Newspaper Page Text
f he: ohigaoo eiaol.
Wje Cfjicago Caglc
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
.41 Jndtpendtnt Ntwipaptr, Fcarlt$a
PENROSE AND PROMISED BUDGET
SUBSCRIPTION RATES $2.00 PER YEAR
Atldrtwt All Commtinlcitloa U
179 WEST WASHINGTON ST.
Telephone Main 3913
Southrait Coi.ier Waihington St.
and Well. St.
HENRY F. DONOVAN, FJilJ ind Publlher
tnt.r.J m Snd C1M Mutter October
11. 1IS at the Ixt OfflCf at Chicago, till
tele. unJer Ar- - Much I. 1ST
ES"rnlSHED OCTOBER 5, 1859
orrxrtd t'uder the Lawi of II mole.
Vournl'd by HBMUY F DONOVAN
Tha Chleaqo Eagle, a newapaper
fee all elate? of reader, l devoted
u naiionai. siate jmu. uwi r-v,-
.--. I 11 Hi.hlTl.n nff
UK UIIVMII Wll W.
SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1919.
RAILROAD SUITS DISMISSED.
On motion or Attorney General Kd
wnrd J. UrunUnge. Judge Charles M.
Foell In tho Superior court dismissed
charges of contempt of court agalnBt
the Atchison, Topeka & SanUi Fo and
twenty-flvo other railroads oporatlnB
In Illinois, which have been pending
On May 29, 1917, tho attorney gen
eral obtained an Injunction restraining
the railroads from Increasing Intra
state rates from '!& cents u mile after
tho interstate commcrco commission
ruled that interstate rates might bo
increased from 2 cents a mile to 2
Tho decision wns upheld by the Illi
nois Supremo court. Tho railroads
continued to violate Judge Fooll's in
junction by charging 2 ceuts. Thoy
nnn nltsitl ftw nnnlnmnt Ym m flfl 1 fl f f1 V
an ucreoment was entered Into whore-
by tho contempt caso was continued
Indefinitely on tho promlso of tho rail
roads to allow a robato to buyers of
tickets should tho decision of tho
Superior court bo upheld by tho
United States Supremo court.
Judge Fooll'H decision was uphold
by tho United States Suprome court.
Slnco then the railroads have paid
back mnro than $1,000,000 to tho pub
lic in rebates.
CHANCING OUR LOCAL ELECTION
Our wholo local election system is
to be revolutionized.
Hereafter tho moro interest mem
bers of a political party take in a
primary tho less chance they will
havo of winning the election.
For Instance, live men uro candi
dates for tho democratic nomination.
Thoy divide tho party vote at the
Tho republicans have but ono can
didate, and ho polls all the party vote.
If this amounts to a majority vote,
over all tho democratic candidates,
the prlmnry vote elects tho republi
can automatically under this law.
Chicago's nonpartisan election bill
was passed Tuesday by the senate by
a vote of 28 to 10. It now goes to
the house, where thero may be more
trouble In store for tho measure than
was demonstrated In tho Benato.
Tho Importnnt features of tho bill
as It comes out of the senate are
Partisan primaries for the nomina
tion of mayor, city clerk, city treas-.
urer. and aldermen nre ubollshed.
Instead, primary candlduteh shall
file nominating potltlons upon which
there must bo not less than 2 per cent
nor moro than 5 pur cent of the vote
at at tho last preceding election in
the particular torrltory for which
nominations are made.
The names are placed upon the prl
mary ballot alphabetically and to
'.tted by precincts, so that each can
dldate "shall hnv top place equally
wj'h all other candidates.
