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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
An Independent Sewtpaptr, Fearleit
LLOYD GEORGE VS. N0RTHCLIFFE
SUBSCRIPTION RATES 52.00 TER YEAR
AildrtM All Communlraltoa to
179 WEST WASHINGTON ST.
Telephone Main 3913
Southeast Coi.ier Wathiacton St.
and Well St.
HENRY F. DONOVAN, Editor ind PubliiW
Enttrtd u 8Mid Clfta Matter October
II. l!l, at the ret Offle at ChlcftKO, 111 t
aole, under Ar -. March I. 17.
ES'H' ISHED OCTOBER 5, 1M9
aorporattd Udr the Lawi of Illlnole.
Toundd by MBNnY F. DONOVAN.
The Chleaao Eaglt, a nawepapar
r ail ciaivB ot rui, , .ww-
ef readen, It devoted
State and Local pel.
publication of Mu-
, Couoty and Ban-
met la in
ublleatlan ef Qenirtl Infarmaflan
ef Public Intaratt. Financial, Cam.
mirciai ana rviiucau
SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1919.
THE LUXURY TAX.
The Luxury tnx went Into effect this
While the luxury tnx hits women's
finery, beautlflers, and many things
that they might exist without, It finds
a way Into the pocketbooks of nearly,
every man, woman and child.
Ico cream, soda water, and candy do
not cscapo. Sodas, sundaeB, lemon
ades, and the like that today nnd to
morrow may bo had for 15 cents, on
and after Thursday will cost 17 cents.
The new tax adds 1 cent for every 10
cents or part of 10 cents such refresh,
Then the Items of druggists' sun
dries, patent medicines nnd things like
that. Your 25 cent tube of tooth pasto
will cost you 20 cents beginning
Thursday, as will everything else the
druggist sells that now costs n quar
ter. Tho now tnx ndds 1 penny for
every 25 cents of un article's l-ost, and
this Includes patent medicines, cos
metics, talc powder, nnd everything
else. Candy, chewing gum, kodak
111ms fall In the samo class when It
comes to garnering the war tax pen
nies. Tho following aro some of tho ar
ticles upon which tho government Is
preparing to collect a tax of 10 per
Handbags, on tho amount in excess
of $7.50 each.
House or smoking coats or jackets
and bath or lounging robes, on tho
amount In excess of $7.50 rnch.
Men's waistcoats, sold sepnrntely
from suits, on tho amount In excess
of $5 each.
Women's nnd misses' hats, bonnets,
and hoods, on tho amount in excess of
Men's nnd boys' hnts on tho amount
In excess of $5 each.
Men's and boys' caps on tho nmount
In excess of $2 each.
Men's, women's, misses', and boys'
boots, shoes, pumps, and slippers, not
Including shoes or appllunccs made to
order or for any porson having a
crippled or deformed foot or ankle, on
the amount in excess of $10 a pair.
Men's and boys neckties nnd neck
wear, on the nmount in excess of $2
Women's and misses' silk stockings
or hose, on tho amount In excess of $2
Men's, women's, misses', and boys'
pajamas, night gowns, and underwear,
on the amount in excess of $5 each.
THE FIFTH LOAN.
This, it is pointed out by tho Qov
ernment authorities, is fortunate, for
Undo Sam will havo to ask for a very
large amount in order to meet his re
maining military outlays. Tho pro
ceeds of tho Fourth Liberty Loan wore
all exhausted by December 1, and
since then tho Government has been
borrowing money from tho banks to
meet its current bills. These havo
been heavier since the signing of tho
armistice than before, as tho liquidat
ing of tho war machine necessarily
entailod a considerable augmentation.
