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S3E WASHINGTON BEE.
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I'M. ... .J
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Publish every Saturday at 1109 1 Stree
tfrthwest. Washington. D. c
Entered!- i&e h,i Office at Wasmngton
W. CAluVIN CHASE, Editor.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
One copy pei year I.oo
Six months J-
City subscribers,monthlY 2
SPECIAL NOTICE. J&
There are regular Authorized Col
lectors in the employ of THE BEE
Printing Co., and when they call to see
elinguent subscribers they are re-
quested to pay then, and not give tht
excuse that "they will teethe Editor."
The Editor has no litne to see the sub-
icribers, and it is oped that his
friends and the patrons of THE BEh
will pay the Collector when he calls.
Dreyf us fate Is still in the balance.
THE HAMPTON CONFERENCE
The Hampton conferences have
come to occupy much of the thought
and endeavoi of many of the seri
ous minds of negro people in the
District of Columbia and in the
States of Virginia, Maryland and
North Carolina. Their influence
reaches beyond the limits of the ter
ritory named. The third of these
conferences met in Academic Hall
of the Hampton Normal and Agri
Cultural Institute on Wednesday
morning, July 19. The concluding
session was held Friday morning,
July 21. Iu the three days for which
the conference was called five ses
sions were held. At these sessions
papers were read an d reports of com
mitcees were made covering many
phases of fhe negro question. The
subjects brought before the confer
ence related to education, domestic
economy, moral and religions ethics,
business and labor, vital :md Bani
tary problems, farming and litera
ture. Some of the reports and ad
dresses were of a very high order
and bore evidence of conscientious
and painstaking investigation and
careful preparation. Others were
lacking inthesequalitieBand hence
were wanting in the thoroughness
of treatment classification and as
similation of material which the
importance of the subjects handled
The report of Mr. Andrew F.
Hilyer on "The Attitude of Organ
ized Labor Toward the Negro " was
one of the best, if not the very beBt,
report read at the conference. It
will be very valuable, when pub
lished, for purposes of reference.
The report of Dr. Fnrman J. Shadd.
on "Vital and Sanitary Problems,'5
was thoroughly scientific in its clas
sification of facte and its treatment
of them. His facts were collected
and arranged with reference to cer
tain conclusions, and the conclu
sions were in each case supported
by the facts.
Of the papers read at the confer
ence the following are deserving of
mention as rfsing to the dignity of
the subjects of which they treated:
"A Few Hints to the Southern
Farmer," by Prof. Geo W. Carver,
of the Tuskopee Normal and Indus
trial Institute; "The Burden of
the Educated Negro Woman' by
Miss Lucy C. Laney, of Augusta,
Ga ; "Negro Business Enterprises
of Hampton, Va.," by Mr. Harris
Barrett, of Hampton, Va., and
" The Negro in Fiction as Portrayed
and Portray er' by Prof. W. S.
without amendment and after a
minimum of dbate. was,, to say the
least, a remarkable instrument. It
was alternately defiuite and vague,
pointed and pointless, strong and
weak, positive andvaci luting.
During the closing hours of the
conference one Rev. Mr. Campbell,
a Presbyterian miuister of Ashe-
ville, N. C, delivered an off hand
address of absorbing interest. He
is a Southern white man. He be
gan by saying he wanted to speak
his honest convic ions, and' plainly.
His address, boiled down, contained
three th ughts:
1. Negroes must c ase to speak
of the bad qualities of the Souther.
ifno anil milO-. ITllllfP f.hp TTUlRt". OT ianJ
the good qualities of these people.
2. Negro s mnst accept the ad
justment that has grown out of a.
hundred years of contact between
the two races at the Suuth, and
make that adjustment the basis for
the solution of the vexing problem.
"Unless that adjustment is accepted
as a basis, one race or the other will
3. Negroes must be negroes, and
must not try to be whi e men. He
said that God, and not man, made
the color line.
He was interrupted a number of
times' during the deliveiy of his
talk by questions from members of
the conference, which showed that
his remarks did not meet the views
of the questioners. When he had
Jconcuded the general discussion
which followed no doubt contrib
uted greatly to his enlightenment
as to the feelings and aspiratious of
decent, self-respecting negroes. All
who replied to him did so courte
ously, firmly an. pointedly.
