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Richmond planet. (Richmond, Va.) 1883-1938, January 27, 1900, Image 1

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VOK XVII, NO. 7,
RICHMOND, VIRGINIA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 27, 1900
PRICE 5 CENTS
MORE NEWS FROM
THE PHILIPPINES.
A THBILLING EXPERIENCE.
Colored Boy's Capture?Well
Treated by Filipinos.
Acuinaldo's Message-Work on the Firing Line.
B-MBSB, Lczok, P. I.,Nov. 8/09.
Dear Editor:
Tbe week has been quite newsy.
We have been buming up refnse whieh
is quite abundant and the town is now
in gcod eondition. We had ?o eoo
struet erematories by digging bolea
10x12x6 deep, and lay raila across
buildiog the fires underneath and
throwing tbe dirt on the raiis. In thia
wav we burned up eonaiderable rub
biah. At thia point.it would be wise
for me to deaeribs the aituation aa
much aa our space will allow. The j
trains run from Manila to a. point
about 3 milei beyond Angeles and is
indieated by a cross on the msp. The
supplies brought by trains are here I
loaded on carraboa esrts and eacort
wagons. The latter also brings the'
mail. and is brought bere to Bamban
where the railroad begins aad is seat
?p toDsgupsn and other upper points.
South Bamban is quite an important
plaee. The railroad is good to within
a mile of the Bamban river but to the
good wagon road the lower point
above mentioned ia uaed.
thb aosBB or thb w:ld ridb.
It was on this trail that the wild ride
took plaee, ss described in the Maniia
Tribune of November 27. 1899. By De
cember 15th, the Bsmban river bridge
will be tinished snd through line of
trsin servioe between Manila and Deg
upan will be in vogue. Erory day
erowds of Bpsnish priaonera are load
ed into escort wagons and hsuled over
this route. Yesterdsy Senora Agui
naido, mother of the famous insurgent
and his infant son arrived and wa*
forwarded to Manila via the samt
route under strong gusrd.
AM IMTBBB8T1HQ STORY.
To day I obtained an interview with
Georgs Graham, a ooiored lad who was
captured last July by the Insurgent*
and who over his oan sigaature telU
the followng story for the P__hbt
and its res?Ura. My name is George
Graham I was born in Atlanta. Ga.,
16 yeara ?*o and remained at home
nntil I w#_ twelve years old, when s
desire to see the world aeized me. 8o
one night I rsn off and oompleted the
ah-euit of aeveral Georgia towna in
elnding Augusta and Savannah. I re
turneu home mueh pleased with my
aueceaa I remained but a ahort time
when 1 set out again visiting the South
going a* fsr ss New Orleans. So, in
this msnner I went and came until af?
ter tne Sp^nish-Ameriesn war had
come to a head in Guba. I read in the
papera that the Infantry regimente
would rest up and aoon set out for the
Philippines. So, I concluded thia w?b
my ehance.
J0IHBD THB ABMY.
Iatruekout one nijtht in April and
made my way to 8t. Loui_ and joined
Company I, Sixt> enth Infantry at Jef
ferson Barracks as Masoot. 1 beoame
well sstiafled with _ay role and was
rery pleased when on May 20th our
regiment left for Ssn Frsneisco en
route to Manils. We arrived 8an
Franeiseo on May 18th and on the 24th
sailed on the trnnsport Grant for Ma
nila. I never got lonesome until next
morning when the big transport had
gotten out of aight of land, but the
other fellows were all jolly and in a
few daya we arrived at Honolulu. We
atayed hare three daya and had a flne
time. We left Honolulu on June 2nd
and had flne weather all the way to
Manila where we arrived June 23rd
We landed on June 25th and took sta
tion on the line from Calooean to De
poaito. Our company "I," waa etation
ed at Galoocan with the Regimental
headquarters. We remained hera un?
til August 8rd, when we were relieved
by the 25th Infantry, and took station
at Ean Fernando.
0_PTC_BD BT F1LIPIKOS.
