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irtared Sacond Class Mattar Oetobsr 11. 1189, at tha Pat
Omca at Chicago, Illinois, undar Aet of March 3rd, 1879.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
Entered aa Second Class Matter Oetober 11, 18M, at tha Port
Office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3rd, 179.
TWBNTY-FOUKTH YEAK, !NO. 9.
CHICAGO, SATUltDAY, NOVEMBER 30. 1912.
VWfixSR WHOLE NUMBER 1,206
PWiWrw",','', n'T?? -WT"' -,"-"'
TO HOLD UP DUNNE
Utility Experts and Dark Lantern Poli
ticians Would Like to Entangle Him
With the Legislative Frame-Ups.
But the Governor -Elect Cannot Be Lead Away
From the Real Issues Which Confront
Does Not Believe in Mixing the Executive with the Legis
- lative Branch of the Government or of Inter-
fering With the Latter.
The Many Reforms to
Up Much of
A number of would-be statesmen
who have not been known In the past
as friends of Governor-elect Dunne,
are trying to entangle him In the
preliminary fights In the legislature.
The governor-elect lias given notice
that ho proposes to attend strictly to
the duties of the great office to which
he has been elected, without unneces
sary Interference with the legislative
branch of the state government.
This will be sad news to some of the
utility experts and dark-lantern poli
ticians who have been doing their
level best to put Judge Dunne In a
Governor-elect Dunne says that he
will recommend to the legislature the
abolition of the Stato Board of Equal
ization. "My present opinion," he said, "Is
that the board of equalization can be
abolished by the legislature and a tax
commission created to perform the
present duties of the board without
an amendment to the constitution."
The governor-elect scanned the con
stitution and statutes and found
nothing he said, to alter his opinion.
Ho would not say Just what sort of
a taxing commission he would recom
mend, or whethor he would suggest
elective or appointive officers.
Oovernor-olect Dunne will stand by
Colonel James Hamilton Lewis for
United States Senator.
"The people of the state have had
an opportunity through the primary
law to express their preference for
United States senator," 'said Mr.
Dunne, "and the choice has fallen
upon Colonel Lewis. I hold, and have
. always held, that the expression of
the peoplo at a primary Is their will.
"Any member of the legislature who
violates this primary Instruction reg
isters a disbelief in the will of the poo
' pie. I shall do all that Is In my power
' to bring about Colonel Lewis' eleva
tion to the nation's highest legislative
Alderman SI Mayer, who Is making
a good record In tho council, made
a hot charge that public utility cor
porations are secretly fathering' the
commission form of regulation to pre
vent Chicago from having "home rule"
In the regulation of its utilities before
tho legislative commission at the Ho
tel La Salle, and he brought out the
liveliest session of the hearing.
State Senator Dalley, chairman of
the commission, clashed with Alder
man Mayer, Alderman Block, Alder
man Molnerney, Alderman Cullerton
and Alderman Rlchert all argued
against tho appointment of a state'
commission to have complete charge
of Chicago public utilities.
"We know who Is behind this move
ment," said Mayer, "The public utility
corporations are fathering this move
ment for some ulterior motive, They
don't want to be regulated unless It is
by somebody they can own body and
"Do you mean that?" asked Sena
"I certainly do," replied Mayer.
"This commission form of control Is
merely another attempt by the cor
porations to prevent tho people from
having anything to say,"
Alderman Cullerton argued that Chi-
Which Governor Dunne
His Attention and His
cago should regulate Its own utili
ties. "You cannot have too many checks
upon public service corporations," he,
said. , '
"How about publlQ servlco questions
n political campaigns?" asked Sena
"Do you think a political campaign
based upon a reduction, say, of the
gas rate, without any Investigations
of the rights of the corporations,
would bo as beneficial as the Investi
gation of the matter by competent ex
perts and settlement that way?"
"It would be better In my opinion,"
"Then why don't you agree upon
the reports of your different telephone
experts?" asked Mr. Dalley.
"We will," answorod Cullerton. "And
as a result of the campaign for 70
cent gas wo will soon hdve a reduc-'
"But not until the courts have passed
upon tho prlco as set forth by the ex
perts and It will be much longor than
It a regularly appointed commission
had Investigated and made a decision."
The railroads put the segregated
vice district out of business. They
are going to build a great union depot
Just north of Eighteenth street, be
tween State and Dearborn streets and
the terltory south of Eighteenth street
Is .needed for train yards. That is said
to be the principal reason why the
segregated district had to go.
Chicago demands home rule In the
matter of public utilities.
The Organized Appetite wants a
stato utilities commission to take
home rule from Chicago. Tho Or
ganized Appetite also claims the dis
tribution of the Federal Jobs under the
new president. Forewarned is fore
Proposed recommendations for tho
handling of future bribe cases were
dlsoussed Monday night at a meeting
of the special committee of tho city
council and citizens which had under
consideration alleged attempts to
bribe inspectors In tho building de
partment. Alderman John Kjollander
said recommendations had boon dis
cussed but final action had not been
If the Council abolishes the flat
telephone rate for the reason that the
telephone trust asks It to abolish It,
then the Council should order tho
company to give a rebate of two cents
upon every five-cent call. The tele
phone trust complains that flat rate
phones Increase Its burden 25 per
cent That users of flat rate phones
only pay one and a half cents a call,
while the whole service, medium
and flat, costs the company over two
cents a call. Very well, let the Alder
men say to the phone crowd: "We
have cut off 25 per cent of your bur
den. This will Increase your revenue.
