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hie: Chicago EiAOi-e:.
!je Cfjicngo Cagle
fUBLlSHED EVERY SATURDAY
An Independent Newspaper, Fearlett
SUBSCRIPTION RATES $2.00 PER YEAR
Addro AH Communtcnlloae to
179 WEST WASHINGTON ST.
Telephone Main 3913
Southeast Coi.ier Washington St.
and Well. St.
HENRY F. DONOVAN, Editor and Publisher
Entered a 8il Claaa Matter October
11. 1SI9. at the teat Offlc at Clitoaco, till
aol. under Af - March I, 1S7.
ES"1"-"' 1SHED OCTOBER S, ISM
aorporated UMter the Laws ot Illinois.
rounded by HBMIIY T. DONOVAN.
The Chicago SsQle, a newapapar
far all classes of reader, Is devpted
to National, "State .and, Local Pol
ities) to the publication ot Mu
nicipal. State, County and San.
Itar? District news) to eommant
Ktaapls In public life) to clean
iseball and gporis, and to ,th
publication of General information
f Public Interest. Financial, Com
mtrclal and RoJItlcal.
SATURDAY, MAY 10, 1919.
Tho dally papers hnvo been full of
the details of tho story of Hint Iowu
man who "cleaned up" $2,500,000 on
n corner In corn.
Wo have not rend anything tending
to show that thcro was any criticism
of thlB man forrnlslng tho prlco of
food In order to futton his pocket
book. This deal looks queer tit this tlmo
when brewers, distillers nud other
taxpayers aro being put out of busi
ness In order to "savo food for tho
SMOKING IN CARS.
Health Commissioner Robertson Is
going to light tho proposed rovocatlon
ot tho order prohibiting smoking on
street cars and elevated trains, as
proposed In resolutions now boforo
tho city council commlttoo on Judici
ary. "Not n slnglo porson familiar with
tho city's health conditions would
favor restoring Htnoklng," said Dr.
Itobortson. "I shall tell tho alder
men thoy nro taking n stop backward."
A fow aldermen havo declared In
favor of rovoklng tho order.
THE FIFTH LOAN.
Tlila It la tnlntm1 nnf liv fllO ClnV
ornmont authorities, is fortunnto, for
. Undo Sam will havo to ask for a vory
largo amount In order to meet his re
maining military outlays. Tho pro
coeds of tho Fourth Llborty Loan woro
all exhausted by December 1, and
slnco then tho Government has been
borrowing money from tho banks to
meet Its current bills. Thcso have
been heavier since tho signing ot tho
armistico than beforo, as tho liquidat
ing of tho war machlno nocossarlly
entailed a considerable augmentation.
Tho American peoplo in the first
throo Government loans, furnished tho
monoy with which to construct tho
war machlno. Tho Fourth loan saw
it well Into tho victorious drive that
onded tho war, But tho concluding
battles, tho weeks of oxpenslvo dolay
slnco tho amlstlco, tho bringing homo
of tho men who aro to bo discharged,
and tho liquidating of tho war con
tracts must nil bo paid for with monoy
to bo rasled in a fifth great popular
Tho rocord ot business failures in
tho United States for tho year 1918
shows that American business men
aro in splendid sliapo to mako largo
subscriptions to tho Fifth Loan, Tho
twelve months Just closed say only
9,982 failures. This compares with
13,855 In 1917, 16,933 In 1910, and 22,
150 in 1915. This shows, for 1918, a
55 decrease. Tho total Is tho
smallest slnco 1899, when thcro woro
9,337 failures. By reason of tho
great Increase in tho numbor of busi
ness houses In tho country slnco
1899, tho 1918 falluros aro relatively
even much smaller than thon.
Farmors ovorywhoro aro mnklng
tho greatest roturns In history
Wheat is pegged at ?2.20 and tho
Government is also practically guar
antooing tho price of hogs and corn,
Among wage carnors, despite tho
high cost of living, thoro is a marked
genoral prosperity. Tho nornge
yearly wage of tho United States
Stoel Company omplojos is now si,-
574, against $005 In 1913 and $CC9 in
1902, a 120 percont increase. Tho In
creaso In tho last flvo years Is 74 "
Common labor, receiving $2 a tlnv In
foro tho war, now gots from $3.50 to
$5. Skilled men now get on tho
average from $C to $20 a day and fow
got ns much as $75 a day. In tho
Seattlo shipyards men are getting $18
Railway wngos havo boon ndvancod
$700,000,000 por annum in tho Inst
year, following a $lftfi non ooo advanro
given by tho Adamscm Jaw. Tho fol
lowing tabh' Hhoui tho relaMvo pay.
in 1914 and now and may bo taken
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IXON C. WILLIAMS.
