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LOS ANGELES HERALD.
VOL. XXXIV.—NO. 33.
The Cave-In of a Pennsyl
Twenty-Seven Men Literally
Three of the Victims Rescued in a
An Explosion of Gas the Caus9 of the
Terrible Collapse-Pitiful Sights at
the Mouth of the Fit.
Associated Press Dispatches.]
Wilkesbahee, Pa., May 15.—A cave
in occurred today near Ashley, in the
mine operated by the Lehigh and
Wilkesbarre Coal Company. Twenty
five men were entombed. The scene of
the disaster is one of intense excitement.
Not only the relatives of the imprisoned
miners, but thousands of others are
gathered upon the spot discussing the
best methods of effecting a rescue.
Things are in such a chaotic condition
that the results are by no means cer
tain. Many believe the rescue is well
nigh impossible, while others, as
they watch the continual movement
of the surface and the extensive work
ings of the mines, shake their heads in
grave doubt. The present cave imme
diately adjoins the mine in which an
extensive cave occurred twelve years
ago, imprisoning ten men over a week,
but who were finally rescued alive.
The present cave extends over half a
mile square, and includes a portion of a
thickly-settled village called Mafett's
Patch. A large number of houses have
gone down with the surface, but only a
few are badly damaged.
Later —It is now known that there
were twenty-seven miners entombed in
the mine. The cave occurred at !)
o'clock this morning, in No. (J colliery,
covering an area of more than ten acres.
The surface, almost as far as the eye can
reach, was seamed and cracked with
circular fissures, some of which were
.two feet wide. Thousands rushed to
the scene of the disaster, and the
lamentations of wives and little ones
were heartrending. Rescuing parties
were immediately organized, ami gang
after gang relieved one another, until 5
o'clock, when the news was passed that
they had succeeded in breaking through
the chambers beneath the cave. About
6:30 the charred and blackened form
of Anthony Froyne was hoisted Lo
the surface. He was still alive,
but Ills injuries are considered fatal.
Old miners said |the fact of Froyne
being so badly hurt lent very little hope
for the safety of his companions.
Wreck and ruin were wrought on the
surface of the earth, as well as in the
fatal pit. Nearly a score of houses were
shattered and destroyed and the fami
lies compelled to flee for their lives.
Up to 11 o'clock two men had been
taken out besides Froye—Fire Boss
John Allen and Roberts. Both are
alive, but terribly injured. It is asserted
that Allen's lamp caused the explosion.
At midnight the rescuing parties were
driven out of the gangway. The place is
full of black damp, and further approach
in the direction of the victims was im
possible, even with safety lamps. A
vigorous effort is now being made to
change the air current, so as to drive
the gas back from where the victims are
supposed to be.
The scenes around the mouth of
the pit are sorrowful and Im
pressive. The space in the vicinity
of the opening is lighted with loco
motive headlights, turned into the
yawning cavern, where details of miners
have been laboring. Outside this small
circle all is darkness. Hundreds of
men, women and children are arranged
in a semi-circle around the opening.
The men entombed are nearly all mar
ried and leave dependent " families.
The people crowd close to the opening
and peer into the darkness of the fatal
depth, while the cries of the women and
little ones makes the heart sick with
THE GIIIM 11EAPKR.
The Brother of Senator Stanford Passes
Bam Francisco, May 15. —John 11.
Stanford, a brother of United States
Senator Leland Stanford, and well
known pioneer of the state, died at his
home in Oakland last night of heart dis
ease. He was born in Watervliet, New
York, in 1817, and came to California in
1849, where he amassed a fortune in
mercantile and real estate transactions.
He had been ailing for some time pre
vious to his death.
Grass Valley, Cal., May 16.—John
L. Smith, a pioneer of this place, died
this afternoon. He was superintendent
of the Orleans Mining Company for
many years, was a native of Edinburgh,
Scotland, and aged 68 years.
Governors Island, N. V., May 15. —
Nelson 11. Davis, brigadier-general,
United States army, died here this after
noon of apoplexy. He had just arrived
upon the island to visit his friends and
was apparently in good health.
Nearly All the Eastern Games Post
Chicago, May 15. —American games
at Brooklyn and Philadelphia, all the
brotherhood, except at Brooklyn, and all
the National League games postponed
today; wet grounds or rain.
Rochester, May 15.—Rochester, 4;
Syraccse, May 15.—Syracuse, (!; St.
