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-ft '. JW)vvy"'rvi.j-f
ntr4 Stcond class Matter Oetobtr 11. 1889, t the Pott
Offlc at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3rd, 1879.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
Entered at Second Ctata Matter October 11, 18M, at the Peei
Office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March rd, Ii7.
TWENTY-FOUBTII YEAH, KO. 24.
CHICAGO, SATUKDAY, JANUABY 11, 1013.
WlraPcSiHf WIIOIE ntopieii 1,212
If Lil T lT 11 IT taiSSSHElrtr x rT IT I P
FOR CITY HEALTH
It Is Necessary that Government Give
Permission for a Greater Flow of
I Water in Drainage Canal.
Representative Madden and Other Officials Making
a Hard Fight to Give Canal More
Efficiency than Now.
The Political Pot Is Beginning to Boil and Many Candi
dates for Alderman Are Already in the
Field for Spring Fight.
The Mix Up in Party Affairs is Making a
, Candidates Guess Where They
Chicago's application for permis
sion to dlvort additional water from
Lako Michigan tbrough'tho drainage
canal for sanitary purpose! will be
passed on by President Toft before
Secretary ot War Stlmson makes
-public his decision.
This was the assurance given Rep-
-retMsntatlye-Mudden of Chicago at' the
White House and at tho war depart
ment. That Chicago municipal officials are
alarmed by tho persistent report rep
resenting tho forthcoming decision
as adverse to tho application was
made evident by tho mission ot tho
Mr. Madden attended a conferoncq,
of Muyor Harrison and the sanitary
district trustees in Chicago Inst Sat
urday. He was deputed by thoso
officials to seo the president and Sec
retary Stlmson in regard to tho sta
tus -of the application and -tho decis
The' scerotnry did not Indlcnto to
. 11) congressman In nny wny what Is
the purport of tho conclusion ho 1ms
reached', but stated that ho expects
to 'make it public within a few days.
Ho consented, however, to discuss
tho matter with Mr. Tuft beforo lssu-
. Ing the decision.
"This simply, is a question of decid
ing between health nnd dollars," tho
roncrniBiwn told tho' secretory. "Tho
health pf Chicago is dnpoitdont on
the... proper dralnngo of its sowuge
thrmtglj the sanjtnry eannl. On tho
dollars side you have tho rich navi
gation Interests of,' the great lakes,
which nr,e opposed to Chicago's plea.
I hopo. ypn will ,yxlto your decision
with 'tills, in vmlnd', nnd it you do, I
nn confident thero is only, one wny
you, can decldo it."
Mr. Maddou went. Immediately to
tho Whlto Houso and dlscussod tho
matter with President Tnft, who con
sented to tnko tho quostlon up wtli
oBUiuiury DimiBoii, prounoiy arior
the cabinet' meeting tomorrow, Tho
congressman, Jn His talk wtlr tHo
President' dwelt on 'tho Importance
of tho matter to tho city,
Thq question Is tho snmo which
wus presented to Mr. Tnft; when he
was secretary of war, although ho
novor formally passed upon It.
There aro more nldormnnlc candi
dates In the field at present than
thero over have been at this tlmo of
The, mix-up" In 'pblltlcnl purtlos
caused by actional rows nnd other
conditions hns sot all of. the aspirants
for aldormarilc honors to guessing, It
"will take strong and good candidates
to win out.
Tho council commlttco on streets
and alleys recommended for passago
nn ordinance providing that tho city
take back from the Lincoln Parle com
missioners Jurisdiction over Fine
street from Ohio street to Chicago
avenue, so that the entire Improve
ment of the boulevard connection may
be undertaken at the same time.
Charles H. Wacker and Walter D.
.Moody of the' Chicago plan commis
sion attended tho meeting, but they
arrived after the aldermen had decid
ed to recommend the passage of the
ordinance and' took no part in the
George A. Schilling, chairman of
the board of local improvements, wu
questioned by Alderman Kunz as to
how far the assessment tor the bou
levard connection would extend. He
said tho West Twelfth street assess
ment extended to South Fortieth ave
nue, throe miles beyond the end of
the Improvement, and that this assess
ment no doubt would extend a mile or
two north and south ot the actual
distance ot tho boulevard connecting
Qlvo us a referendum on phono
Reducing wages of hardworking
employes with families to support and
nt tho samo tlmo' Valslug the salary,
ot some already well paid official
doesn't put n city in an ouviablo
light. . 3
As tho result ot tho passago by tho
Houso ot Congressman Sabath's bill
for an immigration station at Chicago,
Secretary Nngol of the Department
of Co in m c re o and Labor mado formal
application to Congress for $76,000
for the Institution. This is to prevent
delay after the sennte passes tho bill.
