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179 WEST WASHINGTON ST.
Telephone Main 3913
Southeast Coi.ter Washington St.
and Weill St.
HENRY F. DONOVAN, Editor and Pufcliihtf
Entered m 8eid ClkM Matter October
It. lit, at the ItMt OOlte at Chleaio. lilt
iol. under Ar- 1 March I. 1ST.
EStBI JSHED OCTOBER S, ISM
orporated Uader the Law of Illinois.
rounded by hKNHY T. DONOVAN.
The Chleaoo Eaole, a newapapar
(or all classes of readers, Is devoted
to National. State and Local Pol
itics) to the publication of Mu
nicipal, State, County and San
itary District news) to comment
en people In public llfei to dean
ftaseball and Sports, and to the
publication of Qeneral Information
of Public Jnterest, Financial, Com
merclal and political.
SATURDAY, MARCH 15, 1919.
COUNCIL FIGHTS MUNICIPAL
VOTERS' LEAGUE AT MON-
DAY'S CITY COUNCIL
The Municipal Voters League nnd
similar organizations were linked
with charges that wealthy interests
were seeking to gain control ot the
city government through bills recom
mended by the City Council commit
tee on legislation.
The- measures would provide:
Nonpartisan or partisan election of
fifty nldermcn for fifty wards instead
of the present number of seventy for
the thirty-live wards, nnd the recall
Appointment of mayor, city treas
urer nnd city clerk by tho Council.
Four year terms for nldermcn at a
salary not to exceed 85,000.
Alderman John H. Lyle, reform
leader, led the attack on tho meas
ures. He said:
"These bills arc another exnmplo
of the efforts of wealthy prlvato in
terests to run tho city's affairs. Thoy
wcro not hatched In tho City Council,
but were offered here for approval
beforo they nro sent to tho Legisla
ture. "Thoy would centralize tho govern
ment Into tho hands of n few. Of
course, you can seo how onsy It
would be for theso Interests to liavo
a mnjorlty of tho council meet In tho
Union Lcaguo Club and there mnko
selection ot tho mayor.
"That Is Just what thoy want.
Thoy can moro easily handlo their
hnntl-plcketl mayor than nn oxecu
tlvo delected by tho people Thoy
smack ot tho tnctlcs ot tho Municipal
Votors' League Lot mo toll you my
experience with that organization.
"Shortly after I camo to Chicago
I got u Job with tho league. Thoy
sont mo out to look up a candidate
for nlderman. I asked whom I should
soo to lparn who nnd what that can
dlilato was. They told mo to drop
into a certain saloon.
"After looking around tho placo I
called up tho ofllco and asked who In
the saloon I should ask for. Thoy
told mo to ask for Mr. Porter (moan
ing tho snloon porter).'
Congressman Nells Juul happened
to bo sitting on tho rostrum with
Mayor Thompson. Calling tho coun
cil attention to tho visitor, Aldor
man Lyle continued:
"Thero is n man who was mnllgned
nnd slandered by a fow narrow
minded, pin-headed men who called
themselves tho National Security
League. Hecauso tho congressman
and several others did not voto tho
way this longuo wanted they started
out to ruin his reputation. You novo
noticed, though, thut Congress has
just exoiiorntcd him and oxposcd his
After Alderman Lyle had made ref
erence to Alderman It. H. McCormick,
bonollciary of tho McCormick cstato,
McCormick, pointing at Lylo, shouted
"I am Just as much on tho square
as Lylo and oven moro so. Ills ret
eronco to mo is unfair and uncalled
for When he tnlks of exclusive cir
cles ho must havo been shut up in a
room surrounded by a stono wall."
Alderman Coughlln assorted:
"Theso bills moroly show tho pow
er of corporations. They ore being
fostered by men drunk with success
nnd monoy. Thoy want everything
contrallzcd becauho thoy can deal bet
tor with a few than with many."
Alderman Itichort Interjected that
tho measures would savo tho city
$800,000 annually In olectlon txponso
' Democratic government is high
but it Is tho government by and for
tho peoplo don't forget that," re
POLES FOR SWEITZER
Thomas Kasporskl, tho i oil-known
former County Commissioner and
popular Polish Democratic leader in
tho Eleventh Ward, predicts a solid
polish-American vote for Swnltzcr at
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ALDERMAN JOHN POWERS.
