Newspaper Page Text
BY COALE Ss> BARR
Friday, Oct. 3, 186 S.
We have nothing definite or exciting from
the armies tbis-week. Our army is now mass
ed on this side of the Potomac, and it is con
fidently stated that Gen. Lee has 20,000 more
men under his command, than at any former
period. Harper's Ferry was evacuated by
our army immediately after the battle of
Sharpsburg, and the enemy now occupy that
place and Williamsport. A portion of our
army is at Winchester. An important move
ment is hourly expected.
Mr. Crocker, Chief of the Army Intelligence
Office, has returned to Richmond with full
lists of our casualties in the recent battles. In
the battles at and near Manassas, our losses
did not exceed 5,000, and in Maryland less
We have good news from East Tennessee.
We learn from good authority that the people
are volunteering by hundreds. Lincoln's last
proclamation will give us an army of 50,000
The rumor that Gen. Marshall has blockad
ed the Ohio below Cincinnati, is not to be
relied on, tho' he is probably not very far
from the river. Kentucky will soon be swept
of the Yankees.
Lincoln's emancipation proclamation has
created great dissatisfaction at Washington,
and the rumor is that several Federal Con
gressmen have resigned.
Altogether, our cause is growing brighter,
and desperation characterizes every move and
every act of the euemy.
» ♦ ♦
The Salt Bill.
We give in another column, the Bill passed
in the Lower House of the Legislature con
ferring upon the Governor and a joint Com
mittee of both Houses, authority to take pos
session of the Saltworks in this county and
Smyth, either by impressment or otherwise.
As will be seen by the yeas and nays, this
bill passed by a large majority. It has pro
bably passed the Senate by this time, as a ma
jority of that body, on Friday last, voted down
several amendments modifying the power of
the Governor in..the matter.
We have believed all the thuo,-and still be
lieve, that the State should have purchased
the Works long ago, but wo cannot believe
that the Legislature has the right to impress
the works, or take possession of them in any
other way, without the consent of the owners.
If it has, it has the right to take their negroes,
their grain, their stock, the furniture out of
their houses, or any personal or real property
they may possess.
Tho measure is, in our opinidn, a great
usurpation of power, and a precedent fraught
with incalculable mischief and danger. Nor
do we believe the scheme will work with any
advantage to the community at large. The
proprietors, by increasing the manufacture at
tho Works, and by disposing of the water to
parties at other points, will perhaps, in a short
time, if unmolested, disseminate a larger
amount of salt than the State would if it had
possession of the wells.
We insert in another column.a list of the
casualties in the37tb Regiment at the battle
of Sharpsburg, but it is very inaccurate. We
hear of several killed and wounded who are
not mentioned in the list. Lt. John N. -Humes
was wounded, and perhaps is among the miss-'
ing. Alfred A. McDaniel is reported killed.
We have heard that others were killed or
Wounded, but have not "heard their names,
Br. Butler, Surgeon of the 37th, writes that
the-Regiment went into the fight with but 88
men, all.of whom were either killed or wound
ed except 20. The Goodson Company had
but 22 men in th'p fight, G of whom were kill
ed and 1G wounded.
We have nqt heard the casualties in the
48th Regiment, though we learn it was badly
* » » -
Old Abe's last proclamation, freeing the
negroes of rebel masters after the first of Ja
nuary next, is the coolest, and yet the shal
lowest piece of impudence we have seen. It is
done for the purpose o*f frightning the people
of Kentucky into loyalty to the Federal Gov
ernment, but will only have the effect to dis
gust them, and show them the real motive of
the Yankee-invasion. Lincoln and his Cabi
net have all the time professed that they have
waged this war to save or restore the Union,
but the present proclamation shows what we
have all the time known, that it is waged to
free the negroes. What ridiculous nonsense,
to talk about freeing the negroes after the Ist
of January next r when they have,, from tho be
ginning of the war,.and for years before, sto
len and freed every negro they could lay their
thievish hands upon.
1 Exchanged Prisoners.
We saw in Richmond a few days ago, John
and Samuel Bowers, and Wm. F. Barker, all
of this place, who were captured at the late
battle of Manassas, and were exchanged at
Aiken's Landing on Thursday of last week,
and have, we believe, returned to their com
A Gallant Basil.
