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nr4 8eond data Mattur October 11. 1BM. at tha Port
Otltoa at Chicago, llllnola, unaer Act of March 3. 1171.
Office of Publication)
179 W. Washington St., Chicago, III.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
Entered at Second Clan Mattur October 11, MM, at.
Office at Chicago, llllnola, under Act or Marcti t.
THIRTIETH YEAH, NO.
New Election Law Just Passed by
the State Senate Will Revolu
tionize Chicago Voting
The Follow Who Gets Most of the Votes Cast at
the Primary Is Declared to
Our whole local election system Ih
to bo revolutionized.
Hereafter the more Interest mem
bers of n political party take in a.
primary tho loss chanco they will
have of winning tho election.
For liiHtnnco, II vo men nro condi
dates for tho democratic nomination.
Thoy dlvldo tho party vote- at tho
Tho republicans have but one can
didate, and ho polls all the party vote.
If this amounts to a majority vote,
over all tho democratic candidates,
the primary vote elects tho republi
can automatically under this law.
Chicago's, nonpartisan election bill
was passed Tuesday by tho senato by
a voto of 28 to 10. It now goes to
tho house, whoro thoro may bo more
troublo In store for tho measure than
was demonstrated In tho j-enutij,, f
.The importnnt features of tho bill;
as It comes out of tho senato aro
Partisan primaries for tho noinlnn
tlon of mayor, city clork, city treas
urer, and aldermen nro abolished.
Instead, primary candidates shall
fllo nominating petltlonH upon which
there must bo not less than 12 per cent
nor nioro than 5 per cent of the voto
east at tho last preceding election .In
tho particular territory for which
nominations nro mudo.
Tho names aro placod upon tho pri
mary ballot alphabetically and ro
tated by precincts, so that each can
didate shall have top placo equally
with all other candidates.
There hIiuII be a non-purtlsan pri
mary on tho last Tuesday In March.
If any candidates gets a mnjorlty of nil
votes cast ho is automatically elected.
If no candidate gets a majority of
all tho votes cast tho two hlghost can
didates go to an election to bo held
on tho last Tuesday In April.
If tho bill becomes u law It will
mnko tho election of a "minority
mayor" nn Impossibility, as It pro
vides that tho limit test, If ono Is nec
essary, shall bo between two candidates-
only, thoso receiving tho high
est and tho second highest number of
votes at tho preliminary primary.
Such a law would probably have
changed tho results of several recent
Chicago city elections, including tho
Tho bill woh Introduced by Senator
IN THE LEGISLATURE
Work of Illinois
nurses nt less than $35 and $40 a
week, tho provalllng chargo.
Four of tho Chicago traction bills
were Introduced In tho lower Iioubo of
tho legislature. Thoy woro offoied
by G. A. Dahlborg of Chicago, and
thus is tho traction battle or two
years ago renowed. Tho big bill Is
tho consolidation or unification meas
ure of two years ago, drawn by Wal
ter L. Fisher, special counsel for tho
local transportation commltteo. An
other bill glvos tho city nuthorlty to
go ahead and build a BUbway. A third
measure seoks to gtvo tho city tho au
thority to Icobo and oporato a unified
ono faro traction subwuy transporta
The fourth bill was sont hero by
Aid. Schwartz and seeks to amend
tho public utilities act to permit tho
city to Isbuo certificates for operating
oxpensos on tho "surplus or sinking
funds to amortize in wholo or In
part, outstanding bonds nnd cortlfl-
I argest Mbky Circulation Among
People a hnWaffiri m4 Stout
$2 Per Year In Advance.
Harbour at tho request of tho civic
organizations which mot In common
council at tho City club shortly after
last November's election to discuss
wayB and means of putting Chicago's
on ho as to all pending legislation to
tho general assembly. The bill was
Indorsed by tho city council of Chi
cago. NOMINATION OF JUDGES
Tho plan to nominate Judges by po
litical committees Is being fought bit
terly by luwycrs.
"Power of nomination for ofllco
should no; rest with any body or com
mittee," said John M. Cameron, librar
ian of tho Chicago liar association in
v(i'cliig opposition to tho Hack blllr
now pending In the upper liouso of tho
Illinois legislature, bills which tend to
rovlso tho present election lnws. "I
do not. think tho Duck plnn Is n good
one. It would not tend In any wny to
Improvo tho Judiciary, but would leave
tho power of tho bench to a fow boss
es." Tho bills havo boon reported from
tho stato Judiciary committee of tho
scnuto and nro awaiting action by tho
upper branch of tho general assembly.
