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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
An Independent Newipaper, Fearlett
SUBSCRIPTION RATES $2.00 PER YEAR
AiMrt AH CominanlcUoa U
179 WEST WASHINGTON ST.
Telephone Main 3913
Sautheait Cotaer Wmlilnfton St.
and WelU St.
HENRY F. DONOVAN, Editor and PublUher
Entered mi Stnrad C1m Matter October
It. lllr, at the Joel Oflle U Chicago, till
!, under A" -t Mareh I, 1879.
ES" 1SHED OCTOBER 5, 1889
orjortd Under the Lawe of Illlnole.
rounded br HKNUT f. DONOVAN.
T.ha Chicago Eagle, a nqwspaptr
c all cTateei of reader. U cfavated
ta National, ttm and. Local Pol
lUca; to the Wbljcatlon of Mu
Rfeipal. State, County and San
itary mttrJct nawtvjto comment
an eeeela In oublle Hial to dean
aaabaU and Baortt, and to the
Ion. or General mtormation
mtcclal and Piltnjal.
C JnterMt. Financial, Com
SATURDAY, JUNE 14, 1919.
TAX EATERS ARE BUSY.
Chicago is at the mercy ot tnx enters
nnd homo owners are their principal
victims. The Trlbuno recently voiced
public sentiment when It said:
Some citizens will perhaps feel
that bucIi organizations ns tlio Civic
Federation Are inclined to place too
much emphasis on the mere effort to
Keep taxes down, without in ovcry
case giving sulllclcnt regard to tlto
needs of the community. Hut when
wo consider the natural tendency of
legislative bodies to spend more and
more money nnd 11 consequent ten
dency to increaso taxes wo must real
ize that tlio organizations in ques
tion are performing 11 real service
A recent bulletin Issued by tho
Civic Federation shows that tlio total
increases for each $100 assessed valu
ation now pending at Springfield ag
gregate $2.43. In other words, a man
owning a $4,000 homo would havo to
pay about $S0.70 In taxes Instead of
$34.20 ns at present.
Wo ngreo with tho Civic Federation
that tho increases In prices and
wages do not scorn to Justify so largo
an advance In taxes. "Tho drive on
tho part of thoso Interested In spend
ing public funds," says tho federa
tion, "Is stronger now thnn nt any
previous time, and prompt action on
tho part of tho public Is necessary
to offset it."
Tho federation objects to n number
of Increases on tho ground that thoy
will ralso more funds than nro neces
sary. In particular tho (federation
does not believe that Chicago needs
n rate ot $2.35 or oven $2.25, ns it
was llxed In tho house. Wo bollovo
it is important not to restrict any gov
ernmental agency unduly at tho pres
ent time, but it Is also important
when tho burden of war taxation fnlls
so heavily on tho country to keep
other taxes as low as consistently pos
sible. It is tho duty of tho legisla
ture to examine each proposal with
these ideas In mind.
THE CITY COUNCIL
Ordinance Reported in to Secure
Reduction in Food Prices.
Ordinance Requiring All Autos to
Stop at All Street Car Crossings.
Tho commltteo on public health re
ported In an ordinance providing for
a Hepartmont of markets and foods.
Tho aldermen bollovo tho bureau will
play an important part in securing a
reduction In food prices. Tho ordi
nance provides for a director at $5,
000 a year, a corps of assistants and
an advlstory commission of threo al
dermen and eight other citizens.
Alderman A. A. McCormlck, chair
man of the council commltteo on ofll
clency, rehabilitation, and economy,
asked that this ordlnanco bo referred
to his commltteo.
"Tho health commltteo had a full
hearing on tho question and there was
not a voice raised against it," said
Alderman Lylo. "Wo need this bu
reau. Wo don't need any furthor de
lay" Action on tho ordlnanco was do
tarred until tho next meeting, Juno 23.
