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THROUGH THE GRANDEST SCENERY IN
AMERICA ALL TRAINS VESTIBULE
ELECTRIC LIGHTEb, STEAM HEATE
ALL MEALS SERVED IN DINING CARS
STATION SIXTH AND B STREETS.
Schedule i effect i'ecember 16, 189S.
a: i m. daily-Ciucititiati and St. Louis
Special-Solid train lor Cincinnati. PulJman
sfcpers to Cincinnati, Lexington, Louisville,
Indianapolis and St. Louis without change.
Pariorcars Cincinnati to Chicago. Connects at
Covington, Va. for Virginia Hot Springs.
11:10 P M DAILY F. F. V. Limited-Solid
trtm lor Cincinnati. Pullman sleepers to Cin
rjunati, Lexington and Louisville without
change. Observation Car. Pullman Compart
ment Cai to Virginia Hot Springs, without
change, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays.
Daily connection for the Springs. Sleepers
Cincinnati to Chicago snd St. Louis.
ii:5 a. m Exckpt bUNDAY Parlor Car Wash
ington to Richmond and Richmond to Old Point.
Only ran line, via Penn., R. F. & P. and C. &..
30 P M DAILY For Gordonsville, Char
lottesville, Staunton and for Richmond, daily,
Reservations and tickets at Chesapeake and
3hio offices, 513 and 14.21 Pennsylvania Avenue,
H. W. FULLER,
Gneral Pabsenger Agent.
Anyone sending a pkelch and description may
1s!AIt ascertain our opinion free whether an
bTwiiinn s probnhly patentable. Communica
Mrsjtriitlycontldentini. Handbook on Patents
loirfrop oMost acency foi secunnp patents.
I'ne .is t.iki?n through .Munn & Co. receive
rtc nlnJier, without charce, in the
A hnv ir:rif'v illustrated weeklv. Larcest cir-
t . ,v Hoientlfle journal. Terms. $3 a j
..u "ths, fL Sold by all newsdealers. ,
;3:u Bv6iBradway New York
h l&m ti klaral
Pure Old Berkshire Rye Whiskey a
specialty io cents per drink; $1,00
W; 50c pint; 25c half pint,
not soup ser-ced free every day from
a. m. to 3 p. m. Bush's famous Beer
5C per bottle.
N. W., Washington, D. O
THE NEW WEBSTER
, JDSTPDBLISHED-ENTmELYKEW. i
Bev?J'in,,yf tho Sch00l or the Library.
MnrL I?n "M lxen in progress for over 10 Yearn
wore tma 100 editorial laborers employed.
SitU 1 C x'1cn.dc( before first copy was printed
m 7 .fwninatlon invited. Get the Best.
C V B spl'era. Illustrated pamphletfres.
C. HIERRiAat & CO., Publishers,
Springfield, Mass., U. S. A.
S ..", T1,cro havo recently been issued
Sr,,''P,r?Vrh,Jtof 'th0 18" edition f
iac J aaVged Dictionary, nneditionlong
ww a,muatd. These books are given
SWWetetei-a Unabridged," Thi
feSal- uLD1Ct ?Fy ", "Webster's Big
rj ,,, ebster's Encyclopedic Dictiona-
8rvaL'Rnr,ouncement3 concerning them are
. i'i 44 .' Vi :in,5' M ihQ body of eac. from A to
ietv, d,a?c? Pptedfrom cheap plates
L Photographing the old pages.
The Hu Hall Ri,fru .-c .. :
He. ",vv'James Stevens proprietor.
J 0 GONSU MPT5VES 6
J" s-i nf i. -;-I4ver Oil h.d "hosphate o
a . nl Iron. ' -k- . . 1 "
'wU'iX7"'"i"t'Jx its present form can' "0
" "'""va I'rciitirauun Known tun1.
8:. i r,,!d,v,Kor to "esb.nerre. biood land
, 225 Pa. ave. &!212 B st., n. w.
I Wm. H. Lee. Pro
SAMUEL G. STEWART
1141 7th St.,bet L & M Sts., NW
1 SlitS Vbisej' A SPECIALTY
1 and all the, Popular Brands
The largest glass of HenricIVs
BEER IN THE CITY.
Wholesale and Retail
1519 Seventh Street, N, W,
'.:r 3 0.
