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Home Rule, Justice. Equality and-Recognition according io Merit.
5 cents per copy,,
WASHINGTON, D. 0., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1883.
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JOHN F. ELLIS & 00.
937 Pennsylvania Avenue, Near Tenth Street
piajstos A.isrD orglajsts
For Sale at Reasonable Prices, on Easy Terms
Swung, Bopaiiing und Moving promptly attended to. Cornets. Violins. Fmtes
Guitars, and everything in the musio line for
CA.SB Oit OIST INSTALMENTS.
LONDON MISFIT STORE,
m F STREET, OPPOSITE MASOHIC TEMPLE.
MAS TH3S DAY
1 eluding Men's, 13oTs's, Youths' mid Children's, direct from Headquarters,
- w York rity. These goods must be sold, regardless of cost or value. Our
! i,ivs fur .Men's Overcoats are as follows:
hiM (Iiink of this bargain Splendid Men's Diagonal overcoats, $5.50.
Look at this bargain Elegant Chinchillas, Blue and 131ack, $5.50.
Bettor Bargains Blue, Black and Grey Meltons at $0.50.
N.I! gi eater among them are 100 at $8.40, without a doubt would be cheap
Wr also ca!ll your special attention to our great variety of Ulsters and Ulster-
".. . w hi eli we name at the low price of $:3.
5U0 Children's Overcoats at $1.G2.
oU0 Children's Vlsters at $2.S7.
sialic no mistake and come to the
OHIG1NAL X.OiSri30jV iklSPIT 8TORE'
c.)l hy Streof. Opposite Masonic Temple,
SIX HOOKS FIfcOM NINTH STREET.
pm !! Illl I.I IWMIIII .1 I ' ! I 'III ?&''. CT
lV ' ".l." 1
i ,'iA-'v)iarf?gaaaa'-ig.cw.- - -
fa fS ew h 3 1 f a w 3
!j SIMPLE 1
,2 VT r-- n Ml
' ' i"a iiv b iifl fivft .-
-i ATLANTA . a A
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A Cnve ;f Son 3ions.
A of snio iihlv a allied stones
..llcudi-d a lamlisiu pla' and we were at
' nmutii i.i" alaijfc lavcrn, and near a
' i.iwl Mum lv the walL-r through a
f rock. A railroad train could
through this tunnel at low tide; at
' ; tide it is sacred to the wild waves
'I lu.akers. To the right there is a
'" .n.l such a den. too! Here were
Vl it h ;,t 2UU little sea-Iiun pups or
1 - r. .llinjr simi tunibling over the rocks,
' !. uiieoiiK'jiius of our presence. It
1 '"t until a shot had been lired and
1 - tin-own at them that the large sea
J - I' .inn.- alarmed. They were not
'' '"' and umde no at tempt to protect
1L' ".uiy. (hi theeonlmry. as soon
' ? -- - a w s looking into their nursery,
lL' ' . .. loud lmrks.'snorts or roars, and
"'-i lrj, into the water, which rose
'' I' II in loamy breakers at the mouth
: 1... Ue. A hundred could have
ii . .m-ht with ease, so stupid did they
'1 " -SfWrf JJarbmi (Oat.) Press.
An Hiiipcrial SI range J.
a tramp, uud lu stood before
.rdimr caterday in the Ess.-x
' ' ' ' pohee jiourt eharged with intoxi-
'Wliat is your name V asked
' 'Hh. prisoner made no reply.
il' ' iovn iJohn Uoe or Prince Jiis-
Ntid the justice. Tcs," re-
" ' tin- tramj), "I'm a prince of
"i itlood." "You are a prince of
- :ttd beer, and are lined $10."
' more than the royal exchequer
' :tjv judge; you are severe on the
'''' and the door of the ten-day
i - i, . , i j behind, the imperial stranger.
I?. EILLXS & CO..
THE HOME DOCTOR.
