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Entered at the Postofflce at Washington
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Quarter column -
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stitute an inch.
vVe disclaim uy responsibility for state
ments expressed by our correspondent
-neither do we indorse all they Bay.
Correspondence on living topics Is solicited
but to have attention must be brief.
Cmnimmicsitions for publication must
e accompanied with the writer's name
Not necessarily lor publication, but a
guar:ytee of good faith.
W. CALVIN CHASE, EDITOR.
We are for men not party.
Men not party should be the pol
iiv of the Negro.
Let parties ask for the colored
vote, if they want it.
Read our society article this
The BEE is not the organ of any
man, party or faction.
It is easier to marry than it is to
Massachusetts should not send
au other Hoar to the Senate.
Gladstone will resign. It is evi
dent that he is strong in defense ol
Senator Logan made a grand
spt ech in the Senate Wednesday
in reply to blackguards and black
mailers. We believe that our District
Commissioners -will give the Dis
trict colored people a represehta
tion in the District government.
Col. Win. A. Cook, the greatest
lawyer before the District bar had
the judgement of the lower court
reversed in the case of Lud Gun
uell and Adrians.
The average colored farmer down
south comes out at the end of the
year with a penniless pocket and a
deep sigh thanking heaven that he
escaped with his life.
Mr. Geo. W. Williams, the au
thor of a book entitled the History
of the Colored People, will have a
hard time to prove that his amia
ble and inoffensive wife deserted
Certain republicans aud republi
cau editors have tried to traduce
the name and reputation of Gener
al Logan, because he did not deem
it necessary to request an investi
gation of Senator Payne of Ohio.
Whatever Mr. Paynes' politics are
we kuow him to be a good and
conscientious statesman. There
was no evidence before the com
mittee on privileges and electious
to show that Mr. Payne bribed any
member of the Ohio legislature to
vote for him. -Messrs. Logan, Ev
arts and Teller took the correct
view of it and reported to the Sen
ate that there was nothing against
the Ohio Senator.
There are a few republican rene
gades who are endeavoring to mis
represent aud place these honora
ble gentleman m a false light
before the country. It is true as
Gen'l. Logan said, that instead of
investigating Mr. Payne an attempt
is being made to destroy the in
fiuence of himself aud his associ
ates. The editor of the Commerci. 1
Gazette is like all other milk and
water republicans, who have their
own selfish ambitiou to satisfy.
Who is the chief of which the Ga
zette speaks? If it is Mr. Blaiue,
we are free to admit that a worse
calamity will never befall the re
publican party, if he be nominated
as the republican standard bearer
in '88. The eyes of the Negroes
are opened ; they don't propose to
be sucklings of any party. Gener
al Logan wants nothing that the
American people dont want him to
have; he is no candidate of any
party or set of men who seek by
ialse means to destroy the reputa
tion and honor of honest men. We
congratulate the positioh of Gen.
Logan, Senators Evarts and Tel
ler in the Payne bribery farce.
MATTHEWS OF ALBANY.
gHOLDERS BOW BEFORE HIM AND
"how DEMOCRATS DESERT DIM.
Among no race of people is there
so much political hypocrisy and so
cial sychophancy displayed as there
are among certain republican Negro
office holders in this city. Cains
Cassias in instigating Brutus to join
the conspiracy against Caesar, is
not played to a greater exteut than
some of our Negro republican office
holders practice with Mr. Matthews
of Albany. There are several Ne
gro clerks in the government de
partments of this city who cut quite
a swell in society and who, when'
ever an occasion presents itself,
dance to the beck and call of the
Albany leader with the hope and
aim 6f gaining his influence to keep
them in their positions. It is not
presumed that Mr. Matthews cares
for any social honors or recognition
among this class of republicans, but
there is a disposition of a few oi
these colored office holders to hold
Mr. Matthews and keep him from a
social clique in this city that is at
tempting to keep him within their
own circle. What ever endorsement
Mr. Matthews has received, has
come from republicans and repub
lican office holders in the depart
ments, while the democrats have
opposed him. Nsgro republicans
bow to him as Judas Iscariot bowed
before Christ while the democratic
party is sitting in judgment on his
confirmation as Poutious Pilot pre
tended that be found no fault iu
the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ,
but allowed him to be put to death
all the same. What the colored re
publican cau gain by this kind of
political demagoguery, the Bee is
unable to state, but this fact is
known, that there will be more
fence straddling iu '88 than there
is now, should the republican party
win. The presumption is, there will
uot be enough Negro office holders
between now and '88 to sing psalms
of the new Jerusalem.
