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Published every Saturday at 1109 I street
northwest, Washington, D. 0.
Entered at the Postofflce at Washington
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We disclaim ny responsibility for state
ments expressed by our correspondent
.neither do we indorse all they Bay.
Correspondence on living topics is solicited
hut to have attention must he hrier.
Communications for publication must
e accompanied with the writer's name
Not necessarily tor publication, but a
guarantee of good faith.
W. CALVIN CHASE, Editor.
Never condemn a man
you have beard both sidts.
- Men are often charged with a
crime that has been committed
"Watch the man who has al
ways samething to tell which
some one else says.
Drs. J. R. Frances, F. J. Shadd
or J. F. is. Wilkinson would
make good school officers.
Senatois Logan, Everetts and
others should not be condemned
for not investigating Senator
Payne of Ohio,
Don't pass judgement on us un
til you have heard all sides of the
school question. Theie will Ie a
time wi.en the wronged will be
righted. "Wait a while, the time is
The Ghattanoga Tribune Gate
Oitv Press aud Boston Advocate
condemned the review
Negro pi ess. That is
on the I
since we am not class tnem among
the big guns.
The Commissioners will be re
quested, it is reported, to re-appoint
ex-trustee J. H. Smith on
theschool boaid. He has been
the most conscientious tiustee that
hi.s ever been on the school boai d.
x GONE AT LAST.
Among the many trustees whose
resignations have met with univer
sal appreciation and applause, is
that of Mr. John H. Brooks, trus
tee of the 7th school division. We
must admit that he was one of the
smartest trustees that we have had
but his manner towards the teach
ers and people made him obnoxious.
His resignation and its acceptance
bv the Commissioners were no sur
prise to us. Mr. Brooks while a
member of the District legislature,
was instrumental in defeating the
"formal school bill, which would
have benefited the colored people.
His course towards lady teachers
was tyranical ; he could not see the
wrongs of some and others he
could see. Now that there are
two vacancies in the schools, one
in the county and the other iu the
city, we offer this suggestion to the
Commissioness : appoiut J. B. Fran
cis to succeed Mr, Brooks, he is a
man of reputation and character
and will be acceptable to the peo
ple. A GOOD
BEGINING FOR THE
Mai. Walker the new Chief of
Police issued his first official gener
al order to the department late
Saturday afternoon. The older is
based on the report of the fiudiugs
of the police trial board in the case
of Officer Dunuington of the First
precinct, tried June 23rd for acci
dently shooting a colored man
named John Battle while firing at
au escaping prisoner in South
Washington about one month ago.
The report ot the board was some
what of a surprise to the officer
and at the same time is a severe
warning to the other members of
the force who handle their revolv
.R4V i X&E-. .fclTJ
I'll ft .4SSE mm.
ers and batons in a reckless man
- " ner. In addition to informing Offi-
cer Duunington that he shall reim
burse the wounded man for the
time lost the report orders that he
shall be reprimanded and reminded
that a tepitition will work bis dis
missal from the force. Exchange.
Major, do simply justice to the
colored people, and they will ever
honor aud respect yon aud the laws
that you are to vindicate.
J. T.MINTONOFS. C.
It seems that there is a bitter
leeling on the part of the people
against Mr. J. T. Mint on, ofS. O ,
of a rumor that ihe board ot
echool trustees intended to appoint
him an associate teacher in the
High school. It will be remem
bered that Mr. Minton was dis
charged from the treasury Depart
ment for causes known to himcelf
and the senator from South Caro
lina. We have no doubt of Mr
Minton's clerical abi!ity but we
do doubt his ability to be a teach
er in the High school. For the
benefit of our readers, the public
and the many who have called to
this office in regaid to the matter,
we desire to state that Mr. Hugh
M. Brown of this city will be nom
nated for the p- si l u and a lady
of the corps of teucheis assigned to
duty in that schoul. It is not
likely that Mr. Minton will heap
pointed to any position in the
public schools. The gentleman
who urged the trustees to appoint
Mr. Minton, has made a mistake
and we adviee him to, as an ad
mirer of his, make no further re
quest. The people do not want
Mr. Minton, and while we have
the utmost respect for him we be
lieve that our schools should be
clear of politicians. The public
schools must not be made a refuge
for discharged government
ployes. Mr. Brown is acceptable
to the trustees and people and no
one aj predates his ajpointment
more than the people.
OUR WEEKLY REVIEW.
IS THE NEGRO PhESS A FAILURE.
DOUGLASS' NORTH STAR. FRED.
DOUGLASS7 TAPER iC. WHY THE
NATIONAL ERA FAILED. THE BANK
RING AND PRDMISARY KOT12S.
NEGRO TREACHERY. OTHER NEWS
PAPERS AND EDITORS. THE COMING
PRESS CONVENTION. RISE AND
FALL OF NEGRO JOURNALISM.