T :. .(...w1 lirf i.i rnniiliiic wliinli rnncf.
i ii ta cuuuu iiiui in iumnii.j .i.v... .....w
their own colYue diphtheria cannot get a
foothold, as the pungent arouia of the
roasting coffee effectually destroys the
germs of the disease.
Good sometimes comes of evil. The
French invasion of Tonquin has led to
the discovery of a plant, so it is said, that
will cure hydrophobia, leprosy and the
biles of rentiles. It is called in the Ana-
mite language "hoanguan," and is itself a
poison unless the poison is present wlncu
it is intended to antidote, so that the
physician would have to be certain in Ida
diagnosis. Dr. Footc II tilth Monthly.
Epry one knows how diflicult it is to
induce a patient to take codliver oil and
how the taste is abhorred by most
people. A perfectly simple way to pre
pare it is to drop the desired dose into
a little glas3 of cold water; the oil will
form a globule that is easily swallowed.
Take a swallow of cold water; then
drink rapidly from the glass, keep the
mouth closed tightly for a minute, and
when you open it you will be surprised
to find that no unpleasant taste is left in
The ShaTcer Manifesto has the follow
ing; Half a teaspoouful of common
table salt dissolved in a little cold water
and drank will instantly relieve heart
burn or dyspepsia. If taken every
morning before breakfart, increasing the
quantity gradually to a teaspoonful to a
glass of water, it will in a few days cure
any ordinary case of dyspepsia, if at the
same time due attention is paid to the
diet. There is no better remedy than
the above for constipation; no better
gargle for sore throat. It is equal to
chlorate, of potash, and is entirely safe.
It may be used as often as desired, and if
a little is swallowed each time it will
have a beneficial effect on the throat by
cleansing it and allaying the irritation.
In doses of one to four teaspoonfuls hi
half a pint to a pint of tepid water it
acts promptly as an emetic; water in
cases of poisoning is always at hand. It
is an excellent remedy for bites and
stings of insects. It is a valuable
astringent for hemorrhages, particularly
for bleediog after the extraction of a
tooth. It has both cleansing aud heal-iu-
properties, and is therefore a most
excellent application for superficial
The Riches of Arizona.
Governor Tritie, of Arizona, has made
a report upon the progress an develop
ment of that Territory. The Territory
now claims a population of 75,000 and
$20,000,000 in taxable property. The
dangerous and disturbing elements
which have been such forcible factors in
checking progress are now well under
control. The value of the gold and sil
ver products for the vear ended Decem
ber 81, 1882, is $5,208,267, against
$8,108,760 in 18S1. The yield of copper
in 1882 was 15,000,000 pounds. The
combined value of the silver and copper
product for 1SS3 will be between fifteen
and sixteen millions of dollars.. This
will place Arizona second on the list of
bullion producers. Figures are given
showing that a herd of 100 head of cat
tle will in live vears, by natural increase,
number 302 head. The number of sheep
in the Territory is placed at 800,000,
producing 2,400,000 pounds of wool
yearly- Congress is asked to provide for
the boring of artesian wells, for a geo
logical sufvev, for the erection of a capi
tot for an increase of pay of territorial
lejrislators, -and for a fourth United
1 States judge.
Somq of its
The Magazine of American History
glve3 us the history of Thanksgiving
day and its origin. Prom tho papers
we learn that the earliest thanksgiv
ing service was held by the Church of
England men. The Popham colonists,
who, August 9, 1607 (O.S.) landed
upon Monhegan, near the Kennebec,
and under the shadow of a high cross,
listened to a sermon by Chaplain Sey
mour, "giving good thanks for our
happy meetings and safe arrival in the
2f oxt we pass to Plymouth, whore in
1621, the autumn after the arrival, a
notable thanksgiving was held. The
brief accounts present a joyous picture.