In our regimena the 16th, we maa
eota are trested the same aa the aol
diers. On July 26th, a week before we
were relieved I got a two days' pasa to
San Fernando bat unluekily I atayed
there ao as my pasa waa for only too
I waa put off the train at a point be?
tween Apist and Calumpit I started to
walk to Calumpit when I was suddenly
ooafronted by about flfty insurgents
who immediately surrounded me and
without eeremony marched me to a
point about eight hundred yarda from
tha railroad where I wae placed in a
nipa shaek and to my aurpriae I heard
some one hail me in Eogliah, upon
arther aearch I discovered ths En
fliah ipeaking gents to be aoldiora
I
from the 3rd U. B. Infantry who hsd
been tsken prieoners a short time be?
fore. Iu this aha*k we remained eight
daya eating one meal of ohieken snd
rioe per day, snd help within two
thousand yarda, but pnwerless to sutn
mon it. Our guard tinally marchel
us by the roundabout way to I'uyler
where the inaurgenta had ssversl rinan
iah priaonera.
FKISOSKBJOr WAB.
The American priaonera now number
ed twenty-two and to show ua that
they meant to treat ua aa priaoneri of
war, we were sonfined in the resi?
denee ofan inaurgent msjor our bed
ding conaia-ing of bamboo bunka snd
atraw. We remained here eight days,
snd moved to Tsrlse. We were plaopd
in a olean nipa shaok and guarded by
Aguinaldo'a orack regimants whieh he
keepa with him all the time. We haa
been here two dsya when Aguinsldo
came down on a tour of inapeetiou, ao
sompsnied by hia stsff. He ia a little
man about 5 feet 6 ioohes and weighs
probably 135 lba. He haa a high pom
psdour and is ususlly clean shsven.he
apeaka jrool Engliab snd informed u?
thst if we were. not trested right to in
form him and he would see that we
were. Foriunately we never hsd sn oc
oasion to kick aa we were treated flne
We boarded at a nstive reataurant. For
breakfaat we alwsya had coffee a"d
paun, fpr dinner rioe, earga and chick
cn ; tor aupper aauasgt*, flah, eggs snd
ateak.
Aguinsldo lived in flne atyle, aa weli
aa several offioera. He had with him
his parents, wife and infant sun who
waa born while we were there. At ita
birth, we reoeived $5 20 tapiece, Mex
ica and there waa general rejoicing in
Tarlac, ofton he would aend for ui to
dsnoe and when we were through he
would give ua either a bottle of bruno
or wine whieh we sccepted aa a mat?
ter of form not besauae we cared for
either.
A PBOM1SB Or RBLBABE.
a
About Septembsr 2nd, we were in?
formed by a Oolonel that we were
to be releaaed aa soon aa word could
be reoeived from Gen. Otia about tbe
Peace Oommiaaionera aent by Agui
naldo. On September 7(h, we atarted
for Angelee, but atoppad at Bamban
owieg to a hitch in the proceedings.
Thia waa then the home of Gen. Mc
Abinluugh, now of the 25tb Infantry.
The inaurgenta had 1 gattHng, 1 rap
id flre. 2 four-inch snd 2 three-iaoh
guna, whieh were the best they hsd.
Aa thia, Bamban, wss their mainatsy.
they had fortifled it to the best oi
their means.
Word came at lsst thst General Otia
would reeeive the Filipino Oemniia
aionera snd we reaumed our jonrney
to Angelee, at whieh place we arrired
three daya later. Before going into
the American linea Gen. Alezsndrino
gave hia inetruetiona to Ma j, Orta, hia
interperter, and the later turned to ua,
giving ua $3 60 in Mexican, $1.75 in
American. He aaid:
"You men are about to go baek to
your people and 1 want you to aay we
treated you riaht, whieh you all know
ia the truth. You people have always
treated ua the aame way and we want
to show that we sre eonaoioua that
everything ia not fair in war. 8o go
in peace and never take up arma
againat tha Filipino again."
The Filipino trumpeter blew hia
trumpet to attraet attention and dis
played his white tUg, whieh waa toon
anawered by the Americans coming to
nxeet ua. We were met by Capt. John?
aon of the 18th Infantry and a detail.
who eeoorted ua into Angelee.
A great orowd had oolleoted and
many ~ 3re the weloomea extended ua
QLAD TO GBT BACK.