Well Known Chicago Manufacturer and Popular Democratic Leader and
as a minimum of tho ndvancos in
nearly all fields of employment.
Ofllco boy, per wcok..$ 8.00 $ 13.40
Minor station agent,
per month 74.75 182.00
Baggngo man, per
month 72.80 1-14.40
Drawbridge deck hnnd 90.00 188.28
Cnr repnlrcr or black
smith, per day 5.22 9.52
Plain carman, per day.. 4.02 8.12
Ticket clerk, por month 72.80 122.11
Ticket clerk and tele
phono oporator, per
month 75.83 182.00
Out In tho country, farm hands who
UEcd to bo happy over $30 a month
with board, aro now getting as much
as $8 a dny.
Tho cost ot living hns, obvlous'ly,
tnken up much of tho gain in wagos !
and profits everywhere, but thcro Is
still loft a handsomo mnrgln. Tho
public, In 1914, could hnvo bought
bonds In tremendous amounts and
slnco then, taking tho country by and
largo, profits and wnges havo mounted
mora tlinn living costs. When tho
Fifth Loan is offered to tho public in
tho spring, Undo Sam will bo de
cidedly unwilling to ncco'pt nny ploa
of Inability to subscribe
THE BL0CKI ESTATE
Although tho inventory of tho cs
tnto of Frcdorlck W. Blockl, formerly
member of the board of rovlow and
n prominent politician, totals $251,5rl,
this amount will probably bo reduced
considerably, it is believed.
Tho bulk of Mr. lllocki's property
was in stocks and bonds, ot which
$105,310 nro listed ns "doubtful" and
$102,150 ns "despornto." Of tho Horns
listed in tho lnvontory tho only ones
whoso value was established aro $31,
100 worth of Liberty Loan bonds and
War Savings Stumps, $9C0 In n bank
and real cstato valued at $750. All
of tho property Is bequeathed to tho
widow, Mrs. Loulso W. Blockl, 822
Buonn avenuo, to whom an award of
$10,000 pending tho administration ot
tho cstnto, was approved by tho Pro
Charles Lutt, ono of tho best known
and most popular citizens of Tcrro
Haute, Indiana, has boon visiting Mr.
and Mrs. Harry M. Rosonberg of 5327
Prnliio avenuo. Mr. Lutt who has
beon frequently mentioned for con
gress from his district Is for Indiana
first, Inst and all of tho time.
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FRANK JOHNSTON, JR.
Popular Judge of Circuit Court.
THE SMOKE NUISANCE
Spociul Counsel Walter L. Fisher
Informed Chnlrmnn Llpps Hint tho
city hns good clnlms to recovor tltlo
to tho uncxtended portions of South
Water and River sts., held by tho rail
rond for sixty yenrs and vnlued nt
between $S,000,000 and $10,000,000.
This nnd other matters will bo
placed beforo olllclals of tho road.
Chfilrman Llpps requested Attorney
Daniel J. Schuyler, for tho road, to
Invito tho president nnd other offi
cials to attend tho meeting.
Tho ordlnnnco provides for com
plete electrification of tho Illinois
Central terminals in four stages. Tho
first throo would cllmlnato 95 por
cent of tho smoko nuisance.
A now terminal nt Indiana avenuo,
near Fourteenth street, to bo connect
ed witli n hugo hotel and ofllco build
ing fronting on Michigan nvonuo is
Tho slioro lino development jrroj-,
cct Includes an outer parkway from
the mouth ot tho river to Jackson
Park. At lntorvnlsj will bo bathing
beaches to accommodnto thousands.
Botwecn tho railroad right-of-way
and tho park will bo a wide lagoon
for motor boat regattas, canoeing and
water concourso of smnll crnft.