IS THE NEGHO A FAILURE?
PROF. WHITE THINKS THE SOUTH
NEEDS WHITE PEASANTRY.
The Augusta Chron'cle save,
Prof. H. O. White, c ccupying the
chair of the "Oniversiiy of Georgia,
has been among Augusta's moai
appreciated guests the past week.
He had just returned fiom the
meeting of State farmers iu Oo
lumbus, where his striking address
npon the subject of elevating labor
in the south has developed much
comment in a 1 ew and impiovid
direction. Ho eays what he
meaus by peasantry is intelligent
tcieniific laborera, truch as France,
England and evtn down trodden
NO PEASANTRY HERE.
"Welt," said Professor White,
I took this gr uid:
,lHeie we have a State of fine
climate, with a soil naturally good
and susceptible of greater improve
ment, but the c uutry is absolutely
without peasantry. The pec pie
who occupy the ranic of peasants
are an iguorant, shif less class,
seemingly not desirous of selt-ad-van
"There is among them a low
state of morality and little dispo
sition to acquire property, nor are
they susceptible of that training
which enables them to work our
land to the best advantage.
"Our couutry cannot be improv
ed wi'hout good labor, educatid
labor and skilled labor. In think
ing over this whole matter I have
made bold to enquire whether or
not the lack of a saving middle
chars, is not the we k piut in our
Southern system, and whether or
not the labor difficulty is not at
the b It m of all our trouble?"
"What is your solution, Profes
sor your roimuln?"
"This of course leads us to hunt
for the r medv. I co. tend
"1st. We must live independent
ly of this class of labor by culiiva
tiug, oursilvts small areas. This
leads to intensive farming.
'2nd. This of course means sci
entific farming. We must educate
the ri ing generation of whites, so
that they may understand scienti
fic agriculture. Our State scien
tific and agricultural schools mut
be built up and fostered. The
same is true of the mechanic arts,
and this is where our Uchuoiogical
schools must come in, to raise up
young mechanics and train S mth
eru lab r.
THE NERO NuT A FAILURE.
Says Mr, Benet, of Abbeville in
reply to Prof White:
THE NEGRO AS A LABORER.
Prof. White does not say the
negro is a failure as a laborer. He
does pronounce him a failure as a
"skilled laborer," and in this no
doubt he is correct. Nor would
he go far wrong if he said the iield
laboreis of Prance, England and
"Ireland -three countries he men
tions were failures as skilled la
borers. Having some acquain
tance with the peasantry ot those
European countries, I cannot agree
with the Professor thut they are
"scientific laborers." Intelligent
tl e' may b veiy many of
them are much more so thau the
negro; but surely not scientific. Is
it really necessary that farm labor
er should be scientific or skilled?
That the farmer himself should be
so needs no arguraeir; juat as the
ship captain must be skilled in the
.science of navigation, whether his
crew be so or nut. It is the duty
of the crew and of the farm' labor
ers to obey the orders ot the cap
tin, to carry out ihe directions of
the farmer. ''Theirs not to reason
why; theiis not to make reply."
And the captain and the farmei
niust see that their commands are
As a laborer pure and simple, I
tr nrv it.nr.il I rwi IxTon-pii o t.iiliiho
On the contrary, whe!i under theT
supervision of the white man,
HE IS AN EXCELLENT LABORER;
but white supeivison, constant
aud efficient, fi-m it kind, the
white man mus excrvi-enver him
His tine physique enables him t
stand hard work; and, easily satis
fied, easy to manage, 1 gitt heart
ed and simple.
t r fc
LhT THE NEGRO ALONE.