Capt. Frank. Findlay, with his little com
pany of Partisan Rangers from this county,
nearly all of whom are youths under 18 years
of age, and attached to the State Line service,
made a dash into Wyoming county a few days
ago, and cuptured Capt. Godfrey, a noted
leader of a Union company, and ten of his
men. They brought them into camp at Abb's
Valley, where they are in limbo for the pre
+++ ; —
Mr. James Clark, of this vicinity, is now
engaged in trying to get up a company of in
fantry for the State Line service. This is,
perhaps, the last chance that some ofour pa
triotic citizens will have to form a new com
pany, and the faster they fall in the sooner
they will be on the field where glory is to
he won. Mr. Clark will remain in the neigh
borhood until Monday evening.
The Yankees are concentrating a consider
able force at Suffolk, on the Petersburg and
Norfolk Railroad. At last accounts, they
numbered 25,000. Their object is not known,
but the probability is that the movement is a
mere feint to coax a portion of our army from
-♦-»--♦ ! . .
The Confederate Congress passed a resolu
tion to adjourn on Tuesday last, but it was
subsequently re-considered,' and the adjourn
ment postponed till Monday next.
■ ♦ ♦ »-
The Special Term of the Circuit Cou-t of
this county, will be held by Judge Fulton, on
the 2d Monday in November.
The Sliarpsuiarg Railie.
As it is rumored here that the first and se
cond Brigades gave way at the battle of
Sharpsburg, we deem it proper to extract the
following paragraph from a letter from Lieut,
John Roberts, in command of a company in
the second Brigade, to his father in this coun
Wo had a very hard battle near Sharpsburg
Md., on the 17th. We lay in line of battle
all the night before. The Yankees gate us a
good bombing while wo were lying in the line.
The line was formed some time before night,
when the Yankees commenced firing on us,'
and continued the fire long after dark the
bombs bursting all around us. After night
we could see them coming for a mile. They
described a beautiful curve with the fire of
the burning fuse streaming out behind. The
scene was very grand, but not altogether-plea
sant to us,, as the pieces of bombs, dust and
brush were flying all aroond us. Next morn
ing the Yankees threw forward a heavy co
lumn of infantry and a battery that made the
grape-shot rain around us. The Stonewall
and our Brigade was ordered to fall back.—
We were turned more to the right to flank,
which we did, driving the enemy before ue.
\Y c then passed on some half a mile and had
a long and severe fight with a'heavy force.
We were reinforced just in time to save ns
from falling back again. The enemy were
then routed, and thus ended the fight. So far
as we were engaged, we fought on the left
and beat the Yankees back some distance,
l»ut they held their ground on the right. Eve
ry thing remained quiet the next "day, and
1 that night we recrossed the river. The ene
my tried to follow us but failed. Our loes
Jwas heavy, and so was the enemy's.
P -— -« ♦ »— '.
I JE6T The following is a list of casualties in
the 37th Rcgt, Va. Vols., in the action of the
I 17th inst., near Sharpsburg, Md. ;
if Field and Staff— Wounded, Lt. Col., J. F. Ter
ary in wrist, severe.
w £ , A -- KWcd . ®*l* C - W - Ta y*oi-, Sergt. J.
W. Kelly, Corp. B. 11. Green, Wm. Rhea, 11.
Wounded, Lt. J. A . Rhea mortally in side,
D. Malone, Wm. Pryde, B. Booher arm slight,
Wm. Barker hand severe, E. Coaly lwad slight,
h. Jones slight,
/Co. B.—Lt. Hortenstine
!£ Wounded, Lt. C. M. Knott slightly, Wm II
bultz severe in shoulder, Jessee Wise severe in
temmlder, J. A. Billiard slight,
Ce. C.—Wm. Barman leg amputated.
Co. D.—Killed, Lt. Wallin.
f Wounded, Lieut. Duncan slight, Pendleton
j Campbell, Taylor, Riggs in hand severe, Snod
grass, Jewell, Wood, Wood* deck, Snodgrass.
Co. Lt. Orr arm amputated,
Uo.use, Bishop, Grosscloso, Waddle
V Co. F.—Wounded, Lt. Reed slight, Wm. Mc
[veigh leg amputated, Dcbusk, Love, Lt. Wm.
KMc. Hagy missing, supposed killed.
wiv' Wounded, Lt, Kindrick, Geo. W.
