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THE SOBANTON TRIBUNE-WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 0.. 189T..
TAXES IN ENGLAND
AND IN AMERICA
Heavy Cost ol (he Government la Great
EQUALS $14 FJOR EACH INHABITANT
Comparison Uotwecn tlio Sourcos or
Iloronuo Jn That Country nnd in tho
United Stat08'IIItorr of tho Urlt
ith Natlonnl DebtOther Compil
ative Statistics of Honl Interest.
W. E. Curtis writes In the Chicago
Record: Americans who are complain
ing of taxation and growling about
tho burdens imposed by the Dlngley
law can nnd very little consolation In
the revenue returns and the budgets of
Great Britain The receipts of the
general government during the last
fiscal year, which ended March 31, 1897,
were $560,992,735. Tho population of
CJreat Britain and Ireland Is between
39,000,000 and 40,000,000, which, taking
the maximum as the basis of circula
tion, shows that the rate of taxation
for the .support of the general govern
ment Is $14 per capita.
The receipts of the United States gov
ernment for the first fiscal year, ended
June 30, 1897, were $317,184,728, which,
with a population of 70,000,000, Is equiv
alent to a tax of about $4 per capita.
Last year was the most prosperous
in the history of Great Britain, and It
is expected that the present year will
show a still greater increase In the
revenues, but there Is no talk of re
ducing taxation. Military and naval
expenditures are Increasing annually.
Of the entire expenditures of tho Brit
ish government more than four-fifths
went for war. war debts and prepara
tions for war. The exact proportion
was 1C shillings and 3'4 pence In every
pound, leaving 3 shillings 8 pence for
all other purposes.
A few years ago the government of
the United States suffered the unusual
affliction of a surplus revenue. In 1887
it amounted to $55,500,000, In 1888 to
$67,500,00, in 1889 to $49,000,000 and in 1890
the receipts were $45,000,000 more than
the expenditures; whereupon congress
struck off the principal sources of
revenue, and there has been a dcfllclt
varying from $4,000,000 to $70,000,000
every year since. In Great Britain an
abundant revenue Is considered an in
dication of national prosperity and a
satisfactory fiscal policy. A surplus is
considered an advantage, and Is applied
to the reduction of the national debt as
long as It lasts. The financial policy of
the government is permanent. The peo
ple will not allow it to be tampered
with, and whenever the ministry talks
about such things as It Is now talking
about, concessions to the sllverltes, the
public begins to demand its retirement.
The following Is a list of the chief
sources of revenue of the British gov
ernment, and the amount received from
each expressed in American money:
.Property and Income tax &f,
Tax on legacies and estates .... (io,
Receipts from postolllco K,
Stamps on legal papers, etc .... .'S7,
From telegraph and telephones.. 14,
Land and houso tax 12,
Receipts from crown lands 2,
Receipts from Suez Canal 4,
Although Great Britain Is a free
trade country that government collects
more than half as much money from
Import dues as the United States, tho
total In that country for the last fiscal
year being $176,316,393. The import tax
in Great Britain Is Imposed on articles
that are considered luxuries such as
tea, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, wines and
liquors, beer, perfumery, soap, confec
tionery, fruits, playing cards, silver
ware and some other articles of a simi
The excl&e and stamp taxes in Eng
land correspond very closely to our internal-revenue
taxation. The receipts
from that quaiter Jn the United States
amount to $146,241,263, while In Eng
land they reached nearly $200,000,000.
In the United States tho Internal-revenue
tax is Imposed upon tobacco.beer,
liquor, spirits of all kinds, playing
cards and articles which contain alco
hol. In England the excise receipts are
likewise drawn from tobacco and drink,
ohd no other country, except, perhaps
Russia, obtains so large a proportion of
its revenue from that source. This is a
cause of great complaint. The reform
ers declare that the revenues come
from the millions and not from the mil
lionaires, and thev demand a removal
or ut least a reduction of the taxes on
tea, coffee, tobacco and beer on the
theory that they have become- neces
saries of life.
The receipts from the sale of stamps
In Great Britain, amounted to $37,000,000
last year. These stamps were attached
to legal documents such as leases,
mortgages, conveyances, insurance pol
icles, bills of exchange, drafts, bank
checks and all bills for merchandize
purchased above two shillings and six
pence. Postage Btamps and lnternal-revenu-j
btamps are Interchangeable,
which is a great public convenience.
But the millionaires add their sharo
to tho income of the government
through the tax on legacies nnd es
tates, which was attempted by tho
legislature Jn New York last year and
caused Bucb a tremendous outcry
among the rich. The "death tax," as
It is familiarly called in England, is
something appalling to those who are
not nccustompd to it. The heirs of
every man who dies aro required to
contribute from one to eight shillings
to tho government for every UO0 in
money or property that they receive
ns logncler, with one per cent upon tho
value of entailed estates. In addition
to this there Is a legacy duty of from
one to ten per cent., according to tho
relationship, distant relatives paying
the maximum nmount. There is a still
further tax of five per cent, upon all
profits or net revenue received from
estates that are in chancery or in tho
'hands of receivers, or that for any rca
son remain undivided.
All property passing at death pays a
graduated duty upon its appraised
value, tho appraisement being made by
the probate court. When It exceeds
1,000 tho heirs must pay two shillings
for every 100. When it exceeds 10,
000 they must pay four shillings for
every fl00; when it exceeds 100,000
they must pay six shillings; when it
exceeds 250,000 they must pay seven
shillings, and when It exceeds fl.000,000
they must pay eight shillings per 100.