Alderman Max Adnmowskl offered
resolutions which wero unanimously
adopted asking that tho general as
sembly take action on tho pending
Aldorman Max AdamonsM offered
an ordlnanco asking that all automo
Mies bo required to stop ot cery
-treot car crossing, as they arc now
required to do at bou!onrds
Jacob I.lndholmer. tlio pop i'ar A
eistant Treasurer of f'ook Cojntj,
Ktands well with all factions of the
Iiemocratlc party. Ho has somd his
party well in overy public position
with which ho has boon honored by
the voters or by appointment and
higher honors are Jn storo for him.
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FRANK JOHNSTON, JR.,
Popular Judge of the Circuit Court.
Police captains nt nil stations havo
been ordered to tnko particular pre
cautions to sco that tho Sunday clos
ing law Is strictly enforced. Chief
of Police John J. (larrlty has Issued
special instructions to the captains
notifying them that they will bo held
personally responsible) for nil viola
tions In their districts.
"As July 1 draws near, tho saloon
keepers nro becoming bolder every
dny," said tho chief. "They don't
enro now whether they loso their li
censes or not, and arc willing to tnko
tho risk of keeping open on Sunday
nnd accepting tho consequences. Ar
rests will bo made tomorrow In ev
ery saloon which defies tho Inw."
TO CELEBRATE THE
Tho movement to havo big neigh
borhood celebrations on July 4 Is
Among thoso working for It nro
Frank I). Gardner, representing for
eign lnugungo newspapers; Max Loob,
citizens' commltteo on legislation;
William A. Doyle, Iroquois club;
Thomas W. Allison, City club; Mrs.
Henry Chenny, Woman's City club;
Wllllnm Y. Hlno, Lincoln Park bonrd;
Aldorman F. W. LIpps, Henry Znndor,
Unity club, nnd Mrs. Minnlo Green
bntim, women's clubs.
WHERE IS THE MONEY?
People With Bills Against the
Late Republican Campaign
Committee Are Wondering
Who Went South.
Peoplo with unpaid blls against tho
lato Republican Campaign Committoo
I nro wondering who went south with
For nught tho poor creditors know
it may havo been Invosted in oil or
smoke or something clso connected
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Popular Judge of the Circuit Court.
ELKS CONVENTION FOR
Chicago Lodgo No. 4 of tho Klks
Is working hard to bring tho National
Klks' Convention ot 1020 to Chicago.
It is estimated that this convention
would bring to Chicago 100,000 visi
tors, Including their Klks nnd their
fnmlllcs, for tho porlod of one week.
The cnmpnlgn to enpturo tho conven
tion for this city will bo financed by
tho Kilts' grand reunion commltteo,
which will glvo a bnrbecuo nt Whlto
Sox pnrk on Juno 2S for tho purpose
of swelling tho campaign fund.
Tho plans for gottlng tho ElkB con
vention, as well as other civic activi
ties which tho Chlcngo Klks will un
dertake during tho prcsont yenr, will
bo outlined to tho 175 city olllclals
who will nttend tho banquet.
20TH CENTURY CAFE
Richard M. Donnolly, tho popular
manngor of tho famous 20th Contury
cafo at tho southwost corner of Stnto
and Adams stroots, is rccolvlng tho
congratulations of his friends on
being nt tho bond of tho most beau
tiful restaurant In Chicago and 0110
of tho finest In tho world. Science
Is brought to tho aid of nature ifnd
tho toniporaturo In summer nover
rlpos above 72 degrees. It Is cool
thoro on tho hottest days. Among
tho many features of this most nt
traetlvo reslaurnnt nro tho spoclnl
ploto lunches, tho Sunday chicken
dinners and tho alluring, cooling nnd
nppetlzlng soda rountnin drinks nnd
dishes. Special nrrnngod tea parties
aro vory popular thoro.
Kdward F. Dunno nnd Wllllnm J.