Indeed, it has been said that the
e&r0 press is a failure. The dec
laration is very oroau aim one tunc
we don't endorse. It has been but
a few years since the Negro has
been permitted lo exercise a por
tion of that right guaranteed by
the constitution of the United
States, and therefore it is uot pre
sumed that he would be able in
such a short period to equal jour
nals edited bv white men.
North Star was established in 1847,
at a time when it was worth a
man's soul to edit a paper iu the
interest of the colored race. Julia
Griffith, a white lady of education,
aided Mr. Douglass some. The
name was subsequently changed to
Fred. Dou class' paper, which con
tinued till 1866. After its death
Fred. Douglass' monthly was pub
lished. This paper was mauaged
by Mr. Lewis H. Douglass, while
Fred. Douglass Jr., and two ap
prentices did all the type settiug.
Frederick Douglass, Jr. is a geu-
uis. ne is a man or aouity ana
true to friends. The race is much
indebted to him for his uutiring
efforts to keep his father's papers
alive, in the interest ot his race,
Douglass, monthly was a 16 page
paper, which was well made up
and edited with ability. Young
Fred. Douglass did a great deal of
work during the existance of his
father's papers. After the suspen
sion of Douglass7 monthly the new
National Era wasestablisued. The
was inaugurated to destroy the
usefulness of Mr. Douglass and to
kill out his paper. The Era was
originally owned by a white man
and by some means Mr. Douglass
was persuaded to accept of corres
pondent editorship and Ity further
persuasion he accepted the editor
ship of it aud remained on the pa
per one year. Prof. J. P. Sampson
aud other gentlemen was editing
a paper that did a great deal to
breakdown the celebiated JLotus
Club iu which Win. E. Matthews
played a conspicious part. After
Mr. Douglass retired from the Era,
a proposition came from the bank
riug to consolidate the Era and
Citizens, with the understanding
that the bank ring could control
or would give the Era $30,000
worth of printing per year. This
proposition was accepted which
THE ERA AND CITIZEN
with Lewis H. Douglass as editor.
The bank ring gave certain prom
issory notes according to the
statement of Observer, in. the Era
of March 19th, 1874 who states
that Charles N. .Thomas, J. H".
Cook, Win. E. Augusta, otherwise
"Pete," Geo. D. Johnsou all deceas
ed, Thomas S. Boston, R. T. Green
er, gave their uotes for a certain
amount of stock. When the notes
became matured these gentlemen
backed out and refused to honor
their obligation. The writers of
the paper were Green, Barbadoes,
Sella Martin, with Lewis H. Doug
lass as editor. The last named
gentleman, Mr. Douglass, is a fine
writer. His editorials were copied
by the leading journals in the coun
try and certain geutlemon who en
vied the ability of young Douglass,
would often send marked copies,
of Douglass' editorials to Massa
chusetts, to friends, claiming that
the article written by Douglass,
was his owu. The gentleman who
eudeavored to steal Douglass'
thunder was a Harvard graduate.
being jealous of the popularitj' of
the Douglasses, next schemed
to overthrow the Era and Citi
zen which was done. The alleged
trustees ordered the court to issure
an injunction and James T. Worm
ley was appointed receiver, u hi ;h
caused the paper to be suspended
for three weeks from Feb. 20th to
March 19th, 1S74. The trustees
in their attempt to kill the Era.
The paper was resurrected nude,
the title of Douglass and Brothers
these hoys liquidated an indebted
ness of $32,000 ; and when it sus
pended for good, which was Octo
ber 22nd '74, it was in debt to the
amount of $1700. The paper had
changed its name from the Era
and Citizen to the New National
Era, its original name. There has
been no paper published since the
Negro has been permitted to exer
cise the fre-dom as a journalist,
that had the character and stand
ing of Douglass' North Star, -Fred
Douglass' paper and the Era. The
Douglass boys demonstrated their
ability to edit and manage a paper.
They were journals of which the
race should have been proud. It
was the rise of journalism. Even in
this advanced age of Negro jour
nalism, there has not been much
improvement, lrom the time
the North Star existed. The
RISE OF JOURNALISM
was hailed with delight. The great
defenders of the enslaved race de
clared that the Negro possessed
ability and was capable of the high
er branches of education. There, is no
disguising the fact, that the Doug
lasses did not have the interest of
the race at heart. What they made
should not be questioned. The
race has lost a journal that was in
deed a protector to an oppressed
THE COLORED CITIZEN,
a paper edited by Prof. John P.
