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Los Angeles herald. (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1890-1893, April 06, 1890, Image 2

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A REWARD OF MERIT.
Col. Benj.H. Grierson Becomes
Brigadier-General.
Distinguished Career Crowned
With Honors.
His Promotion Precedes His Retire
ment But a Few Months.
Orierson's Daring Raid Through the South
With a Handful of Cavalry—His
Long Service.
Washington, April s.—Among the
nominations sent to the Senate today
was that of Colonel Benj. H. Grierson,
Tenth Cavalry, to be Brigadier-General.
The war of the rebellion developed
'many interesting characters and added
many distinguished names to American
history, but none more picturesque or
interesting than that of Benjamin Henry
Grierson. It has been said that soldiers
are born, not made, and indeed the say
ing appears to be true so far as General
Grierson is concerned, for he no doubt
inherited his soldierly qualities from his
grandfather, who was a Colonel of
cavalry in the Irish rebellion of 1798, and
rendered distinguished service in the
royal cause.
General Grierson was born in Pitts-
Burg, Pa., and like many other self
made men in this country, is of Scotch-
Irish parentage. He is described as be
ing "dark and slender, quick and grace
ful in his movements; full of vivid
elastic life, overflowing with enthusi
asm, and seeming to have a physique of
iron endurance." His career is'invested
"with a romance that will render it fas
cinating to the American reader for all
time to come. There is no shoulder
atrap pomposity about him; he is
modest, gentle and genial in his man
ners, and makes hosts of warm friends
"wherever he is stationed.
When President Lincoln's proclama
tion calling for 200,000 men were issued,
"Ben Grierson," as he was familiarly
called, was teaching music at Jackson
ville, iH., but without hesitation he im
mediately abandoned his profession and
entered the volunteer service as aide-de
camp to General B. M. Prentiss, and
served in that capacity, with the
nominal rank of Lieutenant and Major,
for eight months without pay.
He was commissioned Major of the
Sixth Illinois cavalry October 24, 1861.
His ability in the cavalry field was pro
nounced from the beginning: indeed in
a few weeks his battalion was the best
drilled and disciplined in the West. In
March, 1862, the Sixth Illinois cavalry,
armed only with rusty sabers, started "to
join Grant at Pittsburg Landing. At
Paducah, Kentucky, Governor Yates, of
Illinois, likewise on the way to Grant,
encountered the regiment. Major G rie r
son called to pay his respects to the Gov
ernor on board the steamboat. The
Governor led the dark-haired cavalry
man back to a party of ladies in the cabin
and introduced him to them as "Colonel
Grierson." His Colonel had resigned,
and, unknown to the Major, every officer
of the regiment but one had petitioned
the Governor to appoint Grierson their
Colonel.
In 1862, Colonel Grierson's regiment
•was ordered to Memphis, and here he
showed himself no less accomplished in
field than in camp. He and his men
dashed out from headquarters like a
•whirlwind and pounced upon bands of
Confederate bushwhackers and guerril
las in Western Tennessee and Northern
Mississippi. He showed them that
dash, daring and hard riding were not
all on one side of the line. He seemed
never to sleep, bnt to watch day and
night and be ready for the mount and
gallop at any moment.
Early in 1863 an adventurous spirit
proposed to General Grant to make a
bold cavalry raid around and in the rear
of Vicksburg, with a view of destroying
Tailroads and bridges and thus prevent
ing supplies and reinforcements from
being easily brought into that strong
hold of the Confederacy. The raid was
in this manner to aid in the reduction of
Vicksburg. At first Grant refused to
enter into the scheme, but on the Ist of
April he summoned the bold projector
and bade him go in and win. The man
■who proposed this daring raid through
the heart of the enemy's country was
Colonel, afterward Major-General Benja
min Henry Grierson.
April 17, 1863, Grierson and his men
Began their famous ride. He took three
regiments of cavalry, his own, the Sixth
Illinois, Colonel Loomis commanding;
the Seventh Illinois, Colonel Prince
commanding, and the Second lowa,
Colonel Hatch. They started from La
grange, Term., fifty miles east of Mem
phis. False movements had been made
in various directions beforehand to de
ceive the Confederates, who might be on
the watch. But the real expedition
struck out south at a rattling pace, and
was soon over the border into Mississippi.
The first day they reached Ripley, in
that State. At Ripley, on the 18th, the
command divided, the Second lowa
going southeasterly and crossing the
Tallahatchie near the town of New
Albany. A second time the command
split, this time a battalion of the Sev
enth Illinois passing to the right of the
main body, and going directly to New
Albany.
