'jWsIlyw'v)"? rTp '
-. v v?twMi,i'jyJiwv-s''T'w',,w "
ntered 8eeond Clan Matter October 11. 1889, at the Pott
Office at Chicago, llllnou, under Act of March 3rd, 1879,
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
Entered at Second Clait Matter October 11, 1884, at the Poet
Office at Chicago, llllnole, under Act of March 3rd, 17.
TWENTY-FOUltTIl YlAR,NO. 10.
CHICAGO, SATUltDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1912.
rVb-cbnti WHOLE NUMBEll 1,207
T5!?!w55MJW7,(,,''Wr' wM Wtf"'" Amf.i t '
MM iHM i '
fflrfcsK t a ol r
DUNNE AND DRYS
Liberal Democratic Governor Will Knock
Out Plan of Anti-Saloon Crowd, Who
Want Local County Option.
The Drys Claim Eighty Votes in the House Alone
and Will Inaugurate a Battle at
The Progressive Party Is Going to Stay in the Field, Make
Nominations and Keep Up Its Organization
In Illinois It Has Adopted a Legislative Programme Which It Proposes
to Carry Out to tho Letter in Every Detail.
Tho "Dry" crowd nro at It again.
Thoy nro going to innko a hard light
In tho legislature for local county
Managers of tho anti-saloon cam
paign tiBscrted eighty menibors of tho
now house are pledged to tho com
ploto program of tho Antl-Snloon
Lcaguo of Illinois. Thoy thought tho
senate "safe," but moro closely divid
ed than It was two years ago. Thoy
feared tho position of Clovornor-elect
Dunne In event n county option bill
Is passed. Thoy concoded their bills
stand no show of enactment over tho
Representatives of tho Icnguo at
Springfield said they will niako a bit
tor light for tho election of a "dry"
speaker of tho house, and will try to
forco the enactment of n county op
tion law, tho passngo of a "rcsldonco
district" option law for cities, and tho
passago of a "search and solzuro" bill
for local option territory. Tho favored
"dry" candldato for speaker Is Ooorgo
H. Wilson of Qulncy, Republican.
Headquarters for tho legislative cam
paign will bo opened In Springfield.
Wilson Initiated his active cam
paign and may offer his name to tho
Republican houso caucus, If ono Is
held. Tho Important dovolopmont In
tho highly complox legislative situa
tion was the prediction an effort will
bo mado to hold a "dry" caucus, and
thus organize tho houso regardless of
party and without atentlon to tho two
United States senatorships.
The Progressive body of twonty-flvo
mombors, apparently olocted, here
again hold the balance of power. Pro
gressive leaders are not certain they
can afford at this crisis In their plan
to make Springfield tho national cen
ter of Progressive activity to be In
volved 'Tn a bitter fight over tho
Homer J. Tice of Qreenvlew, Repub
lican, a close friend of Lawrence Y.
Sherman, opened his headquarters for
the speakership at tho Leland hotel,
Springfield, Tlce was Indorsed by
the Anti-Saloon league for re-election,
but has not boon classed as an active
leador In that movement.
Tho Progressive party has evident
ly come to stay. State Chairman
Chnuncey Dewey Issued a statement
in which he said Illinois Progresses
plan to "mako good" on tholr legis
lative, program. Ho said:
"Ono of tho purposes for which tho
Progressive lawmakers elect have
been called to meet in this city next
Monday, the day In advanco of the
gathering of tho party's national con
ference, Is to consider these matters
of prospective legislation. Several
Important bills already are being
dratted, The opportunity to exchange
views will be valuable. Our strength
at Springfield will be at least twenty
six, probably three or four more In
the lower house, and several In tho
"For one thing, I believe tho Pro
gressives will advocate retrenchment
where there has boon excessive ap
propriation of 'the taxpayers' funds,
and will propose that the money
needed be diverted to put into opera
tion our proposals for social and In
dustrial Justice, Farmers and city
laborers alike figure in this program.
I might mention the organization of a
corps of traveling agricultural In
structors. Steel mill and other work
ers will be Interested In our plan to
secure an eight hour law for continu
iilii'J vftitfJ A!- iVr't.'V
ous industries, oporntlng twenty-four
hours n day.
"Recent agitation in favor of stnto
supervision of prlvnto banks already
has found expression In our state plat
form and I am of tho opinion that tho
Pi ogress) vo strength will bo back not
only of such n mcasuio, but also of
a bill like Kansas' 'bluo sky' law
against wild cat securities."
