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C_. XVII, NO. 8,
KICHMOND, VIRGINIA, SATURDAY. FERRUARY 3, 1900
PRICE 5 CENTS
A WHITE LADY
Senator Morgan's Assertions.
THE INFAMY OF THE SLAVE
A Glooiny Picture of Past Con
Mr. Morgan of Alabama, in hiBl
speeeh before the U. 8. Senate on Jan
mary -th. in defendisg the attitude of
the South towsrd the Negro ssid:
"It is most diiagreeable to every
honorable man in the South to listen
from year to ysar to aeeusations
against our Southern people of frauds
in eieetiors. Nor is it any relief to
know that equal or more dangerous
frauds are praoticed on white men in
Northern States If Southern white
men have falsifled eleetion returos.
they hsve the etronger, if not tha bet
ter resson that they are aeting upon
the same law of self-dstenee that in
Bulted and ootraged human nature re
sorts to for the proteetion of homes
and families, women and ehildren,
from a race that sets at defianoe all
moral restrsiats apon their brutal de
aires and fllls the eountry with horrorB
that defy description and a retaliatory
vengeance that infuriates its ictliotors
with unoontiollsbie rage."
? 1 _Cl'~IAR ltATBMBRT.
The Senator than goes on to spesk of
the Negroes as hsving "cursed this
eountry with their enforeed presenee.
Both before and sinee our eivil war
Southern members of Congress, aad
perhaps Northern ones, have uttered
falaebocds in debate but we question
if any were blaeke. and more laden
with infamy than this:?The Negroes
have eureed thia eountry with their en?
foreed presenee: Are we to believe
that our wh?te winged vessels of mer
ohsndise were peaceably moorad on
the eoaat of Africa and that the nativea
"who were in Afriea theslavea of their
own kindred," as Mr. Morgan declaree
them to have b**en surpriaed the crewa
by eoming on board and eompelling
them to bring them aerosa the Atlantio
nnd here they then pushed themsel-ea
ia and forrver atter "cursed thia eoun?
try with their enforeed presenee ?'
BoeBthe Senator mean thathe would
have us and eoming generationa be?
lieve that thia ia history T Would he
eover up the truth and pervert our
faith ? If so he is ae near of kin to the
Devil, tbe father of liars, as it ia credi
table to be. and if he repent not the
indieation is that he haf in reserve for
him the blackness of darkneaa forever.
TRB SA_R OF TUR N-Q&O.
It waa not until after the Negro was
allowed to own himself, his wife and
children, and reap something of the
fruit of his own hard labor that his
presenee was undeeirable. Indeed oe
fore that there were uone whose pres?
enee were more deBirable by that clasa
of Amerieacs whieh Senator Morgan
represente. Such was the demand for
Negroes thst they were bought and
sold at very high priees. We read of
pretty young girls being aold for $175
anl aometimes $2000. (It sesms how
ever that the ne?rer of kin these girla
were to the slave-owner the greater
was the demand for them.)
"Dealing in Blaves," said the Balti?
more Register in 1829. "has beeome s
large business; establishments are
made in several plaeea in Mary land and
Virginia at whieh they are aold like
eattle, Theie plaeea of depoait are
?? atrongly built, and well aupolied with
'.ron thuaib-iorew and gsgs; snd orna
aaented with eowakina and other whips
sometimss bloedy." aaa*
Prof. Dew. afterwards President of
Willism snd Msry'a College in Virgin?
ia, ssid in 1883 thst the slave traffle
added largely to the revenae of the
State and "it furnishes every induoe
ment to tha master to attend to his
Negioes, to eneourage breeding, and
to cauae tke greatest number possible
to be raised."
The Naw Tork Journsl of Commeree
of Oetober 12th, 1835 eiserted on good
anthority that ".0,800 alavea had been
driven to the South from Virginia,
that year, bnt little more than three
foarths of whieh hadt,elapasd.'> ?..v
LAROB RPRBBB BXPORTSD. ,
HThe^Yirginis" Times published in
Wheehng, Ta., "estimsted thst dur
iag the year 1885, tbe number of sla#es
ejperted for tale from Virginia alone,
was 40.000; the aggregate v*iu* of
whom was eomputed at $35 000,000 "
"ln 1830 the nntnber exported trom
Virginia waa estimated at 12q 000,
eaeh slave averaging at leaat 9d_0
making an aggregate of $72 000.000."