Skirmishing was kept up night and
day with bodies of Confederate cavalry,
which were encountered in the vicinity
of New Albany. The morning of April
19th, Grierson again divided his main
body. He sent out three detachments
in as many different directions. His ob
ject was to make the enemy believe he
had come to attack them and destroy
their cavalry. Meantime the main body
proceeded rapidly southward. The Sec
ond lowa was by" this time within sup
porting distance" on the left. After mak
ing feints, as ordered, the three detach
ments rejoined the main column. Gen
eral Chalmers was in command of the
Confederate forces in Mississippi, the
region through which Grierson and his
command passed, and was outgeneraled
and beaten at every point by the gallant
soldier commanding the Union forces.
From time to time small bodies of
Confederates were met and routed. The
night of April 19th, Grierson and his
men encamped at Pontotoc, destroying
400 bushels of salt which the Confeder
ates had abandoned. April 20th, early
in_ the morning, Grierson started his
prisoners, his least effective men and
one piece of artillery northward, on the
way back to Lagrange; they were in
cumbrances. The raid was now going to
begin in earnest. The men that had
been sent northward misled the Confed
erates into believing that the whole ex
pedition was returning to Lagrange.
As before, the main expedition hastened
southward. Where it was to come out
no man knew, least of all the panic
stricken people through whose country
it passed like a tornado. Like a tor
nado, too, it was in its work of de
struction, Grierson laid waste property
and carried away food, horses and men.
Near Dismal Swamp one of the largest
tanneries in Mississippi was destroyed.
Now the command united, now again
separated, detachments flying this way
and that, and whisking hither and
thither, like the evolutions of flocks of
birds in mid-air. At Newton two trains
of cars, with Confederate army supplies,
were destroyed, and near the same town
four bridges were torn up. At Raleigh
the command halted, and Grierson sent
out a scout to cut the telegraph wire,
which at Lake station would give the
alarm of his whereabouts to Jackson
and other points. The scout ran into a
regiment of Confederate cavalry that
had been sent to rind Grierson. Strangely
enough the scout not only escaped cap
ture himself, but also succeeded in de
ceiving the enemy as to his commander's
whereabouts. Ben Grierson's luck seems
never to have deserted him. Hearing
the scout's report be quickly crossed the
Leaf river and burned its bridges behind
him, cutting off pursuit in the rear.
From Montrose, Grierson turned
slightly westward. It now became evi
dent to the Confederates that he did not
mean to return to Lagrange. Prepara
tions were made to head him off and
capture him. At Pearl river Southern
pickets were tearing up the bridge when
Grierson reached it. He dashed into
them and dispersed them, and crossed in
safety. Ten minutes more and be would
have been too late.
On the afternoon of May 2, 1868, a
great body of wild-looking men rode into
Baton Rouge, La. It seemed as if they
had sprung from the ground ; they were
dusty and haggard, and some oi' them
were asleep sitting bolt upright upon
their horses. No wonder. In sixteen
days they had ridden 800 miles, from
north to south through an enemy's
country. They had destroyed over
$4,000,000 worth of property, cut two
important railroad communications and
captured over 1,000 prisoners and 1,200
horses. They were Grierson and Ins
men.
The results and benefits derived fro m
this great raid cannot be over estimated.
Grierson demonstrated to the Generals
of the North, who, up to that time, had
been always "waiting for supplies," that
troops could be subsisted off the ene
mies' country without a base from
which to draw supplies, and his safe
arrival at Baton Rouge aroused great en
thusiasm throughout the army and the
loyal people of the entire country.
For his gallant and distinguished
services in this raid Colonel Grierson
was promoted Brigadier-General of Vol
unteers, June 3, 1803. Subsequently he
rendered distinguished service until the
close of the rebellion and was promoted
Brevet Major-General and Major-Gen
eral of Volunteers. These promotions
were well earned, and were not pro
cured through the influence of polit
ical friends, a method which many
officers resorted to in order to obtain in
creased rank.
On July 28, 1806, General Grierson
was appointed Colonel of the Tenth
U. S. Cavalry, and has served nearly
twenty-four years without promotion.
Since the close of the rebellion he has
been almost continuously in command
lof troops on the frontier, and no other
officer of the army has done more to
open up the vast resources of the South
western States and Territories.
