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ntonMl Bseond Class Matter Oetabar 11. 18M, at tha Pott
Offle at Chicago, Illinois unasr Act of March 3, 117.
Offlc of Publication,
179 W. Washington 8t., Chicago, III.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL tf HINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
Entered as Second Class Matter October 11, IW, at
Office at Chicago, Illinois, undsr Act of Martfi ft,
8 . Miif1SJrA'M-
It -frit L'
THIRTIETH YEATt, NO.
Democratic Candidate for Mayor Has
Refused All Contributions From
Declares Himself Plainly and Forcefully Upon Trac
tion and All Other Questions Deal
ing With Corporations
Robert M. Swoltczr In an address
stated that ho had not received a cent
from tho public utility Interests for his
campaign fund and would not rocolvo
any. Ho thon repeated his challenges
to tho other candidates to publicly an
nounco whether they had accopted
campaign contributions from tho util
Mr. Swolticr Insisted that ho was
footlooso, that tho traction kings did
not havo any strings tied to him, and
would not havo after his election', and
that ho was, therefore, tho ono man
who could tacklo tho traction quos
., tloa without fear or favor. .
"It Is moro than a wock ago that I
made tho statement that I had not
accepted and would not accept a cont
from any public utility corporation
for my campaign fund," said Mr.
Swoltzor. "At tho tlmo I challenged
. tho other candidates to mako a ,slm-J
liar statement, if thoy couia ,ao ,o
truthfully. Thoy havo had ample tlmo
to do so, but so far neither of thom
lias answered my challenge In fact,
both of thom havo shown a great de
slro to.dodgo all mention of tho trac
"I do not wondor at this. Neither
of them has nny program worth men
tioning for tho settlement of tho" trac
tion question, and nolthor of thom has
nny doflnlto Idea to present as to how
to obtain bettor transportation.
"Moroovor, both of them havo tnkon
a hand In trying to handlo tho trac
tion quostlon, and all thoy havo suc
ceeded in doing is to mako a mess of
things and to leave tho voters of tho
city far worao off than thoy woro be
fore thoy bogan tholr muddling.
"As a candidates for mayor I havo
presented to tho people a doflnlto pro
gram, covering every phaso of tho
traction question. Tho basis of that
platform was furnlshod by former
Q6v. Duhno, a man whom tho pooplo
trust and who Is certainly not consid
ered ns being frlondly with tho trac
tion companies. I havo stated that
nny settlement of tho traction ques
tion that is mado during my adminis
tration must bo passod upon by tho
pooplo nt tho polls before It becomes
final. I havo mado tho promise that
within ten days after I tnko ofllco as
mayor I will Improve tho transporta
tion conditions, and I havo shown how
'I will do so.
"In view of thoso facts I havo no
hesitation in saying at this tlmo that
tho only cnndldato In tho Hold who
offers tho pooplo of Chicago any relief
from present conditions Is myself."
Ah a result of tho declaration of
Robert M. 8woltzor that ho Is opposed
to prohibition, oithor locally or na
tionally, and thn wldo demonstration
of approval which followed that dec
laration, tho dry leaders and anti
saloon workors of Chicago havo defi
nitely abandoned effort to put through
a dry voto in Chicago at tho April
This decision, -It was pointed out,
doatroys oven tho romoto possibility
that Chicago should be mado dry on
May 1, two months oarllor than pro
vided by tho wartime legislation.
Tho decision of tho drys wns
reached after several days' careful in
vestigation as to tho possibilities of
putting through a successful campaign.
This investigation brought out tho fact
that tho firm stand taken by Robort M.
Swoltzer, domocratlo candidate for
mayor, against prohibition and in fa
vor of tho fullest measure of personal
llborty, had met with clty-wldo ap
proval which proved any effort fit tho
drys would bo uselesB.
E. J. Davis, Chicago District Super-
$2 Per Year In Advance.
intondont of tho Anti-Saloon Lcaguo
of Illinois, prominent at tho mcotlng,
which finally ditched tho dry light at
tho coming election, was in recolpt of
tho lotter written by Mr. Swoltzor,
stating tho stand without quibbling
against tho dry movomont.
Thla lottor, written in reply in n
query by Mr. Davis concerning Mr.
Swcltzer's stand on tho wet and dry
quostlon, is as follows:
"I am in recolpt of your lottor of
Fob. 21, In which you ask: 'In tho
event of your nomination and election
as Mayor of Chicago, kindly Inform us
what will bo your policy in regard to
tho onforcomont of anti-saloon and
othor legislation suppressing tho traf
fic In alcoholic, drinks?'
