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flME: CHICAGO E1AOLK,
fjc Cijtcngo (Eagle
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
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and Wettt St.
HENRY F. DONOVAN, Editor and Publiiher
Kntr4 M Send CIm Matter October
11. Ill, at the root Offler at CMeaco, Ml
aolt. under Ar t March I, 1I7.
EST'n ISHED OCTOBER 5, 1889
aorporated Vader the Law of tlllnoie.
rounded br UENItT F. DONOVAN.
Tha Chicago Eaola, nwappr
far all claitei ot reader, It devoted
to National, Stats .and Local Pol.
Itlcei to (no publication ot Mu
nicipal. State, county una san-
Itery Olttrlet newt to comment
E ptosis in pu
ilehill and 5
baoole In public liroi to ciean
ublleatlon of Qanaral Information
Sporta, and to the
f Public Irtterett. Financial, Com
merelal and Political.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1919.
THE FIFTH LOAN.
Tho Fifth Government Loun, which
Is to be distributed to the peoplo noxt
spring, will find Amcrlcanu In nil
wnlks ot life In particularly go'id shape
to partlclpnto largely. '
This, It Is pointed out by tho Gov
ernment authorities, In fortunate, for
Uncle Sam will have to ask for n very
largo amount in order to meet his re
maining military outlays. The pro
ceeds of tho Fourth Liberty Loan were
nil exhausted by December 1, nnd
since then the Government has been
borrowing money from tho banks to
meet its current bills. Thcso have
been heavier since the signing of tho
nrmlstlco tlinn before, as tho liquidat
ing of the war machine necessarily
entailed a considerable augmentation.
Tho American peoplo in the first
three Government loans, furnished tho
money with which to construct tho
war machine. Tho Fourth loan saw
It well Into tho victorious drive, that
ended tho war. But tho cbicjudlng
battles, tho weeks of cxpcnslvo delay
slnco tho nmisttce, tho bringing homo
' of tho men who are to bo discharged,
and tho liquidating of tho war con
tracts must nil bo paid for wltli monoy
to bo rasled In n fifth great popular
The record ot business failures In
the .United States for tho year 1918
shows that American business men
are In splendid shape to make largo
subscriptions to tho Fifth Loan. Tho
twolvo months Just closed say only
9,982 fnllures. This compares with
13,855 In 1917, 16,933 In 1910, nnd 22,
150 In 1915. This shows, for 1918, n
C5 decrease. Tho total Is tho
smallest slnco 1899, whon thero woro
9,337 failures. By reason of tho
grent Incrcaso In tho Number of busi
ness houses In tho country slnco
1899, tho 1918 failures nro rolatlvoly
oven much smaller than then.
Formers everywhere nro making
tho greatest returns In history.
Wheat Is pegged nt ?2.20 nnd tho
Government is also practically guar
anteeing the price of hogs and corn.
Among wage onrnors, dosplto tho
high cost ot living, thero is n marked
general prosperity. Tho nvorngo
yearly wage of tho United States
Steel Company employes Is now $1,
574, against $905 in 1913 nnd $009 in
1902, a 120 percent increaso. Tho In
crease in tho last flvo years is 74.
Common labor, receiving ?2 a day bo
foro tho war, now gets from ?3.G0 to
$5, Skilled men now got on tho
average from ?6 to ?20 n day and fow
got as much ns $75 a day. In tho
Seattle shipyards mon nro getting $18
Railway wages hnvo been advanced
$700,000,000 per annum In tho last
year, following a $100,000,000 advance
given by the Adamson law. The for
lowing table shows tho rolativo pay,
in 1914 nnd now and may ho taken
as n minimum of tho advances In
nearly all flolds of employment.
