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AT THE CAPITAL.
Stanford Elucidates His Fi
Senator Stewart Opposes the
The Inconsistency of Hoar aaad Other
President Harrison Subjected to Severe
Personal Criticism for His
Associated Press Dispatches.
Washington, Dec. 19. —In the senate,
today, after routine business, Stanford
addressed the senate on his bill to in
crease the circulating medium. He said
money was the most important factor in
(the business relations of this country.
There was a limit to the quantity of gold
and silver metals, and that limit could
not be exceeded by any effort on
the part of the government. It was,
therefore, a great mistake for the gov
ernment to confine itself in the issue
of money to materials outside of its con
trol and limited in quantity. On a suf
ficiency of money depended very largely
the industries of the country. An illus
tration of its importance was to be found
in the present depressed financial condi
tion. Never was the country more pros
perous, yet, owing to the want of money,
upon a slight disturbance of credit,
there was distress over the land.
So general was the uneasiness
and apprehension that money which
ought to be in circulation is being
hoarded. The bill he was now consider
ing, proposed that the government
should issue a supply of money equal,
substantially, to the general demand.
Money (legal tender notes) would be is
sued under the provisions of the bill,
npon unimpeachanle and practically in
exhaustible security, and its supply
was to be ascertained and determined
by the rate which borrowers could af
ford to pay. Two per cent, was the
amount to be paid to the government
for the loan of its money, and so long as
money was worth more than 2 per cent.,
the security being practically inexhaust
ible, money would always be borrowed
from the government, and thus the gov
ernment would discharge its duty and
supply the general want. The principle
of the government loaning money was
fully established by the advances it now
had made upon its own bonds, which,
while entirely good between bankers
and the government, did not strengthen
the security of the bill-holder, which
Tested at last upon the authority of the
Continuing his remarks, Stanford
said: "the scheme of the bill is to
supply an ample amount of money for
business purposes. I have mentioned
lands as security, because they appear
the best and most certain of all security,
and are sufficient to furnish all the
money needed. The people, I think,
will have more confidence in a financial
measure that is new and radical, if it
has at present land only for its basis.
The rate for interest On these lands is
' -fixed at 2 per cent, in the bill, but in
time may be reduced as experienceshall
teach. The rate of interest charged by
the government, under the provisions of
the bill, will not necessarily fix the gen
eral rate of interest for business pur
poses. That will always be determined
by its value in use. The farmer having
this best security will borrow for
hia own use or the use of others who
may be willing to pay him satisfactory
interest. The banker borrows money
from the government free of interest,
and loans it at such a rate as its use
commands in the market. This meas
ure has been compared to the plan
adopted in the Argentine Republic for
loans on land, but there is no analogy
between the two, and to com
pare the working of a meas
ure of that republic of, say
five millions population, to that of our
country, with its enlightened sixty-two
millions, would be like comparing the
methods of some irresponsible banker
to those of the Rothschilds. The bill
forces the standard for the amount so
long as money can be profitably used, at
more than 2 per cent, per annum. The
ability of the government to make
money being unlimited, the real wants
and necessities of the people can be as
certained and met. The foundation of
the whole matter, and the real question
to be considered, is that inasmuch as
the government reserves the right to
issue money, it is its duty—the means
being provided—to furnish what is neces
sary to the prosperity of the people."
At the conclusion of Stanford's speech
the bill was referred to the committee
The senate then took up the printing
of the deficiency bill, on which some
discussion took place, reflecting on the
house for inadequacy in the regnlar ap
propriation bill, thus necessitating fre
quent deficiency bills. The bill passed.
A bill by Ingalls, to allow the ex
change of interest-bearing bonds for le
gal tender notes, was referred to the
A resolution by Manderson was re
ferred to the committee on Indian af
fairs, instructing that the committee
inquire into the condition of the Indian
tribes of North and South Dakota, Mon
tana and elsewhere, whether steps were
necessary to disarm thera, etc.
The senate bill for a public building
at Fresno, California, ($75,000;, was
placed on the calendar.
THK ELECTIONS BILL.
The elections bill was taken up and
Rate and Gibson argued against it.
