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We disclaim ny responsibility for state
ments expressed by our correspondent
neither do we indorse all they say.
Correspondence on living topics is solicited
but to have attention must be brief.
Communications for flllfcatt? MY&
Rot necessarily or J
guarantee of cood faith.
W. CALVIX CHASE, EDITOR.
Tne people's j-jurual is tije J5le.
Subscribers are requested to pa
A few colored policemen Col.
A new Iligb and Normal school
building wanted immediately.
We want and must have 10,000
If you want a live paper
Mr. Blaine will not be nominated
"We want 10,000 subscribers by
the middle of next year.
A new high and-normal school
building wauted at once.
We would suggest that pay for
substitutes in tbe pub ic schools be
ganize a leachers' relief lund.'1 Tt
is absolutely necessary.
Before cur subscribers spend
all their money please remember
We respectfully request those
who intend to receive INew Tears
dav to send in their names at once.
If you want first class job work
pationize the National Printing
Co., 1109 I St., n. w.
A new party is what the coun
try wants. Ben Butler at the
head of it will suit us.
The Bee is the oulv colored
newspaper in the city. It is the
greatest advertising medium in
Would it not be a good thing
for the Commissioners to appoint
a lew colored men to offices as a
recognition of their merit?
We would suggest that Misses
Daffin, Faik, Merritt, Howard,
.Mrs. Tucker and others organize
a teachers' relief iund.
The Cape Fear Advocate pays
the Bee and Philomaihian Society
a compliment by reproducing the
report of the meeting on the negro
3So 2egro has a right to leave
the republican party. John G-.
Ingalls, of Kansas.
We can" better show him than
tell him if Matthews is not con
firmed. Among the candidates for the
next republican convention are,
A. M. Clapp, Dr. Adams, Perry
H. Carson, Geo. Holmes, Andrew
Gleason, D. W. Cahill. With the
exception of Cahill, we are of the
opinion that the others stand a
poor show. Carson and Gleason
are Blaiue men, Cahill and Adams
are Logan men. GChere are several
dark horses in the field who are not
known as yet.
"We want to say here and now,
as plain as language can make it,"
that Ex-minister Smyth, R. W.
Thompins, andW.H. Black, rep
resent politically, socially, financi-1
r-jt!y, morally and educationally a
larger, more inteligent and solid
( class of citizens in the District of
Columbia tban John Wesley Crom-
.well cau ever hope to reach iu this
world or the next.
The attention ot our readers is
called to au extract from the 2ST. Y.
Herald of the 21st inst., relative to
the Matthews case. The facts are
stated cleaily and tersly and the
objections to Mr. Matthews confir
mation are sumned up in one siugle
word "color." Can our Republican
Senators afford to go into the cam
paign of '88 with such a record. We
John Wesley Cromwell grows
spasmodic over the fact that Hon.
John H. Smyth, late minister to
Liberia was generous though to go
forward and say a kind word in
favor of a political opponent, the
associate of his youth. Aud he
raves about it like a mad bull.
Come brother Cromwell, how many
months has it been since you were
asking for democratic support for
your re-instatement in the Sixth
Auditors office Treasury Depart
ment. --. -t.r ui-vjui "
tory of colored journalists and it
is hoped that our contemporaries
will respond immediately to our
request in the Bee. Having beeu
elected historian of the Cvdored
press at the convention of the as
sociation August 3d, it is our ob.
ject and aim to compile a complete
and concise history of all Negro
editors in this country which has
never been done.
t VDUVlUb UIC
The proposition of President
Cleveland fir the government to
assume the liabilities uftLeFreed
men's bank coutinues to gain
favor. Lastweek Air Tienholm
the controller of the currency
went before the House committee
on Banking and currency in be
half Of the sufferers by the bunk
failure and was lequested by said
committee to frame a bill which
would meet the President's views.
Iu this coni.ection we take occa
sion to wai n all tin se who hold
claims against the Freedmen's
bank to beware of per?ous seeking
to purchase such claims ut heavy
discount. The bill, if passed will
relieve many suffering people and
it ought to be drawn so as to se
cure to the depositors not cnly the
principal but the interest from tbe
date of the bank's failure.
Down in South Carolina, the
legislature is doing its utmost to
discourage the organization of tbe
Knights of Labor. A. bill has
passed the State senate making it
an offense punishable by line and
imprisonment for any person to
establish labor organizations. TLe
bill seeks to suppess these labor
organ iz it ions by the artful guise
of protecting faimers who employ
colored hands against the inter
ference of contracts made beiweeu
the employer and employee. It is
a blow aimed at the fieedom of
the coloted people of South Caro
Iiua and to have the wages of la
boring men regulated by the land
owners aud capitalists ot the Pal
metto sate. It is no woider the
people are restless and desire to
emigrate to the west uhere the
rights ol Americau citizens are
recognized and respected regard
less of the color ot the man.