1hro shall bo a non-partisan prl
mary on tno last lUCHiiny in .uurcu
if anv candidate gets a maJorJt of all
w,te- cast tin Is automatically elected
If no candidate gets a majority of
all the votes cast tho two highest can
dldatfH go to an eloctlon to br held
on tho last Tuesday In April
Jf tho bill becomes a law It will
mako tho election of a "minority
mayor" an Impossibility, nB it pro
vjdes that tho final test, if one Is nee
essary, shall bo between two candl
dates only, those receiving tho high
est and tho second highest number of
votes at the preliminary primary
Such a law would probably havo
changed tho results of several recent
Chicago city elections, Including tho
The hill was introduced by Senator
Barbour at tho request of the civic
organizations which met in common
council at tho City club shortly aftor
last November's election to cIIbcubs
ways and means of putting Chicago's
raho as to all ponding legislation to
the general assembly. Tho bill was
indorsed by the city council of f'hi
ZKsmfl iMp - 3?
mci o juo hiiuuviwii w. !-
nltfpai. siaie, county no on
lUry Otltrjet newtjto comment
oji Mfll In public life) to clafn
faaeboV and Sporta, and to the
pooH-atlon of General Information
if ftibfle Interest. Financial, Com
niacclal and PAlltftal.
' BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBb OTB?" tVT rf- it v"- SBBBBBBBBBBHtnBaBVBBBBH "
eBeBeBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBW?'.ft' i, vvHKr aBv4SiavlnH
FRANK JOHNSTON, JR.
Popular Judge of the Circuit Court.
LOWDEN FOR PRESIDENT
Gov. Lowdcu's presidential boom lias
been launched In the east by Con
gressman William H. McKlnlcy, of
Chnmpalgu, who wns Taft's campaign
manager In 1912. In nn article to bo
publlnhed in tho May .1 issue of Les
lie's, advance copies of which havo
been Bent out, Mr. McKlnley, under
tho caption, "Why Hotter TlmcB Are
at Hand," says 1920 Is to he a Repub
"In Illinois," he writes, "wo havo a
former congressman who bus made
a great record as a people's governor
and as a war governor Frank O.
Ivowden. I am for Louden for tho
noxt president of tho United States.
"Tho November, 1918, election and
tho local elections of this winter and
Hprlng havo served notlco that Repub
lican times are coming, that tho peo
ple aro tired of professional theories
and socialism, that Inefficiency and pa
ternalism must end, and that they
look to tho Republican party to wlpo
out autocratic government and restoro
tho constitution. A Republican con
gress will act now as a servant of tho
Pcou, and not of a President."
Mr. McKlnloy, who la tho now prcsl
dent of the Amorlcnn section of tho
International Parllnmentnry union, re
cently sailed for his second trip to tho
devastated regions of Franco and
NEED HOUSE NUMBEIS
Over Half the Residences, Stores,
Apartment Buildings and Other
Structures in Chiccago Are
Tho casual observer cannot fall to
notlco that one of tho crying needs
of Chicago is street numbers on tho
Sinco tho passage of tho new streot
car ordinance, which provides for
tho stopping of tho cars at oven
numbered corners only, tho absonce
of tho numbers is painfully notice
able, and much annoyance is felt In
Letter carriers and others who havo
long suffered from this flagrant dis
regard of the law requiring numbers
on overy houso, hnvo grown tired of
uttering complaints. No attention
was paid to them.
Whole blocks all over Chicago aro
without numbers, and no one In au
thority appears to caro about tho
Popular County Assessor.
FOR NEW CHICAGO
Chicago Is going to hnvo u now
postolllce on the West Side, accord
ing to Chairman Wncker of tho Chi
cago Plan Commission.
It is planned to draft a new bill to
take thu place of tho bill killed when
tho sonata failed to pass tho big
appropriation bill at tho last con
gress. Thu new billy will bo turned
over to one of Illinois' congressmen
for presentation to tho house.
"Thero Is no doubt," said Mr. Wack
or, "that wo will get tho new post
olllce. It Is my understanding thnt
tho previous bills have had tho sup
port of tho houso of representatives,
vhlcli realizes tho drastic situation
Chicago faces. They hnvo come to
know thnt tho new postolllce will
not only bo of great service to Chi
cago, hut to the entire middle west,
becauso it is hero that a large pro
portion of tho mall Is distributed.
"Thu Chicago postolllce is tho
most profitable one In the United
States and wo havo hud less consid
eration from congress than any
other largo city. Wo would havo had
tho appropriation two years ngo If
tho war had not Interfered with It und
other Internal improvements."
Tho city council fiuancu committee
had before It a suggestion that tho wa
ter rates bo further adjusted. TIiIh
brought up u discussion of tho Su
preme court's recent ruling that tho
state public utilities commission had
Jurisdiction over all utilities owned or
operated by municipalities.
