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UIIIVEBSITV OF IIUNOiS HBRARY
. 'JUL 7 1919
ntr4 8eond Claaa Matter Oetabar 11. 1SS9. at tht Port
Offle at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3, 1t7.
Office of Publication,
179 W. Wathlngton St., Chicago, III.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE,
Entered at Secend Claia Mfctter October 11, 1M, wt
Office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act ef Mareti t
THIRTIETH YEAH, KO.
PRICE OF BREAD
Colonel B. A. Eckhart, the Leading Merchant-Miller,
Says That Flour
Cost Will Be Lower
But That While the New Crop May Reduce Wheat
Cost Labor Items Will
Colonel D. A. Eckhnrt, president of
tho D. A. Eckhnrt Milling Company,
makes tho following Btntoraont on
tho bread situation:
A reduction of nbout $1 a bnrrol In
tho cost of Hour can bo looked for
with tho harvesting and grinding of
tho now wheat crop, but it will bo
hard to say whothor It will reduce
tho retail prices of bread. With tho
steady advances in tho prlco of somo
of tho materials that cntor Into bread
making and with demands of labor of
all kinds employed by bakers and re
tailers it may bo that tho prlco of n
loaf will not bo reduced, and yot I
feel sure that tho moving of tho now
whoat crop will provent any incroaso
in bread prices.
In considering bread prices, wo
must romomber that America has tho
best hrnnd In tho world. Amnrlonns
demand tho best, nnd bakers becauso
of competition now ndd milk, lard
and other shortening, nnd sugar to
their broad. In most European coun
tries, bread is mado of tho cheaper
grados of Hour, of yoost and suit, tho
samo old methods wo used to havo
horo, nnd naturally it costs less thoro
now. lint our pcoplo would not bo
satisfied with It. Hero also wo wunt
it wrapped and handled In a sanitary
manner, whllo over thoro tho samo
euro Is' not given it. Honco wo must
pay for this extra oxponso.
Tho lraolc chargo for whoat today
under tho president's proclamation Is
$3.20 a bushol, plus tho carrying
chargo of 20c n bushol which brings
tho cost to $2.40 on which tho Hour
prlco is bused, and this prlco will
obtuln until tho now wheat crop be
gins to move Thoro will bo no car
rying chargo on tho now crop and
wo will fcol tho chango nbout Sep
tember 1, Tho impression scorns to
hold that thoro aro lmmonso quanti
ties of old wheat stored In this coun
try, but the contrary is true, nnd tho
supply will barely carry us through
until tho now whoat Is harvested and
ready for grinding.
One Is asked why It Is that after
tho suddon signing of tho nrmlstico
tho guaranteed prlco of wheat was not
romovpd so that prices might como
down, as tho spring wheat had boon
planted. This could not hnvo been
dono without a groat discrimination
against tho whoat growors of tho
southwest to tho advantage of thoso
of tho northwest. When tho prlco was
fixed by presidential proclamation, It
wns thought tho war would contlnuo
at loast throo years and whoat produc
tion had to bo stimulated. Tho prlco
guaranty was for tho season of 1919
and 1920 nnd so had to apply to tho
wholo country, nnd could not bo can
celed aftor tho nrmlstico wns algnod.
As n result of tho government's fix
ing tho prlco of whoat tho production
has been stimulated over that of all
other years nnd wo aro about to har
vest ono of tho host and largest crops
of whont tho nation over raised. Its
condition is good in practically all
parts of tho country oxcopt In certain
Boctlons whoro thoro has boon too
much rain. It Is ostimntod that tho
harvest this year will bo 1,200,000,000
bushols. Tho estimated domestic re
quirements for broad and soed aro
about GOO.000,000 bushols, and Julius
Barnos, whoat director of tho federal
grain corporation, ostlmatos that tho
nlllos, tho noutrnl countries of Eu
ropo and tho control powers will prob
ably roqulro 100,000,000 bushols. This
will Icavo n surplus of 200,000,000
bushols to carry over to tho noxt crop
This Is not much In excess of what
wo should carry over, In vlow of tho
fact that next your, tho ncroago for
tho 1920 whont crop will bo consider
ably loss than that of 1919, ns thoro
will ho no prlco guaranty, for that
oxplros Juno HO, 1920, and tho farmor
Largeit Weekly Circulation Among
People of Influence and Standing
Vt Per Year In Advance.
will probably feel that It will bo moro
prolltnblo to plant other cereals such
as oat8, corn, barley, ryo and flax.
