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B.eond Clin Mitt.r Octob.r 11. 18M. at tha Paat
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
Entered aa Second Ctata Matter October 11, IMS, at the Pool
Office at Chicago, llllnole, under Act of March Srtf, 1rt.
fOea at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3rd, 1879.
TWENTY-FOURTH YEAH, NO. 22.
CHICAGO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1012.
ftvicSW WHOLE NUMBER 1,210
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ALL FOR GRAHAM
Every Democrat in Chicago Favors the
Appointment of Andrew J. Graham for
Postmaster by President Wilson.
The Naming of the' Popular Business Man for
this High Office Means a United
The County Democracy Holds a Rousing Meeting, Endorses
Robert E. Burke and Arranges to Attend the
Inauguration of Governor Dunne.
The Organization Never Was Stronger Than It
Large Number of Representative Democrats
The Democrat's of Chicago are
unanimous for Andrew J. Graham for
Mr. Graham Is eminently fitted for
the position and would bring to tho
office the great ability which has won
him success In the commercial and
His appointment to this position by
President Wilson would unite the
Democratic party of Chicago.
With Mr. Graham as postmaster
the three most Important positions
In the stato would be filled by tho
three leaders who fought it out for
the mayoralty nomination In 1911.
Mr. Dunne Is' governor.
Mr. Harrison Is mayor.
Mr. Graham will be postmaster.
The county Democracy held a rous
ing meeting on Sunday at 73 West
Randolph street. It was one of the
most enthusiastic meetings ever held
by that great organization. Leading
Democrats from overy part of the
city and county were In attendance
and plans were mapped out for Gov
ernor Dunne's inauguration and aUo
for President Wilson's.
Robert E. Durke, the brainy and
popular secretary of the organization,
who has stood by It when tho party
was in Its worst adversity, was given
the hearty endorsement of every
member present. The County Dem
ocracy is the one organization that
has year in and year out championed
tho causo of the Domocatlo party
and the efforts made to disrupt It
have been futile. Among the- well
known Democrats who apoke at the
meeting Sunday were: Thomas J.
Webb, Col, Daniel Morantz, Francis
D. Connery, James R. Buckley, John
P. Tansey, Daniel Herllhy and Bart
ley Burg. Following are some of the
plans mapped out for the future:
1. Complete the rejuvenation of
Ma hosts In a big New Tear's cele
bration at the Hotel Sherman on the
evening of Jan. 1.
2. Fifteen hundred of his follow
ers attend the Inauguration of Gov-ernor-elect
Dunne as tho real and
only County Democracy.
3. Attend the inauguration of
President-elect Wilson with at least
100 representatives of the County
4. Elect new aldermen this spring
from among his own faithful ones.
5. Secure control of the Demo
cratic precinct committees In 1014 by
electing his own followers as com
mitteemen. The County Democracy, with Rob
ert B. Burke as Its leader, will warm
up things at Governor Dunne's inau
guration, The names of the commit
tees of the County Democracy have
boon made public.
Co). Daniel Moriarlty heads the list
and is the chairman. The other
members are Edward H, Morgan,
JamoB R. Buckley, Nicholas Lorcn,
John P. Tansey, Timothy Crowe,
Francis D. Connery, Dr. Anthony
Krygowskl. Daniel Herllhy, William
J, McAllster and Secretary Burke.
The New Year's celebration commit
tee was also made public It is
beaded by Thomas J, Webb, member
of the board of review, Those to
serve with Mr. Webb are John T.
KMtlftf, Col Moriarlty, James M.
Slattery, Leo J. Dwyer, Daniel J, Mc
Mahon, Richard H. Blckerdlke, Bart-
ley Burg, Dr. Ernest Jentsch and
Colonel James Hamilton Lewis will
bo the next Democratto United States
Senator from Illinois. All factions
In the party are united on his can
dldaoy. Mm la the choice of 'the peo"
pie and is entitled to the honor. Col.
Lewis will havo the solid support of
the twenty-four Democratic members
of the Illinois Senato in his candi
dacy for the United States Senate.