The remarks of the Rev. W. V.
Tuunell were especiallyforcefulaud
The Hampton confer.-nces are,
bepond all question, doing a lasting
service in the direction of helping
the Colored ptople to better their
condition, and to command such
forces aB will lift them out of pr s
ent conditions. The subjects diB
cussed lie at the very bottom of all
essential growth and development.
These conferences are of especial
benefit to all persons engaged in the
work of disseminating life and light
among a people who have long b en
kept in darkness.
These conferen es are models of
order, decorum and decency. If
they served no other pnrpose than
the bringing together of large num
bers of colored persons who should,
without noise, tumult or rioc, dis
cuss questions of great moment to
the race, the holding of them would
be vindicated. But they serve
other and more vital purposep.
They lend their influence to encour
aging a desire for education, to im
pressing the dignity and necessity
of labor, the acquirement of prop
erty, the ; ttainment of skill, the
growth and preservation of morals,
a colored man in any position if he
is objectionable to the dominant
race. Doubtless the man is at the
head of a family, as was Mr.
Baker, lie should not be scored
Let Ingersoll reat. Let his doc
trine of infidelity be burnt to ashes
as a coward because he loves his L
The next Republican delegttion
that leaves this city will be a repre-
life. The happiness of some one
depends on that man's life. A
colored man's life is not too secure
farther north than Alabama if he
is opposea by the white men.
Think of the once happy Baker
family What has been done in
justice to those whose lives were
innocentlv sacrificed because Mr.
Baker had the courage to accept a
position to serve a set of people who
onenlv proclaimed their disapproval
! an i hnnihuf pfi nnt. f.n maVo crnnA
their thieato? Does the courage
he displayed help his case any?
Enough negroes are being butch
ered at any rate.
The man showed the genuine
sinew and muscle of courage and
miulini-8s when he declined prof
fered position. fIhe man who re
fuses a government position today,
especially a colored man, is to be
commended and not condemned.
No man is d ceitful who considers
his own welfare first. What does
it profit a man to become postmaster
and lose his life? Let a colored
man receive the protec ion to which
he is enthled-as an American citizen
and then there will be les3 objection
to him as an official. Of course it
is hard to feel that the co or of the
skin basso much to do with matters
pertaining to government. The
white man South does look at the
color of the skin. Efficiency, ability
and moral worth are secondary.
White men falling short in these
essentials have filled and are today
filling positions of trust under the
Government, not only South, but
in other sections- Wh&t is it, then,
that makes him acceptable while ne
lacks these important attributes?
A poor, illiterate white man is more
to be de-ired than a refined, edu
cated and upright colored man.
There will always be some unjust
comment if a colored man dare to
think and act for himself. Let us
have more men who can see danger
at a distance and turn away there
from. Our contemporary, the Evening
Star, could not pull che Post Office
and the necessity of upright, conse
crated, self-denying leadership. It
cannot be but that the Hampton
conferences, the Tuskegee confer
ences and the Atlanta conferences
will greatly stimulate our people in
the efforts they ake for social,
moral and economic growth and
The Personal Liberty League
ought to give itself a rest.
NOT A FOOL.
We think the Mobile Press too
severe in its criticism of a colored
man -who .recently refused the ap-
Scarborough, of Wilberforce Uni- pointmentof postmaster in a small
The general discussion had on
these reports and papers was at all
times spirited, and in many in
stances pointed, pertinent and illu
minating. As is usual at all large
gatherings, and most small ones,
there were present a number of
persons who insisted upon talking
at all times and on all subjects,
whether they were able to contribute
any enlightenment or not. These
vain-glorious, self-exploiting indi
viduals, like the poor, we have with
us always, and they are to be en
dured with equanimity and philoso
phy, rather than treated with re
sentment or coutempt, unless it be
con tempt of the silent variety.
The report of the Committee on
e s olutins, wliich was adopted
town in Alabama. A manly man
is to be admired at all times. The
time is now that a colored man
needs be very careful of hiB every
movement. Greed of sain must
not be uppermost. If a colored
man received proper protection
from the hands of thoBe who are
in position to protect him he would
be more willing to accept any posi
tion tendered him.