Stewart made an argument against the
bill on the ground that an attempt to
execute it in the south, would be disas
trous to both races. He was a friend of
the colored man.and deeply sympathized
with him, but could not aid him to
put his life in jeopardy in order to tight
a political battle for his (Stewart's) ad
vantage. He was equally a friend to
the white man, and desired to refrain
from any act which might tend to justi
fy the white man in making war upon
a defenseless race which congress en
franchised. Whatever was done in the
matter of the protection of the suffrage
in the south, unless done through the
voluntary action of the people of that
section, would have to result in one of
two things: If the negro was protected
Vjr torce, the same force would
inevitably be driven to the
necessity of ' destroying his en
emy ; that involved the enslavement
mad final extermination of the whites.
The employment oi force would result
THE LOS ANGELES HERALD: SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20, 1890.
ultimately in the extermination either
of the blacks or whites. Ii military
power was to be used in the execution
of the pending bill, then the bill should
be defeated, if it was to be a dead let
ter, why pass it? Public opinion at the
south was entirely against it. Instead
of protecting the colored man, it would
bring upon him persecution and misery,
if not death. No assumption of party
necessity could justify such an act. It
was the plain duty of the senate to trust
to natural causes in the hope that they
would remedy the evil. The bill ought
not to pass, because it never would be
enforced; because it would consolidate
the southern whites; because it would
increase sectional animosity, and kindle
anew the discords of the past.
AN interesting bit ok history.
Stewart recalled speeches in opposi
tion to the force bill of 1875, made by
Senators Hoar and Hawley, then repre
sentatives. Among those voting against
the bill, Stewart recalled Foster, Gar
field, William Walter I'helps, Kasson
and Kellogg. He suggested that the
supervisors and other officers would be
come marked men, and from the report
of investigating committees and all
knowledge obtained during the past
twenty years, it was plain what their
fate would be. Unless congress was
disposed to proceed to the remedy under
the constitution, that of denying repre
sentation on account of exclusion from,
or obstacles to the exercise of the fran
chise, the only remedy that existed
was in the enforcement of laws
already in the statute books and in
the assurance that no pressure from out
side would be exercised. In his judg
ment the solid south was maintained by
the use oi the cry that was intended on
the part of those who controlled the
general government to interfere with
their local atfairs.The moment such a cry
was effectually proven to be without
foundation, the south could not any
longer be kept solid. The sectional party
there had already began to disintegrate.
That disintegration must necessarily
bring about protection to the negro vote.
Organizations now irresistible in some
states in suppressing that vote, would
be among the "earliest to bid lor it. when
they found it necessary for their exis
HOAR TRIES TO SQUARE HIMSELF.
Hoar had the provisions of the force
bill of 1875 read, for the purpose of jus
tifying the opposition to it by himself
and other Republicans, and to show that
there was no inconsistency in their sup
port of the pending measure.
Gray introduced a number of amend
ments to the pending elections bill,
which struck out the provision for a
' permanent annuai appropriation lor the
I compensation of supervisors, and to take
; from these officials the power to inter
| fere with election returns.
NEW BILLS, ETC.
A resolution was introduced by Gray
on the subject of reciprocity with Mex
ico and Canada, providing that, for the
expansion of the markets and promotion
oi friendly intercourse witti the govern
ments ou the northern and southern
boundaries, it be recommended that the
president of the United States institute
negotiations with the countries of Great
Britain and Mexico, whereby the reduc
tion and total repeal of the import
duties may be effected by combined
Dawes introduced a bill to prohibit
the opening on Sunday of any exhibi
tion where appropriations of the United
States are expended.
1 IN THE HOISK.
President Harrison Comes In for Some
Washington, Dec. 19. —The house, to
day, after passing the District of Colum
bia bill, took up the conference report on
the bill amending the act lor the division
of a portion of the Sioux reservation
iin Dakota into smaller leservations.
i The only change made is an authoriza
tion for the expenditure of an appropria
: tion of $100,000, made for the purchase
jof beef and other rations. In speaking
to the measure, Allen of Mississippi took
1 occasion to criticize congress for doing
: nothing to relieve the financial strin
gency of the country, and expressed his
belief that the president had done wrong
and shown his littleness in attempting
to bulldoze the senate. He quoted the
remark of a lady fond of decorating her
parlor with sculpture, to the effect that
j she was going to secure a life-sized statu
! ette of President Harrison. The report
i was agreed to and the house adjourned.
a Sunday ( losing hill.
Morse, of Massachusetts, introduced
for reference a bill providing that no
exhibition or exposition, for which an
appropriation has been made by con
gress, shall be opened on Sunday. Vio
lation of the act is to be punishable by a
fine of not less than $100, or more than
TO freeze OUT ALIENS.