The horrible extent of thia evil eaa
be eoneeived when reading an ex'raet
from a speeoh made by a member of
the Virginia House of Delegates in
18?2. "SlaveB eonstitute the entire
wealth of the Btate, all the produetive
Capaoity Virginia posaesse-.
The natural increase of sla.es gradu
allj diminished by deportation of sueh
large numbern yearly. and slaves w*re
then Bold at extravagant prioe*. "The
warrenton, (Va.,) Whig of January
18r*7 was informed by the auetioneers
of Kishmond, Oiekinson Hill A Co.,
that the groaa amount of their aales of
men. women and children in 1858
reached $2,000,000. Girla not ten _etr_
of age brought $800 "
The domestio slave trade was ths
great trade of thia part of our eountry.
Duriug the two years 165152, there
were ahipped from the single port ef
Baltimore, Mary land, 1.083 slaves for
Southern market, as appeared from the
report of the custom-house offleer.
This was only one port, and only one
mode of exporting slaves. Multitudea
were aent overland.
Pen and ink are powerleas to give
anything like a true picture of this
sbomioable tra-fie in flesh and blood.
Family ties were rent in twsin. The
vietims of this system lived in perpet
ual fear of being aold to the "aoul
driver." Eapeeially waa this true in
the slave breeding atatet. The fear of
being sold haunted the slave by day
and by night from the eradle to the
I.IXB SHBBP ROR TBB SLA-OHTBR.
He knew thst he was reared for it like
sheep for the alaughter and ao auapenae
brooded over all that wsa dear to him
and east ita awful gloom over tbe fu?
ture for he atood in momentary dread
of being tom from his famiiy, or hav?
ing his famiiy torn from him.
The Inveatigsting Oommittea of the
Anti-Slavery Soeiety in their report of
1841 aaid: "Another eoneequenoe of
thia ajBtem ia the prevalenee of lieen
ciouaneaa. This ia iudeed one of the
foul features of alavery every where;
but it is eapeeially prevaient and india
eriminate where alave-breeding ia een
ducted aa a business.
The larger the alave inereaae the
greater the master'a gaina, and eapeei?
ally ainoe the mixed blood demanda a
conaiderable higher priee than the
While these aaenea were being en
aeted the foreign slave traffio, although
illegal, waa Deing proaeeuted with vig
or; aa I have shown in a former letter
All efforts to atop it were unavailing.
Preaident Buohanan greatly enoour
ed the traffle and durinp hia adminia
trstion, alavts were landed ln Qeorgia
and Florida. Both nortbern and aouth
era men were alike guilty in thia in
famoua work. A list appeared iu tha
New York "Evening Post" of eighty
flve veeaela fltted oat from ?i*w York
from February, 1859 to July 1860, for
the alave trade.
Tha "New York Leader," a Demo
cratie paper, aaaerted that "an average
of two veasels each week elear oat of
our harbor, bound for Africa and a hu
"The World" atated that from 80,000
to 60,000 a year were taken fram Afri
ea to Cuba from the aingle port of New
BOTJdHT SX.AVBB BT TBB WUOLBdALB
Senator Morgsn ahould remember
that the preaenee of Negroea was so
deairable before the eivil war that a
"committee of the eitixena of Mebile,"
atated in 1887 thst. "ao great waa the
retarna of alsve labor that purohaaera
by Alsbama of Negroes from other
otates amounted to about ten million
"iasb oaioiB as otjbsblyss."
Armiatead, ja well lnformed writer,
eaya: ''The haplesa vietima of the re
volting ayatem are mea of the lame
origin aa ourselvea?men endowed
with niinda equal in dignity, equal in
capacity and equal in duratioL of ex
istence?men of the same sooial dis
poaition snd affeotions. and destined to
oceupy the same rank in tbe great
family of man. Alas. for Christian
guilt 1 "an it be equaled by any Pagan
Any reader seeking further informa?
tion on the evils of slavery I refer to
the foilowmg books.