This lynching business ought
to be stopped or the courts anni
hilated one or tbe other. Eveiy
day the dispatches from the south
ern states bring news of Negroes
lynched by white men. In many
cases the accused upon the flimsi
est suspicion are taken out by
armed mobs and riddled with
nuneiB vl Lung -bo tko uount
tree: What kind of justice is this
to dispense in America boasled
laud of the free and home of the
brave, with a g: eat statue of Lib
erty claiming to enlighten the
world? It is a shame to the civi
lization of the jge, a blot on ihe
judiciary of the country and an
outcropping of the worst forms of
barbarism. If the states cannot
maintain their sovereignty and
permit their criminal courts deal
with criminal caes then they
should appeal to the general gov
ernment for help.
Major Fleetwood says in his
letter just what we corrected last
week. We stuted that Maj. Bos
ton was not guiliy of mismanage
ment or misapproj riating the
funds of the Cadis. This is what
we said aud if Major Fleetwood
says to the contrary, it is left for
himself and Mtgor Boston tosetile.
We know nothing about it. M j.
Boston sbow.d us a number ot
notes" that he had paid and in
formed us that he never misap-
propriated one cent of the Cadets'
money, Maj. Fleetwood in his ar
ticle in the Bee two weeks ago
charges Major Boston with what
Maj. Boston saye he iB not guilty.
We have the right to believe one
as the other. We have no fight
to make against Major Boston or
the Cadets nor do we intend to
shoulder the responsibility of any
charge made against hiin. We
have always found him tobe an
honest and upright man.
Rev. J C. Price of JStarth Caro
lina was invited to speak on tem
perance within the classic walls
of a white college in South Caro
lina and was presen'ed by the
students thereof with a gold headed
cane as a mark of their apprecia
tion ot his speech.
Ot course this is an advance step
toward the goal of better limes
and of amicable relations between
the raie3 in the South Carolina
and many platitudes and psalms
of praise will be sung in honor of
the white people of that state for
this new departure of hand shaking
the .Negro. But set along side of
in ia treaiiiietu ui iLiegreui inasa oi
voteisand laboring men a8 evi
denced in the glaiing
frauds in the late election
in Gen. Robert Smalls' district
and the later legislative stroke
against labor organizations and
the gold headed caue with the
ceremonious dwiudle into insigni
ficance. It is the condition of the
masses that ueeds to be bettered
rather thau the petting of a few
Senator Ingalls claims that a
colored mau who votes the demo
cratic ticket is au ingrate. What
we want to know is this: Is it any
body's business how a cuionoH man
votes, or for whom he vote?, so
long as he is conscientious in ex
ercisiug his right of suffrage for a
man for office whom he thinks
will honor the position and serve
the bist interests of the people?
Carl Schnrtz, Ilenry Ward Beech
er, George William Curtis and
many life long republicans saw fit
to vote for Cleveland, preferring
him to Blaine, and probably have
seen no caue to regret their action.
B3 what authority has any one to
question the right of a colored
man to vote for Cleveland in pref
erence to Blaine. All this clamor
bosh. The colored people like a
ilock of sheep following after a
-an of salt have been blindly fol
lowing the leadership of men who
ouly want the 2S"egro vote to be
used as a cat's paw to rake out
emolument chestnuts for them
selves. It is time for the colored
voter to think and act for himself
and be a Piohibitionist, Indepen
dent, Democrat or Republican as
he sees fit.
year I8b is last rolline-
away to increase the volume of
tho unrelenting Past, a few more
doys and a, non jul viii uc udu-
ered into the boiders of time. To
many readers of "The Bee" the
past year has been fieighted with
rel'zed hopes and fortunes has
beckoned them into rich harvest
fields, joy and gladness have glad
dened their hearts aud life to them
seemed a precious boon. To oth
ers the gloom of sorrow, affliction,
bereavement or misfortune ha
bri-oded over their lives the year
past. We nave our congratula
tions to bestow on those who
shared blessings in whatever wav
and extend our sympathy to such
as fortune seemed to frown upon,
and wishing the choicest blessings
tc all iu the fu'uie. "The Bee"
too haB had its "ups and downs,"
a lot which all newspapers experi
ence. Like most ii dividuals The
Bee hopes to extend its usefulness
a.d power in behalf of the best
interests of the people, in uphold
ing the right and denouncing the
wrong, defendiug the weak against
ihe strong aud to assist in ameli
orating the condition of the color
ed people throughout the country,
besides furnishing iuteres ing cur
rent news to our many readers.
In this effort to improve upon
the past, and to meet the wants
and requirements of an enlighten
ed and progressive community we
(.all on all 10 assist by subscription
to make "The Bee" felt as a power
for g od in Washington.