General Grierson has been in com
mand of the Department of Arizona for
the past eighteen months, with head
quarters in this city. His promotion
has been justly earned, and should have
been made years ago, He retires from
active service on July Bth next, and bis
promotion, even at this late date, is very
gratifying to his many warm friends
throughout the entire country.—[Ens.
Herald.
ORANGE LANDS.
Thousands of Acres to be Had Cheap
in this Section.
George M. Smith, of this city, sends a
long and intelligent letter to the Granite
State Free Press on the subject oi orange
culture, and the chances it holds out to
industrious men to engage in it in this
county. We take from it the following
interesting extract:
Having spent a year among the farmers
and fruit-growers of this State, and being
deeply interested in these things, I am
prepared to say that there are thousands
of acres—l will say to be more definite
that I know of at least a hundred thou
sand acres along the foothills and in the
sheltered canons of the numerous moun
tain ranges—that can be obtained at
prices not exceeding $100 per acre, and
there are within five, eight and ten
miles of Los Angeles more than ten
thousand acres that can be bought for
$200 and even less, as good orange land
as can be found in the world. Any of
this land can be prepared and planted
with the best of budded trees for $100
per acre, and enough tomatoes, beans,
corn or some other crop raised between
the rows to give a man and his family a
good living until the trees come to bear
ing. So that it is only through gross
neglect and carelessness, or the poorest
management that an orange grove need
cost a man more than $300 an acre when
five years old.
I have seen men make enough from
their land during tlie five years to pay
for their land, trees and improvements,
and support their families in good shape.
I have a brother who owns a fine farm
on the Connecticut river, in Coos county,
N. H. He is one of the best farmers in
that section, works hard and makes
money. That man could take ten or
twenty acres of this land within ten
miles of Los Angeles, at $200 an acre,
and make money enough from the land
in five years to pay for the land, cover it
with the finest kind of orange trees, sup
port his family as well as he does now,
and at the end of the five years his
grove would be worth $1,000 per acre,
and would be paying him a liberal rate
of interest on that amount. I speak
with confidence, because I have seen so
many do this very thing, who were not
as good farmers, nor as industrious as
the brother referred to.
I know of a beautiful tract of orange
land (I am not agent for it), located near
railroad and a thriving town, well
watered, and every way desirable, that
can be bought for $75 per acre. It is my
opinion that such an investment is safer
than stocks and bonds. The great ad
vantage of the orange business is that as
soon as the grove begins to bear the care
of it is but slightly increased, while the
income grows larger as time rolls on.
Each year the property, if well cared
for, becomes more remunerative.
A New Departure.
The New Mexico Coal Company has made
arrangements to handle Ocean Coal. Ix;ave
orders at our office, hotel Nadeau, or yard,
corner East First street and Santa Fe avenue.
Telephone 855.
THE REV. GEO. H. THAYER, oi Bourbon,
Ind., says: "Both myßelf and wife owe our lives
to SHILOH'S CONSUMPTION CURE." Forsale
by tt F. Heinzeman, 122 North Main street.
THE LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL G, 1890.
BASEBALL.
A Very Good Game at tlie
Grounds Yesterday.
The Los Angeles Nine Defeats
the Fresnos.
The Score Stood Nine to Four at tlie
End of the Contest.
A Description of the Gam?, by Innings-
Amateur Contests in Various Parts
of the City.
Yesterday afternoon the new I.os An
geles hall team made its introductory
bow to a small but appreciative audience
at the Athletic park, and covered itself
with glory by winning its first game
against the Fresnos by a score of 9 to 4.
Pier and Ward comprised the battery for
the home team, and the former pitched
a good game, only four hits being made
off his delivery, and nine usen being
struck out. Brittan, Goldie, Meneffee,
Ward, Brown and Lie land did good exe
cution with the sticks, and knocked
Withington about a good deal. The local
boys played excellently in the field, and
of their live errors none were very cost ly.
The visitors, on the other hand, piled up
nine errors, some of which were very
unfortunate.
Game was called punctually >at 2:30
o'clock, with the home team at the bat, i
Withington and Cullen being the Fresno
battery. Goldieopened up with a pretty
base hit to left field, and stole to second,
reaching third on Brittan's safe hit.
Meneffee followed with a hot grounder
to shortstop, but the Fresno men got
rattled, and by a series of errors in the
vicinity oi second base Goldie and
Brittan scored and Meneffee reached
third in safety, and scored on Ward's
base hit. Lucas was struck out and
Ward was put out while attempting to
steal second base. Brown made a safe
hit and stole to second, but Pier flew to
Saunders. The Fresnos retired in short
order, Dyer being struck out, Saunders
making a base hit, but being put out at
second, and Thompson dying on first on
Pier's stop.
