Newspaper Page Text
v i -Bify
'JUL 7 1919
Birtr! at Stcond Clait Matter Oetnbar
Offle at Chicago, Illinois, unaer Act
THIRTIETH YEAR, NO.
PRICE OF BREAD
Colonel B. A. Eckhart, the Leading Merchant-Miller,
Says That Flour
Cost Will Be Lower
But That While the New Crop May Reduce Wheat
Cost Labor Items Will
Colonel II. A. Eckhart, president of
tho IJ. A. Eckhart Milling Company,
makes tho following statement on
tho brcrul situation:
A reduction of about $1 n barrel In
tho cost of Hour enn bo looked for
with tho harvesting nml grinding of
tho now wheat crop, but It will bo
hard to say whether It will reduco
tho retail prices of bread. With tho
steady advances In tho prlco of houio
of tho materials that enter Into bread
making and with demands of labor of
all kinds umploycd by bakers and io
fullers It may bo that tho prlco of n
loaf will not bo reduced, and yet I
fcol sure that tho moving of tho now
wheat crop will prevent any incroaso
In bread prices.
In considering bread prices, wo
must remember that America 1ms tho
best broad In tho world. Arc'irk-uns
demand tho bost, and bakers becauso
of competition now add milk, lard
and other shortening, and sugar to
their bread. In most European coun
tries, bread is made of tho cheaper
grades of Hour, of yenst and salt, tho
same old methods wo used to havo
hero, and naturally it costs loss thoro
now. Hut our people would not bo
satisfied with It. Hi'io also wo want
it wiuppcd and handled In a sanitary
munnor, while over thoro tho samo
care Is not given It. llenco wo must
pay for this extra oxponso.
Tho basic chargo for wheat today
under the prcsldout's proclamation Is
$3.20 it bushel, plus tho carrying
chargo of 'JOo a bushel which brings
the cost to $2.16 on which the Hour
price Is based, and this prlco will
obtain until tho now wheat crop be
gins to movo. Thoro will bo no car
rying chargo on tho now crop nml
wo will feel tho chango about Sep
tember 1. Tho impression seems to
hold that thoro aro lmmcnso quanti
ties of old wheat stored in this coun
try, but the contrary Is tiue, and tho
supply will barely carry us through
until tho now wheat Is harvested and
ready for grinding.
One Is asked why It Is that after
tho suddon signing of tho armlstlco
tho guaranteed prlco of wheat was not
romovod so that prlcos might como
down, as tho spring wheat had boon
planted. This could not havo been
done without a great discrimination
against tho whoat growers of tho
southwest to tho ndvantngo of thoso
of tho northwest. When tho prlco was
fixed by presidential proclamation, it
wns thought tho war would contlnuo
at loast throo years and wheat produc
tion had to bo stimulated. Tho prlco
Guaranty was for tho season of 1919
nml 1920 and so had to apply to tho
wholo country, nml could not bo can
celed after tho armlstlco was signed.
As a result of tho govornment's Ax
ing tho prlco of whoat tho production
has boon stimulated over that of all
other years and wo nro about to har
vest ono of tho best and largest crops
of wheat tho nation ovor raised. Its
condition Is good in practically all
parts of tho country oxcopt In certain
sections whoro thoro has boon too
much rain. It Is estimated that tho
harvest this year will ho 1,200,000,000
bushols. Tho estimated domestic ro
qulremonts for bread and seed aro
about GOO.000,000 bushols, and Julius
Darnes, whoat director of tho fedoral
grain corporation, ostlmates that tho
nlllos, tho noutral countries of Eu
ropo nnd tho central powers will prob.
ably requlro 100,000,000 bUBhels. This
will leavo a surplus of 200.000,000
bushels to carry ovor to tho next crop
yen""- . , ,
This Is not much In excess of what
wo should carry over, In vlow of tho
fact that noxt year, tho acreage for
tho 1920 whoat crop will bo consider
ably less than that of 1919, as thoro
will bo no prlco guaranty, for that
expires Juno 30, 1920, and tho farmor
Largest Weekly Circulation Among
People of Influence and Standing
11. 18M. at the Pott
of March 3. 1171.