"This mutter ought to go to a sub
committee to bo taken up with tho
stnte commission," said Aid. II. D.
"Are not municipally owned utilities
exempt from the commission's Juris
diction?" asked Aid. W. F. Llpps.
"Tho Supremo court said not," de
clared Aid. McCormlck.
Emll Longhl, the popular proprie
tor of the Justly famouB Italian &
Greek Products Company at 1518-20
South Wabash avenue, has built up
great reputation in tho business world
on account of the oxcellenco of the
ollvo oil and nno Imported wlnei
handled by his houst.
Tho Mld-Clty Trust & Savings Dank
at Madison nnd Hnlsted streets, ono
of tho most strongly backed banks in
Chicago, is doing u big business.
Senator Holes Penrose of Perm
sylvuiilii seems Jtit now to bo the
spokesman for the budget system of
npprtrprlutlont and expenditures thut
Is promised on behalf of thu Sixty
sixth emigre. The reform seems
likely to Co through. '1',1 Republican
mujorltlei In both houses urn com
mitted to Its establishment. President
Wilson has recommended It from time
to time. The business men of the
country, lrre.peetlo of party, hnvo
"What wo niiM have Is a budget
system that Is ndmlnitrutrvennd IckIs
Intlve," Senator lenroc says. "Thero
Is nn almost complete absence of a
budget system, ehlur atlmlnlstratlvo
or legislative, In the government of tho
United States, and ihls fact, with tho
habit of extrnvapiuee and wasteful
expenditures dpvelnpetl by the wnr,
will produce n chiioih- eomlltlou In tho
iTlCOttle fINll Itvti.iiwl.tltrii iiivnltia ttt
the Kovernincnt unls a biuret system Is promptly prmlded for. Tho subject
already has the atunilon of seme of the mast prominent business men of the
United Stntes as will as oxeeutlo and legislative departments. To my mind
It In the most lmpuunt question before eouKre.s, as all others are ultimately
related to It."
LENINE'S PROPAGANDA PORTRAIT
whom he Interprets In his own way, Lenlno has written much on economic
Mibjccts. Ills great propaganda pamphlet for budding bolsheviks la entitled
"Tho Stnto nnd Revolution."
OFFICIAL PORTRAIT OF TR0TZKY
This is nn official picture of Trot
zky. It Is a propnpanda portrait and
on Bale with the authority of Trotzky
Lev Dnvldovltch Trotiky or, to
gtvo him his real mime, Lelbn Bron
stein Is u Jew of versatile talents
and considerable powers of organiza
tion. In his evolution ns n socialist
ho 1ms passed through menshevlk In
ternationalism nnd. Trotzklst Irrutlon
nllsni to the moro strenuous doctrlno
of bolshevik Imperialism.
President of tho Potrogrnd Coun
cil of Workmen during tho revolution
of 100.1, Trozky hits been twice exiled
to Siberia, and has twite escaped be
fore tho completion of his sentence.
A in nn of violent moods nnd pas
Monti, Trotzky bus frequently been
guilty of tho greatest cruelty and ex
cesses. He has, howevor, written several
clever historical sketches of tho revo
lution, und as a Journalist possesses it
wnkcH u strong nppenl to his followers.
IS PANCH0 VILLA
Villus band, i fulled to tul.ti him dead or ullve. Then there was u story thnt
gnngreno set u nnd Villa hud died In somo recess of the Sierra Tarahumnro.
.Since the light nt (iiierroro thero has been no Villa beforo thu camera, no
Villa Interview ul, no pronuuilaiiientos by Villa, no Villa -eon by a responsible
American or Mexican.
Is Pitiirln villa alive or dead?
