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ntr4i 8eond Clm Matter Oetohar 11. 1BM. at tha Peat
Office at Chicago, llllnola, unoer Act of March 3. 1171.
Office of Publication,
179 W. Washington St., Chicago, III.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
Entered as Second Class Matter October 11, 1RM, at
Office at Chicago, llllnola. under Act or Maroft S,
rfB(BBB(B2-j''CiiM2iiiiP i Bfete
THIRTIETH YEATt, NO.
Democratic Candidate for Mayor Has
Refused All Contributions From
Public Utility Corporations
Declares Himself Plainly and Forcefully Upon Trac
tion and All Other Questions Deal
ing With Corporations
Robert M. Sweltczr In an address
stated thnt ho had not recoived a cent
from tho public utility Interests for his
campaign fund and would not receive
any. Ho thon repeated his challengo
to tho other candidates to publicly an
nounce whether thoy had accepted
campaign contributions from tho util
Mr. Sweltzer Insisted that ho was
footloose, that tho traction kings did
not havo any strings tied to him, and
would not hnvo after his election", and
that ho was, therefore tho ono man
who could tncklo tho traction quos
, tlon without fear or favor.
"It Is more than a week ago that I
mado tho Htatomcnt that I had not
accepted and would not accept a cent
from any public utility corporation
for my campaign fund," said Mr.
Sweltzer. "At tho time I chnllcngod
tho other candidates to make a ,slm-,
liar statement, If thoy could do so
truthfully. Thoy havo had amplo tlmo
to do ho, but so far neither of thorn
lias nnsworcd my challongo. In fact,
both of them havo shown a great do
slro to dodgo nil mention of tho trac
"I do not wonder at this. Neither
of them has any program worth men
tioning for tho settlement of tho trac
tion question, nnd nolthor of them has
any doflnlto Idea to present as to how
to obtain bottor transportation.
"Moreover, both of them havo takon
a hnnd in trying to handlo tho trac
tion question, and all thoy havo suc
ceeded In doing is to mnko a mess of
things and to loavo tho votora of tho
city far worso off than thoy wore be
fore thoy began tholr muddling.
"As a candldato for mayor I havo
presented to tho peoplo a doflnlto pro
gram, covorlng ovory phaso of tho
traction question. Tho basis of that
platform was furnished by former
Oov. Dunno, n man whom tho peoplo
trust and who Is cortnlnly not consid
ered as being frlondly with tho trac
tion companios. I havo stated that
any settlement of tho traction ques
tion that Is mado during my adminis
tration must bo passed upon by tho
peoplo nt tho polls before It becomes
llnal. I havo mado tho promise that
within ten days after I tako ofllco as
mayor I will lmprovo tho transporta
tion conditions, and I havo shown how
I will do so.
"In vlow of thoso facts I havo no
hosltntlon In saying nt this tlmo that
tho only candldato in tho Hold who
offers tho pooplo of Chicago any relief
from present conditions Is myself."
As a result of tho declaration of
Ilobort M. Swoltzor that ho is opposed
to prohibition, either locally or na
tionally, and tho wldo demonstration
of approval which followed that dec
laration, tho dry loaders and nnti
saloon workers of Chicago havo doll
nltoly abandoned effort to put through
a dry vote In Chicago at tho April
This doclslon, It was pointed out,
destroys evon tho romoto possibility
that Chicago should bo mado dry on
May 1, two months earlier than pro
vided by tho wartlmo legislation.
Tho doclslon of tho drys was
roached after eovoral days' caroful in
vestigation as to tho possibilities of
putting through a successful campaign.
This Investigation brought out tho fact
that tho Arm stand taken by Robert M.
Swoltzer, democratic candldato for
mayor, against prohibition nnd in fa
vor of tho fullost moasuro of porsonal
liberty, had mot with clty-wido ap
proval which proved any effort fit tho
drys would bo useless.
E. J, Davis, Chicago District Super
$2 Per Year In Advance.
intendent of tho Anti-Saloon Lcaguo
of Illinois, prominent at tho mooting
which Dually ditched tho dry light at
tho coming election, was In rccolpt of
tho lotter written by Mr. Sweltzer,
stating tho stand without quibbling
against tho dry movement.
This lottor, written In reply In a
query by Mr. Davis concerning Atr.
