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THE CHICAOO CAOLC.
PUBLISHED EVURY SATURDAY
Am Independent Newspaper, Fearless
SUBSCRIPTION, RVTES $2.00 PER YEAR
ADD!! Alt, COMMUNICATIONS TO
104 TEUTONIC BU1LOI.NO.
TckrhonrM Miln J9IJ Auto. JI6IJ.
VthMit Corner Vh!n,ton SI. and Jill At.
BENRY F. DONOVAN, Editor and PnbtUhtr
Bnlcrrd Second Claw Matt October tt.
IS, at the Peat Otfic t Chicago, Illlaoli, under
Act of March 3, is:.
ESTABLISHED OCTOBER 5, ISS9.
Incorporated under the Laws of
Henry P. Donovan.
CHICAGO, NOVEMBER 30, 1912.
HOME RULE FOR CHICAGO.
Mayor Harrison took timely action
Monday night to forestall the
schemers who aro trying to take away
from Chicago her control of public
The mayor sent to the council a
resolution upon which ho asked Im
mediate action, becausa a joint com
mittee of tho legislature is now con
sidering what action tho stato should
tako toward regulating all the public
service corporations within its bor
ders. The resolution urges that in the
event a commission Is found neces
sary, provision shall bo made to give
Chicago its own commission, appoint
ed by the mayor without referenco
to the rest of the state.
In his fcommunlcation to tho Coun
cil tho mayor said:
"I have not attempted to discuss
the desirability of the general scheme
of a public utilities commission," he
said, "but have contented myself with
a broad statement to the effect, first,
that in the event a public utilities
commission to have control of local
public utilities is created, its member
ship shall be appointed by the mayor
of Chicago, by and with the consent
and approval of the city council.
"Second That no such law shall
become effectlvo In tho city of Chi
cago until It shall have been sub
mitted to a general referendum and
shall have received tho indorsement
of a majority of the legal voters vot
ing upon the question."
Tho resolution recited Chicago's de
velopment In control over tho local
transportation lines, the gas and tele
phone companies, and its ownership
of the waterworks. ,
"The pcoplo of Chicago aro firmly
committed to tho principle of the
broadcast measure of local self-government,
commonly called 'home rule'
compatible with tho present conduct
of the affairs of the sovereign state
of Illinois, but more particularly In
the control and regulation of those
great public utilities mentioned," it
"No large city In America has ac
complished more for its people in the
regulation of such public utilities than
"There is no sentiment in Chicago
for a change in governmental control
of such public utilities, but, on the
contrary, there now Is nnd has been
for some time past a demand that Chi
cago should havo a special charter,
with powers therein conferred com
mensurate with its needs and guar
anteeing to It the privileges of 'home
For the samo reasons Alderman SI
Mayor presented nn order directing
the preparation of an ordinance creat
ing a municipal bureau of public utili
ties. It provided thnt this organiza
tion bo given full supervision over all
the corporations now under tho con
trol of the council.
A CITY TELEPHONE bUrAu.
The city of Chicago should havo
a telephone bureau ns a district
branch of the city government. It
should have a practical telephone man
at tho head of It, whoso solo duty It
would bo to protect tho Interests of
the city and to better tho telephone
The peoplo of Chicago have re
viewed with astonishment the em
ployment of a gas expert for p. whole
year at $50 a day to pass upon tho
If the city had a telephono bureau
of Its own, manned by telephone ex
perts, rates would bo lowered and
information as to the real state of
affairs could bo had without unneces
Thomas A. Smyth has made a care
ful conscientious and able president
of the Sanitary District.
In a campaign to prevent industrial
accidents Factory Inspector Edgar T.
Davles has decided to appoint a vol
unteer deputy Inspector in every large
factory In the state. The volunteer
EDITORIAL AND PERSONAL NOTES
Pungent Paragraphs on Live Topics,
Comment on the Leading Men of
will be selected from ntnotig the work
men and furnished with nn Inspec
tor's star. They will bo asked to call
nttentlon to defective machinery or
dangerous machines that are not
equipped with safety devices.
Oscar F. Mayer would make n splen
did city treasurer.
