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MERITS OF OUR HARBORS
Its Advocates Heard at the
The Deepwater Port Conven
The Board of Government Engi-
neers Listen to Arguments.
Claim* of Santa Monica, Redondo and
San Pedro Considered—A Large
Amount of Information
The chamber of commerce was filled
to overflowing, yesterday morning, with
people from all parte of the county, to
meet the board of army engineers, de
tailed by the secretary of war, in pur
suit of an act of congress, to look up
and determine upon a cafe harbor of
refuge for Southern California, and re
port prior to the next reassembling of
Tbe commission comprises Col. W. P.
Craighill, chairman; Lieut. Cols. H. M.
Roberts and C. P. Mains; Majs. C. VV.
Raymond and Thomas W. Handbury,
of the U. S. A. Engineer corps.
Tbe rooms, which were oppressively
hot, were crowded with prominent per
sons of Southern California, comprising
lawyers, merchants, railroad officials,
and many others.
On the meeting being called to order,
President Wells, introduced the five
members of the engineer corps to tbe
audience, and vacated the chair in favor
of Colonel Craigbill, who is a tall and
well-preserved man of about 60 years. '
Colonel Craighill said that interested
parties should be allowed to speak, in
the following order: San Pedro, Santa
Monica, and Redondo, each to speak
exclusively in favor of the place repre
sented ; and then, after this was con
cluded, each interested party should
have the right of interrogating witnesses
by way of cross-examination.
db. widney's views.
The first speaker, in behalf of San
Pedro, waa Dr. J. P. Widney.
Tbe doctor was unquestionably the
smoothest and moat pleasant apeaker
that appeared before the board at yes
terday's aeaaion. He aaid, in aubstance:
We have a large coastwise commerce
between San Diego and San Francisco,
about 500 miles. Vessels have no
refuge between San Diego and San Fran
cisco, no harbor from southwest winds.
This shows tbe importance of a harbor
There is coming a great deep sea
commerce. It cornea from southern
points. These vessels have no shelter
from southwest winds. They must,
run to Catalina. San Pedro geta the
first half and Santa Monica gets the sec
one half of the storm when the wind
whips into the west. In an ordinary
westerly wind the shore gives shelter.
So milch for the general need of a har
bor which would juatify spending much
With the coming of tbe Nicaragua
canal a revolution in trade will occur.
Now veaeela coming in from the south,
go out and get in the trade winda and go
to San Francieco. When the canal
comes they will find no shelter on it.
San Francieco is opposite the highest
Foint of the Sierra Nevada mountains
t ia abreast the backbone of the con
Tbe region south is away from all
mountains, the easier grades being on
the aide of this mountain. Railroads
will seek to avoid San Francisco, and
coming from the east will take the easy
grades and come this way, seeking a
seaport down here, flanking this range
of mountains. The port of the future
will be in tbe south because of this fact.
Ihere ia a time coming when tbe
government must bave a port on the
Gulf of California. It is the commerce
of tbe future we are looking to; we can
Set along for the present with what we
aye. Vessels coming here from abroad
must have places to refit where there is
calm water; they can't put docks down
in the surf. Hence we need a break
water. These six southern counties will
in twenty years have, say 3,000,000 pop
ulation. The railroads will come here,
through the low grades and passes of
Nevada and Arizona. I believe I have
said all necessary regarding the needa
of a general harbor.
HON. J. DE BARTH SHORB'S ADDRESS.
J. De Berth Shorb, of San Gabriel,
was tbe next speaker. He spoke from a
producer's standpoint, and was listened
to with profonnd silence. He said:
"I don't know as I can add much to
what Dr. Widney has said. I have been
for years the largest producer and ship
per of wines and brandies in Southern
California. These are products which
require much transportation, and tbey
are products upon which much of the
future prosperity of Southern California
binges. The freights on this commod
ity have always been very high. I
have been paying railroads 10 to 13
cents per gallon for. transportation. I
can get transportation to a port for 4
cents a gallon on deep-water ships.
