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THE JEiSC BEEe
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We disclaim ny responsibility for state
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neither do we indorse all they say.
Correspondence on living topics is solicited
but to have attention must be brief.
Communications for publication must
e accompanied with the writer's namr
Not necessarily tor publication, but a
guarantee of eood faith.
W. CALVIN CHASE, Editor.
We notice by the last issue of the
Denver San, that Mr. Isaiah Mitch
ell, is no longer editor of that pa
per. The press convention was rep
resentative in every particular.
Prof. Simmons will make a firtt
Hon. Peter H. Clark is in WaBh
inton after Douglass' scalp Gate
He cannot get it.
We have received the first copy
of Argus published in Denver. Mr.
Mitchell, is editor and proprietor.
Long may the Argus live and pros
per and become a power in the
Secretary Endicott thinks it
would be foolish to make war on
Mexico over, OLe man, when we
have for months tolerated the in
dignities of Canada on hundred
of our citizens. Ah, yes, but we
can lick Mexico, you know. The
The amendment offiered to the
report on Southern outrage and
3 epted by Mr Chase, is as follows :
The people should consider the pro
priety of vacating these sectinos and
removiug to other parts. The name
of Mr. John Mitchell, Jr. should
be added to the report, but, it was
printed before he arrived in Atlan
A Whole week has passed and
not more than a half a dozen Ne
groes have been murdered in the
whole South. There's a loose screw
somewhere. Gate City Press.
The South is taking a little rest. It
would not be America, where all are
accorded the same right regardless
of race, if the poor negro did suffer
at the hands of these murders.
We think the proposition to eel
ebrate the 400th anniversary of the
discovery of North America and
the 100th anuiversary of the adop
tion of the Constitution of the
United States very good. Sant
Domingo would be doubtless inter
ested in the first event since that
government claims to be the custo
dian of the remains of the great
navigator, Christopher Columbus.
We trust Congress will adopt
Senator Hoar's proposition and
celebrate both events in a manner
worthy of the country and the Con
stitution. For a long time there have been
many conjectures concerning the
confirmation of Matthews as Re
corder of Deeds in the District.
Some thought that the objections
were made because of his color,
others because he was a non-resident,
others because he was an of
fensive partisan and in fact there
were many reasons given why he
should not be confirmed. - What
the true reason is we are not pre
pared to state. It does appear
though that his not being a resi
dent is sufficient If it is the desire
of the President to have a colored
man to fill the position, there is a
sufficient number who are residents
and who pay heavy taxes, from
which he can make a selection.
The truth is the people of Wash
ington are desirous of having a
man as Becorder who helps to
share the burdens of the city, re
gardless of the color. If there
were many objections to former
Recorders, nothing was said. The
people want one of their number to
fill the position. The District offi
cers bear the same relation to the
people, that exists, or should at
least, among the children. Where
are the children -who would like to
Jmye patsidp placed ja QQuftpj of
the hard earnings of mother and
father, and thereby grow fat, "when
there is one of the number, of chil
dren, fnlly competent to manage
Gov. Ireland of Texas has writ
ten a letter to the Secretary of
State askiug that the Federal au
thorities take some action concern
ing the execution o Francisco
Assesures, by Mexico. Mark the
difference between this governor
and those, of some of the other
southern- states. We wonder if
Gov. Ireland would have been so
worked upon, had this man been a
Iegro? A citizen is a citizen and
every one should receive the same
treatment from the hauds of those
in authority. In some southern
states the Negroes are shot down,
like brutes and scarcely any notice
is taken of the act. It appears to
U8 that those who are to see justice
done to all, should do more toward
protecting the Kegro in his life,
liberty and happiness. More talk
is made over the death of white
men than would bo made over one
hundred Negroes. Not that we
think it wrong for Texas to avenge
the Mexican outrage, not all.
But we do think that the wrong
done to a Negro just as worthy of
being avenged as that done to a
white man. If the Negro were
protected in his rights as the white
mau is, he would soon become a
power, felt by the nations as such.
