THE HERALD ]
Stands for the Interests of"
Southern California. *
SUBSCRIBE FOR IT. J
VOL. XXXIII. —NO. 164.
A DOUBLE TRAGEDY.
A Gory Domestic Crime En
acted at Redlands.
E. C. Gresham Shot and Killed
by P. ft McConkey.
The Murderer Turns His Weapon
An Intrigua Between the Murdered Man
and Mrs. McConkey at the Bottom
of the Trouble.
Special to the Hbbal%]
San Beknaroi.no, Cal., March 24—A
shooting affray occurred at the Windsor
hotel at Redlands about 0:31) o'clock
this morning. Several shots were heard
and on investigation P. C. McCoukoy.
manager-of the hotel, was found in a
dying condition in the hallway letding
from the office to the lower parlor, He
hail a frightful wound in the breast, the
bullet having passed through his body,
and as a rifle was found near him, it
was supposed he had leaned upon
the weapon and discharged it. He lived
but a few minutes.
Just after his death, the body of E. C.
Gresham, foreman of the Vitrograph, was
found in the parlor. He had a wound
under the arm, the bullet havingipassed
through his body. He had a pistol
grasped in His hand, and the walls of the
parlor were splashed with his blood.
A Coroner's jury commenced an in
vestigation at once. Tlie general theory
is that McConkey shot Gresham and
then committed suicide. Jealousy is
supposed to have been the cause.
Mr. Gresham was foreman of the Ctt
rograph office j was a Noble Grand of the
Odd Fellow-' Lodge of Redlands; was
a native oi Greenville, Georgia, and was
28 years of age.
P. C. McConkey was a native of Evans
county. Illinois, 80 years of age, and
was at the time of his death proprietor
of the Windsor hotel. Redlands. His
family consisted of bis wife and two
Story of the Tragedy aa Developed by
After the jury had examined the
bodies the inquest commenced with
cloned doors. The lirat witnew called j
we Mr. Samuel JM«*rt, fatlior-iu-l*w oi j
Mr. McConkey, who being duly sworn j
deposed aud said that he got up this
morning at 5 o'clock and came down
stairs and found Mr. McConkev up,
which was very unusual. He noticed
that Mr. McConkey was very much de
pressed and said very little, but that he
attributed it to financial troubles and to
Ihe fact that McConkey had been warned
to leave the hotel. He went outside to
catch a horse and heard a shot and
rushed in, when he heard a second shot,
and just as he got to the desk he heard
a third shot, and found McConkey lying
on tlie Moor, still alive hut unconscious.
lie spoke to him, but could get no
answer. He considered McConkev and
Gresham .particular friends. Did not
know that Gresham was dead until about
half an hour after he discovered Mc-
Conkey. McConkey had acted strange
for several days.
An Unreliable Witness.
Miss May Fackler, a school teacher,
was next sworn, and testified that she
had known McConkey for six years and
Gresham for two years. McConkey
came to her room this morning at 5
o'clock and told her not to get up.
This witness was very unreliable and
would not testify to what she knew, but
said, in a whisper, that McConkev was
jealous of Gresham, but why she would
give no reason. She evidently knew all
about the affair, as she was over-anxious
to get some letters from MeConkev's
pocket, and she testified that she asked
him to go up stairs, but that he would
not. She was a very unwilling witness,
and evidently knows more than she will
reasonably testify to.
Was Jealousy the Cause?
A. B. Jenny was then called, and tes
tified that McConkey was very much
depressed, and got up very early. He
could not give any reason for the trag
edy, only that he found McConkev very
angry because his wife and others played
cards last night.
Gresham Armed Himself.
It. Sheppard testified that he was an
intimate friend of Greshani's, and that
he went to supper with him last night,
and that Gresham went to the Citrograph
office and got a pistol, and he recognized
the one that was offered in evidence as
the one that Gresham took from the
office. He hid not have any theory for
The Jealousy Theory Discredited.
Miss Clara McConkey testified that
Mr. Gresham. and her brother were warm
and intimate friends, and that there was
no jealousy between them, and that she
knew that her brother shot Gresham
while trying to prevent him from killing
himself. She Scorned the idea that there
was any jealousy on the part of Mr.
McConkey. She said her brother was
troubled about money matters connected
with his miserable business.
Mrs. McConkey Implicated.