There were 288.000,000 of gallons of
wine and brandy shipped into this
country last year, coming from Algeria,
France and Italy. Multiply this by ten
pounds, tbe weight of each gallon, and
you have some idea of what the carrying
of this product means in the United
States. I think the harbor should be
located where it would benefit fortifica
tions. Governor Stanford once said to
me that if tbe government would per
mit bim to finish the Southern Pacific
railroad, the government might take the
railroad and operate it across the Sierra
Judge Widney again took tbe floor,
and contended tbat Ban Pedro wae much
more suitable for a harbor than Santa
Monica. He said 45,000 feet of water
front was needed at either San Pedro or
Santa Monica. In the present condi
tion of San Pedro this could be obtained
for about $4,000,000. At Santa Monica
it would cost $25,000,000.
The breakwater would have to ex
tend one and one-half miles from shore.
A harbor at Santa Monica would divide
our commerce; the deep water vessels
would go to Santa Monica, those of
light draft would go to San Pedro.
J. De Barth Shorb wanted to know
why it was that after so much had been
done by the government which tbe
Southern Pacific largely got the benefit
of, that road wants to tear up and get a
new place for tbe government to spend
its money T .
Oapt. A. A. Polhemus, who haa apent
—any yeara about San Pedro, aaid:
"The ground about San Pedro ia tho
beat holding ground I ever saw. It is
rocky, though not ledge, and covered
"You get the greatest swell with the
southwest wind, and when it goes
around to tbe northwest, it is a sign
with us that the storm is gone. I
knew a vessel that rode out a storm out
side. It was in 27 feet of water; she
drew 15 feet, and got in the trough of
the sea and dropped twelvo feet, break
ing off the keel, though she did not drag
"Catalina island affords much shelter
to San Pedro. The ocean side of Cata
lina is always rough. Catalina is in a
measure a natural breakwater for Ban
Captain Hawthorn, of San Pedro
said: "I have been a shipmaster about
San Pedro five years, and have anchored
off the port with a 1700-ton ship and
found a good holding ground. I think
it an excellent place for a deep-sea har
bor. I have held on there and rode out
Captain Hamilton, of San Pedro,
said: "I have been master of a vessel
for twelve yeara, and for nine years run
ning to San Pedro steady. Have been
running a steamer for the paat five
years. I have never had but one anchor
down when anchored outside in riding
out a storm. There ia good anchorage
ground if you don't get too far to the
lee in a southeast gale.
"I never anchor outside of eight or
nine fathoms of water. I never have an
chored in Santa Monica bay. Our
southeast winds are our gale winda.
We have sometimes two or three of
them a year, occuring in the winter sea
son, laeting two or three daye, though
they generally blow but twenty-four
The submerged reef running southerly
from Point Firmin is a natural protec
tion to tbe harbor. There is six or
eight feet of water on it, and I have
seen a vessel wrecked there."
Captain McVickera aaid: "I have
been running to San Pedro thirteen
years, and seven years I have bsen mas
ter. When I have reached San Pedro I
have always anchored in tbe outer har
bor. I have never dragged nor used
but one anchor."
Captain Radcliff aaid: "I have been
running from San Pedro harbor seven
teen yeara. The ship America and the
bark San Luis, while anchored off San
Pedro, both parted chains, and were
wrecked. When a vessel will part her
chains before she will drag her anchor it
shows good holding ground."
ARGUING FOR SANTA MONJCA.
