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IN THE SENATE.
The Idaho Senators' Creden
A Question Raised as to Their
Senator-elect slump Sworn in a Lit
tle Too Previously.
Hoar and Hisoock Speak on the Elections
Bill—Stewart Will Call Up the
Associated Press Dispatches.
Washington, Dec. 20. —The senate
met at noon and the vice-president laid
before it a communication from the
governor of Idaho, transmitting the cre
dentials of senators-elect front thatstate,
George L. Shoup and William J. Mc-
Connell. The credentials having been
read, Hoar stated that Shoup was pres
ent, and he moved that the oath of office
be administered to him.
Vance remarked that the new state of
Idaho appeared to have elected more
than its share of senators, and he
thought their credentials should be re
ferred to the committee on privileges
Hoar's motion having been agreed to,
that senator escorted Shoup to the
clerk's desk where he took the oath of
Harris subsequently inquired what
became oi Vance's motion, and said
Shoup was simply sworn on his prima
Vance remarked that it was stated in
the newspapers that three senators were
elected in Idaho, and that the legisla
ture had gone to the extent of assigning
to each of them the time for which he
should serve. That was contrary, he
said, to the rule of the senate and to the
constitutional provision. He thought it
proper, therefore, that the question be
determined by the proper committee of
Mitchell said that he had reliable in
formation that it was a false report, so
far as the election of three senators was
concerned. He held that it was regular
and in order.
Hoar argued that the question was a
very simple one. It was clear and un
questionable that one of the two sen
ators whose credentials had just been
presented would go out on the 4th of
March. 1891, and the legislature (being
in session) had elected a senator for the
term which would then begin. Beyond
all question, there would be a vacancy
at that time, because one of those two
gentlemen would have to go out on the
4th of March, 1891.
Carlisle said the legislature of Idaho
had no right to assume (in advance of
action by the senate) that there would
be a vacancy in the senate from that
state on the 4th of March, 1891. No
election of a senator to fill such vacancy
could take place until it was legally
known that a vacancy would occur.
After it was determined by the senate in
the constitutional way that there would
be a vacancy after that time, the next
legislature oi Idaho (if in session) might
proceed at once to choose a senator, and
if the legislature were not in session, the
appointment of a senator should be
made by the governor of the state. He
imagined that there had never been a
case in the history of the country where
a state legislature had chosen three sen
ators at once.
Hawley—ls it not imperative, under
the constitution, that there shall be a
vacancy after the 4th of March next?
Carlisle—l think so.
Hawley—Then how could the legisla
ture of Idaho be any more certain of that
fact three months hence than it is to
Carlisle said: "Each one of these
gentlemen holds precisely the same
form of credentials. Now, I want the
fleuator to state what the senate would
do In case all three of them presented
their credentials at the same time.
How would the senate determine what
two are legally arranged, and which
one of them was not?"
The discussion was continued by
Stewart, Sanders, Cockrell, Spooner,
Reagan and Mitchell.
Spooner asked Reagan whether the
state of Idaho was entitled to two sen
Spooner—The legislature of Idaho
adopted a resolution to proceed to an
election to fill two existing vacancies,
and it elected Shoup and McConnell,
without specifying the length of term of
either, leaving it to he determined by
the senate. How does that fact affect
the question of the legislature having
elected a third man whose term of
office is to commence in the future?
Vance's motion to refer the creden
tials of Shoup and McConnell to the
committee on privileges and elections
was then agreed to.
Carlisle introduced a joint resolution
for the appointment of commissioners
to confer with commissioners of the
Dominion of Canada to consider tiie
trade relations between the two coun
tries, and it was referred to the commit
tee on relations with Canada.
Aldrich offered his resolution for the
amendment of the rules, which he had
heretofore given notice of, and asked
that it be printed and laid over.
Cockrell asked whether it was now in
order to move to refer the resolution to
the committee on rules.
Aldrich replied that the motion would
be in order when the resolution
Stewart gave notice that tomorrow
morning he would move to take up the
Gorman moved to take up the bill for
the adjustment of accounts of laborers,
etc., under the eight-hour law, but Hoar
claimed the floor on the elections bill,
and Gorman withdrew his motion.