The American peoplo In tho first
three Government loans, furnlBhod tho
money with which to construct tho
war machine. Tho Fourth loan saw
it well Into the victorious drive that
ended the war. But tho concluding
battles, tho weeks of expenslvo delay
slnco the amlstlce, the bringing homo
of the men who are to bo discharged,
and tho liquidating of tho war con
tracts must nil bo paid for with money
to be rasled in a fifth great popular
The record of business failures In
tho United States for tho year 1918
shows that American business men
aro in splendid shapo to make large
subscriptions to tho Fifth Loan, The
twelve months Just closed say only
9,982 failures. This compares with
13,855 in 1917, 16,933 In 191C, and 22,
156 In 1915. This shows, Tor 1918, a
65 decrease Tho totnl la the
smallest since 1899, when thero woro
9,337 failures. By reason of tho
great Increase in the numbor of busii
nary District nwirw wmmwi
en peaxl In public lr) to cImh
aaaejall and Baaru. and to the
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President of the County Board.
Hess houses in tho country slnco
1899, tho 1918 failures aro relatively
oven much smaller than then.
Farmers everywhere aro making
the greatest returns In history.
Wheat is pegged at $2.20 nnd tho
Government Is nlso practically guar
anteeing tho price of hogs and corn.
Among wngo earners, despite tho
high cost of living, thoro In a mnrkod
general prosperity. Tho average
yearly wage of the United States
Steel Compnny employes Is now $1,
574, against $905 In 1913 nnd $669 in
1902, a 120 percent Increase. Tllo In
crease In tho Inst flvo years is 74.
Common labor, receiving $2 a dny be
foro tho war, now gets from $3.50 to
$5. Skilled men now get on the
nverago from $C to $20 a day and few
get as much as $75 a day. In the
Scattlo shipyards men are getting $1S
Railway wages hhvo been advanced
$700,000,000 per annum in the last
year, following a $100,000,000 advance
given by tho Adamson law. Tho fol
lowing tnblo shows the relative pay,
in 1914 and now and may bo taken
as n minimum of tho advances In
nearly all fields of employment.
Ofilco boy, per wcok..$ 8.00 $ 13.40
Minor station agent,
per month 74.75 182.00
Baggage man, por
month 72.80 144.40
Drawbridge deck hand 90.00 188.28
Car repairer or black
smith, por, day 5.22 9.52
jMaln carman, por day.. 4,02 8.12
Tickot clerk, por month 72.80 122.11
Ticket clerk and tele
phone oporator, por
month 75.83 182.00
Out In the country, farm hands who
used to bo happy over $30 n month
with board, aro now getting as much
as $8 a day.
Tho cost of living has, obviously,
taken up much of tho gain In wages
and profits ovorywhoro, but thoro Is
still loft n handsome margin. Tho
public, In 1914, could havo bought
bonds In trornondous amounts and
slnco then, taking tho country by and
largo, profits and wages havo mounted
nioro than living coBts, Whon tho
Fifth Loan Is offered to tho public in
tho spring, Undo Sam will bo de
cidedly unwilling to accept any plea
of Inability to subscribe
Thomas J. 9auennan of Ohio and
Clark streets and proprietor of the
oldest taloon and restaurant In Chi
cago baa tho finest bar flxturea la
America. They were made over fifty
yean ago, and the carving waa an
done by hand. The German Historical
Horlety haa taken photographs ef
Matt Alter would make a good City
Treasurer. He Is a sterling Democrat
and has worked hard to put many good
men Into public office.
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Popular County Assessor Who Was Presented With a Diamond Star.
The So-Called Legal Fraternity
Rotten With Alleged Lawyers,
Who Live Upon the Sorrows
Tho Chicago legal fraternity needs
n purgative. It Is too full of crooks
nnd blackmailers who nro living upon
tho misfortunes of others. Fellows
who havo given up all sorts of jobs
whero they had an opportunity to got
hold of other people's troubles, llko
discharged and discredited former
assistant public nttornoys, and other
vermin of that ilk aro reported to bo
thriving just now. One long-haired,
splndlc-shnukcd scoundrel, who hold
an official Job long enough to get on
both sides of a certnin dlvorco case,
Is reported to havo qulto n meal
ticket working both sides of It. Ho
Is only ono of many. This class of
vermin Is boosted and aided by cer
tain "roform" associations, somo of
which are pnid out of tho public
funds nnd nro "authorized" black
mailers. Tho exposure of theso frauds is cor
tain to come, nnd will shako tho
daylights out of tho legal crooks,
who now fatten on human mlsory.