Brooklyn, May 15. —The brotherhood
clubs played this afternoon a superb and
intensely exciting game. The grounds
were wet and slippery. Attendance 41)0.
Brooklyn, 7; Chicago, C.
San Francisco, May 15. —San Fran
cisco, 0; Oakland, (i.
Stockton, May 15.—Stockton, 2; Sac
San Dihgo, May 15.—The eighteen
months-ohl child of AVilliam Shank
died yesterday from the effects of drink
ing a quantity of concentrated lye left in
its way thirteen days ago.
The Smuggled Chinamen to lie Sent Back
on the Next Steamer.
Warhinoton, May 15.—As a result of
the correspondence between the depart
ment of justice and the treasury depart
ment, it has been decided to send back
to China the twenty-one Chinamen
smuggled into thiseountry from Mexico,
and now in custody at Los Angeles.
They will be transferred to San
Franciso and placed on the first steamer
sailing for China. This action is taken
on the theory that it is cheaper and bet
ter for the government to bear the ex
pense of their return to China, than to
send them back into Mexico ami run the
chance of having to re-arrest them and
send them back an indefinite number of
The house committee on Pacific rail
mad has finally decided to report favor
ably to the house the Pacific railroad
funding bill, which it has had under
consideration for several months. The
bill reported will be a substitute for the
Vandever bill, but this substitute is
really the bill reported by the senate
committee, amended in some respects.
The vote on reporting the bill was 2 to
4. One member refrained from casting
a vote on the ground that he was not
fully informed upon the subject. A
minority report will also be presented.
The president has sent to the senate
the following appointments of post
masters : Oregon—James W. Hare. As
toria; California—Asa T. Butler, Hollis
ter; Wyoming—James A. Shannor,
The action of the secretary of the
navy in the case of Commander Mc-
Calla, late commanderof the Enterprise,
was made public today. The court
found him guilty of all the charges, ami
sentenced him to be suspended from
rank and duty for three years, and to re
tain his present number on the list of
commanders while so suspended. The
action of the department is embodied in
a general order issued by the secretary
this afternoon approving the sentence.
HUNTINGTON AND PARTY COMING
All the Southern Towns to bo Visited.
San Diego's Subsidy, and Other Rail
road News—The Rate War.
San Francisco, May 15. —C. I. Hunt
ington gave ttie officials of the Southern
Pacific Company a banquet at the Palace
hotel last night. He leaves Saturday on
an extended tour of the central and
southern points of the state, with a
number of official associates. The party
will travel in a special train of three
private cars. Mr. Huntington, his
family, and William Mahl, his right
hand man, will use the New York
magnate's private car. Colonel
Fred Crocker and J. A. Fill
more will also take their private
cars, J. C. Stubbs and C. F. Smurr ac
companying the former gentleman, and
Arthur Brown, 11. J. Small, J. H. Wal
lace and B. Welsh accompanying Mr.
Fillmore. The party will travel by day
light, and will be gone about a week.
Stockton, Santa Barbara and Los An
geles will be visited, possibly San Diego
also, and a large number of smaller
towns, and on the conclusion of the trip
Huntington will go directly east from
Los Angeles in a special train, over the
Santa Fe road, at the personal invitation
of President Manvel. He expects to
come back here in September and re
main here for the rest of the year.
Sau Diego's Subsidy.
NBW York, May 15. —Dow, Jones &
Co., have the following Boston special:
Some time ago the people of San Diego
subscribed a $500,000 subsidy to any
transcontinental line that would build
to San Diego. Negotiations are pending
to divert the subsidy to the Atchison,
in view of its placing a trans-Pacific
steamship line between San Diego and
Japan and Australia. The steamship
line could be in operation in sixty days,
whereas two years will be necessary for
building the "transcontinental road. The
former would, in time, force the latter
by the increased business San Diego
Southern Pacific's Oeficit.
San Francisco, May 15. —The state
ment of the earnings and expenditures
of the Southern Pacific Company for the
first three months of the present year,
shows a deficit of $1,732,312, due to
snow blockades, floods and washouts,
during January and February.
St. li. & S. I\ Stock.
New York, May 15. —At the first meet
ing of the new board of directors of the
St. Louis and San Francisco railroad to
morrow, it is stated an issue of $10,000,
--000 stock will be authorized to be used
in paying the floating debt, providing
additional equipments and other pur
Stockholders' Meeting Postponed.
