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C. 0. STEWART, Tusines3 Manages axd Publisheb.
Home Rule, Industry, Justice, Equality and Recognition according to Merit.
W. 0. CHASE, Fditoi: icm PRoriuETOit.
WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY, MARCH 24, 1883.
. .1 .
Owing to additional improvements our Regular
Surf rig Opening will be postponed for a few da vs,
and will be duly announced when it takes place.
eanwhife we shall offer
An elegant line of Hatsand Bonnets, Children's,
Misses' snd Ladies' Trimmed and Untrimmed
Hats, Flowers, Feathers, Ribbons, Laces, Silks
and Satins, and all the Novelties in the Millinery
Don't Fail to Examine
814 SEVENTH STREET, 3ST. W.
The Largest Millinery Establishment in the District of Columbia.
O w .-.- .. .ii
D. W. LEWIS,
ATTORN E Y-AT-I j A.W,
Practices in all the courts of the District of
Columbia and the state of Virginia.
lVimions and claims against the U. S. Gov
ernment a specialty. Room 15 May Build
in::, cor. 7th & E sts., city. feb24-tf
MADV IT VABI
iwif-trt i s u i
No. 218 11th St.,Cor. C.N. W.,
WASHINGTON. D. C
1241m Tobacco and Cigarettes.
PRIVATE DANCING SCHOOL
Over inc. Estre's Store,
1109 F Sh-ccl, N. W.
Thc entire second floor will bo used for
that purpose. Instructions Riven in classes
"r to individuals. Now classes will ho
lorined March 1st. For terms, information,
'.'L0-' apnly to W. 11. Smallwood. No. 1133
I'tn street, between the hours of f and 8
0 clock, P. M. fob21-lm
Washington High School,
Seventh and Eighth Divisions)
Musical and Ltierary JSntertmnmen
AT LINCOLN IIALL,
Fl 'Way, March 30, 1883, at 7:30 o'clk.
Admission 25 cents. Proceeds to purchase
Dookfi of reference.
STREET, 1ST. W.
a special sale of Easter
our Stock and Obtain
ICED STN-KPEOtAIj HOTICB.
UOOR OUT I'OE OOUN YhliFEITS.
VR.H1LUUXX. INDIAN DOCTOP
... -..... -r --
M rMTOa 101U3, 4Bt., Ji. W .
ear i-euBBjiTama Arenue, JJr
sa Hvn as tne onir penuiuc
Onrtftrfnl Hnrha. In Hi mi Hlnnt
nemaay, ocet jnrmcino tncTn,
for ttxa Blood, IAmt, Kidnejs
and ail Stomach t cubic j
eoanntec to relievo CbUONTl
or BOCJZIO RHEUMATISM i
from 'JO to Mmlnutos. Apcrma
cent onro from 2 to 4 weeks. Tlit
ASTHMA, or 1'niSTIC. I relieri
ton sntlcrer In .0 lujiutts. and
cure in rrom two fonr trcck. r?t staee o
CoDBn-nptlon OP Bronchial a flection, I re
iievo ibo sauerer m 25 nmintcK. a pKruaDtn:
cure iu, tvr- o? thicn eek. t Ircit anyFerci
n2Jiuinutc5. Fever and Ague iu one day. L c.
oncforcouuterffi:. Ibarcno peddlerst thfTjire
IrampspMugiromdoorio door ecIMng medicii-t
nut up wkb Iftbctlie v&mn form sa jrtiue it in a
baso countp.roit. Thor also represent tlicms elvw it
be counectod with me, tbev loll j ou any 1iFg t ton
a order to Bell their rorthl'M medicicc I bae nr
conucctiou wntb any one. Come tn mv hcadOuar
tun and t?et tbn Ronuiuo Red S n Medicine; don'i
h& deceived. I make a Bpecialt of lenmlo trouble'
and allpivatodi8'acx. 1 warn t ho ibic not to
trto my professional trade mark namo Bod Svnlfoi
pariHwe of bu'neBs or Injnrv,a I .viH prosecute
tbeinuud r protect ion of thcU. S pa'cutiair.
1 - "'y vf Tkdiax Doctor,
w 44 wr ivama a rnne.
milEVOlCliOFA MECHANICAL EXPERT.
