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The Washington bee. volume (Washington, D.C.) 1884-1922, November 13, 1886, Image 2

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THE
m BEE
Published every tiaturdftv at 11W I street
aorthwaat, Washington. D. 0.
Entered at the Poatofflco at Washington
. . as second-class mall matter.
TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.
Be copy, per year -Six
month -
Three months -
Glty subscribers, monthly -
ADVERTISING RATES:
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Quarter column "
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Spool ft) notices 50 cents each,
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Ten lines oun
flTe disclaim ny responsibility for state
stents expressed by onr correspondent
neither do we Indorse all they say.
Correspondence on living topics Is solicited
Ibatte have attention must be brief.
CommunicJitfons for publication must
accompanied with the writer's name
Net neeciwarily lor publication ,
guarantee of good faith.
W. CALVIN CHASB, Kditor.
BP HIM IMIMH 8 I SB
Toe people's journal is the Bee
Subicriberg are n quested 10 pav
p.
Ifyoawant alive paper read
the Bis
We tender onr thanks to Rev.
Geo. W. Moore and trustees of the
Lineoln Memorial Congregational
church for their kindness on the
evening of Nov. 10.
The night schools are in opera
tion &i d the hum of anxious
learners makes sweet music and
pr finable pastcime. Let all who
idu avail themselves of this new
opp'utunity to learn the arts oi
We are pleased to see by the Den
rer, Col. Argus that Mr. George
8. Oonlee, lormeily of thU city, is
becoming to bs one of the moit
influential public men iu Denver.
Mr. Coatee's Odd Fellows eerraon,
delivered a few days ago, has nit t
with popular favor. We expect
to see greater things from this
distinguished young wan.
The greatest orati--n of tbr age
was delivered by Col. Geo, VV
Williams and the m st classic u
ditnee ever asserrbled was at Lin
eoln Memorial ehuich last Wed
nesday evening. Col. Williams
ahould feel proud of his oration,
which iBan evidence of his popu
iarr-y and his rt cognized ability a
a ucholar and a historian.
Prof W. B. Johnson has been
elected editor of the Virgina 13up
tiat Compauiou. The election ot
thia young divine is a great ac
qnsition to the paper and we wish
him succe a in his new field of la
bor, as we know of no one more
competent than Prof. Johnson to
ill the psitim to which he has
been honored.
Master Workman Pouderlv
kas not become dismayed by the
'scotching" he received at Rich
m. ad. He manifests signs of ac
fivity wh'ch show that he has
gin d favor at the north and is
determined to advance the cause
f labor reform uutil ewry man,
White and black . may claim pto
taction and command respect
while acting in the capacity of a
producer.
OUBAIN EMANCIPATION
The exercises at Lincoln Me
morial Congregational church
Ifttt Wednesday evening under the
aspicei of the Phil -mat hian Li ter
ry Society, were the grandest
ver held in this city. Col. Geo.
W. Williams' oration was a mas
terpiece of composition, indeed he
xcelled himself. The represen
tative! of the Spanish and English
kgation who were prtseut sat
motionless listening to this great
Segro historian, scholar and ora
tor. His peroration was eloquent
and grand, and the applause at its
onclusion lasted fully three min
vtofi. THE POLICE COURT.
Tha Police Court is an institu-
lion whuh, though necessary to
t preservation of law and order,
ja by noaearna savory. It fur-1
MbtfM
m
uishes a rare opportunity for the
study of the dark rde of human
nature. Day after day, for many
year3, the votaiies at the shrine
"of vice experience the fact that
the way of the transgress ir is
hai d it is a spectacle or pity
mingled with disgust to see the
swarm of human vermin that
swarm and fester about the pre
cinct stat ous and in the Police
Court. L w breakers oi every
description, vagrants, drunkards,
tnievis, peace oreaKeis, me ueni
zeus ot the sinks of iniquity all
are daily driven up to pay the
penalty of their misdemeanors and
ir.m-'S. It is pitiable, indeed to
see even women figure in the cat
eg ry oi crim s What a picture
of human deprHvity. "What is
the cause of all this? was asked of
an old oflL-er of Judge Snell's
court. Is it rum? "No" said the
officer, ". believe that the trouble
iB in the base nature and bad
raising of the creatures." The
answer was not satisfactory nor
a mpatible with the explanations
and apolo e of the culprits them
selves who pleaded drunkenness
in mitigation of a severe sentence.