Next year will probably witness tho
start of tho movement of wheat ncro
ago back to normal.
It has been brought homo to many
.since tho war began nnd tho supply
of food products has gradually low
ered that tho world's supply of food
Is on a very narrow margin, under
normal conditions. A crop falluro In
any ono of tho few big producing na
tions might menu serious conso
quonccs. If llusBtn, which In tho past
has produced wheat and ryo, should
contlnuo to fall to produce theso for
tho noxt two or throo years, then tho
world would depend on North Amor
lea, Argontlnn, Australia and India,
and prices possibly would contlnuo
at consldnrpbly hlghor levels than ob
tained during tho pro-war years. To
mo, It seems that at present at least
tho prices for brendstuffs aro not so
very much out of lino, considering
that prices aro fixed by tho cost of
labor and tho cost of production, nnd
I bollovo that not for somo years will
thoro bo nuy pcrccptlblo reduction li
prices, nnd then It will bo a gradual
yoar by year loworlng from tho pros
If our expectation Is realized as to
the quantity of wheat produced this
yoar, It will moan great prosperity
to our agricultural pooplo, and when
thoy aro prosperous It Incronsos tho
buying and consuming power of tho
country for nil articles and commo
dities manufactured' In tho United
States, nnd will set In motion tho
activities of tho manufacturing, com
mercial and financial lutorosts of tho
There is n wldo dlfforonco of opin
ion ns to tho advisability of using tho
billion dollar fund appropriated by
congress for tho groin corporation with
which to hnndlo this now grnin crop.
Somo want It so used as to bring tho
prlco of brendstuffs down to a lowor
lovol whllo othors aro In favor of
not touching It unless It Ib absolute
ly necessary nnd If posslblo to ro
turn It lntnct. I hnvo changed my
vIowb respecting tho uso of this fund
and favor tho second course, It that
As I hnvo stated, I bollovo tho har
vesting of tho now whoat crop will
bo a sufilclont guaranty to keop bread
prices from advancing. If wo uso
tho $1,000,000,000 fund to rcduco flour
and bread prices then wo aro put
ting two prices on our wheat, ono
prlco to our pooplo and nuothor to
our nlllos and tho noutrnl countries.
In other words, wo shall bo limiting
thorn pay tho fixed price whllo wo
soil at n less prlco at homo to our
own pcoplo. It occurs to mo that as
a mntter of public policy, It will not
bo ndvlsnblo to hnvo two prlcos for
our wheat, and If wo do, wo may hnvo
to faco somo sort of roprlsala In our
l'uturo commerclul relations with tho
countrlos wo discriminate against. In
tho end tho $1,000,000,000 comes from
tho toxpayors, and I bollovo that It
will bo tho wiser policy to play square
with our allies and frlonds In tho mat
tor of wheat prices.
WANT TO RUN
Don't forgot: Iloreaftor Chicago
will havo fifty wards ono nldorman
from oach ward and anyono can run
without a nomination. Tho non-partisan
bill Is a law.
POLICE AND FIREMEN
Tho city council voted to pay patrol
men a maximum wago of $1,800 a yoar,
an increase of $300.
Tho firemen aro also to bo paid a
maximum wage of $1,800 a yoar.
Tho salary of tho lowest grado city
hall clork was flzod at fl,G00,
Tho council also agreed to pay tho
union scalo of wages to all organized
skilled nnd unskilled labor.
Thu salary demands rresentcd by
Tim Murphy of tho street elennors
and gnrbago collectors' union wero
rojected by tho council after Chair
man Illchcrt of tho finance commit-
too sold It would add $125,000 to tho
appropriation bill. Iloughly spcaV.iug
these men will get a raise of GO cents
a day Instead of $1.
Tho nldormon said tho salary for
firemen and policemen sots a high
wntor mark In this country. Tho salary
In Now York Is $1,050, according to
a tolcgrnm received by a council
Qoorgo D. Hargan, president of tho
firemen's union, disputed tho alder
"In both Akron nnd Youngstown,
O., tho flromon aro now receiving
$1,800," said Hargan. "I don't know
of any other towns."
Mayor Thompson was tho fathor of
municipal playgrounds. Ho Intro
ducod and socurcd tho pnssago of tho
first ordinanco creating ono whllo ho
was an alderman.
Congressman James McAndrows
making a good record.