XtT ctnvnTnH T f! MllT 10. lfiS2.
After carefully cxamininR Seninc Machines of various
patterns. I decided npnn the QUEEN, and find it all
it vhb represented U bo. My jnitr ro bo moch
plnnscd with it that WO rneommeud it to our neiKhbors
inrl frirails irhu iH onually plnagod mtn It;
Modcl and Mechanical Draugbtranan.
SsfSrfffiuEEft. r' M Rl,othcr WDds of
fu-st-claEs Machines, are forsalo by
5S5S5aSd gW fcishinK ud Hat Storo hcxt
1 E Hewitt & JoM A. Moss,
Attorneys at Law.
Practice in all the Courts of the District
Collection of claims before the departments
i -,.. -,n.ncnrinfmn. ( )mCe. 4UU
ana ocdih ut vvlj uwi ,
Louisiana avenue, rooms 1 and .second
I floor. '
In Clear or Cloudy Weather,
Wonderful Effects by the
Wo wore tl e first to introduce it in this city. Also the" originators of low prices.
Elegant Cabinet Photographs 53.00 per Dozen. Cards $l.COfcper Dozen. Prooffs shown
and Satisfaction Guaranteed to nil. . " , , .
The Finest Skylight and Most Spacious Rooms
South of Phialdeiphia.
Hours for Sittings, from S A.. JVX, to O I. M.
525 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, NEAR 10TII STREET.
Special Rates made to Clubs of 5, 10 and 20.
The Reliable Shoe House
WM. HAHN & CO.
Desire to impress upon the minds of those in search of
Good Shoes at Low Prices, That
Reliable is our motto.
Reliable our dealings.
Reliable the materials used in the manufacture of our goods, and
Reliable the statement that we can give our customers more for their money
than can be found anywhere else.
Spring goods now arriving, Ladies' Hook and Laced Shoes $2.00, and fine
Kid and Goat Button 1.00 up; Gents' fine Button and Laced Shoes 2:00;
Children's Heeled and Spring Laced and Button Shoes, 75 cents, Infants
Shoes 25 cents up.
WM. IIAIIN & CO.', 816 7th street, and 1922, Pa. Ave. N. W.
Sign Red Slipper.
JOHN R ELLIS & CO.
937 Pennsylvania Avenue, Near Tenth Street
JPIAISTOS -AJSTD OHQAJSTS
For Sale at Reasonable Prices, on Easy Terms
Toning, Bepairing and Moving promptly attended to. Cornet?, Violins, Filltes
Guitars, and everything in the mnsio line for
CASH OR &TS INSTALMENTS.
J-OHIST J?. ELLIS & CO.,
937 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
3,000 yards of Ginghams in short lenghts, from 3 to 10 yards, 8 cents, former
price 12 cents; 300 yards of Cloaking, short lengths, from H to 3 yards, $1.50,
former price $2.50; 30 pieces apron Gingham 8 cents; former price 10 cents; 1
case 10 White Sheeting, best quality made, 31 cents; former price 40 cents; 1
case of assorted Cottons and Cambrics, short lengths, 9 cents, usual price 12
A LARGE STOCK OF
Blankets and Bed Comforts
To be sold at a large reduction from usual prices.
BARGAINS IN EVERY KI D OF DRY GOODS
GEO. J. JOHNSON,
IS MANUFACTURED BY
have justly earned the reputation of making "Best Wagon on Wheels.'
Manufactures have abolished the -vvarrany, but Agents may, on their own
responsibility, give the following warranty with each wagon, if so agreed :
WE HEREBY WARRANT the FISH BROS. WAGON, No to be cll made in
every particular and of good material, and that the strength of tho samo is sufficient for
all -work with fair usage. Should any breakage occur within one year from this date by
reason of defective material or workmanship, repairs for tho samo will be furnished at
place of sale, free of charge, or tho price of said repairs, as per agent's price list will be
paid in cash by the purchaser producing a samplo of tho broken or defective parts as evidence.
Knowihg wo can suit you, wo solicit patronage from overy section of theTJnited States.
Send for Prices and Terms, and for a copy of the "Racine Agriculturist," to
FISH BROS. & CO., Racine Wis.