The Slave Trade and Remedy. by Sir
T. F. Buxton, London.
History of Slavery and the Slave
Trade. _y W. O. Blake, Ohio.
Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in
Amerioa, by Henry Wiison, U S. Sen?
Supnreaaed Book sbout Slavery,
Tribute for the Negro, by Wiison
Clarkson's Miatory of Slavery, Lon?
Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin, by Har
riet Beeoher Stowe.
An Ippeal in Favor of that elaaa of
Amerieans called Africans, by Mra.
The Nation'a Sin and Punishment,
by aChaplain of U 8. Navy.
Inside View of Slavery, by 0. G.
Afrioa and the Slave Trade, by Cora
I might nention many more. but all
such books are. diiUcult to ub.-jn They
have been found ?t Legg^tt's seeond
hand book ature, New York; alao at
ths University Book Company, No. 23
Univeraity Plaee. New York City ; and
at the Kouk. dtore in the basement of
the ? O.d South Meeting House," Bos
Clariisa Olds Krs-br.
122 leuth Street. S. E.,
Jan. 23,1900. Washingtou. D. C.
The Oid Relisble Beneflcial Insur?
ance Company of whieh Dr. W. F. Gra?
ham ia presideut haa had its ohsrter
amended. It is no longer the'Rich?
mond Benenoial and Insurance Com?
pany," but'The Kichmund Becefioial
The company now haa the right to
own three acres of land in Richmond
and two thouaand acrea elawwhere in
the state. They alao have the rigbl to
make eharitabie, beoevoltnt and edu
Thia ia the strongest and moat auc
eeaaful company of its kind oonducted
by Negroes in the worid. They have a
memberahip of over flfty thousand;
they pay theusanda of dcllars monthly
fur sick and death claims; they seek
to help the Negro race in ;hose things
that make respeeted eitisensbip;
churchea and aohools in different parts
of the eountry, the Orphan Asylum
and the Y. M. U. A. (ooiored) of Rich?
mond, all have received liberal dona
tions fxom thia grand inatitution.
They emplcy 170 peraona, taking all
of their time as managers, eashiera,
inapeotora, book keepers, olerka snd
agents. They have their f unda so in
veeted aa to make the company abso
lutely aafe. Beaidea large b ink ac
eounts in two of the beit banks in the
state, the eompany owns $10,000 00
worth of resl estate, having just our
ehaaed a farm of 106 acres on New
Market road, feur miles and a half
from Richmond for $2250.00 (two
thousand, two hundred snd fifty dol
lars). These investments are made so
that in case there are wide-apread epi
demics, such as small-pox, yellow-fev
er, ete , the company will have money
with whieh to pay its claims.
The Richmond Beneficial Insurance
Company is the best one to put your
money in if you want your claims
paid. Try them.
W. F. Graham, President;
J. J. Cartkr, Cashier ;
Jno. T. Iaylos, M_-_ger.
DS UBYAHT AT THE FlfTH STBEET
Monday night, Feb. 6th, the great
orator will deliver his famoua leetura,
"Negro-ology or Negro Mooda and
Tenaee." You don't want to miaa thia
rare opportunity to hear one of the
flnest leeturea that ever fell from mor
You are going to laugh, think, re
fleet and take new eourase for the bat?
tle of life. Prejudiee, diserimiaation
and even tha "Jim Crow" erumble to
the duat aa oppoaition to the black
man's future, under the magie spell of
thia wonderful man's aneouragement
to the raoe.
Let Riehmond's enterpviaing, intel
ligent people paok tne ohureh. Be
aure and bring the boys and girla with
you. The pulpit will Be deeorated
with United Statea flsga. We want
every boy to bring a amall United
Statea flag to wave encouragemeat to
The small ium of 10 eenta admit
tanea will be rtquired at the door.
Monday night, Feb. 5'.h ii the time.
-Mr. H. C Green, the profeasion?
al headwaiter ia now loeated at Or
mond, Fla., for thia seaaon. With him
ia Mr. George H. Fleming, an old
Bichmond boy, who has aot visited
Riehmond for jeara. Hia friends will
be glad ot hia present looation.