Corboy nnnounco tho romovnl of their
olllccs to tho Rookory, 200 South I.n
Sallo street, whoro thoy will con
tiniio tho general practice of tho law
as successors to Dunno, Murphy &
Dunno, which Arm has been dissolved
by reason of tho removal of Danlol P.
Murphy and Rdward F. Dunno, Jr., to
Now York City.
YORK: RED-HEADED PEACEMAKER
?M mnmwmi :mmmibi.
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KilMH P Ualrtn Nt
111, 1887, one of 11 children. Ho Is n farmer and blacksmith. Ho provides
for his mother, one brother and threo little sisters. He Is 0 feet and weighs
205 pounds. 1R. Is red headed, lit? Is sure death with both rifle nnd pistol.
He used to drink n little, gamble a llttlo and swear. He quit In 1015
nnd Joined the Church of Chjlst nnd Christian Union, of which ho Is second
elder nnd singing leader. He was a conscientious objector. His captain con
vinced him In camp that It was his duty to act ns the peacemaker In Kuropc.
HOUSE'S INFLUENCE ON WILSON
Statesmen nnd lnymcn have specu
lated much upon the qualities pos
sessed by Col. Kdwnrd M. Houso which
give him nn Inlluunce over President
Wilson not possesfed by any other In
dividual not even by uny member of
Kvery now and then something
comes from Paris that tends to throw
light on this ui)tery. For example,
It Is now said that the American
body of experts nt the pence confer
ence Is probably the most notable In
attendance and that Colonel House Is
Ut be thanked for Its organization.
It Is also shld that Colonel House's
great Inlltienco with the president Is
unquestionably due, primarily, to tho
fnct that tho president has found In
the colonel a complement for his own
The president's mind runs to prin
ciples Is Inclined to shirk detnlls.
Relying greatly upon tho power of his
eloquence, ho Is Inclined to bo content with generalization.
Colonel House never made a f.peech In his life. Ho is unsentimental.
Ho is Inllucnced only by facts. Ho wants nil tho facts.
MISS ALICE PAUL:
& ... &mrj&z.
PXL "' -
it v r
Klio resolved to take politics as
GARFIELD AND NATURAL RESOURCES
Hnrry A. Garfield, though retir
ing from the directorship of the United
States fuel administration, remains in
the public eye by renson of his con
nection with n possible program of
governmental nctlvltles In connection
with natural resources.
President Wilson Is expected to
present to congress a program which
will provide for government as.-ocla-tlon
In the deelopment f coal, oil and
gas resources. Ills plan Is not ono of
outright government ownership, It Is
said, but one which contemplates n
supervision and direction which will
make lmposllilo privately owned mo
nopolies of tlu'Mi natural leMMirces.
For some time Doctor (iailleld has
been working out a plan for the presi
dent. The purpose, It Is understood,
would bo to obtain a mure equitable
distribution of these necessities irf In
dustrial life mid eliminate tho capita
listic dlctatorxblp which has heretoforo
been In effect.
. "COLORED LEAGUE" OF NATIONS
$ - - oil
fwK8iffg?B! ,f Weill rn N(nift t'nion
while ihe white couutiles uuiubtr 1.1,
Sum-nl Interior untloualltles would
Sergt. Alvln C. York, Pall Mall,
FcntroHi county, Tenn., Three Htm
dred nnd Twenty-eighth Infnntry,
Klghty-second division (All-America),
hns been irocliilmed ns "the soldier
who hns distinguished himself nbovo
nil men In tho war In tho achievement
of the grcntest Individual deed In his
tory." This deed Is rcnlly n little bat
tle In Itself, but told as briefly as pos
sible It Is this:
York, then corporal. October 8,
1018, killed HO Germans with his rlflo
nnd pistol ; captured 132 prisoners, In
cluding n mnjor and three llcuteimnta;
put 35 machine guns out ot business,
nnd thereby broke up nn entire bnt
tnllon which was about to counter-attack
ngalnst the Americans on Hill 223
In the Argonne sector, near Clintcl
Pall Stall Is a mountnin cross
roads with possibly 20 houses scnttered
about. York was born thoro December
tilern Kmiparif Union j
"JOAN OF ARC"
Alice Paul, national chairman of
tho National Woman's party, Is called
by her friends "Joan of Arc." In threo
years she has raised mora than ?300,
000 and has formed a national organi
zation of 50,000 members.
