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v THE HERALD ]
P Stands for the Interests of *
a Southern California. J
k SUBSCRIBE FOR IT. J
VOL. XXXIV.—NO. 137.
BLAINE UP IN MAINE.
He Makes a Housing Speech
A Dissertation on Reciprocity
He Says the War Tariff Was and Is
a Good Thing.
Congressman Mason, Henry Cabot Lodge
and Others Follow the Illustrious
Associated Press Dispatches. |
Watbbville, Maine, August 29. —A
public mass meeting was held to night,
and after Governor Burleigh had spoken,
President Small, of Colby university in
troduced the leader of the Republican
party and tbe famous advocate of tbe
interesting and progressive protective
tariff, Hon. James G. Blame. In re
gard to national questions, Blame said:
"I wish to declare tbe opinion that tbe
"United States has reached tbe point
where one of its highest duties is to en
large tbe area of its foreign trade. Under
the beneficent policy of protection
we have developed a volume
of manufactures which in many
departments overruns the demands
of the home market. In the fields of
agriculture, with the immense propul
sion given it by the improved agricul
tural implements, we can do far more
than produce breadstuffs and provisions
for our own people, nor would it be am
bitious for so great a country as ours to
manufacture only what we can consume,
or produce only what we can eat. We
are already, in many fabrics and in many
products, far beyond that, and our great
demand is expansion. I mean ex
pansion of trade with countries
where we can rind profitable ex
changes. We are not seeking tbe annex
ation of territory. Certainly, we do not
desire it unless it should come by tbe
violation of tbe people, who might ask
the priceless boon of a place under the
flag of the union. 1 feel sure that for a
long time to come tbe people of the
United States will he wisely content
with our present area, and will not
launch upon any scheme of annexation.
At tbe same time, I think we should be
unwisely content if we did not seek toen
gage in what younger Pitt so well termed
annexation of trade. For nearly thirty
years now the United States has had
the great advantage of a protective
tariff—a by far longer unbroken period
than its industrial policy had been in
force since the federal government was
organized. Happily tbe great majority
of our people, without strict regard to
party lines, believe the results to the
American people from tbe protective
policy have been of incalculable benefit's
aggregating in a quarter of a century,
a national and individual wealth, be
yond anything ever dreamed of before
in tbe history of the world.
"I do not mention protection because I
intend to speak in reference thereto be
fore this audience. That would be a
needless, if not an impertinent effort.
I merely wish to proclaim its victories.
Without protection the United States
would have been poor indeed after the
ravages of the war from 1861 to 1805;
with protection every section has
flourished and prospered,* grown
and gained. Even where rev
enue duties have been laid
with no expectation of developing
industries, there have in many instances
been great financial and industrial re
sults. The heavy duty on silk was lev
ied primarily, not for protection, but
simply to secure a larger revenue from
one of the luxuries of the rich, but as a
consequence the silk industry has in
creased so rapidly that it constitutes one
of the leading fabrics of New Jersey, one
of the largest manufacturing states in
"I could readily advance other illus
trations to the same effect, but as I have
already intimated, I am here to speak of
the expansion of foreign trade, not by
any novel process, not by
any mode that will shock our
disturbed home industries, not by any
mode that will invite our people to rash
experiments, or that will launch in
doubtful or dangerous investments.
What 1 mean to speak of, briefly, is a
system of reciprocity, not in conflict
with tbe protective taiiff, but supple
mentary thereto and presenting a field
of enterprise, that will richly repay the
effort and energy of the American
"We shall find it instructive and valu
able to examine into tbe sources of our
imports and distribution of our exports,
and to strike a balance between the two.
Take last year, 1881). In that year our
whole exports to ail countries in the
three continents, Europe, Asia and
Africa, and Australia, Canada and Ha
waii, amounted in round numbers to
$658,000,000, and our imports from all
those countries amounted in round
numbers to $520,000,000, showing
that from that vast trade we
had a balance of $120,000,000 in our
favor, equivalent to that amount of
gold among our people. But when all
the accounts are eiosed, instead of hav
ing $120,000,000 in our favor, we bad a
balance of $13,000,000 against our for
eign trade. We must, therefore, have
lost $142,000,000 in our commerce with
countries outside of these to which I
have referred. Where could have been
founcr 1 such a large adverse balance?