Ofllco boy, per wcek..$ 8.00 ? 13.40
Minor station ngont, s
per month 74.75 182.00
Bnggago man, por
month 72.80 144.10
Drawbrldgo deck hand 90.00 188.28
Car repairer or black
smith, per day 5.22 9.52
Plain carman, per day.. 4.02 8.12
Ticket clerk, per month 72.80 122.11
Ticket clerk nnd tolo
phono operator, por
month 75.83 182.00
Out In tho country, farm hands who
used to be happy over $30 a month
with hoard, nro now gottlng as much
as $8 a day.
Tho cost of living has, obviously,
taken up much of tho gain in wages
and profits ovorywhoro, but thero Is
still left a handsomo margin. The
public, in 1914, could have bought
bonds in tremendous amounts and
slnco then, taking the country by and
large, profits and wages have mounted
more than living coats. Whon tho
FJfth Loan Ih offered to tho public In
the spring, Uncle Sam will bo do
cidedly unwilling to accept any plea
of inability to subscribe.
iK,7 ,:"w ISvssaTv vj. $ V' ";ibbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbi
Vice President of the Iroquois
THEATERS ROB PUBLIC
A subcommittee of the council com
mittee on Judiciary, appointed nt a
meeting of the committee Tuesday
afternoon, is preparing to begin an
Investigation ns to the failure of tho
police department to enforco tho
scalping ordinances. The subcom
mittee consists of Aldermen Fetzcr,
Steffen nnd Kostnor.
Whon the resolution calling for tho
inquiry enmo up for discussion on
Tuesday Aid. Powers declared that ho
paid $12 for two tickets for Now
"You'ro not the only ono," remarked
Aid. Coughlln. "It cost mo $8 for two
"Yes, nnd I paid $3.50 apiece," said
Efficiency Bureau Opposes Pri
mary for Constitutional Con
vention. Tho following resolution fuvorlng
non-partisan election ot delegates to
tho constitutional convention has been
adopted by tho trustees of tho Chicago
Bureau of Public Eincloncy:
"Whercns, it is of tho utmost lm-
portnnco that tho delegntos elected to
tho forthcoming constitutional con
vention of Illinois shall bo men of spe
cial fitness for their work, in order
that It may bo well dono nnd may in
spiro public confldenco; nnd
"Whorens, tho nomination of dele
gates at partisan primaries will tend
to result in tho selection of men who
nro not spoclnlly fitted for tho work
of tho convention, which should not
bo pormltted to bocomo partisan; nnd,
"Whereas, tho nomination ot candi
dates by potltlon Is likely to sccuro
tho election of men of grcntor ability
and fitness, nnd nlso will bo tho most
economical method; thcrcforo bo it
"Resolved, That tho trustees of tho
Chicago Bureau of Public Efllclcncy
Join with tho Citizens' Association nnd
other civic organizations In urging
tho Illinois legislature to provldo for
tho election of delegates to tho consti
tutional convontlon upon a non-partisan
CAREY A STRONG
Tho fooling is growing that Tom
Caroy is tho logical Democratic enndi
dato for Mayor of Chicago,
Ho belongs to no faction.
Ho is controlled by no clique
Ho is forceful.
Ho is fearless.
He is honest.
Ho has nothing to conceal.
Tho longer tho cnmpalga tho
stronger ho will bo,
Under presont conditions ho ap
pears to bo tho ideal candldato.
Dixon C, Williams, ono of tho finest
orators in tho Democratic party Is
growing In popularity. Ho would
mako nn Ideal mombor of congress If
ho would consent to run for tho ofllco.
Frank Rice, general manngor of tho
Benjnmln Electric Company, is ono of
the progressive young business men
of Chicngo. Ho Is respected and pop
ular with everybody.
Tho Vosuvlo Italian Restaurant on
the second floor nt 123 North Clark
street is desorvedly popular. Its cui
sine Is of tho best nud its managor,
Eduardo Vitrone, is ono of tho most
capable restaurant men in tho United
George W. Paimin, the great Mr
i1er, has made a business record for
honety and Integrity that wlna for
him hoU ot friends.