That matter was settled definitely
yesterday at a conference of the
members of tho new Senate, hold at
the Hotel La Salle.
Also the new Senate will try to
head off the proposod action of Lieu
tonant Governor John a. Oglesby to
keop a few "Republicans on the pay
roll by making them employes of the
Senate In tho brief time that he will
preside over that body and before
the new Lieutenant Governor takes
Still further, the Democratic mem
bers of the Senate will try to make
n combination first with the Bull
Moose members, two In number, for
the organization of the Senato, and
falling to do that, will next nook a
combination with the Republicans,
The conference the Democratic
Senators had was a long one, and an
Interesting one, too. The action taken
In regard to the candidacy of Colonel
James Hamilton Lewis was the most
Important thing of the meeting. It
served as notice upon all conspira
tors, schemers and persons with se
cret ambitions that thore will not be
another case of the violation of
primary instructions on the Senator
ship at Springfield. Ever since It was
found that while the Democrats had
the largest number of legislators In
the new Assembly, but still lacked
the majority over all necessary to
name a United States Senator, there
have been rumors and schemes for
bipartisan, nonpartisan and trlpar
tlsan combinations to elect some one
Chicago needs a high water pressures
A high pressure wator system In tho
business and stock yards districts
was recommendod by Mayor Harrison
In a communication to the City Coun
cil at Its meeting Monday afternoon.
Comment was made by aldermen
that the communication was received
on the second anniversary of the
stock yards Are, which cost the lives
of former Fire Marshal James Horan
and twenty-two of his associates,
With the Installation of a high press
ure system another such, holocaust
would be Impossible.
The communication from the Mayor
contained a report from the engineer
ing bureau showing that the improve
ment would cost 14,423,518. No meth
ods for financing the project are sug
gested In the communication, which
was referred to the Council commit
tee on water. After the meeting the
Mayor said that he believed the cost
would have to be met by special as;
sessment in the districts covered by
The figures on the valuation of ele
vated railroad properties of Chicago
now are below the $80,000,000 mark.
I It was taken as evidence of success-
Is at Present and a
Joined the Ranks.
ful progress In negotiations toward a
merger of elevated and surface com
panies with universal operation as Its
Chairman Eugene Block and other
members of the local transportation
committee, were told of the situation
by men studying the figures submit
ted by the companies on Wednesday.
Theso wero on the basts of the cost
of the properties to the present hold
ers and of tho obligations outstand
ing against them. The total was $b6,
086,023. A previous appraisal by tho
companies brought a total of 193,
000,000. The aldormen were told Items In
the companies' list aggregating ap
proximately 10,000,000 had boon elim
inated from consideration at confer
ences between representatives of the
city and the owners; but a formal re
port will not bo made before tomor
row. If it Is agreeable to Mayor .Har
rison, a meeting will bo held then at
which the detailed figures will be
made public. '
J. J. Reynolds, aided by C. E. W1I
lard of the City Comptroller's office
and John W. Beckwtth, First Assist
ant Corporation Counsel, have been
going over the entire list with Gilbert
E. Porter, counsel for the Chicago
The Inauguration season is at band.
William C, Eustls, as chairman of
the inaugural committee, has named
the chairmen of the various subcom-
mlttees which will have charge of the
details attending tlio Induction of
President-elect Wilson Into office and
has begun the real work of raising the
1100,000 fund necessary for the event
and the task of planning the numerous
details. No difficulty In obtaining the
money necessary Is anticipated, for
within a few. hours after the call was
issued several thousand dollars had
Chairmen of the moro important
subcommittees on whose labors will de
pond largely the success of the Inaugu
ral celebration aro: Corcoran Thorn,
finance; Thomas Nelson Page, recep
tion; MaJ. Oen. Leonard Wood, mili
tary organizations; Robert N. Harper,
civic organizations, and Benjamin 8.
Minor, Inaugural ball. Mr. Minor is
being importuned, for places on his
committee, society leaders already
having engaged In a spirited rivalry
A Happy New Yoar to all.