To the North I w uid say, Let
the South alone; let the races live
here iu pe .ce. Let the Negi o be
uo longer the spoiled pet ot sen
timental philanthropists the spe
cial object of ca e to all peop'e
with a mission. Tied him as a
man and not aB a little child.
Meddle not with race m vements;
they will adjust thm elve. 'there
need be i.o conflict f r their lives
are diverse. There neid be no an
tagonism, for there is no rivalry.
Left to himseP', the Negro seeks
and needs no better f it-nd than his
white neghbor and employer.
From t..e crcd'e to the grave the
white man and the black have the
kindliest feelings towards each
other. A regro nurse rocks the
.vhite man's cradle; a negro nuse
an ays him for the grave; and ne
gro t-ervants and neighbns shed
honest tears at'his funeral. There
is the most cordial friendship -ber
tween white man and negro and
yet no social intercourse. JNeiti er
seeks it, nor will ivr seek it
Thus they live together on the
same soil, next door n-ighbors,
with distinct social systems; not on
diftere it social planes or levels, as
is sometimes charged, for their
lives are so distinct there is no
medium of comparison no higher
no lower but entirely apart.
There let thijm live, pursuing
their course in
PARALLEL LINES OF PROGRESS,
never meeting, never coming in
conflict, buf each helping the oth
er when their interests are mutual
the white man helping his weak
er brother whenever possible, is
the negro knows so well how to
obtain help, and as the Southern
white man knows so well to be
stow it a unique relationship un
derstood nowhere else.
SOUTH WASHINGTON NEWS
L. G. Fletcher, AgenL ami Collector.
The Zion Baptist church has been
opened siuce Tuesday evening, the
The 5th Sunday in August, is the
day for the African Foreign
Mission collection throughout the
Rev. R. S. Laws filled the pnlpit
of the Wesley Zion A.M. E. church
on Sunday evening the 11th. The
pulpit of the Zion Baptist church
was supplied by the Rev. S. J. R.
Nelson and Win. J. Howard of
There is no section ot the city
that is being more completely inn
proved thau this.
Mr. Robert Gibbons, left this
city for Chicago by the 10 p. m.
train Sunday night last.
The family of the late Rev. Wm.
Gibbons, make serious objections
to the manner in which his pict
ures are being taken add sold by
persons other than the family,
without first obtaining their per:
mission and arrangements. A
young man iu the name of a report
er for the Bee, called upon the
family while his remains were yet
in the house, aud stated positively,
that he wished a picture of the
minister for the purpose of placing
it in the Bee. As a reporter to
that paper, Mrs. Alice Lucas stated
that she couseuted finally to ac
commodate him ; and he took the
picture off aud had a large num-
ber drawn and sold at 15 cts. a
piece for which the mail were charg
ed by the family with duplicity.
No Bee reporter called and goD
An excursion from Lynchburg,
Va., to this city on Tuesday morn
ing last, and returned for their
home on Wednesday evening at
10 p. m., brought some of the beso
citizens of that section of the state ;
a large number of which stopped at
the North Carolina house 240 3rd
A gentleman writes from Alba
ny Ave., Hartford Conn., and says,
please send me the Bee to Sept.
1st at which time I shall return to
Washington. He says of all the
Washington papers, send me
the Bee ;because it is so homeborn-
The Willing Workers of Zion
gave a picnic at Browns' Park 7th
St., on Monday evening last, which
has had no equal for the season.
A large number of tickets hae
been sold for Harpers Perry Aug.
9th, from the Wesley Zion. J. H.
Hector and R. S. Laws will deliver
S' f ,?umy is now ovfer
with professional engagements aud
some serious cases.
Mr. S. A. Webb, the well known
dealer in new and second handed
clotihing.at 1124 7th St., is now do
ing! good business in South Wash
ington. Rev. R. S. Laws, pastor of the
Virginia Ave. Baptist church will
soon enter histnew church.