Fnvornblo, action by tho senate Is as
sured. "Tho .city ot Chicago, presents a
field whbro th'o need for n govern
mental agency of this kind is greater
than, perhaps nny othpr inland, city of
th'o United States'" soys. Secretary,
Nagol, .'''because at tho largo nuinbpr
of alien immigrants destined to that,
city nnd thq largo number passing,
through that city who tliero" change
trains for their destinations in, the,
mlddlo nnd far West."
Homo rule means phone rulo,
Suit hns boen filed in Meridian,
Miss., by Ross Collins, attorney gen
eral ot Mississippi, against' tho Cum
berland Telephone & Telegraph Com
pany of Kentucky, tho American
Tolophpno & Tologrnph Company of
Now York, tho Amorlcnn Tolophono
& Telegraph Company of Missis
sippi and th'o Wostorn Union Tele
graph, Conipnny ot New York. Pen
alties pf $3,001) a day aro de
manded of each,, ot tho four defend
ants, aggregating ovor $16,000,000,
and. It is flrnybd, tlint tho Amorlcnn
company of. Now York bo enjoined
from owning or controlling tho stock
and business of th'o other defendants.
Personal investigation of, tho valua
tions of big ostatos as submitted by
tho executors will bo a feature ot the
work of the new board ot assessors,
according to W. H. Wobor, tho new
chairman ot the board, '
"In the past. It has been the habit
ot tho board to accept tho valuations
placed on properties, without quos
tlon," said Mr. Wetter,
Tito board members will personally
exnmlno the appraisals submitted on
all 0BtncB ot any considerable size,
and whore we think the estimates are
not fair wo will challenge tho fig
ures." Tho valuation' ot the elovatod rail
roads may be fixed at tho oxact figure
paid for the properties without any
promotion fees, but the companies
will not do business with the city on
a lower valuation. An Item of $4,000,
000 brokerage, wiped out by the coun
cil subcommittee, must be Included,
Great Many Would-Be
if tho merger Is to bo brought about.
That In substance was what Wil
liam Q. Boalo, representing tho ele
vated railroads, told tho committee
on local transportation Tuesday.
In explaining the various obliga
tions assumed and tho amount of cash
paid by the. Blair ayndlcato to acquire
tho elevated railroads, Mr. lieule said
tho figures woro. not accurate.
Halt' a dozen aldermen spoko up
and said If the figures were not accu
rato, the sooper correct figures Were
presented the better. Mr. Boalo spent
tho nftoruoon In trying to explain
what ho meant by saying the llgurea
woro Inaccurate Ho said the total
of $S2,003,4C3 was what tho syudlcntn
had paid for tho lines Insldo tho city
limits, but that It was Impossible to
tell exactly tho amount ot floating
debts and working capital, as these
amounts changed from month to
month, tho ono Increasing In propor
tion as the other decreasod.
Tho aldermen woro not satisfied
with tho explanation, and Mr. Benin
was requested to bring in throo now
sets ot flguros, ono showing what tho
properties cost tho Blair syndicate
July 1, 1011, another showing tho
valuo January 1, 1012, nnd a third
showing the value January l, 1913.
Another mooting will bo called as
soon as the figures aro ready,
Mayor Harrison attended tho meet
ing, and at its close said the city was
intorested in getting at tho actual
amount of money paid for tho roads.
James J, Reynolds was callod on
by Alderman Henry D. Cnpltnln to
explain his former report, which fixed
tlio value of tho roads at $53,000,000.
Ho Bald ho was ordered by tho com
mittee not to lncludo certain tilings.
Watch your alderman on the tele
Tho boys who nave been holding
down minority appointments on tho
state boards aro ot courso proclaim
ing their virtues as patriotic Demo
crats nnd at tho snmo tlmo begging
to bo retained. A dragging away
from the public crib of somo of Uicbo
ducks might bo rather hard on their
scnsltlvo feelings. but It would bo n
good thing for tho state.
A referendum on phone rates Is
demanded by tho people.
Making the people pay for In
creased salaries and old ago pensions
ot a public corporation Is tho nowest
wrlnklo. proposed by somo ot our re
Tnxpayors aro not looking with any
relish upon tho efforts of certain re
formers to have legislation passed
that will raise taxes. They aro car
rying n pretty heavy load as It Is with
out adding nny excess baggage.
