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eon CUm Mattor Oetobor 11, ISM, at the Pott
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Entartd as Socond data Matter October 11. KM, at (kUM
Offlco at Chicago, Illinois, (indtr Art af Narad M, tWk
TWENTY-FOURTH YEAR, NO. 18.
CHICAGO, SATURDAY, FXBBUAKY 1, 191JJ.
flicfiSt7 WHOLE NUMBER 1,215
as Mend CUm MatUr Octobsr 11, ISM, l th Pott luncnvMncuir iu at Tuium ueitmsit' m mam.
TO REMOVE CIRCLE
City Council Puts Itself on Record as
Favoring Non - partizanship in City
Elections at Meeting, Last Monday.
Judiciary Committee Is Delegated to Prepare
Measure that Will Remove the Circle
at the Top of the Ballot.
No Matter How this New Reform Works Out it Is Certain
that Candidates Will Be as Numerous
With the Number of Petitions Being Filed for Aldermen, City Treasurer
and City Clerk a Big Primary Battle Is Certain.
Chicago aldermen on Monday night
put themaelvei on record aa favor
ing non-partisanship in city elections.
A resolution favoring dominating the
party circle was adopted under a bus
pension of the rules. JTt-jvoto was
47 to 10.
The resolution was introduced by
Alderman James A. Kearns of tho
Immediately It became known that
the mayor had urged the same thing
at a Joint meeting of tho finance and
Judiciary committees in the after
noon the opposition was stopped.
Following are the resolutions In
troduced by Alderman Kearns:
Whereas, The city council Is or
ganized on non-partisan lines and
without regard to party affiliations iu
the 'selection of Its committees and
Whereas, also, Nonpartisan elec
tions are essential to keep pace with
tho tendency of the times In muni
cipal affairs, now, therofore, bo it
Resolved, .That the Judiciary com
mittee of this council be, and It is
hereby authorized and directed to
prepare a bill to be Introduced at the
pending session of tho legislature,
which shall provide that the party
circle be eliminated from the ballot
In all municipal elections. It Is
Resolved, That said committee,
i upon the preparation or said Dili,
shall take the necessary steps to
cause It to be introduced in both
houses of the legislature, and that
said committee also exert Its best en
deavors to procure the passage of
aid bill and its approval by tno, gov
ernor of this state.
All dumping In the harbors and
other waters adjacent to Chicago la
prohibited In a bill introduced into
Congress by Representative James R.
Mann last Monday. The measure has
been indorsed by the business men of
Chicago and was presented to Mr.
Mann by a delegation consisting of A.
P. Sullivan and George A. Tripp, mem
bers of the Association of Commerce,
The bill is most drastic. It abso
lutely prohibits tho dumping of all
asbeB, refuse, dirt and othor recuse
In the outer and inner harbors, the
Chicago and Calumet rivers, Calumet
Lake and tho canals within the limits
of the city, except the drainage canal
running west and southwest of Robey
Heavy penalties are provided for
violation of the proposed laws, a fine
of not less than $260 nor more than
92,500, or Imprisonment for not less
than thirty days nor more than one
year, or both, In the discretion of, the
court. The master of a vessel violat
ing the ,law will be liable to lose his
The bill creates the office of super
visor of the harbor, which, it Is pro
vided, shall be filled by ft line officer
of the navy. This officer shall be
oharged with the duty of enforcing
the law. It is provided that a force
of inspectors shall be under his or
ders, who shall travel on vessels and
make Investigations necessary to see
that the anti-dumping law Is observed.
The supervisor Is authorised to ar
rest persons charged with violating
the law and to have them prosecuted.
Mayor Harrison Is to have a hand
In deciding whether Chicago Is to
have an Immediate move for a new
charter. This was decided by the
Council Judiciary Committee when by
a vote of 11 to 4 it moved to refer
the resolution of Alderman Capltaln
for tho appointment of a committee
for the purpose of starting such a
step to a subcommittee, composed of
Aldermen Pltto, Mayer and Capltaln.
This committee will confer with
Mayor Harrison by the terms of tho
motion made by Alderman Pltto.
Tho fellows who want to chango the
names of streets, evidently want tho
resldonts and buslness'men to begin
all ovor again in tho matter of loca
tion. ' A spirited scrnrableTor those coun
cil seats Is now In order.
Changing the names of well known
streots morely ties up business and
confused the community.
Tuero promises to be lots of new
faces In the next city council.