Neither team scored in the next three
innings, but in the fifth the local boys
added two more tallies to their score.
Brittan made a pretty base hit, and
stealing second, came home on Menef
fee's hit to center field. Meneffee slid
to second, and stealing third, scored as
Lucas flew to Saunders. Ward and
Brown died on first, with the assistance
of Packard. The visitors made their
first tally this innings. Dyer laid out a
safe hit, and stole second and third
bases, while Withington was being struck
out. Then Young sent an easy fly to
Ward, but three men ran for it, and the
result was that no one got it, and Dyer
took advantage of the error and scored.
Wagoner hit the ball down on the plate,
but reached first on Ross's error. Yonng
was caught napping at second base, and
Packard flew to Ross. Score, sto 1.
The Angelefios were shut out in the
sixth, while their opponents rallied and
made three tallies. Dyer went out on a
fly to Brittan, and Saunders was struck
out; but Thompson was sent to first, as
the ball hit him between the shoulders.
Cullen hit Pier for a two-bagger and let
Thompson in, and after stealing to third
base, scored on Dyer's hit to Lucas, who
played shortstop in place of Goldie, as
the latter's right hand was disabled;
and Ross's error allowed Dyer to reach
first. Dyer stole both second and third
bases, and scored on Wellington's two
bagger to right garden, but the latter
over-estimated his hit and was put out
at third. Score, 5 to 4. The Fresnos
never tallied again, but the home team
made one run in the seventh and three
in the eighth innings, and won the
game by 9 to 4.
The following is a summary of the
score:
I.OS ANOEI.ES.
AB. It. BH. tO. A. E.
Qoldie, If <fc SB 5 2 2 2 2 O
Brittan, 3b 5 4 3 4 2 1
Meneffee, rf 5 3 2 O 0 O
Wtird.c 5 O 2 10 4 0
Lucas, if &ss 5 0 0 O 1 1
Brown, cf r> O 1 0 0 0
Pier, p 5 O 0 0 :t 1
I.eland, 2b 5 0 1 2 2 1
Ross, lb 3 0 (» 9 1 1
Totals 43 9 11 27 15 S
FRESNO.
AB. B. BH. TO. A. K.
Dyer, If ,4 0120 o
Saunders, ci & bs. ... ..4 0 o 2 3 1
Thompson, 21) 2 1 O 1 3 5
Cullen, c 4 1 17 3 0
Dyer, 3b 4 2 1 2 2 1
Withington, p 4 O 1 1 2 0
Young, lb 4 O o !» 0 0
Wagner, rf 3 00100
Packard, eft ss. 3 00202
Totals 32 4 4 27 13 9
scoKE BY UWINOS.
123456789
i.os Angeles 3 0 0 0 2 O 1 3 o—9
Fresno O 0 O 0 1 3 O o o—4
Two-base hits—Dyer and Cullen.
Base on bulls—Los Angeles, 3; Fresno, 1.
Double plays—Leland, Uoldie and Ross; Le-
Innd, Ross and Ward.
Strike-outs—Pier, 9; Withington, 0.
Umpire—ltamsey.
Scorer—Russell.
Time of game—2 hours 25 minutes.
The teams will play again this after
noon, and a red-hot game may be confi
dently expected. Darby will pitch for
the home team.
Other Games.
Yesterday morning the Star and Al
hambra amateur ball teams crossed hats
at the Athletic park, in the presence of
an enthusiastic crowd, composed for the
most part of small boys, and for the
first time this season the Stars were de
feated, the visitors carrying off the
honors with a score of Bto 2. The fea
tures of the game were the battery work
of Thurber and Thomson, and the bat
ting of the Winston brothers, Wallace,
Halstead and Chapman for the victors.
Both teams did excellent work in the
field, and very few errors were made by
either side. The teams and the score
are as follows:
Alhanibras. Stars,
P. Winston First base McCrea
B. Wallace Second base Cushinan
Halstort Third base Hutton
Thurber . .Pitcher Pauly
Thomson Catcher A. Burailler
Chapman Shortstop J. Bunjiller
s. Wallace Bight fiefd Pemberton
B. Winston Center Held...: Role*
L. Winston Left field Bemlcy
SCORE BY INNINOS.