In the mntter of phono rates, some
nldormon, from their actions, seem to
have the idea that as long as tho pub
lic has for years been played for a
sucker, it would bo poor policy to
President-elect Woodrow Wilson
will bo tho guest of honor and prin
cipal speaker at tho Commercial Club
dinner at tho Olackstone Hotel this
Better elevated servlco for North
SIders Is needed.
Suit to enjoin the appropriation ot
moneys for the maintenance ot tho
county attorney's offlco was filed In
the Circuit Court on Wednesday by
Nicholas G. Cony bear, member of tho
11 nu of X. O. Conybcar & Co., whole
sale grocers at 328 River street
Tho bill sets fortL that any appro
priation for tho county attorney's of
fice is unlawful, as the duties of the
county attorney's office should bo per
formed by tho state s attorney's office.
William 1,. O'Councll, countv treas
urer; Alexander A. McCormlck, preit-
JOHN T. CONNERY.
Popular Merchant and Political Leader.
dent of the county board; members
or the county board, IJ'rank llyan,
doputy comptroller, and Itobort M.
Sweltzor, county clerk, nro inntlo de
fendants in tho bill.
Albert J. Hopkins' election to tho
short term In tho United States son
ate would bo an act of Justlco that
would reflect credit upon tho Legis
lating of Illinois.
Ono thing tho pooplo nro sick and
tlrod of Is home rulo that favors
Non-pnrtlsnn nominations for local
offices would bo popular, nil right.
Col. Jiunes Hamilton Lewis Is tho
choice of tho pooplo of Illinois tor
United States Senator.
With a Stato Public Utilities Com
mission tho phono trust would bo up
against it hard.
&? rsaressau mmmmmmwmsmtmmk.m. v: & hm
The Friends of the Telephone Trust
Want People to Pay for Kaising
Salaries of Its Employes.
Surplus Earnings of the Telephone Company Oyer
Their Big Dividend to Be Charged
Up Against Public.
There Will Be Very Little Raise of Rates if this Scheme
Goes Through Because there Will Be Very
Little for Reduction.
All of Which Goes to Show the Great Advantage the Monopolies Have
Over the Common People in Almost Everything.
Formal action by a city council
commlttco placed the "surplus" earn
ings of tho Chicago Telephone Com
pany nt (700,000 a year. This was tho
first real step toward establishing
new rates which could have been put
into effect two years ago.
The commlttco "adopted" the re
port of K. W. Bcmls holding tho com
pany earns this much abovo Its legiti
mate expenses and a fair roturn on
its investment. But tho commlttco
did not, as Bomis did, find tho' amount
could be used for tho reduction of
telepliouu rates by that amount.
Tho commlttco held this "surplus"
was avallnblo for paying proposed In
cronsea In snlnry and creating a pon
slon fund for omployos, After thoy
havo bcon provided for, under tho de
cision, tho balnnco may bo distributed
for n reduction of charges. Tho com
pany holds $321,000 must bo used for
salnry Increases and $100,000 a year
Tho committee's action was not
tnkon without n fight. Aid. James
B. Uowler contonded tho commlttoo
should not "close tho books" against
further additions to tho surplus. Ho
Insisted tho company's share from
suburban calls nnd long dlstanco
business should bo rondo larger. Ho
.was defeated only nftor three roll
Tho resolution, prosontcd by Aid.
T. K. Long, reads:
"Resolved, That tho commlttco on
gas, oil and electric light horoby
adopts tho report of Prof. Edward W.
Bomls ot October 25, 1912, recom
mending among other things a roduc-
tion of tolophono rates ot $700,000.
"Resolved, Further, that tho
amount of said reduction bo applied
among tho following items:
"Employes' old ago and disability
lnsuranco and sick benefits.
"Increase of wages.
"Reduction of rates.
"And that tho respective amount to
bo applied to each ono of tho fore
going items shall bo horcafter deter
mined by tho commlttco and fixed
by a subsequent resolution."
In other words, the public will got
no reduction to speak of, and will
hnvb to pny for raising salaries and
pensioning tho phono employes.
Tho fact that tho people of Chicago
havo for years been plucked to build
up telcphono dividends is tho best ar
gument for n Stato Public Utilities
Such n commission, properly organ
ized, cannot overlook tho injustice ex
isting In tho dlffcrenco ot tolophono
rates charged In Chicago and in out
lying towns of Illinois.
Homo rulo in Chicago has bcon a
great thing for tho tolophono trust
and a bad thing for tho people.