Santa Monica's side was then intro
duced. This was managed by Senator
Carpenter, who opened by presentation
of facts prepared by the town trustees
of Santa Monica, eetting forth points of
advantage of that bay for a breakwater
and harbor. The report is as follows:
At Santa Monica there are no sloughs
or swamps to interfere with or render
expensive the use of the frontage pro
tected by a breakwater. All the front
age protected would be available for
wharves without piling or other expen
ses for the approaches. .The business
that would be conducted at preaent in
a harbor, such aa proposed, would be
extensive. The presumption ia reason
able that auch businesa would grow, not
only with the growth of the adjacent
country, but also by reason of the facil
ity of the approach from tbe interior
through the low grades of tbe passes,
the absence of snow, and tbe favorable
A harbor constructed to accommodate
the present business of Los Angeles
could, at Santa Monica, be indefinitely
extended. When we consider the large
wharf frontage required for the transac
tion of business in good and conven
iently located harbors, aay aa at San
Francisco, ten or fifteen miles of such
frontage may reasonably be expected to
be eventually necessary. Santa Monica
bay offers this frontage for the eventual
extension of tbe deep sea harbor, should
the business warrant it. In building a
harbor at thia point, the government
would be guaranteed in having room
enough to enlarge it to meet the re
quirements of any future trade. The
irrigation of Arizona lands, and conse
quently increased products from that
section, together with the rapid growth
of the whole southwest, would, under
good facilities, support a large coast
The extension of American commerce
on the Pacific, and the completion of the
Nicaragua canal would likewise give
large business to a harbor at this point.
It may be noted that tbe nearest avail
able harbor to Los Angeles is at present
at San Diego, 120 miles distant, and that
the intervening grades are heavy and
expensive to work. To the north the
nearest harbor is San Francisco, 480
miles distant, with heavy grades to sur
mount. In the eastern states, on the
Atlantic coast, no such vast extent of
seaboard is without numerous harbors.
Los Angeles being situated at the only
natural break in the mountain chains
separating California from tbe interior
is eminently deserving of being aided
by the government in the construcrion
of a deep-sea harbor. In serving Los
Angeles, the- whole southwest, and in
fact the whole ten states are likewise
accommodated with the best outlet for
ADVANTAGES OF SANTA MONICA AS REGARDS
Every mile of distance and every hour
of time saved in transportation is bo
much gained, and other things being
equal, should decide the location of a
harbor at the point most favorably ait
nated. Our large and heavy business,
lumber, coal, and merchandise, is now
with San Francisco and other points
north. Santa Monica -is nearer these
points than any other in this county.
It is also the neareat to Loa Angeles
In tbia connection it may be obaerved
that natural causes force the future
growth of Loa Angelea westward. Every
increment to the population of this rail
road center brings it nearer to Santa
Monica. Eventually it may be surmised
that Loa Angelea itself will extend to
the sea at Santa Monica. No auch re
sult can be anticipated elsewhere.
The distances between Santa Monica
and the following stations in Loa An
gelea are aa follows:
Firat—By tbe Southern Pacific rail
way: University, at the weat end of
Loa Angelea, 12.74 milea; Jefferson
street station, 13.74 milea; Arcade de
pot, 17.40 milea; Commercial-street sta
tion, 18.20 milea; San Fernando atreet,
19 30 milea. Second—By the Southern
California Railway company (Santa Fe
eyatem): First-street station, 20.7
mileß; Central-avenue station, 15 milea.
APPROACHES BY LAND.
No difficulties, either in the construc
tion or operations of railroads, between
the two places exist. The Southern Pa
cific has a right of way for twenty-six
feet each aide from tbe center cf ita
track along the beach to ita wharf, and
other linea of railway may secure simi
lar rights of way, alao. through the town
and Santa Monica cafion, and there ia
already a wagon road along the beach
| Coatiueee on 71 fU yet*,
LOS ANGELES HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 9, 1892.!
THEIR TICKET COMPLETE.
Republican District Conven
tion for Tnday.
Treasurer Banbury to Try for a
Proxies Not Allowed on the Connty
No G. A. It. Men Need Apply to the
G. O. P KelHey for Public Ad
ministrator and Knalgn for
The convention of the grand old Re
publican party of Los Angelea county
haa completed its labors, and baa now
paesed into hiatory. The ticket it baa
made for the suffrages of the voters of
this county is a most anomalous one.
Every nominee, with but a few excep
tions, stands for the ring, and for the
ring methods in politics. The cities of
Los Angeles and Pasadena have gobbled
up every office, with the exception of
the petty little post of coroner, which
was given to Santa Monica.