Virginius Crawley, Supposed
at the Time to be One of
the Gingerly Ne?
BHOT AND I?8TAirr__ KILLED BY
Laat Thuraday evening a telegram
wbb received here from Warren, a ata
tion about five miles weat of Somer
ville on the N. C? A St. L. Railway,
Htating that a couple of Negroea, sup?
posed to be the Gtoger'y Negroes who
kill.d offioer* Durham and Turner near
Ripley, I'enn , a few days ago, had
just left there, were- heavily armed
and eoming in thia direjtion. Jffluer
Fmdley waa not'.n-J of tne faci. and
depuuz d E _. Cr_ok,and Eigar Grif
fin to aasiat him in th-jr eapture. Aft?
er arming with double-barrel ahot
guna, they atationed tltaina.lv-aon the
railroitd about a mile from town, near
where th?* Covingmo road t.-oases
l'riey had beeu there only a few min?
utes when two Negroes o*me walking
up the rathoad.
THR MDKDIR ilt's K_OOS_l
They called to i.-i^-o to h* t, wh-n
ooe of them ttrrd aitd ?? - aa <inar hit
ting Edgar Orflin. l\.ni rindiey _nd
Grjfiiu both flred aa i <???- oi t ..- Ha
groes fell and dird in _ fe* ft-conda
ihe officera aay hia viii^ words were:
"I am not one ut u.- ir.; geny Ne
groes" The oih r NVgr . ta i ani
made his essape io t.n-. u.rMit*s- A
wagon waa sent for an.t tne dead m n
waa brought to ?..wm. where he was
recoguized as Virginius Uraw.ey. ?
brother of Tom Crawky, couirr-d. of
this plaoe. The de?d m.i. o_d foraaar
ly made this hia home, out ateiy b?l
been living in Mexnphi*. A L'oroner'a
jury empannelled by E-q. T. J. Foater,
deveioped the fauta .a above stated.
The Negro who escaped went to the
house ot Sam Dickinson. colored,
where he *p;nt tl:e nigtit. Next morn?
ing he caught a freight train at Wai
ren and went to Memphis. He aaid
that he and hia partaar, who waa kill?
ed, were looking for work.
THB OOLORBO man's stort.
Binoe the above waa written and in
tyne, we have seen a oopy ot the Com
mereial Appeal eontaining a atata
ment from the V'egro who eaoapad, in
regsrd to thia affair. This man, Louia
Addiaon, waa arreated cn notiee re
eeive frorr. the authorities here that a
Negro, who might be one of the Utug
erly Negroea, waa making hia way to?
ward Memphia from thia vieinity.
Addiaon waa taked to the station house
and oritieally examined by Sergeant
Perry. He gave the name of hia part
ner, the man who was killed, sa Will?
iama. Addieon's atory aa publiahed in
the Appeal ia aa followa:
He aail that he and his partner,
John Williama, had been flred on near
Somerville, and he suppoaed hia part
ner was killed. Addiaon aaid that he
and Williama had left Memphia late
Wedneaday evening and aet out to
Somerville. Williama knew aome peo
pie there. They had walked half tbe
night and alept the remainder. At
dayiight they aet out again. They
were on the railroad traek. They
walked all day Thuraday, and late
Thursday evening got witbin aix milea
of Somerville at a atore on the rail?
TOLD TO HALT.
After paseing thia atore he thinks
they walked about four milea, or five,
when suddenly aome one called out to
them to halt. He waa atartled, and
went to turn suddenly, and fell. He
got up, and koew no more tban that he
heard two shota flred. Addiaon thinka
he ran three milea before he atopped,
and after begging every man in the
neighborbood ne waa flnally permitted
to aleep in a cotton house.
Next moruing he started baek to
Memphia, weary though he waa, and
footaore from previoua day'a travel.
and having been without food for near?
ly twenty-four hour-. He paaaed the
plaee where tha ahooting oeeurred,
found a pool of dry blood and knew
that Williama muat have been killed.