Th'ie are many colored people
who have hu-iness with Judge
ISnell who rifl. ct ditcredit not on
ly on ti.emselves but on the race
to a certain ex'ent, for the whole
r ce is charged with the short
com gs of any member of it.
Fr this reason if for no other our
people should try to live circu ni
si ect. Pride of race if nothing
else should urge them to muke
their da ly walks above reproach
of men. It would be a bright
and cheerful commentary if one
week even one day were to pass
by without a colored person being
arraigned before the Police Judge
of this city To bring about such
a result every colored man
and woman should willingly assist.
It requires incessant woik in the
moral vineyaid to counteract the
gr wth of evil and one can best
serve his race by assisting in the
work of purifying it from tuiut of
wickedness.
OUR DECLARATION.
When in the course of political
events it becomes necessary for
the colored people to dissolve the
political bands, which have kept
th. m in political seiviiude and to
HFRiinie among ihe political iuflu
en es ol the naiijn, the equal
sUtiou to which tie constitution
and laws of the United States en
title them, a decent respect to the
opinions our fellow citiz.-n- require
that they should declare the tausis
which impel tl.etn to suJi conclu-
sion. "We hold these truths
be self evident: that all men
to
aie
created equal, iht thev are en
dowed by their' creator with cer
tain "unalienable rights, that aim ng
thiie are life, lil er'y aud the pur
suit of happiness' That to si cute
these rights political parties are
instituted, deserving their toice
and etft ct from issues wh ch are
from time to time evolved from
legislation or from the neceesHer
of economical constitutional g v
ernmen; that the colored people,
being a legitimate factor in the
American body-politic, are requir
ed and are in duty bound, to lake
an intelligent post, in the discus
sion ot and participation in such
questions and legislation; that
when any party, whatever may
be its name, does not or c nnot
effe.t hgislation and oustiuct
government consistent with the
interests of the whole people with
out regard to race, color or pie
vious condition of servitude, it is
the right and duty ot the colored
people to prevent if possible, the
ascendency of such a parry. The
peculiar attitude which the color
ed people have subtained toward
such exi ting part.es was enforced
by hecesstiy and as a consequence
were to reed to submit to much
kss than under the law and ac
cording to their political power
they were eutitled to. They have
been usea to further the euds of
certain ambitious and selfseeking
politicians and have been ruthless
ly ignored when they were most
iu need of support and sympathy.
Prudence dictated that, notwith
standing the abuses to which trie
colored people were subjected, no
opposition bhould be shown the
party to which they hiid sacrificed
all to maintain, beleiving that it
is best to sutler long iu the hope
of favorable results rather than to
create a i evolution and reverse of
party power without assurances
of more certain and speedy relief
from opptession. But there is aK
ways a time, aud we believe that
the time has come for colored peo-
pie to declare these abuses beyond
SSSfcS
mmmmimmmBjlmmmm'
endurance and to throw off alleg
iance to all parties and to provi e
new guards aud form new affilia
tions for their future security . In
their present relation to parties
the colored people are regarded as
au unintelligent, c'annish and.pre
judiced people adhering to im
practicable doctrines and with
blind zeal following a dangerous
leadership. They are ignored by
the party with which they affiliate
and despised by the parties they
oppose. Tney oppose their own
material interests Dy iauinsr to
participate intelligently in those
local contests for local benefits by
espousing priciples which have
no bearing upon the immediate
issues and engender local preju
dices which might otherwise be
avoided. Tney are led off by the
windy platitudes of bad men
whose only object is to create an
tagonism between themseives and
the whites, in order that the
loaves aud fishes miy not be
shared by the colored people, but
that in either case the whiteB may
secure all. Th:-s was exemplified
in the recent elec'ions. "When it
wa3 possible for the colored f o
pie to be tepresented by one of
their own color, independent col
ored people were induced by the
whites to antagonize the choice of
the colored people in order that
the colored people might not be
properly repre ei.ted. We have
appealed to our old party coudju
tors to do justice by us aud to as
sist us in protecting our rights.