AdolphKrauslsanraysla the lead a
rery moTtment for the battanaeat
ot condition la Caleago.
John R. rota, the chief deputy eoV
lector of customs, it a moat eUdeat
aid to Collector McNeill
Club nnd Prominent Lawyer.
John W. Eckhnrt, tho well known
flour merchant, who has boen re
elected to the board of directors of
the Iroquois club was formerly presi
dent of that organization, nnd is ono
of its most staunch and active mem
bers. Mr. Eckhnrt was born in West
Bend, Wisconsin, nnd slnco 1873 has
been engaged In tho flour busi
ness In Chicago. Ho is president
of John W. Eckhnrt & Company nnd
Is a mombor of several clubs besides
tho Iroquois, Including tho Chicago
Athletic Association, tho Illinois Club
nnd tho Lnko Beulah Country Club.
Ho lias n beautiful summer homo at
Lako Beulah, Wis. Mr. Eckhart is a
very active and vnluod member of tho
Chicago Plan Commission. Ho norved
for years as n member ot tho school
board and was vice president of that
Judge John U. Cnvorly gives gen
eral satisfaction to tho public in tho
Municipal Court and grows moro
popular ovcry day.
G. W. Hales, tho senior mombor of
tho big elovator nnd grain firm of
Hales & Edwards, is ono ot tho most
populnr members of tho Bonrd of
Trade. Respected by everybody bo
causo of his ability and clean business
methods and a thoroughly progres
siva and public Spirited cltizon,
many pooplo think tlint ho would
mnko an ideal mayor of Chicago if
ho would consent to mnko tho raco.
But Mr. Hales has no political aspira
Flvo bills for stato legislation to
bo nsked by tho city wero prepared
by tho law department. Tho (bills
A city managor.
Changes in tho method of select
ing city controller, city clerk nnd
Consolidation of tho duties nnd of
fices of city controller nnd city
Nonpartisan election ot nldormon.
Consolidation of locnl governments,
A special commlttco on stato legis
lation will pass on tho bills heforo
tho council Is nBkcd to act on them.
John Barnott's popular cafo at
Broadway nnd Wnvoland avenue is tho
polltlcnl center of tho Twenty-fifth
wnrd. Judges and Fodoral, Stato,
'. County and City officials and loaders
of all partlos mako It n meeting place.
Clayton F. Smith is a Democrat
who grows in favor every day, Ho
would mako a good mayor of Chicago
for all tho pooplo.
Charles Molltor, a recognized leader
in tho machlnory trndo, is ono of Chi
cago's leading and most reliable busi
ness mon. His name is honored
wherever ho Is known.
Tho fusion idea Is cropping out in
tho nldermanlc contoats. In tho 17th
wnrd roports aro that prominent re
publicans nro booming John Kownlski
for aldorman, although ho is a demo
crat in national politics. Mr. Kownl
ski is with tho Walton Express and
Coal company unci Is considered woll
qualified for nldormnnic duties. Ho
was actlvo at Washington in aiding in
working out tho fuel situation last
wlntor. Aid. Stanloy Adnmkiowlcz,
domocrnt, is tho outgoing councilman
In tho 17th ward and it is urged that
Kownlski Is tho typo about whom
fusion could be effected.
Tho Fort Donrborn National Bank
reports not earnings of $582,549 for
1918, nftor reserving $150,000 for fed
eral taxes. This Is equal to 19.41 per
cent on tho $3,000,000 cnpltal stock.