Hoar yielded the floor to Hiscock, who
addressed tne senate at length in sup
port of the bill.
At the conclusion of Hiscock's speech,
Hoar addressed the senate. In the
course of his remarks Hoar said the
struggle for the pending bill wasastrug
gle for a steo toward establishing a
doctrine to which the American people
were pledged by their history, their
constitution, their opinions and inter
ests. They could not know in their cit
izenship slaves, vassals or inferior races.
It was idle to deDate theories
or philosophies in the presence
of an express provision of the
constitution. He repelled with all
the indignation which the calumny de
served, the aspersion that the bill was a
partisan measure, or that any man who
supported it was actuated by partisan
motives. The bill waa one to exclude
partisanship from the determination of
THE LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 30, 1890
title to place in the house of representa"
tives as absolutely as the lot of human
ity would admit. The committee that
reported it had merely undertaken to
act on the advice of S. S. Cox and other
leading Democrats, and extend the bene
ficient system of electoral supervision
enforced in New York, to otfier parts of
the country. The senators would put
forth the whole military powers of the
government to defend settlers
against Indians, though the
latter had been provoked by
a hundred years ot wrong. Would they
not also protect them against unpro
voked outrages at the polls? Did they
stand here seriously to affirm that the
fathers of the republic had created a
national government, and given it no
authority to secure the purity of the
elections of its great representative as
sembly ? The Republican senators
charged that through the election prac
tices in operation in some of the states,
the seats of at least thirty representa
tives had been illegally usurped; that
the constitution of the United
States had been violated and over
thrown ; that for fourteen years a
minority had controlled the house of
representatives, and for four years the
presidency of the United States itself
had been held by a usurper. What had
the senators on the other side answered ?
Some of them seemed to think theirbest
answer was in railing and reviling at the
senators who had charge of the bill.
Their abuse had done him (Hoar) an
honor to which he would not have laid
claim. It brought him into com
pany into which he would other
wise have' been too modest
to seek admission. It was Democrats
who reviled Adams and Sumner and
Seward and Lincoln and Grant. The
senators from Virginia and West Vir
ginia (Daniels and Kenna), had but re
peated what their predecessors had said
of men, the latchet of whose shoes, he
(Hoar) was not worthy to loose.
Without concluding his speech Hoar
yielded for executive session and the
senate soon adjourned.
Stewart's notice, given in the senate,
that he would tomorrow call bp the
financial bill, gave rise to some specula
tion as to the effect of his action upon
the programme arranged. It appears,
however, that Stewart is desirous of
making a speech upon the financial
subject, and that there is no serious in
tention of taking the financial bill up
foT action tomorrow, or in fact any day
The senate has confirmed the nomi
nation of Henry B. Brown, as associate
justice of the supreme court.
Senator Frye from the committee on
commerce has reported favorably the
various bills embodying the recommen
dations of the recent international
marine conference, relative to the mer
chant marine service.
A CACSE CELEIU'.E.
The Alleged Murder of a Republican
Postmaster in Mississippi.
Washington, Dec. 20.—The Star says :
The killing of John Prentiss Matthews,
postmaster at Car roll ton, Miss., by
young Mcßiide, will probably turn out
to be a cause celebre. A Star reporter
yesterday saw J. M. Matthews, of Mis
sissippi, who was the Republican candi
date for congress against General Hooker
at the last election, and who is also a
brother of the dead man. Matthews
had just received the following telegram
from Carrollton :
"John was murdered by a mob. lie
had been notified by a dozen men that
a mob was going to kill him that day.
He saw the men with their guns, and
got a rifle. When he did this, the sheriff'
arrested him and placed him under bonds.
Jthn pointed three men out to the
sheriff, and asked him to arrest them
and protect his life. The sheriff' re
fused. It was a plot and all were in it.
When he went to the hotel for dinner,
Mcßride, who was still in his drug store,
shot him down with a shotgun, killing
him instantly. Not satisfied with this,
Mcßride fired five shots at him from a
revolver, after he was dead. The mob
then began dancing and shouting around
the body, with most vile abuse anil
curses. John had received several
anonymous letters telling him he must
leave town. The murderer goes free and
all because they must have the post
"My brother," said Matthews, "was
only twenty-one years old. He was the
first Republican postmaster to take the
Carrollton office for many years, and it
was freely said that no Republican
should hold the office."