Swcltzcr's stnnd on tho wet and dry
question, Is as follows:
"I nm in receipt of your lottor of
Fob. 21, in which you nsk: 'In tho
event of your nomination and election
as Mayor of Chicago, kindly Inform us
what will bo your policy in regard to
tho enforcement of nntl-saloon and
other legislation suppressing tho traf
fic In alcoholic drinks?'
"In reply permit mo to stnto:
"I am opposed to prohibition, nation
ally or locally. Had tho question of
national prohibition been submitted
to a roforondum I would havo voted
against it. I am for tho fullest mens
uro of personal liberty.
"Tho wot and dry question In Chi
cago, howovor, under tho act of tho
leglslaturo Is sololy a question for tho
peoplo to dotcrmlno.
"No action by a candldato for Mayor
boforo election, or by a Mayor nftor
election can chango tho result of n
'wot' or 'dry' Chicago as announced by
"When tho peoplo express thorn
solves nt an oloctlon, bo It April 1, or
any othor tlmo, I will follow tho will
nt thn nnnnln."
The widespread movomont for Mr.
Sweltzor, vhlch followed tho nu
nouncomont of this policy convinced
tho 'dry' leadors that the sentiment of
Chicago was so ovorwholmlngly In
favor of tho 'wots' that It was docldcd
to allow tho issuo to go by do fault In
April, and wait tho onforcomont of
tho war measure which takes effect
on July 1. 3i
Tho Swoltzor Athlotlc Business
Men's Association will glvo a dinner
in honor of tho Democratic email
'date for Mayor at tho Auditorium
Hotel on March 22.
JJm O'Lonry announced tho follow
ing odda on tho mayoralty: Thomp
son, 1 to 2; Swoltzor, 8 to G; Hoyno,
3 to 1; Fltzpatrlck, 25 to 1, and Col
lins, 1,000 to 1.
SLIDE REILLY, SLIDE
Objections to tho aldermanlc nom
inating petition of Oliver T. Rollly,
Independent candldato In tho Third
ward, woro withdrawn Monday, and
his name will go on tho ballot.
ALD. STEFFEN IS RIGHT
Something Radically Wrong
With a Police Department
Which Calls Out 200 Men to
Kill One Drunken Man and
Which Permits Real Criminals
To Run at Large
There is something rotten with tho
Chicago pollco department.
When 200 pollcomon had to bo call
ed out to kill ono man because ho
was crazy drunk pooplo consed to
wondor at crlmo.
Aid. Walter P. Stoffen, a member
of tho cominlttoo, who was partly ro
sponslblo for tho establishment of tho
vagrancy court to handlo known crim
inals, chargod tho pollco department
with laxity and Inefficiency In hand
ling tho crlmo opldemlc, and urged
that thoso responsible bo punished
for falluro to perform tholr duties.
"Chicago is overrun with criminals,"
snld Aid. Stcffon. "Conditions never
wore worso. Whllo raurdorors, gun
men nnd professional bandits stago n
circus tho pollco sit back listless and
apparently disinterested. Meanwhile,
known criminals lay about pool rooms
and saloons often almost next door
to pollco stations.
"Tho oxcuao that crimes aro being
committed by pnrolod criminals from
othor states and men drlvon to des
poratton by unomploymont la ridicu
lous. Tho pay roll robbories and tho
bank holdups aro being committed by
professional criminals who 'know tho
ropes' In Chicago.
"Detroit, Tolodo, Clovoland, Mil
waukeo and othor cities in tho middle
west woro ablo to drlvo professional
criminals out. Chicago should havo
a pollco department capablo ot tho
samo work. When wo first establish
ed tho vagrancy court tho pollco wero
on tholr toes and 'did bring In men
with criminal records. Now tho de
partment has grown lax and wo find
bandits and gunmon safely patrolling
tho stroots. .
"I shall aslc tho crlmo committee to
moot Immediately and tako up tho
problem. Tho pollco ofllclalB who allow
criminals to flnd rofugo in inoir uib-
trlcts should bo punished,"
A. H. REVELL
Aloxnndcr H. Rovell, tlio great
merchant nnd strong Republican, has
declared In favor of the election of
Robert M. Sweltzer for Mayor.