For my part, i wsa glad once more
to bs among frienda. For the Filipi
noa, I have nothing but praiae for the
manuer in whieh they treated ui. I
went from Angelea to Manils, paiaing
over the acene of my cspture. InMa
nila, I bade Gen. Alejsndrino good
bye. I went up to La Loma, where I
joined my father, who ia a oook in
Company B, 25th Infantry. I think I
have seen enough of tha world and
when this war ia over, I will be old
enough to enliat in th* army, provided
they are aettled down.
Gbobob Gbahab.
Graham ia of medium heightand
weight and like the average boy, who
haa traveled exteniiv?ly, very intelli
gent. I have been three dsya trying
to get the story and flnaUy oollired
him this erening when he brought eup
per to the guardhouse.
Ribkzi B. Lsaus,
Pvt. Oo. K. 25th InCt.
Bamban, P. I.
BOTB8.
Serg't George 8. Thompaon, band oi
25.h Infantry waa reeently promoted
to lat Sergeant of acouta, took aixteen
men on a reconnoitering expedition
to the mountaina fester
dsy morning. They went about
three miles inland He reporta being
flrt-d upon by the Igorrotea.who uae the
bow and srrow as their stsndsrd
weapon. They frightened th^m how
ever and set on flre a nipa shack.con
taining ammunition.
Gompanies F, H and M are prepar
ing to go to the mountaina oa a five
dars expedition under Capt. J. P.
O'Neil. Tf they be as sueeessful aa we
were, I gueas it will atand unequalled
Bamban. P. I., December.
Editor, Richmond PfcANB**,
Richmond, Va.,
Sir:?I would like you to publish the
following aa a favcr to the Ameriean
aoldier:
ihp tranaport Pennsylvanis with the
89th Infantry on board arrived in tbe
harbor rhuradav. Rhe alao brought a
detaehment of the 25tb Infantry, who
tella tale of their experienee, whieh.
if it ia true, will show up tome of the
89th ofiSners guil'y of conduot unbe
coming offi ?prs and gentlemen. Tbey
aay the trouble originated when the
big trantport wss nearing Honolulu.
One of them went on deok to secure
water from the tank when he was in
formed that the water was not for
"'nggera," and they wouldn't be al
lt. ed to drink.
APFBALBD TO OPriORBB.
The aoldier re'uaed, appealed to the
offlotrs who ordered the guards to give
them water in a manaer whieh clearly
indieated their approval of the guard'a
aotion. The tranaport arrived in Hon?
olulu and they had begun to think that
the trouble waa over owing to the lib
erty allowed, but thia hope aoon *hat
tered for on the flrBt night in Honolu?
lu, amembarof the detachment waa
ahot by a aentry whila in a semi drunk
en eondition, apparently without ne
oeesity.
The matter was reported boweror
and the sentry appointed cornoral, pre
? umably for the aet. The tranaport
ssiled from Honolulu and the trouble
kept up the prlnoipsl being clled s
"nigger."
MOBB TBOUBLE.
Pt. Oh*pp?lle aent from Go.G,25th to
Go. B, was sitting on the hatch, hn waa
ordered by a aentry to get down. Upon
being informed that he waa ordered to
ait there the aentry said you, blaok a?
of a b- get down. Ohappelle in?
formed him that he waa another a
of a b-; and he waa placed under
arreat. Lieut. Gobb. Go. E . 39th, In?
fantry. Summonary Oourt Offlner. be?
fore whom Ohappelle waa tried flned
him $10.00, informing him that he
didn't like "niagers" nohow. A _ieu
tenaat in tbe 18th Infantry, who waa
alao a paasenger on board, informed ns
tbat auoh was contrary to military dia
cipline and the flne was cut to five
dollars. All of theae actiona were ap
proved by the Golonel.
don't likb thb bboulabs.
The principsl trouble waa that the
volunteera didn't like the regulara.and
vioe veraa. Tbe treatment aocorded
the 25th, ia aorely regretted by Ool.
Boot beoause any aoldier, Beguiar or
Yolunteer, white or blaok, who ia un?
der hia oommand and proteotion, will
be proteeted even if he loaea one man
in the attempt and if any one under
hia eommand waa ahot, the Sentry
would be placed under arreat and not
appointed Oorporal.
Such treatment frem psopie, and all
leaving home to fight under the same
flsg will osuae aerioua trouble by pro
longing the war, and makirg our ene
my'a hope; a divided army, the Yolun?
teer and Regular.