12345 0 759
Alhumhras 0 0 1 0 0 0 (i 1 *—8
Stars O 2 0000000—2
The Bonnie Braes and Temple-street
ball players crossed bats yesterday after
noon, and after an exciting game the
former won by one run, the score being
12 toll.
Isaac Watts was a Little Man.
He said jocosely to six of his tall quizzing
friends, who asked how he felt among so many
men, "that he was a sixpence among six pen
nies, worth them all." SOZODONT is just so;
there may be many preparations for the teeth,
but it is worth them all.
RESOLUTIONS
Adopted by the Odd Fellows About
Chas. E. Gault.
The following resolutions were adopted
by the I. O. O. F. in relation to the
death of ( has. E. Gault:
We, the members of Golden Rule
Lodge No. HO. I. O. 0. F., Los Angeles,
California, being called Upon to mourn
the lossof our late distinguished brother,
Deputy Grand Master Charles Klliott
Gault, deceased March 20, 1890, and
whose life exemplified these principles
so beautifully, while bowing with sub
mission to the will of the Supreme Mas
ter, would most reverently and humbly
express our deep regret over his death.
Resulted, That by his death our order
has sustained an irreparable loss in Cali
fornia, and Odd Fellowship throughout
the world a true and worthy brother,
w hose regard for friendship, love and
truth and his untiring devotion to the
principles of our order were so dis
tinguished as to elevate him to the sec
ond position of the Grand Lodge of Cali
fornia at the early age of 31.
That, throughout his business career,
from the time he entered the employ of
the Western Union Telegraph Company
as messenger boy in 1874, and later iii
the various important positions which
he held with Weils, Fargo & Co., up to
the time a leave of absence was granted
him, August 1, 1889 (at which time he
held the important position of resident
agent at Los Angeles), we found his ex
ample worthy of imitation by all young
men actuated by a laudable ambition to
attain positions of trust and distinction,
and as such ardently commend that we
all emulate his virtues and cherish his
memory with love and gratitude.
That, in the life of Charles Elliott
Gault, we found that individuality so
essential to success and so admired by
the true lovers of manhood. Truth he
loved for truth's sake ; and while, almost
up to the time of his death, he did not
openly acknowledge his belief in
Christianity, his life throughout was the
embodiment of Christian principles,
and we rejoice in his open avowal of bis
belief in the same before his death.
That we extend our heartfelt sym
pathies to his mother, brother and
Bister in the loss which they sustain by
the death of son and brother, and com
mend them to bear with fortitude this
grief, remembering that "He doeth all
things well."
That a page of our record be set aside
for the engrossment of these resolutions,
and a copy of them be sent to the family
of the deceased.
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
FRESH VEGETABLES SENT TO CAL
IFORNIA ON WHEELS.
A Few Important Additions to the Per
manent Exhibit of the Chamber—Some
of the Visitors There Yesterday.
A quantity of fresh vegetables was
dispatched yesterday from the Chamber
of Commerce to the California on Wheels.
It- included green peas, cabbages, sweet
potatoes and asparagus. Strawberries
and corn were also sent. A Boston paper
states that asparagus imported from the
South is now selling at if 1.25 and $1.50 a
bunch in that city, and strawberries at
75 cents a box. The display of these
products in quantities in the California
on Wheels will probably suggest
to Eastern farmers the possibility
which this section possesses of develop
ing a trade in fresh vegetables through
the winter and the early spring months.
.1. D. Mercer yesterday placed an in
cubator in the permanent exhibit to be
displayed to visitors. The people of
Tropieo sent in an exhibit of vegetables,
and from Vernon came some fine speci
mens of cauliflower. John Branch, of
Artesia, sent oranges, lemons and
pomalo. J. Jackson, of San Gabriel,
contributed Malta Bloods, and Mrs.
Harshman, of Conipton, sent in some
pears.
Mrs. S. D. Spear, of East Los An
geles, yesterday applied for space for a
permanent display of roses. The flowers
yesterday were furnished by Mrs.
Hobbs, Mrs. E. Hillman and Albert
Kleckner. S. B. Root applied for space
in which to put an exhibit of the pro
ducts of Rivera.
Among the visitors to the permanent
exhibit yesterday were the following:
S. J. Mower and wife, Chicago; H.
Judson Conneaut, Ohio; Mrs. M. Max
well, Monrovia; C. N. Hopkins, Den
ver, Colorado; ILL. Hopkins, Denver;
Mrs. If. Hamilton, Sioux City, Iowa; S.