He made all poaaible haste to get out
of the neighbornood, and came upon
two men on borseback. He had aeea
in the Commereial Appeal that the of?
fioera were out after the Gingery boya I
sbout vaecinatioo, and he thought
they were killiog "niggers" out theie
for not being vaccinated. ao he pullad
out his vacoination oertifieate and
akowed it to them, begging them not
to ahoot him. They paaaed him on,
aad he had no more adventurea until
the detectives eaptured him and
brought him, half ataxved and half
dead with fatigue, to the police ata?
RII DXPLOBABLB COBLITION.
He had covered about ninaty-odd
milea in hia wanderings brtween 6
o'eloek Wedneaday evening and 4
e'eloek Saturday evening. During all
thia while he had seareely taated food,
and wm in terror every moment leat
he ahould be abot for n*t being vaeci
The Negro's atory wss verified in ev?
ery partieular and tbe Julios Bond
Cotteo Company, for whom they had
worked,' gave both him and hia part
ner good oharaeters.
Audisoo said that he hsd aeen the
story froaa Somerville about the kill
ing ef his partner. in wnion the offlj
era olaimed that Wiliiams flred at
them. He atoutly denied this, and
statea that neither he nor Wiliiams
ha. any piatol.
He ta aa eerYainly in a aad plight. and
when asked if he waB hungry simp^y
aaid, 'yes sir " He tmbsaqueuily
proved thts Btatement aUo to the aet
infaclion of the police when he tackled
a large pan ofvituals whieh 3-r*e?nt
Perrj order**d prepared for him.
Th* Somerville authorities were do
ttfied of ihe eapture of the Nfsrro, bnt
aaid they had no charge againat hnc.
Addisoa waa either walking or run
ning all the time from wedneaday
night tiil he reached Memphis Satur
day evening, and onlv s opp-d for oo
caaionai anatcnea of aleep wherr he
could get it. Be tella a most pathetio
atory of hia fright and how he va*
lurn. d away from house sftrr hous?
when saking to be allowed a few huurr>
r. st in an outhouse or on the II >or.
? Warren. Tenn., Reporter snu Faloun.
Sergeant William H. Carney. hero of
Fort vVayner, letter carrier. prcmi
tient Odd Fellow. Grard Army man
and a respeeted oitissn or New R?d
ford. H?"i., in whoae hnnor the flrst
Campof Sona ef Colored Veterans wat
named at Po^nn, Mass.
Wm. H. Carney.
The members ot Serwant William
H. Carney Uamp. No. 82 Division of
Maswaohusetts have showo an interest
in the company m tha 49 h U. S. Vol
unteers. Uapt H-rberc S. Jacksin,
commander, by sending to the Philip
pine lalandB a large numbir of books.
newapapera, stationery and other
thinga. Something doiightful Io the
hearta of the aoldiers. It is a^aerted
that Captaia Jaekaon, who waa a form
er eorreapandent of the Afro-ameri
ean Press at Woreeater, Maaa., the
home of United Statea Senator George
F. Hosr, haa one of the bestdrilled aet
of men in the aervice. Your oorrea
pondent direoted that four of the first
men ever commiasioned by the late
War Gavernor John A. Aadrsw, oamp
at Hyde Park, Oapt. Gould, newly
eleoted 2nd Lieutenant of L Co.. 6;h
Regiment, a veteran of the Spanish
Other appointraents that reflect
eredit on the raee are the offioial *******
nographerof the Division ot Jscob W.
Powell, Enq., clerk to the Metrcpoli
tsn Wster Board, President of the Ep
worth League, oomposed of the soiid
white men snd women of the city ef
Clinton, Mass. The latter omcisl flrat
did journaliatio work under Editor T.
Thomaa Fortuae, Eaq., aud haa made
rapid progreaa The division offidiala
will aeleet no other on aaeount of his
known aobriety and the aoauraoy of
The brothera, who havs repreaented
Sergt. William H. Oarney Camp, the
firat colored camp in the state of Maa
eaehuaetti are Capta. John D. Powell.
Jr., jouroaliat and ahip-joiner, and
Henry Clay, prdminant as an Odd Fel?
low and polinoian in the 11th Ward.