Rectifier and Wholesale and
Retail Dealer in
439 K STREET, N. W.
Agent for SovtTtern Rovqvst
Importer and Dealer in Foreign
WINES AND LIQUORS,
812 F STREET, N. W.
" BERKLEY "
Pare Rye Whiskey.
wines and Liquors,
1315 Seventh street, .V W .
Between N an i O Streets
Rudden'5 'Furniture House, S7th
. -xr .. . f.
street, n. w. You can get an outfit
here cheap. Just drop in and be sat-
f Illla Wllfc
Importer of and Wholesale
Dealer In the
at First Hand Price.
909 7th Street, Northwest.
CITY HALL BUFFET
456 Louisiana Aveuue, n. w JJJ
Baker Whisky A Specialty.
When you are hungry or
Thirsty Go to
F fcF. O'Conner,
617 D Street, northwet.
Where you will alwaysfind a
choice line of Whiskies and
Liquors. Oysters in erery
Style. All are treated right.
DON'T, BUI WILL
No. 3288 M Street, Northwest,
GEORGETOWN D 0.
i gNrw7Cor. 7th and H stsS." W." -
One of tie best places in S'h WasMnjj
Wines, Liquors, and Cigars
Of the finest brands,
FRESH BEER DAILY.
XXXX Mountain Pimlico Club. -P.
Wines and Liquors.
831 14th Street Northwest.
Nav. 21 (3 rnos)..
Louis J. Kessel
Importer of and Dealer in
Wines & Liouors
Specially for medicnal and family
OXFORD and TREMONT, Pure
425 Tenth Street Northwest.
Washington, D. C.
Pure Old Straignt Kye Whiskey
Wines &; Liquors,
Cigars & Tobaeeo.
Also Manufacturer of fine Cigars.
90 Eifth Street Northwest.
Washington, D. C.
Wm. H. HOOKER,
PROPRIETOR OF THE
WINES, LIQUORS, AND CIGARS.
Meals at all Hoars, aad Gsjoe la Seasoa.
1229 D Street, southeast,
Washiacte. D. C
DEALER IN FINE
WfittS . AND
anpony Li i ;t. ( ij. ;.
A. H. Cole, Proprietor.
Special Rates To Theatrical Troupes
Bar Stocked With The Finest in.
ported Wines, Liquors and
Terms : $1.50 toS.OO per day.
$7 to 12 per wee' '
- Howard and Saratoga Streets,
" -BALTIMORE, MD.,;
Oars to and from all Depots pass the Hat
Cor 19th & L sts.
Harper WhisKer a Spqcialt'
WHITft HALT, ft CO.
E; EL Downham & Co
No. 107 Kma Snss?
LD DOMINIOK FAMHiT
BYE -AND MOUNT VEBNON
WHISKIES A BPEOIALTY.
Nov. jth f
um 11 ,i 1 1 , -
Recommended by Leadine
They Always Please
! MS CALLim '
NONE BETTER AT ANY PRICE
UT "These patterns are sold in nsirly
every cuy ana town in tne United states.
If your dealer does not keep them send
oireci to us. une cent stamps received.
Address your nearest point.
THE McCALL COMPANY,
138 to 146 W. 14th Street. New York
180 Fifth Ave.. Chicago, and
1051 Market St., San Francisco.
Brightest Magazine Published
Contains Beautiful Colored Plates.
Illustrates Latest Patterns, Fash
ions. Tancv Work.
Agents wanted for this magazine in every
locality, uaauutui premiums lot a little
un. r rue or terms ana oiner partic
ulars. Subscription only SOc per year.
inciuatng a i i.tua. rattern.
Address THE McCALL CO.,
138 to 146 W. 14th St., New York
1 vm m,
302 Exchange Place,
FBABY8 OWL WHISHBY,
BAKBE'8 PUBB BYE
AND HOSS AND
PATAPSOO CLUB WHISKEY.
BBANDIES, WINES, GIN8,
ALE, AND STOUT, ETC.
P. 0. BOX 446.
TELEPHONE CALL 157.
If r. jata 1 bma.
M " "
Illustrating: -the Sense of the Elephant
and the Horse.
From the huge elephant to the tiny
ant, the entire animal kingdom offers
stories and facts which should enlist
the sympathies and engage the inter
ests of the human being who has, in
quaint, old-fashioned speech, "domin
ion over them."
In the whole animal creation there
is not to be found a creature more in
telligent, more easily managed or more
likely to become the friend of man than
the elephant. The natives of India,
recognizing this, treat him with ven
eration and -respect; but, on the other
hand, the ferocious brutishness of the
African negroes, incited by the crim
inal cupidity of Arab and European
ivory merchants, transforms into a
savage beast an animal best suited by
nature to be man's associate.