This militant leader of woman's
suffragu forces Is a Quaker. At llrst
sight. In repose, sho looks that part
more than the militant suffragist who,
for picketing tho president, received
a sentence of seven mouths' Imprison
ment. Her manners aro quiet, her
voice low. Sho Is apt to keep her
hands crossed on her lap. It Is only
on closo scrutiny that ono perceives
her underlying llrmuess and ability to
light to a llnlfli.
Miss Paul Is a gradunto of Swarth
more college and, after a ciuir.se a tho
Now York School of Philanthropy,
went to Knglanil to study labor prob
lems In the Universities of Loudon
sho found It.
.Senator Iteed of MNsouri, though
11 Demoerat, Is opposed to the league
of nations. Speaking against It In the
senate the other day, he maile a now
point when he called It u "colored
"An cmiiuIiuiIImu ()f the member
ship of this present league," Senator
Iteed said, "will Him astonish and then
arouse the Indignation of evorv
thoughtful man. It win ciuno as ii
distinct shock, lht. that this Is a
colored league of nut Ions, U'Jmt Is to
say, the majority of nations compos
lug tho league do not belong to tho
whlto nice. On tho contrary, they are
a conglomerate of the black, jellow,
In-own and red races, Irequently bo
Intermixed and commingled us to con
stitute an mwlnshlilublo mongrel
Tho senator showed tlmt countries
classified as "dark" were 17 In num
ber, with n population of 811,000.000.
with a population of 2S9,000,000.
huvc same voting strength as America.
. r- -.'.-.iiiarf i-niii-- - '"'-iniiiiiiiiMiMiiMfcianiiii imni ' t-"1
Merchant Miller, Financial Leader
HELLO! NEW RATES
(Continued from pngo 1.)
in excess of the guaranteed number
of calls will pay much less for their
service than heretofore.
Tho equipment on tho subscribers'
premises will bo tho samo as now.
Tho messages will bo registered on
meters In tho exchanges.
There aro about 270,000 of tho four
party lino "Nickel a day" telephones
Kvon In tho pre-war times, this sorv
led wns furnished nt a loss variously
cstlmnted at from $3.00 to $0.00 per
telephone per annum. Thoro will bo
no Increase In tho chnrgu for calls,
but tho subscriber Is required to guar
antee O'c n dny Instead of 5c. Put
ting it another wny, tho subscriber
will bo required to pay for -10 mes
sages a month instead of 30, ot flvo
cents each. A largo porcontngo of
tho subscribers will not bo affected
by this chango for tho reason that
thoy already uso moro than 10 mes
sages por month.
Tho system of credits by which
coin-box subscrlbors in tho current
month got cnlls without ehargo to
tho oxtent of guarantees for short
ages inndo up in tho previous month,
Is dono away with.
In tho surhurhan division nnd in
tho Inrgor oxchnnges, tho slnglo lino
business tolophono rates ,ls increased
from $4.00 to $5.00 por month; tho
two pnrty rnto from $3.00 to $4.00:
tho slnglo lino rcsldenco rnto Is not
chnnged but the two party rato is in
creased from $2.00 to $2.50, and tho
four party from $1.50 to $2.00.
Thoro nro threo other sots of rntcs
for tho surburbnn division, nppllcablo
to tho cities and vlllngos of various
sizes. Tho farm lino business rnto
Is changed from $2.00 to $2.50. while
tho resldonco rnto Is chnnged from
$1.50 to $2.00.
