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title: 'Chicago eagle. (Chicago, Ill.) 1889-19??, January 04, 1919, Image 1',
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VriHrtd Steend Clat Matter October
Office at Chicago, llllnola, under Act
, THIRTIETH YEAR, NO.
DON'T BLAME HAM
Senator Lewis Is Being Charged by
Opponents With Party Responsi
bility for National Prohibition
And the Consequent Increase of Taxes in Chicago
Caused by Saloon Closing and
Loss of Revenue
Senator J. Ham Lowls Is going to
havo his own troublos as a candidate
(or mayor of Chicago.
In tho first place Chicago la not a
prohibition town and novor waa ono.
Thoro la a growing tooling ot sore
noss now over tho prohibition forced
on Chicago by tho Democratic statos
of tho South and tho wlld-oycd Dem
ocratic states of the Far West.
Ab Sonator Lowls is lookod upon
as tho Hotr Apparent of tho Consoli
dated Far Western and Southern
Democracy, Chicago taxpuyors arc
discussing his candidacy for mayor.
Tho saddling of $9,000,000 ot taxes
hcrotoforo paid into tho City Treas
ury by tho Baloons, browers, liquor
dealers and allied trades, upon tho
long Buffering and nlrondy ovcrbur-
ilnnml triYiifivuni. la nrnnulnl imunli In
, Tho sudden placing onr thy Teal
estate ninrkot of 9,000 vucnnt tnres
formerly occupied by theso Interests
does not Incrcaso tho hnpplnojs of
tho taxpaylng public of Chicago.
And tho throwing out of employ
nieiit of 40,000 mon counectod with
theso intorosts doos not add to tho
brilliancy of tho situation.
I REPORTS OF THE
Chicago contributed 4,330 now cltl
zonB to America during tho past year
by naturalization process. In addi
tion, 7,007 took a long step toward
tho goal of citizenship, by obtaining
second papors and 31,882 filed dec
larations of Intention. Altogether,
tho naturalization departments of the
Circuit and Suporlor courts hnd ono
of tho busiest yoars in their history,
breaking many rocords. In tho Cir
cuit court and Suporlor court, respec
tively, tho following rocords were
IN THE LEGISLATURE
Work of Illinois
Tho Illinois Legislature will moot
In Its' Fifty-first General Assembly
noxt Wcdnosday, January 8.
Considornblo legislation to readjust
conditions brought on by tho war la
Additional legislation will bo needed
to start work on tho $00,000,000 Hard
lloads project, for which tho peoplo
voted a bond Issuo at tho Novombor
oloctlon, with u vlow to furnishing
nftor-war employment, as well us giv
ing tho State a splendid systom of
roads. Tho LoglBlaturo will havo to
niako provision for tho election of
dologatos to tho Constitutional Con
vention ; will havo to consider pro
posed legislation to onablo tho Sani
tary District ot Chicago to dovolop In
creased water power; tako further
loglslativo action, if It is deomod ad
visable, to start work on tho proposed
$20,000,000 doep waterway connection
hetwoon Chicago and tho gulf; and
mako cortain amendments to tho Stato
Administrative Codo, which oxpori
onco haa shown to bo nocessary.
Tho matter of Chicago's financial
crisis,. growing partly out of tho fact
that Us rovenuo from saloon licenses
will bo cut oft next July, will also fur
nish a knotty subjoot for conBldora-
1 argest Wm&V Cbcvktim Aim
People ef hfcwT mi
11, 1889, at tha Peat Offlea ef Publication,
of March 3, 1I7. 179 W. Wathlngton St., Chicago, III.
$2 Per Year In Advance.
made: Filing of declaration ot lnton
tion papers, 16,991 and 14,891; taking
out of second papors, 3,181 and 3,886;
cltlzonshlp grantod, 2,010 and 2,326.
In tho Circuit court 10,113 suits woro
illed and rocolpts ot tho odlco woro
U74.138.75, ot which 2C,660 wont to
tho government for naturalization
fees. Tho surplus vnn ;44,U3. Ro
colpts of tho Suporlor court clork's of
fico woro 192,059, with a surplus or
119,983. Thoro woro 0,683 suits tiled.
Autnmobllo accidents caused tho
death of 328 porsons In Cook County
during tho last year, according to tho
report of Coroner l'oter M. Hoffman.