A Hindoo hunter was once known to
have become so fond of an elephant
which he had caught and tamed that
rather than have his tusks sawed off
for the sake of the ivory he allowed
himself to live in penury.
A famous general once said: "The
most piteous thing after a battle is the
sight of wounded horses. The men are
cared for, but the poor horses are left
to die in agony."
The horse enters into the spirit of a
battle like a human being. He shows
no fear of death and no sign of panic
in all the wild tumult of the battle's
din. A horse in one of the batteries
in the Murfreesboro fight had his skull
split by a piece of shell so that one
side was completely loosened. The
driver turned him loose, but he walk
ed up to the side of the gun and "watch
ed the firing, following the shots with
his gaze as if to note their effect on
the enemy. When he saw the team he
had worked with being driven back for
ammunition he ran to his old place and
galloped back with the rest, and when
an officer pushed him aside to have
another horse put in he gazed at the
newcomer with a most sorrowful ex
pression in his eyes. Then, seeming
to realize that the glory of battle was
ho more for him. he walked slowly
away, lay down and died. The officer
who owned him declared that it waa
not the wound, but a broken heart,
that killed him.
Handlnesa In Machine Tools.
One of the features of the machine
tools of American make which almost
invariably elicits favorable comment
in other countries is handiness. It is
not that the American workman is es
sentially a creature of comfort which
has inspired constant seeking after
conveniences, but the striving for
economy in methods, if not in pro
cesses, and for saving time, that is
characteristic of American ways of do
ing things and has ultimately left its
impress on the work of designers of
machinery. Precedent counts less with
him probably than with most designers
of other nationalities; it is txe new,
the untried, but possibly useful, which
appeals to him for experiment, and the
outcome of his enterprise has material
ized in many little labor-saving details,
which have helped to make an enviable
reputation for the output of the Ameri
can tool builder.
British builders, and those of the
continent as well, for that matter, are
rather apt to disregard conveniences,
and handiness in machine tools fre
quetly receives too little consideration
from them. In one instance cited re
cently an establishment was visited
where some large drilling machines,
made by a well-known firm, were in
use, and in which the various handles
and levers were particularly well ar
ranged. Remark concerning them
brought out the statement that it was
only after insisting on that arrange
ment and absolutely refusing to accept
the machines until they were put rigHl
that the desirable points were gained
by the purchasers. Little doubt was
expressed, however, that the makers
did not profit by the hint, but still con
tinue to make the machine for others
in the old style, although the improve
ment demanded could not fail to be
evident to all users. Conservatism of
this kind does not lead to a useful pur
pose. Diamond Saws
The use of the diamond saw for cut
ting stone is facilitating the erection of
buildings. The diamonds which form
the cutting teeth of the saw are com
mon crystals, fixed in a steel disc over
six feet in diameter, which is mounted
on a spindle, and revolved by steam
power, like an ordinary circular saw.
For sawing hard stones there are 200
diamonds in the cutting edge, and the
speed is 300 turns a minute. It ad
vances into the stone about a foot in
that time. For soft stones the teeth
are of steel, with diamonds at intervals
of every five teeth, and at a speed of 12
turns a minute the saw advances about
a yard in that time.
Two. well known temperance men of
Kirkaldy, Scotland, were upset one
night, when returning from a temper
ance meeting. In its account of the
mishap the local paper remarked:
"Fortunately both gentlemen were
sober at the time." This remark made
them indignant, and they wrote a letter
J to the editor, saying so. Whereupon the
editor kept up his end by printing this
apology in the next issue of the paper:
"Messrs. and demand an apol
ogy for our having stated that at the
time of their accident they were both
sober. We have pleasure in withdraw
ing our observation."
Ninety-five per cent, of all the tooth- j
picks made in the United States are
formed from white birch timber in
Franklin county, Me., and yet scarcely
more than 100 per cent, are employed
in the industry in that state.
; ORCHID HUNTING.
PERILSAND PRIZES OF THP SEARCH IN
A Growing Business That Employs Many
Millions of Capital The High Prices Cer
tain Varieties llrinsr Some of the Dan
gers la Collecting the Flower.
East or west the tropic islands are
among the happiest hunting grounds
for that flower of the air, the orchid.
Yearly many men go in search of them
at inconceivable risk of life and limb.