Let me tell you. We lost $41,000,000 in
Cuba, from which our imports were
$52,000,000, and to which our exports
were only $11,000,000. Forty one
million dollars is a pretty large sum to
lose in one island, in a single year. In
tbe republic of Brazil we left $51,000,000.
Our exports to Brazil were $9,000,000.
In Mexico we lost $10,000,000. Our im
ports from Mexico were $21,000,000;
our exports to Mexico, $11,000,000.
"To sum it all up, our imports from
the countries south of us were $21(1.000,
--000; our exports to them were $74,000,
--000. The balance against us in our trade
with these countries, therefore, is $142,
--000,000, exceeding our gains from all the
rest of the world by $13,000,000. By no
figure of speech can we flatter ourselves
into the belief that our trade with our
LOS ANGELES HERALD.
American neighbors is in a prosperous
"How can this state of affairs be rem
edied? You have heard a great deal
Bald within the past ten years by our
Democratic friends about the iniquity of
the Republican party keeping up the
war tariff. As a matter of fact the war
tariff has not been kept up, but has
been amended over and over again, until
the revision of 1883 left scarcely a trace
of the actual tarifr that was in oper
ation at the close of tbe war and for a
few years afterwards. During the war
we were compelled to tax almost every
thing in the air, in the water, on the
earth and under tbe earth. The necessi
ties of the government were so
great tbat we could allow scarcely
anything to be imported without paying
tribute, and I think no patriotic man
can deny that that was a wise policy.
We were not then studying the phil
osophy of trade relations", but how to
save the life of the nation. Money w r as the
primal neces rity, and we seized it where
ever we could reach it lawfully, but
during the last eighteen years a great
change has been made. So entirely
has our tariff been abolished that in the
fiscal year ending June 30th, 1889, the
articles admitted free were considerably
more than one-third of all tbe imports.
To be exact, the imported articles that
paid duty, exceeded $488,000,000 in
value, and the imported articles that
paid no duty, exceeded $250,000,000 in
value. The inevitable tendency is, I
think, toward the increase of the free
"A great mistake was made when we
began to repeal the war duties on so
large an amount of imports. Any duty
repealed was a favor and an advantage
to the exporting country, and we have
asked nothing in return. Instead of
this course, which I must say was only
carelessness and wastefulness by both
political parties, every repeal of duty
should have been succeeded by a most
thorough investigation, andjwhenever
it was found practicable to export any
thing from the United States, and thus
establish reciprocity of trade, it should
have been done. Ido not, of course, in
tend to declare or to imply that we could
have secured the free admission of $256,
--000,000 of American products into coun
tries whose products purchase we annual
ly to that amount. The richer country
cannot expect to get complete recipro
city in amount from countries less
wealthy, but whatever we should have
received would have been a clear gain,
and in all future repeals of duties,
whatever we may be able to get will be a
"It is not a question of setting deliber
ately to work to establish reciprocal
exchanges, but with all duties we have
thus far repealed, it has been a question
of whether we should get something or
get nothing. We have chosen with our
eyes closed to get nothing. I hope now
with our eyes open that we shall in the
luture choose to get something.
"We encounter opposition to this pol
icy from those who declare tbat il we
enter into reciprocity of trade with one
country, we must do so with all coun
tries, and thus indirectly bring about
free trade. Ido not see tbe logic,
and am sure the facts will not prove
what is predicted. We may enter into
reciprocity with a nation because we
find advantage in it. We may decline
to enter into reciprocity with another
nation because we see no advantage in
it. Reciprocity is simply a policy of
circumstances to be determined favor
ably or adversely according as its
operation may make or lose for us.
To say because we enter into
reciprocal relations with one country on
one thing, we must enter into reciprocal
relations with all other countries on all
things, is, to my mind, as absurd as to
say that if I buy a horse today I must
necessarily buy a drove of asses tomor
row ; all objections of that kind are, I
am sure, unfounded and will not stand
the test of argument or practical trial.
"Our people do not realize the great
fact that if specie payment is endan
gered in this country,"it is likely to be
endangered by our present system of
trade with the Latin American states.