M. C. Bishop testified that the tragedy
was the result of jealousy on the part of
McConkey of Gresham, "and that Gres
ham told him that he had been intimate
with Mrs. McConkey and that he ex
pected that McConkey would kill him,
as he had a Winchester fixed for him.
At this time there were several letters
trom Mrs. McConkey produced, and the
Coroner adjourned the inquest until 1
o'clock. These letters Implicate Mrs.
McConkey, and give the true cause uf
She Becomes Hysterical.
Mrs. McConkey, who was in bed at
the time of the tragedy, stated that Mr.
McConkey had beeji depressed for sev
eral days, and on many other occasions
he had been partially" insane, and had
told her that the world was against him;
LOS ANGELES HERALD.
that she did not care for him any longer,
I and that he was going to die.
Mrs. McConkey was very hysterical
I during her testimony, and the Coroner,
under the advice of "her attending phy
sician, desisted from further question
The Tell-tale Letters.
M. C. Bishop was again called to the
chair, and stated that he had quite a
talk with Gresham about his intimacy
with Mrs. McConkey, hut that Oresham
would not admit that it was she.
At this time several letters thai bar
been taken from the body of Greshan
were produced and read by tho Coroner
(to himself), and he ejaculated, "Hor
Mr. Bishop slated that the letters that
Mr. Oresham had were mailed in San
Bernardino, but that Gresham pointet
Out the Windsor hotel and said tha
they came from there, and that he hat
been intimate with a leader in churcl
affairs, but that he wan only a man, ant
could not stand everything,'even tfioturl
lie knew there was 'a Winchester nxei
for Wm, but he would try and stand it
off. Gresham never told witness that
he had any differences with McConkey.
James A. Doyle was the next witness
called, who testified that yesterday after
noon at about 6 o'clock he went to dinner
with Mr. Gresham and Mr. Sheppard,
and that they went to the Cilrograpt
office and had some brandy, and then
Gresham took Mr. Craig's pistol out o:
the drawer and examined it critically,
and put il in his pocket. "I asked bin)
what he wanted with the pistol, and he
said that Gresham could take care ol
himself; he was only going to shoot
some cats. After supper I left him talk
ing to Mrs. McConkey and Miss Fackler.
After church I went back to the hotel,
as it was usual for the guests to assemble
in the parlor and sing hymns, but there
was nobody in the parlor, all the ladies
being assembled in the sewing room
tulki.-ig in whispers. I then went to
bed, after remarking that there was
A Witness of Ihe Shooting.
If. L. Brown testified that he saw the
shooting as he was coming from break
last, and saw three shots fired, two at
Gresham and one at himself, by Mc-
Conkey. "I was so scared that I did not
remain to see the result of the shots. As
I ran out of the house Mr. Dehart asked
tne whether McConkey had killed him
The jury, alter short deliberation,
brought in the following verdict:
"We, the jury, have determined upon
the following verdict : That E. C.
Grreaham came to his death by being
murdered by P. C. McConkey for several
Miuses, and that McConkey came to his
loath by a gunshot wound inflicted by
LiiiiHelf/witFi BuU-idal intent."
Mrs. McConkey's Love for Oresham was
The following letters found in
rresham,s pocket, although without
late or signature, give a clue to the
:ircu instances leading to McConkey's
Letter Number One.
'"It is with cheeks of flame and a great
oad upon my heart that I begin this
etter. I scarcely know how to com
mence, but I know that it must be done.
Dh, Mr. Gresham! the knowledge has
:oine to me that you are not moral, and
.he blow nearly kills me. You, whom I
bought so pure, so truly noble! It
ieems as if I could not stand it. It is
Ireadful to have one's idol shattered
vithout a moment's warning. Is it pos
sible that there is no such thing as a
rirtuous man? 1 begin to think so. My
ace burns with shame and indignation
Alien 1 think oi you being in the society
»f those wretched beings who call them
selves women, then come to me with
oud smiles for kisses that you
snow come from a pure and lov
ng heart. Whatever your past
:ias been does not matter to
ne, and it was not considered; but it
loes seem that you ought to have had
jnough respect for me (while meeting
tie as you did) to have kept you from
:hese evils. How could you? I can't
tnderstand. Perhaps I look upon these
diings differently from a great many,
iut £ feel that it would be no worse tor
:nc to seek the society of one of these
joor deluded women, than one of the
neii who help to make them so. For
rive me if I speak plainly, but it seems
lecessary to do so under the circum
stances. I could not tell you these
hings face to face; my womanly feelings
vould not permit it. It seeins'different
o tell you on paper. Oh, it does seem
o me that if men could realize how
nuch suffering they cause innocent
vomen, they would certainly do ditfer
>ht. The world is too one-sided. Men
?xpect the love of pure women, and
r't't pollute themselves to the greatest
lepths of evil. I sincerely
lope and pray that what I have heard
:s not true. Tell me that it is not. Yet the
nformation comes direct from yourself,
icing a married woman, I necessarily
lear more than I care to. I cannot
vrite any more—my heart is so full.
