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HENRY F. DONOVAN, Editor n! Publuher
KntfftJ u SteMid Cle Matter October
11. till, at the I-oat Ofllc M Chloto. Illl
lot. unlr Ar - March f, 1879.
ES'rR 1SHED OCTOBER 5, 1889
oriHrtd UMlr tha Law of UtlnoU.
rounded or MRNUY r. DONOVAN.
The Chicago Eagle. newepaper
far all ctataei of reader, It tffvpted
to Nattpnal, State and Local Pol.
tlMr-al. Slate, County and San
lUrJ OUtrlet newel to com men
j to comment
life) to clean
and BDorU, and to ne
ind TfporU. and to ,th
of General inurmatloi
ilea of General Information
SIBJIC ntereai. financial, v.om
elal and Efilltreal.
SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1919.
RAILROAD SUITS DISMISSED.
On motion of Attorney General Ed
ward J. JJrundago, Judgo Charles M.
Foell In tho Superior court dismissed
charges of contempt of court against
tho Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fo and
twenty-five other railroads oporntlng
In Illinois, which have been pending
On May 29, 1917, tho attorney gen
eral obtained an Injunction restraining
the railroads from Increasing Intra
state rates from 2 cents a mllo after
tho Interstate commcrco commission
ruled that Interstate rates might bo
increased from 2 cents a mllo to 2
Tho decision was upheld by tho Illi
nois Supremo court. Tho railroads
continued to violato Judgo Fooll's In
junction by charging 2 cents. They
weer cited for contempt Immediately
an agreement was entered into whore-
by the contempt case was continued
inueuullCiy uu iuc ijiuuiud ui iuu -
roads to allow a rebate to buyers of
tickets should the decision of the
Superior court bo upheld by tho
United States Supremo court.
Judge Fooll's decision was uphold
by the United States Supreme court.
Slnco then the railroads have paid
back more than $1,000,000 to tho pub
lic In rebates.
CHANGING OUR LOCAL ELECTION
Our whole local election system Is
to bo revolutionized.
Hereafter tho moro Interest mem
bers of a political party tnko In a
primary tho less chanco they will
havo of winning tho election.
For instance, flvo meu uro candi
dates for tho democratic nomination.
They dlvldo tho party voto at. the
Tho republicans have but ono can
didate, and ho polls all tho party vote.
If this amounts to a majority vote,
over all tho democratic candidates,
tho primary voto elects tho republi
can automatically under this law.
Chicago's nonpartisan election bill
was passed Tuesday by tho sonato by
a voto of 28 to 10. It now goes to
tho house, where thoro may bo moro
troublo In store for tho measure than
was demonstrated In tho sonato.
Tho Important features of tho bill
as it comos out of the senate nro
Partisan prlmnrles for tho nomina
tion of mayor, city clerk, city treas-
urer, and aldermen are abolished.
Instead, primary candldutes shall
file nominating potitlons upon which
there must bo not less than 2 por cent
nor moro than 5 por cent of tho voto
cast at tho last preceding election In
tho particular territory for which
nominations are made.
Tho names aro placed upon tho pri
mary ballot alphabetically and ro
tated by precincts, so that each can
didate shall havo top placo equally
with all other candidates.
There shall bo a non-partisan pri
mary on tho last Tuesday In March.
If any candidate gots a majority oi an
votes cast ho is automatically olectod,
If no candidate gets a majority of
all tho votes cast the two highest can
didates go to nn election to bo held
on tho last Tuesday in April.
If tho bill becomes a law it will
mako tho election of a "minority
mayor" an Impossibility, ns it pro
vldes that tho final test, if ono Is nec
essary, shall bo between two candi
dates only, thoso receiving tho high
est nnd tho second highest number of
votes at tho preliminary primary.