']r Co. H.—Wounded, Lt. Berry, N. Duff shoul
der severe, W. Wilson hand severe
r u~ w° Und f d ! James «ilmer slight.
*J«?% * w Und o d ' Lt - Bowie e! »r slight, Ja
cob Forrest, Wm. S. Minnick, Jo. JohnsoA in
head severe, R lgg l e , A. R. Kiscr in shoulder se-
A letter was received in thie city yesterday
ZhE&SS?** b * »B«*Wo in the Army
of the Potomac, announcing in very positive
terms that every man of the Prince George
j -Rifles," except. Cant. AlleV. who „Z «&
and of course absent at the time, had been
captured by tho'enemy-on Saturday last, near
Shepherdstown. No particulars of the unfor
tunate affair are given, but from the well
known responsibility of the author of tfm let
ter, we are constrained to place some credit in
the report.— Pcterzlrwg Express, of Sept. 27. |
The bill, providing for the production, dis
tribution and sale of salt, in this Coranion
wealth was next-taken up on motion of Mr.
Messrs. ROBERTSON, of Richmond, and
GREEN, of Jefferson, opposed the bill on the
ground that its provisions were in violation
of the Constitution.
The question beipg upon the passage of
the bill, it was decided in the affirmative, yeas
66, nays 29.—as follows:
Yeas.—Messrs. Ambers, John T. Ander
son, Baker, Barbour, Bigger, Blue, Booton,
Buford, Cazenove, Ooffman, Coleman, Crock
ett, Custis, Dabney, John Dudley Davis, Dice,
Edmunds, Eggleston, Evans, Ewing, Flood,
Franklin, patewood, George, Gillespie, John
11. Hopkins, Henry L. Hopkins, Huatt,
J.amcs, Johnson, Jimhjm, Kaufman, Kyle,
Lively, Lockridgo, *%"uridy, Lynn, Magruder,
Mallory, Mayo, Jsaac E. McDon
ald, McLaughlin/Montague, Robert E. Nel
son, Wm. G. T. Nelson, Orgain, Pitman,
Prince, Reid, Riddick, Roves, Rowan, Sher
rard, Snady, FrancisG. Taylor, R. F. Taylor,
Thrash, Treadway, Vaden, Ward, West,
James L. Wilson, Woodhouse, Woolfolk,
Nays.—-Messrs. Francis T. Anderson, Bass,
Bradford, Carter, Cecil, Clark, Robert J.
Davis, Fleming, Forbes, Garrison, Gilmer,
Green, Jones, Laidfey, A. W. McDonald,
Minor, Newton, Robertson, Robinson, Ruther
foord, Robert C. Sanders, Shannon, Staples,
Tate, Vermillion, Williams,. Samuel Wilson,
Wooten, Mr. Speaker.—29.-
On motion, the House adjourned.
The following is. the Salt Bill:
A Bill to the production, dis->
tribution and sale of Salt in this Common
wealth. ' '-"*
1. Bo it enacted jjy_Jhe General Assembly,
that the Governor of tljis Commonwealth, by
and vyith the advice and consent of the com
mittee of advice hereinafter directed to be
constituted, may adept every such measure
and do every such act as in his judgment may
be necessary and._proper to be "done, in order
• to secure the possesion, production or dis
tribution to convenient places, of such Quan
tity of salt as will da his judgment be suffi
cient to supply tlm people of this Common
wealth; and to thatbandmay,With the advice
and consent aforesaid, bind the faith of the
Commonwealth, for the performance of such
contracts and engagements as he may deter
mine to be necessary and proper, and may
exercise full authority and control over the
property and franchises of any person, firm,
or company in thkCommonwealth, whenever
J ho shall judge necessary and proper
j'to exercise the same Tib order to secure the
possession, production or distribution of the
quantity of salt aforesaid.
2. If, in the opinion! of the Governor, in
order to obtain a speedy and .sufficient supply
of salt, itshall be expedient to do so,, he may,
by and with the advice and .consent, of the
said committee of advice, seize, take posses
sion of and hold, and- exercise full authority
and control over the property, real and per
sonal, of any persontfinn or company, and
any engines, machinery or fixtures, and other
property or thing necessary for the production
of salt, in this Commonwealth, whenever he
shall judge it to be necessary to exercise the
power hereby conferred, in order to secure
the production and distribution of the quan
tity of salt aforesaid.