They have told us on mote than
one occasion that it wr.s beyond
their power to do so. We weie
told that we must oppose Pour
bonism to day and hug it to mor
row, must bee me repudiationists
to day and hontst financiers to
morrow; that we mast be free
traders to day and protectionists
to morrow; in a woru be anything
and everything just as the inter
ests ot a eeiti n class direct, with
out any rega-d whatever either as
tour present interest or future
proepect. In view of this and
Oelitvin that the onlv means of
securing rt cognition among all
classes of men at d all p irties is
b) exercising a keen and intelli
gent disenmi at inn b tween party
interests aud poli ieul isues and
believing that it is only by secur
ing good m n to represent good
pnncples and to administer to a
people, we do n t hesitate to de
dare ourselves in favor ofgod
men of all parlies and determined
t assist the rjice y calliug to
their aid and counsel such men as
will do justice to all men without
regard to cob r. In doing this,
we will st live to he fie, from par
ty flunkyisms and sVk y ib:equi
niisuess, but acting in the spirit
of manly independence and having
ever in view the bst interests ol
thera'easa whole, we shall do
our bet to mould a s nnmeut
tthieh will crystallize into an ac
knowledgm. nt of our social, civil
at d political rights. We view
with hopj a"d "merest the despo
listn of the dominant party to do
justice to our people and so long
as they continue on that Hi e we
shall extend nil the assistance in
our power and thus help to make
friends among all parties and eue
mies among none.
Read the Bee 20 cts a month.
THE EMANCIPATION OF THE
CUBAN SLAVES.
THE PHILOMATHIAN LITERARY SOCIE
TY HOLDS A LAKGE MEETING REP
RESENTATIVES OP THE SPANISH &
ENGLISH LEGATION PRESENT. COL.
GEO. W WILLIAMS' GREAT ORATION
RESOLUTIONS, SINGING, &C.
The Puiloinathian Literary So
ciety of the 2nd Baptist church
held a special nieetiug last Wed
nesday evening in the Lincoln Me
morial Congregational church cor.
11th and R srs., n. w. The occas
ion was a celebration of the Eman
cipation ot the Cuban Slaves. The
audience consisted of some of the
most distinguished colored and
white citizens. Representatives of
the Spanish and English Legation
mciuuingur. Harvey, Mr. Presber
ry, Dr. L. W. Liviuston aud many
other distinguished citizens were
present.
At8 oVlock Rev. Geo. W. Moore of
fered a very impressive and elo
quent prayer, followed with a solo
on the mandolin by Mr. E. J. But
ler, and a vocal solo by Mr. James
L.Johnson, with Miss MaryNalle
as accompanist. Mr. .Butler is au
artist in every particular and the
solo by Mr. Johuson was beyond
doubt artistically reudered. Both
gentlemen were recalled amidst
storms of applause. Prof. A. S.
Richardson from the committee on
resolutions read tne following
DECREE :
LEGACION DE ESPAINA EN
WASHINGTON.
Rotal Degree.
Whereas, uuder the proposition
of the minister of the colonies, and
by common consent of the couucil
ot ministers ; I, Maria Christina,
Queen Regeut of Spain, in the
name of my August'son the King
Don Alionso XIII, do hereby
resolve :
The patronage established by
the law of Feburary 13th 1880
shall cease immediately after the
publication of this Decree in the
Island of Cuba.