Oates, of Alabama, with authority
from the house committee on judiciary,
today, reported a substitute for the bill
to amend the alien land act. The substi
tute differs from the bill now on the cal
endar, in that it is made to apply not
only to persons who are aliens, but to
any firm, company or corporation com
posed in whole or in part of aliens, ex- I
cept railroad corporations, and that five I
years be given aliens within which to ]
dispose of lands they buy in at foreclos- j
ure sales to protect mortgage or other
interests they may have in property.
A HINT FOR THE CZAR.
Cummings, of New York, offered for
reference a resolution, setting forth that
the members of the house of represen
tatives of the I'nited States have heard
with profound sorrow, and a feeling
akin to horror, reports of the persecu
tion of Jews in Russia, reflecting the
barbarism of past ages, disgracing hu
manity and impeding the progress of
civilization, and that sorrow is intensi
fied by the fact that such occurrences
should happen in a country which has
been a firm friend of the United States,
and that clothed itself with glory not
long since by the emancipation of the
serfs, and by its defense of Christians
the oppression of Turkey. The resolu
tion directs the secretary of state to for
ward it to the American minister at St.
Petersburg for presentation to the czar.
The Naval Bill Completed.
Washington', Dec. 19.—The naval ap
propriation bill has been completed, it
provides for one new triple-screw pro
tected cruiser, similar to cruiser No. 12.
The cost is limited to $2,750,000. The
bill carries a total appropriation of about
$30,500,000, being about $3,000,000 less
than the estimates, and considerably
more than, last year's bill. It carries
the following appropriations : For Mare
island, $57,785;" for a residence for the
medical director in charge of the Mare
island naval hospital, $15,000.
Uo to Mullen, Bluett & Co. for choice mufflers.
Try "Pride of the Family" soap.
THE FATAL CORD.
Murderers Pay the Extreme
Four Indians Handed at Mis
Their Crimes all Cold-Blooded and
A French Canadian Executed for a Most
Diabolical Crime—A Negro
Associated Press Dispatches.
Missoula, Mont., Dec. 19.—The great
est hanging which eyer took place in
the Northwest, occurred this morning,
when Lola See, Pierre Paul, Antley and
Pascale, four Indian murderers, were
hanged at the court house here. All
died game, Pierre Paul and Antley
smilingly bidding theii friends good bye.
Twenty minutes after the trap was
j sprung, all were dead. Their necks
The four Indians protested their inno
cence before dying. Their bodies will
be taken to St. Ignatius mission for
burial. Several prominent chiefs were
in attendance at the execution, but
there was no protesting demonstration
on their part, or from members of the
tribe as had been anticipated. About
one hundred persons were present.
THEIR COWABDLY CHIMES.
The crimes for which the four Indians
were lianged we:e most cowardly and
brutal. Pascale killed a prospector
named .1. M. Dunn, in the spring of
1889, near Deinersville. Dunn traded
horses with him, and when he refused
lto trade back the Indian shot him, tak-
I ing his horse and what money he had.
j Pascale hid the body in the brush,where
j the bones were discovered some months
later by another Indian, to whom Pas
[ cale admitted the crime. The bones
■ were identified by remnants of clothing,
and Pascale was arrested.
Antley's crime was his participation
in the murder of three white prospect
ors, McDonald, Seely and Thompson, in
; the fall of 1887, at Wolf creek,near Tobacco
| plains. The prospectors were surprised at
their camp fire, by a party of six Koot
enai Indians, and murdered in cold
blood. Two of the Indians were cap
tured soon after, and lynched by the
people of Deinersville. The Antloys
remained at large till last summer.
Lola See and Pierre Paul killed two
white men, names not known, in Au
gust, 1887, and threw the bodies into
the Jack river,where they were found by
a half-breed woman, who was cautioned
by the murderers to say nothing about
the bodies. They notified the author
ities and the murderers were arrested
j last summer. The murders were un
The four prisoners were tried and con
victed before Judge Marshall, at Mis
soula, last fall.
A CANADIAN EXECUTION.
The Sheriff Dies from Excitement An
Abominable Crime Expiated.
Sherhrooke, Quebec, Dec. 19. —
Sheriff Webb died suddenly of heart
disease, at 8 :45 this morning. Excite
ment attending the execution of Remi
La Montague was probably the cause.