Tho now rates havo boon mndo up
with tho greatest enro and roprosont
tho best skill nnd oxporlonco In dis
tributing tho chnrgos for supplying
tho sorvlco equitably uinong tho vn
rlous classes of sorvlco. Tho dis
criminations In tho old schedulo in
favor of cortnin classes of subscrlbors
at tho exponBo of others hnvo bcon
entirely eliminated. It cannot bo defi
nitely known In ndvanco Just what
rovonuo a particular schedulo will
produco, especially whoro tho sorvlco
Is charged for by tho message as is
now proposed, becnuso it cannot bo
known how many mossagos subscrib
ers will send. Tho oporntions ot tho
company nro nn open book and tho
results will bo known from month to
month. Tho property must bo kopt
In first class condition, and tho serv
ice must bo mndo as nenr perfect ns
possible If tho now rates produco
moro rovenuo thnn Is needed, thoy
will bo lowered. If thoy do not bring
in enough rovenuo, it will of courso
ho necessary to mnko another chango.
Andrew II. Houghnn, tho woll known
Chicago lawyor, with offices at 5
North La Sallo streot, is frequently
mentioned for Judicial honors. Ho
would make a good Judgo. Mr.
Jloughan Is n Chicago product, born
and raised In tho city, and his record
nt tho bar hns bcon a succccsstul and
Emanuol Woll has bcon connoctcd
with tho Now York Llfo Insuranco
Company for ovor twonty years. No
insuranco agent in tho country is
moro populnr with tho public, or
moro loyal to his friends than Mr.
Ono ot tho most Interesting stores
in tho city to visit is that of Karl
Mayor & Company, in tho North
Amorican building, 30 South Stnto
street. Men go thoro for sorvico
dental nnd shaving creams, nnd wom
en for tho prlzo baby soap and a
grand linn of tollot articles.
Karl Mayer &i Company
Service Shaving and
Telcphono Control 2133
36 South State Street CHICAGO
M S 9Nfcsci
and Popular Republican Leader.
I2TH ST. STORE
So Do All the Big West Side De
Tho principal department stores on
tho west slilo havo agreed to closo
on Saturday nights Indefinitely, be
ginning July 1, for tlio purpose of
giving their employes moro lolsuro
time. This movo Is voluntary on tho
part of tho owners. Among thoso
closing will bo tho two Wioboldt
stores nt Mllwaukeo nvcnuo and
North Paullnn street and Lincoln nvo
nuo, School stroct nnd ABhlnnd avo
uuo; Klein's, at West 20th and South
Ilnlstcd streets, and L. Klein, nt West
1-1 til and South Hnlstcd strcots; tho
Twelfth Street storo and K. Ivorson
& Co., at Mllwaukeo nvcnuo and
Wood street. It Is thought that tho
peoplo will readily ngreo to tho now
plnn of shopping on Snturdny after
noon in ordor to permit tho depart
ment storo employes to hnvo Saturday
ABOLISH THIS JOB
The Department of Public Ser
vice Is an Unnecessary Hard
ship on the Taxpayers.
Tho city department of public sor
vlco should bo abolished.
It Is nn unnecessary nest of sine
cures. Tho blugest sinecure In it Is tho Job
A visit to his olllco may disclose this
This department cost tho weary
taxpayers ot Chicago, $70,910 last
It protonds to rocolvo, investigate
and adjust complaints regarding sor
vlco, ratos, products nnd other mattora
rolntlng to tho health, comfort, con
vonlonco or Bnfoty of tho public aa
affoctod by public utilities.
Let us laugh.
Everybody knows what a Joko this
department Is and how llttlo It does.
that the Oliver Nine
Typewriters, now sell
ing for $57, are brand
new, latest models, the
identical machines in
every way, that sold for
$100 before the Oliver
inaugurated its present
and selling plans.
Telephone today, Randolph 500.
A representative will show you
an Oliver Nine and Rive full de
tails with no obligations to you.
The Oliver Typewriter Company
Jl-JI Oliver Typewriter Bide, Cblcaco