The candidate for sheriff lives in tbe
Eighth ward, the candidate for clerk in
the Ninth ward, the candidate for audi
tor in the Ninth ward, the candidate for
tax collector in the Seventh ward, the
candidate for recorder in the Second
ward of thia city, the candidate for
treasurer in Paaadena, the candidate
for diatrict attorney in Pasadena, the
candidate for public administrator in
the Fifth ward of this city, the candi
date for coroner in Santa Monica.
In point of geographical location, the
ticket ia certainly and confessedly a
weak one. There are other points about
it which will be assailed later, in detail.
Pomona had two candidates, and the
convention eat upon them. Garvanza
had a candidate, and he was beaten, for
the reason that the ring wanted another
man. Sau Pedro bad two candidates,
and they were both defeated. Santa
Monica presented a candidate, and he
was left, and so it went.
The old soldier element certainly did
receive cruel treatment at the hands of
tbe convention. General Rollins and T.
A. Lewie were defeated by young Mr.
Lopez. A. B. Whitney was defeated by
young Mr. Walker. Major Donnell was
defeated by young Mr. McLachlan. Geo.
H. Kimball and O. F. Kellogg were de
feated by young Mr. Kelsey.
The German Republican voters pre
sented a candidate for coroner, and the
convention completely snowed him un
der. Both tbe Germans and the Grand
Army elementjof the party were snubbed.
The first th ing that tbe convention did
yesterday morning wae to sit down upon
the aspirations of Major J. A. Dounel,
and the sitting down process was done
with great vigor. At the behest of the
court bouse ring and the Seventh and
Eighth wards of this city, James Mc-
Lachlan was renominated ior diatrict
Col. Banbury, of Paaadena, was given
the nomination for treasurer for a third
time. The ring wanted him, and the
convention had to have him. There is
about $20,000 per year in the treasurer's
office. Mr. Banbury haa had it four
years, and he does not propose to let go
if he can help it. The combination of
banks tbat Mr. Banbury favora with tbe
county deposits, was too strong for Mr.
Young Mr. Kelsey captured the nomi
nation for public administrator. There
is about $6000 per year in this little
snap. This does not include the fees
that the courts allow attorneys for
straightening out estates. Tho public
administrator selects his own lawyer,
and there is a big thing in the attor
ney's fees. As Mr. Kelsey was the
leading candidate from the start, the
attorneys in the convention came to his
rescue on the second ballot and nomi-*
nated him. They all want to be attor
ney for tbe public administrator.
A combination was made in the fight
for coroner to down Dr. Weldon. All
the undertakers in the city were
in it, except one firm. The
combination was aided by a rather un
fair attempt on the part of a few Sauta
Monica delegates to defeat Dr. Cates.
These two forcea made bim the nomi
The ticket ia admitted by many Re
publicans to be the weakeat that haa
been put up in thia county in many
The sentiment and universal opinion
is that in the interests of good and econ
omical government it should be defeated
from top to bottom. The friends of
General Rollins feel sore because after a
short term of office he was refused a
nomination, yet Colonel Banbury was
given, for a third time, the nomination
for the best office in the county. The
frienda of Mr. Kelly do not like to face
the fact that while no scandal is at
tached to hia administration of the af
fairs of the recorder's office he was re
fused a renomination, while T. H. Ward,
who baa diecharged the duties of county
clerk in auch a way that scandal at
taches to his regime, waa renominated.
Then tbe country delegatea are vigor
ously protesting against tbe unanimity
with which the city gathered in every
thing in sight.
There are many good and true Repub
licans who think that it would be a good
idea to defeat the Republican county
ticket once, and have a general clean
ing out of the old and young political
hacka who have dug the grave for tbe
organization tbat now certainly controls
tbinga. The feeling ia atrong to beat the
whole ticket thia fall, and to do it with
out any flourish of trumpets and blow
ing of horns—juat quietly with the little
rubber stamp. It ia a consummation de
voutly to be wiabed for, and moat cer
tain to occur.
After a two days' and two nights'
siege of "conventioning," tbe delegatea,
when tbey assembled yesterday morn
ing, were tired and weary. Still, con
sidering thia fact, they were on hand
early. The combinations on that part
of tbe ticket that remained to be nom
inated bad all been made.