The death of the sheriff delayed the ex
ecution but a few moments. La Mon
[ tagne was hanged at 9 :2(5. The crime
for which La Montagne suffered the ex
treme penalty was an abominable one.
In July, 1888, he went to the house of
his brother-in-law, Napoleon Michel,
I enticed him to the door, and shot him
twice, cut his throat, slashed
his body, dragged him back in
ito the house and set it on lire,
The wounded man dragged himself from
the flames, badly scorched, but died
j after a few weeks. The murderer's sis
-1 ter, Leda, an unusually handsome
[ French-Canadian girl, of 20, the wife of
j the victim, was arrested for complicity
lin the crime, but her brother escaped.
llt came out at the trial that Leda and
j her brother had been living in incest.
■ She was acquitted, the fact that she was
J enciente," evidently having influenced
' the jury. A lare reward was offered for
; the murderer. He was finally captured.
I Leda absconded, was recaptured in Bos
| ton, and extradited on the charge of
i arson. At her brother's trial, she re
| fused to testify, and was sent to jail for
i a year. Her brother was convicted and
| hanged as above related.
A Negro Murderer Hanged.
Mr. Pleasant, S. C., Dec. 19. —Adam
Mongin(colored) was hanged here today,
for the murder of Simon Jackson (col
A DEATH STRUGGLE.
A Suicide Succeeds In Shooting Two
Bi rlington Junction, Mo., Dec. 19.—
IC. E. Dyche, proprietor of the Com
j mercial liotel, shot himself in the chest
I last night, indicting a fatal wound. He
| was preparing to fire a second shot,
I when his mother-in-law, Mrs. Combs,
j and F. M. Baker tried to disarm him.
|In the struggle which followed, both of
them were shot, Baker perhaps fatally.
The Senate Finance Bill.
Washington, Dec. 19.—The finance
committee of the senate have agreed to
report the financial bill introduced yes
terday by Sherman, chairman of the
finance committee. Senator Morrill op
posed some of the propositions contained
in the bill, and reserved the right to
vote for the restoration of the 2 per
cent, bond clause, when the bill is con
sidered in the senate. Senator Hiscock
reserved the right to vote against the
proposition relative to supplying the de
ficiency in the national bank circulation,
which proposes authority to issue orig
inal treasury bills therefor, if silver
bullion cannot be purchased. As to the
Democratic members of the committee,
they oppose the whole bill, inasmuch as
they had no proper ■ opportunity to ex
amine it, but consented to report the
measure. The absentees at the meet
ing were Senators Aldrich and Jones of
The San Francisco Public Building.
Washington, Dec. 19. —Secretary Win
dom, Attorney-General Miller and Post
master-General Wanamaker, forming
the commission to select a site for a
public building at San Francisco, held a
meeting at the treasury department this
morning, and heard arguments on the
question. Representative Morrow gave
information regarding the different sites
suggested. It was decided to hear from
Senator Stanford before coming to a de
cision, and another meeting will be held
BURGLARIZED A BARN.
How It Is Charged That Urquidez
Got His Hay.
Nicodemnß Urquidez ; s the name of a
man who will shortly begiven an oppor
tunity to explain to the court how he
secured hay at no outlay. Mr. Beal,
who has a ranch at Ballona, yesterday
swore out a complaint against Urquidez
charging him with burglary. Mr. Beal
states that the hay in his barn has been
disappearing very quickly of late, conse
quently the other night, Mr. Beal kept
watch, and the result was that he cap
tured Urquidez in the act of stealing his
Miles's Nerve and Liver Pills
Acton a new principle—regulating the liver
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discovery. Dr. Miles's Pills speedily cure bil
iousness, bad taste, torpid liver, piles, constipa
tion. Uuequaled for men, women, children.
Smallest, mildest, surest ! Fifty doses, 25 cts
Bamples free, at K. W. Ellis & Co.'s.
Go to Mullen, Bluett ,t Co. for silk nnibrellaß
Both the method and results •when
Syrup of Figs is taken; it is pleasant
and refreshing to the taste and acts
T ently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the system
effectually, dispels colds, headaches
and fevers and cures habitual consti
pation. Syrup of Figs is the only
remedy of its kind ever produced,
pleasing to the taste and acceptable to
the stomach, prompt in its actiou and
truly beneficial in its effects, its many
excellent qualities commend it to all.