"I am ready to tnko mv chanco on
Mr. Sweltzer," said Mr. ltevcll. "Ho
will give Chicago a clean administra
tion." Mr. Rovoll's action acquires signi
ficance from tho conspicuous part ho
has taken In tho activities of tltc re
publican party for many years. Ho
was chairman of tho campaign com
mittee thnt managed tin mayoralty
campaign of tho Into Graeme Stewart
In 1003. Ho has been a dclcgato to
republican nntlonnl conventions. Ho
was the Intlmato friend of Theodore
Roosovclt and frequently entertained
tho colonel at his homo here. Ho orig
inated the Roosovolt for president
movoment In 1912 which started with
tho Indorsement of Roosevelt by tho
soven governors, nnd throughout that
campaign ho was nn active nnd trust
ed lender In tho Roosovolt interests.
Mr. Rovcll's declaration for Sweltzer
comes In a signed statement sent to
llcrtrnm M. Winston, chairman of tho
Sweltzer Nonpartisan HuslneBs Men's
organization. His statement Is as fol
lows: "I do not think that cither party
hnB dono Its best by tho city of Chi
cago. However, I atn ready to take
my chanco on Mr. Sweltzer. Ho can
glvo Chicago a good administration.
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ALEXANDER H. REVELL,
Prince and Leading Republican, Declares for Sweltzer
Wo know what Mr. Thompson has not
dono for tho honor and glory of Chi
cago, and ho had tho best-opportunity
for n political careor that was evor of
fered to a young man. Wo do not
havo to lmprovo on him much to do
"Mr. Swoltzor, on tho othor hnnd.
hns filled every position ho occupied,
both buslnoss nnd official, with credit
to himself and helpfulness to tho com
A nonpartisan organization of busl
noss men Is being formed to boost
Henry Stuckart, tho Democratic candl
dato for city treasuror. Judgo Jacob
II, Hopkins, who was olected last year
to tho bench as a nonpartisan, Ib
heading tho movement.
Inattention to Duty Instead of to Pay
Rolls Was the Cause of the
National Health Officials Originally Responsible
Neglect by Local Officials; Aids Work
of the Dread Disease
I'coplo arc commencing to wonder
whether health department exists in
cities or In tho nation at largo for
any other purposo than drafting sal
aries and Increasing tho payroll ex
penso of tho government.
Tho Influenza opldemlc hns proved
tho national nnd local health authori
ties to bo worso than supine they
havo been proven to bo absolutely
Locally political pull Is far moro In
fluential than tho doinanda of tho
public for piotcctlon to health.
Any patron of ninny of tho Chicago
thoators, whether "legltlmnto," vaudo
vlllo or movies, can testify to tho fact
that every night pooplo rotton with
Inlluonza aro pormltted to sit in ov
cry nudionco, sneeze tholr heads off
and cough nil over othor peoplo with
out lot or hindrance.
A man loaded with phlegm ennj
spray nny nudionco in (Jtucngo witu
gorms to his heart's content.
A visit to somo theater will convince
you of this fact.
Tho result Is much sickness that
could bo avoided It wo had a real
It wo had a real National Health
Department Instead of a mako bollovo
ono wo would not havo had any Influ
enza In this country at all.
Chamborlln's In Its March Issuo
handles this phase of this disgraceful
fact as follows:
"Tho world war Is estimated to
havo killed 7,R34.T)00 Individuals.
Tho world influenza epidemic is es
timated to have killed 6,000,000 indi
viduals. There is something rcmnrkablo.
Tho horrors of war havo been upon
every tongue; tho influenza, except
to thoso fumlllcB thnt wero stricken,
ban been almost us much a subject
of Jest as of fenr.
Tho war has been blatant, spectacu
lar; advertised on ovory hand as a
horror. Tho plaguo has been silent,
unseen; news of It hns been suppress
ed. When wo rend tho dally casual
ty lists from France, wo havo cursed;
wo hnvo said: "who Is responsible?
Who turned looso this horror upon
tho world? Let him bo hanged as
high as Hnmnn nnd his body burned
mid the ashes sunk deep In tho sea."
Rut as regards tho black plaguo of
Influenza there havo been no casualty
lists. The deaths havo been reported
singly, hero nnd there, day by day.
When tho dread hnnd of contagion
hns takon away a life, only tho Im
mediate family as a rule, has known.
Kven tho neighbors In flat above or
below may not havo heard tho news.
Who, upon rending of the death of a
friend, has said, as ho said upon rend
ing the casualty lists: "Who Is re
sponsible? Who turned looso this
horror upon the world? Let him be
hanged ns high as Hainan and his
body burned nnd tho nsheb thereof
sunk deep In tho sea."