The convention was called to order at
10.10 a. m. Chairman Murphey an
nounced tbat the first order of business
would be nominations for district attor
MB. M'LACHLAN'S ABILITY.
Judge H. R. F. Variel, of the Ninth
ward, took the platform and placed in
nomination James McLachlan, the in
cumbent. The judge said that be nom
inated bim on bis record. He was aa
fine a district attorney as Los Angeles
connty over bad. Ho needed ao eulo
gy, tho judge aaid, at Ms bauds, and hi
would pass none upon him. Mr. Mc-
Lachlan waa not a grand army man, but
he had a grand army man in hia office —
C. C. McComaa.
TUB SOLDIER'S NAME PRESENTED.
Judge Silent, of the Fifth ward, placed
in nomination Major J. A. Donnell.
The judge made a apeech, in which he
reviewed the military record of Major
Donnell, and said that he waa in every
way fitted by training, study and expe
rience for the district attorneyship.
The judge thought it was about time to
nominate an old soldier. Thus far the
soldier had been given eulogies by the
delegates, but the other fellow had been
given the offices and the salaries. An
other thing, the judge said, to consider
was tbat thus far all of the nominations
had been given to young men. He
thought that it was now time to put
some old men on tbe ticket.
W. T. Williams, in seconding the
nomination of James McLachlan, resent
ed some imputations which had been
cast upon the character of Mr. McLach
lan by hia enemiea. To defeat bim
would be a virtual indorsement of the
Hebald by a Republican convention,
Mr. Williams aaid.
Col. Melvin Mudge aeconded the
nomination of Maj. J. A. Donnell in a
very able apeech. Colonel Mudge fought
the war over again in hia aeconding
speech, and he uaed the name of the
Grand Army of the Republic. Col. M.
Mudge was given three cheers at the
close of hia speech.
D. A. Barclay seconded the nomina
tion of Major Donnell. Numerous other
seconding speeches were made.
THE OLD SOLDIER DEFEATED.
Nominations were then closed, and
the candidates came forward and put up
their assessment of $5 each. The ballot
was then taken, resulting as follows:
J. A. Donnell 141^
James McLachlan 176
Necessary to a choice 160
Another old soldier waa defeated, and
the convention went wild with enthusi
asm over the fact. It took some few
minutes to obtain order again, so vocif
erous was the applause.
On Judge Silent'a motion, the nomi
nation of James McLachlan was made
Chairman Murphey then announced
that in the future only five minutes
would be allowed in seconding nomina
tions. He said the rule would hereafter
be enforced. On motion, seconding
speeches were limited to three minutes.
The convention then adjourned until
2 p. m.
When Chairman Murphey called the
convention to order yesterday afternoon,
it waa 2:10, and there were not 120 dele-
Kates in their seats. The remaining
200 delegates were absent, but they
came atraggling in later.
Col. John T. Brooker offered a resolu
tion, which waa adopted, empow
ering the county central committee to
fill ail the vacanciea on the ticket that
The chairman called attention to the
fact that a number of country delegatea
were returning to their homes and giv
ing their proxies to city delegates. He
cautioned the rural representatives not
to leave until the funeral services were
The chair decided that the secret bal
lot adopted by the convention did not
apply to the district conventions that
were to be held later.
A BOW OVER THE SECRET BALLOT.
Mr. Piatt moved that the secret ballot
be made to apply to all tbe diatrict con
Mr. Spalding made the point of order
tbat the convention had no right to lay
down the rules for any other convention.
Each convontion was a law unto itself.
The chair ruled the point of order
well taken. The motion was declared
out of order.
E. A. Meserve appealed from the de
cision of the chair, and the chair waa
HOW IT CAME ABOUT.
This whole fight about applying the
secret ballot to tbe district conventions
was occasioned by the motion passed by
the Second ward delegation in its caucus
to vote solid for R. N. Bulla, for aaaem
blyman iv the Seventy-fifth diatrict.