J ut yourself in my place. Suppose I
vas the guilty one, what would you
hink? Forgive me if this be untrue
md I have given you boundless pain,
md believe me 1 shall always be your
The Second Letter.
"Hotel Windsok, Redlands, 18 —.
"My Dakling—Forgive me, forgive
ne, for the sake of the old love. I feel
hat you almost hate me, and it is more
ban I can endure. I would have given
vorlds last night to have recalled that
etter. I did not realize its awfulness
mtil after it had left my possession. I can
lever forget how you looked last night
is you stood in the door, and I wanted
o go to you so much. I prayed all
liglit for forgiveness for that cruel letter,
md now I cannot hope for it until you
nive forgiven me. Yesterday, as soon
is 1 heard what I told you in the letter,
rushed upstairs impulsively, wrote
vithout stopping to think, and now it
eems as il I should go mad it you did
lot tell me lam forgiven. I will never,
tever pain you again in that way, no
natter what 1 hear, or what you do. I
annot live without you, love. I cannot
•ndure the thought of your disliking me.
'lease come to me. I must see you. 1
hought I heard you leave the house
his morning at 4 o'clock, and I wanted
TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 25, 1890.
to follow. The night was ages. I feel
that I have lived in vain. My life is a
complete failure, and now without your
love Ido not care to live. I dare not
think what I might do. Oh, tell me
that you forgive and love me the same
"Always your sweetheart, but now so
The Third Letter.
"Dearest— Can you possibly go with
me to the party tomorrow night? Mr.
McC. will not go; I have asked him,and
even insisted upon it, but he sayj no,
and under these circumstances it cer
tainly will be right for you to aecompanv
me as an escort, for as' anch others!will
consider youj and no more. What mat
ters it that we know better? Tim rest
of the party will be so absorbed in their
own pleasures that we will not be com
mented upon. Mrs. went out with
Mr. last summer, and co ope
thought of making anvreliifuks about it.
lam certain I did not. Her husband
I would, not go with her, so it was nebe- ;
sary for some one else. 11' by going you
are inconvenienced in any way, just"say
so. I shall not insist upon your doing whai
you would rathe* not. I cannot think
of a greater pleasure' (in orfr situation)
than a moonlight ride with you. I
could think of a greater were "it other
wise. Since I have given you my word
not to seek you or meet you as we have
been doing in tlie past, I must therefore
necessarily write, and you will forgive
this, I am certain. If'you conclude to
go, please let me ' know" some way at
once. I can let my horse to some one
else more fortunate. My precious one.
forgive me if I make the'burden harder
for you to bear. Ido not wish to do so,
(rod knows, but, I am only a woman
with a woman's heart, which" will always
beat its love for you. Although I must
sometimes seem wicked to you, situated
as I am, remember I am always your
McConkey's Farewell Note.
The following letter was found upon
t he body of McConkey:
"Redlands, Monday, March 24.
"Darling wife, babies, Clara and Mary,
mother and father—My heart is all torn
and crushed. I can't go through life
now. lam so sorry I did not look more
to your happiness. God will care for
you now. Look well to the raising of
the poor babies. In the little black cash
box in the safe you will find some papers
that will be of benefit to you and Clara.
Oh ! I am so very, very unhappy!
"Yours in death, and my last privet
is for you. Fkeo."
FIRES IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE
A. Valuable Botanical Laboratoy neStroyeft..
A Big Hotel Fire in Nebraska—Many
Miles of Burning Prairies in Western
Lansing, Mich., March 24.—The Bo
tanical laboratory has been destroyed by
fire, the only things saved being Dr.