N.E. SEDGWICK, Agent and Reporter, 1315
A new choir has beeu organ' zed
at the Ebenezer A. M. E. church,
with Mr. A. Butler as leader.
Mr. A. Hughes is lying danger
ously ill at his residence 2ud st.
Persons desiring to subscribe for
the "Bee7' will leave their orders at
Lewis Barber shop 1417 28fch st.
Subscriptions invariably in ad
vance. The Sunday School Union of
West Washington, held their quar
terly meeting last Sunday after
noon at Mt. Zion church. The ex
ercises consisting of essays, decla
rations, etc. interporsed with music
by the schools was very interest
ing, especially the essay of Miss
Alice Beason, the select reading by
Miss Ella Nash aud Miss Jessie
Mr. J. L. Turner on being intro
duced, declined iu favor of Mr. L.
A. Cornish Snpt. of Israel Bethel
school, who delivered a very inter
esting address on the teachings of
the lessons, showing the great val
ue of the international lesson. He
also exhibited some stones from
Bethuey, where he had traveled
and saw the grave of Lazarus. He
congratulated the Union for being
harmoniously working together as
christians and trusted that they
would continue in their work ot
reformation. Addresses were also
delivered by Messrs : David Olark,
John Brown aud Johu H. Fergu
son. Noticeable among the Sabbath,
school workers present were: Dav
id Warner, Heury Piper, J. W.
Lee and Solmou Lomax. In the
abscence of the secretarv, Mr. R.
D. Rtiffiu read the annual report of
the Union showing au excellent
condition of the schools connected
with the Union. The newly elect
ed officers lof the Uuion are J. E.
Ferguson, Pres., J. L. Turner, vice
pre-., H. W. Hewlett, Treas., and
John Pope, Sec'ty. After a collec
tion of $16,50 the exercises closed
with benediction by Rev. D. Col
lins. PROGKAM OF TUE NATION
AL PRESS C( NVENTION,
AUAUST3,1886. 2 P. M.,
ATLANTIC CITY, NEW
1. Opening Exercises.
2. Appointment of Committee
3. Short Addresses.
4. Rej ort of Oommsttt e on Cre
dials. 5. Election of Officers.
1. Opening Exercises.
2. Installation of Officers.
3. Discussion. 4tThe Future Re
lation of the Negro to Existing
T. T. Fortune, New lork Free
man. A. F. Bradley, Chicago Observ
er. Juo. W. Cromwell, People's
J. A. Arne ux, N"ewT York E i
ternrne L. A. Martinet, Lonisian Stand
ard. " .
J. H. Eeeble, Free Lance.
R. R. Wright, Weekly Sentinel.
Papers, fifteen minutes each.
1. Reports of Committee Dis
cussions hereon. r
2. Other Business. !
1. Reports of Committee's con
tinued. Discussion thereon.
2. Routine Business.
1. Public- Meeting. Invited
guests to speak on any top'c of in
"On the Religions, Educational
and Social Status of the colored
Southwestern Advocate, Louisi
ana, Chairman; Gergia Baptist,
Georgia; Christian Recorder,
Pennsylvania; Gold Eagle, Tennes
see; Alumnus, Pennsylvania;
Western Baptist Herald, Iowa;
Christian Star, Texat; Christian
Index, Mississippi Star of Zion,
North Carolina; Afr -Araercan
Churchman, Virginia; Pioneer,
Texas; People's Journal, Florida.
Washington Bee, District Co
lumbia, Chairman; Planet, Virgin
ia; Sun. Arkansas; Atlanta Defi
ance, Georgia; Gate City Pres,
Missouri; Boston Advocate, Mus
s chusetts; Baptist Advocate,
Louisiana; Baptist Standard,
North Caroliim; Virginia Critic,
Virginia; Knights of Wise Men,
Tennessee; Ohio Falls Express,
Western Appeal, Minnesota,
Chairman; Sr. Louis Advance,
Missouri; Memphis Watchman,
Tennessee; Arkansas Review, Ar
kansas; American Baptist, Ken
tucky; Phoenix, Georgia; St. Ma
ry's Herald, Louisiana; Southern
Independence, Alabama; Mary
land Director, Maryland.