"In roply pormlt mo to stato:
"I am opposed to prohibition, nation
ally or locally. Had tho quostlon of
.national prohibition boon submitted
to1 a refo'rondum I would havo voted
against it. I am for tho fullest moos
uro of personal liberty.
"Tho wot and dry question in Chi
cago, however, under tho act of tho
legislature Is sololy a question for tho
pooplo to dotormlno.
"No action by a candldato for Mayor
boforo election, or by a Mayor after
election can chaugo tho result of a
'wot' or 'dry' Chicago as announced by
"When tho peoplo express thorn
solves at an cloctlon, bo it April 1, or
any othor tlmo, .1 will follow tho will
of tho pooplo." '
Tho widespread movomont for Mr.
Swoltzor,1 which followed tho an
nouncement of this policy convinced
tho 'dry' loaders that tho Bcntlmont of
Chicago was so overwhelmingly in
favor of tho 'wots' that It was docided
to allow the lssuo to go by default in
April, and wait tho onforcomont of
tho war mensuro which takes effect
on July 1.
Tho Swoltzor Athletic Business
Men's Association will glvo a dinner
In honor of tho Domocratlo candl
'dato for Mayor at tho Auditorium
Hotel on March 22.
JJm O'Lcary announced tho follow
ing odds on tho mayoralty: Thomp
son, 1 to 2; Swoltzor, 8 to 5; Hoyno,
3 to 1; Fltzpatrlck, 25 to 1, and Col
lins, 1,000 to 1.
SLIDE REILLY, SLIDE
Objections to tho aldormanlo nom
inating petition of Oliver T. Rollly,
independent candldato In tho Third
ward, woro withdrawn Monday, and
his numo will go on tho ballot.
ALD. STEFFEN IS RIGHT
Something Radically Wrong
With a Police Department
Which Call Out 200 Men to
Kill One Drunken Man and
Which Permits Real Criminals
To Run at Large
Thoro is something rotten with tho
Chicago pollco department.
When 200 policemen had to bo call
ed out to kill ono man because ho
was crazy drunk pooplo ceased to
wonder at crlmo.
Aid. Walter P. Stoffen, a member
of tho committee, who was partly re
sponsible for tho ostablishment of tho
vagrancy court to handlo known crim
inals, charged tho pollco department
with laxity and inefllclency in band
ling tho crlmo epldomtc, and urged
that thoso responstblo bo- punished
tor failuro to porform tholr duties.
"Chicago is overrun with criminals,"
said Aid. Stoffon, "Conditions never
woro worso. Whllo murdorors( gun
men and professional bandits sta'go a
circus tho pollco sit back listless and
apparently disinterested. Mcanwhilo,
known criminals lay about pool rooms
and saloons often almost next door
to pollco stations.
"Tho oxcuso that crimos aro bolng
committed by paroled criminals from
othor Btates and men drlvon to des
peration by unemployment Is ridicu
lous. Tho pay roll robberies and tho
bank holdups aro bolng committed by
professional criminals who 'know tho
ropes' In Chicago.
"Detroit, Toledo, Clovoland, Mil
waukee and othor cities in tho mlddlo
west woro able to drlvo professional
criminals out. Chicago should havo
a pollco department capable of tho
samo work. Whon wo first establish
ed tho vagrancy court tho pollco woro
on tholr toos and 'did bring In men
with criminal records. Now tho de
partment has grown lax and wo find
bandits and gunmon safely patrolling
"I shall ask tho crlmo committee to
moot Immediately and tako up tho
problem. Tho pollco officials who allow
criminals to una retugo in moir ais-
tricts should bo punished."
A. H. REVELL
Alexander H. Rovell, tho great
merchant and strong Republican, has
declared In favor of tho election of
Itobort M. Sweltzer for Mayor.
"I am ready to tako my clianco on
Mr. Sweltzer," snld Mr. Itovcll. "Ho
will glvo Chicago a clean administra
tion." Mr. RovoU's action acquires signi
ficance) from tho conspicuous part ho
haB taken In tho activities of tltc re
publican party for many years. Ho
was chairman of the campaign com
mlttco that managed tho mayoralty
campaign of tho lato Qracmn Stewart
in 1003. Hd has been a delegate to
republican national conventions. Ho
wns tho Intlmnto friend of Theodore
Roosovclt and frequently entertained
tho colonol nt his homo here. Ho orig
inated tho Roosovolt for president
movement In 1912 which started with
tho indorsement of Roosevelt by tho
soven governors, and throughout that
campaign ho was nn ncttvo and trust
ed leader In tho Roosovclt lntcrosts.