3.-'lf by the exercise of the power sonfer
redliy the second section of this act, any
property should be tak"e*h, in relation to which
there may be existingcontracts -with the Con
federate States, or any of the States of the
Confederate States,-the sar»e shall be res
pected, and the supply of. salt or salt water so
contracted for shall be furnished.
4. The Governor may, with the advice and
consent aforesaid, tafee-eontrol of any rail
road or canal in this State, if necessary for
the transportation of salt for distribution, or
for the transportation of fuel or other thine
necessary for the production of salt. But the
power conferred by this section shall not be so '
* exercised a3 to interfere with the transporta- '
dion of troops, munitions of war, and army ■
supplies by the Confederate Government. j
5. The Governor shall, by and with the ad
vice and consent aforesaid, designate places j
in the Commonwealth from which the sale I
and distribution may be made to citizens of j
this Commonwealth, and prescribe rules and !
regulations for the sale of the same, and the
prices af "which it shalTbe sold. When such
prices shall be so prescribed and published
for two weeks in some newspaper published
in tho city of Richmond, the sale at any
bigher price than the price so prescribed shall
be a misdemeanor, and the sale of each bash
el, or any part of a bushel, at a rate higher
than tho price so prescribed, shall be a sepa
rate offence. Any violation of tho rules and
regulations so prescribed shall be a misdemea
nor. Upon conviction of any person under
this act, he shall pay a fine of not less than
$100 or more than 2,000.
6. If the Governor shall find it necessary
to employ agents to receive money for the
sale of salt, he shall require them to give
bond, with such penalty as the Governor may
require, with good security to.be approved by
the Governor, payable to the Commonwealth,
with condition to pay all money rectived from
the sale of salt into the Treasury to the credit
of the Commonwealth, at the end of each
7. The sum of §500,000 is hereby appro
priated, to be paid out of the Treasury upon
warrants to be issued by the Auditor of
Public Accounts, upon the Orders of the Go
vernor in writing, to be given only in pay
ment of liabilities incurred for the purposes
of this act.
8.« The Advice hereinbefore
[ referred to shall be composed of two senators,
!to be chosen by the Senate, and three mem
bers of the House of Delegates, to be chosen
by the House of Delegates, who- shall be paid I
all expenses incurred in the performance of
their duties; and said committee are em
powered to sit during a recess of the General
Assembly or after its adjournment.
9. For the use of any of the property, real
or personal, belonging to any person, firm
or company owning or possessing the sources
of salt water which may be occupied, possess
ed or controlled by the Governor,, said Com
mittee of Advice shall assess reasonable com
pensation, which shall be paid on the written
order of the Governor, whenever the said
compensation shall be accepted by the party
entitled to receive tho same. Any party not
satisfied with such assessment may appeal to
the General Assembly for such new assess
ment as may be just and reasonable.
10. This act shall be in force from its pas-
Vote of Thanks-
In the Legislature, on the 24th inst., Mr.
Anderson, of Botetourt; from tho Committee
on Military Affairs, reported a series of reso
lutions returning thanks to Gens. Lee, John
ston and Jackson, and the officers and men
under their respective commands, which were
adopted. The following are the resolutions:
Resolved by the General Assembly of Virginia,
1. That this General Assembly commemo
rates, with grateful admiration, the victorious
operations of the Confederate armies in Vir
ginia during the present campaign, resulting
in the deliverance of the Capital from seizure
and the State from invasion.
2. That the achievements of the army near
Richmond, first under command of Gen. Jos.
E. Johnston, and afterwards under command
of Gen. Robert E. Lee, in driving from the
environs of the Capital a disciplined army,
superior in numbers and ecpiipments, occupy
ing formidable and fortified positions, and con
fident of victory, rank with the most memora
ble triumph of skill and valor in the annals
3. That the army of the Valley, under the
command of Gen. Thomas J. Jackson, by a
rapid succession of brilliant victories in the
Valley of Virginia, and afterwards by effec
tive action as a part of the combined army
under Gen. Lee, has the conspicious privilege
of having wm the first triumphs, and having
honorably participated in the successes of the
present illustrious campaign in this State.