Moro peoplo committed sulcldo, how
ever, tho numbor of bucIi cubos re
ported bolng 477. Of tho totul num
ber ot deaths for which iuuuostn woro
'mid. l.Oin worn Hii (t.t-f i i '.jpn,,
from gas usphyxiutlon, X2ti from rail
road accidents, 200 homicides, 211
from burns and scahW Altogether
4,033 Inquests wcro held, i docrcaso
of 788 undor tho previous year. Tito
total earnings of tho olllco woro
$0,208,30. In tho coroner's laboratory
1,018 specimens were analyzed.
SURFACE LINE FARES
Boforo tho bUUo public utilities com
mission will grant n two-cent lncrcuso
In fares to tho Chicago Surfaco nines
tho companlos must baro all tholr
financial dealings boforo tho commis
Tho commission spont sovoral hours
listening to Leonard' A. Busby, head
of tho surfaco linos. Ho told how tho
wago Increase and rlso in the cost ot
materials had added f 1,500,000 a year
to tho oporatlng exponscs ot tho linos.
Ho said thoy woro losing $12,000 a
Waltor A. Shaw, ono of tho com
missioners, Insisted on moro detailed
(lguros. Ho domandod that tho linos
tlon, and It is said that othor Illinois
cities will ask for rovonuo legislation.
It Is oxpoctcd that swooping changes
in tho oloctlon laws will bo proposed
by tho stato commission which Is now
ut work upon that mutter, and nmond
mohts to tho pension laws will ulso
como boforo tho Legislature. Impor
tant bills will bo prosonted providing
for proposed roforms In court pro
coduro, with n vlow to placing tho ad
ministration of tho courts upon a
moro businesslike basis.
A Joint commltteo mado up of lead
ing clvio organizations ot Chicago 1ms
been at work for somo tlmo drafting
a comprohonslvo program covoring
legislation ueedod to improvo tho
city's govornmontnl machinery. This
program Is to bo taken up with tho
Chicago City Council and will bo pro
sonted to tho Qonoral Assombly in
tho form ot sopnrato bills.
It is oxpoctod that a voto will bo
takon early in tho session on tho Fed
oral Prohibition amondmont. It is
claimed by tho "drys" that this
amondmont will promptly bo ratified
by both branchos of tho Legislature
Of courso, tho first important mat
tor that will occupy tho attention ot
tho Houso will bo tho oloctlon of a
Sponkor, In vlow of tho enormous
mass of Important work which tho
General Assombly will havo to faco,
It Is oarnostly to bo hoped that tho
speakership oloctlon can bo deter
mined without frittering away valu
able tlmo in a deadlock, as was dono
at tho.sosslon ot tho Forty-ninth Qon
oral Assembly, when it took two
months to choose a Speaker,
produco tholr books and show all their
financial dealings. Tho hearing was
contlnuod to Jan. 13, to glvo tho linos
an opportunity to bring this report In.
Tho particular figures Mr. Shaw
wanted was tho agreement by which
tho linos rccelvo 10 per cent allow
anco for construction cost of cars,
supervising onglneorn' oxponsos, and
salaries paid olllclals nnd othor em
ployes. James M. Sheoan, ono of tho attor
neys for tho linos, wns not pleased
at tho delay. Ho said thoro was somo
bond intorest duo Fob. 1, and that if
tho Incrcaso was not grantod boforo
that tho lines faced serious financial
Charles E. Cleveland, special conn
sol for tho city In this hearlilg, said
thoro was llttlo uso of tho commis
sion hearing ovldonco on costs, as ho
contended that tho commission had
no powor to intorforo with tho C-cont
faro agroomont botweon tho city and
Mr. Uusby said ho did not nntlclpato
any loworlng of wages. Ho said whllo
tho war was over, cost of living con
tlnuod high nnd that thoro, was llttlo
prospect of a chango In this for somo
vurf?a'.,' :-''5s' iilllllllllllllHBBlBBBBir M'ilHitilllilllllliHilllllllBilBH
h i Vf flMilflflBHHflEPlfllflDfllfllfllfllfllfllfllfllfllfll
IlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllK r IflKfflSHWiiHIlilKSlHIIllllHi
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 10 1.
Committee of Citizens Will Pick
New Superintendent of
Tho noxt Superintendent of Schools
will bo chosen by a Committee of
Jacob M. Loob, president ot tho
board of education, announced tho
membership of tho commission fol
lowing weeks of search tor ropro
scntatlvo mon and women who aro
charged with solocttng tho best edu
cator In tho country for tho benoflt
of tho city's childron.