The Seventy-fifth diatrict includea the
Second and Third warda of the city,
with twenty-five delegatea from the
Third ward and twenty-six from the
Second. Of course, the solid delega
tion from the Second ward was a majori
ty and nominated, but by the secret
ballot it waa feared that some of the
SecoDd ward delegatea might bolt and
vote for Caiter, so it was decided tbat
the chairman, John Barns, should cast
the solid vote of the Second ward for
Bulla. This was not a secret ballot and
certainly beat Carter, and Mr. Carter's
friends wanted the secret ballot applied
to the district conventions. They could
not make the riffle.
THE RING CANDIDATE, BANBURY.
The next order of business was tbe
nomination of a candidate for county
treasurer, the most lucrative position,
as now conducted, that there ia in Loa
Judge R. H. F. Variel placed Thomas
J. Weldon in nomination.
C. E. Day took the platform, and
placed Jabez Banbury in nomination.
fhere were numerous seconding
speeches, and nominations were then
GOV. MARKHAM SPEAKS.
Gov. Markham waa then-presented to
tbe convention. He waa received with
great applauae. The governor made a
brief apeech, in which he congratulated
the convention on the labors it had per
formed, and alao thanked the Republi
cans of Los Angeles county for the sup
port tbey had given him in the past.
The candidates for tbe treasurership
came forward and paid their assess
ments. The ballot was then taken,
resulting aa follows:
Jabee Banbury IPBU
T. J. Weldon 127
Total vote 316 X
Necessary to a choice, 158.
The nomination of Colonel Banbury
waa made unanimoua. For a third time
the Republicans of Los Angeles county
put up Colonel Banbury for a fat office,
who complains tbat there ia nothing in
the job of a profitable financial charac
Nominations for public administrator
were declared to be in order. Colonel
Brooker, of Arteaia, took the platform
and placed in nomination Charles G.
Kellogg, of Pomona, an old aoldier.
Mr. Whitney, of the Sixth ward, pre
aented the name of George H. Kimball.
W. T. Williams came to tbe platform,
and, after indulging in more or lesa
scriptural quotations, be placed in nom
ination Frank M. Kelsey.
Numerous speeches were made, aec-
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Magneto Con.ervatlve Garments. With "Actlna" perfect aafaty la assured.
OFFICE HOURS: 6 a.no., till O p.m. SUNDAYS! O a.m. till 1p m.
Free Treatment at Office. Call for Circular, and Testimonial..
NEW YORK AND LONDON EI.EOTRIC A3SOCN
LOS ANGELES BRANCH —Room. 41 and 42, Southeast Oor. First aid Spring St..
ROBERT, D. MILLER. Manager.
IMPORTER OF SOUTH FIELD
LUMP - : - COAL.
OFFIOE: 130 WEST SECOND STREET, TELEPHONE 30
Yard, 838 North Main Street. Telephone 1047.
WOOD AND KINDLING. 1 - *-i 9
pin TiTp SIGNS ! SIGNS'!
I I l\| MR. WM. MKRGKLL, lftte of Omaha, Neb.,
I I -mf I %l 1. now located with
OlvJll O 6. STROMEE, ™sx
foe rapid work, low price, and modem .tries.* "hare of your patronage la .•liclted.
Cant Blgaa, Muslin Signs. Wire Signs, Bran Signs, Signs of every deaoclpUaa.
Feiitloal work doa* at short notice at reasons** aaaaa.
IT ISN'T DIFFICULT
To crack tbe nut in wbicb the truth ia
hidden. The easiest thing in the world
is to spend money, and it's just about
as easy to spend it injudiciously. Thia
is exactly what you do not do when yon
purchase our fine diamonds and other
precious gems and jewelry. When 70a
lay out a dollar you expect to get it back
again, not in actual money, but in value
received lor value given. We give yon
at least a dollar's worth for a dollar, and
we guard your interests aB carefully aa
as we do our own. Figure as carefully
ac you please, you can never make a
more profitable calculation than thai
which enters into the purchase of onr
diamonds, watches, jewelry, etc.
125 South Spring Street.