A few millions of gold tbat have gone
out of the country within the last three
months, have created an uneasiness in
certain quarters as to our financial posi
tion. It is very extraordinary that the
loss of those millions from the banks
in Wall street should be accounted so
serious an event, when we have lost a
much larger amount during the same
period from the condition of our trade
with the countries south of us, without
exciting the least observation. When
our merchants and bankers come to
thoroughly appreciate this fact, we shall
receive aid and influence in the reform
of our trade with a quarter which thus
far it has been impossible to enlist."
The large audience listened with pro
foundest attention, and the speech met
with great approval.
Hon. William E. Mason, of Illinois,
followed, endorsing in an enthusiastic
speech, the principles of reciprocal
The meeting closed with an earnest
speech by Henry Cabot Lodge, advocat
ing the federal election bill, and warning
voters that the government must pro
tect all its citizens in their right to vote.
Jail Birds Escape.
Auburn, Cal., August 29. —About 7:30
o'clock last night it became known that
C. C. Crissman and W. M. Daniels bad
escaped from the county jail. They bad
tiled off the heads of the bolts tbat held
on the jail lock, and by using a drill
that must have been passed to them,
pried the dooropeii. Crissman was con
victed of horse-stealing, but had not re
ceived his sentence. Daniels was await
ing trial for tlie murder of Robert Bryan,
at Cisco, last May. There were only
three other inmates for minor offenses,
and they made no attempt to escape.
Officers are looking for the fugitives.
California Show its.
Oeoville, Cal., August 29. —A thun
der storm, accompanied by rain, passed
over town this morning, doing some
damage to grapes and other fruit, but to
no great extent. It coming in day time,
the raisin growers were able to protect
their curing grapes.
Auburn, Cal., August 29—There was
a slight sprinkle of rain here this niorn
Sacramento, August 29. —A light
sprinkle of rain fell here this nioi ulng
The weather is cool but cli ai m
Nominated For Comri
Seattle, August 2l». —T Demi a\
state convention nominated ndaj
Thomas Carroll, of Tacos .;>, for Con
SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 30, 1890.
President Barrillas' Cabinet
Revolutionist Barrnndia's Ca
Gladstone Eulogizes Two Deceased
A Coldness Between the Czar and the
Kaiser—A Series of Disasters
Associated Tress Dispatches.l
Guatemala, August 2!).—President
Barillas' cabinet is disgusted with his
action in signing the peace treaty with
San Salvador. To show their disap
proval of his action they resigned in a
City of Mexico, August 29.—A San
Jose de Guatemala dispatch says:
Everything was prepared this morning
to capture the revolutionist, Gen
eral Martin Harrundia. who was on
board an American steamer passing the
port. The captain, with several
companions, boarded the steamer and
demanded the surrender of
Barrundia from Captain Pitts, w;ho
answered that he wouldfteliver up the
revolutionist, and invited them to Bar
rundia's cabin. The assistant chief of
police, Captain Calderon, and three
officers were among those who went
with the captain to the cabin. When
there, Major Toniello made known to
Barrundia, that the captain of the vessel
had decided to deliver him up. Bar
rundia thereupon opened fire with a
revolver upon the party, who answered
his fire. Barrundia fell riddled with
City of Mexico, August 29 —It ap
pears that before Sir Spencer St. John,
British minister to this republic, was
appointed arbitrator in the matter of
mixed claims before the Guatemalan-
Mexican commission, there was quite a
discussion as to whether he or the United
States minister should be asked to act as
arbitrator; but tbe Guatemalan efforts
prevailed and secured the Englishman.
DOLLING AND NEWMAN.
Gladstone Eulogizes the Two Eminent
London, August 29.—Gladstone, in an
article in tbe Speaker, eulogizes Dol
linger and Newman, as the two most re
markable men of the contemporaneous
Christian church. The construction of
Dollinger's mind was simply tbat of New
man's ; it was complex, requiring more to
be written about. The Cardinal was a
subtle, far-reaching genius, the shadings
of whose thought were like tbe countless
ripples of the sea. He stands in no in
vidious rivalry as a man of prodigious
learning. Referring to Dollinger's ad
dress on tbe Jews in Europe, Gladstone
said it was issued when the anti-Semitic
movement raged in Germany, evidently
for the purpose of making the Germans
Melbourne, August 29.—The em
ployers union has sent a letter to the
mayor of Melbourne, saying that no
partial settlement of the labor disputes
will be satisfactory. The position, the
the letter says, requires a thor
ough and simultaneous settlement.