The authorities shall cause the
provisions of the 4th Section of the
regulation ot theSfch of May 1880,
to be scrupulously observed, and
the emancipated slaves to be at
once furnished with the schedule
which the article 83rd of the said
regulation refers to.
The provincial and local Boards,
instituted by the loth article of the
law ot Febuary 13th 1880, are abol
ished, and all the provisions con
trary to the present Decree are
null and void.
Issued at the Royal Palace of
Madrid this 7th day of Octobar, in
the year 1880.
(Signed) Maria Christina
By die minister of the Colonies
Geiman Germazo.
RESOLUTIONS :
Whereas Maria Cristiua, Queen
Regeut of Spain, iu the name of
her August sou the Kiug Don Al
fonso XIII, did on the 7th day of
October, 18SG, at the Rojal Palace
of Madtid, sign aud promulgate a
Decree Emancipating the slaves of
Cuba , and,
Whereas, the said Decree has
gone into effect, and is cousouaut
with the enlightened spirit of the
Nineteenth Century;
Therefore, Be it resolveclThat,
we the citizens of the Capitol City
of the Uuited States, couveued for
the purpose of celebrating the ex
tinction of Slavery in North Amer
ica, extend our cordial thanks to
Senor German Gamago, late minis
ter of the Spanish Colonies, who
framed and presented the law of
February 13th 1880, upou which
the Decree was based ; to the Coun
cil ot ministers, and to her ma
jority, the Queen, for this distin
guished service to freedom and
civilization.
Resolved, That we extend our
congratulations to the people ot
Cuba iu general and to the ex-slav-
j es iu particular upon this their de
liverance irom the blighting curse
of slavery ; aud wish for the Island
tranquility and prosperity.
Resolvejo, that a copy of these
resolutions and the oration of the
historian, Col. Geo. W. Williams,
he sent to his Excellency the Span
ish minister at Washington, to be
forwarded to her majesty the Queen
of Spain.
After which the president, Mr.
W. Calvin Chase, delivered the fol
lowing address He said: 'La
dies aud gentleman, it has been
but a few years since the republic
of America deemed it wise to
liberate over four millions of rd . ves.
The party to which we have paid
our debt of gratitude for the aid it
rendered iu the emancipation and
enfranchisement of our people was
the party of 'Gl. But the party as
then existed is not the party of to
day. The old advocates of univer
sal Ireedou have passed away, and
uow we live uuder a new dispen
sation. Following the example of
America, the queen regent of
Spain, Maria Christina, issued an
edict which liberated over 200,000
Xegro slaves on the Island of Cuba,
which wipes out the last vestige oi
slavery on the Spanish domain."
Believing that an expression of
gratitude should emanate from the
Capitol ot the nation, the Philoma
thian Literary Society, by a resolu
tion, decided to hold a public meet
ing aud have au oration pronouue
ed by one whose ability and expe
nenee befit him for the task.
Those of us who have heard our
fathers say what slavery was can
but join in thanksgiving to God
and appreciate the Spanish govern
erumeut for blotting out from its
statute, a folly which caused the
United States the loss of many
thousand souls and made many
widows and orphaus. The Spanish
representatives iu this city cannot
help but appreciate the action of
their government. The freedom
theyenjoy in this land of the free
and the home of the brave mu-t
have caused them to rejoice at the
issuing of an edict by the queen re
gent of spain, which liberated over
200,000 ISTegro slaves. The Span
ish and English ministers in the
city have sent representatives to
this meeting so that they can con
vey to their respective governments
the thanks of a once enslaved race
of people in America. A country
whose costitutiou has failed to pro
tect its citizens; a government
whose south has writteu in blood,
oppression to the Negro ; a north
whose political strategy is une
qualled ; a statute book which virt
ually says Negroes can be shot down
9
in a court of justice and a Congress
which ordered by a resolution
an iuvestigati n has had no
more effect than ihe sound of a lo
comotive at a distance. This is the
freedom the Negroes have enjoyed,
to an extent, in America, since
their Emancipation. I hope this
will not be so in Cuba with the re
cent 200,000 Negro slaves Emanci
pated. I therefore introduce the
orator, Col. Geo. W. Williams.