Over tho outer park a drlvoway is
planned connecting with Lako Shoro
drlvo nnd Sherldnn rond to provldo
n motor highway from South Chlcngo
Thnt tho improvement will bring
additional tourists from nil ovor tho
country to Chicago n clean city
nnd afford thorn n playground unsur
pnsscd in the world, Is by no means
tho lenst nrgument bnck ot tho proj
Chostor A. Phillips & Co., tho woll
known sales engineers, in tho Old
Colony Building, hnvo n nntionnl ropu
tntlon for olllclency nnd aquaro deal
ing nnd no concern In tho country
furnishes butter locomotivos, steam
shovols, oxenvntors, locomotlvo crnnos,
rnllwny cars, steel mils, railroad
power, mining, shipbuilders nnd con
Edmund T. Porklns, tho woll known
engineer, Is n progressive Chicngonn
with n nntionnl rcputntlon in life pro
fession. Flotchor Dobyns, tho populnr mas
tor in chnncory, Is nt tho forofront
in every movement for tho better
ment ot Chicago.
MADDEN ON A. E. F. MAIL SERVICE
,1 II i . in . , i , ,1 a,, .
Congressman Mnrtln II. Miulden
nt Illinois, after nn Inspection of tho
A. 13. F. mnll service, snys tho condi
tion Is one ho purposes to nlr. He
siiyM, among other things:
"My long association ns member
of the congressional postal committee
hud prepnred me for mnny revelations,
but I confess I wns staggered when I
snw the regulations under which tho
mnlMo the A. E. V. Is handled.
"For example: When the majority
of a unit moves or goes home mnll for
tho remnlnlng minority never renched
them, becnuse the unbroken bugs nre
forwnrded to the new locntlon. Un
der these conditions, where so mnny
units hnvo been broken tip or detached,
tho minority never gets Its mnll.
"Again, where a majority of tho
unit remains In I'rnnce and the mi
nority moves the bags nro held and
no effort Is made to forward the
minority's mnll. I do not consider tho
explanation inndc nt Bourgos, to wit, that men can get their mnll by writing to
the bureau of records Is nn ultbl for this stupid practice.
J. H. BARNES: U. S. WHEAT DIRECTOR
bility will bo directly to myself after
tho grain corporation on July 1."
ANSELL ON ARMY
Lieutenant Colonel Ansel), former
nctlng Judgo ndvocnto general of the
United States army, said beforo tho In
vestigating committee ot the American
Bar association that tho existing army
system of Justice was derived from the
days when "common soldiers" wero
tho vassals of the king rather than citi
zens ot the btitfe, and declared that
It was the iiaturnl result of such a sys
tem that an ofllcer caste should bo
Deilnrlng It n fact thnt the enlist
ed man did not receive the sainu con
sideration of his rights under tho sys
tem' Hint ollleera enjoyed, Colonel
Anscll nrgued thnt the only remedy
,lay In writing Into tho law tho gunrnn
'tees of tho rights" of the Hildlcr. While
this Is left to regulations to bo pre
Kcilbed by the president,, ho said, It
cannot bo effective. "The attitude of
tliu army," ho added, "has been Intol
erant toward thoco methods necessary
to Justice. They do not tnko kindly to legal restraints. Congress cannot
command the army, but congress hhould prescribe tho rules for Its discipline.
If you are going to huvu any law wmthy of tho name, you will not get It by
committing It to departmental regulation."
BURLESON: DEMOCRATIC STORM CENTER
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World clients telegrams offering this article- for publication, on tho ground thnt
It "appeared to bit improper." This bnn wns quickly removed. But tho nvcrngo
citizen "views wl(h alarm" Mich uso of tho power of censorship. It presents
nn Issue fur greater tlinn nny factional political light.
DIAZ: ITALIAN COMMANDER IN CHIEF
Gen. Armando Diaz Is nn Interest
ing world llguro Just now, Inasmuch us
ho Is tho commander In chief of tho
Itnllnn armies and much depends upon
him In tho complicated situation of
which Flume Is tho storm center.
General Diaz was n noteworthy llguro
at Purls In connection with tho penco
conference and left with Orlando when
tho Italian premier went to Itomo to
consult with tho Itnllnn parliament.
At tho wiiiie tlmo there wero reports
that II dlMMons of tho Italian army
had been moved to Flumo and vicinity.
On tho Italian basis ot 11,000 troops
to tho dlvMon this menus nearly 'J00,
Flume Is n Ilungnrinn seaport thnt
has had Italian charaeteilstlcs ever
since the iln.vs of the Ilnimiii empire.