Aldorman William P. Ellison of tho
Twontysecond Ward is making a
good record in tho city council. Tho
pooplo aro talking about him tor
Tho daily papers are again com
mencing to call on citizens to clean
tho city's sidowalks for their news
stands, The city should clean tho streets
from lot line to lot lino. Tho only
streets the city cleans aro in the tax
The British court circular makec
tho following stntement: "The king
has glndly consented to tho betrothal
,of Princess Pntrlcla of Connatight to
Commander Alexander Ramsey, broth
er of tho carl of Dnlhotisle." Princess
Patricia of Connnught Is n daughter
of the duke of Connnught, former gov
ernor general of Canada, and n cousin
of King George. She is in her early
thirties nnd long 1ms been u favorite
In court circles In England nnd Gun
ndn. Known hb Princess Pnt, sho has
been regarded as tho most populnr of
tho younger members of British roy
alty. Several times she has been re
ported betrothed. The king of Spain,
Lord Anglesey, tho count of Turin nnd
Grand Duke Mlchal of Russia wero
among those to whom nt various times
tho princess was said to be engaged.
One of Cnnnda'a most famous regi
ments, tho "Princess Pat." Is snon-
eored by the princess, who Is tho honorary colonel In chief.
Alexander Robert Mimic Ramsey Is n cnmmnnilor In the royal navy, lie
was born In 1881, tho son of tho thirteenth earl of Dnlhousle. Ho served
with tho British forces In tho Dardanelles In 1014, nnd wns awarded tho
Distinguished Service Order.
NEW DOCTRINE BY
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to place tho senate on record us favoring tho postponement of consideration
of n league of nations nnd the freedom of tho seas question until after tho
settlement of tho Immcdlato Issues of tho grent war nt the pcaco conference.
A striking trlbuto to the courngo
nnd skill of Brig. Gen. Douglns Mac
Arthur, commanding tho Eighty-fourth
brlgado of tho Forty-second (Rainbow)
division, wns given by Maj. Gen.
Charles T. Menoher, formerly in com
mnnd of tho division, In n letter to
General Pershing, urging for n second
time the promotion of General Mac
Arthur to tho runic of major general.
It reviews tho record of General
MncArthur and dUglcfes that tho
young ofllcer, n major of engineers
when tho United 'States entered tho
wnr, has been twlco wounded, has
been decorated by both tho French
unci American governments for per
sonnl gallantry In action, nnd In addi
tion has been twice recommended for
tho French Legion of Honor.
"Tho contributions mndo to our
military establishment by this general
ofllcer already hnvo had far-reaching
effects," writes General Menoher. "Ho
has stood for tho nctunl physical command of largo bodies of troops In battle,
not for a day, but for days' duration, nud I bellcvo has actually commanded
larger bodies of troops In the battle lino than nny other ofllcer In our uriny
with, In ench Instance, conspicuous success.
"Ills efforts have been untiring, uninterrupted nnd without tho least re
gard for Ills perssonal safety."
:trn Npitxr Union
If she Is to piny her proper part In tho protection of small nntlons, tho preser
vation ot the freedom of tho sens for them and for tho world ut largo, must
have a navy that will bo as powerful as that of any nation In tho world."
WISCONSIN UNIVERSITY PRESIDENT
Dean Edward Asahel Blrgo has
been elected president of tho Univer
sity of Wisconsin ut a (special meeting
of tho board of regents. Ho succeeds
Charles R. Van Hlso, who died No
vember 10. Dean Blrgo will servo for
two years, when ho expects to retlro
at tho ago of twenty.
Ho wns born nt Troy, N. Y Sep
tember 7, 18.11, nnd graduated from
Williams collego In 1873. Later ho
won degrees from Harvard and tho
Western University of Pennsylvania.
Ho beennio an Instructor nt tho
University of Wisconsin In 187G nnd
rondo his way up to deun of tho col
lego of letters and sclenco In 1011 nnd
vice president of tho university. Ho
wns acting president of tho university
from 1000 to 1003, and has been di
rector of tho geological and natural
history survey of Wisconsin slnco
1807. Ho is a member of a number
sl -nlnnllflj. en.lnHAll fPJl ,1 TTn I t.natf t.
of Wisconsin is one ot the largest educational Institutions of tho
having In 1017 Instructors to tho number ot 727 and 7,024 students.
Senator P. C. Knox of Pennsyl
vania, formerly secretary of state, has
propounded to tho sennto a new Amer
ican doctrine in International affairs.