Alderman Lewis D. SItts, senior
member of the Gns, Oil niul Electric
Light committee, who has seen nine
years of service as n member, Is said
to be the selection for successor to
Alderman Anton J. Cermnk ns chair
man. Alderman SItts Is one of the
leaders In the city council, where his
record has always been clean ad up
right. "Property owners whoso land will
rise In value by reason of the con
struction of the subway should stand
part of tho expense of that construc
tion. Tho cost of such nn undertak
ing is grent and I believe somo part of
It, at least, Bhould bo paid by these
property owners as a special assess
ment." That Is tho Idea of George
A. Schilling, president of tho Board
of Local Improvements, who spoke on
Tuesday before tho Cook County Real
John J. Qcrnghty, head of the An
cient Order of Hibernians and well
known manufacturer of badges nnd
buttons would make a flno city treas
urer. An amendment to the ordinances
which would prohibit a vehicle from
standing longer than half an hour In
tho district bounded by Twelfth street,
Chicago avenue, Michigan avenue nnd
Hoisted Btrect, was suggested at a
meeting of tho Council sub-committee
of tho Local Transportation Commit
tee. Tho mcasuro will bo taken up
at a later meeting.
James S. Hopkins, the well known
attorney, would servo tho peoplo well
on tho bench.
A triple check system of inspection
for dredging work was adopted nt
Monday's meeting of tho sanitary
Several days ago revelations were
made beforo the board which showed
that dredglngs had been illegally
dumped Into the sanitary canal, the
river and tho lake.
Under the new system an Inspector
for the board will accompany every
scow load of dredglngs from where
the dredglngs are gathered until the
scows aro emptied, eight miles out Into
the lake, ns the law requires.
Judge Edward Osgood Brown's ap
pointment as Attorney General by
President-elect Wilson would please
President Taft will lo given tho
opportunity to appoint a line officer
of tho United States Navy to prevent
tho illegal dumping of dredglngs, re
fuse, building debris and other mater
lal into tho Chicago rivor and harbor
if tontatlvo plans,' now being cottsld
ored, aro crystallzed into congresslon
For some years tho Chicago Associa
tion of Commerce, through Its rivers
and harbors committee, has been keep
ing tab on the unlawful dumping of
all kinds of stuff into tho river.
In a meotlng of the executive com
mlttco of the association the proposl
tion to placo thocontrolllng of tho
river and habor under supervision of
a naval officer, to work under the
Secretary of War, as is done In the
Now York harbor, was informally dis
cussed, and it was decided to take
up tho matter with the city officials,
so that all parties interested might co
operate In tho effort to keep the river
channel at its navigable depth.
Tho council finance committee was
unable to reach a decision In tho ques
tion of garbage disposal for Chicago.
Various bids which have been received
for tho now contract were under con
sideration, but tho committee decided
to seek advlco from the corporation
counsel's office beforo making a re
port. Henry Allen, acting city engineer,
appeared before tho commltteo with nn
analysis of tho bids. Tho commltteo
asked him whether any of tho bids
aro advantageous to tho city, Mr. Al
len said ho would not recommend any
of the bids, blmply showing tho figures
and letting tho commltteo dotormino
which ono Is to tho best Interests of
Chlof Justlco Harry Olson mado a
request for throo additional bailiffs
for tho threo now Judges elected in
tho last election. Tho commltteo de
cided to grant tho request.
Opposition to an Increase in the
salaries of judges, clerks and bailiff
of tho Municipal court developed, The
ordinance providing for tho increase
was not recommended for passago. Al
derman Cermak supported tho pro
John J. McLaughlin would make a
fine speaker of the Houso. He fs a
man of ability and forco whoso whole
public record has been ono of honesty
The Telephono Trust in order to
throw dust In the eyes of the public
has announced that it has set aside
ten millions for pensions to Its em
ployes in all the companies that It
If the Telephone Trust can afford
to dlvido ten millions of dollars as
pensions to Its employes after paying
eight per cont dividends to its stock
(holders, then the city council ought
to bo convinced that It can start a
big reduction in telephone rates.
All of theso millions come out of
tho pockets of tho people and the
victims of a monopoly aro not apt to
feet their burdens lightened by honied
talk about pensions for employes.
The people demand relief from the
They will keep on demanding re
lief until they get tt.