"Yet, as some one Is responsible for
tho war, so is somo ono responsible
for the plaguo thnt took almost as
ninny lives. As regards tho nntlcms
of Europe, they could scarcely havo
boon Isolated from tho plaguo of
sword and shell, nor could thoy havo
boon Isolated from the plaguo of fever.
Hut with America, In both cases, it
was different. As America remained
for long years Immune at peace whllo
Kuropo fought, so America remained
for long years immune, safe for tho
tlmo being from the pestilence that
was Ailing grave for grnvo In Kuropo
In competition with tho death of tho
battle Hold. As tho Immunity of tho
sea kept America out of tho fighting,
so It kept America freo of tho epi
demic until it had devastated Europe.
Whllo tho pestlloneo of blood let
ting could not end without American
Intervention, there was no need that
America should contribute her dead
thousands to tho pluguo of disease
In tlmo of peace thootashrdotaoahrr
could hardly havo kept tho Influenza
Infection from crossing to our shores.
Then shipping came and went from
ovory port and tho deeki sore load
od with humanity, going and coming
(Continued on page I )
SCHWARTZ AIDS ILIFF
Aid. U. S. Schwartz of the ad Ward
ciuno to the nld of his colleague, Aid.
fioorgo Illff, whoso campaign for ro
olectlon is being bitterly fought bo
causo of his opposition to tho traction
ordinnneo Aid Schwartz nsks that
tho good citizens of tho ward watch
out, that a good alderman is not lost
In the confusion over the mayoralty.
A contral homo for tho '10.000 mom
bora of tho 125 Italian organizations
of Chicago in or near tho loop at a
cost of not less than $250,000 la
planned by a eommltteo of which
Judgo Hornnrd I. Harasa Is chairman.
"Tho chlof object is to tench Ameri
canism In Its highest Benso," snld
Judgo Harasa. "Our idea Is a largo
building whoro all tho societies can
moot, whero schools to teach tho Eng
lish language and tho traditions of
American llfo can bo hold, whoro Im
migrants aro holped to tako out tholr
naturalization papers and to help and
AVIIOLIC MM It 131? 15J15
encourage them to bring over the
best clnss of Italians to America.
"No person Is to own moro than
one $5 share of stock in tho building,
so that tho peoplo will own nnd con
"Or course, many who ndvanco
money will give It outright, but wo
hnvo in mind tho repayment ot tho
money to tho others. I belicvo nn
Immense amount of good can bo dono
b such a plan."
Miss Mary E McDowell, prominent
bottlemenf workor, 'has cast her lot
with tho now labor party which has
John Fitrpatrlck as Its candldato for
Mayor. In announcing her Intention
of lending her support Miss McDowell
styled the Labor party ns tho "party
of promise." Mr. Fltzpatrlck In his
campaign speeches lias been denounc
ing Mayor Thompson's "sham lovo
for union labor."
Evidence of alleged frauds In tho
mnoniU primary will be presented
to the grand Jury by Assistant State's
Attorno) John Hrystnlskl, who col
lected the facts as presented by tho
followers of Thomas I'arey, defeated
Democratic candidate To avoid criti
cism that he Is playing politics with
tho grand Jury States Attornoy Hoyno
will ask for dq action until after the
election Apiil 1
Judge Charles M Thompson of the
Appellate court called attention to the
fact that a Judge of the Superior court
will bo elected on April 1 and that the
votors should not entirely oveilook
this Important matter In the coniuslon
of tho city campaign
lie also Indorsed Judge John M
O'Connor for leeloctlnu and paid n
high trlhuto to his iccord both in tli
state legislature and on the bench.
Former Aid John (iolombu .ShUl'
nomination In the Republican prluiuiy
In the Twenty ninth ward for nlder
mnn was coullu-i by tho recount
of th" oto The ollldnl tuuuhttlon
shows he received .'.111! otos, to
2,000 for Aid John limbec.
Tho reUlou of i.'glsti.itlon. an
nounced by the election eotnmlhilon
ers leaves 70.1 077 names on the hooka
for the April I election a banner
record. Only 12,110 names were erub
ed In the llnal revision. The total
now ollp.lble to oto In April is made
up of 493,222 men and 302.755 women.
Tho Twonty-flfth ward hns the largest
voting strength -12,723. Tho Twentj
sovonth ward is second, tho Thirty
third third, and tho Sovonth fourth.
Ltrtput Wec-ri? Grcubtiw Amn
Pcepli ef Iofluaaea ad ftinf,f