B. Reese, Ventura; W. D. McGilvray,
Pasadena; Mrs. Richard Thomas,
Columbus. Indiana ; Mrs. Probert, San
Francisco; W. P. Judd, Chicago; Mrs.
C. E. Davis, Minnesota; A. M. Byram,
Lamanda Park; Mr. and Mrs. J. D.
Beers, Warren, Perm.; John T. Dee,
Glenwood, Iowa; Mr. and Mrs. A. L.
Robinson, Pomona; S. McKinley, Jr.,
Vernondale; J. De Kalb, Memphis,
Term.; W. S. Love, Columbus, Ohio;
Mrs. Grace M. Potter, Poultney, Vt.;
Mrs. J. M. Labounty, Lowell, Mass.;
George W. Bell, Whitewater, Mich.;
Mrs. C. A. Cannon, Whitewater, Mich.;
T. L. Tally, Texas; J. 11. Bellan, Comp
ton; R. J. Mockenhaupt, La Dow;
George W. Ford, Boston; N. E. Tucker,
Palmyra, N. V.; A. G. Willard, St,
Louis, Mo.; Timothy Baker, Jr., Chi
cago; Mrs. J. J. Frazer, Roches
ter, N. V.; C. F. Karns,
Arizona; Walter Thomas, Clear
water ; Lawrence Brandt, San Francisco;
Mrs. J. W. Miller, Santa Barbara;
V. H. Adams, Osage, Mass.; M. Myrtle
Davis, Minnesota; Bernard W. Stewart,
Downey; E. R. Pirtle, Duarte; A. F.
Morton, Vernon ; B. Bellinger, London,
England; S. D. Long, Mount Forest,
Canada; J. CrossleyNeilson,Edinburgh,
Scotland ; Alfred Partridge, New York ;
E. J. Partridge, New York; George
Graves, Logansport, Ind.; John Owens,
Charleston, Ind.; F. M. Runyon,
Charleston, Ind.; J. P. Applegate, New
Albany, Ind.; Mrs. Jennie E. Johnson,
Louisville, Ky.; C. T. Robertson,
Bloomington, Ind.; M. C. Robertson,
Springfield, Minn.; Col. E. AY. Green,
Bristol, R. I.; John Schaugenbecher,
Brooklyn ; William Seeger, Brooklyn ;
S. B. Root, Rivera; Mrs. Florence A.
Henry and family, Waterloo, la.; Dr.
W. C. Barman, Alhambra; Mr. and
Mrs. A. W. Beratler, Fruitlands; Harry
Robson, Gardena; John Jay Anderson,
Montgomery county, Ky.; I). C. Big
ford, St. Paul.
Marriage Licenses.
The following marriage licenses were
issued yesterday:
Giovanni Rovera, a native of Italy, of
the city, aged 28, to Lodovica Violto, a
native of Italy, of the city, aged 20.
Juoquin Pesquerra, Ja native of Cali
fornia, of Crescenta, aged 24, to Mortina
A. Cufia, a native of Mexico, of Cres
centa, aged 18.
John Sullivan, a native of Ireland, of
the city, aged 35, to Mary Archer, a na
tive of Ireland, of the city, aged 23.
"LA TOUR EIFFEL."
Description of the Marvelous
Structure.
Its Summit Kisses the Sapphire
Sky.
The Electric Light Has Boon Seen
Fifty-three Miles Away.
Major Ben C. Truman's Impressions of the
Work Set Forth in an Interest
ing Letter.
Kditokk Herald—"La Tour Eiffel" is
at once the most marvelous and the
most majestic, spectacular and enchant
ing mechanical achievement of any time.
Looking up at it from the Trocadero, or
from the central dome, or from the
fountain underneath, or down upon it
from its summit, or from any of its
floors, there is a delight and an im
pressiveness that is produced by no
other structure of ancient or modern
times. Mr. Dana, of the New York Sun,
taking in the panorama from the top of
the tower, wrote to his paper: "The
scene is overwhelming. The Champ-dc-
Mars, the colossal structures that invade
it, the vast areas enclosed, the
Seine imprisoned and its bridges
confiscated, the Trocadero attached,
the Invalides assimilated, the be
wildering outburst of color, the incon
ceivable gayety and animation of the
scene, all produce an impression on the
mind such as no humanly-contrived
spectacle ever before effected. I look
down from the summit of Eiffel
Tower, the greatest piece of engineering
known. All the occasions of spectacular
delight that have ever been known,
whether they sprang from an industry
of a people or from the pride of a con
queror, pale into utter insignificance be
fore the display now made in Paris. To
see it, and to absorb its variety, day by
day, is a liberal education, and a most
potent and irresistible incentive to pro
gress and endeavor."