Alderman Henry D. Capltaln's re
cent suggestion that a committee of
three from the Chicago Real Estate
Board be asked to reconcile tho val
uations figured by the city and the
elevated railroad companies on the
letter's real estate holdings, was
adopted by the Council subcommittee
that Is considering the "L" merger,
plan. The difference in the valua
tions Is more than 929,000,000, Alder
man Block, chairman of the full com
mittee, was asked to confer with the
Real Estate Board and ascertain If
there are any members who will take
up the proposition. James J, Rey
nolds of the Harbo" and Subway Com
mission, who acted on the valuation
committee, submitted a list of par
cels of real estate which he says
represented most of the difference bo
tween tho city and the companies,
A good way to get a little revenue
for the city would be to get rid of
tho .dead material that Is now on the
pay roll. Take the soft snaps, away
and then tho honost employes of the
city wouldn't have to have their sal
Republican candidates for tho office
ot county commissioners In the coun
try districts, who sought a recount of
the ballots cast at the November
election received a setback at the
hands of Judge Tuthlll In Circuit
court. The court sustained a de
murrer, filed by counsel for tho' vic
torious progressives, attacking the
sufficiency ot the petition. Judge
Tuthlll allowed counsel for the con
testants' right to amend their peti
tion. It is about time for the council com
mittee on street names, etc, to com
mence thinking ot a new name for
Chicago. It would be in line with
their previous actions
The Appellate court honded down
an opinion on Monday sustaining the
decision ot the Circuit Court In re
fusing to grant the board of election
commissioners, appointed In 1909,
salaries of 94,000 a year instead of
92,600 a year.
A statute 'approved June 10, 1909,
which became effective July 1. 1910,
Increased the salaries of election com
missioners. Thomas F. Judge, Abel
A. Bach and Nathaniel Hudson, who
took office July 1, 1009, started man
damus proceedings In tho Circuit
Court to authorize tho payment of
salaries of 94,000 a year.
Demurrers were filed In which It
was sot up that tho constitution for
bids Increasing tho salaries of muni-
clpal officers during their terms of
office. The court sustained the de
murrers, In its opinion the Appellate
Court held that eleotlon commission
ers are 'municipal officers within the
meaning ot the constitution,
John D. Riley, superintendent of the
city map department, on Tuesday told
the Cook County Real Estate Board,
at a luncheon In the Hotel Sherman,
that 15,000,000 square feet of land be
longing to the city Is occupied by rail
roads, corporations and Individuals
without any financial returns to the
municipality. He asserted that the
land may be valued conservatively at
93,000,000, and that If Chicago wishes
to add to Its income It can take poses
slon of tho land or recover its valuo
If action Is taken soon enough.
rated on Monday.
The deadlock In the legislature was
finally broken by tho election of Wil
liam McKlnley of Chicago as Speaker.
Mr. McKlnley Is a warm friend of
Roger C. Sullivan and a good man.
It was Mr. Sullivan's diplomacy that
finally brought about a settlement and
McKlnley's election. It was accom
plished by the votes of 36 Democrats,
46 Republicans and one Progressive.
Mr. McKlnley at once sent a tele
gram to Governor-elect Dunne, assur
ing him of his warm support In all
Anyone who thinks Mr. Sullivan Is
a dead one In politics will have to
think It over again.
Changing wellHtnown streets to
obllgo aldermen from recently annex
ed sections of the city Is not popu
lar. AS a samoie 01 the street nnmn
changing scheme take Webster ave
nue, ono or the oldest and best known
streets on the North Side. It has no
dupllcato and runs from Lincoln Park
to Leavltt street on the West Side, a
distance of three miles. Yet Its name
Is to be changed to Palmer street.
, The spring campaign Is now on In
Why don't some of those high'
priced officials reduce their salaries
Instead of taking ft out of the fire
men' and policemen,
Tho taxpayers .don't care how many
wards there are or liosV many alder
men, but they don't want their terms
extended; two years Is enough.
Directors of tho Illinois Manufact
urers' Association have Instructed
their legislative committee to work for
a 91,000,000 appropriation for tho Il
linois exhibit at the Panama-Pacific
exposition In 1915. The intention is
Judge of the Supsrlor Court.
to have Illinois make the best showing
ot any state at the fair, New York hav
ing set aside 9760,000 for Its exhibit,
O. O. Fyffe, attorney for the associa
tion, has been instructed to prepare an
appropriation bill for presentation to
A referendum on phone rates would
give the people a chance to express
their feelings toward the monopoly.
Every Una you go to the tslsphoaa
you reel un voting against a
who favors the Phone Trust
e will bo
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President-Elect Wilson Is Opposed to
Monopoly and Favors the Knocking
Out of All Trusts.
The Biggest Monopoly in the United States To-day
v Is, as Everybody Knows, the Tele
An Effort Will Be Made to Curb Its Power and Limit
Its Influence by the Next Administration
The People Are Supporting Competitive Companies Because Competition
Is the Only Thing that Will Completely Stifle and Kill Monopoly.
Telephone users who have been pay
ing high prices to the Trust view with
pleasure the attitude ot Presidentelect
Wilson towards monopoly.
President-elect Wilson says that
monopoly must go and the Phone
Trust is tho biggest monopoly In the
Many people regret that the present
administration has not been more vlg-
oroua In Its opposition to Telephone
Monopoly than it has.
Attorney General Wickersbam has
called the attention of the Interstate
Commerce Commission to alleged dis
crimination against independent com
panies, especially In long distance
Calling the commission's attention
to the immensity ot the subject, Mr.