Who Deserves Re-election to t he City Council on His Record.
(Continued from I'ngo 1.)
recommendation for compensation as
submitted to the President by tho
Postmaster Genera! was substantial
ly In accord with tho Hell System's
"There Is nn absolute nnd linmu
tnblo relation between tho total cost
ot production of any commodity or
service nnd tho total costs of tho fac
tors or elements which contributo to
production. This Rounds so common
place that It seems useless to stato
it. It would nlso seem unnecessary
to stnto that tho price at which any
service can bo continuously sold is
governed by tho cost at which it can
be continuously produced, nnd yet
tho public have, without nny consis
tency with their Individual prnctlco
In their other activities persistently
dlsrcgaidcd these truisms nnd re
slated tho application of them to
charges for tho service of public
utilities of necessity."
Mr. Vail presents a diagram which
shows tho rise in commodity costs
nnd wagos, while tolophono rates
have remained almost station
ary, nnd relatively to prices of com
modities in general they havo de
creased 110 per cent. About 12 per
cent, incrcaso In rate Is needed,
which appears nlmost ncgllglblo
when compared with advnnccs In tho
cost of other commodities.
Mr. Vnll says that It would bo ex
tremely unfortunate If, with n very
pronounced public sentiment In favor
of it, n wlro system with nntfon-wldo,
universal, comprchonslvo servlco nnd
complcto utilization of all tho facili
ties cannot bo evolved from tho exist
It seems paradoxical that tho In
terpretation nnd application of ex
isting laws against restraint of trndo
should bo nn obstacle In tho way,
There Is little doubt, ho says, re
maining In tho minds of tho public,
but that regulated monopoly Is bet
tor than unregulated Government
ownership, and thero Is no longer
any oxtonslvo conviction that thero
can ho effective competition In tho
electric transmission ot intelligence.
Changes In tho existing laws con
corning control and regulation, com
petition and combination aro shown
to bo necessary, and Mr. Vnll closes
with n few basic principles upon
which such changes should bo built.
Tho conclusion is that similar utili
ties, In territories economically de
termined, should bo combined; should
havo un operating organization shown
to bo cinclont nnd economical; and
with their administration there should
bo somehow combined by legislation,
tho power, freed ns far us posslblo
from political and class Inlluunco,
nnd subject to reosonablo rovlow,
"to enulllbrnto capital charges, op
erating costs and revenue."
Popular Member of
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I i.ii,iiiiiiiiii .Mint rnuii in uiu Bunn
ell committee nn schools, lire, pollco
and civil servlco has called a special
meeting to forestall an incrcaso in
the rato of II ro Insurance threatened
by tho underwriters. J'Iro Marshal
O'Connor denied charges mndo in a
report of tho underwriters that tho
department Is luelllclcnt, but ad
mitted that It needed at least .100
THE 7 CENT FARE
A statement declaring tlmt tho Chi
cago Association of Commerce has
taken no stand on tho morlts ot tho
Chicago Surface Lines' "-cent faro
application was Issued by President
II. II. Merrick of that association. Ho
said tlmt u resolution protesting
ngalnst tho reported Intention ot tho
stnto public utilities commission to
modify tho 1907 ordinances to tho ex
tent of using tho renewal fund for
operating expenses has been adopted
b'y tho association and will bo pre
sented to tho stnto body Tuesday.
FRED W. BLOCKI.
Fred V. niockl, former member ot
tho Hoard of ltevlow, died on Monday
at his residence, 822 Uiicnu avenue.
Ills first political olllce was ns head
of tho city map department, to which
ho wns appointed In December, 1000,
by Mayor Harrison. I.ntcr ho was
appointed commissioner of public
works In tho Harrison cabinet, serv
ing nearly four yours. Ho was
olected city treasurer In 190," and
member of tho board ot rovlow In
1912. Ho wns a candidate for tho
democratic nomination for county
treasurer last fall, but was defeated
by Hurry It. Gibbons.