Soldibb.
Bambab, P. L, Deo. 8,1899.
Dear Editor:
The week haa bean fairly lively,
aa well aa dereloping a very large aick
report. About 15% of the garriaon
being indisposei. Dobi itoh ia the
leading ailment with malaria forming
a htrong baek ground. The boya are
being well eared for by the hoapital
eorpa whioh ia doing a noble work with
the aaaiatanoe of tbe Red Oroaa.
Laat Sunday Companiej F, I, H and
M, oomposing the 1st Battalion under
eommand of Oapt. O'Neill left for parta
unknowB, preaumably the weat ooast
of the islaad, south of Dagupan. They
oarried their rationa by meana of a
pack train whioh oonaiated of the 24
poniea captured at O'Donnell and
about 200 Filipinoa and Chinamen. The
oolumn preaented quite an interesting
speetaele with ita unique mode of
trausportstion. Men who were pros
trated by the heat and dobie itch re
turned aaying they left the eolumn at
O'Donnell, the plsoe of our eapture on
Not. 18th. So by thia time they must
be well into the mouotama. They will
be joined by Bell and hia flghting 36th,
and what thoae two flghting oommaads
will do will be a plenty,
Rev. T. G. Steward, our Chsplain ar?
rived laat week. Ha waa little poorly
from hia trip, but haa almoat recover
ed. The boya were glad to weleome
him aa his literary work ia _ rare treat
and hia preaenoe ia . :oh enjoyed after
an extended abaenoe.
Sergt. Walker MoGuidy Co. B, 25th
In!t., haa been appointed ?orwarding
agent here He it tbe right man in the
right place.
The Imperial Qiartette sbly enter
tained a psrty from thu 86th, assistrd
by Mr. William Alciander, our eomio
enteriainer.
Our cummiaeary ia st present in
eharge of Commieaary N?*rgt. D. P.
Green, owing to tfee aba-n^e of Lieut.
R. J. Burf. cur oommiasary L'ffieer with
the 1st Battalion.
Ribszi B. Liatua.
TWO MUBDF.BEK8 AEE LYflOHED.
Tsken by a Mob from the JmI at Fort
Ecott. Ean-, and Eacged
Fobt Pcott. Kak., Jao. 21.?George
rilheeand Ed Meeka. hslf-bri.thera,
were lynshed by a mob in the county -
jsil yard here lsst nighc The two
men, who hailed from Ksnaas Oity.
had been oonvicted of murder io the
flrat degree esrly in the week, their
victirn being a voung German farmer.
named L?opeld Edlinger, whoae mur?
der occtirred near thia oity iu Ootober
last. The murderers disposed of Kd
linger'a pair of mules. one horse and a
wsgon in Batea codnty. Am-t? Phil
lips an aecomplic? of she vwo brothera
wss conviv*.ted Fnday of murder in the
flr*.t degree
Georee SJilbre. the older of the two
brothera, defled his osptora until tbe
last. He plaoed the mx.se sround hie
own neck and died earairg the crowd.
He alao eslled to his brorhers, with sn
oatb, and eommaiidnd him to "die
game." Before this 8ilb*?e had ghout
ed to the mob io dt>fianr, tones that he
himself shot Edlinger. and that Amos
Phillipa atruok him on the hesd with
sn az. He insiated thst hia brother,
Ed did not participate in the orioac.
Ed Meess wss tqually fearlesa in tbe
hsnds of the m?,b, but he did not msn
ifest the spirit of bravado shown by
his brother. His lsat worda were:
"Hang me if you will, but I did not
help kill Edlinger. George shot him
and Phillipa atruck him with an az. I
did-*?"
The doomed man got n faather in
hia atatemmt, and iu a moment he
waa atrangling to desth.
The leedera of ths mob then went
baek to the jsil in sesreh of old msn
Phillipa. In the meantime tbe jail
keepera hsd aecreted him, and whan
tha Ixnchera c*me bsck they were told
that Phillipa hsd been hurried away.
After a brief search the lynohers steai
ed sstiafled with thia ezplauation and
left the soene.