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Popular City Sealer Who Was Re
appointed. Balasslno'u Grand Opera Restaurant
at 524 South Wabash avenuo, Is very
popular with the Chicago public. Wo
havo heard its bill of faru and high
class singing and entertainment
praised by oxcollont judges.
Emll Longhl, tho popular proprie
tor of the justly famous Italian
Greek Products Company at 1518-20
South Wabash avenue, has built up a
great reputation in the business world
on account of the excellence of the
oltve oil and fine imported wines
handled by his house.
It looks like war to the knife be
tweuii Lloyd (loorgo nnd XurthrilflV,
The British premier turned on the
tiewepapor num vlclouily, mid gave
lilm a 'inif.lng that left nothing to
be snld, Tho lm(imit was pictured w
u dliipmlnt(Mi meker nfter glory nnd
power, wlurso fnllure to achieve his
nnihltlon us dictator In war unit pence
had left him milTerlng from Injured
pride. "Diseased vanity" was the di
agnosis of Liod George diseased
vanity that soudiUo avenge Itself by
(Tenting (llcinl ami stixplclon among
The premier lias (iinllenged a pow
erful foe, but challenged him boldly.
Llojd George and Lord NorthclllTe
probably are the two moxt Influential
personal forces In British politics, and
now Unit they nrc fiercely and publicly
Ht war, the effect on .Mr. Lloyd
George's political foitunes and the test
of the Inlluence of llicNorthcllfToiireHs
which Is expected to follow, will mark
the developments of uhkh are bolim
ISHII'S DEPARTURE MEANS WHAT?
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ington by the Tcrauchl go eminent, an Imperialistic and militaristic ministry,
which was driven from power a few months ago by popular disapproval of the
LOUIS J. STASK0,
The United Slntos nrmy points
with pride though Individual soldier
at times vleweil with alarm to i'rlvnte
Louis J. Stasko, champion crap shooter,
A. 10. F. He has been nine months In
the nrmy and now bo Is going to .Toilet
with $17,000 In his clothes, all of It
won ut craps. No; not to the peni
tentiary .Toilet, HI., Is his home.
And no man can win .? 17,000 with
"phony" dice In tlm A. i:.'F.; there
are too many quick-eyed ami hard-
fisted players, lliegani
Welli I'rivate SlaskiP wi
twenty-eight years ago In .Toilet of
Slav parents. He was earning $40 a
week as nruiiclilnlst in a rolling mill
when Uncle Sam put li I rii on his pay
roll at $!) a month. Hlasko had
"rolled the hones" at home; after en
listment he spent his leisure and the
other doughboys spent their money
From Jollet Klnslio went to Jeffer
son barracks. Missouri. Ills first two weeks showed a profit of $1,100. Four
weeks at Fort Leavenworth .lchlcd another thousand. At Camp Merrltt, tho
embarkation lamp on the edge of New York, money was plenty and his win
nings were large. At Havre, France, he trimmed the negro stevedores. At
Knotty Ash, Liverpool, Kuglaud, a distribution camp, he had a constant streum
of new ciiNtniners.
NANSEN TO FEED
b "it '" 'iMUM ' JMf'i' ' s
to organize, a purely humanitarian committee, for tho provisioning of Itussln.
"It docs not appear that the existing authorities In Itussln would refuse
the Intervention of such a cnmmltteo of a wholly nonpolltlcal order, devoted
solely to the humnnltarlan service of suvlng life."