Such a law would probably havo
changed tho results of sovoral recent
Chicago city elections, including the
Tho bill was Introduced by Senator
Barbour at tho request of tho civic
organizations which met in common
cour 11 at tho City club shortly after
last November's election to discuss
ways and means of putting Chicago's
case as to all pending legislation to
tho general assembly. Tho bill was
Indorsed by the city council of Chicago
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FRANK JOHNSTON, JR.
Popular Judge of the Circuit Court.
LOWDEN FOR PRESIDENT
Gov. Loudon's presidential boom has
been launched In tho east by Con
gressman William I). McKInlcy, of
Champaign, who was Tatt's campaign
manager in 1912. In an nrtlclo to bo
published In tho May 3 issue of Les
lie's, advnnco copies of which havo
been sent out, Mr. McKInlcy, under
tho caption, "Why Hotter TlmcB Aro
at Hand," says 1920 is to bo a Repub
"In Illinois," ho writes, "wo havo a
former congressman who has mado
a great record as a people's governor
and as n war governor Frank O.
Lowden. I am for Lowden for tho
next president of the United States.
"Tho November, 1918, election and
tho local elections of thin winter and
spring havo served notlco that Repub
lican times aro coming, that tho peo
ple aro tired of professional theories
and socialism, that Inefficiency and pa
ternalism must end, and that they
look to tho Republican party to wlpo
out autocratic government and restore
tho constitution. A Republican con
gress will act now as a servant of tho
pcoplo and not of a president."
Mr. McKInlcy, who Is tho now presi
dent of the American section of tho
International Parliamentary union, re
cently sailed for his second trip to tho
devastated regions of Franco and
NEED HOUSE NUMBEIS
Over Half the Residences, Stores,
Apartment Buildings and Other
Structures in Chiccago Are
Tho casual observer cannot fall to
notlco that one of tho crying needs
of Chicago is street numbors on tho
Slnco tho passage of tho new streot
car ordlnanco, which provides for
tho stopping of tho cars at ovon
numbered corners only, tho absence
of tho numbers is painfully notice
able, and much annoyanco Is felt In
Letter carrlors and others who havo
long suffered from this flagrant dis
regard of tho law requiring numbers
on overy houso, havo grown tired of
uttering complaints. No attention
was paid to them.
Whole blocks all over Chicago aro
without numbors, and no one in au
thority appears to caro about tho
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Popular County Assessor.
FOR NEW CHICAGO
Chicago is going to havo n now
postolllco ou the West Side, accord
ing to Chairman Wnckcr of tho Chi
cago Plan Commission.
It Is planned to draft a new bill to
tako tho placo of tho bill killed when
tho sonato failed to pass tha big
appropriation bill at tho last con
gress. Tho new billy will bo turned
over to ono of Illinois' congressmen
for presentation to the house.
"Thcro Is no doubt," said Mr. Wack
or, "that wo will get tho now post-
office. It Is my understanding that
the provious bills havo had tho sup
liort of tho houso of representatives,
vhlch realizes tho drastic situation
Chicago faces. They havo como to
know that the now postolllco will
not only bo of great service to Chi
cago, but to the cntlro mlddlo west,
becauso It Is hero that n largo pro
portion of tho mall Is distributed.
"Tho Chicago postolllco Is tho
most profitable one In tho United
States and wo havo had less consid
eration from congress than any
other largo city. Wo would havo had
tho appropriation two years ago 11
tho war had not Interfered with it and
other Internal Improvements."
Tho city council flnanca commltteo
had before It a suggestion that tho wa
ter rates bo further adjusted. This
brought up a discussion of tho Su
premo court's recent ruling that tho
stato public utilities commission had
Jurisdiction ovor all utilities owned or
operated by municipalities.
"This matter ought to go to a sub
committee to bo tnkon up with tho
statu commission," said Aid. II. D.
"Aro not municipally owned utilities
exompt from tho commission's Juris
diction?" asked Aid. W. F. Llpps.
"Tho Supremo court said not," de
clared Aid. McCormick.