Holding that Washington's caution
ngalnst entangling foreign alliances
should not mllltnto ngalnst n closo as
sociation of the United States nnd
other grent nations for world welfare,
nnd that his proposal would strengthen
tho Monroe doctrine, the senator enun
ciated his new doctrine thus:
"If n situation should nrlso In
which any power or combination of
powers should directly or Indirectly
menaco tho freedom and pcaco ot Eu
rope, tho United Stntes would regard
such sltuntlon with grave concern ns n
menaco to Its own freedom nud penco
nnd would consult with other powers
nffected with n view to concorted ac
tion for tho removal of such menace."
Tho Pennsylvania senator spoko
In support of hi resolution, proposing
titrn wwtppf union
Admiral William S. Sims, com
mander of tho American fleet In Euro
pean waters, will bo relloved of his
present duties to assumo tho presl
dency of tho United Stntes Naval War
college nt Novvport, II. I., r is an
nounced by Secretury Daniels. It is
expected that Admiral Sims will toko
up his new post.
Secretary Daniels has asked for
tho naval war collego twlco tho ap
propriation of last year. Plans hnvo
been mndo for Its comprehensive ex
pansion until its work reaches oHlcers
throughout the fleet.
Secretary Daniels Is now prench
ing tho necessity for tho largest navy
In tho world for tho United Stutcs. Ho
"Suppose tho powers do not now
ngreo to curtail armament? Then It Is
entirely obvious to all thnt tho United
States, if sho Is to reallzo her destiny
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W. O. DUNTLEY.
President of the Big Dunttey-Dayton Company Who Is Often Mentioned for
Mayor of Chicago.
THE CWM0N COUNCIL
Full Lilt of Aldermen Compet
ing the Governing Body of
the City of Chicago.
Following are the namei of the al
dermen compoilng the City Council:
1 John J. Coughlln .....Dem.
Mlchaol Konna Dom.
2 Robert R. Jackson Rop.
Louis B. Anderson Rop.
3 U. S. Schwartz Dom.
Gcorgo F. Illff Dom.
4 John A. RIchort Dom.
David R. HIckoy Dom.
C Robort J. Mulcahy Dem.
Joseph B, McDonough Dom.
6 Willis O. Nanco Rop.
A. A. McCormlck Rop.
7 Guy Guernsey Rop.
William R. Fctzor Rep.
8 Martin S. Furman Dom.
Ross A. Woodhull Dom.
9 Sheldon W. Govlor Dom.
Charles V. Johnson Soc.
10 Jamoa McNichols Dom.
Frank Klaus Dom;
11 Herman Krumdlck Dem.
E. F. Cullorton Dom.
12 Joseph I. Novak Dom.
Otto Kornor Dem.
13 John G. Homo Dom.
Thomas J. Ahorn Dem.
14 Josoph H. Smith Dora.
Gcorgo M. Maypole Dom.
15 Oscar H. Olson Rop.
Edward J. Kalndl Dom,
10 John A. Plotrowskl Dom.
Stanloy II. Kunz Dom.
17 S. S. Walkowiak Dom.
Stanloy Adnmklowlcx Dem.
18 M. F. Kavanagh Dem.
John J. Tuohy Dem.
19 James B. Bowler Dem.
John Powors Dom.
20 Matt Franz Dom.
Henry L. Fick Dom.
21 Earl J. Wnlkor Rop.
Robert H. McCormlck Rep.
22. John II. Bnuler Dom.
William P. Ellison Dom.
23 Wnltor P. Stoffon Rop.
Thomas O. Wallace.-, Rop.
24 John Hadorloln Dom.
Frank F. Rocdnr Dom.
25 Frank J. Link Rep.
Henry D. Capltaln Rop.
26 Gcorgo Protzel Rop.
William F. Lipps Rep.
27 Oliver L. Watson Rep.
John C. Kennedy Soc.