Give the people the benefit and let
them have a rebate of two,cents m
The taxpayers of Chicago are
beaten out of thousand of dollars
annually by the telephone trust.
Everybody knows that in all outly
ing districts and even In some local!-
I ties In the loop district, the telephone
Is Pledged Will Take
trust Is not required to bury Its
wires. Costly brick, asphalt and ce
ment alley are laid all over the city
In which telephone poles are erectod
and are permitted to stand. Who Is
in on this graft?
Tho telephone trust is away behind
the times. It is behind the times (be
cause it would cut Into Its eight per
cont annual dividend to be abreast
of the times. The spirit of the times
calls for automatlo service. England,
long backward In telephone service,,
Is forging ahead of us by Installing
the automatlo system In all of her
large cities. The automatlo system
gives Instantaneous service, without
mistake. The trust system Is the
limit In mistakes, backwardness and
When the Ben monopoly was work
ing overtime to got the city council
to knock out the Illinois Tunnel Tele
phone Company's franchise Mayor
Harrison expressed himself as believ
ing that better service could be ob
tained from a dual telephone service
than from a single on.
"In every Instance that I have been
personally Informed of," he said, "the
two systems have been about as cheap
to tho consumer as one. Competition
seems to produce better service. I
really believe that better service can
bo expected from two companies than
Alderman SI Mayer hit the nail on
the head when he told that utilities
commission to keep Its hands oft of
Chjcago home rule. Alderman Mayer
Is making an excellent record In the
city council and Is proving himself
a friend of the people.
That "forest preserve" scheme to
make a lot f real estate speculators
rich, has bobbed up again.
The Organized Appetite claims to
have discovered Wilson and claims
tho local Federal -Jobs. The Organ
ized Appetite cannot tool Wilson or
The telephqne trust wants to add
to the high cost of living.
It wants all phones In Chicago
placed on tho nlckel-ln-advance basis
and It has the gall to ask the Aldor
men to sanction this robbing.
Under the proposed scheme, overy
time a housewife ordered a pound of
butter by telephono she would have
to deposit a nickel lefore telephon
ing. But the telephono trust must have
victims, otherwise It could not con
tinue to pay eight per cent per annum
in dividends to Its stockholders.
The peoplo of Chicago are looked
upon by the trust as easy marks.
The people are watching their al
dermen in this telephono matter. They
know that they can lower tho rates If
they want to.
Every alderman who votes for tho
telephone trust will bo beaten for re
election. Shutting Chicago congressmen out
from the Federal patronage Is the
latest schemo of the Organized Ap
Olvo us a referendum vote on tele
The Organized Appetite In Chicago
has decided not to give any of the
Chicago congressmen a word to say
In the matter of Chicago Federal
OSCAR W. UNDERWOOD.
Able Democratic Leader of Congress.
natronnco. Tho Organized Annetlte
is boasting that it has a lead pipe
cinch on President Wilson and that
It Is going to forecloso Its mortgage.
The Organized Appetite which
claims the sole right to dispose of tho
Foderal patronage In Chicago, prob
ably has enough members In Its or
ganizatlon to fill the principal Jobs.
That is as far as it cares to go any
Telephone rates art entirely too
high In Chicago. The Aldermen have
a chance to lower them. Will they
The Telephone Trust should be dissolved.
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Majority of Telephone Subscribers in
Chicago Favor the Equipment Which
Gives Direct and Secret Service.
The Telephone Trust Hangs
Methods Because It Insures
The Big Cities in England Are All Adopting the Automatic
System and Why Should This Country
If the Trust Would Adopt the Automatic System There Could Bo No
Possible Objection to a Lowering of Kates.
Several of tho Aldermen have ex
pressed wonderment that the big Tele
phone Trust, which is lighting so
hard- to maintain high rates, docs not
adopt tho automatic system which has
lowered rntes-and given satisfaction
One alderman asserts that it Is pos
sible to supply local telephono servlco
In cities at two cents per call, plus
a rental chargo so low thut every
household could have service
This would help the company's long
Over capitalization and antlquo
methods are what make telephono
service botween cities far removed
so high as to be prohibitive.
The Telophone Trust will be fought
by the people until it ceases to bo a
monopoly and until Its charges aro
as reasonablo as the government It
self would charge for similar publlo
People who Imagine that the pass
ing of an ordinance by the City Coun
cil will do away with a publlo demand
for better conditions and lower rates
in the telephone service are mistaken.
Tho telephone is a necessity to the
people and no one knows this better
than the monopoly which controls It.
The purchase of newspapers or tho
purchaso of public officials will not
help tho causo of monopoly.
Tho newspapers which support mo
nopoly have lost their influenco with
tho public, which Is intelligent and
possessed -of a good memory.