As we learn from "Winslow, the har
vest being gathered, the governor
"sent four men out fowling, that so
we might, after a special manner, re
joice together," and the traditional
turkey was added to the abundant
venison. The people gave themselves
up to recreation, and the great chief
Massasoit was feasted for three days
with his ninety swarthy retainers.
Possibly on this first Plymouth
thanksgiving, there was more carous
ing than w suppose, while there is
not the slightest indication of any re
ligious observance. Massasoit and his
braves, no doubt, enjoyed it all greatly,
as the thanksgiving idea was enter
tained by the Indians before their con
tact with the whites, and in their cele
brations there was much excess. How
much "comfortable warm water" the
grave and reverend elders themselves
consumed during those three days of
jollity, Bradford does not say.
In 1622 there is no mention of
thanksgiving, but in 1623 a day was
kept, not, however, in tho autumn its
a harvest festival, but in July, upon
the arrival of some provisions. After
this nothing more is heard of thanks
giving at Plymouth for nearly half a
century. So far as the colonial rec
ords go, they indicate that the day did
not find a revival until 1668, when
there was some kind of a thanksgiv
ing. Again, June 27, 1689, there was
a thanksgiving for the accession of
"William and ilarv. In 1690 an au
tumal thanksgiving was held, and the
next year Plymouth colony was merg
ed in Massachusetts, and so passes out
of the story. If any festival can be
said to have been established, it was
established in imitation of the-customs
across the sea. Distinct religious
societies, however, may have kept oc
casional thanksgivings, as the people
at Barnstable observed thanksgiving
on December 22, 1636, and Decem
ber 11, 1639.
In the Massachusetts colony the
first thanksgiving was held at Boston,
July S, 1630, it being a special occa
sion, having no reference to harvests.
Again, in Februarj', 1631, there was a
thanksgiving, as already noticed. In
tho October following a thanksgiving
was held for the safe arrival of "Mrs.
"Winthrop and her children." In these
appointments we do not find the
thanksgiving that we know to-day,
nor do we detect any fell design
against Christmas. In 1632, on Juno
5, there was a thanksgiving for the
victories in the Palatinate, and in Oc
tober another for the harvest. 1 n 1637
there was a thanksgiving for victory
over the Pequots, and in 1638 for the
arrival of ships and for tho harvest.
The thanksgiving days from 163-1
to 1681, numbered about twenty-one,
or less than one in every two years.
The celebration of 1676 had special
reference to the victory over King
Philip. Prom this period until tho
revolution, a thanksgiving of some
kind occurred nearly every other year,
and even twice in the same year, as in
1742. Some of these days were ap
pointed by the royal governors, while
again they were ordered by the King
or Queen or by the home board of
After the close of the revolution a
tendency to make Thanksgiving day a
regular institution in Xew York, was
at once apparent, and Gov. John .lay,
in 1795, issued a proclamation for the
11th of November. The act, however,
was seized upon by politicians, who
maintained that he was seeking to Hat
ter religious prejudices.
At an early period, also, the Mayors
of New York were accustomed to ap
point a day of thanksgiving, in accord
ance with the recommendations of the
council, and that of December 16,
1799. appears to have been the first so
ordered. Yet the observance of the
dav until Gov. Clinton's time was
more or less broken. The festival
was kept, however, by Episcopalians,
according to the provisions of the
prayer-book, other religious bodies at
the same time following their own
preferences. Clinton's course, like
Jav's, excited criticism. At the east
end of Long Idand there was no little
murmuring because' the day did not
coincide with the local custom. It ap
pears that the people of Enat and
Southampton observed thanksgiving
on the Thursday after the cattle were
driven home from the common pas
tures at Montauk Point, the day of the
return of the cattle being fixed annu
ally, with due solemnity, at the town
meeting. Hence there was a collision,
and the herdsmen were divided, striv
ing as the herdsmen of Abram's cattle
strove with those of Lot. But this
was no ca3e of an immovable body op
posed to an irresistible force, and
therefore the opponents of Clinton
gave away, though not without many
expostulations. Here was the begin
ning of the movement whichJ';d to the
first Presidential proclamation ""tion
alizing Thanksgiving day.