SEAL ENGRAVER AND DIE SINKER.
Seals for all Secret
Societies made to
order at tho
DESIG-ISTS AND JESTIMATJbJS FURNISHED,
' ' feb24-ly 1222 PENA. AYE., WASHINGTON, D. C.
Wagon on Wheels.
Jewels and Regalia
for all S e c r e t
Societies. For G.
U. O. of O. F. a
VERY DAXGEB0U3. .
Vl!t t a IVltre-Glycerlse Fmcfrr-A.
Place Where Men's JLlves A?i la
Near the village of Tweed, Canada,
and at the water's edge of Stoco
Lake, is a fair-sized, unpretentious,
Isolated wooden building, the appear
ance of which would cause a stranger
fc) inquire why a good building was
erected in such an isolated locality,
and it was so olosely guarded, as a
aolitary (watchman, day and nightthe
year roun cnecks the steps and in
quires the business of the curious as
they stray near. As the eye passing
upwards reads "Nitro-glycerine factory
very dangerous," in big letters
above the door, the use for which
the building is intended and the
necessity for watchful care i3 ap
parent. At the door were seen lying
iron casks sheeted inside with lead,
and in these casks are imported the
pure glycerine and mixed acids used
In the factory.
A cask of mixed acid is hoisted by
machinery to the upper story and
dumped into a mixing tub, in which
the mixing blades are turned by a
man who is stationed in a tight box
and has in front of him a thermometer.
As the glycerine runs into the acid a
vapor is engendered in which life is
scarcely supportable, hence the man
at the crank is stationed in a close box
The acid and glycerine in their admix
ture rapidly heat, and tho compound
has to be toned down bv cold water or
ice; hence tho greatest watchfulness
is necessary at this point. As the heat
is allowed to run up to 80 degrees, and
nitro-glycerine explodes at 90 degrees,
there remains but 10 degrees of heat
between themen and eternity,or, as the
manager remarked, if the heat run up
to 90 degrees they would not have
time to pucker their mouths to say
It is needless to say that, while the
work is going on, strangers arc never
allowed to enter the building, as it is
necessary that every man should have
his individual attention at such times
upon his work. "Strict rules govern
our men," remarked the manager, "as
the least venture at experimenting
d leavo no one to tell how the ac-
ent.nUl.mCi.lCU. xnu muiu-giruwiuu
thus manufactured has an explosive
force ten times greater than that of
blasting powder, and is used on very
heavy work, but we sell very little in
that shape, remarked the manager, as
it is run down a tunnel to the room
below, where it is manufactured into
dynamite, daulin or vigorite, all of
which have nitro-glycerine a3 their
basis, but are known by different
names to designate the degree of power.
As rapidly as possible, the nitro
glycerine is mixed with charcoal, wood
pulp, or other mixtures, and reduced
into a commodity more readily handled;
for although dynamite is understood
to be extremely dangerous to handle, it
is rammed into the cartridges with a
stick with as little apparent fear of the
result as would be the case were the
substance so much dirt.
The cartridges are made to hold from
a pound to two pounds each, and are
carefully packed each day and taken
to an isolated magazine owned by the
company. The output of the factory
is about 1000 pounds daily now, but
the owners expect to increase the
capacity to meet the requirements of a
rapidly increasing demand, as this is
the only factory of the kind in Ontario,
and the development of the mines ha3
rapidly increased the demand, as blast
ing with powder has been almost en
tirely superseded by the use of dynam
ite, which is not only more efficacious
but safer to handle. The manager re
marked: "I have to pay my men large
salaries, although the work is compara
tively light, as a very slight accident
would put them out of the way of
drawing their salaries. I have worked
at the business for the past five years,
and own a mill in Algoma as well as
this one here, but in this business life
is the result of vigilance." Manu
How These Delicate Optical DeHulens
Artificial eyes are not of recent in
vention, for the early Egyptians used
many crude specimens, the erblepbari
and the hypoblepharia. The former
was formed of a circle of iron which
passing round the head had at one of
its extremities a thjn sheet of metal
covered with very fine skin, -on which
was painted an eye with eye-lid and
lashes, thus lorming a kind of painted
bandage which concealed the cavity of
the lost eye. The latter exhibited
somewhat of a likeness to the method
now adopted, but was made of a
metallic shell something like a walnut
shell on which was painted the iris,
the pupil and the white of the eye,and
was placed in the orbital cavity and kept
in place by the eyelids as is now done.