FIRST CLASS PAPERS.
One of the neatest, cleanest and
most interesting weeklies which
comes to this ofiice is the "Little
kook bun'7 edited by our old friend
Julian T. Bailey, Next among
our valuable exchanges is the Bee
of the lnmitable Chase. "Weekly
OUR EARLY BEE,
On account of Saturday being
Christmas and a holiday, we issue
the Bee earlier this week than
usual. As there have been seve
ral complaints made by bur sub
scribers of not re3eiving their pa
per until Monday, we shall
write a letter to Mr. Conger, the
postmaster and inform him. The
Bee is always issued regularly
from this office in time for the
mail; and if they are not received,
it is the fault of the Post office
which we shall endeavor to have
remedied. We don't believe that
it is iuteutional on the part of the
letter carriers but merely a slight
WHAT THE RACE IS DOING IN
ACQUIRING PROPERTY AND
There are 16,000 teachers.
There are 1,000,000 pupils in the
There are 15,000 male and female
in the higher schools.
There are 3,000,000 chnrch wor
ship There are 60 Normal schools.
There are 50 Colleges and Uni
versities. There are 25 Theological Semina
The race pavs taxes on from 5V
000,000 to 200000,000 of property.
Let us continue to move toward.
lThesuu do move." Cape Fear
IT WORRIES THEM.
The three colored men who went
to the Senate to advocate the con
firmation of Matthews, had a queer
idea of what constitutes a worthy
representation of their race. Do they
want to see Matthews richly paid
for playing ! renegade and trai
tor to his own people, and crook
ing the pregnant hinges of the
knee where thrift would follow
fawning? Do they forget that
Frederick Douglass, whose fame as
their leader has gone around the
world, was crowded out, to make
room for this obscure political
healer from Albany? It is gratify
ing at least that there were only
three fouud to go on such an er
rand, and only one of them of auy
prominence. "The Republic."
The three colored gentlemen
who called on Mr. Ingalls, of the
Senate seem to worry our esteem
ed contemporary. The Republic
says that Mr. Matthews is a traitor
trickery of the republican party
and its ingratitude to the Negro,
after having used him to further
and to promote its selfish ambition,
coustitutues a traitor, then Mr.
Matthews is a traitor. If denounc
ing thieves of the freedman's sav
ing bank and white livered rene
gades who robbed the poor and
helpless Negroes constitutes a
traitoi , then Mr. Matthews is false
to his race.
What has become of the repub
lican political healer who turned
the states of Louisana, South Car
olina and other southern states ov
er to the bourbon democracy?
The younsr Amorip.an wjtu the
uumoattiveness of a Parneli and
and reason of a Gladstone are now
advocating universal freedom.
The Negro press of today leads aud
declars eternal vigilence is the
price of liberty.
THE SENATE AJSD A COLOR
Last March the President nom
inated Mr. James C. Matthews, a
lawjer of Albany, and a man oJ
color, to "be Recorder of Deeds in
the District of Columbia. When
he sent his name to the Senate, re
port says there was consternation
among the republican Seuators.
They "held up the nomination"
from March until August aud
made rigorous inquiries into his
character and abilities, which re
sulted in the proof that Mr. Mat
thews is a man of unimpeachable
character, of good standing in the
community and a really able law
yer, respected by his white breth
ren at the Bar. Objection baviug
been made that he was not a
resident of the District of Colum
bia, it was further shown to the
re ublican Senators that the oi
fice has never from its creation
been filled by a resident of the
District. Mr. Frederick Douglass
was a !N"ew Yorker, confirmed bv
republican Senators, and before
him came a Louisianian, and citi
zens of Ohio, Maryland, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, and so on-
uer once a resident of the Dis-
n ,r 1T
i5at ' lVlaltDew is a colored
mau we,1 80 ls Mr -Douglass,
whom yet the republican Senate
confirmed without hesitation,
And yet,.against all precedents,
the republicans of the Senate re-
jected the nomination of Mr. Mat
Common report says because he
is a colored democrat. Senator
Ingalls is reported to have laid
down the rule ior ms ienow re
publican Senators that "a colored
democrat is a monstrosity and we
niu-t crush him. And so the
republicans ot the Senate last
August, after five months' delib
eration, rejected Mr. Matthews.
Our Washington correspondent
reports that the President per
haps shocked at such republican
proscription iutends to Fend in
the name of Matthews once more
Our correspondent adds that the
President has been assured by
prominent lawyers having to deal
with the Recorder's office that in
tbe time he has occupied the office
xMr. Matthews has been an excep
tionally capable Recorder, and
that Mr. Cleveland believes this
fact ought to be considered by the
Senate, as Mr. Matthews did not
take possession of the place untii
midsummer and about the time
The Herald is lor fair play. We
hope the President will send Mr.