"There are said to be some 20,000
Independent telephone companies,
representing investments aggregating
many millions of dollars, which to
gether operate more than 4,000,000
telephones. No ono ot these companies
represents capital or business com
parable in slzo with that ot tho Amer
ican company or any ot Its principal
"Tho American Telephone and Tele
graph Company, either directly or
through subsidiary companies whose
stock It owns, operate what Is known
generally as tho Bell telephone sys
tem, which renches upwards of 70,
000 places, distributed among prac
tically all tho states ot tho union,
having sorao 4,500,000, telephones In
use, and operating tho principal long
distance lines between tho states.
"It has an Invested capital ot a
book valuo ot nearly $600,000,000. It
also Is tho owner of a largo block ot
stock ot tho Western Union Telegraph
company, through which it practically
controls tho operations ot tho tele
graph and cablo lines of that corporation."
A referendum on phone rates will
mean lower rates.
The Telephone Trust will be fought
by the people until It ceases to be a
monopoly and until its charges are
as reasonable as the government it
self would charge for similar publlo
People who imagine that the pass
ing of an ordinance by the City Coun
cil will do away with a public demand
for better conditions and lower rates
In the telephone service are mistaken.
Tho telephone Is a necessity to the
people and no one knows this better
than die monopoly which controls it
The purchase of newspapers or the
purchase ot public officials will not
help the cause of monopoly.
The nowspapers which support mo
nopoly have lost their Influence with
the public, which Is intelligent and
possessed of a good memory.
Public officials who give away the
pooplo's rights or show favors to the
telephono monopoly will not be for
gotten. On tho contrary, they will be prop
erly branded and will be retired to
The people are In no frame ot mind
to be trifled with. They are showing
this every day and at every election.
Tho man who sells them out to a
trust taay win the approbation of
somo mllllonalre-owned dally paper,
but the common citizen, who Is in
sulted, neglocted and overcharged by
the telephone service, will not forget
There Is one thing that the average
voter has a knife up his sleeve for.
That thing Is the publlo official who
favors the Telephone Trust.
The fact Is dawning upon the pub
lic that the Phone Trust hangs on to
its antique and out-of-date equipment
Just to keep prices up, The older the
kind of instrument In use the easier
It is to pile up a lot of figures, prov
ing the great cost ot maintenance;
and this great cost has to be added
to the telephone bill of the subscriber,
The only reason why the telephone
Trust will not use the automatlo sys
tem is because it can make more
money out ot the publlo with its anti
quated service. England has adopted
the automatic service, and so has tar
away Australia and New Zealand,
The Trust is so busy garnering
a great fortune from the people of
Chicago that all that it wants is a
number of friendly aldermen, and "the
people be d d."
Every effort is being made by the
Trust to cloud the real situation and
get away with another sehodulo of"
high prices. Every subject except the
real one overcharge of telephone
rates is brought up by the company's
agents at Council Committee meet
ings. The rates should be cut in halt
to begin with, and the company
should be obliged to install automatlo
Tho Trust Telephono Company,
which is suffering so much from
want ot funds, according to certain
city "experts" that it will have to
raise telephone rates on the people
In order to exist, paid 8 pes cent in
dividends lost year.
Think ot 1(1
Eight per cent on twenty-seven Bil
lion dollars 1
This Is the company that started
with a capital stock ot halt a million
and now has a capital stock ot twenty-seven
It pays 8 per cent annual dividend
on twenty-seven millions and pits up
a twenty-two story modern eOct
The people of Chicago are such
easy marks that the phone crowd want
to get more out of them and asks for
an Increase in rates at the hands of
the City Council.
And two "experts" agree that this
"poor" company Is losing moaoyl
In 1911 the Trust Telephone Com
pany paid 8 per cent in quarterly divi
dends of 2 per cent March 81, I par
cent, June 80; 2 per cent, September
SO; 2 per cent, December 80, 1911.
Here is a nice little nest egg ot
82,160,000 divided up among the stock
holders. When to this Is added the profit!
paid the "parent" Bell Telephone
Company, the amount grabbed off the
people ot Chicago Is simply enormous.
Instead of raising telephone rates,
the City Council should lower them.
A referendum on phone rateB Is
domanded by tho people.
Tho phono trust docs not own Chi
cago oven though It may think so.
It the Council abolishes tho flat
tolophono rate for tho reason that the
telephone trust asks It to abolish it,
then the Council should order the
company to give a rebate ot two cents
upon every five-cent call. The tele
phono trust complains that flat rate
phones increase Its burden 25 per
cent. That users of flat rate phones
only pay one and a half cents a call,
while the whole service, medium
and flat, costs the company over two
cents a call. Very well, let the Alder
mon say to the phone crowd: "We
have cut oft 25 per cent ot your bur
den. This will increase your revenue.
Give the people the benefit and let
them have a rebate ot two cents m
The people are entitled to lower
The aldermen have a chance to help
out their constituents and save money
for them in this direction,
Will they do it?
Give us theIniuatlvo and Referen
dum and lower telephone rates.
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