Some few are scientific enthusiasts, or
the agent of scientific institutes. The
most part, however, go for revenue
only. Not every man can hunt orchids
successfully in this calling, as in most
others, ability commands a high mark
Statistics are uninteresting still, it
is worth while to be told that the busi
ness of orchid growing and orchid col
lecting, though begun as late as 1830,
now employs a good many millions of
capital. Both here and abroad there
are collections whose value runs well
up into the hundred thousands, and
collectors with nerve enough to pay
$5,000 for a single specimen provided
it be sufficiently unique. Further, there
was at least one grower long-headed
enough to refuse more than $5,000 for
an absolutely unique plant. It waa
seedless and could be multiplied only
by the tedious process of routing leaf
cuttings hence, he saw hi3 profit in
such multiplication, and preferred to
sell a hundred plants at a thousand
each, even though he had.to wait some
years tp do it.
Such men stand back of the orchid
hunters proper. Usually three or four
Europeans go together to a tropic port,
engage from fifty to a hundred na
tives, buy all maaner of supplies, and
strike straight into the wildest inter
ior. Often the men carry everything;
sometimes there is a bullock train, or
even a train of bullock carts. But
that is impracticable in the true virgin
tropics, wherein the hunters find their
It is like a fairy tale to talk with
one of the returned explorers. You
hear of trees 300 feet high, literally
covered with orchids, or maybe a half
dozen species, each growing in its own
distinct zone or altitude. Some flour
ish only, upon the uppermost airy
boughs, others riot over the big
crotches where the branches come to
gether, still others ring with blossom
the mossy, boll, running up maybe 100
feet to the lowest limb. Sometimes
a tree is the fetish of the wild men
round about. In that case woe to the
sacriligious outlanders who lay hand
or foot upon it. More than one ex
' pedition has been massacred for such
cause. The destruction of such a tree
scattered and dispersed one of the sav
agest native tribes.
Their titular tree stood in a sort of
glade it had been seen by several
hunting parties, but none of them dar
ed touch it. When they went home
their accounts of it so wrought upon
the fancy of an English collector that
he offered an almost fabulous sum for
a section of the flower-wreathed trunk.
Next year the orchid hunters found
the native tribe at war, and taking
advantage of the diversion, cut down
the tree and sent a segment down to
the coast, where, after many trials and
tribulations, it was got safe aboard
ship and in the end was the season's
wonder of a London conservatory. The
native worshipers coming back to find
' what havoc had been wrought, at once
' decided that their god had deserted
them in anger, hastened to make peace,
I and ended by going in a mass to live
at the other side of their island.
Other than human enemies attack the
orchid hunters. One flower, especially
beautiful and of the most exquisite fra
grance, grows only in the tree tops,
and so high that it is found by scent,
not sight. Wherever it grows, it is
overrun with ant swarms, red ants, not
very large, but warlike, and with
poisonous stings. The minute a tree
trunk trembles beneath axe-strokes "
these ants swarm down and attack the
cutters most viciously, often forcing
them to suspend work. A more curi
ous thing is that the flowers will not
live and bloom away from the ants.
Boughs overrun with their roots have
been submerged until the ant-colonfeg.
were all clrowned, then packed and '
shipped with the rest. But though
given everything that the most finicky
orchid could ask in the way of light,
heat and moisture, they have merely
drooped and pined through one year
to die the next of simple inanition.
Then there are serpents, poison in
sects and vines and herbs as poisonous,
to say nothing of panthers, pumas,
hurricanes, and tropic thunderbolts.
Over against them set the pleasures of
absolute lordship, the wonderful sights
and sounds of the strangely beauti
ful tropic world, and beyond all that,
the hope, ever-present, ever luring, of
stumbling on a new flower worth
many times its weight in gold.
These are the prizes in the lottery
of orchids hence the necessity of
hunting them in their season of bloom.
The roots come snugly packed in
wooden boxes. Curiously, they will
not bear the least touch of metal. The
boxes are commonly dove-tailed, and
often beautiful specimens of native
joiner work. Each box is carefully
labeled, dated, and marked with the
temperature and altitude at which the
plants it holds were found. Then,
with more boxes of its own sort, it
is slung one side of a sleek bullock,
and balanced with still other boxes
while the beast ambles and stumbles
his way to the sea.
The Footmaa'H IVJjj.
The queen's footmen wear wigs
which have eight rows of curls, where
as those of the prince of Wales are al
lowed seven rows, and those of the lord
mayor of London are given six rows.
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