Doctor Nausen In conclusion points out that such a commission would
raise no question of political negotiations. N
AMERICAN SOLDIERS IN SIBERIA
American troops In Siberia woro
withheld from assisting the JapaneBo
detachment which was nearly annihi
lated In an engagement with Hussions
at Habarovsk on February 25 last, bo
cause Japanese troops had shot down
Russian women and children.
This reason has been reported to
tho war department by MnJ. Gen. Wil
liam Sidney Graves, commanding ofll
cer of tho American expeditionary
forces Imbed on Vladivostok.
Generul Graves assigns also as a
reason for icf using American partici
pation that ho did not recognize as a
real enemy the UusslntiR against whom
tho Japanese were sent to light.
On account of Its Importance and
Its posslblo bearing on American rela
tions with the Japaneso government,
the war department has refrained from
making public General Graves' report.
Army officials havo remained si
lent under allegations, nut of which
the .lapanesii press has been making
forces' had permitted u Japaneso force
the beginning of u new political chapter,
discussed with the liveliest Interest.
Conlllctlng versions of the Impend
ing return of Viscount Ishll, the Jap
anese ambassador, to Tokyo, an
nounced by the Japanese cmbnssy, are
the subject of animated speculation In
American official nnd diplomatic cir
cles. According to the enihnssy, the nm
bnssndur Is going home on leave to
consult with his government on vari
ous questions relating to the relations
of the United' States and Japan, and
Is expected to return to Washington to
resume his duties. The embassy wan
at pains to emphasize that there is no
friction between the American nnd
Japanese governments which might ac
count for It.
The other version of tho Incident
Is that the ambassador has been re
called by his government, Is taking his
family with him, and will nut return to
Viscount Ishll was sent to Wash
Dr. Frldtjof Nnnsen of Norwuy,
head of the coiiiiiiIaMoi! appointed by
the peuce conference to feed Itussln,
Is famous by reason of his arctic ex
plorations and 'experiences. Ills "Far
thest North" (1807), which tells of his
drifting for two years on tho Frnm, Is
his best-known book. Doctor Nnnsen'a
letter to Wilson, Lloyd George, Cle
lueuceuu and Orlando, suggesting tho
commission, reads lit part: '
"The present food situation In
Itusslu, where hiinaveds of thousands
of peoplo are dying monthly from sheer
starvation and disease, Is one of tho
problems now uppermost In ull men's
minds. As It appears that no solution
of this food question has so far been
reached In any delegation, I would llko
to make a suggestion from a neutral
point of view for tho benefit of this
glguntlc misery, on purely humani
"It would appear to mo posslblo
capital hi Tokyo, that tho American
to be wiped out. ,
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EDWARD F. CULLERTON.
Able Lawyer Who Attacked the Municipal Voters' League In the City Council
NEED HOUSE NUMBEIS
Over Half the Residences, Stores,
Apartment Buildings and Other
Structures in Chiccago Are
Tho casual observer cannot fall to
notico that ono of tho crying needs
of Chicago is street numbers on tho
Slnco tho passage of tho new street
car ordinance, which provides for
tho stopping of tho cars nt oven
numbered corners only, tho absonco
of tho numbors is painfully notice
able, nnd much nnnoyanco is felt In
Letter carriers and others who havo
long suffered from this flagrant dis
regard of tho law requiring numbors
on overy houso, havo grown tired of
uttering complaints. No attention
was paid to thorn.
Wholo blocks nil over Chicago aro
without numbors, and no ono In au
thority appears to caro about tho
Chester A. Phillips & Co., tho well
known sales, engineers, in tho Old
Colony Building, havo a national repu
tation for efficiency and squaro deal
ing and no concern in tho country
furnishos bottor locomotives, steam
shovols, excavators, locomotivo cranes,
railway cars, steel rails, railroad
power, mining, shipbuilders and con
DENNI8 J. EQAN.