The great objection to thia was the
weight of fche metal and the constant
fixity of the look.
The- data of tho introduction of
glass eyes is not recorded, but they
have been found in tho heads of
mummies staring with unearthly
Ught. In olden days solid glas3 eyes
were used, but the artificial eye of
to-day is of shell-like formation, and
in its construction remarkable nicety
and skill is required.
With the exception of a few small
modifications in detail and finish, the
manufacture of artificial eyes has not
made any particular steps forward in
the last half century. Each manu
facturer has a secret of his own as to
the combination of the material used
and- the mode of applying them.
Tliis secret, which in most cases is
handed down from father to son, is
jealously guarded, and strangers are
rarely permitted to witness any of the
processes of manufacture. The artifi
cial eye being only a light shell of
enamel without any precise form, since
it has to be suited to the dffierent sizes
and shapes of eyeballs, is placed under
the eyelid, and is composed of two
parts; the one exterior, which gives
the colors of the iris, of the sclerotic.Jor
white on the eye, a3 well as the blood
vessels of the healthy eye; the other,
the interior, which fitting into and
capping the stump, receives movement
from it. The manufacture of artifi
cial eyes consists in three distinct
operations, as follows:
The artist seats himself at his table
with a lamp or gas jet beforo him
which is blown by a bellows and blow
pipe, worked by the foot, and gives a
pointed jet of flame of the strength he
desires. Within reach of his hand are
placed rods of enamel of different
colors. lie begins by taking a hollow
tube of colorless crystal, one of the
extremities of which being soon melted
in the firo of the jet forms a ball
when blown. As the color given by
the crystal has no resemblance to that
of the sclerotic, usually called the
white of the eye, his first labor is to
color the ball in such a manner that it
may be of the same hue as the natural
eye. To attain this result, he applies
to the ball, eimmel of different colors
aaSlJTlCaSS thQ ystal
desired tint, which differs in eJ
individual. This tint obtained, he
makes a circular opening in the center
of the ball, destined to receive the
globe of the eye. When the hole is
made the ball is put on one side.
The globe ismade by first forming the
iris, which is done by tho use of sev
eral amalgamations of enamel accord
ing to requirements of tho case.
Thejiris finished, a spot of black ename
is placed in the center to form the
pupil, which is then encircled with its
aureola. The infinitely small fibers
found in the iris are then drawn.
The globe when finished is soldered
to the sclerotic by means of the lamp,
after which the artist rectifies any
small imperfections which he may
observe, and it only remains to pare
the ball in order to obtain a shell,
which, rounded at tho edges, may
perfectly resemble the living eyo with
which it is to be placed, not only in
form but also in color. The enameled
surface of a well-made eyo is really
lovely, and when even closely exaif
inedit has every appearance of the
natural, eye both in brilliancy, depth
Prices vary from $15 to $50, accord
ing to circumstances, although all are
equally well finished.
FEABLS OF THOUGHT.
A felicity that costs pain gives dou
Money is well spent in purchasing
tranquility of mind.
There is no deeper law of nature
than that of change.
Indolence is the rust of the mind and
the inlet of every vice.
A passionate woman's love is always
overshadowed by her fear.
Wrong none by doing injuries, or
omitting the benefits that are your
Time should never be squandered.
Every man should have a noble, worthy
aim in life.
There will always be something that
we shall wish to have finished, and be,
nevertheless, unwilling to begin.
A good man will be doing good
wheresoever he is. His trade is a
compound of charity and justice.
Foolishness places itself in the fore,
most rank to be observed; intelligence
stands in the hindmost to observe.
There is always hope in a man that
actually and earnestly works. In idle
ness alone is there perpetual despair.
If you wish to appear agreeable in
society, you must consent to be taught
many things which you know already.
Tfle Mininff rrospector.