A Bird's Kye View of the Tower.
Its summit kisses the sapphire sky,
and the severest tempest on record at the
Paris Observatory could not produce a
vibratory motion of more than six or
seven inches. It is nearly 1,000 feet
from its base to the top of "its flagstaff,
and it looms up 430 feet higher than the
"Washington monument, or 4(52 feet
higher than the Cathedral at Cologne,
which is the third highest thing in the
world made by human hands. It can
be seen from any part of Paris and its
environs, and its electric flashes can be
viewed as far oil' as Fontainbleau, and
have even been witnessed from the
Chartres cathedral, 53 milt's away.
You behold its noble form by day and
you dream of it at night. It at once
fascinates and impresses, and truly is
"monarch for all it surveys." It is vast,
spectacular, brilliant, grand and wonder
ful ; and no one who has seen it can ever
forget its stupendous and magnificent
proportions. It stands upon four"iegs"
or inclined pillars, each leg or pillar
having an Otis elevator, which (tarries
about 700 persons up to the first and sec
ond floors hourly, or 2,800 in all. It
takes just 66 seconds to reach the first
floor, which is IGS feet from the ground.
Upon this floor are a great many bazars
and four restaurants, each of which is
105 feet in length, and four corner pa
vilions, each about fifty feet square. A
splendid gallery ten feet wide runs clear
round the first floor, and as many as
0,000 people have been upon this ga'llerv
and in the restaurants at one time. All
Paris may be seen from this gallery;
and, in my opinion, it is the best view
of all—certainly a much better and more
satisfactory one than that obtained
from the upper floor. The same elevator
takes you in sixty-eight seconds to the
second platform, 173 feet higher, where
there are a great many stores and a
printing-office, but no 'restaurants or
saloons. This floor has an area of about
16,000 square feet,and it also has a gallery
nearly, if not quite, as broad as the one
upon the first floor, To get to the (pub
lic) top there are 524 feet more to accom
plish, which takes about four minutes
(which includes one minute for transfer),
and which is made by two counterweight
lifts of 202 feet each, and which take up
some 800 people an hour. The second
time I ascended the tower there were
8,000 people in it; and, while it was
raining hard a hundred feet below the
upper story, it was the gayest
of sunshine above. The upper story, or
floor, contains a number of bazars, <fee,
and has an area of 5,500 square feet. A
few yards higher is the sanctum of Mr.
Eiffel, and above him, a few feet, is the
abiding place of the managers of the
electric lights, which are flashed all over
Paris from 8:30 in the evening until 10.
Beside the elevator and lifts there are
staircases from bottom to top, but I
have never met a person who has ever
made the trip either way afoot the sec
ond time. The stairways to the domi
cile of Mr. Eiffel and to the rooms
still further above are private, and few
have been invited to go up to the very
tip-top.
An Arizona Cowboy "On Top."
It is a noteworthy fact, however, that
an American cowboy—"Arizona Joe"—
was tlie first human being to reach the
top of the Tower Eiffel after its com
pletion and public opening, as the
upper elevator (an Edoux lift) was in
augurated on the 10th of June, 1889;
and the first party to go up was the
Prince and Princess of Wales, Duke and
Duchess Uzes, Marquis and Marquise de
Perigord, Colonel Federick Clarke, Cap
tain Carter Centurrier, Colonel Wil
liam F. Cody. Major John M. Burke,
Annie Oakley and ''Arizona Joe," the
four last named being members of the
"Buffalo Bill" show. Joe stepped out
of the lift first, then ascended the pri
vate stairway, and pinned a lithograph
of Cody upon the lightning-rod of
the highest tower in the world. M.
Eiffel had planted the French
flag upon the uppermost part of this
colossal piece of mechanism on the 31st
of March preceding, however, but the
tower was in an unfinished condition."
Strnck by Lightning.
During a gorgeous electric storm one
night in August, at a quarter to ten, the
tower was struck, and the shock was
felt by some two or three thousand
persons within it, but the gigantic shaft
never waved an inch or dropped a bolt.