Emil Longhl, tho popular proprie
tor of the Justly famous Italian ft
Greek Products Company at 1618-20
South Wabash avenuo, has built up a
great reputation in the business world
on account of the excellence of the
olive oil and fine imported wines
bandied by his house.
Tho Mid-City Trust & Savings Dank
at Madlsou nnd Halsted streets, ono
of tho most strongly backed banks In
Chicago, is doing a big business.
PENROSE AND PROMISED BUDGET
Senator Bolei Penrose of Penn
sylvania scorns Just now to bo the
spokesman for the budget Bystom of
nppruprlntlons nnd expenditures that
Ih promised on behalf of tho Sixty
sixth congress. The reform seems
likely to go through. Tn-' Republican
mnjorltles la both houses uro com
mitted to Its establishment. President
Wilson litis recommended It from tlmo
to time. Tin- business men of tho
country, Irrespective of party, linvo
"Whnt vo must hnvc Is n budget
nystemthnt is administrative-ond legis
lative," Senator Petiroe says. "Tliero
Is nn almost completo absence of a
budget system, cither administrative
or legislative, In the government of tho
United States, and this fact, with the
habit of extravagance und wasteful
expenditures developed by tho war,
will produce a chaotic condition In tho
Income and o-xnemllturo accounts of
the government unless n budget system Is promptly provided for. Tho subjoct
already lias the attention of seme of tho most prominent business men of tho
United States ns well as executlvo nnd legislative departments. To my mind
It Is the most Impel taut question before congress, ns all others nro ultimately
rclnted to It." x
LENINE'S PROPAGANDA PORTRAIT
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whom ho Interprets In his own way, Lenlno has written much on economic
subjects. His great propaganda pamphlet for budding bolsheviks 1b entitled
"The Stato nnd Revolution."
OFFICIAL PORTRAIT OF TR0TZKY
This is nn official picture of Trot
zky. It Is a propaganda portrait and
on sale with tho authority of Trotzky
Lev Davldovitch Trotzky or, to
4glve him his real name, Lelbn Bron
stein is n Jew of versatile talents
and considerable powers of organiza
tion. In his evolution as a socialist
ho has passed through menshevlk In
ternationalism anrU.Trotzklst Irrntlon
nllsm to tho more strenuous doctrlno
of bolshevik Imperialism.
President of tho Petrogrnd Coun
cil of Workmen during tho revolution
of 1005, Trozky has been twlco exiled
to Siberia, und has twlco escaped be
fore tho completion of 'his sentence.
A man of violent moods and pas
sions, Trotzky bus frequently been
guilty of tho greatest cruelty and ex
cesses. Ho has, howevor, written several
clever historical skotches of tho revo
lution, und as a Journalist possesses n
wukes n Ntmng appeal to his followers.
IS PANCHO VILLA
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Villa's bnnd, but failed to tako him dead or ullve. Then there wns a story thnt
gangrene tat In nnd Villa had died In somo recess of tho Sierra Turuhumaro.
Slnco tho light at Guerrero tliero has been no Villa boforo tho camera, no
Villa Interview id, no pronuiiclainentos by Villa, no Villa seen by. a responslblo
American or .Mexican.
Is Pauclib Villa iiIIno or dead?
Lieutenant General Sir Robert
Steiilienwin Smyth linden-Powell Is
milking Phuib. for tho formation or nn
International commltteo embracing
boy scout movements In countries
throughout tho world to bring Into
closer relations millions of scouts nnd
scout lenders. Ho toured Europe with
this purpose, conferring with scout
olllclnls In Trance, Ituly, Belgium nnd
Serbia. Then ho enmo to this country
and visited Boston, New York. Wash
ington. Then ho went to Canada nnd
had conferences lu Ottawa, Montreal
and Toronto before returning to Eng
land. Sir Robert wns mado much of In
tho United States, as was Lady Baden
Powell, who Is chief guldo of the Girl
Guides, ns the girls' organization In
Great Britain Is known. The main
feature of his visit to Now York wns
a welcome rally on tho sheep meadow
of Central park, n mobilization or m,-
000 Boy Scoutb of America. This was tho occasion In which tho scouts await
ing honor medals uud Eagle Scout ba dges received them from his bunds.