The Press says the man who
refused 'to take the job" was
mean, weak-kneed, deceitful, and
needB to jump into the river and
drown. Yes, under the present
circumstances, he might as well
drown himself as to take a position
if the white people he is to serve
do not want liim. This govern-
Whatever may have been the
views of Col., Robert G. Ingersoll,
the American people must admit
one fact -.that he was a friend to
humanity. Whatever may have
been his belief or disbelief as to tha
existence of the Deity he knew no
man by the color of his skin.
While the body of the dead orator
lay within the silent precincts of
his manBion, while the tears and
throbs of a iaithful wife and loving
daughters caused the hearts of their
household to soften and tanght a
lesson that the infidel endeavored
to bury one which has given salva
tion to the soul ; a lesson which
thousands have heard, and vast
numbers have gone to their graves
believing that the teachings of
Robert G. Ingersoll were lessons to
oe handed down to posterity. The
sobs of the wife and daughters told
the story. They repudiated the
existence of a God, as taught by
she husband and the father.
This may be an age of reason ;
this may be an age in which the
wise may tell the ignorant that it is
folly to believe there is a God Did
the widow weep to bring back the
dead ? Did the daughters sob be
lieving that their tears would bring
forth life again? Then, as
"Sorrow never could revive the
So we weep because we weep in
They mnst have had some belief in
the existence of a supernatural
His death is a warning to the
infidel, it is a warning to the false
hearted, and his teachings are eter
nal damuation to those who do not
believe in the existence of a God
He was too good not to have
believed in the God who rules the
destinies of natious. He was too
good a man to have wasted his time
in preaching the doctrine of the
nonexistence or the injustice of that
God to whom nations, principalities
ment is utterly powerless to protect and potentates have piid homage.
THE PARTY'S BURDEN.
There can be noticed with a great
deal of surprise the seemingly an
tagonistic utterances of the colored
press and alleged colored repre
sentatives against President Mc
Kinley. his administration, and the
principles of the Republican party.
Does it ever occur to the colored
citizen that the burdens of the
Republicsn party are due to its
defense and recognition of him in
the American body politic ? Does
the colored man realize the fact
that the attacks of the enemy
against the Republican party are
due to its continued recognition
cf him? If the Negro voter can
find anything in the principles of
the Democratic party to support
let him go and support that party
t is certainly strange why the
Negro voter continuallly threatens
to bolt the Republican party and
go to his oppressor is beyond the
conception of political philosophers
One of the greatest burdens the
Republican party had was the
emancipation if over four mi lions
of slaves, which cosn the nation
thousands of lives and billions of
dollars. The Negro votor certainly
forgets his former condition and
the barbarity of his oppressors.
The next burden of the Republican
party was the covering up and
vindication of the blunders made
under Negro rule in the South a
little subsequent to reconstruction.
Before the colored voter takes a
hasty step be should hesitate for a
moment and say to himself "where
am 1 at?"
The principles by which the Re
publican leaders have been actu
ated were not from selfish mo
The Bee's advice is. let the
Negro look about him and remem
ber wisely the burdens of the
Repulican party and his past
Ever since the emancipation of
ne in egro the great question that ' Pred I "te 3whof the &.y.th
has agitated the public mind themselves obnoxious m ?h! re'ldr-r
orators, pol.ticians, and all other ?;-, :I6sucuhu0rsoa . rner ai
agitators is the Bolution of .under cover of night beh "
tbe Kegro question This ques- 0 &$
tion has worried statesmeu ; col- who have been informed cone- r
ored orators have made the night lhL""!?.ance "l; order themlX
intoxicated his congregation with of whjtfhe,se coloed people insteai
sulphurous vaporing and cloudy ; record would be increasea Tn31
oratory in attempting to solve the ' $mte ofrthcdifferenCe inthe:
Negro question. The Bef hasJ dutvof the DoHrA,th;ff;l I: Is,th
found a remedy. It is a most i o hi?hlvC?; ? prize 0Ur no?s
.-,- i j . . . I :hJgh,y to have them tnus fW
rauieai rerneav. one mat win. no,"iica
i ' " ..---,
doubt, revolutionize the Sonth and
make the North look with amaze
ment. The first proposition that The
Bee would suggest is to place the
entire South under military law
on a territorial form of govern
ment. Appoint men a? Governors
who have no interest in that sec
tion except to rule the people and
compel them to obey the iaw and
uphold good government. Appoint
no man to govern who resides
Sou;fa,not even a chimneysweeper.