Mr. Rovell's declaration for Swoltzor
comes in n signed statement sent to
Dortram M. Winston, chalrmnn of tho
Sweltzer Nonpartisan Business Mon's
organization. His statement Is as fol
lows: "I do not think that cither party
has dono its best by t,ho city of Chi
cago. However, I am ready to tako
my chanco on Mr. Swoltzor. Ho can
glvo Chicago a good administration.
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ALEXANDER H. REVELL,
Prince and Leading Republican, Declares for Sweltzer
Wo know what Mr. Thompson has not
dono for tho honor and glory of Chi
cago, and ho had tho best-opportunlty
for a political career that was ovor of
fered to a young man. Wo do not
havo to Improve on him much to do
"Mr. Swoltzor, on tho othor hand,
has filled ovory position ho occupied,
both business-nnd official, with credit
to himself and helpfulness to tho com
A nonpartisan organization of busi
ness men is bolng formed to boost
Henry Stucknrt, tho Domocratlo candl
dato for city treasurer. Judgo Jacob
H. Hopkins, who was olocted last year
to tho bench as a nonpartisan, Is
J heading tho movement.
Inattention to Duty Instead of to Pay
Bolls Was the Cause of the
National Health Officials Originally Responsible
Neglect by Local Officials; Aids Work
of the Dread Disease
Peoplo aro 'commencing to wonder
whether health department exists in
cities or In tho nation nt largo for
any other purposo than drawing sal
aries and Increasing tho payroll ox
penso of tho government.
Tho Influenza opldemio has proved
tho national and local health authori
ties to bo worso than suplno thoy
have beon provon to bo absolutely
Locally political pull 1b far moro In
fluential than tho domands of tho
ptibllo for protection to health.
Any patron of many of tho Chicago
thoators, whether "legitimate," vaudo
villo or movies, can testify to tho fact
that every night pooplo rotton with
Influonza aro permitted to sit in ev
ery audtonco, sneezo tholr heads off
and cough nil over other peoplo with
out lot or hindrance,
A man loaded with phlegm can,
sprny any nudlonco in Chicago with
germs to his heart's content.
A visit to somo theater will convince
you of this fact.
Tho result is much slokness that
could bo avoldod If wo had a real
If wo had a real National Health
Department instead of a mako bollovo
ono wo would not havo had any Influ
enza In this country at all.
Chamberlln's in its March lssuo
handles this phaso of this disgraceful
fact as follows:
"Tho world war Is estimated to
havo killed 7,534,000 Individuals.
Tho world Influonza cpldeinlo Is es
timated to havo killed 6,000,000 indi
viduals. Thoro is something remarkable.
Tho horrors of war havo been upon
ovory tonguo; tho Influenza, except
to thoso families that wcro stricken,
has beon almost as much a subject
of jest as of fear.
Tho war has been blatant, spectacu
lar; advertised on ovory hand as a
horror. Tho plague has been client,
unseen; news of it has been suppress
ed. When wo rend tho dally casual
ty lUts from Franco, wo havo cursed;
wo havo said: "who is responsible?
.Whoturned-looso this horror upon
tho world? Let him bo hanged as
high as Hainan mid his body burned
and tho ashes sunk deep in tho sea."
Dut as regards tho black plaguo of
Influonza thcro havo been no casualty
lists. Tho deaths havo beon reported
singly, hero and thore, dny by day.
When tho dread hand of contagion
hns tnkon away a life, only tho lm
modlato family ns a rule, has known.
Even tho neighbors In Hat nbovo or
below may not havo heard tho nows.
Who, upon rending of tho death of a
friend, has snld, as ho said upon read
ing tho casualty lists: "Who Is re
sponsible? Who turned looso this
horror upon tho world? Lot him bo
hanged ns high ns Unman and his
body burned and tho ashes thereof
sunk deep In tho sen."
"Yet, as somo one Is responsible for
tho war, so Is somo ono responsible
for tho plnguo that took almost aB
many lives. As regards tho nations
of Europe, thoy could scarcely havo
been' Isolated from tho plaguo of
sword and shell, nor could thoy havo
boon isolated from tho plaguo of rover.