A KICK ON WANA.VTAKER.
The Civil Service Commission Take
His Statements to Task.
Washington, Dec. 29. —The civil ser
vice commission has addressed a lengthy
letter to the president regarding the an
nual report of Postmaster-General Wan
amaker, in which the latter said the
civil service examination, particularly as
regards postoffiee employees, ought to
be improved. The commissioners say
they have many times asked high offi
cials of the postoffiee department for
suggestions, but this annual report is
the first intimation they received that
the department had anything to sug
gest. The statement that from one
fourth to one-third the men furnished by
the commission,through the railway mail
service examination, have not proved
satisfactory, is denied by the commis
sion, in the letter, which shows that
more than nine-tenths of these men and
eti 11 kept in the service, and the com
missioners express surprise that their
work is not satisfactory. The commis
sioners say the figures of Wanamaker's
report cantradict his assertions. The
figures also show that of the postoffiee
inspectors furnished from the commis
sion's list, more than ninety per cent
have been retained, There is no class
of employees the commissioners say
which it is more desirable to keep from
political patronage than postoffiee in
Senator Hearst Still In a Precarious
Washington, Dee. 29.—Senator Hearst
passed a restless night, and there was
no improvement in his condition today.
The president has approved the act
for the relief of Assistant United States
Treasurer Brooks, at San Francisco.
Secretary Noble holds that an appli
cant who," prior to the act oi August
30th, last, had perfected title to 320
acres, or more, under the general land
laws, may under that act acquire title
to 320 acres more. That is to say, the
act is not retroactive, and hence the
limitation applies to the amount which
may be acquired after the passage of
Don't commit suicide! if you have dyspepsia,
with headache, heartburn, distress In the
stomach, no appetite, and are all worn out—
but take Hood's Sarsaparilla and be cured. It
creates an appetite, and pently regulates diges
tion. Sold by druggists.
California Vinegar and Pickle Works,
Telephone No. 359,
Removed to 555 Banning street, opposite soap
factory, near Alameda and First streets, one
half block from electric light works.
SOLD FOR OLD JUNK.
TEARING UP THE OLD SECOND
The Belt Company Have Begun Construc
tion—A Batch of Railroad News
The work of constructing the "Belt"
electric road was begun last week out at
Hoover street in the south part of the
city, when a section of the track was
laid. The company has a large amount
of material on hand, and more coming.
It has purchased already 10,C00 tons of
rails and the necessary ties.
Work of tearing up the old Second
street cable road was commenced yes
terday by Contractor P. M. French, who
purchased the plant from the
old company, and who expects
to make some money in dispos
ing of the rails and material. The
cable itself was found to be in almost
perfect condition, as it was only used
about three weeks before the traffic
stopped, and was hardly worn at all. Mr.
French made quite a lucky hit on this,
for it cost something like $8500.
As soon as Mr. French gets through
his work the Belt road company will
till up the trench, and pave the street
and lay a double track for its electric
line. The franchise and appurtenances
of the cable company are now being
transferred to the electric company.
A Good View of Gould's Personality
People in Southern California are
likely to soon have practical evidence of
Mr. Jay Gould's power, in the
development of his transcontinental
railway trust and its effect on local in
dustries and progress. A good view of
the man's power is given in a recent
number of the Chicago Herald, as fol
The methods by which Jay Gould and
others have recently come into posses
sion of all the transcontinental lines
would have been possible nowhere else
on earth. They bear most striking tes
timony to the power of concentrated
wealth and to the dangers that threaten
the country when that power is mis
It is clear enough that the recent
stringency in money in New York was
due in a measure to the manipulation
of Jay Gould and his associates. Other
causes contributed to the tightness of
the market, but these were forseen and
taken advantage of by him. As a result
of the pressure he was able to purchase
at low rates millions of dollars worth of
stock, the possession of which will give
him control of many properties hitherto
beyond his reach. With about one- !
quarter of the railroad mileage in the j
United States now in bis grasp, the peo- i
pie may soon be confronted with the
possibility of the entire system falling
into his hands. There are a few inter
ests that might give him battle, but the
tendency appears to be toward coalition
rather than hostility.