4 That the recent operations of the com
bined army under Gen. Lee, illustrated by a
second decisive victory at Manassas, by the
expulsion of the invaders from Virginia, by
the passage of the Potomac, by the capture of
Harper's Ferry, by the victories near Shep
herdstown and Sharpsburg, and by other tri
umphant proofs of genius, fortitude and pat
riotism, entitle the officers and men of that
army to the profound and perpetual gratitude
of their country. ' -
5. That, while rejoicing in our victories,
and in the valor of our armies, and in the sure
guarantee which they furnish of the success
ful vindication of-our liberties and *he main
tenance of our independence, we yet mourn
over our heroic sons who have faflen in the
sacred cause: and offer to their families oar
warmest sympathies, and commend them to
the kindness and generosity of their country
6. That these resolutions be communicated
hy the Governor to Gen. Lee, Gen. Johnston,
and Major General Jackson, the distinguished
commanders of the Confederate armies in
Virginia, as a memorial of the admiration and
thanks of this Commonwealth for their emi
nent ability, and for the skill and gallantry
of the officers and men of their respective
* ♦ » _
thelew Conscription Act.
The following is a copy of the Conscription
Act passed by both Houses of Congress, on
the 26th of September. :
An Act to amend an act, entitled, i( An Act
to provide further for the public defence"—
approved 10th April, 1862.
The Congress of the Confederate States of
America do enact, That the President be, and
he is hereby authorized, to call out and place
in. the military service of the Confederate
States, for three years, unless the war shall
have been sooner ended, all white men who
are residents of the Confederate States, be
tween the ages of thirty-five and forty-five
years, at the time the call or calls may be
made, and who are not at such time or times
legally exempted from military service; or
such parts thereof as, in his judgment, may
be necessary to the public defence, such call
or calls to be made under the provisions and
according to the terms of the act to which this
(is an amendment; and such authority shall
exist in the President, during the present
as to all persons who now are, or may here
after become eighteen years of age; and, when
b-ncc enrolled, all persons between the ages
of eighteen and forty-five years shall serve
their full l\me\ provided, that if the President,
in calling out troops into the service of the
Confederate States, shall first call for only a
part of the persons, between the ages herein
before stated, he shall call for those between
the age of thirty-five, and any other age less
than forty-five; prodded, that nothing herein
contained shall be understood as repealing or
modifying any part of the act to which this
is amendatory, except as herein expressly sta
ted; and provided further, that those called out
under this act, and the act to which this is an
amendment, shall be first and immediately
ordered to fill to their maximum number the
companies, battalions, squadrons and regi
ments from the respective States at the time
the act to further provido for the public de
fence, approved 16th A pill, 1862, was passed;
and the surplus, if any, shall be assigned to
organizations formed from each State since
the passage of that act', or placed in*new or
ganizations, to be officered by the State having
such residue, according to the laws thereof,
or disposed of as now provided by law; provi
ded, that the President is authorized to sus
pend the execution of this, or the act to which
this is an amendment, in. any locality where
he may find it impracticable to execute the
same; and that in such localities, and during
such suspension, the President is authorized
I to receive troops into the "Confederate sorvice
1 under any of the acts passed by the CbnfedJ
crate Congress prior to the passage of the act'
to further provide for the public defence, ap;
proved 16th of April, 1862.
A Skirmish tn Southampton.
We learn from a gentleman whofwas pre:
sent, that our cavalry pickets in'lsle of Wight
county, wore driven across Blackwater river
at Franklin* Southampton, Tuesday last, by
the enemy, who advanced in force.- Col.
Marshall was in command of the Confederates
on this side of the river, and the bridge Was
guarded by.a 32 pounder attached to Capt?
R'chardson's James' City Artillery, which*
opened in reply to the enemy's artillery. The"
fire from our gun was remarkably accurate rd
aim, and the shell falling amongst the enemy;
caused them to beat a very hasty retreat.—;
Upon crossing the railroad, a shell from an*
other 32-pounder of the James City
. stationed at the depot, and commanded by
L ; eut, Slater, fell in the very midst of the*
flying foe, and emptied several saddles. >Thd
enemy lost three killed and several wounded,
as our men were afterwards informed by
vilians residing in the vicinity, all of whom
they carried off. The enemy in his flight
burnt a bridge to prevent pursuit. They are"
supposed to have numbered 1500. Come
when they may, we are prepared for them in
that section. It is supposed that they have ft
hankering after the railroad between this city"
and Weldon.— Petersburg Express, Sept. 27.