When homo rulo means phone rulo,
It must go.
Sovernl of tho Aldermen havo ex
pressed wonderment that the big Tele
phone Trust, which is fighting so
hard to maintain high rates, does not
adopt the automatic system which has
lowered rates and given satisfaction
Olio aldormnn asserts that It is pos
sible to supply, local, telephone servlco
In cities at two' c'entB por call, plus
n rental chnrgo so low that every
household could havo servlco.
This would help tho company's long
Ovor capitalization and antique
methods nro' what mako telephone
servlco between cities far removed
so high as to bo prohibitive
Aro tho pcoplo to bo, sold out again
In tho matter of fixing tolophono
rates? Tho situation at present looks
very funny. Export Bomls' report
was far from satisfactory to tolophone
subscribers. It did not go far enough
In tho matter of rate reduction. But
tho trust possibly to throw dust in
tho eyes of tho public nnd ot tho al
dermen, pretend to fight Bomls' re
port. Ono thing Is euro, tho peoplo
nro aroused and tho adoption of a
schema favorable to tho trust will
only fan tho flames ot Indignation
now beginning to blazo.
Tho fact Is dawning upon the pub
lic that tho Phono Trust hangs on to
its antique and out-of-date equlpmont
Just to koop prices up. Tho older tho
kind ot Instrument in uso tho easier
It Is to pllo up a lot of flguros, prov
ing tho great cost of maintenance,
and this groat cost has to bo added
to tho tolophono bill ot tho subscriber.
Tho only reason why tho telcphono
Trust will not uso tho automatic sys
tem Is because it can mako moro
monoy out ot tho public with Its anti
quated servlco. England has adopted
the automatic servlco, and. so has tar
away Australia and Now Zealand,
Tho Trust is so busy garnering
a grant fortuno from tho pooplo ot
Chicago that all that it wants Is a
number of friendly aldermen, and "the
people bo d d."
Every effort la being made by the
Trust to cloud tho real situation and
get away with another schedule of
high prices. Every subject except the
real one overchargo ot telephone
rates is brought up by the company"!
agents at Council Committee meet
ings. Tho rates should bo cut In half
to begin with, and tho company
should bo obliged to Install automatic
If tho Council abolishes tho fiat
telcphono rato for tho reason that the
tolophono trust usks It to abolish it,
then tho Council should ordor the
company to glvo a rebato ot two cents
upon ovcry flvo-cont call. Tho tole
phono trust complains that flat rate
phones lncrcnso its burden 25 por
cent. That usors of flat rato phones
only pay ono and a halt conts a call,
whilo tho wholo servlco, medium
nnd flat, costs tho company ovor two
cents a call. Vory well, lot tho Alder
men sny to tho phono crowd: "We
havo cut oft 25 por cent ot your bur
den. This will Incrcaso your rovenuo.
Qlvo tho pcoplo tho bonoflt and let
them havo a rebato of two couts m,
-When tho Bon monopoly was work
ing overtlmo to got tho city council
to knock out tho Illinois Tunnel Tele
phone Company's franchise Mayor
Harrison expressed hlmsolt ns bollov
Ing that hotter service could bo ob
tained from a dual tolophono service
than from a single one".
"In ovcry lnstanco that I havo been
personally informed of," ho said, "the
two systems havo been about ns cheap
to tho consumer as ono. Competition
scorns to produce better service. I
really belteyo that hotter sorylco can
be expected from two companlos than
A cent a call or at the most Sft
cents a call would yield tho telophon
company a profit and savo money for
In big advertisements printed In
Chicago dally nowspapors April 15,
1912, tho concern offering $14,000,000
of tolophono bonds for salo, quotos a
lottor from tho president of tho com
pany In which It Is stated that tolo
phono "Earnings havo shown a steady and
substantial growth, having Increased
from $3,129,238 In 1900 to $12,078,
390.57 In 1911, or nn Increase of over
300 per cont In tho past olevon years."
Why not give the public the benefit
of this prosperity?
Tho Inltlntlvo nnd Referendum will
settle tho traction nnd tolophono ques
tions In quick ordor.
Tho peoplo nro entitled to lowor
Tho nldormon havo a chance to holp
out their constituents nnd snvo monoy
for them In this direction.
Will ihoy do it?
Automatic tolophono service Is
rcnlly tho only sorvlco for n big city.
It Insures privacy and does nwny with
tho "wrong numbor" nuisance nnd
friU J&r&Aisf " w