Governor-elect Dunne on Monday
was urged to use his infiuenco toward
obtaining un appropriation of from
150,000 to $76,000 from tho Stato to
ward the memorial which will be
erected to commemorate Commodore
Perry's victory on Lake Erie, which
took place In 1813. Several members
of tho Interstate board of Perry vic
tory centennial commissioners visited
The United States Government has
appropriated 1230,000 toward tho me
morial and contennlal celebration. Tho
Stuto of Ohio has appropriated $40,
000. Other States, particularly those
along tho Great Lakes, are being
asked to do their share.
Besides using hla Infiuenco toward
an appropriation, Mr. Dunne was asked
to appoint four additional Illinois
members of tho centennial commis
sion. Mr. Dunne also wob asked during
tho day to become an associate mem
ber of the National Agricultural Build
ing and Exposition Company, which Is
promoting an exposition building
The Initiative and Referendum will
settle tuetractlon nnl telephone ques
tions in quick oruor,
On page 31 of the annual report of
the Bell Telephone systom for 1012
we And the following Ingenous state
ment excusing tho raising of rates:
"Wherever theso rates have been
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ANDREW J. GRAHAM.
Citizen and Well-Known Banker Talked of for Postmaster.
increased it has been done by and
with the consent of the subscribers
to the exchanges, and with the direct
authority or acquiescence of the pub
This Is certainly good. It would
be a sate guess to say that the "con
sent of the subscribers" was never
asked but that rates were raised
"with the direct authority or acquies
cence of the public authorities."
Are the public authorities ot the
city ot Chicago going to acquiesce in
a raise of telephone ratesT
Give us the Initiative and Referen
dum and lower telephone rates.
Voters should be given a chance tq
solve the city transportation problem
at the coming spring election.
Will any alderman have' the hardi
hood to pledge the city to pay eight
per cent dividends on watered tele
LOWER THE RATE
The Telephone Tariff in Chicago Is En
tirely Too High for the Service
that Is Given.
Aldermen Have an Opportunity Now to Help Out
Their Constituents and Save Money
for the People.
The Telephone Trust Has Had Too Good a Thing in
Chicago for Many Years Past and a Change
Eight Per Cent Dividends Would Re All Right if They Didn't Come
Out the Pockets of the General Public.
Tho people aro entitled to lower
The aldermen have a chanco to help
out their constituents and save money
for them In this direction.
Will they do It?
The Chicago Telephone Company Is
bound by Its franchlso to submit to
any ordor passed by the city council
regulating either Its charges or Its
equlpmont. Section 7 of the ordl-
nance granting tho franchise says:
"The city council as ono of the con
ditions of the grant of the privileges
herein conferred upon the Chicago
Telephone Company hereby resorves
to Itself the right from Umo to time
during the period ot this grant, by
special ordinance amendatory here
of, to hereafter establish, fix, pre
scribe, and regulate the rates, charges)
prices and tolls or other compensa
tion or any limitations thereupon for
each and every kind of service, fa
cilities, and equipment which the Chi
cago Telephone Company furnishes
or supplies or may furnish or supply
In the city or Chicago under this or
dlnance, and also the basis, method,
manner, and means ot computing, ex
acting, Imposing, paying, and collect
ing such rates, charges, prices, and
tolls or othor compensation ot said
Chicago Telephone Coompany."
Elsewhere In the franchise, In sec
tion 5, Is found this paragraph:
"The city council shall have the
right by ordinance to regulate from
time to time during the term here
of in any manner each and every
kind of service which said Chi
cago Telephone Company may here
after deal In, furnish or supply In the
city of Chicago under or by virtu
of this, grant" . -
In section 10 Is found this pro
vision: "But said Chicago Telophono Com
pany by tho acceptance of this ordi
nance shall bo understood as pre
cluded from In any manner attack
ing or questioning the power of the
city of Chicago to exercise the author
ity, power, privileges and rights
hereby reserved or granted, or any of
By section 17 tho company agreed
that In tho ovent of Its default "In
tho observance or performance" of
any of the agreements of tho ordi
nance continuing thrco months after
written notice from the city tho coun
cil can declaro tho grant "and all the
rights and privileges" of tho company
forfeited and at an end.