As commissioner of public works ho
supervised thu construction of tho
big Intercepting sower along Lako
Michigan from Thirty-ninth streot to
Suventy-llrst street. This was tho
first great municipal Improvement un
dertaken by the city by direct day
Ho was a member of tho lllockl
llrennau Hollnlng company with of
fices nt 11 North LaSulla street.
Ho had membership in a numbor
of clubs, Including tin Chicago Ath
letic Association, tho Illinois AMilotlc,
Gormanla Maonnorclior, Ironuols,
South Shoro Country, Chicago Auto
mobile Glen Oak Country, Udgowator
Ileach Yucht, Chicago Sharpshooters'
and Chicago Lincoln cl bs.
the Doard of Assessors.
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Democratic national committee since 1000. He was chairman ot tho -speakers'
bureau during the campaigns of 1009, 1012 nnd 1010, nnd has been a member
of tho executive committee since 1013.
CLEMENCEAU'S AMERICAN RESIDENCE
Premier Georges Hcnjmnln Eu
gene Olcmencenu of France, whose
name Just now Is nn every tongue,
lived In this country for five years
nnd married nn American girl. Doctor
Clemenceau wns virtually exiled from
France during the last empire been use
of Ids liberal utterances. After visit
ing England ho came to America. This
wns In 1805 nnd he wns twenty-four.
Ho traveled mid practiced medicine In
New York nnd then, to Increase his
knowledge of English, ho i-ecured u
position ns teacher of French In n
"femalo seminary" In Stamford, Conn.
Among his pupils was .Mary 12.
liuinmer, n lovely brunette. Her home
was In northern Michigan or Wiscon
sin, in the forest country, far from
any town. Her father wns dend. The
family wns In poeity. She wits the
oldest of six children. When Mary
w-n.s seventeen u wealthy mint In Now
York city offered to take one of tho
children. MuryV mother selected .her. Tho mint guvo Mnry an outfit of fash
ionable clothes and put her In tho Stamford school.
After 20 years Doctor Clemeneeau nnd his wife were divorced. Ills wifo
thereupon Issued cards to her old schoolmate, offering her services as guide
to tourists In Purls.
It litis been supposed that she died several years ngo. It Is now stated
that she Is nllvo In Paris.
REPUBLICAN SPEAKER OF HOUSE
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Fltrn Nrwrwf I'nlon
gress In 1S02 mid lias been le-elecled
BETTER -PAY FOR
A minimum nvorago t-nlary for
teachers ot 51,500 Is urged by Dr. P. P.
Claxton, United States commissioner
ot education. Doctor Clnxton cays:
"It Is only by very largo Ineienses In
pay of teachers that we may hope to
Improve our schools iipprctiulily. While
tho cost of living has Increased ap
proximately bi) per cent, Milmies of
teachers have Increnseil only about 12
per com. The purchasing power is,
therefore, only about Oil per cent of
what It was four jears ago. Many of
tho better leaehers are leavlni: the
hchools. Students now entering thu
normal schools are not of as good
quality. Liii'ollmont Is also smaller.
"Tho only remedy Is larger pay
for teachers. If niuml boards, legis
lators, mid county mid city councils
would Immediately announce the pel.
Icy of doubling tho iiverngo salary of
teachers within the next five years and
or (Milling not less umn to per cent
W. Ml, ,, ,,W. ,, r..T ..,,,,. WW ,V, Will
moro within tho ten years following iho expiration of this period, so that at
the end of 1." years tho uxeriigo salary of public ichool-teuchers would bu not
Ikms tli'in SI .Mid
less than SI,.' 00
MEW ERA OF ELECTRICAL POWER
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only ihoso for whom the power Is Intended will get It. Tho power U
d In only ono dlieellon, tiom tho transmitter to the receiver!
Homer S. Cumiiiltigs, newly olect
ed clmlrmnn of tho Democratic nation
al committee, Is a graduate of Yule, n
lawyer of note untl prominent In the
Democracy of Connecticut. lie served
ilneo term ns mnyor of Stamford. In
1003 he wns chosen corporation counsel
Tor Stunlford and remained In that
illlee for four years. In 1002 ho wns
nominated for congressman nt Inrgo.