In 101 1 the city held 110,000 Italians,
15,000 Slavs mid 0,000 Muurs. Tho
Hungarian governim'Ht had tried by
(-nlciiUtitloii and In other ways to
wipe out the Italian traits or the city.
Uc-nit is that Fluiue should be allowed
Julius II. Bnrncs, president of the
fcdcrul grain corporation, who has
been appointed wheat director to the
United Stutes by President Wilson,
will direct tho bundling of tho entire
1010 whrnt crop and will administer
tho 91,000,000,000 fund appropriated
by congress to tnko caro of tho crop
under tho government guaranteed
prlotf. He was selected for tho place
ui4n recommendation of Herbert
In addition to tho administration
of tho $1,000,000,000 fund, Mr. Bnrncs
will remain president of tho $150,000,
000 government grain corporation,
which will continue to function as tho
commercial agency for carrying out
the government policies nnd which nlso
nets ns tho purchasing representative
of tho American relief administration.
President Wilson snld In his cable
to Mr. Bnrnes, requeHtlngilm to be
come wheat director: "Your responsi
Mr. Hoover's retirement ns chairman of
Postmaster Albert Sidney Burle
son was recently referred to ns tho
"storm center of a Kerlous Democratic
family row." Tho men behind tho war
faro on Burleson Include soma of the
-most Important members of tho ad
ministration. Tho Now York World,
chief organ of tho administration, be
gan n campaign to oust Burleson from
tho cabinet by publishing a broadside
of n page and n half grilling tho post
master genernl for his administration
of tho postal and wire services, his
nutocratlc methods, Intolerance of or
ganized labor, alleged tyrannical and
merciless treatment ot employees, and,
Incidentally, harking back to tho In
vestigation of tho treatment of tho con
victs on the Burleson plantation In
From tho viewpoint of tho nvcrngo
citizen tho most Important feature of
tho row was tho refusal of tho Burlo
son telegraph ofllrlalH to transmit to
it Igrn NempKf e.nL.1
But It wns fruitless. The Itnllun view
to pick Italy uu lu country.
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P. J. O'KEEFFE.
One of the Leading Members of the Chicago Bar.
CHIEF GARRITY'S PLANS
Chief of Police John J. Gnrrlty,
speaking nt tho Forty club, told of
his plans to lesson crlmo by increased
olllclency on tho forco.
"I find tho department," he snld,
"topsy turvy ovving to Jcnlouslcs be
tween tho men nnd between thoso
who nro nfrnld somo others will ac
complish more than themselves nnd
thereby got better mnrklngs.
"I hopa to cllmlnato this troublo and
thereby bring about n hotter organiza
tion, and with hotter organization to
suppress crlmo In Chicago. As it is,
tho total of cases ot crlmo committed
this year is not so great ns prior to
tho war. ,
"LttBt year every ono thnt could en
listed nnd tho drnft did not overlook
tho crooks, but this yenr crlmo is go
ing up slnco tho roturn of tho troops.
"I nm not blaming tho scrvico for
nny of thcso crimes. Fnr ho It from
mo, for I havo spent somo thirty years
In tho mllltnry service. Tho men re
turning went through short but dan
gerous work nnd they woro not always,
under tho supervision of their olllcors,
so nnd not tho opportunity for disci
pline, nnd thoso who woro criminals
beforo had llttlo chanco for correction.
"I hnvo recently mot with tho state
pnrolo board, and thoy havo nrrnnged
to notify tho Chicago pollco depart
ment when a convict applies for pn
rolo, in order thnt tho depnrtment mny
plnco boforo tho board n complcto
record ot tho nppllcnnt's enrcor. This
is important, ns somo of thoso crim
inals havo twcnty-llvo or tWrty cases
"Tho Chicago pollco department will
nlso havo a comploto record of each
paroled man, his home, nnd porsonnl
characteristics, so that whon ho vio
lates hla parolo wo can quickly pick
him up. For this purposo I hnvo ns
signed six or seven men with the
board who will have n check on pa
roled men each week for many, nnd
once a month for nil, nnd I think this
will tend to lesson crlmo.
"Attention should bo given to young
lnds who nro led Into crlmo llfo by
nssoclatos thoy pick up In poolrooms
on tho outskirts ot tho city, where
questions aro not asked.
"For this and other troubles I would
recommend a recreation place for
Alderman Walter P. Stoffen is mak
ing a flno record in tho city council.