Real's library, manuscripts and some in
struments. The laboratory was one of
the largest on this continent, and the
collection destroyed was priceless, rep
resenting twenty-five years' work.
A Colorado Town Destroyed.
Denver, March 24.—The business por
tion of Elmoro, a small town in South
ern Colorado, was consumed by lire to
night, including the Hunt building,
Commercial hotel, News building, post
office and contents, and several other
smaller buildings. The loss is esti
mated at $25,000. No insurance.
Big Hotel Fire.
Kearney, Neb., March 24.—The Mid
way hotel burned this morning. One of
the guests, Henry Deming, a theatrical
man, was killed by jumping from a win
dow. The pecuniary loss is about $150,
--0 fully insured.
Wichita, Kan., March 24.—Two boys
playing with matches on a farm north of
here this morning, started a disastrous
prairie fire. The wind was blowing a
gale. _ Tonight it is learned that the lire
practically burned out after passing over
about fifty quarter sections of land, and
destroying a great quantity of grain and
hay. The loss of stock is hot severe. It
is understood the pecuniary loss w ill
Stockton, Kansas, March 24. —Prairie
fires devastated a large portion of the
farming lands of Rooks county yester
day. Many outbuildings, an immense
amount of grain and some stock were
burned. The fire started by a man
burning corn stalks. He will" be prose
The Students* Revolt.
London, March 24.—Dispatches from
Russia in regard to the agitation among
the university students are confused and
conflicting. The agitation started in the
agricultural academy near Moscow. In
spite of the strict precautions of the
Government the agitation spread to
other institutions, and the students
have been holding meetings at all the
universitiesr. There is a general up
heaval in the student world. Arrests of
students suspected of being leaders of
the agitation have been made in every
one of the principal universities
Mrs. Harrison In the South-
Atlanta, Ga., March 24.—Mrs. Harri
son and party were entertained by Gov
ernor Bullock today, and tonight were
tendered a reception at the capitol. To
morrow they go to Chatanooga to look
over the baitlefields in that vicinity.
Postmaster Pierce Fined.
Ban Francisco, March 24.— E. W.
Pierce, the Turlock postmaster recently
convicted in the United States Court oi
misdemeanor, was today lined $500 on
each of the eleven charges. He has been
released on bail, pending appeal.
London, March 24.—The Herald says a
rich government contractor is privately
building near London an airship which
is expected to carry a crew of several
men at a speed of 150 miles an hour.
A Serious Situation.
Liverpool, March 24.—The dock labor
ers who struck the employers decline to
have any negotiations with. A deadlock
has resulted, and the position is serious.
The Florida Orange Industry
Great Damage Done by the
Trains Arrain Runnhur on ijhe Oregon
The Longest Blockade on ftooord
Heavy Loss Sustained by
| Associated Press bisr*»eiie'H
PHILADELPHIA, March 24.—A letter hy'
a prominent oranget'grower at La Grange,
Florida, about the effecta of the frost
the past season upon the orange groves,
dated March 20th, says : "Two damaging
'rosts have occurred, the second much
worse than the first. The old hummock
groves look as if a fire had been through
them. All the trees will lose their
leaves. Some Of the wood on the old
trees is killed. On some trees where
there has been picked a box or more
ml oranges, the bark is split from
top to bottom. I have bandaged
a good many, but do not know
how they wtll come out. All
the young trees in a number
of orchards are killed outright. Some
have been out five years, and many were
quite large. I had 700 fine budded nur
sery trees killed outright last Monday
morning. It is estimated that the dam
age to young trees in the State by frost
will amount to a million dollars. It is
not thought that the old bearing trees
are injured sufficiently to affect the next
year's crop. But the effect of the frost
will be felt in later years, when the young
trees now killed would have come into
bearing. All growing vegetables were
killed as far south in the State as Rock
THE UKEfiOX ROAD.
The Longest Blockade on Record
San Francisco, March 24.—After a
blockade that was possibly the longest
that ever happened to an American rail
road, the road between here and Port
land was opened for traffic this after
noon. The news was received by Colonel
Crocker at 3 p.m. in a dispatch from
Manager Kohler, at Portland. On re
ceipt of the telegram orders were issued
by General Superintendent Fillmore for
the Oregon tram leaving here tonight to
run through to Portland without change.