Make the penalty for bribery either
death or life imprisonment.
The Bee is of the opinion that
the Southern "cracker jarks"
would within a few years know
how to behave themselves and all
classes 0! citizens would stand
upoon an equal footing before the
It is hoped that the Director of
the Census will be a little more
libiral "across his ches'."
THE PRESIDENT AND THE
For some time a few would-be
representative NegroeB have Beized
an opportunity to criticise and
abuse the President. Has Presi
dent McKinley done anything chat
he should be condemned by colored
men, except he failed to give a
few disgruntled politicians office?
Would there be any objections to
him were he to place every colored
man in office, n'-twithstanding his
alleged attitude on the lynching in
the South ? Then what is there in
the Democratic party South for the
Negro to concemnNthe President
and tender his support to that
party? It is hoped that our dis
tinguished friends will see the
force of this article and act ac
cordingly. The report is that Messers. Lyons,
Green, and Uheatham went to the
White House on Thursday and
assured the President that there
was no disposition on the part of
the Negro vote to divide. While
we have the highest respect for
these gentlemen, The Bee is con
stained to say, if the published
report is true, we tnink these gen
tlemen should have made a different
statement. Tbe fact is there is a
great division among the Negroes
both North and South and there
is no use of disguising the fact.
So far as The Bee can ascer
tain, President McKnley is friendly
disposed towards the Negro, but
the great fault is the Negro is
inimical to his own interest and is
divided against himself.
"The fault, dear Brutus, is not in
our stars, but in ourselves, that wp
RAT TTfr cr j.Airr .
Popular Excursion to Niagara Fan.
Saturday Julv L J
Thursday July is.
$10.00. ROUND TKI1
A Ten (10) Day Tour to Amen av
Greatest Natural Wonder via B cf
Royal Blue Line and the L high v
ley Route, through the t jhieh ami
Wyoming Valleys-the S uJZ
America. Special train eie?an
day coaches and parlor c..rs will
11111 uii duuvc uaies. on tvi.
Lv. Washington, D. C $0, m
Laurel, Aid ,:.?
" Baltimore,( Camden Sta.t. .9 t '
' Baltimore, (mt. koyal ' q 00
' Havre de Grace ..
" Newark, Del "5 ..
' Wilmington, Del i0
" Chester. Pa ri'g ,:
Ar. Philadelhia II28a
Ar. Niagara Falls 11.00 p. m
Stop overs allowed on return trip at
Buffalo, Rochester, Geneva, Burdette
(Watkins Glen,) and Mauch Chunk.
Side trip to Thousand Islands from
Rochester only 5.50 Round Trip. a
Tickets good five days, but within
return limit of Niagara Falls ticket.
Special arrangements for dinner and
supper en route at very reasonable
Quite a number of the colored
public school teachers are spending rates. Call on Ticket Agents Bain-
more oc v.nio
-'--""- " --;fc nKiui) oa ti
the summer away. The Bee is more & Ohio Railroad for full partic-
prepariug a list of those who are
VRE NJ5GEO VOTE.
There has been a great deal of
talk as to the probable disposition
of the colored vote. Some of the
politicians seem to think that the
Negro will desert the Eepnblican
party. The question is, should he
leave that party, where is he to go?
Is he going to the men and party
which are butchering him or re
main wifh the men and party
which seemingly gave him protec
tion, if not legally, morally'' We
be.ieve the President is sinceie;
we believe that the salvation of the
Negro is in the Republican party,
if he knows how to command what
he is entitled to.
Politically, the Negro is a coward.