Matthews once more before the
Senate, and as the peculiarities of
this case interest us, we have
caused inquiry to be made of the
leading real estate, lawyers of
Washington men of the highest
character in their profession, some
republicans, some democrats and
find that without exception these
say freely aud decidedly that Mr.
Matthews is an admirable officer
that he has greatly improved the
condition of tbe Record office, that
by his constant aud skilful atten
tion to his duties he has lessened
the labors of those who have to use
records ; in short, he is, according
to all the testimony we have had
gathered on the subject (aud
which is at the service of the Sen
ate,) an exceptionally good Record
er of Deeds.
Some of the gentlemen who Have
thus testified are opposed to him
on the ground that they prefer a
resident of the District, but that
has not prevented them from testi
fying unreservedly to his excellence
If, then, the President again
sends Mr. Matthews before the
Senate, what the republican Sena
tors will have to decide upon seems
to be this: Whether they will re
ject a man proved to be exception
ally capable, eligible by an un
broken line of precedents, of high
character both in Drivate life and
at the Bar, and reject him on the
simple ground that he is a colored
The Senate choses to discuss and
act upon nominations in secret.
We have often said that we think
tbis a bad practice, and we have
often been told by Senators that we
are mistaken. But here is a case
which the public would like to see
the Senate discuss with open doors.
! aud maiuly to gratify a not im
proper curiosity a natural desire
to know who among the seventy
six United States Seuators are so
un-American, so intolerant, such
haters of liberty, that they will
vote to reject a colored man, of
proved high character, of good
staudiug at the Bar, whose conduct
of his office is certified tobe un
commonly able and good, solely be
cause this colored citizen has chos
en to exercise his right of judg
ment on political questions.
-l it really true that men like
Sherman, Evarts, Edmnnds, Log
an, Hoar, Hawley, Piatt, Aldrich
and'Miller have got down so low as
to follow Senator Ingalls when he
declares that a democratic colored
man must be crushed? New York
TO THE COLORED EDITORS
Washington D. C, Dec. 9, 1886.
To enable me to compile a correct
history of the colored press and
make a concise report, of newspap
ers edited by colored men to
the next convention of the Colored
National Press Association, the
colored editors throughout the
United States, are requested, 1st.
To send a copy of their paper to
my address regularly.
2nd. The number of papers pub
lished, in their state, city or town,
wueu esiaoiisneu and when suspen
ded. 3d. A brief biographical sketch
of each editor is requested, with a
cut of himself.
4th. The number of retired col
editors iu their respective state,
city, ortjwn, their worth in real
5th. Whether their journals are
democratic, republican, independ
ent or published in some other in
terest. 6 th. Whether they own their own
material and how much, whether
they print their own paper or have
it done elsewhere.
7th. I shall expect a correct and
truthful report and if any fraud" or
misrepresentation is detected, It
will operate against the editor or
editors. Colored exchanges please
W. Calvin Chase,
Historian of the Colored Press
11091 st., n. w!
WE ARE HERE FOR THAT
Our aim in life is to sell fine cloth
ing for men and boys at the lowest
prices possible. Consistent with
good goods and honest workman
ship, we are doing it now and
shall continue so to do so lon
as the good people of Washingtoa
continue the patronage thy have
so generously bestowed upon us.
Whether you come yourself or send
your child it is all the same. One
price to all. Courtesy to those
who honor us with a visit whether
it be one of inspection or purchase
is, and always shall be a character
istic of our House.
N. "W. COEKEE OF 7TH D STREETS.
(All Blue Signs.)
J. M. Grady, Manager.
.A-iier'baeii 8c Bro
No. 623, Peuna. Ave., N. W.,
OFFER EXTRA LOW PRICES
THIS SEASON IN UNDER.
WE AR, NECKWEAR AND
HOSIERY AND HATS.
Viz: Men's white merino shirts,
50 cts; Men's scarlet all wool shirts
1.00; Men's heavy Camel's hair
shirts and drawers, 1.00.
Colored, cttra heuvv mon'a ho4
hose, regular made, (double feet)
Fine quality black Derby, 1.50,
2 00, 2.25, 2.50, and 3.00
Pilk Hats at 4.50, 5.00 and 6.00.
Sole agency for Dr. Lairitz fine
wool un lerwear pronounced by
the leading physicians of Europe
and America, as the be9t cure for
REAL ESTATE AGENT
HO. 407 41-2 STREET, S. W.
Rents not being paid on the day
they are due, notice will be served
the day following.
FSIED OYSTEES IK SOXES
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Tuesday Dec. 14th, 736and contin-
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Dealer In, BUTTER, EGGS &
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of all Sizes.
Write for Circnlar and teU us what you -want.
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Eastern Agents, Htt.t, Cxjuuoc & Co.. Boston. Haas.
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