The whites know this to be true,
by the progress he has made since
his emancipation and they are not
willing to accede any more to him
than is absolutely necessary. The
day is nob far distant, we hope,
when it will be absolutely necessa
ry to accord to him every right be
longing to an American citizen.
There is no other civilized coun
try iu the wo' Id where mob vio
lence obtains to tne extent it does
in the United States. Scarcely a
dy8 report cornea to us without
the old story of lynchings and
murder in cold blood by bands of
ruffians, midnight marandings and
crimes of that calendar. Just how
lone the law will be robbed of its
justice is a question. We have
been hoping that time, education
and sentiment would at least ac
cord the Afro-American the fair
play of a trial when accused of
crime. It is certain that the pun
ishment is severe enough upon
conviction, men being sent to pris
on for life fbV larceny. A majority
of southern-A fro-Americans ac
cused of crimes greater than this,
never enter a court beciuae of the
frequent lynchings. A 3-eir has
not passed frhen the court itself
became a place of murder by mob
violence. Our hopes are blasted
as far as lynchings are concerned.
When the Afro-American is the
victim they seem to multiply rath
er than to lessen. The question is
what can we do about ii? Were
a compilation of the deeds of mob
violence made, the end of each
year would show figures app.lling
to humanity, let such a state
exists and thrives. The inuocent
and the guilty die alike the same
ignominious cruel death without
the form of a trial. Mobbjng par
ties and lymhing gangs have
taken up the work of exterminat
ing the Negro where the Ku-Kiux,
W hite Leaguers and other bandit
ti left off. Where are the coasted
declarations of Cleveland when
he pledges himself for the full
protection of the freed men iu their
rights, in the enjoyment of their
privileges as citizens under the
constitution and its amendments?"
The executive prerogative has
been used toward correcting many
evils, but this the most potent of
them, the assurance to every man,
accused cr placed in jeopardy of
life or limb, a trial by jury. The
sacrednet-s of human lite is of more
moment than the concerns ot po
litical boBism, .or encroachments
on Indian lands. Detroit Plain
deater THE RECORDER OF DEEDS.
The president called for the res
ignation of the present incumbent
of the office of the Recorder of
Deeds. '1 he gentleman who was
nominated for that position was
rejected by a vote of two thirds of
the senators. It is not necessary
to indulge in any after thought
speculation as to the cause that
led to this action. But it may be
stated that had Mr. Matthews
been a resident of the District his
chances of success would have
been excellent, all tnings beine
It was a difficult matter for the
president to go against that plank
in the platform of the National
Democratic party which was de
clared in iavor 9 Jpcal men for 1q.
A NEGRO DEMOCRAT.
James C. Matthews, of Albany,,
nominated by the president for
the office of Recorder of Deeds for
the District of Columbia, has been
rejected by the United States Sen
ate. Mr. Matthews based his
claims to office under the demo
cratic administration, ou the
ground of services rendere I to that
venerable organization in ward,
county and state politics. He
claimed to be a democrat "from
principle," and at the same time
expected a republican senate to
confirm him to an office placed
within his reach by the party he
has opposed, for more than a dec
ade, "from principle." It has been
whispered that Mr. Matthews fur
nished the administration with
statements, that were not suscep
tible to proof, calculated to impair
the success or a republican who
was nominated for a d'plomatic
mission by president Arthur. That
republican ivas defeated by Mr.
Bayard. There is a gentleman
trom Ohio who is now "out of a
job," aud it may be his turn next.
We aro not certain about this
matter at this writing, but more
We print elsewhere the report
of the committee ou "Southern
Outrages," in the Press Convention
at Atlantic Cny, New Jersey.
It is significant when American
editors have to call the attention
of the country to outrages commit
ted against law, Christianity, hu
manity, the Constitution aud A
merican citizenship. It is true
that the organized opposition to
Negro success is not now used to
so great an extent as duriug the
later days of Reconstruction.