Detroit Plaindealer, Michicau,
Chairman; Light House, Texas;
Cleveland Globe, Ohio; Living
Way, Tennessee; Baptist Pioneer,
Alabama; Southern Leader, Flor
ida; Chattanooga Tribune, Ten
nessee; Baptist Beacon, Ohio;
Golden Epoch, Arkansas; Lynch
burgh Laborer, Virginia; Baptist
A. M. E. Review Pennsylvania,
Chairman; Cleveland Gazette,
Ohio; Denver Sun, Colorado; In
dianapolis Woild, Indiaua; Bap
tist Companion, Virginia; Journal
of the Lodge, Lonisana; Elevator,
California; Cairo Gazette, Illinois;
Progressive American, New York;
Baptist P reach er,-Texas.
"Resolutions and Business:"
National Monitor, New York,
Chairman; Arkansas Mansion, Ar
kansas; Virginia Lancet, Virginia;
Chicago Conservator, Illinois;
Chattanooga Times, Tenrtesste;
The Soldier's Re-Union, Kentucky;
lexas Pi ess, Texas.
From personal eorre.-ponde? ce
with the Fpeakers, chairmen and
other members, and the sanction
of all concerned, ihe program is
sent forth and the convention will
meet a the time and place men
tioned Let the chairmen communicate
with the members of their com
mit! e s, and let the reports be ful
ly c mp led, considerably digested
so that they will be of permanent
value as the expression of the
colored editors of the
United S ate?. Thus prepared
before hand by correspondence,
there will be little to do in the
preparation of repor's. and more
time can be given to the discus
sions, without depleting tl e meet
ings of frequent adjournments.
Toe chairmen. ivill be expected to
make .15 minute speeches iu the
piesentatton of the report.
Should anything occur in the
change or time or place, the pro
gam will remain the same.
Co operation on the part of the
memlers of the press has been
promised and further co-o eration
is solicited. Let every paper copy
this anm u cement and exchange
with the American Baptist.
Done, by order of the Executive
Committee of the Coloied NTa
ti'Uial Press Convention.
Wm J. Simmon,
i fields' pxvKxtz&i bat those wfco write to
Stioson i Co.,PortIsad, Maine, will reeerre
Tree, fainafGraoatloa boot jwk -which
t faej can do. and lire at hoe,tferf -wilt pay
1 ibesi from 15 to 35 Dr day. Some bare
earaadararSHltaadiT. ERharsel. YOaBKOroId. Capital
not required. Yoa araatarted free. ThoaewBoatartatoaee
are abwlataly rare of nug little totUam. Allia&rr.
Mrs. Delia Howard, Wilhsvillo
Va., is prepared to receive Sum!
mer Boarders Scenery and health
fulness unsurpassed. Mineral wa.
ter, fine table, pare milk an.l
cream. Terms reasonable. Foe
terms apply to Mrs. Delia Howard
Welbourn Post office, Loudwi Co
Mr. Joseph C. Lee who haa
servetj as agent for the Washing
ton riEE, will on and after July
4th 1886, discontinue his cunmc.
tion with the paper on account of
business. Mr. Lee will take the
names of any persons who wish to
subscribe for this paper quar erly
which will he tent direct to sub-!
scriber's house from the oft.ce.
All subscribers must pay in ad.
vauce. The rates ot subscr ptioii
are printed in the paper.
Joseph C. Lee,
285, Capitol Ave., Hartford, Conn,
Persons in the city, who nra
Bubscribers-for the Bee are reque3.
ted not to pay agents any mora
than 3 months pubscriphon, in a .
vance for the Bee. All over ihat
amount must be paid at the office
of the Bee. The managers will
not be responsible for any am unu
over 50 ct.. paid to agents. Sub
scribers outside of the city must
pay in advance and names niuat
be sent to the offiice and not snven
to agent. It there is any irregu
larity on the part of the agenj
our subscribers will do us the fav
or by reporting the same t3 the
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