Office of Publication,
179 W. Washington St., Chicago, III.
tZ Per Year In Advance.
will probably fcol that It will bo moro
profitable to plant other cereals such
us oats, corn, barley, ryo and flax.
Next year will probably witness tho
start of tho movement of wheat acre
ago back to normal.
It has been brought homo to ninny
since the war began nnd tho supply
of food products has gradually low
ered that tho world's supply of food
Is on a very narrow margin, under
normal conditions. A crop failure in
any ono of tho few big producing na
tions might mean serious conse
quences. If Russia, which in tho past
has produced wheat nnd ryo, should
contlnuo to fall to produco theso for
tho noxt two or thrco years, then tho
world would depend on North Amor
lea, Argentina, Australia and India,
and prices possibly would contlnuo
nl conslderr-hly higher lovols than ob
tained during tho pre-war years. To
me, It Hcems that at present at least
tho prices for brcadstuffs aro not so
very much out of line, considering
that prlcos aro fixed by tho cost of
labor and tho cost of production, nnd
I bollovo that not for somo years will
thoro bo any porceptlblo reduction li
prices, anil then It will bo u gradual
year by year loworlng fiom tho pres
If our expectation Is realized as to
the quantity of wheat produced this
year, It will mean great prosperity
to our agricultural people, and when
they mo prosperous It lncrcisos tho
buying and consuming power of tho
country foi all articles and commo
dities manufactured In tho United
Stutes, and will set In motion tho
activities of tho manufacturing, com
mercial and financial interests of tho
Thoro Is a wldo dlfl'oroneo of opin
ion as to tho advisability of using tho
billion dollar fund appropriated by
congress for the grain corporation with
which to handle this now grain crop.
Somo want It so used as to bring tho
prlco of brcadstuffs down to a lowor
lovol while othors aro In favor of
not touching It unless It Is absolute
ly necessary and If posslblo to ro
turn It intact. I havo changed my
vlows respecting tho uso of this fund
anil favor tho second course, If that
As I havo stated, I believe tho har
vesting of tho now wheat crop will
bo a sulllclont guaranty to keop bread
prlcos from advancing. If wo uso
tho $1,000,000,000 fund to reduce flour
and broad prices thou wo nio put
ting two prices on our wheat, onu
prlco to our people nnd nuothcr to
our nlllos and tho neutral countries.
In other words, wo shall bo making
them pay tho fixed prlco whllo wo
soil at a loss prlco at homo to our
own people. It occurs to mo that ns
a matter of public policy, It will not
bo ndvlsahlo to havo two prlcos for
our wheat, and If wo do. wo may havo
to faco some sort of reprisals in our
future commercial relations with tho
countries wo discriminate against. In
tho end tho $1,000,000,000 comes from
tho taxpayors, and I bollovo that It
will bo tho wiser policy to play square
with our allies and friends In tho mat
tor of wheat prices.
WANT TO RUN
Don't forgot: Hereafter Chicago
will havo fifty wards ono alderman
from each ward and nnyono can run
without a nomination. Tho non-partisan
bill Is a law.
POLICE AND FIREMEN
Tho city council voted to pay patrol
men a maximum wago of $1,800 a year,
an Increase of $300.
Tho flromon nro also to bo paid a
maximum wago of $1,800 a year.
Tho salary of tho lowost grade city
hall clork was fliod at $1,C00.
Tho council nlso agreed to pay tho
union scale of wages to all organized
skilled and unskilled labor.
Tho salary demands presented by
Tim Murphy of tho street cleaners
and garbago collectors' union wcro
rojected by tho council after Chair
man Klchcrt of the finance commit-
teo sold it would add $ 12.1,000 to tho
appropriation bill. Roughly spea'.ing
theso men will get a raise of DO cents
a day instead of $1.
Tho aldermen bald the salary for
flremon and policemen sots a high
water mark In this country. The salary
In Now York is $1,030, according to
a tolegram rccotved by a council
Georgo D. Hargan, president of tho
firemen's union, disputed th"o alder
"In both Akron and Youngstown,
O., tho flromon nro now recolvlng
$1,800," said Hargan. "I don't know
of any other towns."
Mayor Thompson was tho fathor of
municipal playgrounds. Ho Intro
duced nnd secured tho pussngo of tho
first ordinance creating ono whllo ho
was an alderman.