One of tho bills seeks to put tho Ju
diciary In politics, according to some
experts, Iplaclng tho nomination of
Judges at tho morcy of ward and pre
cinct committeemen. Tho county con
vention, tin lor tho Unci; bills relating
to Judges, would have authority to se
lect delegates to tho stato, Judicial and
district conventions to nominate candi
dates for circuit court branches in Ju
dicial districts composed of ono county
and candidates for Judges of tho Su
perior Court of Cook County.
Charles S. Cutting, chairman of tho
Par association's commltteo on tho Ju
diciary, said that politics should be
eliminated in overy wny possible from
the election of Judges.
"I am strongly in favor of nonparti
san election of Judges," ho said. "It
has always been tho case in my ox
porlonco that a Judgo has had to ally
himself with somo political party. Tho
fruther wo can get away from thut tho
bettor off wo will bo. I am opposed
to a primary systom of electing
Judges and think that wo should, as
catos, and to provldo and maintain
special funds far maintenance, re
pairs, rcnowals and depreciation and
for damugeB, Insurauco, emergencies
and other similar purposos. Tho city
shall havo tho powor to contract with
tho holdorH of Bald certificates, or
with any trusteo for tho benefit ot
said holders that It will so fix said
The fight against what tho doctors
of Chicago call tho "nurses' trust"
has oponed at Springfield, whoro
thoro will bo a hearing on senato
bill No. 11G, which provides that only
girls with a high school oducutlou can
enter training schools for nurses. A
dolcgntlon of physicians and hospital
authorities went to work with tho
legislators. Tho proposed legislation
came up ns a special order. Tho dele
gation Is headed by Dr. W. L. Harris,
presldont of tho Illinois Hospital As
sociation. Tho Chicago party askod
thut tho bill bo nmondod by reducing
tho training course to ono yoar, ad
mitting grammar school graduates to
training nnd permitting ono year's
training In hospitals.
Tho bill as It stands prohibits nurs
ing attendants and tho doctors main
tain It would bring about a crisis In
hospitals in need of womon, Tho
nninnilmnnts. It Is orciied. will mnkn
I It posslblo for poor people to havo
far as poslblc, eliminate politics from
Levy Mayer expressed himself as ut
terly opposed to tho present primary
"My convictions arc strong on tho
Riibjcct," ho said. "I havo not read
tho Duck bills, but if they do not con
form to my Ideas, I am against thorn.
I nm uttorly opposed to tho presont
In so far as it affects Judicial nomina
tions. I nm against tho primary for
Judges. I am also agulnst tho partlsuu
party labol for Judges. To mnko It
necessary that a candidate for a Judge
ship shall first run nt a primary ot hip.
unity, and, if ho gots tho nomination,
go boforo tho peoplo again at tho reg
ular election, Is an uttorly bad sys
tem. Self-rospoctlng lawyers, who nro
ablo and ambitious, are, as a rulo, un
willing and unablo to mnko two cam
paigns. Tho result of tho primary
syBtom in my opinion 1ms stunted
rather thnn Increased tho callbor of
tho bonch. Candidates for Judges
should bo selected by petition, signed
by, say, 5 por cont of tho voters, If
wo must hnvo a convention let tho con
vention havo tho right nlso to noml
uato tho Judges.
"In this way wo should havo peti
tion as wall as couvontlon candidates,
Hut, by all moans, cut out tho primary
In Judicial elections,
CHICAGO SATUBDJLT, MAY
Attack Made By State Equaliza
tion Chairman on Governor's
Proposed Tax Commission
Tears Things Up.
Tho fierce attack made by Chair
man William 11. Malouo ot tho State
Hoard of lCquallzatlon on Governor
l.owdnn'H tax commission bill last
week nt tho public hearing In a strong
speech, has created great excitement
all along the lino.