Without considering the manifest in
justice of the means employed by Mr.
Gould to accomplish these results, beg
garing thousands and u.isettling public
confidence by disturbing the finances of
the nation, it is enough at present for
the people to contemplate the fact that
one man, and he a man whose whole
career has shown him to be devoid of
honor or honesty, is now in control of
railroads aggregating nearly 40,000 miles
in length and extending from ocean to
ocean, and from lake to gulf—a system
twice as extensive as that of all Great
Britain and Ireland, twice as large as
that of all Russia, nearly twice as large
as that of all Germany, and twice as
iarge as that of all France. A citizen so
powerful as all this amounts to is at
least an interesting study in a republic,
and one on whom other citizens, jeal
ous of the power that they themselves
bestow, would do well to keep a closer
watch than they do.—[Chicago Herald.
RIGHT OF WAY ROW.
It Temporarily Suspends Construction
of the East Side Levee.
The Terminal railway company has
been steadily at work building the levee
on the east side of the river,until within
the past few days, construction had to
cease near First street, because of a fail
ure to have definitely secured right of
way across some property near First
street. The lailroad people supposed
that an agreement had been reached
about the matter, but the owner of the
property changed his mind, and de
mands a very high price for the right.
Meanwhile construction has to cease.
The material and rolling stock pur
chased by General Manager Burnett
when in the east last month, will be de
livered early in the spring, when con
struction to the ocean will be pushed.
MAGNATES IN CONFERENCE.
The Santa Fe and Southern Pacific
Discussing their Pro Rata.
There is some little difference be
tween the Santa Fe and the Southern
Pacific railroad companies, as to the pro
rata of rates between competitive points.
General Manager K. 11. Wade and (ien
eral Freight and Passenger Agent S. B.
Hynes of the Santa Fe, are now in San
Francisco arranging the matter. The
result of their conference with the
Southern Pacific officials will not result
in any change in passenger or freight
rates, the affair being simply a mat ter
between the two companies.
Mr. Wade and Mr. Hynes will be back
either tomorrow or on the next day.
A Lot of Seekers for Semi-Tropic
A large number of climate seekers
readied California yesterday via the
Warner excursion over the Santa Fe.
The following passengers were in the
W. F. Frotens and family, of London,
Ont.; G. L- Frotens and family, of Lon
don, Ont.; Miss Kate Kimball, Mrs. F.
H. King, Chicago; E. Ensign and wife,
Topeka; B. Kagoy and wife, St. Louis:
J. Harper, Kansas City ; J. M. Whitney,
Ewell, Mich.; W. F. Frank, Minneapo
lis; J. E. Lee and family, Nasau ; Edw.
Kennedy and party of eight, Kansas
City; C. W. Koyce and wile, Norwood;
Mrs. S. A. Mart, Norwood; 11. G. Hu
bert, New York; D. T. Gil man. Boston ;
J. H. Kogers, Boston; B.T. Fruzsel,
WatervilhV, Me.; Vrs. H. Baer, Chicago,
111.; Geo. T. Barney, Kalamazoo ;W. S.
Gross and family, Toledo ; Mrs. T. Som
ers and daughter, Rochester; A. M.
Trunk, Denver; George Marshall, Bos
ton ; C. D. Sewall and wife, Thomas D.
Rat lido and family, Albany ; Miss Ella
Wight, New York; Mrs. T. Cummins,
Schenectady ; Mrs. Markart, Philadel
phia; J. T. Brown and family, Keokuk;
Mrs. C. W. Rasey, Albuquerque; F. J.
Thomas and family, Geo. Smith and
Superintendent J. A. Muir, of the
Southern Pacific, has gone north.
The Santa Fe overland was bulletined
as only twenty minutes late yesterday.
Mrs. A. N. Towne and Mrs. George
Pullman went to San Diego yesterday,
each lady traveling in her own special
John L. Truslow, the big representa
tive of the Santa Fe company in Santa
Barbara, was in the city yesterday. He
returns home today.
The Santa Fe is figuring out a round
trip fare rate, which the ticket officials
of the Southern California railway sys
tem will seek to have made uniform all
over the roads in Southern California.