Tho head of tho principal part of
the' Chicago end of the trust is quoted
in a dally paper as saying:
"The tlvo Bell Telophone Com
panies, with headquarters In Chicago
tho Chicago Telephone Company,
Central Union Telephono Company,
tho Cloveland Telephone Company,
Michigan State Telephono Company
and Wisconsin Telephono Company
will ndopt the pension, disability ben
ctlts and insurance plan In behalf of
"The approximate number of em
ployes in tho flvo companies operat
ing in the five states of Illinois, Wis
consin, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio, is
Tho trust claims to havo over 300,
000 customers In Chicago alone.
Why doesn't It do something for
Peoplo will keep on asking why.
In Judge John R. Cnvcrly the people
havo an able, honest and conscien
tious main on the Municipal Court
The honest and clean administra
tion of the election board in Cook
county has reflected credit upon the
popular County Judge, John E.
Hearing of applications for help in
tho county fee offices was adjourned
until December 2 by the committee
of Judges of tho Circuit Court that
for the last two days has been listen
ing to tho report of tho Bureau of
Edward Garstcn Smith, orator,
writer and philosopher, will lecture
on Conservative Government at 8 p.
m., December 3, at Sheridan Hall,
North Clark and Lunt avenue.
IV? OFFICES NEW CITY MALL.
Tenth floor. South end.
Board of Election Commissioners.
Third floor. South end.
Charles H. Kellermanr'
Howard S. Taylor.
William H. Stuart, chief clerk.
Charles H. Mitchell, attorney.
Board of Examiners.
Motor vehicle operators, 10th floor.
North end. .
Moving picture operators, 10th Door.
Plumbers, 10th floor. North end.
Stationary engineers, 10th floor.
JOHN E. MALONEY.
New Member of the County Board,
Board of Inspectors of public ve
hicles, 3d floor. North end.
Board of Local Improvements.
General offices, 2d floor. South end.
Public hearing rooms, 1st floor,
Law department, 2d floor. South
Sixth floor. South end.
Seventh floor. North end.
Fourth floor. North end.
Vault floor. North end,
Sixth floor. North end.
First floor. South end,
First floor, South end.
General office, Stb floor. North end.
Auditor, 6th floor. North end.
Paymaster, 6th floor. North end.
Real estate agent, 6th floor. North
Council chamber, 2d floor. North
General committee-rooms, 2d floor.
Commltte on finance, 2d floor. North
Committee on local transportation.
Spoclal park commission, 10th floor.
Sixth floor. Center.
Superintendent, 3d floor. North end.
Chief Janitor, 3d floor. North end.
Vault floor, South end.
Tenth floor. North end.
Second floor. Center.
Civil Service Commission.
General offices, 6th floor. South end.
Examlnlng-room, 10th floor. Center.
Bureau of Compensation.
Vault floor. South end.
Fifth floor. South end.
Bureau of Engineering (City En
gineer). Fourth floor. North end.
Department of Electricity.
Sixth floor. Center.
Finance Committee. ,
Second floor. North end.
Fire mnrshal, 1st floor. North end.
Fire alarm telegraph, Gth floor. Cen
ter. Firemen's pension fund, secretary
of board of trustees (city clerk), 1st
floor. South end.
Bureau of Gat Inspection.
Vault floor. South ond.
Inspector of Oils.
Tenth floor. South .end.
Fourth floor. North end.
Department of Health.
Commissioner of health, 7th floor.
Bureau of food inspection, 7th floor.
Bureau of sanitary Inspection, 7th
Bureau of contagious diseases, 7th
Bureau of vital statistics, 7th floor.
Department of Law.
Corporation counsel, 6th floor.
City attorney, Gth floor. North end.
Prosecuting attorney, 6th floor.
Special assessment attorney, 2d
floor. South end.
Local Transportation Committee.
Third floor. North end.
Local Transportation (Traetlon Ex
pert). Third floor. North end.
Bureau of Maps and Plats.
Fourth floor. North end.
Fifth floor. North end.
Fifth floor. Center.
Municipal Court Now City Hall.
Courtrooms, 8th, 9th and 11th floors.
