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nHrtd a Steend Clatt Matter October
Office at Chicago, llllnole, under Act
TWEXTYN"INTII YE All,
CITY IS HIT
rder Prohibiting Manufacture of Beer
After December 1 Will
Close All Saloons in Chicago
This Will Reduce City's Revenue Nine Millions of
Dollars and It Is Now Four
One of tho grontcst problems that
tho city of Chicago has ovor faced
Is beforo it now.
Tho ordor prohibiting tho manufac
ture of boor after December 1 will
probably put 7,000 saloons out of busi
ness. Each of thorn now pays a II
conso feo to tho city of $1,000 per
With tho different linos affected. It
' Is said tho rovonuo of tho city will bo
cut nlno millions of dollars.
This deficit must bo mot In somo
Tho city Is In a bad way financially
already, and at presdnt Chicago ncods
'mora than $4,000,000 i to pull itBolf
noro than f 4,000,000 j to pull uboii r
iut ot tho liotni thojrprst flnclajl
;'gl., It Is sail, 'tKattilio cTty'gov-, 1
eminent has over known. Unpaid bills
aro piling up, thoro Is only about
$600,000 loft with which to pay sala
ries, nnd coal and oil doalors aro
,threatonlng to shut off tho city's
credit. In addition tho decrco of
President Wilson stopping tho manu
facture of beor boglnnlng December
1 threatens to cut down tho city's
revenues alt tho way from $1,000,000
Whllo it is posslblo an arrangomont
mny bo mndo for borrowing enough
monoy to keep tho pay rolls going, It
Is nssortod nt tho city hall that noth
ing less than legislative action will
8umco to moot tho emorgency caused
by tho loss of saloon rovonucs. Im
portant conferences aro being hold
today, which; It is hopod by city of
ficials will result in a plan of notion.
A special sosslon ot tho city council
may be nocessary.
City Treasurer Clayton P. Smith
suggested a plan whoroby tho loss of
liquor receipts might bo materially
roduccd. If saloonkoopors could tako
out their licenses month by month,
It is said that thoro would bo fewer
saloons go out of business. If saloon
koopors must pay for an ontlro half
year or closo, city oinclnls fear that
many of thorn will refuse to tako tho
rtHiico. A special mooting ot tho
IrvunctC and nn ordinance providing
i incnthly paymonts on saloon
censos would ho nccossary.
Among those nt tho llnanclnl con
forpnecs woro Comptroller Plko, John
J. Sonstoby, representing City Trens
uror Smith, nnd Aldormnn Rlchort,
chairman of tho council flnnnco com
mittee It was docldod to sond for
Corporation Counsol Ettolson for n
legal opinion as to whothor the city
can borrow any more monoy on tax
anticipation warrants. Aldormnn
Rlchort bolloves such action would bo
lognl. Tho city already has borrowed
$9,000,000 on tho tax anticipation
warrants, and if tho full 75 per cont
of tho tax lovy Is usod as tho borrow
ing basis, tho city can still borrow
J21S0.000 moro. which, with tho
monoy from tho bankora,' would bo
sulllclont to tldo tho city ovor until
next year, it Is said.
How many saloons will go out of
hualnes becauso of tho fedornl ban
against tho manufacture of beor can
not bo dotormlned by tho city authori
ties until November 1. On that dato
holders' ot licenses must pay their
' argest Weekly Circulation Among
People tf IdbenM mi StoAg
11, 1689, at the Poet
of March 3, 117.
Office of Publication,
179 W. Waihlngton St., Chicago, III.
$2 Per Year In Advance.
second six months' installment for
licenses. There aro 0,039 saloon li
censes now in effect. How many ot
theso will bo dropped tho authorities
cannot catlmnto until tho checks bo
gin to nrrlvo.,
Deputy City Controller Loham de
clared tho city's yoarly rovonuo for
tho corporate fund from saloon and
nllicd licenses Ja $8,200,000 a year.
All of this would bo Bwopt away it all
BftloonB closed, ho said.