The rate provides a reduction of about
ten per cent, from straicht tickets.
The transcontinental freight rates for
westbound freight will go into effect on
January 19th. No date has yet been
fixed for the eastbound freights. These
rates are higher than the old rates, but
are not a horizontal raise. Some items
have been raised, while others remain
How to Succeed.
This is the great problem ol life which few
satisfactorily solve. Some fail because of poor
health, others want of luck, hut the majority
from deficient grit—want of nerve They are
nervous, irresolute, changeble, easily get the
bines and "t ke the spirits down to keep the
spirits up." thus wasting money, time, oppor
tunity and nerve force. There is nothing like
the Restorative Nervine, discovered by the
gn at specialist, Dr. Miles, to cure all nervous
diseases, as headache, the blues, nervous pros
tration, sleeplessness neuralgi -,st. Vitusdancc.
(its, and hysteria. Trial bottles and line book of
testimonials free at K. W. Ellis & Co.
Both the method and results when
Syrup of Figs is taken; it is pleasant
J and refreshing to the taste and acts
i yet promptly on the Kidneys,
! Liver and Bowels, cleanses the system
I effectually, dispels colds, headaches
and fevers and cures habitual consti
| nation. Syrup of Figs 13 the only
| remedy of its kind ever produced,
| pleasing to the taste and acceptable to
' the stomach, prompt in its action and
I truly beneficial in its effects, its many
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|It is for sale in 50c and $1 bottles by
all leading druggists.
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Ready Framed Etchings, Engrav
ings and Pastel Paintings, Parlor
Easels, Portrait Frames, Mirrors,
Plush Albums and Toilet Sets,
Sanborn, Vail & Co.,
133 South Spring Street
i\ perfect Harness DncsstNG.
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jjjL r**r«v/ cAvut TUX IT.
wiu. Stain Old a. mew furniture Varnlnh
W.LI. STAIN GLASS AND CHINAWARE „ f (/,(,
will Stain Tinware same
Witt Stain tour Old Baskets time.
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jgSgfa A SMOOTH SKIN
w» -Jn Clear Complexion
make the plainat face
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C 7 /Y B com P arat ' ve — not
absolute. AYe may
— al]i jjy p, o p er care ,
have a nice smooth skin and a clear com
plexion, which are in themselves the
first elements of beauty. Nothing con
duces to this end so thoroughly and com
pletely as the daily use of Mrs. Graham's
Cucumber and Elder Flower Cream. Asa
protection from the effects of sun and
wind, and for cleansing the face from
cosmetics or other impurities, it is
superior to anything discovered.
Price, $1.00. All druggists sell it.
F. W. Braun & Co., Los Angeles,
lHf '"are the Xpi
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ALLEN & GINTER, MANUFACTURERS, RICHMOND. VA-
Tl ME IS MON EY !
IF YOU INTEND BUYING A LOT IN
Time is Money to You !
YOU Cannot Afford to Wait!
THE PRICE TODAY IS
$90 Per Acre!
ONLY 250 ACRES
Will be Sold at 190.00 per Acre.
$10 or even $5 per acre is worth saving.
MONEY SAVED IS MONEY EARNED.
THE PEOPLE TODAY KNOW
THE -:-VALUE -:- OF -:- LAND
And require no urging to buy. They know that every acre of land sold in that
beautiful valley for less than $150 or $200 per acre
Is Less Than Half its Value.
The 5?50 acres advertised today may be all sold before kbla reaches your eye,
although we positively refuse to sell more than -10 acres to any one party.
The Town Lots at Moreno
Will soon be put on the market, due notice of which will be given. For further
particulars, call on or address the
Bear Valley and Alessandro Development Co,,
A. P. KITCHING, Gen. Manager.
Send your address to our office and have the December number of the Orange
Belt mailed to you.
jmm TELEPHONE 546.
" Send me another 50c quart can of
WlPf £A<s) those Fresh Eastern Oysters ; the can I
got last n; &ht was the finest we have had
1 /Mm since we left the East. There were 36
» J BPjT"" h°e large oysters in the can."
441 and 443 S. Spring St., 4ttund stli.
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IT QOODS SOLD FOR CASH ONLY. -JBJ