Sampson, was instrumental in
breaking up one of the most preju
diced Negro institutions in the his
tory of this country. This institu
tion kuowu as the Lotus Club, was
a disgrace to the colored people in
tuis community and the people can
only thank the jtfesrro press for
blotting it out of existance. It was
the bank ring that killed the Era ;
it was the bauk ring that caused
thousands of colored people to suf
fer throghout this country. The
colored people have never support
ed their own journals, which is the
cause of tot having better papers
is edited with ability and can bo
properly styled a religious race
paper. The A. M. E.
edited by Dr. B. T. Tanner, is an
advanced step in journalism. The
review contains the thoughts of the
most learned of the race. Its con
tributors are men of ability and
the articles that appear quarterley
tend to elevate the race in the
higher branches of literature. The
is a paper of much solidity. The
editor of that journal is a wittyand
logical writer. The
of Oxford, N. C,
work. Its aim is to
race. The editors
is doing good
build up the
Messrs M. C.
Ransom aud W. A. Pottillo, are
men of push and refinement. Such
journals as this will benefit the
race. To be Continued
CLARA TO LOUISE.
r. Dear Lou : I suppose you feel
quite elated over the resignation
of trustee Brooks. The Household
last evening was a scene of merri
ment. The girls on the Junior
excursion were more than happy
when Mr. Brooks retirement from
flip sp.ljnnl hnnr1 hvrPHiomn.fi mi wa
I related to them, I never saw such
a happy set in my lite. For over
15 years the people have stood in
fear jof, this man. Now who will
Commissioner Webb appoint to
succeed him. I have several in
view who wUl make good school of
ficers aud I have addressed a letter
to the- Commissioners requesting
the appointment ot this gentlemen.
I know that our school teachers are
more than pleased and will be grat
ified if the Commissioners will ap
point a man who will see that fav
oritism is obliterated from the 7th
occupation is gone. Yes, it has fled
to quarters I know not of, never to
I attended the excursion of the
Junior Excelsiors last Thursday.
I went down in the morning aud
remained all day. I am somewhat
tired now, after dancing all day.
The boys had everything nicely ar
ranged for which they should be
complimented. I don't care very
much for Mt. Vernon for an excur
sion. The hills are too high for
enjoyment. There were some who
di i n't seem to mind the hills or
anything else. I went to the Bal
timore & Potomac depot on Mon
day to see the
CAPITAL CITY GUARD
leave for Harpers Ferry. I regret
that I did uot go, as I was informed
that the order was first class. It is
rumored that the managers have
been requested to repeat it. If sol
shall avail myself of the opportuni
ty. HARPERS EERRY
will be quite gay this year. Of
course quite a number will visit At
lantic City on account of the Press
Convention. The latest report is
that our dear Mr. Upshur will be
united in wedlock, A card has
been handed to me, which states
that Mr. Htlyer is highly pleased
with married life.
SOUTH WASHINGTON NEWS.
L. O. Fletcher, Agent awl Collector.
Tne large funeral services of the
ate Bev. Wm. Gibbons, which
took place at the Ziou Baptist
church, F St., bet. 3d and 4J sts.,
s. w., on Thursday the 1st iust.,
too late for our issue of the 3d,
was witnessed by over 10,000
pe pie, was a creditably arranged
affair. 79 regular clergymen, com
prising ministers of all deuomiua-
tions, paid memorable respects to
the remains of ti.e deceased. The
services were conducted by JRev.
Dr. Brooks of the Nineteenth St.
Baptist church, who preached a
niot eloquent sermon, eutirely ap
propriate, and was both effective
and consoling from 2d Kings, 2:11.
''And it came to pass, us they still
went on, aud talked, that behold
there appeared a chariot of fire
and horses otiire, and parted them
both asunder; aud Elijah went up
by a whirlwind into heaven."
The first hymn was sung by Rev.
Wm. J. -Walker, scriptures read
by Rev. B.. S. Laws, prayer by
B,ev. B. Johnson, singing by the
cnoir, preucmng Dy Jttev. VY. 11.
Brooks. After winch eulogistic
remarks were made by Prof. -King
of Wayland Seminary, and Bev
A. W. Pit zer of Howard Univer
sity; prayer by Prof. V. B. John
son, pastor of the Second chinch,
closing hymu by Bev. T. S. Rob
inson, and benediction by Bishop
Ward. The remains iested in
state un'il 6 a. m. on Friday, when
they were removed theiet'rom
to the depot by Revs. (J. B.
Champ, G-. W Lee, R. A. Reid,
W. H. Phillips and J. H. Welch
as pall bearers, iu charge of under
taker Lee, for Charlottsville, Va.s
e?coited by a committee of Odd
Eellows and Goud Samaritans, ac
companied by Revs. Brooks and
Johnson and a large number of
f 1 lends. They arrived in Char
lottsville at 12:30 p. m., where
they were met by tho Odd Fellows
of that place and escorted to the
First Baptist church, whete the
deceased was formerly pastor,
previous lo his coming to Wash
ington in 18G7. At this church,
the manilest interest by both races
and all denominations we e in all
respects equal to that of the city
of Waahington. The s rong eu
logies by Prof. W. B. Johnson of
the 2ud and 4ih Baptist churches
were considered equal to the two
sermons here aud 111 that place by
the Rev. W. -H Brooks. H.s
features as his picture will show
were much like his manners, par
ticularly haudsome. His .weight
was about 260, weli proportioned,.
bo'h in size 01 body aud miud.