Tho action of tho Sanitary Trus
tees in restoring tho appointing power
to President Thomas A. Smyth, was
an act of justlco which meets with
John McQlllon, who Is talked of for
Clerk of tho Sanltnry District of Chi
cago, would honor that position or
any other ono to which ho might bo
elected or appointed. Mr. McQIllcn
Is a man of sterling character, honest,
upright and ablo and ho possesses
that groat oxecutlvo ability which
will always make him a success.
Ono of tho thinnest and most trans
parent attempts to blacken tho char
acter of two public men is tho charge
that tho McLaughlin Building Material
Company has been robbing tho Chi
cago Railways Company. The Chi
cago Railways Company Itself Is not
awaro of tho fact. John J. McLaugh
lin, a strong candldato for speakor of
the house, and Benjamin M. Mitchell,
ono of the most highly respected
members of tho house, are members
of tho firm composing tho McLaugh
lin Building Material Company. The
attack upon them at this time by a
discharged employe Is clearly for
political effect. Both men are too
highly respected In the community to
be hurt in tho loast by such an attack.
"Tho only thing wrong wo havo dis
covered so far Is In the affidavits of
tho men who accuse thomsolvos of
Wllllston Fish, goneral manager of
tho Chicago Railways Company, mado
thlststatemont. Ho referred to an In
vestigation mado by tho company of
the charges mado last Wednesday by
Harry Dovoro, a discharged employe
of tho McLaughlin Building Material
Company, to State's Attorney Elect
Dovero accused htmsolf and Frank
J. O'Malloy of 2222 West Huron street
mid John C. Barnes, 2013 Grand avo
nuo, n receiver and assistant receiver
for tho railways company, of having
been Implicated In a schomo by which
tho rocolvers of the Chicago Railways
Company signed for material that had
not been delivered by the McLaughlin
'Mr. Fish amplified his statment by
saying that In a check of the material
used In all new construction and re
pair work during tho season of 1912
there was a variation of not to exceed
thirty, yards ,as compared with tho es
timates of the board of supervising
engineers covering the same work,
Are the people to be sold out again
In the matter of fixing telephone
rates? The situation at present looks
very funny. Expert Bemls" report
was far from satisfactory to telephone
subscribers. It did not go far enough
in the matter of rate reduction. But
the trust possibly to throw dust in
the eyes of the publio and of the al
dermen, pretend to fight Bemls' re-
.port. One thing Is sure, the people
rVtuj'klWj t St.i.-i-J't'tj si, ,vf .. .h-uti. L.u
'&, .?ViVt -
nro aroused and tho adoption of n
schemo fnvornblo to tho trust will
only fan tho flames of Indignation
now beginning to blaze.
Tho Telcphono Trust will bo fought
by tho pcoplo until it ceases to bo a
monopoly and until its charges aro
as rcasonablo as tho government It
self would charge for similar public
Pcoplo who Imaglno that tho pass
ing of an ordlnanco by tho City Coun-
cil will do away with a public demand
for better conditions and lower rates
in tho telephone service are mistaken.
Tho telephone is a necessity to the
people and no ono knowa this better
than ho monopoly which control. It.
The purchase of newspapers or the
purchase of public officials will not
help the cause of monopoly,
The newspapers which support mo
nopoly .have lost their influence with
the public, which la intelligent and
possessed of a good memory.
Publio officials who give away the
people's rlghta or show favors to the
telephone monopoly will not be for
gotten. On the contrary, they will be prop
erly branded and will be retired to
The people are in no frame of mind
to bo trifled with. Thoy nro showing
this ovory day and at ovory election.
Tho man who sells them out to a
trust may win the approbation of
some mllllonalro-owncd dally paper,
but tho common citizen, who Is In
sulted, neglected and overcharged by
tho telcphono service, will not forget.
Thcro Is ono thing that tho average
voter has a knife up his slcovo for.
That thing is tho public official who
favors tho Telcphono Trust.
Tho cutting down of tho number
of pollco stations from forty-flvo to
twenty-flvo us recommended by tho
council commlttco Is n mistake. It
will tako protection nwny from tho
puoplo, weaken tho moral Influcnco
of tho pollco force and do no good.