Children's Games aud Frolics.
A quiet blind man's buff game which
may be played in the house is known
by tho euphonious name of "Still pond
no moving." One child is blindfolded
and stands in the middle of the room,
counting a hundred by fives, then calls
out "Still pond no moving." Tho
others hide in some part of tho room,
and the one who is "it" gropes about
until he catches some one, whom hg
must name. If any one moves, then
he is blindfolded and has to be "it."
A lady in Brooklyn, who ha3 four
little girls and three small boys, has a
game for them called "Housekeeping."
Every morning they clean up their
nursery. Two of them have little
brooms and they do the sweeping,
while a little tot of three years in a
pink cap and apron takes lip the dust
in a tiny dust-pan. The boys move
the furniture about and then they all
dust. They also dust the two parlors
every morning, and seldom break an'
thing. This is good exerriso for theirr
and they enjoy it greatly. No grown
up person bothers them while they
work, but their mother inspects it and
points out improvements after it is
"Oh, how I wish it. was warm
weather, so tho children could play
out doors!" is an exclamation often
heard during the months of cold
weather. But the many hours a child
spends indoors during winter ought
lobe filled with play oan amusing
and instructing character. In the
first place do not forbid the children
tho kitchen, for in that most busy
room of tho house they may learn many
useful things; and what child does
not like to see cakes and pies made,
and have the dish the cake was mixed
in after the cake is in the oven, or
make a little pie or cake of his own
out of a piece of dough?
Another mother in the city who has
a large family of children has a game
for them which they play every night.
It is called "Circus" by the children
and affords an excellent opportunity
for exercise. They all form in a
straight lino with their arms folded
behind them, and march backward and
then forward to gay music played by
their mother, singing some simple
music, such as
"Six little children all in a row,
Backward, forward, hero we all go."
Then they place the hands clasped
over the head and march again sing
ing; then they place their hands on
each other's shoulders and march. One
child recites a little poem every night,
and is crowned with a wreath of fiow
ers, the children forming a circle about
her and singing. Then the father
holds a spelling match, over which
they have great fun, after which they
sing a hymn and go off to bed, their
eyes sparkling with fun and exercise,
and their memories, voices and lungs
gaining strength by the game.
A useful and instructive game for
children -a little older is called "Find
ing." Each one has a map, say of
Asia, or they all cluster around a big
map. Some one of them says "Find
Pekin." Then they hunt for it and
whoever finds it first and locates it
properly has the next turn. iVew
The Laws of Trade.
"Twenty-three dollars for that 'ere
stove'?" she exclaimed, before a Wall
Street News man, as she held up hei
hands in horror.
"But iron is down."
"I've seen in the papers during the
last month where as many a3 six big
iron companies have failed."
"Well, that ought to make stoves
cheaper, and I know it."
"Madam, in the last two months
death has laid his hand upon as many
as twenty-live young 'uns in this
"Yes, poor things."
"But are nursing-bottles any cheap
er than three months ago?"
"N-o," she slowly admitted.
"Of course not, madam. The laws
of trade are immutable. The best I
can do is to throw in a horseradish
grater, if you take the stove at $23."
Bless tlic Average IVoinnn.
The wisest men unite in the belief
that intensely intellectual women are
not always the most desirable com
panions. Auerbach, in "On the
Heights," describes the Countess Irma
with all her wit, grace and beauty
as "an unspeakably fatiguing woman,
requiring an everlasting firework dis
play of mind." Pyrotechnic displays
are wonderful and delightful, but an
eternal Fourth of July, mental or
material, would soon wear out the
staunchest man. Bless the dull day
and the average woman. Each has I
its niche to fill.
The Beautiful Woman.