Congressman Jamos McAndrows Is
making a good record.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NONE.
CHICAGO SA.TURDA1, .JULY
Bum Clerks and Payroll Stiffs
Can Now Be Dropped and
Good Men Given Jobs.
A number of tho cll ball cletks
who stiurk for hlghor pin are notori
ous loop hounds nnd cluonlr buniB.
Here's a chance for Mnor Thomp
son to give good men places In tho
city ball. Policemen nnd firemen wore
Justified In asking higher pay. They
peril their lives for tho public. Many
of the clerks nro deserving men, but
the bums and loop hounds should bo
WASTE OF CITY MONEY
Giving $93,000 a Year to the De
partment of "Public Service"
for Doing Nothing and Cutting
Wages of Hard-Working Em
ployes Is Little Less than An
No wonder city employes are sore.
They havo a right to complain of
When tho city council can virtually
glvo away over $93,000 of the peo
ple's money every year for ti serious
Joko like tho so-called Department
of Public Service, policemen, flremon,
COLONEL B. A. ECKHART,
Who Makes nn Interesting Statement
and other hard-working city omplojos
havo a right to tool sore.
Useless sinecures llko tho Public
Service Department should bo wiped
out and tho money appropriated for
it divided among needy city em
ployes In othor departments.
Everybody knows what tho "Pub
lic Servlco" department oxlsts for.
And overybody will know moro
about It whllo It drains.
Policemen and 111 onion risk their
lives for tho public
Instead of throwing money nwny
on "public servlco" schemes, glvo It
NEW TAX COMMISSION
Govomor Lowdon appointed Col.
Joseph li. S.anborn of Chicago, Frank
F. Noloman of Centralla, and C. C
Craig of aalonburg mombors of tho
now tax commission, which took of
feet July 1.
fl. 19 1J).
Lincoln Park Fast Going to Ruin
Account of Being Turned Over
to Auto Bums
Baseball Playing Prohibited on Sundays and Song
birds Driven From Park to Please
To sny that tho pcoplo of Chicago
are Indignant at the manner In which
dead-beat nutomobllists lord It ovor
Lincoln Park Is to put It too mildly.
A woman who takes flvo children
to the park nowadays Is lucky If sho
brings three of them out of It nllvo.
Tho best part of Lincoln Park Is
On the Dread and
given over to tho Irresponsible auto
gang to do as thoy pleaso with It.
Tho main attractions of tho park
llko tho zoo, bird houso mid aquarium
uio on nn island so to speak, which
Island Is surrounded by raging
stieams of spcody autog.
Tho formor plcasuro resort Is
crossed at frequont points by noisy
autos filled with bums and bumesses.
Songbirds no longor frcquont tho
Tho only wild birds seen thero now
nro crow black birds, sparrows and a
Tho smell of gasoline on tho auto
drlvoways; tho maudlin shrloks of
tho autoists and tho honks of tho
autos havo driven all of tho foathorcd
songsters that onca frequented tho
Exploding tiros innko tho drlvos
Fourths of July all tho year around.
And then tho nuto peoplo often flro
rovolvors at each other,
Ono day recontly thero was a loud
Entered at Seeand Class M titer October 11, ISM, at Mm Pu
Office at Chlcaoo, Illinois, under Act tf Mareti t, Hn.
explosion on one of tho west drives.
Startled peoplo asked what It was.
"Oh, nothing," said a pork hunger
on. "Only an Edgewntor pimp shoot
ing at his woman for not giving him
Thoro nro eight baseball diamonds
In Lincoln Paik.
They are located at tho southeast
end of the park, whore they Inter
fered with nobody nnd gavo plcasuro
Now, to pleaso tho nuto riders, baso
ball playing Is forbidden In tho pari:
Think of that!
And then talk about blue laws.
Thousands of pcoplo used to visit
Lincoln Park on Sundays to watch tho
Thousands of worklngmen who,
with the saloons cloned, hnd no othor
place to go.
rnhupplly, to reach tho ball fields
they were obliged to cross tho rotten
gasoline auto drlvoways.
This forced tho maudlin and crazy
nutolsts to slacken their pace.
They never slackened It for women
and chlldi en.
Hut they loaied to kill or malm too
many baseball fans.
It might bo dangerous.