Me received tho highest vole cst for
nny candldnto on his party's ticket.
He has twice been the Democratic can
didate for United States senator. In
1010, before nominations wero mndi'
by direct popular vote, Mr. Cumnilngs
wi;s tho unanimous cholco of tho Dem
ocratic members of tho general assem
bly, nnd In 1010 when n cnndldnto ho
received the highest voto given nuy
ono on the ticket.
lit' wns delegate nt Inrgo to tho
Democratic national conventions of
HHX) nnd 1001. Hy successive appoint
ments ho 1ms been a member of the
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Frederick Huntington Glllctt of
MassnchusettH, who will bo speaker of
tho houso of representatives In tho
Sixty-sixth congress, Is n veteran of
veterans. Undo Joe Cannon of Illi
nois leads thu list with 21 terms, but
they nro not continuous. Itenrv Allen
Cooper of Wisconsin, with III conllnu-'
oiih terms, is not in tho Sixty-sixth
congress. As speaker, Mr. Glllctt will
io servllli: his fourteenth rnntlnmiiw
term. Champ Clark of Missouri, dis
placed by Mr. Glllctt, has 12 full terms,
not continuous, to his credit. James
It. Maun of Illinois, defeated for the
speakership by Mr. Glllett In tho re
cent Itcpuhllcuii houso caucus, has
served 11 full continuous terms.
Mr. Glllett wns born October 10,
ISr.l, nt Westtleld, Mas. Ho Is a
graduate of Amherst (187-1) mid Har
vard law school (1877) mid began the
practice of lnw nt Sprlnglleld In 1877.
Ho was elected to thu Fifty-third con
to all succeeding congresses
Dr. Nikola '.J'eshi, sometimes called
it "wizard of eleeirlelly." Is predicting
a new cleeiilciil era In which electrical
energy will bo available anywhere for
nny purpfMo without local manufac
ture. For example, a motorlioat, or
nit airplane, miy ho driven by elec
tricity taken from tho air, mid a cabin
In thu wilderness may bo lighted.
llrlefly, Iho plan Is to generate
electrical energy at (ho Hourco of sup
lily by harnessing Niagara and other
waterfalls mid to transmit It by wire
less to receiving stations In other
places. Distance will bo no Impedi
ment to Iho transmission of this en
ergy, but various conveniently situ
ated receiving stations can bo estab
lished for htorngo mid supply. This en
ergy Is not to bu hcattered promiscu
ously to tho four winds of heaven for
the free uso of all who euro to "tnn"
It, It will bo controlled by a secret
tov tip rnnililniitlnti ttlr,t 11,, if if Lrn
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Popular Republican Candidate for
GEO. B. HOLMES
Popular and Able Lawyer,
Strongest and Best Man in
Field for Municipal Court
Tho republicans overwhelmingly
nominated Gcorgo D. Holmes for Mu
nicipal court pudgo, nnd ho is tho best
equipped man in tho race.
Gcorgo n. Holmos Is nn nblo law
yer, rospected by bench, bar nnd
public. Ho should bo cloctod Judgo ot
tho Municipal court nt tho April elec
tion, nnd ho doserves tho votes of
men of all parties on account of his
fitness for tho position.
To show his standing with his fol
low lawyors, it Is only nocossary to
call attention to tho fact that ho was
ondorscd by tho Chicago Uar Asso
ciation In tho last liar primary, when
ho was placed eighth In a list ot
thirty-six in tho ballots cast.