First came the Ku-Klux klau,
composed of the flower of the con
federate army, sworn to do vio
lence to law, property aud life.
becoud came the ballot box
method, eight or uiue different
boxes to confuse and dumbfound
the igi orant voter.
Third came the tissue ballot, by
which oue white man at the south
has three times as much political
power as one white man at the
Now the Negro votes at the
sou.h, but the w hite democrats do
the counting. There is another
outrage more appalling thau or
ganized violence, the crime of
keeping the Negro ignorant by
failiug to provide lor him adequate
educatioual facilities. Eew of the
late insurrections have provided
the Negro with school facilities
and strong opposition to the Blair
Educatioual Bill yet comes from
the south through its representa
tives in Congress. But the great
est outrage that exists at the
south to day is the jury system
and the chain gang. This twin
evil is sappingthe life of the
south and inflicting upon the Ne
gro a two fold cross of woe.
THE NEGRO LABORER.
Nearly every class of laborer in
our composite nationality is organ
zed save our own class It may
be objected to that we have no
classes in this country, but the
fact remains that we have. The
Negro cannot obliterate his iden
tity although he may obscure his
personality. He was the unrequit
ed labor element of the south an
teiiortu the war of the Rebellion,
and he is in another eense a labor
element now that slavery is abol
In the larger cities he has been
forced out of the leading hotels
because he is not a linguist; and
white servants who can speak En
glish, French aud German are
employed in his room. He is
rapidly losing his hold on the bar
ber 6hops of this same class be
cause he is not a capitalist able to
adorn his establishment to vie with
the appointments of the hotels.
He is disappearing as a coachman
he cannot re d cards, numbers,
dispatches aud measure up to the
modern educational demands of
Along the great water-ways he
is rapidly disappearing because the
railroads are swallowing up the
river trade; and in the Gulf states
and cotton belt of the south he is
a peon through the iniquity of the
plantation credit system; a crimi
nal through defective court3 and
prejudiced juries and a nannpr
through the inadequate remunera
tion he receives.
What then is to become ol the
Negro laborer? In view of those
tacts he seems to be going from
bad,to worse; and the present state
of affairs 1oJ4$ oB no prophesy Qf
a brighter future Education has
done much for many; for others it
has merely strung up the nerves,
intensified the moral and spiritual
longings, increased their wants
and consequent cost of living, and
bringing them face to face with
the monster, American prejudice,
which they were too ignorant to
s e before, has made their exist
ence almost unbearable. In many
instances a certain kind of educa
tion has been hurtful. The editor
'has three servants, two can
scarcely read, one is fitting tor
college and reads Greek and Latin.
The tbrmer two are excellent ser
vants, putting their heart iuto
their work; the lat er one is grow
ing each month to realize to him
self that work does not agree with
a student. And yet although en
gaged with the Greek text he can
not speak the English language
about the simplest thing.
The Negro laborer must organ
ize for his protection. He must
put brains iu his work and math
ematics in his fingers. Two thiugs
iheu must be done; make his labor
methods conform to modern im
provements and organize to pro
tect his rights as a laborer and his
interests us a man.
MR. FORTUNE DEFEATED FOR THE
PRESIDENCY. MR. DOUGLASS
SPEAKS. THE REPORT OF THE COM
MITTEE ON SOUTHERN OUTRAGES
Atlantic City, Aug. 4, '86.
The sixth annual meeting of the
American Pi ess Association as
sembled in the City Hall yesterday
at 2 P. M. The meeting was call
ed to order by the president, H.
Price Williams, of the JVation-dl
Republican, Washington D. C,
who requested Rev. Dr. B. T.
Tanner, of the Church Review, to
open the exercise with prayer, af
ter which the president in a very
brief, but pointed address declared
the meeting duly opened. Secre
tary Geo. F. Bruges, of Petersburg,
Va., read the minutes of the last
meeting The chairman appointed
the following committee on cre
dentials: W. Calvin Cba-e, T.