28 Max Adamowskt Dom.
Harry E. Littler Rop.
29 Thomas F. Byrne Dom.
John Hrubeo Rop,
30 William R. O'Toolo Dem.
Wm. J. Lynch Dom.
31 Terrenco F. Moran Dem.
James A. Long Pern.
32 John H. Lylo Rop.
Albort J. Fishor Rop,
33 Albort O. Andorson Rop.
Irwin R- Hazen Rep.
34 John Toman Dem.
Josoph O. Kostner Dom.
35 'Thomas J. Lynch Dem.
John S, Clark Dom.
Tho best placo in Chicago to buy
diamonds, ns overybody knows, is at
T. N. Donnolly & Co.'a., 24 N. Donr
born stroot. For over forty years this
woll known and rollablo houso has
boen at tho head ot tho diamond trado
of Chicago, and tho prices nro al
ways roasonablo for tho host goods
on tho market.
Judge Thomas T, Scully has made a
splendid rocord la the County Court
The people have confidence la him
and their confidence has never been
misplaced, either when the judge was
on the Municipal benoh or la hie pres
ent responsible position.
The Oliver typewriter is praised by
all who havo used It.
WUIasa H. asaua, ike popilar tor
seer seaator aaa alderaaa, is at tke
aea4 of the klg paella oatraatiac
taotW.K, Wsaa G.
DAR FOR 1919
Jnn. 27, 1919. First day to fllo pri
Feb. 4 Registration for February
Feb. 5, 1919 Last dny for filing
Feb. 5 and C Canvass by clerks.
Fob 25 Primary for city offices.
March 1, 1919 Last day to fllo with
tho county clerk independent peti
tions for Judgo ot tho Superior court
of Cook county and commissioner ot
March 7, 1919 Last day to fllo with
tho city clerk Independent petitions
for mayor, city treasurer, city clerk,
judgo of municipal court (to All va
cancy), and aldcrmon.
March 11 Registration for city
April 1 City election nnd tho elec
tion of ono Suporior court judgo in
A number ot Chicago banks havo
agreed to lend tho bonrd of educa
tion C,000,000 for running oxponscs
until next April, whon tho tax monoy
will bo coming In. Already ?000,000
has boon advanced, so tho tcachors
can havo their pay boforo Christmas. ,
Tho details of tho loan havo not boon
decided on, nccordlng to Gcorgo. M.
Reynolds, representing tho bankors.
The bonrd of education will Issuo tax
anticipation warrants as security.
FROM LOT LINE
Tfl LOT LINE
As City Owns All of Street It
Should Clean Sidewalks
Tho city claims tho ownership ot
tho stroots from lot lino to lot lino
and nil obstructions on tho sidowalks
from nows stands to snow aro thero
with Its permission. It rents spaco on
sidowalks at Its own sweet will. It
should, thoroforo, keop tho sidowalks
as woll as tho rost of tho streets clean.
But It does not. Tho monoy that tho
city should spend on tho cleaning of
dirty sidowalks is wastod on 12,000,000
worth of unnecessary Job holdors.
Thomas J. Webb Coffeo, sold In
cans at 39 centB por pound, Is tho
housowito's standard for excellent
quality. It is tho coffeo that Is popu
lar with overybody who has ovor used
Frank Weeger, the well kaowa
brewer and business man, Is talkea ec
for Stato Auditor and State Treasurer,
He would All either position welL
if you wish
for a brand new
The price now is only
$49 instead of $100.
This 51 per cent sav
ing comes through new
economical sales plans
and vastly increased
Over 600,000 Olivers sold.
If any typewriter is worth
$100, it is this splendid new
Telephone today, Randolph 500.
A representative will show you
an Oliver Nine and give full de
tails without obligation to you.
The Oliver Typewriter Company
B-Jl OllTtr TjrptwrlUr Bid., CUwga
-J..U J.-A i , i tr1"". -ft.1.. -
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