This Is nn otllclul picture of Lo
iilnp, otherwise Vladimir llytch UU
anoff. It Is from u propaganda por
trait on salo during the present Lcnlnc
Trotzky rule. It doubtless presents
tho soviet lender at his best.
Of tho leaders of bolshevik Rus
sia, Lenlno Is by far tho most Im
portant. Uoni on April 10, 1870, ho Is
a "hereditary noble" and tho son of
a stato councilor of tho Simbirsk gov
ernment. Drought up In tho orthodox
faith, ho wub educated at tho Simbirsk
gymnasium and at tho University of
Kazan, from which town, however, ho
was speedily banished on account of
his socialist proclivities. Revolution
seems to run In his family, and his
brotlicr Alexander was exocuted as a
terrorist In 1887. Lenlno Is married to
Nudejdn Krupscknla, a former political
exile, to whom he Is said to be most
A stanch suoDortor of Karl Marx,
certain facility of argument which
ALIVE OR DEAD?
Is "Gen." Francisco
Villa allvo or dead?
Francisco Villa still campaigns In
Mexico, "according to Information
that has reached the stato depart
ment," says a Washington dispatch,
which restores tho formor bandit and
rival of Carranzn to tho "bad em
inence" ho once enjoyed. Thus ho Is
lending n now revolutionary movement,
has captured Pnrral, Jimenez, and
Bustlllo nnd Is planning a descent
upon Chihuahua and Torrcon. Further
more, Villa Is preparing n statement
to the American press denying that ho
was Involved In the Columbus raid
and that ho had a hand In tho Santa
Pancho Villa was reported dead
of a leg wound received In his attack
on Guerrero on March 20, 1010. Tbrco
days later Colonel Dodd of tho United
States army, with bonio meu tho Sov
enth and Tenth cavalry, surprised
AND BOY SCOUTS
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DIXON C. WILLIAMS,
Highly Respected Chicago Manufacturer.
NOMINATION OF JUDGES
Tho plan to nomlnato Judges by po
litical committees Is being fought bit
terly by lawyorB.
"Power of nomination for orflco
should not rest with any body or com
mittee," said John M. Cameron, librar
ian of tho Chicago Bar association in
voicing opposition to tho Duck bills
now pending In tho uppor houso of tho
Illinois legislature, bills which tend to
revise tho prcsont election laws. "I
do not think tho Buck plan Is a good
one. It would not tend in any way to
Improvo tho Judiciary, but would leave
tho power of tho bench to a fow boss
es." Tho bills havo been reported from
tho stato Judiciary commltteo of tho
sonato and aro awaiting action by tho
upper branch of tho gcnoral assembly.
Ono of tho bills seeks to put tho Ju
diciary in politics, according to somo
experts, Iplaclng tho nomination of
Judges at tho mercy of ward and pre
cinct committeemen. Tho county con
vention, under tho Duck bills relating
to Judgos, would havo authority to se
lect dolcgntcs to tho stato, Judicial and
district conventions to nominate candi
dates for circuit court branches In Ju
dicial districts composed of ono county
nnd candidates for judges of tho Su
perior Court of Cook County.
Charles S. Cutting, chairman of tho
Bar association's commltteo on tho Ju
diciary, said that politics should be
eliminated in ovory way possible from
tho election of judges.
"I am strongly In favor of nonparti
san election of Judgos," ho said. "It
has always been tho caso lri my ox
porlonco that a Judgo has had to ally
himself with somo political party. Tho
fruther wo can get away from that tho
better off vJo will bo. I am opposed
to a primary system of electing
Judges nnd think that wo should, as
far as poslblo, eliminate politics from
Levy Mayer oxpresscd himself as ut
terly opposed to tho present primary
"My convictions nro strong on tho
subject," ho said. "I havo not road
tho Buck bills, but if they do not con
form to my Ideas, I nm against them.