His good common sense far ex
ceeded his literature. He
was a man of letters. It is
strange to say it, but , though in
his 6l8t year yet at the time of
his death he was a Theological
student at the Howard University.
His last sermon was preached at
the Rehoboih Baptist church and
his text was ''The Lord knoweth
how to deliver the Godly out of
temptations." Both at this and
his own church, his peculiar ac
tions were noticeable, but his will
power was strong.
Vacation season has already be
gun, and the first to register at
this office, 1b Bev. S. G. Lam kin.
He left this city for Lynchburgh
and Salem Va., ai'idtbence to Ten
nessee. He will return to this
city the last of July, and the fiist
of August will go to Boston Mass.,
to spend several weeks.
The Fourth of July was joyous
ly sp. nt in this community on
Monday last, blackberries, water
melons, cake and cream, and oth
er delicacies were served to the
child i en during the day, and in
the evening, the oer persons
largely shared the benefits of the
N. E. SEDGWICK, Agent and Reporter, 1315
Rev. P. Rider P. E. preached a
very interesting and instructive
sermon at Mt. Zion M. E. church,
Sunday evening last.
Mrs. Julia Ash ton the newly
elected organist of Mr. Zion chnrch
is very creditably performing her
duties, as was manifested on Sun
The S. S. Union of West Wash
ington, celebrated the 4th of July
on Monday July 5th at Lyon's
The presentation of piizes to the
successful contestants of Ebenezer
church picnic took place Monday
evening last. Dr. C. B. Crusor
presented the prizes. Miss E.
Johnson received the gold watch ;
Mr. Chas. Tilghman the set of bed
turnitnre amount realized $100.
The marriage of Mr. Ralph
Parott and Miss M. Reader, took
place a few evening ago aud they
were entertained at the residence
of Mr. L. Walker.
Mr. Aliff Butler, who was re
ported in last weeks issue to be ly
ing dangerously ill, died Saturday
last. His funeral tooK place from
his residence 1321 27th St., Inter
ment Mt. Zion cemetery.
The friends of Mrs. IT. E. Sedg
wick will be sorry to learn thatj-he
is lying dangerously ill at her resi
dence 2705 Dunbarton Ave.
The West Washington Sabbath
School Union Picnic at Vanness
Park on the 1st iust., was a fine
success. The eold medal that
was awarded to the Junior Cadet
Company reflected great credit
on the Union. The presenta
tion address was delivered by
Mr. R. D. Ruffin, the president.
The speech will be long remem
bered by all who heard i especi
ally the youug men. Mr. Runin
complimented Maj. C. A. Fleet
wood as the great military chief
tain of the colored race. A man
of a large heart, not only willing
to instruct the military, but as
one found ready and willing to aid
religious institutions by the pres
ence of his men. He trained his
men in a manner that they were
never atraid to compete for awy
prize and in every drilLthey were
the wiuner. Iu conclusion I
present this medal to you Maj.
Fleetwood for vour Junior com
pany, in behalf of the West
Washington Sabbath School Un
Maj Fleetwood replied by mak
ing some excellent aud encourag
ing remarks to the S. S. TJniou by
saying that during his command
as Captain and also Major he has
always kept his men in readiueas
to aid by their presence any
religious eutertainment whenever
it was convenient, because the
people always responded willing
ly to him when called upon.
The West Washington S. S.
Union held its election ;on Sun
day afrernoon, in Mt. M. E.
church. After the closinjr of
the annual work, Mr. Ruffin
thanked the members for their
united support during the year
and said e should now retire to
the floor. Many nominations were
made for the presidency. Dr.
C. B. Crusor renominated Mr.
Rutim by words of praise
ot the work done by him in bring
nig about that union of feeling
that should exist in a union and
by g-tliii all the schools in bet
ter condition than they ever were
befiie. Mr. Ruffin declined then
Mr. John H. Fergusou was elect
ed president, Jos. Turner, vice
pres., A. Pope, Sect., H. M. Hew-
j , . ' rn T3V. rr'i
ielt, Ireasury, Robt. Gilmore,
At the "Bee" Office,
1109 I Street, K. W., near llth,
where you can get
AT THE LOWEST CASH FKt
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Benevolent Societies, Social Clubs
Military Organizations, and La
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approved modern styles, enabling
us to execute our work with satis
faction to ail.
We invite you to call and in
spect our office, even if you have
nothing for ns to do.
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A. E. Randle, General Agent,
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