Aid. John A. Rlchort, chairman ot
tho flnanco' commlttoo; City Controller
Plko, and City Treasurer Smith aro
oxpeotcd to havo a conference next
wcok on tho financial situation tho
city will faco by at general closing ot
tm-aloona.-- "'V . - ',
MUST SEEK SOME
Tho annual gross Incomo of tho
boor nnd liquor Interests In Chicago
Is oBtlmatod nt $90,000,000. Tho two
prohibition measures, It Is predicted,
will forco 7,000 liquor retailors Into
other Industries, and compol 11,000
bnrtondors, 0,000 waiters, 1,000 iiiubI
clans, 4,500 browory workors, 8,000
nortorB. and 0,000 miscellaneous
workors In allied Industries to seok
MUST BUY BONDS
Men Who Are Patriotic Enough
to Run for Office Must Sub
scribe for Liberty Loan.
Candidates for ofllco In Cook County
must show rccolpts this year for sub
scriptions to tho Third Mborty Loan.
Tho minimum for ouch olllco 1b as
Representative in tho Legislature,
Stato Senator, 4 years, $2,000.
County Commissioner, 4 years, $4,-
President County Hoard, 1 yours,
Mombor of Congress, $2,000.
U. S. Sonntor, 0 years, $0,000.
Municipal Court Judges, fi yonra,
Sanitary District Trustees, 5 yonra,
County Judge, $5,000.
County Clerk, $5,000.
Prolmtn Judgo, $5,000.
Clork Probato Court, $5,000.
Clerk Criminal Court, $5,000.
County Treasurer, $10,000.
County Assessors, $5,000.
llonrd of Review, $5,000.
Comploto organization of tho Cook
county auxiliary of tho Stato Council
of Defense was auuouncod as fol
lows: Executive Commlttoo Samuol In
sull, chairman; Walter N. Wilson,
vlco chairman; Lewis E. Myers, sec
rotury; Durrldgo D. Butlor, Robort
E, Durham, Mrs: William S. Heffornn,
B. J, Mullanoy, Robort M, Swoltzor,
E. J. U. Ward, Walter II. Wilson.
Co-ordination Committee Robort
M. Swoltzor, chairman; Lowls E.
Myors, secretary j Thomas D. Knight,
Flnanco Commlttoo Wultor II.
Wilson, chairman; Herman Waldeck,
vlco chairman, Lowls E. Myers, sec
retary. Fuel Commlttoo Robort E. Dur-
ham, chnlrmnn; J. W. O'Lcnry, vlco
chairman; E. W. Lloyd, secretary.
Llconso Commlttoo E. J. E. Ward,
chairman; William A. Fox, vlco chair
man; J. II. Qlulck, secretary.
Neighborhood Commlttoo Lowls
E. Myers, chairman; Qcorgo W. Por-
Secretary of the State
kins, vlco chnlrmnn; Thoinna D.
Publicity Commlttco 11. J. Mulla
noy, chairman; William II. Culver,
U. S. Roys Working Resorvo Com
mlttoo Uurrldgo D, Hutlor, chair
mnn; Potor Flomlng, socrotary.
Woman's Commlttoo Mrs. Wil
liam S. Hoftornn, chnlrmnn; Mrs.
Grace Wilbur Trout, vlco chnlrmnn ;
Miss Emily Nalplornlskl, socrotary.
Choator A. Phillips & Co., tho well
known sales ongtnocrs, In tho Old
Colony Rulldlng, hnvo n national ropu
tntlon for efficiency and square denl
ing nnd no concern in tho country
furnlshos hotter locomotlvos, stonm
shovels, oxenvators, locomotive cranes,
railway cars, stool rails, railroad
powor, mining, shipbuilders und con
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
SATURDAY, SBPTEMUEll 34, 1918.
Republicans Polled Ten Votes to
Their One at the Primary
Democrats showed great npathy at
tho primary throughout thu StntoJTllo
Interest centered In tho Republican
fight for Senator.
The voto was approximately:
In tho Whole State. ;'.
Fosb . GO.000
In Cook County. I
Mcdlll McCormlck has won tho Re
publican nomination for United States
Senntor by nn Indicated plurality In
excess of 65,000 over Mnyor William
DowiiBtnto It was n lnndslldo for
McCormlck. Returns from moro than
one-halt tho 2,873 precincts outside
Cook county ludlcnto that ho has cur
ried tho downstato regions by a plu
rality In tho neighborhood of 75,000.
From Cairo to 'Aon City It has been
n clean swoop.
JOHN P. HOPKINS,
Council of Defense and the Best Mayor Chicago Ever Had.
Loud Demand That Finest East
and West Street on North Side
Be Made a Boulevard.