Boston, May 15.—The annual meeting
of the Atlantic and Pacific stockholders
has been adjourned to Thursday next,
at the request of the two railroad com
panies which have authority to name
the board of directors.
Ticket Brokers Wrangling.
Indianapolis, May 15. —The American
Ticket Brokers' Association spent the
day in wrangling over the reinstatement
of E. A. Milford, a Chicago scalper. The
charges against Milford were numerous,
and his petition was defeated by a vote
of 53 to 42. Milford talks about bring
ing mandamus proceedings.
Chicago, May 15.—The Burlington
railroad announces a cut to $10.50 on the
rate from St. Paul to St. Louis.
A Train Wrecked.
Oregon City, May 15. —A train on the
Southern Pacific was wrecked tonight
near Clackamas bridge. The train was
running fifteen miles per hour, when a
brake beam on the fifth car from the
last fell down across the track, derailing
and smashing the last five cars.
Valuable Stallion Lost.
HoLLILTfCR. May 15. —The stallion
Luco, belonging to E. J. Turner, broke
a leg in a box stall last night, nnd had
to be shot. He was a tlioi
Norman, and one of the most
horses ever imported here.
FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 16, 1890.
MONEY AND WIFE.
The Cause of the Arnold-
The Colusa Ex-Sheriff's defense
A Small-Sized Sensation Created at
All the Late Grand Jury Indictments
Dismissed — General Pacific
Associated Press Dispatches. I
San Francisco, May 15.—The prose
cution rested its case today, in the trial
of D. H. Arnold, ex-sheriff of Colusa
county, for the murder of S. W. Garness.
J. N. E. Wilson, of the defense,
made an opening statement, In which he
described the introduction of Garness to
the defendant, by Mrs. Arnold, in the
Nadeau house at Los Angeles, and went
on to say that after Arnold and wife
returned to Colusa county, a circular
was distributed by mail among the best
people of the county derogatory to the
character of members of Arnold's fam
ily. On the following day Garness ap
peared in Colusa, offered his condolence
to Arnold, and suggested the name of
a certain party as the guilty one.
In December, 1888, and again
in the following September, circulars
were distributed, and on the 81st of De
cember, 1880, the worst circular of all
was received. In January Arnold met
one Miller, who asked him if he ever
suspected Garness, to which the defend
ant replied he had not; whereupon
Miller said: "He is after your money
and your wife." Counsel described Ar
nold's efforts to discover the author of
the circulars, and said he would show
through the testimony of a private de
tective that Arnold was at times on the
verge of insanity. He then described
the meeting of Garness and Arnold Jan
uary 30th, and said the defence would
prove that Garness confessed being the
author of the circulars, and also that
the latter always carried a pistol.
A SAN DIEOO SENSATION.
AH the Indictments by the Grand Jury
San DieuO, May 15. —A sensation was
caused this afternoon when all the in
dictments returned by the late grand
jury were dismissed, on the recommen
dation of the district attorney. The
cases include those against the supervis
ors of the county for squandering county
funds, members of the former grand
jury for perjury, the criminal libel case
of G. W. Monteith against Editor Smith
of the Sun, and of Wm. Mayne for at
tempting to murder Bertha Johnson,
who, at a former trial, fired two bullets
into his back in open court. The rea
sons given are that the evidence is not
sufficient to hold the defendants.
Judge Sahln's Funeral.
Carson City, New, May 15.—A1l the
business houses in the city were closed
today out of respect to the memory of
Judge Sabin, who was buried this lifter
noon. The body lay under the rotunda
of the capitol building, where it was
visited by many friends. The floral
tributes were very numerous. At St.
Peter's church Rev. Sanford read the
Episcopal burial service. The pall
bearers were Judges Hawley and Bel
knap, Controller Hallock.T. J. Edwards,
clerk of the United States court, ex-
Governor Kinkead, Judge Bigelow, ( has.
Galusha, Trenmor Coffin, Captain Mat
thewson and Dr. Lee. A long line of
carriages accompanied the remains to
the grave, where the ceremony was fin
Large Sale of Mining Propety.
OboyILLE, Cal., May 15.—The largest
sale of mining property ever effected in
this country closed today. The sale em
braces the Cape, Union Cape and Greek
Mining Companies' property in the bed
of the Feather river, commencing at the
eastern boundary of the town and ex
tending up the river hearly two miles.