A couplo of members of tho City
Council havo aroused the Indignation
of a number of their brother aldermen
by declaring that they would Insist
upon fixing telephone rates so that tho
tolophono company could conttno to
declare dividends of eight per cent.
per annum on tho immense capital
stock of twenty-seven million dollars.
Every cent of this Immense divi
dend comes from the pockets of the
people of Chicago.
It represents the net earnings of the
local Bell Company after It has paid
all of Its expenses, Including high
official salaries and Its regular contri
bution to its owner, the Bell monop
oly, or, as It is known, tho American
Telegraph ft Telephono Company,
which controls the various big tele
phone systems of the whole country.
Mr. Bemls, the "expert" who has
boen employed at $60 a day to And
out tho condition of things for the
alderman, has proven to bo a disap
pointment. The expert's report reads, to some
peoplo, liko a very ablo effort to save
all tho money it can for tho telephono
Tho people do not appear to figure
In it very extensively, and the argu
ment appears to be that any reduc
tion, if any, should be rondo so as not
to disturb tho great big annual divi
dend of eight por cont. on twenty
seven millions of capital stock.
This capital stock, by the way, has
increased from $500,000 to $27,000,000,
and the dividend of eight per cent, is
the largest paid by any corporation In,
The people of Chicago evidently are
soft marks and must be worked for all
there Is In it.
At the meeting or tno gas, oil and
electric light committee, Interruptions
of Expert Bemls by the aldermen be
came more frequent, as they differed
with his conclusions while his expla
nations progressed, until when the
subject of the wages of the girl opera
tors was reached all the aldermen
plunged into the debate. The report
stated that the number of girls in
creased from 4,090 at an average
monthly wage of $31.17 in 1907, to
6,116 at an avorage wage of $36.23 in
1911, an average pay increase of 13
por cent. Aid. James A. Kearns
wanted more details on tho pay ques
tion. The report also showed the total
employes of all classes to have in
creased from 6,843 at a monthly aver
age of $43.97 in 1907, to 8,476 at an
average of $51.31 in 1911, on increase
of 23.8 In number and 44,5 in pay,
"The increase is probably in the in
terest of civilization, so the company
possibly should not be criticized for
that expenditure," declared Mr. Bemls.
"They are higher than tho usual rate
east of the Rockies."
"Haven't tho operators been mado
to work so much harder in tho last
flvo years that there is really no in
crease in wages, while the efficiency
of tho sorvlco has suffered?" demand
ed Aid. Bowler,
"If tho girls aro compelled to do
moro work the report of a 13 per cent,
increase 1b a misstatement tho com
pany is gottlng more for Its monoy,"
suggested Aid. Stanley S. Walkowlak.
"Isn't it a fact that the demands are
so much greater that the company has
to give tho girls rest rooms?" asked
"If there wero no rest rooms a girl
operating 150 keys would be killed in
twenty-four hours," insisted Aid. Wal
kowlak, "Possibly it is well for the profes
sor to be sympathetic with the com
pany in soma portions of his report,"
with Som e
suggested Aid. Cermak with a smile.
"I'm not taking tho ground that
wages should not bo Increased or that
efficiency should be Impaired," pro
tested Mr. Bemls.
"You say the cost of these rest
rooms and restaurants averages 73
cents a year for each telephone," con
tinued Aid. Cermak, referring to the
report. "That would be more than
$200,000 a year."
The discussion again became, fast
and furious when the subject of the
chargo exacted for moving telephones
was reached. Aldermen Insisted that
$5 was charged when no wiring Is
done, ,nnd oven when a new tenant
finds an instrument already in tho
"There is somo Justification in it,
as tho company does not give the
samo number to anybody else in six
months," declared Mr. Bemls.
"Did you find tho charge Is $5 for
moving an instrument from one side
of tho room to another?" asked Aid.
"I didn't look into that," replied Mr.
Bemis, again jotting In his notebook.
Reduction of rates on tho two and
four party, nickel prepaid residence
telephones, comprising moro than half
of tho 300,000 subscribers of the Chi
cago Telephono Company, was sug
gested. Aldermen Cermak and Bow
ler secured tho passing of a motion
that E. W. Bemls, the expert for tho
committee, secure figures to show how
such a reduction would affect the com
Aid. Kearns suggested such a reduc
tion at a previous session of the com
mittee. The flgufes suggested by Aid.