So they appealed to tho Pail:
And tho Paik Hoard closed tho
baseball field on Sundays and gnvo
tho auto muuloiors full swing.
Now tho baseball field Is llko a cent
etory on Sunday and the autoists aro
tilling other cemeteries at their own
Automobiles should bo ruled out of
Lincoln Park except on tho eastern
outside or lake shore drives.
Thoy Hhould net bo permitted on
nnv of the west or Insldo driveways of
Thoy aro a positive menace to the
lives and limbs of hundreds of thou
sands of men, women and chlldi en
who seek tho park for rest or plcasuro-
It Is almost impossible for a pedes
trian to cross any ot the west drive
ways without endangering his life.
Tho class of autoists who ficqucut
tho insldo and wost drives of Lincoln
Park act us if thej were Hoeing from
creditors, tho police or someone oUe
Judging from the speed with which
Thoy ton lf visitor, mako It diffi
cult for thorn to cross tho drlvos and
often maim, lnjuio and insult tho pub
He whllo In a maudlin condition.
To ruin Lincoln Park to gratify this
class of oi mln would be n slmme.
It would bo hotter to shut all autos
out of the park than to have this groat
pleasure ground destroved
Tho class of auto "owners" who fro
quont the wont dries all act as If thoy
wcio afraid of the polite, who nio re
markably fow In number In that pint
of tho park but who nro nunioioua
enough on tho Inko shore roads.
Tho offending autoists aro inndo up
Pickpockets who Hvo "up north,"
Itoad Houso Itoumlurs,
Plied former policemen,
And chronic doadbeats.
For that mnltor fifty por cont of the
nuto herd aro doadbeats who owo for
Who pay no taxes and Hvo llko
cooties on overybodj thc can dino
It Is high tlmo tho Lincoln Park
AVIIOLi: M M1U2K 1550
commissioners woku up to tho fact
that the park is for all tho peoplo nnd
not for a gang of nutorldlng degener
ates to destroy at will.
HANG THEM HIGH
Men Who Seek to Betray the
People Should Be Punished
The enemies of the peoplo aro nl
ready reaching out to control tho
coming constitutional convention.
This settles tho now constitution.
The pcoplo will not stand for Trust
Domination of tho basic law of tho
The trust bm one absolutely con
trilled the legislature at Its lato ses
sion. They wore bold.
They passed laws permitting tho
And Garden Trust
To ralio prices on tho public and
'form any sort ot a trust that they
liked without any dungor of prosecu
tion. Talk about high handed measures!
How Is that for high?
The public generally Is Indignant,
but, us one of tho bosses said:
What are you going to do about It?
Tho new const Hut Ion Is going to bo
framed by the Trust tiling
And don't ou toruet It
Thov an making piop.ir.itlonn now
to do the joli
REYNOLDS RAISES BANK
(ieoiL-e .l 1 1 , nolds, president ot
tho Continental & Commercial Na
tional IliiuK, nniiouiii'e,! that IiIh In
Mltutlnii and its associated cot porn
ilon, tin- Continental - Conitueiciul
Trust it Savings Hank, havo oted
to grant a lo er cent bonus to em
ployes who havo been working for
either company since Jan. 1, l'Jl'i.
Thoso who have become employes
hlneo Jan. 1 will be grunted smaller
Mr. Reynolds said he bolleved bo
nuses or some nhate of the profits
In Industry will k op th, fiimlllis of
workers happier and moro content
od and that mil 1. polii y wiii tho most
elfeelUe ilign.nd against Pol
M.WIIALEN BACK FROM
HIS HONEYMOON TRIP
Julian M Wliali ll, tin pul lui
Cooli couiitv ehll si'inw Commi).
Mlouor, is .ii.ek fimn his honeymoon
Mi. Whnlou was married June II to
MIkk Florence V Coyne, daughter of
D. J. Cojue, tho well known Sou'h
Water stieet coniiiilssion mei chant
Tho liuppy couple Isltod Niagara
Falls, Atlantic City, Long llrancb Now
Yoik City and othor eastern points
of Intorost, and returned after a most
enJoablo tour to receive tho congrat
ulations and good w lilies of their
many fi lends
Patrick A. Nash Is making a great
recoul on the Donid of Review
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People of Influence and Standing