Col. Williams delivered the ora
tion of the evening, which was a
most able and eloqueut discourse
He devoted considerable time to a
review of the history of Spain upon
the subject of slavery. Concludiug
this review, he said: "This hur
ried glance at Spanish history may
aid in a study of the lessons of the
occasion. Mexico aud the South
America republics, the offspring of
the Spanish crowu, have succeeded
under the greatest difficulties in
ridding themselves of slavery. The
statesman in thrse youthful nations
have long ago ri alized that slavery
in a republic is a constant menace
to tree institutions, and have noted
1 that their growth and progress
have kept pace with the laws seek
ing extinction of human slavery.
All history, ancient and modern,
pagan and Christian, furnishes uni
form testimony against slavery.
The sura of all villauies, always a
curse but never a blessing, it has
imposed more suffering upon man
kind thau any other evil since the
world began." In concluding, he
said : "We have seen the eud of
human bondage among Christian
nations aud it will not be long ere
the evil will be abandoned by
heathen nations. The great prob
lem of to-day is that presented by
the breadwinners of the world. Dol
lars and cents are the facts under
lying all effort to civilize and chris
tianize maukind. Man's body must
be made comfortable before he can
reason about his soul. They must
have the material couditious friend
ly to high culture before they can
intelligently deal with questions af
fecting their spiritual welfare. It
is creditable to feed the hungry
and clothe the poor, but it is Chris
tianity itself to render unto every
mau what is justly his due. It is
one thing for a great state to ex
punge slavery from its statute
books and to place thereon laws
extending to the neople thus en
franchised the rights of citizen
ship,' but it is quite another aud
different thing to protect them in
the lawful exercise of these rights.
The most radicial reconstruction ist
in America cannot complaiu of the
character of uatioual legislation in
favor of the freedinen, but every
body knows that in most of the
southern states the rights of the
Negro race are not only uot accord
ed to them but actually trodden
under the remorseless irou heel of
bourbon despotism.
"God grant that the R- publican
party may believe more sincerely
iu the doctrine of human rights,
and when it returns to power again,
as it surely will, make life, liberty,
and the puiMiitot happiness a hv
iug reality in every state and terri
tory iu the Union. The malevo
lent race feeling still alive at the
south was recent y made disgust
ingly conspicuous in the city ot
Richmond, where a mob of 5,000
white citizens menaced the proceed
ings of a lawfully -assembled cou
veutiou of Americau laborers be
cause a Negro delegate occupied a
front seat in a public building.
But this feeling cannot long defy
the enlightened spirit of the nine
teenth century, for a few more Mich
violent paroxysms of uegrophobia
and race malice will expire."
But wheather the enfranchised
Negroes of southern U. S. get jus
tice done them or not, the emanci
pated slaves of Cuba will hence
forth find the shield of Spanish jus
tice over them and liberty will ev
er more have to them significant
meaning and glorious reality. Once
Cuba sat as a dark spectre in the
midst of the deep blue waters of
the gulf. But now she shines in
the diadem of liberty, and humani
ty, the world over rejoice in her
birth to a new and better life.