Popular Chief Bailiff of the Municipal
A big fight is botng made at Spring
flold for tho passage of tho following
laws affecting Chicago:
Non-partisan elections foraldormon
Reducing tho number 6f aldermon
from seventy to fifty.
Increasing tho number of city
wards from thlrty-fivo to fifty, with
ono aldorman representing each ward.
Hocall for aldermon and mayor.
Eliminating tho officoa of city
clerk and city treasurer from tho
elective offices and making thorn ap
polnttvo by tho council.
Tho bills, if successfully pushed
through tho state legislature, must go
to tho peoplo for ratification on a ref
Tho city manager plan of govern
ment, which was also submitted to
the city council, was put In tho dis
card. Only a few voiced their senti
ments In favor of tho city manager
plan, and thero were many enemies.
The majority of tho aldermon did not
feel that tho council bo trusted with
tho selection of a mayor, and others
raised tho objection that the people
would thoroby havo no voice In tho
selection of tholr executive.
Tho contemplated chnngo in tho
aldermanlc system was first brought
to tho council in a bill providing for
four years instead of two-year terras
for tho city fathers and provided for
ono aldorman from each of thlrty
fivo wards. It lost by a voto of 32
I to 27 and was then amended to pro
vide for fifty wards, with an aldor
man from each.
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Willingness to co-operato In any
movement that will hotter the trans
portation system of Chicago was ex
pressed by Leonard A. Busby, presi
dent of the Chicago Surfaco Lines, In
a statement to tho city council com
mltteo on local transportation. Tho
aldermen woro considering Mayor
Thompson's rccommondatlon that for
feiture proceedings bo brought bo
cause of alleged fatluro of tho surfaco
lino companies to comply with tho
torms of tho 1007 ordinances. Tho
mayor's contentions woro riddled by
Waltor L. Flshor, traction counsel for
tho city, and Mr. Busby.
"Tho scrvlco Is now tiro best which
it Is practical to maintain undor oxist
lng physical -conditions, and sopoxate
ownorship and oporation of tho sur
faco and olovated lines," said Mr.
"Tho reason wo cannot get bottor
service during tho rush hours and
carry moro peoplo with greater speed
and comfort Is that It Is physically Im
possible to oporato moro cars during
tho rush hours In or through tho con
gested down town district. Those con
ditions In tho down town district im
ppso limitations on tho sorvlco out
sldo this district, for tho reason that '
tho main trunk linos from tho outlying
soctlons of tho city nearly alt run info
or through this congested torrltory.
"Tho congestion In tho torrltory
from Chicago avenuo to 22d stroot,
and from Hnlsted stroot to tho lake
is increasing ovory year, and trafDo
conditions aro growing worso.
"Thcronly solution practicable is tho
unification of tho surfaco and olovated
lines, and tho construction of subways
through tho congestod territory. Wo
cannot stop whore wo aro. A solution
of tho problem must bo found.
"I wish to mako It plain that the
surfaco lino companies will co-operato
with tho city in any plan which will
furnlBh better conditions."
FROM LOT LINE
TO LOT LINE
As City Owns All of Street It
Should Clean Sidewalks
The city claims the ownership of
tho streets from lot line to lot line
and all obstructions on tho sidewalk!
from news stands to snow are there
with its permission. It rents space on
sidewalks at Its own sweet will. It
should, therefore) keep the sidewalks
as well as tho rest of the streets clean.
But It does not. The money that the
city should spend on the cleaning of
dirty sidewalks Is wasted on 12,000,000
worth of unnecessary Job holders.
that the Oliver Nine,
Typewriters, now sell
ing for $57, are brand
new, latest models, the
identical machines in
every way, that sold for
$100 before the Oliver
inaugurated its present
and selling plans.
Telephone today, Randolph 500.
A representative will show you
an Oliver Nine and give full de
tails with no obligations to you.
The Oliver Typewriter Company
B-21 Oliver Typewriter Bldg, Chicago