Thos. Fortune and Rev. l)r. Sim
mons. The committee retired, and
subsequently made the following
report of papers represented and
by whom: Rev. W. J. Simmons,
D D., and W. H. Stewart, Ameri
can Baptist, Louisville, Ky.; P. H.
Murray, the Advance, St. Loui?,
Mo.; T. Thos. Fortune, New York
Freeman; Rev. Hr B T. Taaner,
A. M. E. Church Pevieio; J. A.
Arueaux, New York Enterprise,
Andrew Jones and W. B Powell,
Philadelphia Sentinel; W. Calvin
Chase, Washington Bee; George
F. Braggs, Afro-American Church
man, Petersburg, Va.; C. J. .Perry,
Weekly Tribune, Philadelphia; It.
S. Smith, Cleveland Globe and
Southern Leader, Jacksonville, Fla.
Tne chair suggested that he
would appoint a committee on or
ganization. Mr. Chase objected
and said that it would be better to
nominate the officers in open con
vention. The suggestion of Mr.
Cbase was put in the torm of a
motion which was adopted. Mr
Chase then nominated Prof. W.
J. Simmons of the American Bap
tist, as president ot the convention
and Mr. Chris J. Perry nominated
Mr. iS ortune. On motion ot Mr.
Chase the nomination was closed.
A vote was taken, Mr. Fortuue
received 4 and Mr, Simmons 7J.
Mr. Simmons' election was made
uuanimous. Mr. Fortune was
nominated for vice president, but
he declined the office. Several
gentlemen insisted that he should
accept. Mr. Cbase said that he
thought the convention was loss for
men, if it could not fiud men other
thau Mr. Fortune. If Mr. Fortuue
does not waut the office, said Mr.
Chase, elect some other man Dr.
Tanner was nominated by Mr.
Chase and was elected by acola
raation. Mr. G. F. Bragg, of the
Virginia Lancet was nominated
for secretary, Mr. A. Clark, of the
Chicago Conservator, treasurer and
on motion of Mr. W. F. Powell of
the Philada. Sentinel, Mr. W. Cal
viu Chase was nominated historiau
and Mr. Jones of the same paper
was nominated by Mr. Fortuue,
but declined to run. M.r. Chase
was unanimously elected.
The program "of the evening
embraced the reading of two pa
pers on "The future relations uf
the Negro to existing parties."
The fiist paper was read by T. T.
Fortune oftheNev York Free
man. He treated the subject in a
humorous strain, though admit
ting the seriojs side of it. He
claimed that the Negrp had not
m mm ngut by .he fteptik
licans, but had been led and used
by them. The district in which
Petersburg, YaM was situated had
a majority of 6000 colored votes
and they were compelled to stand
aside for Mahone to go to Con
gress. Colored pe ple should vote
independently until they find
some leader among themselves.
Parties are only useful for the good
they do and it would be a waste
of time to attempt to show any
relation between existing parties
and the colored race.
J. A. Arueaux, of the New
York" 'Enterprise read the second
paper, on the same subject. He
claimed that negroes could be
nothing but Republicans, though
that par'y had become intoxicated
by success and strayed away from
its old principles To be neither
Repubhcan nor Democrat was to
be a political infidel and belong to
the devil. The Negro has borne
with the patience of Job all the
neglect that has been his lot. We
have no longer the Republican
principles held by such men as
Sumner, Garrison, Lincoln, John
Brown aud others, but we have it
in our power to elevate ourselves,
for now we own both our bodies
and souls. Republicans may
change in name but the grand old
principles will endure forever and
the negro wili be better off to let
voting alone for a while and turn
his attention to industrious pur
suits. At the session this morning,
Mr. Chase, chairman of the com
mittee on Southern Outrages sub
mitted his report, which will be
found on the first page of the paper.
The report was adopted with an
amendment offered by Mr. Doug
lass, to the effect if persons in the
south desired to emigrate they
could do so. Mr. Chase accepted
the amendment. In support of the
report speeches were made by W.