I'h* direct osuae o* the lyr ehina w*?
a vieioua attack i y Silbee and Meeka
upon Oeputy Sheriff Behmer. who wss
felled by Siibee with an ir.in bar whieh
the prisoner had aecreted. O her dep
utiea came to Bahmer'a reaoue, and in
the acrimniage flred saveral shot* a:
the oonviots. One bullet took tffeot
in ttilbee'a leg
The bodiea atill lie st the morgu*,
thehsndaand lega shackled aa they
were when the tnrn were taken from
their oella by the mob George Meeka'
wife haa wired from Pueblo, Uol., that
she ia commg to clsim the body of.her
husband, and Ei'a widow telegrsphed
r jm Kanaaa Oity thst the remaina of
both men would be taken ta thst eity
for barisl. The csroaer will hold an
inquest to-morrow.
A Great Day attha Fifih Bt. Baptiat
Churoh.
To morrow at the Fifth 8t. Bsptist
Ohureh the people of Riehnaond will
have an opportunity of hearing aome
able presching from able men.
At 11:80 A. M . Rev. Prof. J. D.
Ooleman by apeeial request of the
pastor and the churoh will repeat hia
fsmoua sermon on ' The VioariouB
Atonement." Those who fail to hear
thia aermon will miaa a glorioua ep
portnnity.
At 3 P, M., the flrat communion of
the year; all the members are ezpeot
ed to be present on time and take a
part in the genersl eovensnt meeting.
At 8:00 P. M, come early to get
aeata, for the diatinguiahed pulpit ora
tor, Dr, G. W. Bryant will preaoh on
the subjeet "A Wheel in a Wheel."
Let all be on time. The ohoir has
made apecial arrangemant to furnish
ehoioe muaio morning and evening.
K OF P. REDNION.
The Kniglits of Pythias and
Courts of Calanthe to
Have a Great Meet?
ing.
On Monday evening next the Kaigbta
of Pythias and Oourta of Oalanthe will
have a Grand Reunion at Priee's Hall
at 8:80 o'eloek. An excellent progrsm
has been prepsred. whioh embraeea
excellent addteaaea, vocal and inatru
mental musie, eto. The auditorium
aad parlora have been engaged, in
oluding the dining hall.
The admiaaion fee ia only a hearty
weleome. The Knighta of Pythias and
Oourta of Calanthe will be preaeat
with their inaignia of memberahia.
All of the juriadiction are weloorae.
? ?? * S>i i
-Rev. Sam'l Lamas has reaigned
the paatorate of the Pilgrim Bsptist
Ohureh.
"JiM OROW SEPAftATS UOAOHE8.
[Bt _mo*.]
TheFrderal Uonstttutiun of there
United States wac e stablinhed "to ea
tablisb justice, insure domestio tran
quility, promote general weifare, and
Becure the bKssinga of liberty," etc.
The propoaed "Jim Trow" bill- now
before the General Aasembly of Vir?
ginia to be enacted into a law that col?
ored person* shall ride ii separate
oaehe* over the railr >ads of this stafe
is certsinly eontrary to the law and
spirit of said Consti'uticn
Justice, is the quslity of being jugv,
or ressonable, impartislity, righteou*
nese, giving to every man exaoily
what he des?rves.
Whst jusiiee is there in putting rail
roadsto an expense in furniabing sep?
arate coachea for peraona of eolor to
ride ii? Ia there promition to the
general welfare of ths ntate when strife
is engendered. a rao-? war proclairned.
one rsce publicly degraded by another
rsce;one race proolaiming itself to be
by nature suptrior, the other race bo
iuteiior by nature that it is soarcely
rraobed by ?he r*ya of hesvenly light?
Why hural 1-, aubjugate, oppress a
person becauae of eolor? Oan the
Egyptian change his eolor: or aa leop
ard, hi* t>pots?
A sepsrate coach for a peraon of eol?
or iudioatea that they can change their
coior, and if they do not want to be
degraded becauae cf their oolor, then
chaiige their eolor that th-y may rida
ia the coachea Tor white p-riple.*
A s~iarate coach for white peopl*
indiustea r.hat there ia lomethirg in
them b?low psr, and tbat they are not
good enough to ride with black folks ;
and if they want to be with them ihey
must change their eolor What ira
pariitlity is there in discriminaiing
agsinst a man on aceount of race, eol?
or, or previoua eondition of aervitude?
A PBC-L.IAB CONOlTION.