Rut with America, In both cases, it
was dlfforont. As America remained
for long years lmmuno at peaco whllo
Europe fought, so America remained
for long years Immune, safe for tho
tlmo bolng from tho pestllenco that
wns filling grnvo for gravo in Europo
in competition with tho death of tho
bnttlo field. As tho Immunity of tho
sea kept America out of tho fighting,
so It kopt America freo of tho opl
domic until It had devastated Europo.
Whllo tho pestllonco of blood let
ting could not ond without American
Intervention, thero wob no need that
America should contribute her dead
thousands to tho plaguo of disease.
In tlmo of peaco thootashrdotaoshrr
could hardly havo kopt tho Influonza
Infoctlon from crossing to our shores.
Then shipping camo and went from
ovory port and tho decks woro load
ed with humanity, going and coming
(Continued on page 4 )
SCHWARTZ AIDS ILIFF
Aid. U. S. Schwartz of tho 3d Ward
camo to tho aid of his colleague Aid.
Goorgo Illff, whoso campaign for ro-
election Is bolng bitterly fought bo
causo of his opposition to tho traction
ordinance Aid. Schwartz asks thnt
tho good cltlzons of tho ward watch
out, that a good alderman Is not lost
in tho confusion ovor tho mayoralty.
A contral homo for tho 40,000 mem
bers of tho 125 Italian organizations
of Chicago in or near tho loop at a
cost of not loss than $250,000 is
planned by n committee of which
Judgo Dornnrd P. Darasn Is chairman.
"Tho chlof object Is to tench Amorl
canlsm in its highest senso," said
Judgo Barasa. "Our Idea Is a largo
building whoro all tho soclotlos can
moot, whoro schools to teach tho Eng
lish languago and tho trndlttona of
Amorlcnn llfo can bo hold, whoro Im
migrants aro holped to tako out tholr
naturalization papers and to help and
WHOLE .NUMISElt 15JJ5
oncourngo them to bring over tho
best class of Italians to America.
"No pert'on Is to own moro than
ono )5 sharo of stock In tho building,
so that tho peoplo will own and con
"Of course, many who advanco
money will glvo It outright, but wo
havo In mind tho ropaymont of tho
money to tho others. I bellevo an
Immense amount of good can bo dono
by such n plnn."
Miss Mary E McDowell, prominent
Bettlemont, worker, 'has cost her, lot
with tho liow labor party which has
John Fltzpatrlck as its candldato for
Mayor. In announcing her Intention
of lending her support Miss McDowell
styled tho Labor party as tho "party
of promise." Mr. Fltzpatrlck In his
campaign speeches huu been denounc
ing Mayor Thompson's "sham lovo
for union lnbor."
Evidence of alleged frauds In tho
mayoralty primary will ho presented
to tho granil Jury by Assistant State's
Attorney John Ilrystnlskl, who col
lected tho facts ns presented by tho
followers of Thomas Carey, defeated
Democratic candidate. To avoid criti
cism that ho is playing politics with
tho grand jury States Attorney Hoyno
will ask for hq action until after tho
election April 1.
Judgo Chnrlcs M. Thompson of thu
Appollato court called attention to tho
fact that n Judgo of tho Suporlor court
will bo olocted on April 1 and that tho
voters should not entirely overlook
this importnnt matter In tho contusion
of tho city campaign.
Ho also Indorsod Judgo John M.
O'Connor for reelection nnd paid u
high trlhuto to his record both In tho
stato leglslaturo and on tho bench.
Former Aid. John (lolomblowskl's
nomination In tho Uopuhllcnn primary
In tho Twenty-ninth ward for alder
man was conflrmel by tho recount
of tho votes. Tho official tabulation
shows ho received 2,123 votes, lo
2,000 for Aid. John Hrubcc.
Thn revision of registration, an
nounced by tho election commission
ers loavos 7015,977 names on tho books
for tho April 1 election a banner
record. Ouly 12,110 nnmos woro eras
ed In tho final revision, Tho total
now ollglblo to voto In April is mndo
up of 403,222 mou and 302,755 womon.
Tho Twenty-fifth ward hns tho largost
voting strength 42,723. Tho Twenty
seventh ward Is second, tho Thirty
third third, nnd tho Seventh fourth.
Lauy4 WmrUt Gra4tiMa
Patfl) ef IaftiMM m