Addison street, tho longest, widest
nnd best streot running east and wost,
north ot tho Chicago rlvor, should bo
mado a boulovard.' It Is trco from
Btreot car tracks nnd Is tho only real
boulovard stroot lofts and connects
throo park systems.
Formor Aldorman P. F. Haynos nnd
City Treasurer Clayton F. Smith do
sorvo thanks for tho g'ood work thoy
aro doing for Addison boulevard.
Tom Caroy has beon endorsed for
Mayor by six Domocrntlo Ward Organizations,
THE NEXT MAYOR
Close of the Fall Primary Battle Opens
Up a Big Fight for Chief
Executive of Chicago
I l" III ! 1MM t
Botlf -Big Parties Havo a Host of Candidates
Tho-'closo of tho',Fnll prlmarybattlo
brings the light for tho mayoralty to
Uoth Democrats and Republicans,
nnd ovogy. faction In each party, have
n host otxcandldato3 who aro anxious
to get the nomination)
ILL IN PARIS
A Pnrls cable to tho Associated
Press says that Sonator James Hamil
ton Lowls of Chicago, who wns nmong
tho pnHRengers of tho torpedoed trans
port Mount Voi non, is suffering from
a chill, remitting from oxposuro whllo
carrying wounded mon from tholr
Congressman Thomns D. Schall nnd
Attorney John Cross of Provldenco,
R. I., were among thoso on board, Mrs,
Schall, tho wlfo of tho blind roproson
tutlvo from Minnesota, led her litis
bund up on deck und ncross tho ship
to tholr llfobont. Roth woro culm nnd
nctod ns though thoro wns no porll.
Tho return of tho damaged steamor
to port was n Joyous ,0110. Wounded
aoldlors woro singing patriotic songs
Entered as Secend Close Matter October 11, 1809, at the
Office at Chicago, llllnole, under Act of March 3, 1I7.
in rTraining and Fight
be a Hot One
to tho accompaniment of a negro sol
dier at tho piano, nil of them uncon
scious that thlrty-flvo men hud been
killed In tho englno room.
On Inndlng it was found thnt all tho
passengers had escaped Injury, al
though Sonntor Lowls wns slightly In
disposod as a .consequence of his work
ing with Insufficient clothing among
tho wounded soldiers whllo n cold rnlu
LABOR MEN NAME
Prcsldrnt John FlUpntrlck anil Sec-
viUry iVN. Kockels Of-Uio ChftiSSo
Federation of Labor wore renomi
nated for their rcnpcctlvo olllcos with
out opposition. Tho election will tako
place Scptombor 15. Other nomina
Oscar F. Nelson of tho post olllco
clorks, vlco president.
F. O. Hopp, financial secretary.
Thomas F. Kennedy, trousurcr.
W. S. McClonnthnn, rending clork.
C. A. Schroedor, sergeant at arms.
Exocutlvo bonrd: John C. Minor,
Annie Fltgorald of Women's Union
Labor I.engint, Elizabeth Maloney of
WaltioascH' union, J. A. Train, C. M.
Mtulsi'ii, Timothy Menry, John Car
roll, Charles Hold, Tobias Hollinan,
Albert Petorson, C. A. Robinson,
Jumes Loughrldgo nnd John Klkulskt.
Leglslativo commlttco: C. A. Tenso,
Stovo Stunner, V. A. Vnnco, Josoph
Morton, Honoro Jaxon, Win. lioyon,
A. C. Anderson, John Melstcr, Mark
Delegates to Illinois Fodoration of
I abor: Ooitrudo Stootzol, Anna Stag
lingo, ll. Hammond, William Quesse,
J llurolil, Hon Parker, Oeorgo May,
James Drown, Dan Rlordon, John Wnl
tors. C. M. Mudseu and J. Ferris.
Flnnnco committee: M. ). Phillip,
Ciortnulo Stootzol, Kllznboth Mulonoy.