CHICAGO SLTTJBDJl, JULY
Bum Clcrka and Payroll Stiffs
Can Now Be Dropped and
Good Men Given Jobs.
A number of tho ,clty hall clerks
who struck for higher, pny are notori
ous loop hounds nndi' chronic hums.
Hero's a chnnco tor' Mayor Thomp
son to give good men places in tho
city linll. I'ollcomen and flremen wero
justified In asking higher pay. They
peril their lives for tho public. Many
of tho clerks aro deserving men, but
the- bums and loop hounds should bo
WASTE OF CITY MONEY
Giving $93,000 a Year to the De
partment of "Public Service"
for Doing Nothing' and Cutting
Wages of ,Hard-Working Em
ployes Is LittlefLpss than An
Outrage. ' '"
No wonder city employes are sore.
They havo n right vto complain of
being undorpnld. ,
When tho city council can virtually
glvo away over $93000 of tho peo
ple's money every yenr for a serious
Joko lll(e tho so-called Department
of Public Service, policemen, llrcmon,
COLONEL B. A. ECKHART,
Who Makes nn Interesting statement On
and othor hard-working city omployes
havo n right to fcol soro.
Useless sinecures llko tho Public
Sorvlco Dopnrtmont should bo wiped
out nnd tho money appropriated for
It divided among noody city em
ployes In othor departments.
Everybody knows whnt tho "Pub
lic Sorvlco" department exists for.
And ovorybody will know moro
nbout It whllo it drains.
Policemen and firemen risk their
llvos for the public.
Instend of throwing money nwny
on "public sorvlco" schomes, glvo It
NEW TAX COMMISSION
Govornor Lowdon appointed Col.
Joseph B. Sanborn of Chicago, Frank
F. Noloman of Contralln, and C. C.
Crnlg of Gnlosburg mombors of tho
now tax commission, which took of
feet July 1,
y V"'; 'V 'fthJ,'' ''? aLHMKS..'y 'Vf'A .-eHeaHlBlBHailfflHaltWI
KILLS THE PARK
Lincoln Park Fast Going to Ruin on
Account of Being Turned Over
to Auto Bums
Baseball Playing Prohibited on Sundays and Song
birds Driven From Park to Please
To say that tho pcoplo of Chicago
aro Indignant nt tho manner in which
dead-beat nutomoblllsts lord it over
Lincoln Park is to put it too mildly.
A woman who takes five chlldron
to tho pnrk nowadays Ib lucky If sho
brings threo of them out of It allvo.
Tho best part of Lincoln Park is
the Bread and
glvon over to tho Irresponsible nuto
gang to do as thoy ploaso with It.
Tho main attractions of tho park
llko tho zoo, bird houso and nqunrlum
aro on nn Island so to speak, which
island Is surrounded by raging
streams of spcody autos.
Tho termor ploasuro rosort is
crossed nt frequent points by noisy
autos filled with bums and bumesses.
Songbirds no longer frequent tho
Tho only wild birds soon thoro now
nro crow black birds, sparrows and a
Tho smoll of gnsollno on tho auto
driveways; tho maudlin shrloks of
tho autoists and tho honks of tho
autos havo driven all of tho feathered
songsters that onco frequented tho
Exploding tires mnko tho drlvos
Fourths of July all tho yoar around.
And then tho nuto pooplo often flro
rovolvors nt oach othor.
Ono day recently thoro was a loud
explosion on ono of tho west drives.
Startled pcoplo nskod what It was.
"Oh, nothing," said n park hnngor
on. "Only nn Edgowntor pimp shoot
ing nt his woman for not glvlnc him
Thcro aro olght baseball diamonds
In Lincoln Pnrk.
They aro located nt tho southonst
end of tho park, whoro thoy Inter
fered with nobody nnd gnvo plcnauro
Now, to please tho nuto riders, bnso
ball playing is forbidden In tho pnrk
Think of that!
And then tnlk about blue laws.
Thousands of pcoplo used to visit
Lincoln Park on Sundays to watch tho
Thousands of worklngmen who,
with tho saloons cloned, bad no othor
placo to go.
Unhappily, to reach tho ball fields
they wero obliged to cross tho rotten
gnsollno nuto drlvoways.
This forced tho maudlin nnd crazy
autoists to slacken their pneo.
They novor slackened It for women
nut they fen i ed to kill or malm too
many baseball fans.