There is a woman whose whole
nature is beautiful, and, being beauti
ful, is noble, chaste and true; whose
life is the outward expression of the
inward thought, and who cannot
choose but set forth the lesson of love
liness drunk in with her very being;
whose mind makes itself seen as much
in the graceful fashion of her dress as
in the sweet words which fall from her
lips, as much in the rhythmic offering
of her household as .in the glorious
teachings of her children. Such a
woman gathers round her forms of
beauty, both outward as well as spirit
ual, as llowers gather dew by night to
fashion it into living food bv dav
She is never heard to use a vulgar
word, never known to do a graceless
deed, nor seen to prefer a meaner
taste. Her soul is a noble lyric set to
gentle music, a low, sweet chant with
words of love for the cathedral verses.
This is the woman who elevates and
purifies, and whose lessons of beauty
and outward harmony have a deeper
meaning than lies on the surface, and
spring from a nobler source tiian mere
artistic taste. Proridvnw Journal.
'1 lie lOnunueiiicnt Itinc.
About the happiest day in the life
of a young lady is the day upon which
she receives an engagement ring.
he will hold her hand up and look at
the ring from all points and admire it,
and assure Adolphus that he is just
too awful nice for anvthing for giving
it to her. And she always wears it
'that day, no matter what happens. Tf
tho ring is too large for her, she
will ram bits of wood under it, just as
a boy puts branches of trees and other
things under his skate straps to keep
his skates on. And, after she gets it
fixed to suit her, she starts out to call
on her friends. They will know be.
fore she arrives that she has received
a ring, and are on the qui vive. They
either tell her it is very pretty, or else
pretend not to notice it at all, in
either of which cases the recipient of
the ring is delightful beyond descrip.
tion. Because if they compliment her
she thinks that they are affecting an
indifference to her good luck that
they do not feel, and that they will
tear her to pieces after her departure.
And if thev don't sav a word or
notice the ring the voung ladv knows
that they are wild with envy, and
would give their ears to be in her
place. And she is glad to think that
she has destroyed their happiness.
And she calls on everv one she knows
and removes her gloves at every
house, even if she remains therein but
two minutes. Puck.
Velvet is all the rage.
The favorite balmoral skirt is black
Wool costumes are the correct street
Silk underclothing is very much
Paris affects English fashions at tho
Steel soutache appears among metal
Blouse effects on tight waists re
main in favor.
Nasturtium red is a fashionable
color for bonnets.
The newest shopping bags are made
of undyed sealskin.
Common-sense laced shoes are the
most popular for street wear.
Long tight-fitting sacques of Jersey
cloth are much worn by young ladies.
Mitts of soft black wool will be
fashionable this winter, worn over kid
Parisian dressmakers discard all
sleeves except the close coat sleeve for
Waistcoats of all kinds, superimposed
on the bodice or corsage, grow more
and more popular.
Colored flannel skirts edged with
woolen lace are preferred to white
ones or balmorals.
Fedora waistcoats are sometimes
made of black and white Spanish lace
or Escurial lace scarfs.
Parisians are combining velvet with
Yictorienne, Sicilienne, and Bengaline
for carriage costumes.
The Jersey is condemned by the
Princess of Wales, but it enjoys high
favor in Paris and in New York.
Tucks are used to excess by some
dressmakers, even velvet llounces be
ing trimmed with two or three tucks.
Some of the new greens combine
beautifully with other colors, and are
becoming alike to the dark and the
All, or nearly all, basques have
waistcoats. These are of soft silk or
satin on heavy cloth and velvet
Velvet llounces have deep hems,
which are so heavily stitched as to be
plainly visible even when the llounces
are thickly pleated.
Velvet dresses are full, but in the
more elegant costumes they are made
so by extra breadths of the material,
and not by llounces.
Imported cloth suits are elaborately
made of several contrasting materials,
such as cloth anil velvet, cloth and
satin, or Sicilienne.