Hero Is tho porsonnol:
C. L. Hutchinson, vlco prosldont of
tho Corn Exchango National Hani:, di
rector Northern Trust Company, pres
ident ot tho Art Institute, and prom
inently Identified with many othor
civic and commercial interests.
Edgar A. Bancroft, lawyer and au
thor of authoritative works on so
Donnls F. Kelly, tnorchant, gcnoral
managor of Mandol Drothors and vlco
prcsldont of Firsf State Industrial
Wago Loan socloty.
Dorr 13. Felt, Inventor and manu
facturer and president of the Folt and
Tarrant Manufacturing company,
membor ot tho Public School league.
Thomas E. Ilurko, gonoral secretary
and treasurer ot tho Stcamfltters' and
Public-Spirited Citizen and Well Known Capitalist.
Plumbors' Union of tho Unltod States
and Canada, lawyor.
Mary Margaret Hartolmo, public
guardian of Cook county and Juvonllo
court ofllcor In charge oC delinquent
girls, ofllcer ot tho public safety com
mission of Chicago and Cook county.
Clnrcnco S. Darrow, nationally
known labor counsol, wrltor, and au
thority on social and oconomlo ques
tions. Isaac A. Abt, surgeon, former pro
fessor on tho subject of children's
dlseasos at Northwostorn university
and International authority on child
David' R. Lowls, vlco proaldont of
tho Continental Commercial National
bank amlpubllo school patron.
Tho dally papors aro again com
mencing to call on citizens to clean
tho city's sldowalks for thlr newsstands.
LABOR IS GASSED
Chicago Article Quits Business and
Forms a Political Party to Secure
the Jobs and Revenue
of tho Leading Attractions to the
ment Is a Tax of Four Dollars on
Labor ontcred tho field of politics
on Sunday with a dull thud.
Tho Independent Labor Party
sprang Into cxlstcnco on that day at
a mooting in tho hall at 175 West
Tho constitution, ot tho now party
is similar in many respects to tho
Socialist organization. Its mombors
must pay duos of ?l a year, for which
thoy will rocolvo tho official organ ot
tho party, whoso dobut was unnouncod
Its affairs will bo administered by
an executive commltteo of flfteon.
Chnrlos Dold International prosldont
of tho piano workors' organization nnd
former prosldont both of tho Chicago
and Illinois Federations of Labor,
was namod chairman of tho commlt
teo, and John Fltzpatrlck and K. N,
Nockols, socrotary of tho Chicago
fcdoratlon, woro named mombors.
Tho remaining thlrtoon aro .to bo
named by a committoo consisting ot
Dold, Fltzpatrlck, and Nockols.
Sunday, Jan. 12, tho party will hold
Its nominating convontlon, when can
didates for all offices to bo electod In
April will bo named. Sontlmont was
unanimous for Fltzpatrlck for mayor,
and ho said ho would run if namod.
Tho local platform ot tho party,
adopted in addition to tho national
Entered ai Secend Clan Matter October 11, 1S39, at tto
Office at Chicago, llllnola, under Act of March 8, 1171.
platform announced somo tlmo ago,
assorts tho Labor party "ban boon or
ganized to break tho powor of rapa
cious public utility corporations,
greedy big business Intorosts and re
actionary nowspapors, which now
domlnato our public llfo"; also to
"establish gonulno domocrncy In nil
After condemning tho corporations
and local street car companies, tho
platform charges tho old parties with
wastage of tho public funds, and' as
sorts that "big business rulos Chi
cago." Itoforms advocated aro:
Municipal ownership of all public
utilities, particularly surfaco and olo
vatcd railways, gas and electric light
Democratization of the public ncliool
rvinta, 'ivro!p'n,,hi-"fc? rcJ'V
board ropfosentlng tho pioplo vhnto
children nttund school, which v. ill ad
inhibitor tho schools to dnvolop free,
Independent Americans rather than
docllo workers for big business.
Hotter health and sanitation condi
tions on tho theory that it Is bettor to
provont sickness than provldo u cure.
Full recognition of union labor In
all departments of city government;
tho olulit hour day and forty hour
wcok with increases In wages to cor
respond with increases In living costs.
Police to bo kopt uoutrnl In Indus
trial disputes; no Intorfcronco with
Sanitary and comfortable homes
for every family In tho city to bo built
by tho city and sold at cost.
ItelentlcHs war against all Insani
tary bakeshop kltchons, workshops
Electrification of all steam roads en
tering tho city.