Alex. A. Seideu. ahip-joiner, aerved
hia aopren ice at the U. n. Navy Yard ;
Ulyaaea Qrant Powell, oonnected with
the Massaehuaetta eleotrie raiiroada
and alao thoae of Rhode liland; Frank
Turner, Benjamin Waahingtoa, the
tailor; Walter J. Stevens, newly ap
appointed to the position of meaaenger
to Hia Honor, Thomaa N, Hart, the
new Msyor of Boaton, a vateran of the
Spanish-American War; aad othera
too numeroua to mention.
Many of the white eamps have eleot?
ed their colored comradeB to all the
Bubordinat* position*. Som* of the
aona who have riien to positiona of
great prominence are Col Charlsa K.
Darling. commanding 6th Maeaachu
aetta Regiment, tbe only regiment
having a oolored oompany to esoort
the oolora uaed ih the Spanish-Ameri
oan War to their resting plsee in the
stste houae. Willard 8. Howlaed,
repreaentative from Ohelaea, aucceaa
fui aa a manager of (the campaigo, for
Oongresaman; Eroeat Roberta and
Lieut-Governor John L. Batea; Part
Com. W. H. Davia of Cambndge, a
ahrewd politioal manipulator, who
oauaed the defeat of Alderman Olem
ent Morgan of Cambridge, the ex-rep
resentative of many leading oitisena
and publie offlcera, national and etste.
-Mra. Francas Miles, the wife of
Colemaa Milea, form rly of this city,
but now of New Yota, n?a been quite
ifl with the malanal fevei, but ia soms
what impr ? l under the akillful
treatmei.t o. Dr. F. R. PraU.
A FIERY RESPONSE
A Colored Soldier Wpx _
THEREFLKG_;ONSUPO-i TBE RAUE.
Manila, f. I., D,o. 28th, 89.
Edirorof Rionmood Pianei :
Si--: ?K ndly Jallow mn ep_ce in
your worthy paper to chaheugd the
moetbruta; allegation ever n.de in
teghrd to the r-?cord of the Colored
Soldier* of the 17 S. army by some
helliah fl nd as a oorrespondent of th?
New York Army a? d Navy Journal.
ucder date of (fov. llth, 99. I desire
to reply to each extraot as given oe
low whioh are %-xtract* from the hell
iah article pubhshed in the Jourual
of the abv ve date, as followa:
1.?A oorrospondent sends us from
the Philippioes a plea for tiie reeogni
tijn of our col ?rtd Boldiers, ani sug
ge-Cs tbat the president appoinv a ea
det at lar<e of colored bl od io th?
Military Acideuay ' B? Iimi.ing such
an appuinrment to one tor a geui-ratioi,
our c<>rr?spondent sees a way to escape
the demoralization whioh ao many ui
RO riGHT 1M TU_M
2.? 'Our preaent N<gr> populati _
are moat of thrin de-ivniiatin ni Afri
cau triOt-s. who hiid bo lutle fight 10
tnetu tha. they w^re readilf ovmoom*.
by their more vigorous neighoors, at.d
tranaportcd -h al_ve*."
8.?"As a clasii they have never deai
onstrsted th.-ir Huaess for oommand
and they shouid not be given it until
thia dn_ons.rai.ioB is oomplete." Tbe
above a.e ri-uo'i of the ar.iule men
iiont-d all tnree io whtch I ahall pro
ce-d against with the most aggcessive,
but defeosive and true respuu.e. 'n rs
gard lo the aonclusion of nret extract,
it is the mo-1 direat assault and outrage
that could arisj from an uuc.yii and
The second ex.ract (exoept the trana
portauoii aa slaves aud of .vfrioati d?
acent,) is a base lie by who_uo.-v.r
uttered. The Negro has uever i?een
guiity of oowardioe, I kuow this iroin
seli experienoe both in eiv.l Ke aud
The I_ird Extract, the deolaration
?al forta thereio is the moat uamnable
and barbaroua lie, tbat ever cane from
the throat of a white faeed, uut blaok
hrartt-d thief and m_rd<-rer, wnomso
ever ha may be that uttered aa.u false
and unfjunded statementa against
the reoord of the eolored soidiers and
eitiz.ns of the United States of Aineri
oa. The blood-thiraty our also de
scribes us as a people trained to sub
j.-ction, poasibly his ideas are iuhorlt
A CA8B IR F0IRT.