The upper portion of the ground was
formerly known as the Cape claim, and
ilumed in 1856, at which time $1,000,000
was taken out. An English company
is the purchaser. The company pro
poses to. open vast tracts of country by a
great irrigating canal.
San Francisco's Chinatown Case.
San Francipco, May 15.—dial Yuen,
who was arrested Tuesday for violating
the Bingham ordinance providing for
the lemoval of Chinatown, has secured
his release on a bond, pending the hear
ing of the writ of habeas corpus, which
was sworn out in the United States
court. The hearing was set for July
14th next. The case came up in the
police court this morning, and Judge
Rix said he did not want to get into any
conflict with the Federal courts. He
thereupon, with the consent of the de
fendant, postponed the trial Until July
The Cash Forthcoming:.
San Francisco, May 15.—The evening
papers print a statement that $1,000,000
was received from London by cable to
day to pay 25 per cent, of the cash in
stallment due on the purchase by an
English syndidate of the Philadelphia,
United States, Fredericksburg and nine
other breweries in San Francisco and
vicinity. The total purchase price of
these breweries exceeds, it is stated,
$6,000,000, but part of this amount will
be secured by debenture bonds bearing
7 per cent, interest secured on the whole
of the property purchased by the syndi
Given to the Jury.
Bakbbsfikxd, May 15.—The case of
W. T. C. Elliott for killing John 1?.
\V bite, in Inyo county in April, 1888,
was given to the jury this afternoon.
Elliott was tried in Inyo county and
found guilty of murder in the first de
gree, but afterwards got a change of
venue to this place.
A Forty-Cent Hold-Up.
Wawoka, Cal., May 15.—A report has
been received from Mariposa that the up
between Mariposa and Merced,
was stopped by masked highwaymen
last night, near Bear Valley and Prince
ton. The express taken contained noth
ing. All the robber received for Jiis
trouble was forty cents, taken from Miss
larnsworth, the only passenger. A
large party of men left Mariposa this
morning in pursuit of the robber.
I. O. O. F. Grand Officers.
San Francisco, May 15. —At today's
session of the Grand Lodge of Odd Fel
lows of California, grand officers w.ere
elected as follows : Grand master, John
Glosson, No. 12, Grass Valley; deputy
grand master, J. N. E. Wilson, No. 200
San Francisco; grand secretary, W. B.
Lyon, No. 7, San Francisco"; grand
treasurer, George W. Lemont, No. 131,
San Francisco; grand representative,
Jas. G. Maguire, San Francisco, and
Reuben H. Lloyd, hold-over; grand
trustees, Luman W'adbam, E. F. White
and 11. D. Richardson.
Charged With Harder.
San Francisco, May 15.—An inquest
was held this afternoon on the case of
J. G. Margot, who died at the hospital
Monday last after having been engaged
in a quarrel with Frank Smith. The
jury brought in a verdict that the de
ceased came to his death from acute
alcoholism, superinduced by blows on
the head from a club in the hands of
Smith. Smith was arrested and charged
Vknvi RA.May 15.—McCarthy,the bank
robber who was returned from the Napa
asylum as not being insane six weeks
ago, was to have been tried today for
robbery, but his counsel brought up the
question of insanity again, and he was
again adjudged insane and will be sent
back to the asylum.
Tux ABE, Cal., May 14. —A meeting was
held here this afternoon for the purpose
of taking steps to have Tulare county
represented at the world's fair. A
committee was appointed to take charge
of the matter.
CASTAWAY WINS IN A SLOW
1 adge Second—Eric Third—The Track was
Muddy but Good Time was Made Nev
-1 ertheless—Other Races.
Brooklyn, May 15. —The Brooklyn
Jockey Club today probably had the
largest attendance seen at its track since
the opening day, the occasion being the
beginning of its spring meeting. Added
to this was the attraction of the Brook
lyn handicap, one of the great winter
events. There were about 20,000 people
present. The weather was unpleasant,
rain coming down in a drizzle during the
afternoon. The track was muddy,
though not exactly "holding." The
event of the day, the Brooklyn handi
cap, resulted in a somewhat un
pleasant surprise for the bulk of
the backers, inasmuch as a horse that
had been running poorly at the winter
track won in a convenient kind of a
canter. Los Angeles, the favorite, to
the surprise of every one, was never in
the race, and the only animal that made
any pretense to covering the ground was
Badge, but it was a good race under the
circumstances, however, and the time
made was surprisingly fast, the first
half being run in 51 seconds, and the
mile in 1 :43.