A perton of oolor, trained in Virgin
ia'a publie aohools, raised in a flrat
family of Virginia, flniahed hia tdu <a
tion in one of the hig.est sohools of
the land, haa an induatrisl eduaation,
is noted for piety, is not s Koberts.
but ig respect?id by all, is foroed into _
sepsrate coach, although he may be a
atook-hulder in the road, and a regular
tsx payer, giving no trouble to a de
lii quent tsx oolleotor ; while a white
person who hss none of the said qusli
flostims, yea, in social * quslity u not
reiogn _e.d by the patrons of the inll,
yet he la not deuradt-d by being plae?i1
into s separate coach b?cau<e of hi*
txterior. Ia .u -h impartiality? Does
not sucii engender bi.tern.sa, atrife,
revenge?
The imtriean Negro of to-day does
not ss tamely submit 'to the oppres
sor'a wronKS snd the proud man'* cm
tumelv," a* he did in years past. The
hutcheries and damnable atr >citiea in
ll.cted upon aome of our people is
done to put out the flrea of manhood
kindling in the bosom of many. and >o
oaet sn intimidation, a rear ever them.
thst they will not strike baek. Such
will svail nothing. You might as well
endesvor to auppreaa the eruption of
Vesuvius as to attempt toquench the
spirit of manlines* and revenge Of
wronga brooding in the blaok man'g
poeom.
1M VIOLATlOB or THB LAW.
The propoaed "Jim Orow law" ia in
violstion of the spirit of the XVth
Amendment. While in letter it msy
spply solely to suffrage, but in spirit it
probibits diseriminationa, making a
distinotion, treating unequally, un
fairly on aooount of race, oolor, or
previoua eondition of aervitude. Eve?
ry lawyer, whether he pleads in the
Court of Appeala or not, not prejudio
ed, bissed, against the black man seea
olearly that the said Jim Grow bill ia
oontrary to the spirit of tbe XVth
Amendmert. Every philanthropist
within and without the General As
aembly, who beiieves in tha Father
hood of Goa and the brotherhood of
man, seea olearly that it ia against the
great objecc and obleota for whioh tbe
Federal Gonatitution and the Constitu
tion of Virginia were adopted.
What fairness ia there in aome white
men, becauae they do not want a ooi?
ored man to ride in the aame oosch
with them, to enaot. that railroad*
must goto tbe expense of preparing
sepsrate ooaohea for persona of eolor
to ride in? Sepsrate ooaohea demand
separate stations, or waiting rooma,
and extra employeea, with the same
propriety, millionarea, men of wealtb,
learning and high in offlee may de?
mand the Jefferson and other hotel a
to prepare aeparate dining rooma _ole
ly for their uae and no othera. Sueh
ia respeot ef persona?he that hath re
apact of peraona oominitteth ain.
SHOULD INOBBASB THB BATB8.
If legislatora will esuse rsilroada, be
cause of their foolishoeas, in colorpho
bia, prejudioe and reapact of persona.
to inour unneoeaaary expenaea, then
tbe said railroada ought to advan.e
their paaaenger and freight trafflc to
meet the expenaea, or they be given a
draft on the atate treaaury.
If after a railroad haa given % legie
lator or a newapaper man a free pasa.
travela free over the road, then they
put the railroad to a fooliah expense
?_ ?'.'/??? C-ow ear," then the railroad
ahould take the pasa from them and
let them pay their way aa other men.
The aame with a alezgyman, who haa
a olenoal permit. if he aida and abeta
the unneoeaaary expenae, take hia per?
mit from him. Railroad*, aa othera,
hava righta to be reape.tad. Many
[?ONTINTJED ON E1QHTH PAGE J
WHITE COUNTRYMAN'SPLEA.
Against The Separate Car Bill.
THE DISPATCH CONFOUNDED.
Against Raee Prejudice.
The followingsommunioation appear
ed in the Kichruond Diapatoh of TataTr
dsy, January 231. and white we do not
agree with all that ia aaid the vilal
pointa under discuasion are all right.