It might bo dnngerous.
So thoy appealed to tho Pari:
And the Pnrk Hoard closed tho
bnBobnll field on Sundays nnd gnvo
tho auto murdorors full swing.
Now tho baseball field Is llko n cem
etery on Sunday nnd tho autoists nro
filling othor cemeteries at their own
Automobiles should bo ruled out of
Lincoln Park except on tho eastern
outsldo or lnko shoro drives.
Thoy should net bo permitted on
any of tho west or lnsldo drlvoways of
Thoy aro a positive mennco to tho
lives and limbs of hundreds of thou
sands of men, women and chlldron
who seok tho park for rest or pleasure
It Is almost Impossible for a pedos
trlnu to cross any of tho west drive
ways without endangering his llfo.
Tho class of autoists who frequont
tho lusldo and wost drives of Lincoln
Park act us If thoy wero fioeing from
creditors, tho pollco or someono olso
Judging from tho speed with which
Thoy torrify visitors, mnko It dim
cult for them to cross tho drlvos nnd
often malm, Injuro and insult tho pub
lic whllo In a maudlin condition.
To ruin Lincoln Pnrk to gratify this
class of voi mln would bo n sliamo.
It would bo bettor to shut nil nutos
out of tho pnrk than to havo this groat
pleasure ground destroyed.
Tho class of nuto "owners" who fro
quont tho west drives nil net ns If thoy
wero nfrald of tho pollco, who nro ro
markubly fow In number In that pait
of tho park but who aro numerous
enough on tho lake shoro roads,
Tho offending autoists aro mado up
Plckpockots who llvo "up north,"
Hand Houso Houndcrs,
Fired former policemen,
And chronic dendboats.
For thnt matter fifty per cent of tho
nuto hord nro dendbonts who owo for
Who pay no taxes and llvo llko
cooties on ovorybody thoy can dlno
It is high tlmo tho Lincoln Park
WHOLE Is I-MIJER 1550
commissioners woko up to tho fact
that tho park Is for all tho pcoplo nnd
not for a gang of nuto-rldlng dogencr
utes to destroy nt will.
HANG THEM HIGH
Men Who Seek to Betray the
People Should Be Punished
Tho enemies of tho pooplo nro al
ready reaching out to control tho
coining constitutional convention.
This Bottles tho now constitution.
Tho pcoplo will not stnnd for Trust
Domination of tho baBlc law of the
The trust batons nbsolutoly con
trolled tho legislature nt its Into ses
sion. Thoy wero bold.
They passed laws permitting tho
And Gulden Trust
To raise prices on tho public nnd
form nny sort of u trust that thoy
liked without any danger of prosocu
Hon. Talk about high hnnded measures!
How Is thnt for high?
Tho public generally Is Indignant,
hut, as one of tho bosses snld:
Whnt nro you going to do nbout It?
Tho now Constitution Is going to bo
framed by tho Trust Gang.
And don't you forgot It.
Thoy uro making preparations now
to do tho Job.
REYNOLDS RAISES BANK
George M Reynolds, president of
tho Continental & Commercial Nn
tlonal Dank, announced that his in
stitution and Its associated corpora
tion, tho Continental & Conitnorclal
Trust & Savings Hank, have voted
to grant a 10 per cont bonus to em
ployes who hnvo boon working for
either company slnco Jan. 1, 1U19.
Thoso who havo bocomo omployes
slnco Jnu. 1 will bo granted smaller
Mr. Reynolds snlil ho bollovcd bo
nuses or some share of tho profits
In Industry will keep tho families of
workors happier and moro content
ed and that such policy was tho most
offectlvu safeguard against Bol
shevism. COMMISSIONER JAMES
M.WIIALEN BACK FROM
HIS HONEYMOON TRIP
James M Whnlcn, tho popular
Cook county clIl senlco Commis
sioner, is back fiom his honoymoon.
Mr. Wlmlon wns married Juno 11 to
Miss Florenco V. Coyne, duughtor of
D, J. Coyuo, tho well known South
Wator streot commission merchant.
Tho happy couple vlsltod Niagara
Falls, Atlantic City, Long Brunch, Now
York City and othor eastorn points
of Intorost, and returned nfter a most
enjoynblo tour to recoivo tho congrat
ulations and good wlshos of their
Patrick A, Nash is making n great
record on tho Board of Rovlow.
Largest Weekly Circulation Among
People of Influence and Standing