The train leaving Portland tonight was
also given orders to come through to this
city. The blockade of the Oregon road
has been a source of great expense to
the company since the first of the year,
amounting to about $240,000. Of* this
amount about $150,000 is for the loss of
traffic for January, February and this
Sissions, Cal., March 24.—The snow is
rapidly disappearing. Only about
eighteen inches remains now on the
level. A train with 300 laborers return
ing from c,v,' creek passed this evening.
The track is all laid in that section, and
a through train from Portland is ex
pected to pass tomorrow.
THE DUTY ON SUGAR.
The Pacific Coast Opposed to the Pro
San Francisco, March 24.—The San
Francisco Chamber of Commerce this
afternoon adopted a resolution reciting
.that the existing tariff on sugar is favor
able to the development of the beet
I sugar industry of the country, and par
ticularly of the Pacific Coast, and pro
testing against the proposed reduction
of the duty on this product. The reso
lutions urge the Pacific Coast delegation
in Congress to resist any reduction of
the duty on sugar amounting to more
than 25 per cent of the present rate.
A Satisfactory Settlement.
San Francisco, March 24.—At a meet
j ing of the creditors of the banking house
of Belloc & Co. today a report of the
committee was received to the effect that
Charles Wayne had agreed to pay sixty
per cent, of the indebtedness, and that
Belloc had cabled from Paris that he
would pay the remaining forty per cent,
at the end of the year. Wayne stated
that he would execute, his part of the
agreement when he received a mortgage
on Belloc's Paris property, which is now
on the way. The meeting was accord
ingly adjourned for six weeks, when it is
expected a final settlement will be
made. The liabilities are reported at
$486,000, and the assets $131,000.
Must I'ay Alimony.
San Francisco, March 24.—The Su
preme Court today refused to release on
a habeas corpus Joseph M. Spencer, im
prisoned for contempt of court for refus
ing to pay his divorced wife's alimony.
The conrt, in its decision, says the code
of California proceeds upon' the theory
that a husband at marriage enters into
an obligation which binds him to sup
port the, wife during the period of their
joint lives, and gives to her the right to
share in the accumulations of his skill,
and when, by his own wrong, he has
forced her to sever the relations which
enabled her to enforce such obligations,
he must make compensation in the form
A Claim of Fraud.
San Diego, March 24.—Two or three
years ago the ex-Mission Land and
Water Company executed a mortgage
on their lands near the city to Chiiders
& Flash, of Los Angeles, for about
$125,000. Chiiders & Flash afterward
got judgment against the company for
that amount, and sold the property,
which they bid in themselves, for
$55,000 less than the amount of the
mortgage. The land and water com
pany now claim there was fraud in the
same, and have commenced suit in the
Superior Court asking the judgment to
be set aside.
Stockton's New Knilroad.
Stockton, Cal., March 24.—There have
been rumors among the business men
here for several days that work will com
mence soon on what is known as the
Homer railroad, to run from Stockton to
Yisalia. Parties are securing the right
of way, and men who claim to know say
work will be commenced on the road
way inside of ninety days, and fifty
miles of road will be built this year.
The right of way from Stockton south
ward has been secured for five miles,
and ninety acres have been secured for
depot groiinds just outside the western
boundary of the city, on deep water.
More Trouble for the Brotherhood.
Boston, March 24. —The carpenters at
work on the Boston Players Club
grounds were ordered to quit this after
noon by the Carpenter's Union. Ac
cording to tho walking delegate, the
Federation bl Labor had been given
to understand that in pay
ment for their endorsement the
Brotherhood would let the contracts
only to such contractors as would agree
to employ union labor, pay union wages
and enforce union hours. It is asserted
that not only has tlie Brotherhood Club
of Boston failed to conform to the require
ments of the union, but the brotherhood
inoibercities have practically ignored in
placing contracts the endorsement of the
labor organizations and the wishes of the
Coronado Moguls Arrested.
San Dieoo, March 24.— E. S. Babcock,
Jr., president of the Coronado Beach
Company, the San Diego Street Car
Company and the San Diego and Coro
nado Water Company, together with
James A. Flint, secretary and manager
of the latter, were arrested this after
noon charged with violating the city
ordinances in not laying certain piping.
San Diego, March 24.—President H.
T. Christian, of the Board of Delegates,
published a card today denying that
Carlson had any right to use his name
in connection with his Salt Lake circu
lars of the San Diego and Eastern Ter
minal road, and that he had never been
treasurer of any of his corporations, or
had any interest in them.