To tht Editor of the Di?p*.tnh:
I live in the Blsck Belt of Virginia,
where the blaeka outnumb^r the whi:ea
Stol. My famiiy use tha station and
the traing to Riehmond fr--que.ntly. al.
all aeasona. snd by day snd by night
The blscka us* the ticket offioi, tbe
waitlng-roum, snd the trait>s inrfj*
oriminately, snd I hsve nevar aeen ill
minnt-r-*, nor heard foul l*nguagg, n?r
smeikd bad auielis, from any of them.
at any time. T have mad* asru-Jy of
the Hegro qu?ation. snd I ooticlu Io
ttat our Virginia Negroea are far more
civiiz'd snd sdvanced tlisn those of
the GulfSistes.
DirrSBKNT KINUS.
But in Virginia we have sev?rsl dif
ferent rscea sud tr.be* of Negroea
There is a fsmilv of bia<*ks ? b'ue
blaikri?here. The m??n are over 6 f>oti
(sometime* 6 feet 4 inchea, or 6 feet 8 '
inohe?).and sre industrious. latelli
g*nt and thrifty. They are acquiring
property, and tleyourg onea sil read,
write, snd oypher. They are good citi
z?na and loysl ftiends, and are valus
bl* to the State. Aa->th?r rsoe ia aop
per eolored, of amaller pbyiique, snd
hsve not sa good blood sa the pure
b'acka When it ia recollected l hst the
alsves of Vii gir.is were drawn from the
mouth to the aource of the Nig~r, from
the lowlanda of the Guinea soaat to
the mountaina of Central A.fricx, it will
be uuderatooi thst there m iv be aa
much variation b?t>veen the Xegro of
the lakea and the Negro ot fehe o >*at as
there ia between the 8ti ta an 1 Ce'.t
Ol the British Ialea and tho JLatin of
Rome, or Naplea.
THAT COBPIaL KBLIT1 JN: HIP.
Partly because of the rsoe, and main
ly because of the horae-aenae of the
Virgiciana, the relationa between them
hsve always been oordial, and thia i,
stregthened by the aocial relationa ex
ieting. They are domeatio aervsnts.
They are truated with our bsbiea, our
children, our wiveaaod our property
ai.d it ia of the rarest oceurrenoe thst
our eonfldence ia miaplaoed. They
atand with ua l!kj children. ai.d ve do
our dutv by them like children. Look
ing to tbe future, aud mainly to the
oomfort, proaperity, aad happineaa of
the maater rsoe, it seema to me tha
thia relatioa of eonfldence and sffec
tion ought to be atrengthened and en
ooursged. Aa time goes on in the
flerce atruggle for aurvivorahip th
weakost goe.s to the wall. The righ1
snd Jtasties of it may ba obaoure; the
fsot is plsin. It ia appearing now in
the Philiopinea, in the Tranavaal.iu In
dia, in Ohina,
MU8T IMl'KJVK OPPOBTCNITIBS.
The ioexorsble law is that who d^es
not improve the opportunitiea of life
the go>d God haa given him muat be
puahed aaide, and thoae opportunitiea
given to thoae who will. The mills of
the goda grind slowiy?but they grind
exceedingly flne; and it aeems a8 if all
the eolored rscaa were, ia time, to be
obliterated.
With theaertrflaetiona in our heart*
it aeema the part of wisdom and of
Ghriatianity that we ahould oultivate
kindlv relationa with inferiora The
marked deoadenoe of the younger gen
eration ia olearly due to the deeline of
psrental diacipline among them, and
thia follows from the conatsntly-widen
>nK gap batween the raoea. Under the
old eonditiona the aervants were in
oonatant oontsot with maatera and mia
tresaea. The domestio diaeipline of
the houae aad of the plsnation tsught
them morala and mannera, and
wrought, beyond doubt, great improve
ment in them.
Therefore, looking to the future of
Virginia, iti peaoe, order, and happi
neas, it aeema to me relationa ought
to be more intimate, and kindly feel
ings eultivsted.
A Negro presoher aaya to me: "Ose
of the atrongeat influeneea smong my
people, and the one whieh ia of the
greateat azaiatanee to me in my work,
is the eloae intimaey between aervants
and mastera and miatreaaes." I ain
eerely believe it ia the .most oivilizing
foroe now operating,
HUSTS THBIB SBNBIBILIT1B8.