When It Is remembered that twenty
four hundred policemen were with
drawn from their beats, tho moral ef
fect of pollco stations In residence
neighborhoods cannot bo overestimate
c(l. Chicago ought to havo n hundred
pollco stations. New York has ono
hundred and thirty-five.
Negotiations between tho surface
lines companies and tho elevated
companies nro at u standstill, follow
ing tho disagreement several months
ntrn lintu'nnn tltn nltv mitlmrlttnu timl
officials of tho elevated lines over tho
valuation of tho piopcrtlcs. Con
sequently, tho unified operation of all
Chicago's transportation facilities Is
something to bo dealt with In tho fu
ture. Tho merger of tho surfaco lines, ns
predicted, Is taken to forecast u gen
eral bottcrment of street car service
In Chicago and opens tho way for tho
futuro unification of all tho transpor
tation facilities of tho city. It is de
clared that when the question of tho
valuation of tho elevated properties
Is disposed of finally It will bo n com
paratively simple matter to consoli
date tho elevated and surfaco lines,
ns tho elevated roads nlready aro
As Tho Kaglo predicted last spring,
Roger C. Sullivan has como out of
the battle with his flags flying and
tho national administration behind
Sovornl of tho Aldormcn havo ex
pressed wonderment that tho big Tele
phono Trust, which is fighting so
hard to maintain high rates, docs not
adopt tho automatic system which 1ms
ROGER C. SULLIVAN.
Prominent in the Business and Political
lowered rates and glvon satisfaction
Ono alderman asserts that ft Is pos
sible to supply local telophono service
In cities at two cents per call, plus
a rental chargo so low that every
household could have service.
This would help tho company's long
Over capitalization and antique
methods are what make telephone
sorvlco between cities far removed
so h'gh as to be prohibitive.
The telephone trust could make
money It its servlco was limited to
three classes of the measured va
riety at $9, $12 and 920 per year,
But it wouldn't pay eight per cent
IWIK.- T" "t" h I f 1. . V 1 kHI Ik..1
&& rz rlV't i YCHOT' ' "Jin
,A?W J-w r .wt-' din ,
The People of Chicago Would Be Badly
Off If They Had No Recourse
The Telephone Trust, Judging: From Its Past,
Would Grind Its Customers to the Wall
Tho Trust Is Fighting Hard to Maintain High Kates and
Does Not Scorn to Bo Disposed to Help
It Has Two Reports in
From tho dust that tho Telephone
Trust Is trjlng to throw In tho eyes
of uvcrybody Just now, It Is evidently
determined to fight every attempt to
lower high telcphono rates.
This leaves tho public with but ono
Telcphono competition must bo
built up and encouraged.
Tho telcphono trust wants to add
to tho high cost of living.
It wants all phones in Chicago
placed on tho nlckoMn-advance basis
and it has tho gall to ask tho Alder
men to sanction this robbing.
Under tho proposed scheme, every
tlmo a hou8ewlfo ordered a pound of
butter by telephone sho would havo
to deposit a nickel Lefore telephon
ing. But the telephone trust must have
victims, otherwise it could not con
tinue to pay eight per cent per annum
in dividends to its stockholders.
The people of Chicago are looked
upon by the trust as easy marks,
Telephone competition in Chicago is
needed and needed badly.
The people are sick and tired of be
ing forced to submit to the demands
of the 'phone trust They resent the
gall of the trust in wanting the city
tho Council Now, Either of Which Will Only
It Richer than It Ever Was.
to give it a monopoly and thoy aro not
going to stand for any such action by
Tor years thoy have suffered pa
tiently the wrongs put upon them by
tho trust and thoy havo como to the
position whero they are not going to
stand for It any longer.
Tho ono thing that will put a stop
to tho high rates and poor sorvlco,
from which tho people of Chicago
havo suffered for years, Is telephone
Chicago demands 'phono competi
tion. Tho Chicago Tolepbono Company,
which Is suffering so much from
want of funds, according to certain
city "experts" that it will have to
ralso telcphono rates on tho people
In order to exist, paid 8 per cent in
dividends last year.
Think of Ul
Eight per cent on twenty-seven Mil
This Is tho company that started
with a capital stock of half a million
and now has a capital stock of twen-ty-soven
It pays 8 per cent annual dividend
on twenty-seven millions and puts up
a twenty-two story modern office
Tho people of Chicago are such
easy marks that the phono crowd want
to get more out of them and asks for
an Increase in rates at the hands of
the City Council.