The great handicap was the fourth
event; distance, one mile and a quarter,
for three-year-olds and upwards. Start
ers: Sir Dixon (Garrison), Los Angeles
(Barnes), Come-to-Taw (Day), Badge
(Saylard), Eric (Warwick), "Oriflamme
(Anderson), Cynosure (Regan), Casta
way (Bunn), Vengeur (Martin).
Just before the start of the event of
the day, the betting paddock was a sight
to behold. Men fought like tigers to
reach the bookmakers. Old race-goers
say they never saw such intense excite
ment around the track.
The scene when the bell rang was an
animated one. Men ran hither ami
thither to gain points of advantage.
After a short delay the flag fell to an
excellent start. Castaway at once took
the track and passed the stand with a
lead of fully four lengths, with Sir Dixon
lapped by Vengeur, Cynosure and Erie.
They ran in this order till around the
first turn, and entering the back
stretch. Passing the mile pole, Castaway
led by a length and a half, Eric second,
a length before Sir Dixon. From this
point out the race was a perfect proces
sion, Castaway winning in a slow canter
and almost pulled up, by eight lengths.
Badge finished second, two" lengths in
front of Eric, who was two lengths in
front of Come-to-Taw; three lengths
behind came Los Angeles, and
the rest straggled in, Sir Dixon
finishing next to the last. Vengeur ran
a whipper-in. Time, 2:10. Mutuals
paid $212.05; place, $52.70; Badge paid
Five furlongs—Civil Service won, Blue
Rock second, Fordham third; time,
Handicap for all ages, mile and six
teenth —Eon won, Sluggard second, Mad
stone third; no time taken.
Louisville, May 15. —Attendance fair;
weather cool; track slow.
Two-year-olds, half mile—Ora won,
Kat Una second, Jeannette third;
Two-year-olds, half mile—Rose How
ard won, Major Thornton second, Wood
ford third; time, .52.
Two-year-olds, half a mile—Abun
dance colt won, Terrific second, Turmoil
third; time, 50%.
Fourth race —Brooklyn handicap,
Sweepstakes, two-year-olds, half a
mile—Correction won, Claudine second,
Rometta third ; time, 51.
All ages, one mile —Sparting won,
Foxmeade second, Quesnal third; time,
All ages, mile and seventy yards—
Mt. Lebanon won, Cecil B." second;
Bettina dropped out of the race at the
half mile ; time, 1:53.
Two-year-old fillies, five furlongs—
Lady Washington won, Ethel second,
Elizabeth third; time, 1:05 W.
Maidens, all ages, mile—Louisa For
rest won, Eugenic second, Linnie third;
A Case of Sunstroke.
lone, Cal., May 15.— J. H. Gregory re
ceived a sunstroke yesterday while re
pairing a fence. He was nearly dead
when found. The thermometer was
Meeting of the General As
sembly at Saratoga.
An Important Era in the
History of the Church.
President Roberts Delivers a Re
Privileges and Obligations of the Church
Associated Press Dispatches. I
Saratoha, N. V., May 15.—The Pres
byterian General Assembly opened with
a prayer-meeting this morning. The
business session begins this afternoon.
President Roberts, of the Lake Forest
university, Illinois, the retiring mod
erator, delivered an address on "The
Privileges and Consequent Obligations
of the Presbyterian Church." He re
viewed the work of the church, etc., at
length. His reference to the absorbing
topic of revision was in enumerating the
special privileges of the church. Among
these he said was a clear-cut, strong and
scriptural creed. "Notwithstanding the
the few objectionable passages, the al
leged incorrect interpretations of the
scripture and the questionable philoso
phy of two or three paragraphs in our
standards, they are a marvel of skill and
dialectic acumen. They have been
justly classed among the best specimens
extant of clear thought and cogent rea
soning. They were prepared in troublous
times for the purpose of uniting in one
church all the Christians of great
Britain and Ireland. Every paragraph
was heated in the tires of controversy
and forged into bars of gold, not only by
the best theologians of the church," but
by the ablest statesmen, also, of both
houses of parliament. The shorter cat
echism has been pronounced by many
who have had no sympathy with its
doctrines the best compendium of scrip
tural truths this world has ever seen.