M. Foussat, chief of the electric service,
who was on the platform of the projector
at the summit at the time, noticed the
falling of several drops of metal, which,
he stated, came from the copper point of
one of the lightning conductors;
and the guardian, posted on the
platform immediately below the
robe leading to the flag, was
enveloped for several minutes in an
opaque white cloud, which he compared
to a mass of snow, and which reflected
the light of the projector sufficiently to
enable him to read. Mr. Eiffel, the fol
lowing morning, caused the fact to be
published that the striking of the tower
was on account of M. Marcart, the direc
tor of the Central Meteorological Office,
having a few moments previously, re
moved the platinum point from the
lightning conductor, and that it had not
been replaced.
Some Interesting Details.
With due credit to M. Eiffel for his con
cept ion and execution of this matchless
piece of work, thetirst proposal evermade
for the const ruction of a tower of iron
1060 feel in height, was by a Mr. Tre
vithick, an Englishman, in 1833, and
the real inventor of the locomotive en
gine, in whose honor a window has
lately been placed in Westminster
Abbey ; in 1881 M. Bebillot made a prop
osition to build an electric shaft 1,000
feet high in the heart of Paris, from the
summit of which he proposed to light
the gay capital; and in 1874 a number
of American engineers proposed towers
of iron for the Centennial grounds at
Fairmount, but tlie estimated cost com
pletely paralyzed the executive commit
tee. Tlie French Government, itself,was
somewhat staggered when its projector
declared that the proposed tower
would cost seven millions of
francs, or more than 11,250,000. A
majority of the artists and contractors,
and the people, generally, of Paris,
scouted the idea of a shaft of wrought
iron 1,000 feet in height; and, not until
the flag of their nation was seen flying
from its top, did the last scoffer "go off
and take a rest." But the tower was
built, and it is, today, undoubtedly, the
most beautiful and commanding struct
ure in the world. Its entire cost was
0,000,000 francs; 3,512,000 persons as
cended'to one or more of the platforms,
and paid 6,000,000 francs therefor; while
the sales oi the privileges amounted to
550,000 francs more. It will earn money
for M. Eiffel & Co. for twenty years, and
then become the property, like the Tro
cadero —the crowning beauty of the ex
position of 1878—of the municipality. It
was the grandest and, altogether," the
most attractive object of the exposition ;
it drew many millions of francs into the
grounds, and contributed largely toward
governmental tranquility and the defeat
of Boulanger; for it, and the rest of the
exposition, brought to Paris in nine
months an average of 200,000 strangers a
day, who left behind them in dollars and
ducats and shekels and marks, and other
coins of respective realms, nearly 1,500,
--000,000 francs, and that alone made the
heart of the Parisian tradesman exceed
ing glad. In all, 25,000,000 people
visited the grounds and went into or
looked up at La Tour Eiffel; of these
nearly 6,000,000 were Frenchmen outside
of Paris, and about 2,000,000 or a little
less were foreigners. From countries
outside of France, as correctly as can be
ascertained, Great Britain led off with
over half a million people; the United
States sent over 100,000; Canada con
tributed 18,000, Germany 28,000, Belgium
120,000, Switzerland and Holland each
about 12,000, Italy 9,000, and so down
to 2,000 from Australia, while Japan,
China, Fviissia, Servia, Roumania,
Egypt, Turkey, Persia and all the
countries in the world, helped to swell
the great catalogue of sightseers. On
the opening day 112,000 persons entered
the gates ; there was no day that there
were not 00,000 visitors, and the average
was nearly 180,000. On the day the
Shah of Persia visited the exhibition—
and I shall never forget that multitude,
nor the illumination of the grour.kaVami
the fountains and the tower —306,000
persons paid their way in; and upon
the closing day 400,000 entered as
patrons —200,000 of whom lingered until
nearly midnight to listen to the last gun
from La Tour Eiffel,whose stentorophonie
reverberations told the multitude that
the great Exposition Universelle of 1889
had ceased to exist.
Ben C. Truman.
OH
CURES PROMPTLY
STIFFNESS, STIFF NECK.
Violent Pains in Neck.
Friendship, Wis., June 14,1888.
My wife had violent pains in her neck,
which was very sore and stiff. She was cured,
antirely by St. Jacobs Oil. JAMES BTOWE.
In Terrible Pain.
Ames M'fg. Co., Chicopee, Mass., June 18, 1888
From overexertion every bone was made
stiff and sore; in terrible pain. I was cured
promptly by St. Jacobs Oil.
J. C. BUCKLEY, Paymaster.
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