Lleutinin.t Oenernl Sir Robert
Stephenson Smyth HudfivPowell Is
making pluiih mr tho fiMimitlon or an
liiternalluiiiil committee embracing
hoy scout movements In countries
throughout the world to bring Into
elo-er relations millions of scouts und
scout lenders, lie toured Kuropo with
ibis purpiM conferring with scout
ulllclnls In France, Italy. Helglum and
.Serbia. Then ho cnino to this country
and visited Ronton, Now York. Wash
ington. Then ho went to Cniiiulu and
had confcre.aes In Ottawa, Montreal
nnd Toronto beforo returning to Kng
land. Sir Robert wns made much of In
the United States, ns was Lady Hailen
Powell, who h chief guide of tho Girl
Guides, as the girls' organization In
Great Britain Is known. The main
teaturu of his visit to New York was
a welcome rally on the sheep meadow
of Central park, a mohliiziition or -iv
000 Hoy Scouts of America. This was tho occasion In which tho scouts await
ing honor uicuuls und Kngle Scout ba dges received them from his huuds.
mm? iJwm MKKKtmmmi
This Is mi olllchil pleturo of Lc
iilne, otherwise Vhnllinlr llytch Ull
unolT. It lu from u propngnndn por
trait on sale during the present Lcnlno
Trotzky rule. It doubtless presents
tho soviet lender ut his best.
Of tho leaders of bolshevik Rus
sia, Lenlno Is by fur tho most Im
portnnt. Horn on April 10, 1870, ho In
u "hereditary noble" nnd tho son of
n state councilor of tho Simbirsk gov
ernment. Drought up In tho orthodox
faltli, ho was educated at the Simbirsk
gymnasium nnd ut tho University of
Kuznn, from which town, however, ho
wns speedily banished on account of
his socialist proclivities. Revolution
seems to run In his family, nnd his
brother Alexander wus executed as a
terrorist In 1887. Lenlno Is married to
Nudojdn Krupscknln, a former political
exile, to whom ho Is said to bo most
A stanch supporter of Karl Marx,
certain facility of argument which
ALIVE OR DEAD?
Is "Gen." Francisco (Pnncho)
Villa nllvo or dead?
Francisco Villa still campaigns In
Mexico, "according to Information
thnt has reached tho stnto depart
ment," snys u Washington dispatch,
which restores the former bandit and
rlvnl of Cnrrnnzn to the "bud em
inence" ho once enjoyed. Thus ho is
leading n now revolutionary movement,
has captured Parrnl, Jimenez, nnd
Hustlllo nnd Is planning a descent
upon Chlhuahuii mid Torrenn. Further
more, Villa Is preparing a statement
to the American press denying thut ho
wns Involved In tho Columbus raid
anil thut ho had u hand In tho Santa
Pnncho Villa was reported dead
of a leg wound received lu his nttnek
on Ouerrero on March 20, 1010. Thrco
days Inter Colonel Dmlil of tho United
Stales army, with some men tho Sev
enth anil Tenth cavalry, surprised
AND BOY SCOUTS
DIXON C. WILLIAMS,
Highly Respected Chicago Manufacturer.
NOMINATION OF JUDGES
Tho plan to nominate Judges by po
litical committees Is being fought bit
terly by lawyers.
"Power of nomination for ofllco
should not rest with any body or com
mittee," said John M. Cameron, librar
ian of tho Chicago Uar association In
voicing opposition to tho Duck bills
now pending in the upper houso of tho
Illinois legislature, bills which tend to
rovlso tho prcsont election laws. "I
do not think tho Uuck plan is u good
one. It would not tend In any way to
Improve tho Judiciary, but would leave
tho power of tho bench to n few boss
es." Tho bills hnvo been reported from
the stnto Judiciary committee of tho
scnato and nro awaiting action by tho
upper branch of tho general assembly.
Ono of tho bills seeks to put tho Ju
diciary in politics, according to somo
experts, Iplaclng tho nomination of
Judges at tho mercy of ward and pre
cinct committeemen. Tho county con
vention, under tho Buck bills relating
to Judges, would hnvo authority to se
lect delegates to tha state, Judicial and
district conventions to nominato candi
dates for circuit court branches In Ju
dicial districts composed of ono county
nnd candidates for Judgos of tho Su
perior Court of Cook County.
Charles S. Cutting, chairman of tho
Bar association's commlttco on tho Ju
diciary, said that politics should be
eliminated in every wny posslblo from
thu election of Judges.