The standards are not only clear cut but
exceedingly strong. They are based
largely on God's sovereignty. It is no
such sovereignty, however, "as implies
arbitrariness or injustice, but such as
abases the proud and encourages the
lowly. It loudly proclaims in these days
that the doctrines of our standards are
destitute of the breathings of God's love.
This is largely true. The tender phase
of divine character is not so clearly set
forth as it ought to be in this age. But it
I must not be forgotten that the church has
| been undergoing a process of evolution
from her infantile days to the present
time. Grace and truth came by Jesus
Christ, but those lovely qualities could
have come only after the way had been
prepared for them by the sterner quali
ties of the law which came by Moses.
"The strong truths of our'Calvanistic
creed are not to be looked upon, there
fore, as monstrosities, but as necessary
antecedents to milder and more lovely
doctrines. These doctrines have been
drawn out of God's word in such a way
as to forbid the making of any essential
changes in them without doing violence
to that word."
Among other privileges of the church
enumerated and dilated upon were a
government more in keeping with the
teachings of the scripture than that of
any other branch of the church ; cham
pionship in the cause of education; su
perior missionary appliances, and con
ceded wealth. On this latter point,
Dr. Roberts said in part: "It
may seem doubtful at first sight whether
riches can be regarded as one of the
privileges of the church of Christ. In
themselves considered, they cannot be
an indication of moral power or useful
ness, nevertheless they do acquire ac
cording to the best known principles of
ethics, morality as well as strength,
when view as a trust for God's glory and
the good of the world. It is often al
leged that our church owns and controls
more money than any other in our land.
One of the congregations in New York
city is said to possess more than a hun
dred million dollars. The Presbyterians
of Chicago have under their control, not
in their possession, three hundred mil
lion dollars. This is a fair sample of
what is to be found in other communi
ties east and west. It is certainly a
great privilege to be entrusted with" so
much of our Lord's money, if we have
the grace to use it as good and faithful
Dr. Roberts said that the obligations
arising from these privileges came under
the text, "Unto whomsoever much is
given, of him shall much be required,"
and spoke at great length on the duty of
the church. Following are some of his
points: "There is an evident looseness
not only in admitting men into our
ministry, but also in giving church
sessions unlimited license to supply
their own pulpits. In many congrega
tions ministers are hired by the year
like a clerk. The communities in which
they live regard them not as permanent
factors in their social or religious life.
The value of the permanent pastorate
is beyond all computation. * * * *
Not a few of our vacant churches are
allowed to be overran by professional
candidates. Our worthy ministers are
frequently set aside for men who are
after the loaves and fishes. They have
a few flashy discourses that catch the
ears of the people, but when they are
delivered they have nothing left worth
listening to. Under this practice piety
languishes, activity ceases and Christian
benevolence is left uncultivated. * * *
The Presbyterian church must watch
with the greatest care the entrance into
her ministry. The number of candi
dates who reject some of the fundamenal
doctrines of our creed is said to be on the
increase. At the present rate of increase
the doctrinal status of our church will
certainly be Impaired. If growing lax
ity goes on, a loud cry will presently be
raised for a creed that will bind no min
ister to a specific system of belief. The
presbyteries should exercise more vig
ilance in the direction of preserving the
congress of faith in our ministers and
"The Presbyterian church is called
upon to conserve educational institu
tions. She has been largely the means
ol establishing, and adding to their
-SsB A YEARif-
Buys the Daily Herald and
*12 the Weekly Herald.
IT IS NEWSY AND CLEAN.
FIVE CENTS, i
number as circumstances may demand.
The public school system has been the
bulwark and glory of our nation, but of
late it has become an object of
assault by the Romish clergy. The
high officials of that politico-religious
system are bent on destroying or con
trolling it. The church we represent is
in duty bound to meet these enemies of
our common schools. They should and
probably can be improved in certain
particulars. But the system in its main
features and fundamental principles
must be upheld at the cost, if needs be
of blood and treasure. The perpetuation
of our free institutions demands virtue
and homo-geneousness in our nation
But this cannot be realized without
the moulding influence of Christianity.
"The Romanist must be brought to ac
cept our common schools ; the Mormons
to practice monogamy) the Indians to
worship the only living and true God;
the Chinaman to adopt the principles of
the Christian religion.and the anarchists
to keep the Sabbath and honor the eter
nal principles of God's word. The
alarming condition of portions of our
country calls for still greater vigilance
and effort on the part of the church.