Murder Cases Dismissed.
Salinas, Cal. March 24. —On motion
of the District Attorney the Asbell and
Lagtina murder cases were dismissed
today. The former wastried four times,
and the latter once, without a verdict in
A Funny Man for Mayor.
Milwaukee, March 24. —George W.
Peck, t]ie well-known humorist, was
nominated for Mayor by the Democratic
A MYSTERIOUS PAIR.
I TWO STRANGERS WHO LIVED WELL
ON SMALL CAPITAL.
The Town of Bristol, Pennsylvania, Has
/ * » Mystery Which None Are Able to
Unravel — Tradesmen Dazzled and
I Badly Swindled.
Bristol, Pa., March 24.—Attach
ments for debt were issued today to a
number of firms here against two mys
terious residents who have been living a
life of luxury and ease at this place for
the last two years. Since the two men,
who were known as Birdsall and Howe,
entered the place in May, 1888, they
have been the mystery of the town.
They furnished a large house on the
river front in magnificent style, placed
a steam pleasure yacht on the Delaware
and purchased "three thoroughbreds
with harness and carriages. In addi
tion they hired a number of servants.
They always appeared to have plenty of
money until last February, since which
time Howe has been away.
Creditors have been unable to collect
their money, and consequently have
been keeping a close watch on their
movements. Last Friday Birdsall
dropped a letter which was "picked up.
llt was from Howe, in San Francisco,
and advised Birdsall to move
their effects to Burlington in
order to outwit their creditors.
Howe informed Birdsall that a letter
addressed "K. J. If. Huzzard, Jackson
ville, Florida, "would reach him after a
certain date. Acting on this informa
tion, all the horses, carriages and furni
ture belonging to the mysterious pair
were immediately seized. Birdsale left
for New York in the afternoon, and it is
surmised that he will not return.
The Kmperor's Heart Bowed Down—An
other Bismarck Resigns.
Bkrlin, March 24.—The committee of
the Labor Conference has agreed that
each country shall be left to decide the
best method of securing a shortening of
the hours of labor in trades dangerous to
health or life. The Sunday committee
will propose that all the States agree to
identical measures relating to Sunday
The Wiemarsehe ZeUung says the Em
peror sent the following telegram to in
timate friends Saturday: "I have in
deed suffered bitter experience and
painful hours. My heart is as sorrowful
as if I had again lost a grandfather, but
it is so appointed by God, and His will
be done, even though I should fall under
the burden. The part of officer of the
watch on the ship of state has fallen to
my lot. Her course remains the same.
So now, full steam, ahead."
General Yon Schellendorf has been
appointed to command the tenth army
corps to succeed Caprivi. Count Wil
liam Bismarck, the younger son of Prince
Bismarck, has resigned the presidency
of the regency of Hanover.
The Emperor has appointed Count
Eulenburg, now Governor of Hesse-Nas
sau, Prussian Minister of the Interior;
Dr. Miguel, one of the leaders of the Na
tional Liberal party, Minister of Finance;
Baron Heune, Minister of Agriculture ;
(ieneral Yon Goltz, Minister of Public
Kilraln Farmed Out.
Baltimore, March 24.—Mrs. Kilrain
has a telegram from her husband. He
states that he will not be sent to jail,
but will spend his two months with his
friend Charles Rich, at Richburg, Miss.,
where Kilrain fought Sullivan. Rich, it
is understood, purchased Kilrain's re
lease under the contract leasing system.
Judge Hagcr's Will.
San Fbancisco, March 24.—The will of
Judge John S. Hager was filed for pro
bate this afternoon. His entire estate,
valued at $300,000, is left to his wife.
ra> '^J-r.y-^J—cjj wj
L H!sB A YE ARK- 1
V Buys the Daily Herald and M
$2 the Weekly Hekai.d. J
NEWSY AND CLKAN^J
Labouchere Again Worrying
Balfour Introduces a New Land
A Very Complex and Intricate
It Promises to Do Great Things for Ire
land, but the Parnellites Mis
Associated Press Dispatches.]