Public officials who give away the
people's rights or show favors to tho
telephono monopoly will not bo for
gotten. On tho contrary, they will bo prop
erly branded and will be retired to
The peoplo are In no fromo of mind
to be trifled with. They aro showing
this every day and at every election.
Tho man who sells them out to a
trust may win tho approbation of
some milllonairo-owncd dally papor,
but tho common cltlzon, who Is In
sulted, neglected and overcharged by
the telophono servlco, will not forget.
There is ono thing that the avorago
voter has a knlfo up his sleovo for.
That thing Is tho public official who
favors tho Telophone Trust.
Aro tho people to bo sold out again
lu tho matter of fixing telephono
rates? Tho situation at proHent looks
very funny. Export llonils' roport
was far from satisfactory to telephono
subscribers. It did not go far enough
In the matter of rato reduction. Hut
tho trust possibly to throw dust In
tho eyes of tho publlo and of tho al
dermen, protond to light ncmls' re
port. Otio thing Is sure, tho peoplo
aro aroused and tho adoption of a
scheme favorablo to the trust will
only fan the flames of Indignation
now beginning to blaze.
Tho Telephono Trust has n now
schemo. It has Its employs call up
nldermen and tell them that If they
lowor rates to an honest flguru tho
employes will loso their jobs. Tho
uldremon can easily figure who Imvo
tho moat votes telephono employes
or tho peoplo who pay too much for
From a learned "Export's" reports
to tho City Council wo learn that:
Telophono rates should be raised
because tho Doll Telophono Company
owns tho local telephone company.
Because the Western Electrical
Company Is also owned by the Boll
BecauBO the local telephone com
pany Is obliged to buy all of Its equip
ment and necesarles from tho West
ern Electrical Company,
Bccauso neither the Western Elec
trical Company or the local telephone
company would havo big enough prof
its to suit tho Bell Telephone, which
owdb them, It Chicago people were
not prossod for a little more coin and
their telephono rates raised.
Becauso the local telephone com
pany has Increased Its capital stock
from the original $500,000 to $27,000,
000 and 15,000,000 more In bonds.
Becauso the stockholders would not
get big enough dividends on this im
monso stock Issue If the peoplo of Chi
cago were not squeezed.
Therefore the telephone company
has the norve to ask tho City Council
to raise the rates on tho people of
The people of Chicago are to be
used as serfs by tho Telephono Mon
opoly and the last drop Is to be
squeezed out of them.
In the meantime It would be well
I for the aldermen to Inquire Into the
on to Antique
alleged relations, In tho past, of cer
tain city officials with tho abovo elec
trical company, the twin of the local
tolophone company, both being owned
by the Bell Monopoly.
Tho telophono gang want the coun
cil to raise tho rates on all phones.
To abolish all flat phones and make1
everybody take measured service.
To put a nickel in overy phone be
fore connection Is made.
FIro Marshal Soyforltch asserted
that as practically one-half of the fire
nnd police alarms aro received by tele
phono, ho did not favor the general
Installation of the "pay-ln-advance"
typo of telephono Instrument now be
ing placed In various parts of tho city
by tho telephono company.
Tho old fashioned Trust phone
servlco In Chicago Is getting worse
overy day. Patrons nro constantly
complaining of It. Wrong numbors
nro constantly In ovldonco; the busy
signal is given frequently for a "wrong
number", whllo tho phono that Is
called Ib not busy at all. Somo of tho
operators are Importtnont. Others of
them aro Incompetent. All of this
works for a loss of business, tlmo and
patience. Tho wbolo system Is an
tiquuted, and out of dnto. It Is only
rotalncd becauBo tho old company Is
more Interested in piling up dividends
than It Is In serving tho peoplo,
A cent a call or at the most 1
cents a call would yield the telephone
company a profit and save money for
In big advertisements printed la
Chicago dally nowspapers April II,
1013, the concern ottering 114,000,000
of telephone bonds for sale, quotes a
letter from tho prealdont of the com
pany in which It is stated that telo
phone "Earnings have shown a steady and
substantial growth, having Increased
from $3,129,238 In 1000 to $12,078,
300.57 In 1011, or an Increase of ovor
300 per cent In tho past cloven years,"
Why not give tho publlo tho benefit
of this prosperity?
On pago 31 of tho annual report of
tho Bell Telephono system for 1912
wo find tho following Ingonous state
ment excusing tho raising of rates:
"Wherever thoso rates havo been
Increased it has been douo by and
with tho consent of the subscribers
to the exchanges and with tho direct
authority or acqulesconco of the pub
This is certainly good. It would
bo u safe guess to say that tho "con
sont of tho subscribers" was novcr
asked but that rates wcro raised
"with tho direct authority or acqulea
conco of tho public authorities,"
Are tho public authorities of tho
city of Chicago going to acquiesce in
a raise ot tolephono rates?
Tho public Is watching tho telo
phono situation closely, It has been
milked so long to kcop up big divi
dends, that a reduction of rates all
along tho lino la demanded.
Tho tolephono trust could mako
money if its servlco was limited to
threo classes of tho moasurod va
rtoty nt $9, $12 and $20 por year.
But It wouldn't pay olgbt por cent