Long pelisses, made of finely
checked tweeds or cheviots, and trim
med with live-inch bands of fur. will
be much worn upon the promenade
Scarfs, panels, either plain or kilted
sashes, waistcoats, ami Watteau tunics
made of 1 Ionian striped or plaided
merveillux, are again worn as acces
sories to dresses of a dark mono
chrome. Silver clover leaves covered with
tiny diamond -clappings, made to
resemble drops of dew. are among the
new designs in fancy jewelry, tho set
consisting of lace-pin, ear-rings, hair j
ornament, slide, and bangle bracelets.
A Salt Lake on Top of a Mountain.
There is a remarkable salt lake, sit
uated one hundred and fifty miles
west and south of Albuquerque, in
New Mexico, and about liftv mile
from the Arizona line. The lake is
located on the top of a volcanic moun
tain, 'ind evidently occupies an extinct
crater. The 1 ike is, perhaps, three
quarters of a mile in diameter, and is
so strongly impregnated with salt, that
a thick crust of pure white salt of a
spongy consistency, like lloating ice,
encrusts the margin. It is so plentiful
that it is carried away by the wagon
load. It has been long used by the
Indians. The salt is white, of the
purest quality and destitute, of sand or
any foreign ingredient. Tho texture
is porous, much like congealed white
foam. There was ono specimen in
closing the stem of some vegetable and
could be handled like an apple by its
stem. But the most curious feature
of this lake is a tall circular column,
of monument-shaped formation, which
rose up near the centre of the lake to
the height of one hundred feet, and
which appeared to be made or white
lava, thrown up by some convulsion
during some ancient geological period.
The outside of this singular column
sloped from the base toward the top,
and was rough enough to be ascended.
On reaching the top of the cone the in
terior was found to be hollow, like a
tube, and at the bottom there was
seen a circular pond of water, with a
bright emerald green color in appear
ance, probably to be attributed to the
sparse rays of light which penetrated
this huge tube, and .were retlected
from the smooth, mirror-like surface
of the water. A party with some dif
ficulty descended the projecting sides
of the bowl, and they found no incrus- j
tation of salt on the surface like that
on the outside, but on thrusting the
hand into the water and withdrawing
it, the hand came out perfectly white
from the particles of salt that adhered
to it. It was evidently a very strong
Burnsitle aud the Dispatch-Carrier.
Referring to a volume from the pen
of Mrs. Clark, the widow of a southern
lawyer, the Chicago Inter-Quean's
Boston correspondent says that in
early life she was engaged to be mar
ried to General Burnside, and that she
actually went to the altar with him,
but there changed her mind. The two
only met once after that. It was when
she was carrying important despatches
to Jefferson Davis. She had baked a
panful of raised buscuits and hidden
the despatches in thern. Having been
arrested on suspicion, and, knowing
that CJeneral Burnside had command
of the nearest division of the northern
army, she demanded that she should be
taken before him. He recognized her.
She said she was going to Mobile and
wanted a discharge and a pass. He
hesitated a moment, and then wrote
out a pasj in silence, and gave it to
her. "Does that contain your
luncheon?" he inquired, pointing to a
small basket that she carried in her
hand. "Vc' "Let me see it." She
opened the basket, displaying the bis
cuit. "Wll you try one, General?
They're pretty hard." The General
rejected the proffer, and ordered a gocd
dinner for her, and then himEelf put
her on the cars.