I am uttorly opposod to tho present
In so far as It affectu judicial nomina
tions. I am against tho primary for
Judges. I am also against tho partisan
pnrty label for Judgos. To mako it
necessary that a candldato for a Judge
ship shall first run at n primary of his
uarty, and, If ho gets tho nomination,
go boforo tho people again at tho reg
ular election, Is an utterly bad sys
tem. Solf-respectlng lawyers, who are
ablo and ambitious, aro, as a rulo, un
willing and unnblo to mako two cam
paigns. Tho result of tho primary
system in my opinion has stunted
rather than lncreasod tho caliber of
the bench. Candidates for judges
should bo selected by petition, Blgned
by, say, 5 por cont of tho voters. If
wo must havo a convention let tho con
vention havo tho right also to noml
nato the judges.
"In this way wo should havo peti
tion as well as convention candidates.
But, by nil moans, cut out tho primary
in judicial elections.
Tho report of tho Illinois public
utilities commission from Jan. 1, 1914,
to March C, 1919, showed that it had
disposed of 0,359 formal potitlons and
complaints. Tho number of com
plaints is regarded as being small,
although covorlng flvo yoars, duo to
tho fact that bo many skilled employes
wore called in tho draft.
Rakllos' restaurants have made a
namo for thomsolves in Chicago,
which stands for good aorvlco, good
food and good oqulpment. John Rak
llos, tho proprlotor of this popular
string of restaurants Is a progressive
and patriotic American, citizen. He
has been a bard worker for the Lib
erty Loan and has done much towards
lining up tho Greeks of Chicago In the
fine showing they have made.
Emanuel Well has been connected
with tho Now York Llfo Insurance
Company for ovor twenty years. No
Insurance agent in tho country Is
moro popular with tho public, or
moro loyal to his friends than Mr.
Harrison B. RIloy, president of tho
Chicago Tltlo & Trust Company, is
ono of tho foremost citizens of Chi
cago; always progressiva and patri
otic. Ascher Brothers will add anothor
playhouse to tholr chain of moving
picturo theaters when thoy tako ovor
tho Crown thcator, corner of Milwau
kee avenuo and Division streot, on
Juno 1. This theater has been play
ing American burlesquo this soason.
Ono of tho most Interesting atoros
in tho city to visit Ib thnt of Karl
Mayer & Company, in tho North
American building, 36 South 'State
street. Men go thoro for service
dcntul and shaving creams, and wom
en for tho prlzo baby soap and a
grand lino of toilet articles.
Harry M. Grut, cashier of tho Mer
cantile Trust & Savings Bank, at
Jackson boulevard and Clinton streets,
Is ono of tho rising young men of
Chicago. Beforo accepting his present
responslblo position, Mr. Grut was con
nected with tho Continental & Com
mercial National Bank. Ho Is re
spected by tho business community
and by all with whom bo has como in
Judge Joan A. Ktnoner o the
ufualelpal court Is ery popular wtdi
tbm people became of the food, Mes
ne sense he tisplayt on tte bei
W. S. Tothlll, the great manufac
turer of gymnasium and playground
apparatus, at 1815 Webater avenue,
has a national reputation because of
the excellence and reliability of kii
Q. J. Cnott, tae wen knows lawyer,
who made a good record on the Ja
tlee benek, would make a good Muate
that the Oliver Nine
Typewriters, now sell
ing for $57, are brand
new, latest models, the
identical machines in
every way, that sold fot.
$100 before the Oliver
inaugurated its present
and selling plans.
Telephone today, Randolph 500.
A representative will show you
an Oliver Nine and give full de
tails with no obligations to you.
The Oliver Typewriter Company
B-ll Oliver Typewriter Bide., Chisago
Karl Mayer & Company
Service Shaving and
Telephone Central 2133
36 South State Street CHICAGO