. * ♦ r— -
In his interesting letters des<?fiptive of the
, late battles on the Plains of Manassas, "Pet*
sonnel" records the following incident:
A HAND-TO-HAND CONFLICT.
1 The Eighteenth Georgia, Fifth Texas, anal
the Hampton Legion, encountered the Seven
■ teenth, Twenty second, Twenty-fourth and
■ Forty-fourth Now York regiments, who were*
• concealed from view by a deep ravine, and
1 before they were aware of it, the antagonists
were within twenty steps of each other. Oijr'
i men secured the advantage of the first fire;
k however, and rushing forward with a yell af
ter their volley, were in a moment upon the 5
■ Yankee ranks. . Adjutant Patton, of the Eigh
teenth Georgia, made a dash for the color of
' the Twenty-fourth New York, but the bearer
! refusing to give it up, one of the Georgians
* named Sergeant O'Neil, hopped upon him io
true Irish style and knocked him down with
- his fist. Dm ing this hand to-hand conflict, Lt*.
* Smith, also of the Fifteenth, was attacked
' with a bayonet, which htr caught with big
' left hand-, and with the other brought his'ojw-
M ponent to the ground, Lt, Thomas, of the
Hampton Legion, had a similar fightwith tad*
" color bearer of the Twentfsecond'New. Jovkf
• in which he secured the Hair of that regiment;
& For the first time in its history the demand
; was made in this fight for the surrender'of
the Hampton Legion by the Cidonel of the
i Twenty-second N. York,-- "Surrender h—ll J?
thundered Col. Grey, "if you- don't deliver'
' \>/"ur sword up I'll blow your brains out, sir.
These fire South Catf dlniajis;^whereupon tfe*
1 prudent Yankee gave tip his sword and«was
( handed over a prisoner of war.
[ Fa-oui the Army.
A soldier who is just from the Potomac re-'
I gion says that ths parties of the enemy who
have been committing raids in L undoiin and
I Fauquier have disapj eared. Daring their
, adventures they visited Middloburg and Up-
I perville, and paroled all tho sick soldiers and*
. stragglers whom they found there. They
. made a dash towards Parrs for the nurposeof
, capturing General Mahono and other officers
whom they learped were in that vicinity.—
Their-effort rrf this respect was a failure. * If
is reported that they captured Col. Wm.
i Smith, who was on his Way to his home in
Fauquier wounded, from the battle field of
1 Sharpsburg. • But though he had to be driven
so rapidly as greatly to increase his discom
[ fort he escaped capture. Ho has two pain
. ful flesh wounds in his arm, but no bones are 1
<• \ e arc happy to understand that the anticfr
! of the enemy in that quarter have been stop
, ped. if indeed they have not been severely
punished, as is probable.
I Gen. Lee's army was-still near the positiorr
( reported for the last few days,— Richnwnd
Enquirer, Sept. 27.
, Bragg and Snail ft advancing on
\ GEN. MARSHALL ENCAMPED ON THE
1 BANKS OF THE OHIO!!
, TJie River Blockaded—Fifty-three KentvcXy
I Regiments in the Confederate Service !
[ Murfrhesboho', Sept. 28.—A gentleman,
, from Gen. Bragg's army reports that Bragg.
, and Smith have formed a junction, and |Sf
, within twenty miles of Louisville. -", ~
Gen. Marshall was at Rising Sun, on flic
.Ohio River twenty miles below Cincinnati,'
, and had stopped the navigation of the Ohio.
Buell was on the Green river.
The fifty-third Kentucky Regiment "hadU
i been mustered into the Confederate service. '
The enemy's force at Louisville is said to
. be sixty thousand new levies.
The New York Tribune states that by the
surrender of Harper's Ferry, the Confederates,
took 14,500 men, rations for 14,000 men for
twenty days, one hundred tons of ammunition,
fifty-seven guns, (some of which were tflV
best Parrot's) 14,000 stand of arms, and four
*©*• Forney's Philadelphia Press is the on
ly Yankee paper we have seen that favors
Lincoln's emancipation proclamation.
Only 181 men were recruited in Philadel
phia during the first four days of last week.
The New York World makes the following
comments on Yankee management:
"Considering the available means, and the
actual results, it is the most disgraceful failure
recorded against any government in modern