Toprove to you that he ia a baae
liar, 1 aak what about that 8ergeant
who went before the Examioation
Board at. Fort Aaainiboine. Montana,
and St. i'aul, Miun , in 1897, for acom
mission in the regular army. Mental
ly he pasaed both examinationa, bnt he
was infcrmed that he waa physieally
dicqualifidd. Tney told him that, but
if inat was a true repwrt why did they
not diaoharge him ou oertifioate of dia
ability like any other soldier of tne
army is ao diaposed of when found t)
be phyaioally diaqualified te perform
their dutiea aa aoldiera, much lesa
thoae of an offloer. l'his aame Ser
geaut is Bcill oolJiering. He ia to-day
the lat Sargeant of Co. C, 25th (J. 8.
Infantry, Fort Sam Houaton, Texas. Aa
it ia, he ia physieally able to aliog a
knapaack and execute, Right-ahoulder,
Arm*! ./ut unabfe to draw a aword aod
wear tue epaulet.
So you can aee from thia atate
of affaira that extat even to-day, that
the most unreaaonable prejudice ou
accounc of oolor, ia hurled at every
aolored oitizen within the bordera of a
land ao oalled, "a land of the free" de
apite hia faithful aervieea to what he
he oalla his oountry. If you aro dubi
oua that we are not faithful to the
(lovernment of the U. S., ju^tmakea
little inquiry at the War Department,
and aee if there are not 20 white aol
diera that deaert to every l colored
sjldier. They oan |not truthfully deny
Aak how many white soldiera deaert
ed at Fort Sam Houaton. Tcxaa, when
they heard the awful newa that they
wef. to go to the Pniiippinei for aotive
field aervice, May, 1899. Of course,
tuere were many of them who took it
aa a inaittr of duty, as did the 25:h.
Thoae who deaerted are of the aame
oalibre aa our Journal correspoudent,
they did t.ot want to aee the "tiring
line," but rather at sv snd try in vaiu
to anatch the iaurels he fears might
orowD aome Negro'a head, whoae traita
aa agentleman of honeaty and integri
ty are euperior co hia, hanoe they join
one another in that never dying ha
tred againat the Negro.
WBT HB WILL NOT 8UBBBNDBB,
""Aguinaldo aaya that ia why he will
not aurrendsr. He takes it forgranted
that just aa tht? colored people are
treated in the United statea that hia
people would be dealt with aooording
ly, and haa taught them that. He haa
alao told them that their defeat would
bring upon them a rule far more bit
ter in ita effect than the Bpaniah re
gime. That ia why they flght io
atnall aquada, then the eommand to
eease tiring" will never be tounded,
Tbe great Emilio Aguioaldo is of the
? mind of old Patriek He.try?* Give me
Lib rtv or give* me Death," snd in
coiiBid r.tion of thst most sublime
oo iiicpiwu, hs give 'he eommand,
'Your oauae is just, figut until yon
ihe Cubans and the K lipiuoa do not
want a Jim Crow Oar, .hey do not
?_M notoia where they will be refuaed
admissiou on aooount of their eolor.
They do not want mon tban half of
their rights most shsmefully and baee
ly deoied them by the pe ?ple. and their
aotioos sustained by Congreaa and the
whole Guvernmtnr. Ihroughout the
land of -uitiiii'a. iho Auaerican Ne?
groc-a endure suob a talse polioy but
w?e uab.vea will nerer takj it io like
that, so long as there is dynamite to
deairuy publie propeny a_d rifljs and
b^los to destroy hum ia life. 1 aay to
my brethreo aeross th i sea who are
struggliug with the _>**;ro problem in
he Uuited diates. "8t*n4 still and s*e
the Balvation of yjur God." All will
be acujm^lichid aooordiog to Hia ho
ly wi 1.
THS UA0S_ oT RAC- P_._JCD:CR.