Tho records of tho stato board of
equalization were seized Monday
afternoon by tho Darr Joint commltteo
named last week to investigate
chnrges made by V. II. Malone, chair
man of the board, ot aliened "tamper
ing" In tho matter of tho Pullman
The committee moved swiftly, giv
ing the He apparently to charges that
tho investigation was to bo little more
than n whitewash. In addition to
Bclzuro of tho records It took tho fol
Issued subpoenas for Leonard With
al), Chicago; Hez G. Henry, Cnmp
Point, and Edward W. Hllkcr. Mad!
son, members of the board, and W. II.
Malone, chairman, for appearance
Announced that Omur Wright, di
rector of finance, would also bo sub
poenaed for appoaranco Thursday.
Chairman Malone Is author of the
charge that Mr. Wright and other gen
tlemen attempted to obtain n reduc
tion of tho Pullman company's assess-
THOMAS A. SMYTH,
of the Sanitary District of Chicago
of the John M. Smyth Company.
ment, which tho board raised $.1,000,
000, and threatened abolition of the
board by Governor Lowdon If tho
assessment was not rcducod.
Tho meeting of the commltteo was
m oxccutlvo session. Decision was
reached to commonce tho hearing on
Thursday nftornoon In tho Appollato
court room ot tho Sangamon county
court liouso. Tho henrlngH will bo
open to tho public'
Tho Boizuro of tho board's records
was consldored tho most significant
movo of tho day. Undor tho powor of
tho resolution creating tho Investigat
ing committee, it has tho authority to
not only luvostlgato tho Malono
charges, but tho records, acts and
work of not only tho Malouo board,
but of its predecessors.
Impounding of tho records Is taken
to Indlcato that tho committee has
decided to probo thoroughly Into tho
activities of stato boards for a num
ber of yonrs past.
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PAY ROLL KICK
Policemen, Firemen and Other City
Employes Organize to Fight Bill
Giving Soldiers Preference
Claim That They Are to Be Discriminated
Against and That They Would
Get Worst of It
Chicago firemen, policemen and
other civil service employes plan a
fight on Senate Hill So. f, pending at
The bill gives persons with military
Borvlce records precedence In civil
service examinations, both original en-
and Vice President
trance tests and promotional examina
tions. In a conference with Corporation
Counsel Hudson a conimlttoo repre
senting tho police nnd firemen pointed
out thut tho bill not only woVks an In
justice upon civil servlco employes,
hut also tends to destroy both morale
and efficiency of tho dopnrtmont.
Speaking for the firemen I. lout.
Frank McAullffe said:
"Wo believe sorvico men should bo
given consideration nnd proferonco In
original ontrnnco examinations for nil
civil Borvlco positions, but not In pro
"Tho passago of this law would de
stroy tho spirit of both tho llro and
pollco department," Bald John P. Cul
lerton, business mnnngor of tho firo
department. "It would chango tho on
tiro comploxlon of tho doparlmont
within a fow years. Men who have
been In tho firo ilopnrtment for years
would see themselves hopelessly tied
at the bottom of the ladder.
"The bill only affects Chicago bo far
as the promotional phase Is concerned.
Outside of Chicago It provides for the
servlco men only In original examina
tions." "Tho bill means." said Policeman
lohn Kelly, representing the pollen de
partment, "that If I pass a promotion
al test for a higher rank and thut If
a servlco man passes the same test ho
takes precedence over me, even
though I may havo a better record and
havo pasKed a much better examina
George H. Hnrgan and William F.
Hoetz. representing the Firemen's As
sociation and tho Helmet Club, respec
tively, nro arranging to send commit
tors to Springfield to lobby nuiylust
trio bill, which lias already passed the
Tho city council finance committee
had hofore It a suggestion that the wa
ter rates bo further adjusted. This
brought up a discussion of the Su
preme court's recent ruling that the
state public utilities commission had
Jurisdiction over all utilities owned or
operated by municipalities.
"This matter ought to go to a sub
committee to be taken up with tho
state commission," said Aid. II. P.
"Are not municipally owned utilities
exempt trom tin1 commission's Juris
diction?" nuked Aid. W. P. l.lpps
'The Supremo court said not." de
clared Aid. McCormlck
TO ABOLISH SMOKE
The council finance committee had
a copy of a letter Health Commission
er Robertson sent to the maor recom
mending tho abolition of the depart
ment of smoke Inspection anil the city
physician's department, lie said these
ought to he consolidated with tho
health department also the ambulance
service of tho police department.