He doesn't embrace the opportuni
ties that are before him. The ques
tion now is, can the colored vote
leave the Eepnblican party? If it
does leave, where is it going? The
South is the political graveyard for
the Negro. He is not allowed to
exercise any political authority
there, because there is nothing for
him to do but to remain in the
party of his nativity and work out
Papfx Sjsle TraG
Tuesday, Aug. 8, 1899. d.30 p.
GRAND AUSTRALIAN PU??5 T RACE
CLUB TEAM RACES
I Between riders representing Washington, Nor
folk, Richmond and Baltimore.
Also One-mile Novice, Half-mile Distr.c! of Co
lumbia Championship and One m.'e
The resignation f the principal
of the Normal srchool ought to be
requested. Have our trustees any
views? A trustee who hasn't the
nerve to do his duty ought to re
sign. Eev. Sterling N. Brown should
adopt the same plan in the county
as tbe colored trustees have' in the
city take all the day teachers out
of the night schools. Will Rev.
Brown explain why he hesitates ?
Prof. Eobert H. Terrell, who
made an inspection of the several
high-class high schoolg in this coun
try, and especially in the North, has
returned to the city, a wiser man.
He is convinced that the high Bchools
of Washington are far superior to
any others he has visited yet.
DEEE PARK HOTEL.
Prof. E. E. Wright did not have
he sticking qualities. The Presi
dent wanted him to stick.
Col. 0. Clay, of the Department
of Justice, is one of the honored
men of the late civil war.
Deer Park, Maryland.
Most delightful summer resost of
Swept by the mountain breeze, 2,800
feet above sea level. Absolutely free
from malaria, hay fever and mosquitos
On Main Line of Baltimore & Ohio
Railroad. Hotel and Cottages. Every
modern convenience. Rooms en suite
with bath. Electric Lights, Elevator
Turkish Baths, two large swimming
Pools, Golf Links, Tennis Courts,
Bowling Alleys, Magnificent Drives,
Complete Livery Service. Annapolis
Naval Band. Delightful Cottages, fur
nished for housekeeping if desired
ready for occupancy June 1st. Hotel
open from June , 24th to September
For rates and information nAArcc
D. C. Jones, Manager, B & O Building j
uaiumore, ma., until June 10th. AAer
hat time, Deer Park, Garrett Co, Md.
Grand Stand 25 Cts.
Reserved Seats 50 Cts.
Fr Tickets apply to Wm. Jose, at
Lasley's 14th and H northwest.
Upright and Spuare Pianos.
Oaa Easy erms
Chas. M. Stieff,
Stieff Piano Warerooms,
521 Eleventh Street, Northwe
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Butt
of Special Excursions.
YOUNG PEOPLE'S SOCIETY CHRISTIAX
Corventfon Detroit. July 5-10. One
Fare for the round trip. From points
east of the Ohio River, tickets will be
good going July 3rd to 5th, inclusive
and good returning until July 15
with the privilege of extension until
August 15th, inclusive, if ticket is de
posited with Joint Agent at Detroit on
or before July 12th, and upon pay
ment of fee of 50 cents. Ticket will
also be good going one route and re
turning another, at a higher rate.
Convention, Indianapolis, July 20-23
One fare for the round trip. From
points east of the Ohio River, tickets
will be good going July iSth and 19th
good returning until July 24th, inclu
sive, with the previlege of extension
until August 20th, inclusive, if ticket
is deposited with Joint Agent at In
dianapolis not later than July 24th,
and upon payment of fee of 50 cents.
YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN UNION
OF UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Convention, Pittsburg, August 2-7-One
fare for the round trip. From points
east of the Ohio River, tickets will be
sold August 1st and 2nd, good return
ing leaving Pittsburg, August 9th, w.ta
privilege of extention until August 31,
incisive, if ticket is deposited wit"
Joint Agent a tPittsburg on or before
August 6th, and upon payment of fee
of 50 cents.
gfriOBlSTBE LOM OFFA
361 yaaa.. JLrr: aa-,"W.
Gold and silver watches, diamonds
jewelry, pistols, guns, mechanics
tools, ladies and gentlemen's wearm
Old gold and silyer bought.
Unredeemed pledges for sale.