They aro forever howling about a
Negr_ b disqualifl.atijn in regard toa
-ommisaiou iu .he army. And at same
time there ara white men given eom
mis^ions who o-uld ooi drill a compa
uy to save tueir neoks. Some of them
ean ii ?t ?p0ak tue Eagliah language,
_>u oh, as .our krout pr^vates, are pro
m_ted frout white regimenu, get com
-hbhioo. withojtany trou'ole Itdoesn't
surpn ie me at all f_r the War Depart?
ment ..a- dejUred their inteotiou of
-ee?iag Negroes from holding com
m.eai.iut ,n tne regular army as line
or m ff offic-ra, _nd no President has
ever iutt-riered with their wioked
achemes whieh ar_ from time to time
ouueoe-ed against the ojlored man aa
we.l as tae ooiored sjidiers of the
army. Thry ass^rt th*t u is i-jposai
. ___?2H white BO d???'? to respect
ooiortd officers whioh is either a false
hood or a chrouic weakaaas upon the
part of the Deyartmen., 11 perform its
duty iu haviog a dLcipliued srmv
among the white soldiers.
Is u impos-ible to m?ka or oompel a
o_lored soldier to respe_t a white offi?
oer? Certainiy not, njr ia it the re
verse with the white so.di-r, for both
are trained under tha sama rulea
and orders of diaoiplme aud reguls
tiuoa sooordiug ,o the arm of aervice
The Goverument of the United Statei
ia aolely respouaible iur ms outrages
that ar_ i_.fi,cted upon the colored pec
pld of that eountry.
luregaid to tn_ ran , our Gover_
ment sanctions mob law and the dia
franchiaement of tin Negro race
throughout the land. what authority
tor this staiemeni ? 'Siinnee gives
oonaeat." la that nur? I have put
the aituation b.fore y ju as I hava ae
tu-lly disoeru^d it iiom exp.rienoe
and it is as trua as the _ ive Points. '
In oonolusioa I hopo o.ipies of this
letter may be sent from New Yurk to
San Francisco, and frctu L*ke Superior
to the Carribeai Sea.
Youra moat reapee fully,
FlBLDS A. -C__AP?B_,
Manila, P. I.
[Inbehalf of the25;h lofy.]
Ohuroh deivioea-Other Notes of iateresta
The aervices at Mt. Olivet Bsptist
Chureh were good. R^v. J. Aodrew
Bowler fllled the pulpis in the morn?
ing and a. night. His subje.t at uight
waa "The javeline in the wall."
The residenoe of Dr. R. F. Taaoil
waa a aeano of a small flre on f uasday,
23d inat.,oaused by the over heating
of a ateam pipe whioh runs from th _
kitohen to the up stsirs. A still alarm
waa turned in from box, No. 17, whieh
brought out the hose and chemical wa
gon of No. 1 F, D. Damage| small.
Dr. i'ancii's horse while atanding be
came frightened aud raa off, wnilst
running after the swift-footed aaimal,
he maue a miss-atep aud spraiaed his
hip, whish was quite painful, but is
Lei^h St. M. ?. Ohuroh Berviow.
There wilf be aervicsa at the Leigh
St. M. E. Churoh all day Sunday, Feb.
4th, 1900. At 11 a. m., preaohing by
the paator, the Rev. J. Edward Guaby,
A. M., B. D., aubjeot, "k eontrast?
Moody and Ingeraoll." At 8 p. m., the
aaorament of the LorJ'a Supper will
be adminiatered. At 8 p. m.,Mra.
Pinkey, the evangeliat will preaeh.
It is moit earnestly hoped that all
the memuera and frienda of the churoh
will be present at each aervioe if poa
TheThlrdBt. Baptiat Ohurob.
The congregation of the above nam
ed ehuroh w.il hold a rally on next
Sunday, Feb 4;h. Wo appeal to the
public generaiiy to eome out and help
ua. Tha f lowing miniatera will
preaoh for i;ie oocasion: Morning n ?
80, Paator; evening, 8:80. Rev. E.
Payno, of4 h Baptiat Churoh: niwht.
7:30, Rev. J.J. Woodaon.
W. A. Bbown, Paator,
a i a -a**
-??Mra. Jennie Uhestham of 1117V;
N. oth St , ia improving slowiy under
the treatm jnt of Dr. Merriwesther,