Adam WolMs one or tns moat popi
lar men in Chicago. You can't beat
Thomas, 3. Sauennan of Ohio and
Clark streets and proprietor ot the
oldest saloon and restaurant In Chi
cago has tho finest bar fixtures la
America. Thoy woro made over fifty
years ago, and the carving was all
done by hand. The Gorman Historical
Hoclety has takon photographs of
Matt Allor would mafco a good City
Treasurer. Ho Is a sterling Democrat
and has worked hard to put many good
men into public ofllce.
Baldasslno's Grand Opora Restaurant
nt 521 South Wnbnsh avenue, is vory
populnr with tho Chlcngo public. Wo
hnvo heard Its bill of fnro nnd high
clnss singing nnd entertninmont
prnlsed by excellent Judges.
Otto Ruotor, tho loador among Chi
cago renl ostato subdtvlders, has
opened a now ofllco nt 32 North Donr
born streot. It Is encouraging to tho
real ostato world as woll as to tho
proporty ownors nnd prospective buy
ers to seo Mr. Ituotor blazing tho way
to a big trado with tho finest roal os
tato ofllco In Chicago on tho ground
floor of n big building on n prominont
Judgo John A. Manonor of tha
Municipal court Is very popular wit
the people because of tha good, com
mon sense he displays on the benob.
W. S. Tothlll, tho great manufac
turer of gymnasium and playground
apparatus, at 1815 Webster avenue,
has n national reputation bocauso ot
the pvrnllcnco and reliability ot his
LOWDEN FOR PRESIDENT
Gov. Lowdcn's presidential boom has
beon launched In tho cast by Con
gressman William B. McKluloy, of
Champaign, who was Taft's campaign
manager in 1912. In an nrtlclo to bo
published in tho Mny 3 lesuo of Les
lie's, advance- copies of which hnvo
been sent out, Mr. McKluloy, under
tho caption, "Why Better Times Aro
at Hand," says 1920 Is to bo a Repub
"In Illinois," ho writes, "wo hnvo a
former congrcssmnu who hns inndo
n great record as a pcoplo's governor
nnd ns n wnr governor Frank O.
Lowden. I nih for Lowdon for the
next president of tho United States.
"Tho November, 1918, election and
tho local elections ot this winter and
spring havo served notico that Repub
lican times nro coming, Hint tho peo
plo aro tlrod of professional theories
nud socialism, thnt Inelllclcncy nnd pa
ternalism must end, and Hint they
look to tho Republican party to wipe
out autocratic government nnd restore
tho constitution. A Republican con
gress will net now ns n servant ot tho
peoplo nnd not of a president."
Mr. McKluloy, who Is tho now presi
dent of tho Amorican section of tho
International Parliamentary union, re
cently sailed for his second trip to tho
dovnstatcd regions of Franco and
Emil Longhl, tho populnr proprie
tor of tho Justly famous Italian &
Greek Products Company at 1518-20
South Wabash avenuq, has built up a
great reputation in tho buslnoss world
on nccount of tho oxcollonco ot tho
ollvo oil nnd flno Imported wlnos
handlod by his houss.
Flvo hills for stato legislation to
bo asked by tho city woro proparod
by tho law dopnrtment. Tho 'bills
A city mnnngor.
Cbnngos in tho mothod ot solcct
,ing city controller, city clork nnd
Consolidation ot tho duties and of
fices ,ot city controller and city
Nonpartisan election ot aldermen.
Consolidation ot local governments.
A spoclal committco on stato legis
lation will pass on tho bills beforo
the council is asked to act on thorn.
Tho Mid-City Vrust & Savings Bank
at Madison and Halstcd streots, ono
of tho most strongly backed banks in
Chicago, is doing a big business.
Captain Henry Channon, the well
known and highly respectod president
of tho H, Channon Company, is ono ot
tho men who is always working to
mako Chicago greater. Captain Chan
non's publlo spirit, his natural energy
and his groat popularity make him a
vnluablo man to any causo that he
if you wish
for a brand new
The price now is only
$57 Instead of $100.
This 43 per cent sav
ing conies through new
economical sales plans
and vastly increased
Over 700,000 Olivers sold.
If any typewriter is worth
$100, it is this splendid new
Telephone today, Randolph 500.
A representative will show you
an Oliver Nine and give full de
tails without sbligation to you.
The Oliver Typewriter Company
H-22 Oliver Typowrlter Bide, Chicago