Once the moon of the Atlantic
ocean aud the sigh of the gulf of
Mexico answered the pering cry
of seperated children and discon
solated parents, but now they add
their voice to the graud diapason
"forever free" which turns the la
mentation of slaves into the exalta
tion of freemen Cuba adds new
radiants to the crown of human
liberty on the brow of civilization,
shediug a perilous light upon the
pathway of the nations of the
earth, and the Imperial Spanish
Throne the lui'.iby of which was the
shock of embattled arms, now
rests secured in the hearts of
greatfully, loy as subjects. No rev
olution, can ever rock that throne
or imperil its crown or sceptre;
-except, perhaps, iu behalf of still
wider liberty of government; for a
state without a king or nobles;
a church without a bishop. But
whatever the future history of Spain
shall be the friends of liberty
here iu this great Republic will
ever cherish a sentiment of profound
gratitude to the Spanish nation for
this noble Decree of Emancipation.
We remember yith conscious
pride the service which two roval
women of Spain have rendered the
cause of mankind; Isabella sent
Columbus ou a voyage which re
suited in the discovery of this Wes
tern continent ; and Maria Chris;
tina with the sweep of her impeii
al pen blotted out the last esrie
of slavery in North America. Bra
vo! Epana! The applause at
the conclusion of this oration was
deafeuing. It lasted three minutes
After which Mr. Butler sang au
original solo, entitled, 'Pretty Lit
tie Lillies. The Literary will meet
next Wednesday evening at (;,u
braith church, Gth St. bet. L ami
M sts., n. w. Miss Emma F. Mer
ritt will read a paper entitled the
"Stones with which we build."
WE ARE HERE FOR THAT
Our aim in life is to sell fine cloth
ing for men and boys at the lowest
prices possible. Consistent with
good goods aud honest workman
ship, we are doing it now ami
shall continue so to do so loti"
as the good people of Washington
continue the patronage they hae
so generously bestowed upon us.
Whether you come yourself or send
your child it is all the same. One
price to all. Courtesy to tlio-se
who honor us with a visit whether
it be one of inspection or purchase
is, and ahv.iys shall be a character
istic of our House.
Grolden JEag-o
CLOTHING Co.
N. W. CORNEE OF 7TH D STREETS.
(All Blue Signs.)
J. M. Grady, Manager.
DR.B.J. CAMPBELL.
Dentist.
23d 2nd Street, Northwest.
One trial will give satisfaction.
EHIUJIEIIEBr
Dealer in
WIHES. MOTTOES &
737 7Ll st.. ii. w.
WASHINGTON, D. C
oct. 30, t. I'.
TieifoaoSi &;33ro.
HATTJgES,
To. 623, Peuna. Ave., N. W.,
OFFER EXTRA LOW PRICES
THIS SEASON LS TJNTDEPv-
WE li, NECKWEAR AND
HOSIERY AND HATS.
Viz: Men's while merino shirts,
50 cts; Men's scarlet all wool shirts
1.00; Men's heavy Camel's hair
shirts and drawers, $1.00.
Colored, extra heavy men's halt
ho3e, regular made, (double feet)
25 cts.
Fine quality black Derby, $1.50,
2.00, 2.25, 2.50, and 3.00
Pilk Hals at 4.50, 5 00 and 6.00.
Sole agency for Dr. Lairitz line
wool underwear pronounced by
the leading physicians of Europe
and America, a3 the beat cure for
Rheumatism.
GALBRAITH A. M. E. ZiON
CHURCH.
6th st., betweeu L & M sts., n. w.
GPvAND HARVEST HOME.
Commencing Tuesday evening,
Nov. 23rd and continuing four ev
enings. The special feature are
the "beautiful Harvest Table, Pas
tors Trtble, four Harvest Queens,
Cafe Extraodinary, the church is
elaborately and beautifully deco
rated aud a fine program each eA
ening.
TICKETS, - 15 cts.
PURPOSE
Pt vPHBHJMv ilH
HR - t iB
WiUTPn 1 inYAcMT and Intelligent, to
wltn i-Jlw J represent In her own locality
an old firm. Keference required. Permanent position
ad good salary. GAY& BROS.. 12 Barclay St.. tf. Y-
iff'
ml
w.Mrai,ivilC.vLSt-F,. w'!'!
-JsuiMt.
I

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