Special constables fiad been enrolled
to guard the city in view of the threat
ened riots. The city is without gas, and
the suburbs are dimly lighted. The
mail service and other sea traffic con
tinue. The shipping companies are em
ploying non-union men. The wharf
men of New Zealand ports have struck.
The officers of live of the New Zealand
company's steamers refuse to join the
A Compliment to Our Courts.
London, August 29.—Tbe Herald pub
lishes an interview with Lawyer Web
ster on the Bering sea controversy.
Webster gives it as bis opinion that the
best settlement of the dispute, is by
appeal to the American courts, and
finally to the supreme court at Wash
ington. He says that certainly that
plan is better than to submit the matter
Trieste, August 29.—Much excite
ment was caused here last night by the
explosion of a bomb in the doorway of
the police headquarters. Another bomb
with a fuse burning was found in the
railway station, in time to prevent a
dreadful catastrophe. Another bomb
was exploded today at the threshold of
the oflice of Editor Adria. A boy was
Terrible Suffering at Tokay.
VIENNA, August 29 —Terrible stories of
distress are being received from Tokay,
where the tire is even now not extin
guished. Heart-rending scenes are of
common occurrence. An appeal has been
made for aid for 6000 people who are
without food or shelter.
Why William Left.
Vienna, August 29. — Nove Frei Press
says Emperor William and the Czar had
a disagreement, in consequence of which
the German Emperor shortened his visit
and hastily quitted Peterhotf a day
earlier than he had expected to.
Earthquakes on the Danube.
Yennia, August 29. —Several earth
quake shocks were felt in the Danube
valley yesterday. They lasted ten min
utes. The river rose" in long lines,
similar to the waves caused by a steam
Home-Made Bread for Soldiers.
Paris, August 29—DeFreycinet, min
ister of war, has decided that foreign
wheat shall be excluded in contracts for
supplying the army.
A Dying Bishop.
Dublin, August 29. —The Bishop of
Dromore, ia dying.
Buenos Ayreb, August 29. —A com
mittee of the senate approves the pro
posals of the finance minister to issue
$60,000,000 in treasury notes, redeemable
in five years, and a loan of $20,000,000
for the conversion of paj»er currency,
with a further emission of $15,000,000 in
cedulas, by the national bank. In the
bourse today severe losses and several
failures were announced, due to the fall
A Great Dearth of Labor Reported In
Denver, August 29.—Improvements,
especially in railroad construction, in
Colorado, are greatly retarded through
the inability of the companies to secure
labor. Tbe Denver and Rio Grande are
the greatest sufferers. They have at
present under construction the Grand
Junction branch, sixty-five miles long;
the Rio Grand Southern. 185 miles ; the
Villa (irove branch, sixty-five miles;
the great tunnel through Tennessee pass,
besides a very great amount of broad
gauging, all of which is almost at a
standstill on this account. The
officials of the road say they
can give employment to from
5,000 to 8,000 men on the works, at $2
per day, and the work is so located as to
admit of working all winter. Several
ditch companies and smelter corpora
tions, are equal, if not greater sufferers.
A Shocking Murder " Followed hy a
Lexinoton. Mo., August 29.—Sheriff
Mitchell received a telegram from May
view this morning, stating that E. F.
Parker, a merchant of that place, had
been murdered. Tbe sheriff and two
deputies went to the scene of the crime.
At Parker's store, in a pool of blood be
hind the counter, with bis head nearly
severed from his body, lay the body of
tbe dead man. The motive for * the
crime evidently was robbery, for the
cash drawer was rifled. In the after
noon a negro, named "William Walters,
was arrested by the constable for the
murder of Parker. He confessed, and a
mob took him from the officer and
hanged him to a tree.
The Alton and Stock Yards Switchmen
Realize Their Mistake.