Glowius Expectation of the ;reat IIIsg
When the settlement of Dakotai
shall have been completed and this
will not require many years at the
rate at which population is pouring
into that territory at present the
business of founding new States in the
west and north-west will be virtually
ended. The St. Louis RopuMwn
says: Wyoming, Montana, Washing?
ton, Utah, Xew Mexico and Arizona;
the already organized territories, will
gradually and slowly develop into full
Hedged members, of the Union., but
there will be no more such ama'Jng
settlements as we have seen on the fat
wheat lands of Dakota. Every new
State in the west and northwest h
been successively the receptacle ofT an
immense tide of immigration which
converted it in a few years from a wil
derness into a full panoplied State;
But it will not be a great while before
the choice lands t! at have attracted!
immigrants to the Northwest will!
have been taken up, and then immi
gration, instead of flowing in one deep;,
strong tide in one direction, will break
up into many smaller streams andlilbw
over the Mississippi Valley Sfcatesi
These States are not yet fully seli&Uidfc,
they are not half settled. Missouri
has a popidation of a little over 2,(i)Q(i)jr
000; it may have 4,000,000' audi stilll
be only half settled. Farming hmdbi
in the Mississippi Valley States dk iwb
command half their real value, am?1
the reason of it is that the immigna
tion from Europe to this country is ofl
a character that seeks very low-pr-tcudl
lands, without regard to situation, and!
so it has gone into Kansas, Nebraska,
Minnesota and Dakota. Kufc farming!
lands are cheaper in Missouri audi
parts of Illinois, all things consideri'd1,,
at $10.00 to $25.00 per acre than they
are in the remote northwest at $11.25;
for in Missouri and Illinois are to bet
found churches, schools, roaite, settled!
society, cities, towns, adjacent manu
factories, mines and good markets
advantages which are cheaply estimat
ed at 20 cents a bushel on all the graini
raised on a farm. The settlement of
the Northwest will not arrest immi
gration, but it will cause it to deposit
itself in the States bordering on the
Mississippi river. The tendency of
people to move westward cannot be
arrested. Euroxieans will continue to
come to our shores; thousands of them
will settle in the Atlantic States; in
deed, they are doing this already, andi
the manufacturing and mining dis
tricts in New England and Pennsylva
nia are rapidly filling up with foreign
ers, and the native farmers ofi the
East thus displaced will steadily movei
into this valley and occupy the lands)
now overlooked in the eager murchi toi
tho far West.
How Walkingr-Cnnes are Made.
The manufacture of canes is by not
means tho simple process of cutting,
the sticks in the woods, peeling offi the
bark, whittling down the knots, sand
papering the rough surface, aiul add
ing a touch of varnish, a curiquely
carved handle or head, and tipping tho
end with a ferrule. In the sand llatst
of New Jersey whole families support
themselves by gathering nanneberry
sticks, which they gather in the
swamps, straighten with an okl vise;
steam over an old kettle, and perhaps
scrape down or whittle into size. These
are packed in large bundles to New
York city and sold to tho cane facto
ries. Many imported sticks, however,
have to go through a process ofi
straightening by mechanical means;,
which are a mystery to the uninitiated!
They are buried in hot sand until they
become pliable. In front of the heap
of hot sand in which the sticks are
plunged, is a stout board from five to
six feet long, fixed at an angle inclin
ed to the workmen, and having two or
more notches cut in the edge. When
the stick becomes perfectly pliable, the
workman places it on one of ths notch
es, and, bending it in the opposite di
rection to which it is naturally bent,
straightens it. The sticks, apparently
crooked, bent, warpwl and worthless;
are by this simple process straighten
ed ; but the most curious part ofi thei
work is observed in the formation ofi
the crook or curl for the handles whiahi
are not naturally supplied with awhoote
or knob. The workman places turn end!
of a c;ine firmly in a viae, andi pciitroi ix
continuous stream of fire from, a- gasi
pipe on the part whi-h into )M& fcentf.
When sufficient heat haw been, applied'
the cane is pulled slowly amll gWHl'imli
ly round until the hook m pktelfy
formed, and then secured wWh it string;
An additional applkafeivn heat
serves to bake and pernmiwntry ffexj Wife
curl. The under part of lh handlte m
frequently charred by tie action ofi the
gas, and this is rubbed tkmni withi
sandpaper until the requisite d&gEeofif
smoothness is atUifnedl Aimritam