Uovelopmont of all parks, play
grounds, forest prosorves nnd gym
nasiums and provision for bettor
transportation to tho lake front.
Reduction In tho cost of living by
tho establishment ot municipal whole
sale and rotall markets.
Just taxation nnd sound system of
financial accounting that will pre
vent wasto ot funds on usoless offices;
tax dodging by tho wealthy to bo
stopped and big busluo3S forced to
pay Its sharo of tho burden,
Fullest measure of homo rulo that
tho peoplo may sottlo tholr local prob
lems without outside Interference.
Tho convention waB called to order
by Mr. Fltzpatrlck, Its chairman. Ho
doscrlbed tho need for tho now party,
denounced tho old pnrtles as boss rid
don nnd capitalist controlled, and de
THE CITY 00
Important Public Business Before
the Chicago Board of Aldermen
At Monday's City Council mooting
City Comptroller IMIto submitted
figures to show that If tho city noxt
year must oporato on tho monoy It
will rccelvo from taxes and othor
rovonuo bonusos tho following
changes will result:
Tho Pollco Dopartment will havo to
bo roducod moro than half.
Tho Firo Dopartment will havo to
bo roducod almost two-thirds.
Tho Hoalth Dopartmont will be cut
down over halt.
Street cleaning and garbago and
ashes romovnls would bo curtallod
about GO por cont.
Stroot lighting would bo curtnilcd
almost SO por cont.
Bathing boachos, parks and play,
grounds would havo to bo run on 20
per cont loss.
Cuta In appropriations for minor ac
tivities woro also pointed out in tho
Bstimatos. Tho Council flnanco com
mltteo plans to chango many of tho
Instead of carrying out tho comp-
trollor's roductlou plans for tho pollco
WHOLE NUMUEll 15131
clared tho volco of labor could find
adequato uttorancoa only through Its
own political medium.
Sccrotary Nockols spoko along sim
ilar linos. Tho constitution wan
adopted unanimously, with practically
.no discussion. Tho platform, pre
pared, as was tho constitution, by tho'
promoters of tho party, mainly lead
ers in tho Chicago federation, wan
Miss Margaret flaloy, who was pres
ent as n dclegato from tho Women's
Trndo Union league, addressed tho
convention and urged unity of pur- '
poso. Sho denouncod tho dally press
and tho Interests sho charged con
Tho headquarters of tho party will
bo on tho third floor of tho Federation
building, 100 Wost Washington street,
WANT HULL FOR MAYOR
A boom haR been stnrted for Morton
1). Hull for mayor.
"Senator Hull could do moro for
Chicago than any man mentioned thus
far," said a prominent leader who for
obvious reasons asked that his namo
bo not used. , "Ho Is a recognized
leader In tho stato senate and will
tako a prominent hand In legislative
affairs at Springfield this wlntor In
which Chicago Is vitally Interested.
If ho would consent to run for mayor
ho could servo out tho session of tho
legislature boforo taking his soat or
until tho Important work Is dono at
Springfield. Ho Is In a position to
havo u big influonco In tho prelim
inaries of tho stato constitution nnd
ho has tho ability to put boforo tho
convention Chicago's caso. Sonator
Hull, In addition to bolng a lawyor
and a good debater, is a business man
of wldo oxperlenco. Ho fits tho situa
tion." Although Senator Hull was a candi
date for governor against Frank O.
Lnwdon In tho 1010 primary, It Is
known that tho stato oxccutlvo holds
11 in In high ostoom and thoy aro on
tho bofit of tonus. Senator Hull's col
leagues In tho sennto say thoy look
to him to help In tho leadership and
in tho organization ot tho upper
branch of tho gcnoral assombly thin
The city should clean tho streets
from lot lino to lot lino. The onlj
streots tho city clonus aro In the tax
and flro departments, tho commltteo
pl.ins to reduce Uiom only about 2u
per cent, and mako deep cutr. In tho
corporation conusors ofllco and othor
Chairman Hlchert said:
"The city ncedb police, flro and
health protection moro than anything
else. I bollovo tho ndmlnlstrativo of
fices should bo forced to suffer thu
burden, oven though such action Is
going to work a tromendous hardship.
"If wo give tho pollco, flro and
hoalth departments tho same amount
of monoy iu 1910 thoy had In 1918, tho
only positions which will bo provided
Jn tho 1919 budget will bo oloctlvo
ones and thoso which must remain to
transact necessary businoss."
Largest Weekly Gradation A f
People of Influenee awl Sfawdbej