And two "experts" agree that this
"poor" company Is losing money!
In 1911 the Chicago Telephone Com
pany paid 8 per cent in quarterly divi
dends of 2 per cent March 81, 2 per
cent, June 30; 2 per cent, September
80; 2 per cent, December 30, 1911.
Here Is a nice little nest egg of
$2,160,000 divided up among the stock
holders. When to this Is added the profit
paid the "parent" Bell Telephone
Company, the amount grabbed off the
people of Chicago is simply enormous.
Instead of raising telephone rates,
the City Council should lower them.
If tho Council abolishes tho flat
tolophono rata for tho reason that tho
telophono trust asks it to abolish It,
then tho Council should order tho
company to glvo a robato of two cents
upon ovory flvo-cont call. Tho tolo
phono trust complains that flat rnto
phones Increase its burden 25 per
cent. That users of flat rato phones
only pay ono and a half conts a call,
whllo tho whole servlco, medium
and flat, costs tho company over two
conts a call. Very well, lot tho Alder
men say to tho phono crowd: "Wo
havo cut off 25 por cont of your bur
don. This will increase your rovonuo.
Qlvo tho peoplo tho benefit and lot
thorn have a rebato of two conts -n
Prom a learned "Expert's" reports
to the City Council we learn that:
Telephone rates should be raised
because the Bell Telephone Company
owns the local telephone company,
Because the Western Electrical
Company is also owned by the Bell
Because the local telephone com
pany Is obliged to buy all of lta equip
ment and necesarles from the West
ern Electrical Company.
Because neither the Western Elec
trical Company or the local telephone
company would havo big enough prof
its to suit tbo Boll Telophono, which
owns them, If Chicago pcoplo were
not pressed for a llttlo moro coin and
their telophono rates raised.
Because tho local telophono com
pnny has increased its capital stock
from tho original $500,000 to $27,000,
000 and $5,000,000 moro In bonds.
llecaiiBo tho stockholders would not
get big enough dividends on this im
mense stook issuo if tho pcoplo of Chi
cap r. not squeezed.
" i tho telophono company
ha i uo nun o to ask tho City Council
to nine tho rates on tho people of
Tho pcoplo of Chlcngo nro to be
used as serfs by tho Telophono Mon
opoly and tho last drop Is to be
squeezed out of thorn.
In tho mcnntlme It would bo well
for tho aldermen to Inqulro into the
alleged relations, In tho past, of cer
tain city officials with the nbovo elec
trical company, tho twin of tho local
tolophono company, both being owned
by the Boll Monopoly.
Tho telophono gang want the coun
cil to ralso the rates on all phones.
To abolish all flat phones and make
everybody tako measured service.
To put a nickel in every phone be
fore connection is made.
Fire Marshal Seyferllch asserted
that as practically one-half of the fire
and police alarms aro received by tele
phone, ho did not favor tho general
Installation of tbo "pay-ln-advance"
typo of telophono Instrument now be
ing placed in vnrlous parts of the city
by the telophono company.
Tho taxpayers of Chicago are
boaton out of thousands of dollars
annually by tho tolophono trust.
Everybody knows that in all outly
ing districts and oven in soma locali
ties in the loop district, the telephone
trust Is not required to bury its
wiros. Costly brick, asphalt and ce
ment alloys are laid all ovor tho city
In which tolephono polos nro erected
and aro pormltted to stand, Who Is
in on this graft?
Tho tolephono trust Is away behind
tho times. It is behind tho times be
causo it would cut into its eight por
cont annual dlvldond to bo abrcaBt
of tho times. Tho spirit of tho timos
calls for automatic sorvlco, England,
long backward In tolephono sorvlco,
Is forging ahead of us by Installing
tho automatic systom In all of her
largo cities, Tho automatic systom
gives Instantaneous sorvlce, without
mistake Tho trust nystom Is tho
limit In mistakes, backwardness and
Tho publio is watching tho telo
phono situation closely, It has been
milked so long to keep up big divi
dends, that a reduction of rates all
along tho lino is demanded.
Telephone rates ar entirely too
high in Chicago. The Aldermen have
a chance to lower them. Will they
Glvo us a referendum vote on tole
Every alderman who votes for tho
telephone trust will be beaton for reelection.
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