Even New England, which in many re
spects, is the most favored part of our
country, is threatened by an avalanche
of propagandists of the Romish church.
The middle states are threatened with a
tidal-wave of emigrants from Europe/the
majority of whom would gladly wash
away the old landmarks of Puritanism,
if not religion.
"The country is today standing aghast
before the rising cloud of ignorance and
immorality among the freedmen of the
south, which threaten to overspread our
political sky with uloom. The north
west is trembling on the a volcano
that may at any moment shake into
pieces the proudest political and reli
gious fabrics. The southwest is groan
ing under the domination of Rome.
The Wahsatch mountains are holding
today in their bosoms a foetid pool that
threatens to devastate the contiguous
states and territories. The Pacific coast
is threatened with heathenism. Infi
delity, intellectual and practical, is
everywhere striving to overthrow our
Protestant Christianity. It has the
tongue of the orater and the ear of the
populace. It is becoming every day
more and more resolute, formidable and
boastful. What, but Christ's gospel
the power of God unto salvation, can
meet such threatened evils?"
Dr. Roberts adds that notwithstand
ing all this, hopeful prospects are not
wanting to encourage the church in its
home missionary work, and urges re
newed effort. More men are needed,
particularly in the west. The foreign
field is also calling for more men and
means. Another task to which the
church should bend herenergiesis to in
struct her members in the meantime .of
the true stewardship and use of money.
No department of Christian work is so
poorly developed as that of pecuniary
offerings. The church must set forth
more emphatically the connection that,
exists between tfie accumulation of
riches and God's blessing.
At the afternoon meeting Rev. W. E.
Moore, of Columbus, was elected mod
erator. Several committee reports were
accepted, and dates set for debates
thereon. The report of the committee
on church unity stated that % cordial
response had been made to the overtures
to the bishops of the Protestant Episco
pal church. Correspondence had also
been had with the chairman of the Con
gregational council. The resolutions
accompanying the report deprecate the
undue multiplicity of different denomi
nations in small communities. A con
tinuance of negotiations with the Prot
estant Episcopal and Congregational
churches was recommended.
The Southern Methodists.
St. Loris, May 15.—1n the general
conference of the Methodist Episcopal
Church South today, the temperance
committee concurred in the memorial
changing the degree of offense com
mitted by a member of the church who
encouraged the liquor traffic by renting
property for saloons and signing peti
tions for licenses, from "imprudence,"
as now designated in the discipline, to
Sale of Horses.
Sax Francisco, May 15.—John E.
Hills's sale of horses today was one of
the most successful ones held in this
city for some time. Bidding was dvely
and the prices obtained uniformly good.
The consignment consisted of sixty-four
bead, and the lot brought $40,117.50
an average of $:JlO. D. J. Murphy, of
San Jose, and J. M. Bailey, of Santa
Barbara county, were among the heavi
Fire in a Print Shop.
Sax Jose, Cal., May 15.—Fire in the
printing office of G.W. Brower caused
damage to the extent of $4,000. The
Evening Nea-s was slightly damaged by
water; also several places of business
adjoining. The building was owned by
the Colombia estate, and was uninsured.
The fire, it is supposed, started from a
cigarette thrown away.
Charities and Corrections.
Baltimore, May 15.—Active work of
the conference of charities and correc
tions l>egan today. On motion of C. C.
Truesdale, of Chicago, a committee was
appointed to consider the feasibility of
holding an international congress of
charities and corrections. Numerous
reports were made and several papers
Ordered Back to China.
San Francisco, May 15. —Collector
Phelps today received a dispatch from
the secretory of the treasury notifying
him of the decision regarding the
twenty-one Chinese under arrest at San
Diego for illegally entering the country,
and instructing him to deport them on
the first steamer for China.
Petalima, Cal., May 15.—Thomas
Beacom, an old and respected citizen,
recently publisher of the Sebastapol
Timet, tried to commit suicide last Mon
day by taking laudanum. The doctor
saved aim, and that night he tried to
cut his throat. Financial difficulties
was the cause.
Shot While Plowing;.
lone, Cal., May 15.—Last evening
while William Spray was plowing in a
field and unarmed, lie was shot in the
face with a load of buckshot by Alex.
Thompson, with whom he had trouble.
He cannot live. Thompson surrendered