Cermak wero to cut the $1.60 monthly
guaranty of the four party line drawn
down to $1 and tho $3 guaranty of the
two party line to $2,
Such a reduction, say tho aldermen,
would be moro Impressive than real.
They contend that most residence tel
ephones now accumulato more than
$1.50 worth of nickels In a month, so
that oven if the guaranty were re
duced to $1 tho company would con
tlnuo nearly tho samo revenue from
calls at 6 cents each.
Figures which Mr. Bemls made pub
lic at the closo of tho mooting showed
that in April, when tho company had
275,000 telephones in Chicago, there
wero 117,118 four party lines and 20.
500 two party subscribers. The com
pany now has closo to 300,000 and
theso two most popular classes of
service have increased proportion
ately. The Chicago Telephone Company,
which is suffering so much from
want of funds, according to certain
city "experts" that it will have to
raise telephone rates on the people
In order to exist, paid 8 per cant in
dividends last year.
Think of itl
Eight per cent on twenty-seven mil
This is the company that started
with a capital stock of half a million
and now has a capital stock of twenty-seven
It pays 8 per cent annual dividend
on twenty-seven millions and puts up
a twenty-two story modern office
The people of Chicago are such
easy marks that the phone crowd want
to get more out of them and asks for
an Increase in rates at the hands of
the City Council.
And two "experts" agree that this
"poor" company is losing money!
In 1911 the Chicago Telephone Cos
pany paid 8 per cent in quarterly divi
dends of 2 per cent March 81, E per
cent, June 80; 2 per cent, September
30; 2 per cent, December 80, 1911.
Here is a nice little nest egg of
$2,160,000, divided up among the stock
holders. When to this is added the profits
paid the "parent" Bell Telephone
Company, the amount grabbed off the
people of Chicago is simply enormous.
Instead of raising telephone rates,
the City Council should lower them.
The Chicago Telephone Company is
bound by its franchise to submit to
any order passed by the city council
regulating either its charges or its
equipment. Section 7 of the ordi
nance granting the franchise says:
"The city council as one of the con
ditions of the grant of the privileges
herein conferred upon the Chicago
Telephone Company hereby reserves
to itself the right from time to time
during "the period of this grant, by
special ordinance amendatory here
of, to hereafter establish, fix, pre
scribe, and regulate the rates, charges
prices and tolls or other compensa
tion or any limitations' thereupon for
each and every kind of service, fa
cilities, and equipment which the Chi
cago Tolephone Company furnishes
or supplies or may furnish or supply
in the city of Chicago under this op
dlnance, and also the basis, method,
manner, and means of computing, ex
acting, imposing, paying, and collect
ing such rates, charges, prices, and
tolls or other compensation of said
Chicago Telephone Coompany."
Elsewbore in the franchise, In sec
tion 5, Is found this paragraph:
"The city council shall havo the
right by ordinance to regulate from
time to time during the term here
of in any manner each and every
kind of service which said Chi
cago Telephone Company may here
after deal in, furnish or supply in the
city of Chicago under or by virtue
of this grant"
In section 10 is found this pro
vision: "But said Chicago Telephone Com
pany by the acceptance of this ordi
nance shall be understood as pre
cluded from In any manner attack
ing or questioning the power of the
city of Chicago to exercise the author
ity, powers, privileges, and rights
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By section 17 the company agreed
that in the event of Its default "In
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any of tho agreements of the ordi
nance continuing three, months after
written notice from the city the coun-
President P. Schoenhofen Brewing
ell can declare the grant "and all the
rights and privileges" of the company
forfeited and at an end.
What bunk the telephone trust is,
giving the public 1 Owning the tele
graph as well as the telephone sys
tems of the country, it promises o
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Chlesfe Matwfer fr August Luehew.
States Brewing Company.
give pensions to its employes. Judg
ing from its past, Just before the em
ployes are old enough to get a pen
sion they will be discharged without
In 1900 Chicago telephones aver-
Co. Who Has Returned From Europe.
aged 18 calls per. day. They now
average 5 calls per day. The com
pany is consequently getting more
money than ever for bad service,
Who rules Chicago, the aldermen or
the phone company?
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