Ths propoaition to provide lepsrata
eara on tbe railroads hurts their senai
bilitiea. It ii the offlcial deolarstion
of theState that they are unflt to aa
aooiate with whites. Thia deolarstion
ia abaurd whou we do assooiate with
thera every day of our lives, and it wilfr
be a aa i day for both raeea when the
inferior o'<e ia driven by aooisl ostra
cisru to eollect _in saparste communi
ties.
This is a different qu?stion from that
of mixed sohoole Ohildren mix to?
gether at horaes in the moat fnendly
ruanner. but there tb*y are alwava un?
der the eye of their parenta. At aohool
itiaentire-y different. The eonstant
psrenta! ?upervi*i<?n is absent, aad it
is, uad )ub eaiy. beat to hava them ia
sepsrate eehcols.
A CONaTAKT INSULT.
But the "Jim Crow" oar is a eonstant
insult to them They feel it, and re
s-iit it bitt-rly. If there is s publie
neca?sity it ought to be provided, but
it eure'y is un vise to hurt the feelings
of so Jarge a portion of our eitiz *nship>
Take all pos-ible steps to iimit Negro
suffrage. Th~v will gladly welsome a
franohise b*s?J on intelligenae, educa
tion, charaoter. and property.
They kuow that will be just and
right. Vest polioe powers in oonduo
tor* and brakem n on the railroad*. It
would aeem that such aetion would
op-rate only on offendera againat or?
der aud d-c-nev oa train*. ani it
ought to b. sufficient for the _bjeot in
view; butsurely it wouid be unwise to
widsn the sooial division existing ia
Virginia.
HAPPT AAID PBACBABLB TOOBTHBB.
Here we hsve never had Jim Crow
car*. and we are happy and p-aeeable
together. Further south Jim Orow
oar* are the rul-\ and Negro riois. die
aontent, and unhsp^iaes* generally
picvail.
These aug?eationa sre made with th&
aole objeot of promjtink! the harmony
and happinesa of society in Virginia.
It ia now the most orderly, the most
God-iovni*, the most lsw-abidiag, ao?
eiety in tne world. I he?>_ n.ver to aee
auoh eondition* disturbed.
A OoUtf.BYHAH.
January 19. 190".
?-w i _i
$150 PAIL.
Dabvillb, Va., Jan. _0,1900.
This is to oertify that I have receiv?
ed from John Mitchell, Jr., Grand
Ohaneellor of the Grand Lodge of Vir?
ginia, One Hundred and FHty Dollara,
($160 00) ia payment of the death
claim of my husband, 8ir Robt. Heard,
who waa a member of Romaa Esgle
Lodge, No. 18, Knights of Pythias. N.
A..S. A,E. A,A. andA.
Signed:
Maa. Lillib Bbll Bbahd.
Witneaaea:
H. S. Keen,
Langston Lee,
L. W. Holbrook, C. O.,
W. A. Millner, D. D. G.CT.,
John A. Howard.
$100 PAID.
Richmond, Va., Jan. 18, 1900.
This ia to eertify thst I have receiv?
ed from John Mitchell, Jr, Grand
Worthy Gounaellor of the Urand Court
af Virginia, One Hundred Dollara
^$100.00) in payment of tbe death
claim of my wife, Laura Taylor, who
waa a menioer of Unity Court, No. 182
Independent Order of Calanthe, N, __.?*
8. A., E., A., A. andA.
Signed:
Witneaaea: Chai. T. Ta.lobu
Pearl Waddell.
J. W. Robinaoa,
M. F. Browa.
?150.00 PAID.
Richmond, Va., Jsnuary 24, 1900.
This is to oertify that I have reoeiv
ed from John Mitchell, Jr., Grand
thanoellor of the Grand Lodge of Vir?
ginia, One Hnndred and Fifty Dollars
(?160.00) ia payment of the death
claim of Sir A. D. Graham, who waa a
member of Manoheater Lodge. No. 11
Knighta of Pythiaa, N, A., 3. A, E.. a1
A. and A.
Signed,
R. R. Gbabam.
Witneaaea:
a * J_ ?? Blaok well, Cyrat Jonei, Ran
dolph Graham.
. ?Z-Ut*' r- Qambol Harria, 900 N.
let St., has been oonllned to her resi
denoe on aoeount of aiokneaa for three
weeka. She ia at thia writing improv
jng under the treatment of Dr, Joho
Meriiyeather.

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