Chicago, August 29.—At noon today
the collapsing of every strike in this city
had been secured,|and work in the stock
yards was begun in earnest at 1 o'clock
this afternoon, as the result of a confer
ence. Tbe Alton switchmen have recog
nized their mistake and returned to
work. The men agree to hereafter refrain
from trying to dictate to the company in
the matter of hiring or promoting" its
men, but reserve the right to appeal to
the officers of the company for redress
of grievance. The switchmen at the
stock yards held a meeting this morning
and declared the strike off, to go into ef
fect at 1 o'clock today.
Went to the Bottom.
Sr. John, N. 8,, August 29. —Captain
Blinkborn, of the schooner Bessie
Walker, in from Black Point today, said
Wednesday, in company with the
schooner Wave, tbe Bessie Walker
sailed from Apple river, during a storm
tbat night the vessels collided, the Bes
sie Walker going ashore. The crew
drifted ashore in rafts, and fifteen
minutes later the vessel broke in two
pieces. The Wave struck on a reef and
soon went to the bottom, all hands on
board, including a girl named Smith,
A Santa Fe Connection.
San Jose, August 29.—The first
regular meeting of the directors of the
San Jose and Southern railroad,
was held today. The following
officers were elected: President,
J. 11. Henry, proprietor of tbe San Jose
and Santa Clara electric railway and the
Sacramento electric railway; J. R. Pat
ten, secretary. B. D. Murphy,
treasurer. Tbe company has a
large force of surveyors between
here and Los Angeles. The belief is
growing that the company cannot fail to
connect with tbe Santa Fe.
The Potter, Lovell and Company Fail
Boston, August 29. —It is impossible
to trace to any source worthy of cred
ence, tbe thousand and one reports re
garding the failure of Potter, Lovell &
Company. The firm has assets to a
large amount, but their value is not
ascertainable, and it will require weeks
to make up a showing which will ap
proach accuracy. Tbe suggestion that
firms closely connected with tbe firm,
are affected, is no doubt correct, but
those firms have other resources and
will probably weather tbe storm.
A Building Accident.
Spokane Falls, Wash., August 29.—
The cornice of tlie new building of the
First National bank fell today,
striking a staging upon which
three workmen were standing,
and throwing it to tbe street below. Two
of the men leaped to the staging below,
and saved themselves, but Harry Frey, a
bricklayer, fell eighty feet to the street,
striking upon a pile of brick. He is
still alive but cannot survive.
Charged With Murder.
San Jose, Cal., August 29. —Charles
Johnson, tbe man who was beaten into
unconsciousness by Thomas Yickers,
at Alviso, Sunday, died today,
and Yickers has been charged
with murder. He was employed as a
longshoreman, followed Johnson to his
house Sunday night, and without cause
beat him over the head with a plank,
crushing his skull.
The San Francisco Returns.
San Francisco, August 29—The cruiser
San Francisco arrived here from
Santa Barbara this morning.
The cruiser will remain at the Union
Iron Works about twenty-live days, be
fore she will be turned over to the
government and sent to the Mare
Island navy yard.
No Convention This Year.
Ocai.a, Florida, August 29.—There
will be no convention of Florida Repub
licans this year. The state central com
mittee yesterday put the following ticket
in nomination: Comptroller, L. D.
Ball; supreme court judge, J. R. Cbal
The Harrison Family.
Cresson, Pa., August 29.--'J
idential family, consisting ol M s, Ilai
rison. Rev. Dr. Scott, Mr Rubbi »
Harrison and Mrs. McKee, bal •■ M< X
and Mrs. Dimmick, arrived here this
evening from Cape May.
FUTURITY OF 1890.
Today's Great Event at
The Most Valuable Stake Ever
Eighteen of the Best Youngsters In
the Country Entered.
A Purse of $".0,000 for the Winner—The
World's Two-Year-Old Facing
Associated Press Dispatches.l
New York, August 29. —The most
valuable event run for in this country,
certainly, and probably in the world,
will be decided at Sheepshead Bay track
tomorrow. It will take but a minute
and a quarter for some one of the eigh
teen horses entered to win the futurity
of '90, and about $70,000 for the lucky
owner of the animal. The field will in
clude about all the high-class youngsters
who have been sent out this year. The
conditions of the race make itneeessary
for Strathmeade and Sallie McClellan to
carry top weight, of 124 pounds, weights
that would seem to indidate the impos
sibility of either capturing the prize.