Most of the matters discussed by
the committee were referred to tho re
cently created committee on efficien
cy, economy, and rehabilitation
HONOR ORSON SMITH
A portrait of Orson Smith, for sixty-six
years a member of the Clear
ing Houso Association of Chicago,
was unveiled by .lames It. Porgun,
chairman of tho Clearing liouso com
mittee, at a luncheon of the associa
tion held at the Hlackstone Hotel. Mi.
Smith, the guest of honor. Is a retired
member. P.rnost A. Ilamill. picsidont
of tho Corn Pxchnngo National Hank,
presented a resolution accepting tho
painting on behalf of the association.
Georgo M. lloynolds proposed tho
health of the artist, l.ouls Hotts, who
made a. brief response Tho portrait
will bo hung In the Clearing House
FOR NEW CHICAGO
Chicago Is going to luno a new
postolllco on the West Side, accord
ing to Chairman Wacker of tho Chi
cago Plan Commission.
It Is planned to dratt a new bill to
tnko the place of tho bill killed when
tho senato fulled to pass the big
appropriation bill at tho last con
gress. Tho now billy will bo turned
over to ono of Illinois' congressmen
for presentation to tho house.
"Thoio Is no doubt." said Mr Wack
er. "that wo will get tho new post
ofllco. It Is my understanding that
tho provlous bills have had the sup
port of the house of represontatlw s,
vhlch realizes the drastic situation
WHOLE Nl M1JI5R 15-t!.
Chicago faces. Thoy hao come to
know that the new postofllco will
not only lie of great service to Chi
cago, but to the entire middle west,
hecamio It Is here that a largo pro
portion of tho mall Is distributed.
"The Chicago postolllce Is the
most profitable one In the United
States and we have had less consid
eration from congress than any
other largo city. We would have had
the appropriation two years uro if
the war had not Interfered with It and
other Internal Improvements."
THE MAYOR AND THE
The city council finance commltteo
Is ai;:ilir lighting .Mayor Thompson on
tin tax voto.
This came up when State Senator
K. .1. Glackln, who also Ih a city em
ploye, reported the progress made at
Springfield on the bills increasing tho
tax rate and adding to the city's bond
"Why should we 'hold the bag' for
the mayor ami his administration?"
said Aid. T. P Moniti, a new member
of the committee. "This committee
has made an Investigation and has de
termined that to run the city ado
ipiately we must have an Increase in
the tax rati. Why did not tho mayor
toll this to the legislature?
"Instead, the maor appeals boforo
tho legislature, and despite the fact
that all the money Is spent by his de
partment heads, ho reluses to make
any recommendation as to how wo are
to get morn revenue He ouuht to
have had nerve enough or been manly
enough to tell the legislators that tho
city council went on record for a boost
in tin lax rati', for corporate pur
"The only recommendation the ma
or made was to haxe the 'tax dodgers'
put In Jail," said Aid. A. . MeCor
illicit, "lie said If this could be done
we would haxe a rid cent tax rate In
stead of having to ask for an Increase "
The committee agreed to send the
legislature a copy uf the resolutions
adopted iiy the council declaring for a
jL'.aTi tax rale for corporate needs
Corporation Counsel Kttolson, who
also Is a state senator, reported that
the outlook tor the city getting In
creased revenue from the legislature
was favorable The tax rate Increase
hills come up lor action ut Springfield
LEWIS ON WESTERN
Sentiment in the western pat t of Lie
Culted Suites is strongly against cor
tain plans of the national lulmliiistr.i
tlon. Is the report brought to Chicago
by Pnrnior Senator .lames Hamilton
Lewis, who has been touring the l'a
cillc coast In the hope of building op
his health. Mr. Lewis, though a demo
crat, talks frankly about western son
tlmetit, part of which is alauning In
"I was surprised at tho sentiment
on the Pacific coast and in tho moun
tain states ngninHt everything going
on with the administration at Wash
lugton," said tlie former senator. "The
west ami coast demand that tho sol
dlers bo brought home at ouct. They
aro for any nrrangomont for peaco, but
against soldiers being sent to Slborla
or Germany for peace-war woik. Thoy
nro opposed to any alliance with any
Kuropoau nation ami only if the
league does not enforce an nlllonee
will they bo for It Tliev are for the
Pulled States taking control of Mexl
can affairs and stopping the outrages
on Americans and their property "
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