It is for sale iv 50c and $1 bottles by
MANUFACTURED ONLY BY THE
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
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I Chronic Googh flow 11
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) General T>eliilit,/ ami UtuUurl Diseases, )
| there is notblng lilto ' j
( Of Pare Cod liver Oil and j
Of Xiirao and Soda. |
It is almost as palatable as milk. Far!
bettor than other so-called Emulsions. )
A wonderful uesu producer. i
I Scoffs Emulsion j
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"The Beautiful are never desolate,
For someone ahrans lores them."
jMßto* A SMOOTH SKIN
s vJ?T 3^ M make the plainst face
f] I *~'trs-fjY a comparative— not
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jjy p ro p er care ,
have a nice smooth skin and a clear com
plexion, which are in themselves the
first elements of beauty. Nothing con
duces to this end so thoroughly and com
pletely as the daily use of Sri. Graham't
Cucumber and alder Flower, Cream. Asa
protection from the effects of sun and
wind, and for cleansing the face from
cosmetics or other impurities, it is
superior to anything discovered.
Price, $1.00. All druggists sell it.
F. W. Braun & Co., Los Angeles,
CONSULT YOUR INTEREST
If you wish to sell or buy Second-Hand
FURNITURE, CARFETS OR TRUNKS.
Be sure and give us s call. We have in stock
a large variety of goods too numerous to men
tion, all of which we offer cheap for cash, or
will sell on installments.
W. P. MARTIN & BRO.,
10 10-3 m 451 B. Spring St., Lock box 1921.
TIME IS MONEY!
IF YOIT INTEND BUYING A. LOT IN
Time is \loney to You !
YOU Cannot Afford to Wait!
THE PRICE TODAY IS
$90 Per Acre!
ONLY 250 ACRES
Will be Sold at 590.00 per Acre.
$10 or even $5 per acre is worth saving.
MONEY SAVED IS MONEY EARNED.
THE PEOPLE TODAY KNOW
THE -:-VALUE -:- OF -:- LAND
< ALESSANDRO! >
And require no urging to buy. They know that every acre of land sold in that
beautiful valley for less than $100 or $200 per acre
Is Less Than Half its Value.
The 250 acres advertised today may be all sold before this reaches your eye,
although we positively refuse to sell more than 40 acres to any one party.
The Town Lots at Moreno
Will soon be put on the market, due notice of which will be given. For further
particulars, call on or address the
Bear Valley and Alessandro Development Co,
A. P. KITCHING, Gen. Manager.
Send your address to our office and have the December number of the Orange
Belt mailed to you.
Jmm TELEPHONE 546.
rapi i PACKARD,
;' ; "Send[ me Another £cc quart can of
I' $vL\ those Fresh Eastern Oysters; the can I
jJ»AV I| got last ni ght was the finest we have had
Trafc—since we left the East. There were 36
I BMI __fjB nne » ar ce oysters in the can."
m and 443 S. Spring! St, bet. 4th and sth.
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF,
Eastern Parlor and Chamber Furniture, Carpets,
Oil Cloths, Linoleums, Window Shades, Etc.
New Nos. 837, 339 and 341 S. Spring St., Los Angeles, Cal.
NEW STORE. f£- GEORGE J. BINDER. -£NEW GOODS.
Furniture, Rattan and Reed Goods.
CHILDREN'S CARRIAGES A SPECIALTY.
No. 223 Broadway, - - Opp. New City Hall.
fsf SOUTH FIELD WELLINGTON Jg/B
WHOLESALE l _/ BKTAIL
The Best Domestic Coal in the Market.
Oak, Pine and Juniper wood sawed and split to Order.
Importer of S. F. Wellington and Foreign Steam Coal,
YARD. HHS N. Main Pt. Telephone 1047. m2»-tf OFFTCK. 130 W. Second Pt. Telephonf
AMERICAN FISHING CO.,
Cor. Third and Spring streets.
Fresh Fish, Oysters, Game and Poultry.
Fresh Lobsters, Crabs, Shrimps and Clams re
ceived daily. Shipping fish to all points in
Southern California, Ari/.ona, Texas, Old and
New Mexico a specialty.
Telephone 630. V. O. Box 1323.
12 11 3m ROBERT KROHN, Prop.
General Merchandise Warehouse.
ADVANCES MADK ON WOOL. ml2-tl