Ambulance and Reckon will run
for Morris; Confederacy, Potomac
and Masher represent Belmont;
Cleopatra will carry the Santa Anita
colors and the blue blooded Reydel Rev
will sport the Enreti colors. The train
er pretty generally "believe tbat the
winner will turn up in one of this lot.
Potomac has a lot of admirers among
them, and so has Rev del Rey, who has
shown the best work of any in the lot,
and who has a great pull in weights.
Manager Breaks the World's Two-Year-
Old Pacing Record.
Independence, lowa, August 29. —At
the races here today, which were wit
nessed by five thousand people, Manager
lowered " his record and the world's
two-year-old pacing record, 2:19)6, to
2:16>2. Jack Harris trotted against
his record, 2:15, lowering it to 2:12. 1 4.
Charter Oak Trotting.
Hartford, August 29.—Trotting, 2 :23
class (postponed from Thursday)-The
Seer won; Emma second; Richmond
Jr. third; others ruled out. Best time
Class 2:20 pacers, $4000, divided-
Dallas won; Bob Taylor second; others
distanced. Best time 2 -.14.
Class 2:18 trotters, $2000, divided-
For the Boys
( Our New Fall Stock
hoys' an d. children's
r Clothing is now arriv
/ \ I > iK aUv > we are
/ / > V making prices to move
This week we willl \J 3 J/SJstock on hand,
make special prices on B" <<j[>o
boys' and [children's LJ __ I
Suits. We promise this fall
I I to show the most com
j A I plete and elegant stock
a|. I 117 for the boys ever
OCJ j[ \ l brought to Los An
"mJ = geles.
CORNER SPRING A'flD TEMPLE STS.
M> W W * * * * <*■ "fl
-*$8 A YEARK-
Buys tbe Daily Hkbald and
% $2 the Weekly Hkbald.
IT IS NEWSY AND CLEAN.
Mocking Bird won; Membrino Maid
second; J. B. Richardson third. Best
Class 2:25 trotters, $1500, divided-
Mamie Woods won ; Albion second;
John W. third; Maj. Ulrich fourth.
Petaluma, Cal., August 29. — First
race, \% miles for purse of' $500 —Wild
Oats first; Captain Al second. Time,
Second race, %-mile dash.—Alfarata
first; Juanita second. Time, 1 :17i£.
Third race, two-3'ear-olds, \ mile.—
Duke Milpitas first; Merosecond. Time
Fourth race, trotting. — Whalebone
won. Best time 2:34 }4.
Events at CHico.
Chico, August 29. —First race, 3
minute class—Vidette first. Best time
Second race—Annie won. Best time
Third race, mile dash and repeat—
Douglass, first; Leatherwood, second.
Best time I:44>^.
THE NATIONAL GAME.
The Results of Yesterday's Work on the
Chicago, August 29.—The ball games
today resulted as follows :
At Boston—Boston, 2; Cincinnati, 1.
At Brooklyn—Brooklyn, 10; Cleve
At New York—New York, 1; Pitts
At Philadelphia—Philadelphia. 4;
At Boston—Boston, 18; Pittsburg, 0.
At Brooklyn—Brooklyn, 1; Cleveland,
At New York—New York, 11; Chi
At Philadelphia—Philadelphia, 8:
At Syracuse.—Syracuse, 9; Louisville,
At Rochester. —Toledo game postpon
ed ; rain.
At Baltimore.—Baltimore, 2; St.
San Francisco, August 29.—Oakland
defeated Stockton in a well contested
game; score, 6 to 1. Batteries—Oak
land, Corsey and Lohman; Stockton,
Kilroy and Armstrong.
Sacramento, August 29.—San Fran
cisco won easily from Sacramento today.
Score, 12 to 3. Batteries —San Francisco,
Lookabaugb and Speer; Sacramento,
Hoffman and McHale.
A Prohibition Ticket.
Sacrameto, August 29. —The Prohibi
tionists of this county held a conventioi
tonight and nominated a partial ticket
1 The vacancies will be filled by the coun
I ty committee.