Delegates to American Fcdorntlon of
Labor: Einmett T. Flood. Hnrnoy
Ilorlyn, R. O. Folchll and John Man
gen. TO TAX TEA AND COFFEE
A dispatch from Washington tmys
that tho president's ordor stopping
uiuiiufacturo of beor after pccenibor
1 will cut II00.U00.O00 a yenr from tho
$8,000,0(10.000 revenuo bill now pond
ing In the limine. Rovlslnn of the bill
und tho addition of consumption tnxes
on foffeo, ten, sugar und encou mny
bo necessary In order to mako up tho
Chairman Kltchln of tho ways anil
meaiiH committee mndo announce
nient to this effect In tho House whllo
oxplnliiiug tho revenue measure. He
Riilil thnt tho commlttco In preparing
tho bill had figured on an estimated
revenuo from tho Incrensed tax of
$0 n barrel a total of 2 10,000,000 for
tho twolvo month porlod. Tho com
mittee, ho snld, hud cnrefully nvolded
tho Imposition of nny "bronkfuat
tnblo" taxos, but now thoso probably
will becomo necessary to supply tho
amount which would hnvo been drawn
from tho beor tux.
Difficulties in tho wny of lovylng
consumption taxes nro vory grout, nc
cording to n compilation mado by Rep
resentative) Longwotth of Ohio, o
member of the commlttco. Even with
tho highest posslblo rates imposed
upon tho "brenkfnst tnblo" now, more
thnn $251,2 lfi.000,000 could ho rnlsod,
and this Is nearly $10,000,000 loss thnn
tho amount which was to havo boon
ylolded by tho boor tax. Mr. Long
worth's estimates nro ns follows,
Cofl'eo, Go a pound $ 03,000,000
Cocoa, 15o a pound 0,000,000
Tea, 20c u pound 20,000,000
Rubber, 10 por cont 19,000,000
WHOLE ITUMUElt 1508
Wool, 20 por cent (vory
Illdoa, 1G per cont 32,000,000
Sugar, nn extra cont a
Theso taxes would bo collected on
Imports. To rnlso nny moro from tho
samo sources n tax on retail snloa
would havo to bo Imposed.
When naked how soon tho increased
bovorago taxes would go Into effect,
Ropresontatlvo Kltchln sold:
"As soon as tho Sonnto passes tho
"Wo hope it will bo offoctlvo by
Novombor 1," ho Bald. "Wo think it
ought to bo pnsaed by October 15."
Philip J I. Gadsden, chairman of tho
national commlttco on public utility
conditions, has Indorsed tho pica of
tho utilities that tho president oxer
clco his right to fix rates with n view
to supply sudlclont incomo to koop
tho utllltlos In officlont condition far
Ho called attention to tho fact thnt
tho unification ot all industry In tho
Interests of tho war has sorvod tc
brlng out In bold relief how osaon
tint tho public utllltlos are In main
taining tho onorglos of tho nation In
"Upwards of CO por cont ot Indus
trial or factory power Is furnished by
public utilities," says Mr. Gadsden.
"Tho presont supply Is now unequal
to tho demand becauso of tho speed
ing up ot all Industries on account ot
"It Is stntod that practically nil of
tho high spood steel (tho so-called
olectrlc stcol) la now manufactured
through tho medium of oloctrlo fur
naces which aro largely operated with
oloctrlclty furnished by public utili
ties. "Uy reason of wnr orders, now in
dustrial contors nro being formed to
house tho army of now workors. thus
making tremendous domnnds on pres
ont oloctrlo railway sj stems, Upwards
of 80 por cont of tho fnctory employes
aro now transported dally by tho oloc
trlo street nnd Interurbnn railroads,
thoso railroads moving approximate
ly 20,000.000,000 passengers nnnually
"Tito public utilities must bo rolled
upon to furnish at least 20 por cent
of tho toluol necessary for tho prose
cution of tho Avar.
"Thoy must furnish Important short
haul freight sorvlco to rellovo tho
congested atoam railroad conditions
at terminals nnd industrial contors "
WATER METER GRAFT
Tho health nnd pocket uooKb ot tho
people nro ngaln menaced.
Tho water meter promoters urc
nt It ugnln.
This tlmo a section of tho dally
press Ir backing tho schome.
Wator motors moan less wator.
Loss wator means poor health.
Wator motors nro costly.
They nro unnecessary.
Tho man who proposos water mo
tors at this tlmo Is n traitor to tho
William O. Hnwklns. manngor for
tho big coal compnny of Richards k.
Sons, Is ono of tho most popular and
wldo nwako business men of tho city.
Ho Is a lender In tho trndo und all
who havo had biisluoss dealings with
him respect liltn,
Urget Weekly Ctmirticn Abus
Peoplo of Influence and Staufiaf