E. Matthews, Chris J. Perry, Geo.
F. Bragg, Rutus Perry, H. Price
Williams, John Mitchell, Jr., one
of the committee, R. S. Smith and
others. Those who opposed the
clause referring to emigration were
Prof. Simmons, Messrs. Gardner,
Jones and Clark. The report was
adopted as amended.
Before the completion of the
election of officers, Mr. Eortune
was nominated lor the chairman
ship of the executive committee,
but declined the office. Notwith
standing Mr .Fortune's objections,
bis name was reported chairman
of the committee. Mr. Chase mov
ed to strike out the name of Mr.
Fortune and insert the name of
Alex Clark. The latter gentle
man objected and said that Mr.
Fortune had decided to accept the
chairmanship of the ommittee,
with such understanding, Mr
Chase withdrew his motion. Sev
eral gentlemen arrived to day after
the convention hau convened aud
were admitted to the association.
Mr. Pelh m, of the Detroit Plain
dealer, Juhu Mitchell, Jr., of the
Yirgiuia Ptanet; Rev. Mr. Lee, of
the Christian Pccorder, Rufus L.
Perry, of ihe National Monitor, N.
Y., and others.
Mr. Douglass will address the con
vention on the Future Relation of
the Negro lo Existing Parties.
Alter the adjournment Mr. Ar
ueaux of the New York Enterprise
will tender a Danquet to the color
ed press. Mr. Arneuax is a very
renued. gentleman and one of edu
cation. This banquet will take
place at the Havalow House,
where the representatives ot the
Chris Perry is a jolly fellow
who has a very amiable wife and
Joues ot the Sentinel is a solid
R, S. Smith is quiet, but he
knows his friends.
Arneaux is no fool, but one of
the most dignified and learned iu
Price Williams gets there every
Rufus L Perry knows what he
does all the time, itufus was the
idack sage of the convention.
R. F. Powell is a parliamenta
nan ol the first water.
Gardner of the Sentinel is a dan
gerous man to attack.
Geo. F. Bragg, the boy editor
caunot be bea'en.
Dr. Tanner is enthusiastic in
what he attempts. He is an honor
to the craft.
Pelh am of thfr Plaindealer has a
head. like a philosopher.
Rev". Lee of the Christian Becor
der knows just what to do.
The happiest maa ia the con-
irontinn trns Prnf SimTtinhr, iy
....,. - - . .iuiuuu3 uuei
his election, and the sickest man
was Mr. Fortune. The Freeman
must throw away egotism if it
expects to be recognized. We ad
Mrs. Willams to whom we
were not introduced is a genial!
Miss Pet Eager was greatly ad
mired by the press men. She is
Mr. and Mrs. Havalow know
how to treat the pres. The boys
will never forget them.
Washington, D. (X
THE PEOPLE'S INSTITUTION,
Open to ALL RACES and BOTH SEXES,
The Industrial. Normal, Prepak
atory and College Departments"
will open Sept. 15, 1S86, and the Theo-'
logical Department October 1 . Tu
ition Free. For full particulars address"
J. B. JOHNSON, Secretary."
THE LAW DEPARTMENT
Will open sept. 15. Able faculty. Tui
tion cheap. Address,
Piof. J H. Smith,
Seen tary, 522 8th St., N. W.
THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT
(which includes Dental and Pharmaceut
ical Courses), will open Oct 3. superior
advantages. Terms verv low. Address,
Prof. C. B. Purvis, M. D.
Secretary, 1118 12th street, N. W.
BARNES' COLORED NEWS
1107, I St., & 802 Sherman Ave.,
N. W., Washington, D, C.
All the colored newspapers for
sale and on file, subscriptions and
advertisements received. Find,
your lost relatives and friends
through this agency. General
agency for the Negro liteiary and
Communications by mail prompt
ly attended to.
George R. Barnes, Agent.
j. 31, tf.
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