The genus prospector, a man of'
medium bight, a rather lightly butt
5rmly-knit frame, age anywhere be
tween twenty-five and thirty-five, a
line face, gentle but firm, bronzed with
Exposure to many a fierce storm, stamp
ed with the unmistakable expression
impressed on the features of those who,
day after day, stand face to face with
danger and death, a face that a girl in
distress will turn to without hesitation;;
that a rowdy will turn from with fea
and hatred. His first movement be
trays the frontiersman. A rapid pierc
ing glance around the park, neither
human foe nor edible game being in
sight, his next glance is to tho sky.
Apparently satisfied with the inspec
tion, his first Citre is to tend to his jaGk
or "burro," to use the mountain phrase;,
then having liberated the burro with a
drag on the end of his rope which wil
effectually prevent his straying from
that park, he turns to hid fire, blows it
into a blaze, puts on his coffee pot to
boil, and then to his toilet. ThrGO
inches of comb, two square incLes ol
looking glass, a coarse towel, a piece of
yeliow soap, a tooth brush, and the
toilet table is furnished. Now follow
him to the dressing-room; a dozen stepsi
down the creek takes him to where a
little dam has formed a erystal pool!
Down on the moss-covered rocks goesi
the broad white hat, tho collar of thei
blue flannel shirt is rolled back disclos
ing the neck and chest of an athlete.
Oh how cold, how refreshing, how in
vigorating the water is, fresh from the
snow above. The toilet is finished;
breakfast is the next consideration.
The coffee having boiled is placed om
one side to settle; the bacon fried, thei
batter for a pile of "slap-jacks" beatem
up, he fries one of the abominations'
throwing it into the air and catching
it on the reversed side with tho precis
ion of an old timer, and now ho plunges
into the tent and emerges with tlio
"chuck box," or in English, ''mesai
chest," into the innermost recesses Oil
which he dives, and from the conglom
eration of cartridges, buckskin thongs,
steel traps, needles and thread, sailor'ff
palm, mineral specimens, three or four
letters, a book very torn and dirty, j
pair of Mexican spurs, odds and ends
eLMFinuetc, etc., produces a small
half gallon can of syrup) 'ana b?VfffirJl
is ready and tho table is set. To dis
patch the meal takes but a little while.
Short as the time is, however, it is not
wasted, for observe the upturned face,
the eager searching glance, peak after
peak is scanned, formation, color noted!
until apparently satisfied with tho in
spection. The meal is finished, plate
and cup washed and put away; the
morning pipe is lit and smoked while he
goes through his pockets to seo if his
outfit is complete, matches, compassi
knife, magnifying glass, till safe;
Catching up the burro and picketing!
him on fresh grass finishes the morn
ing chores and wo aro ready for tiiei
There is a story of a candidate for. ni
Yorkshire borough addressing the elec
tors in flattering terms, and telling,
them that for "the hope of being their
representative he had given up valua
ble prospects in India, and travelled!
many hundreds of miles." "What as
jolly fool you must be," was the un
sympathetic remark of one of the Growdl
The sperk r had, in fact, returned toi
England because lus prospects in Indiai
ha proved delusive. Exaggerators oil
th;s class have been held up to derlfi
sion for centuries. Lando (sixteenth
century) tells of an Italian ecclesiastic
who was so given to drawing the long
bow that his friends openly deridedl
his tales. He at last hired a simple
country lad, whose whole duty it was
to stand behind his master's chair audi
corroborate his anecdotes. The boy;
did his work for a time ; but at length)
his employer ventured on a tale soi
' amazing that the honest servant start
led the company by exclaiming, "Nay,
master, take back my livery ; I cannot
swear to that." Epitaphs offer a very
usual field for exaggeration. Few
imitate the sensible conciseness of an
inscription in a Hampshire church,
where the survivor merely adds, after
the name of the ieceased,"To those who
knew him a narration of his virtues
would be needless ; to those who knew
him not it would be tedious" a fact
too often lost sight of by the writers
of monumental inscriptions.
Faots themselves may bo presented
in a light which exaggerates them to
the listener. Boswell once praised the
profuse hospitality of a gentleman
who "never entertained less than a
thousand in the course of a year.
That is to say, about three persons
dined with him daily." Both "ways of
putting it" were true, but they convey
ed widely different meanings. Zoj
U . V
i .' ' !