"I am strongly in favor of nonparti
san election of Judges," ho said. "It
luiB always been tho caso in my ex
portation that n Judge bus had to ally
himself with somo political party. Tho
fruthcr wo can get nwny from that tho
bettor off wo will bo. I nm opposed
to n prlmnry system of electing
Judges nnd think that wo should, as
far as posiblo, cllmlnnto politics from
Levy Mayer expressed himself as ut
terly opposed to tho present primary
"My convictions nro strong on tho
subject," ho sold. "I havo not read
tho Buck bills, but if thoy do not con
form to my Ideas, I nm against them.
I am utterly opposod to tho present
In so far ns it affects Judicial nomina
tions. I am against tho primary for
Judges. I am also against tho partisan
pnrty label for Judgos. To mako it
necessary that a candidate for a Judge
ship shall first run at a primary of bin
uarty, and, if ho gets tho nomination,
go before tho peoplo ugnln nt tho reg
ular election, is an utterly bad sys
tem. Solf-reBpcctlng lawyers, who aro
ablo and ambitious, arc, as a rulo, un
willing and unnblo to mnko two cam
paigns. Tho result of tho prlmnry
system in my opinion has stunted
rather than Increased tho caliber of
tho bench. Candidates for Judges
should bo solocted by potitlon, signed
by, say, 5 per cent of tho voters. If
wo must hnvo n convention let tho con
vention havo tho right also to noml
nnto tho Judges,
"In this way wo should havo poti
tlon ns well ns convention candidates.
But, by all means, cut out tho primary
In Judicial elections.
Tho report of tho Illinois public
utilities commission from Jan. 1, 1914,
to March C, 1919, showed that It had
disposed of 0.3C9 formal potltlons and
complnlnts. Tho number of com
plaints is regarded as bolng small,
although covering ilvo years, duo to
tho fnct that so many skillod employes
worn called in tho draft.
Raklios' restaurants havo mado a
namo for thomsolvcs in Chicago,
which stands for good service, good
food and good oqulpmcnt. John Rak
lios, tho proprlotor of this popular
string of restaurants is a progressive
and patriotic Amorlcnn, citizon. He
has been a hard worker for tho Lib
erty Loan and has dono much towards
lining up tho Crooks of Chicago In tho
fine Bhowlng thoy havo made.
Kmuuuel Well has been connected
with tho Now York Llfo Insurance
Compnny for over twenty years. No
lusurnnco agent in tho country Is
more popular with tho public, or
moro loyal to his friends than Mr.
Harrison H. Rlloy, president of tho
Chicago Tltlo & Trust Company, Is
one of tho foremost citizens of Chi
cago; nlwnys progressive and patri
otic. ABclier Brothers will add another
playhouse to tholr chain of moving
pleturo theaters when thoy tako over
tho Crown theater, cornor of Milwau
kee nvonuo und Division stroot, on
Juno 1. This theater has been play
ing American burlesquo this season.
Ono of tho most Interesting storoa
in tho city to visit is that of Karl
Mayer & Company, in tho North
American building, 36 South 'State
street. Men go thero for servlco
dental and shaving creams, and wom
en for tho prlzo baby soap and a
grand linn of toilet articles.
Harry M. Qrut, cashier of tho Mer
cantile Trust & Savings Bank, at
Jackson boulevard and Clinton streets,
is ono of tho rising young men of
Chicago. Beforo accoptlng his present
responBlblo position, Mr. Qrut was con
nected with tho Continental & Com
mercial National Bank. Ho is re
spected by tho business community
and by nil with whom bo has como in
Judg John A. Mmhonr ol tfc
utuatalpaj court Is very popular wMk
U peopU because of the ood, teat-
mo leme h displays on the bai
W. S. Tothlll, the great manufac
turer of gymnasium and playground
apparatus, at 1816 Webster avenue,
has a national reputation because of
the excellence and reliability of his
Q. J, Chott, toe wan known lawyer,
who made a good record on the Jos
tles benca, wonld make a good Must
that the Oliver Nine
Typewriters, now sell
ing for $57, are brand
new, latest models, the
identical machines in
every way, that sold for
$100 before the Oliver
inaugurated its present
and selling plans.
Telephone today, Randolph 500.
A representative will show you
an Oliver Nine and give full de
tails with no obligations to you.
Tho Oliver Typewriter Company
11-U Oliver Typewriter Hide., Chicago
Karl Mayer & Company
Service Shaving and
Telephone Central 2133
36 South State Street CHICAGO