Tho fact is dawning upon tho pub
lic that the Phono Trust hangs on to
Its antlquo and out-of-dato equipment'
Just to keep prices up. Tho older tho
kind ot Instrument In uso tho easier
It Is to pllo up a lot of figures, prov
ing the great cost of maintenance,
and this great cost has to bo added
to tho telophono bill ot tho subscriber.
Tho only reason why tho telephone
Trust will not use tho automatic sys
tem Is because It can mako moro
money out ot tho public with Its untl
quoted service England has adopted
tho automatic service, and so has far
away Australia and Now Zealand.
The Trust Is so busy garnering
a great fortune from tho peoplo ot
Chicago that all that It wants Is a
number of friendly aldermen, and "tho
peoplo bo d d."
Every effort is bolng made by the
Trust to cloud tho real situation and
get away with another schodulo of
high prices. Evory subject excopt tho
real ono overcharge of tolophono
rates Is brought up by tho company's
agents at Council Commlttco meet
ings. Tho rates should bo cut In half
to begin with, and tho company
should bo ohllgod to Install automatic
Telephone competition In Chicago Is
needed and needed badly.
The people are sick and tired of be
ing forced to submit to the demands
of the 'phono trust. They resent the
gall of the trust In wanting the city
to give It a monopoly and they are not
going to stand for any such action by
For years they have suffered pa
tiently the wrongs put upon them by
the trust and they have come to the
position where they are not going to
stand for It any longer.
The one thing that will put a stop
to the high rates and poor service,
from which the people of Chicago
have suffered for years, Is telephone
Chicago demands 'phone competi
tion. How the people of Chicago do suffer
from that Bell phone I
The broken ear drums which so
many ot Its patrons complain of are
as nothing compared to the lost tem
pers ot usually good natured patrons,
who get wrong numbers and other
Not to speak ot the broken rest of
people aroused from their beds ' by
these same mistakes and who are so
mad themselves that they fall to
grasp the predicament of the fellow
at tho other end ot tho line who has
paid a nickel in advance to havo
"wrong number" slammed Into hla
Then the tedious wait for the
Somo times minutes elapse before
the operator finds her stick ot gum
or gets ready to answer.
Glvo the peoplo a referendum votu
on tho telephone rates.
It the Council abolishes tho flat
tolephono rnto for tho reason that the
telophono trust asks It to abolish It,
then tho Council should order tho
company to glvo a robato ot two cents
upon evory flve-cont call. Tho tele
phono trust complains that flat rate
phones Increase Its burden 25 per
cont. That users of flat rate phonos
only pay ono and a half cents a call,
whtlo tho wholo service, medium
and flat, costs tho company over two
cents n call. Very well, lot tho Alder
men say to the phono crowd: "We
havo cut oft 25 por cont ot your bur
den. This will Increase your revonue.
Glvo tho peoplo tho benefit and let
them havo a robato of two cents n
Tho peoplo demand a referendum
vote on the question ot telephone
Why don't tho Phono lawyers In
tho City Council allow tho Phono
Trust lawyers who appear of record
to do tho talking for the Trust? Tho
peoplo sent them to tho council to
represent tho peoplo, and not tho
Let us build up tolephono- competi
tion and smash tho Trust.
From tho dust that tho Tolephono
Trust Is trying to throw In tho oyes
of everybody Just now, It Is evidently
dotormlned to fight every attempt to
lowor high telophono rates.
ThlB leaves tho public with but ono
Telephone competition must bo
built up and encouraged,
Tho telephone trust wants to add
to tho high cost of living.
It wants all phones in Chicago
placed on the nlckel-ln-advanco basis
and it has tho gall to ask tho Alder
mon to sanction this robbing.
Under tho proposed schemo, overy
tlmo a housewife ordered a pound ot
butter by tolephono she would havo
to deposit a nickel before telephon
ing. But the telephone trust must have
victims, otherwise it could not con
tinue to pay eight por cent por annum
In dividends to its stockholders.
Tho people ot Chicago are looked
upon by the trust as easy marks.
Telephone rates are entirely too
high in Ghlcagp. The Aldermen have
a chance to lower them. Will they
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