Mr. Holmes 1,8 very popular with
nil who knows him. Ho is affiliated
with a numbor of organizations, In
cluding tho South End Uuslnoss Men's
Association, Society Santiago do
Cubn-Sons ot American Revolution,
Thlrty-Socond Degroo Mason, Forn
wood Lodge, No. 238, 1. O. O. F., Coun
cil N. U No. 313, United States no
yolvor Association, Illinois Stato Rlflo
Association and is Past Division Com
mandor Illinois Division, Sons of Vet
erans. Mr. Holmos' wnr record: April 26,
1898, to Novombor 17, 1898, in tho
trenches, slogo nnd capturo of Santi
ago do Cuba; sergeant Co. II, 1st Illi
nois Volunteer Infantry; wears two
war department medals; in rocont
Moxlcan troublo, on staff of adjt. gen
eral; joined Illinois National Guards
on Soptombor 1, 1890, ns a prlvato In
1st Itoglmont Infantry, and was pro
moted to corporal sorgcant nontenant,
and Borvcd on Major Abel Davis' staff
for flvo yoars. ,
Tho best placo In Chicago to buy
diamonds, as everybody knows, Is. at
T. N. Donnolly & Co.'s., 24 N. Donr
born stroot. For over forty years this
well known nnd reliable houso has
boon at tho head of tho diamond trado
ot Chicago, and the prlcos aro al
ways reasonable for tho best goods
on tho market.
William H. Lyman, the popular for
mer senator and alderman, la at the
head of the bis publlo contracting
Ann of W. H. Lyman A Co.
John R. Ford, the chief deputy col
lector ot ewtoma. la a moit fflclaol
aid to Collector McNeill.
Charles Molltor, a recognized leader
In tho machlnory trade, Is ono of Chi
cago's loading and most roliablo busi
ness men. His name Is honorod
whorover ha Is known.
Jam op Scaln's Italian restaurant nt
Cl West Monroo stroot la vory pop
ular. F. II, Soubold, D. C ono ot tho
moat prominent chiropractors In Chi
cago, offers to treat all soldlors and
sailors suffering from sciatica, rheu
matism, or kindred ailments free ot
charge. His office is In tho Stovons
building. 17 North Stato stroot.
Flvo hills for state legislation to
bo asked by tho city wero propared
by tho law department. Tho 'bills
A city manager.
Changos In the method ot select
ing city controller, city clerk and
Consolidation of the duties and of
fices ot city controller and city
Nonpartisan election ot aldormon.
Consolidation ot local governments.
A speclnl committeo on stato legis
lation will pass on tho bills beforo
tho council is asked to act on thorn.
Dixon C. Williams, tho well known
manufacturer, doserves woll at tho
bands of tho .Democratic party. Ho Is
a porn leader..
Judge of the Municipal Court.
Joseph Plonko, defeated candidate
for tho Democratic aldcrmanlc nom
ination In tho Twenty-fourth, won
tho right to recount beforo County
Judgo Scully. Alderman Frank F.
Itocdcr won tho nomination by 53
Michael L. Igoc, Democratic londor
of tho Houso ot Representatives, an
nounced that tho Swcltzcr bill enfran
chising soldiers returning too lato for
registration would bo roportcd out by
tho committeo this week nnd would
get Immediate, passage.
Joseph Trlner, woll known and pop
lar business man Is making n great
fight for Alderman of the Twelfth
ward ns nn Independent.
Henry Stucknrt turned over all tho
Interest to tho peoplo ns County
Tronsuror. Voto for him for City
DENNI8 J. EQAN.
Popular Democratic Leader and Chief
of the Democratlo Organization
Amos C. Ryan, Prosldont of tho
Central Transfer Company is ono ot
tho coming young men of Chicago.
Ho Is tho loader in theatrical work
nnd his company furnishes tho trans-
for servlco for all of tho loading '
houses and all of tho leading stars.
Tho Auto Truck Sorvlco of tho Com
pany Is unexcelled.
James Scala is mooting with a great
success nnd flno patronago In his
New Italy restaurant on tho second,
( floor of Gl West Monroo streot. It is
vory popuinr witn proiessionai una
Julius Oswald, th -well known bar
ber at 154 West Randolph street, la
very popular with tho city hall hoys.
if you wish
for a brand new
The price now is only
$57 instead of $100.
This 43 per cent sav
ing comes through new
economical sales plans
and vastly increased
Over 700,000 Olivers sold.
If any typewriter is worth.
$100, it is this splendid new
Telephone today, Randolph SOO.
A representative vlll show you
an Oliver Nine and give full de
tails without obligation to you.
The Oliver Typewriter Company
B-ll Oliver TjrpawrlUr Btdr., ChUafo
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