London, March 24.—1n the Commons,
Matthews, Home Secretary, in reply to
a question by Labouchere, denied that
Inspector Jarvis had ever gone into bus
iness at Del Norte, Colorado, near Sheri
dan's ranch, for the purpose of gleaning
evidence to be placed before the Parnell
Balfour introduced a bill for the pur
chase of land in Ireland, and for the im
provement of the poorer and more con
gested districts. The bill also provides
fur the establishment of an Irish land
department. Balfour said in proposing
the formation of the land department
the complex nature of the question pre
sented itself. There were now no fewer
than five bodies for the valuation and
sales of land. The bill proposed the
amalgamation of these into one body.
Concerning the question: Ought the
land purchase bill be compulsory? the
Government answered, No. no. Com
pulsion should be used most sparingly,
(Ironical Irish cheers), but when justi
fied by necessity it should be ap
plied. Compulsion could not be
one-sided; if they compelled the land
lords to sell, they must force the tenants
to buy. A most cogent reason against
compulsion was that they could not
make the bill compulsory" without ap
plying it to the whole of Ireland. The
Government saw no possibility for the
immediate consummation of such an
enormous transaction as the compulsory
transfer of the whole land of Ireland
from the existing owners to the existing
occupiers. Ought they to throw any
risk upon the British tax-payers? The
Government answered no. Still British
credit under perfectly sure conditions
must be used. In dealing with the ques
tion of advances to tenants to enable
them to purchase, the Government de
cided against advancing more than
twenty years' rental, meaning rent from
which had been deduced the local rates
now paid by the landlords.
Balfour then went on at great length
to explain the scheme of the security of
the funds, the matter being very com
plicated. The bill in a large portion is
the Ashbourne act improved, and with
additions requiring security for pur
chases, etc. After an elaborate financial
detail showing how the Imperial ex
chequer is secured against default, Bal
four said it was impossible unless there
were a repetition of the famine of 1846,
that guarantees effecting the poor law
and education grants should ever be ap
proached. It is designed to use one
fourth per cent from the tenants' annual
four per cent, as a fund for the erection
of laborers' dwellings. The grant of a
million and a half from the Irish church
surplus shall be devoted to relieving
congestion, fostering industries, and
ameliorating the condition of the poor
Balfour, in concluding, defended the
scheme as without risks to the Imperial
taxpayer, while £33,000,000 ad
vanced under the bill, with £10,000,000
of the Ashbourne act, would establish
a perpetual fund, from which future
purchases by tenants might be made.
The landlords are to receive Government
stock at 2% per cent, interest, payable
in not less than 30 years, and to be ex
changeable for consols wherever pre
Gladstone said the scheme was cer
tainly very complicated, and thanks were
due to Balfour for the obvious pains he
has taken in its preparation. It was
premature, he added, to discuss the in
volved proposals of the bill.
Gladstone expressed pleased surprise
on bearing the possibility of there being
£1,500,000 left of the Irish church sur
plus. He said when he was last officially
informed on the subject, he had learned
that the money had been exhausted.
The bill passed first reading.
Under the closure rule, thecal lot ments
hill passed reading in the Commons to
Gladstone tonight in a speech at the
National Liberal Club, spoke of Bal
four's land purchase bill as a bold meas
ure which involved the British tax
payers assuming a large liability, and
demanded a searching investigation.
Referring to the Parnell Commission he
said he could not conceive a shorter
method of suicide than that adopted by
the House of Lords in approving the re
port. The Tory majority had invented
political methods as new-fangled as they
The Daily News in speaking of the
land purchase bill gays: One thing
stands out clearly; that the British
credit may be pledged to the extent of
£33,000,000 for the benefit, nominally,
of the Irish tenant, but really for the
benefit of the landlord.
The News says the voice was Balfour's,
hut the hand was Goschen's.
Parnell says the bill is absurd and ob
jectionable in the highest degree, one
fatal defect being that it gives no local
control over its administration.
Davitt pronounced against the bill as
an insidious proposal to give the land
lord more than value for his land.
The Times does not commit itself, not
having studied the bill, but thinks upon
the whole, it seems to prompt the crea
tion of peasant proprietary on a very
large scale.without involving the British
exchequer in risk.
Kmlnokv Wants a Meeting*
Vienna, March 24.—1t is reported that
Count Kalnokyhas suggested that a con
ference be held between Emperor Wil
liam, Emperor Francis Joseph and King
Humbert, as the only means of allaying
the anxiety prevailing in Austria and
Italy regarding the situation arising from
xml | txt