Walter Lewis Wlnans, of Baltimore,
died In England last June, leaving
about $12,000,000, from which tho gov
ernment received In taxation the sunt
of $961,210. During the last year prop
erty to the aiiiount of $11,595,025,000 was
Inherited in Great Britain, which prop
erty paid $69,816,105 as government du
ties. Tho Increased wealth of Great Brit
ain Is shown by tho fact that during
the last forty years the customs re
ceipts have advanced about 35 per cent,
the excise dues about 50 per cent., the
Income tax about 38 per cent.
In the United States liquor and to
bacco licenses are Issued to all retail
dealers for the same fixed fee. An in
creased fee is charged for licenses to
wholesale dealers. In Great Britain
there is a graduated scale according to
the amount of business transacted, the
lowest license tax being $25 and the
Every person who owns a gun in
England has to pay ten shillings a year
to the government, and if that gun is
used to shoot game the owner Is requir
ed to take out a license, which costs
him $5 for one month. $10 for six
month's, $15 for the year.
There is also what Is known as the
"establishment" tax, under which fam
ilies who employ male servants are re
quired to pay fifteen shillings a year
head money for each. The total num
ber of servants thus taxed last year
was 195.4C0. It costs fifteen shillings to
keep a two-wheel vehicle, $12 a year to
keep a four-wheel carriage for two or
more horses and $5.25 for a four-wheel
carriage for one horse. The total num
ber of carriages thus taxed Is 519,631
and the receipts from that source
amount to $3,246,315.
In the United States dogs are taxed
by the municipal governments. In
England they are taxed by the general
government. Each dog has to pay S7,4
cents In England. In the United States
the average fee Is $2. In England th'ere
are 1,345,283 dogs, which pay $2,525,000
People who Indulge In crests and ar
morial bearings in 'England have to pay
a tax on their vanity. If their coat of
arms la attached to their carrlges the
duty is $10.50; If It is attached to their
doors or appears In any way upon
their houses or fences or gates the
charge is the same. If It Is otherwise
worn the charge Is $5.25.
There Is also a tax on silver and gold
plate used for domestic purposes or or
nament. The income tax yields a revenue of
$83,250,000. The people are divided into
five schedules and the tax is graduated
those enjoying the largest Income pay
ing tho heaviest taxes.
The land and house tax Is also bur
densome, being from 2 pence to 9
pence In the pound.
In the United States the postoffice de
partment Is a very expensive concern,
the receipts being from $10,000,000 to
$12,000,000 less than the expenditures
annually. In Great Britain, where the
population is dense and there are no
broad prairies and mountain ranges to
be crossed and long rivers to be navi
gated, the postal service Is a source of
considerable revenue. Last year the re
ceipts were $59,300,000 and the expendi
tures were $35,760,000, which showed a
profit of $23,550,000. The telegiaph and
telephone service, which Is conducted
by the postoffice department, does not
quite pay expenses, the receipts last
year being $14,550,000 and the expenses
The government of Great Britain has
found the Suez canal a paying Invest
ment, which Is a fact worthy of the
consideration of our congress In con
nection with the construction of the.
Nicaragua canal. The revenues from
that source last year were nearly
The following comparisons between
the fixed expenses of the British gov
ernment and those of the United State
will be found Interesting:
Always Reliable. Purely Vegetable.
Perfectly tasteless, elegantly coated, regu.
WW.E'irV ,cLHmH ,Hnd strengthen. HAD.
WAY'H I'UjIJJ for the cure of all disorders
of (stomach, lionets, Kidneys, Bladder,
IJervous Diseases, Dizziness, Vertigo, Cos'
ALL DISORDERS OF THE LIVER
Observe tho following symptoms, result
ing from diseases of the digestive organst
Constipation, Inward piles, fullness of
Wood In tho head, acidity of the stomach,
nausea, heartburn, disgust of food, full
ness of weigh: of the stomach, sour eru;
tatlons, sinking or fluttering of tho heart,
choking or suffocating sensations when
In a lylnz posture, dimness of vision, dots
or webs tef ore the eight, fever and dull
pain In the head, deficiency of persplra
tlon, yellowness of the skin and eyes, pain
in the side, chest, limbs and sudden flush.
es of heat, burning In the (lcsh.
A few doses of RADWAY'8 PILLS will
free the system of all the above named
Price ajc per box. Sold by Druggists or
sent by mall.
RADWAY & CO..
H5 Elm Straot, New York.
The royal family $2,432,530 JH5.W?
Interest public dept . .123,000,000 37,7S8,Ki
Pensions 1,181,305 111,063,081
Judiciary 2,583,250 7,JS,C18
Army 91,830,000 61,4S"J,143
Navy 110,850,900 80,459,950
Civil-service salaries .,100,225,000 48,'JJ9,083
12,750,000, and tfeo annual Interest
charge was equal to $6,000,000. Then
camo tho war of tho Spanish succession
under the great Marlborough, which
cost 60,000,000, and at the death ot
Anne tho debt was Increased to 37,
000,000. Bcforo the outbreak of tho
American revolution there had been a,
scries of wnrs with France and Ger
many, including tho seven-years war,
which Increased tho debt $82,000,000. The
strugglo with the American colonies
was tho result of taxation to pay for
those wars. But that cost 97,000,000,
and Increased tho national debt to 237,
400,000. In 1816, after the wars with
Napoleon, which cost over $4,000,000,000,
the debt reached 846,000,000, Then fol
lowed a gradual reduction, by careful
financiering, until 1854, and when tho
Crimean war broke out tho debt was
reduced to. 794,000,000. The Crimean
war cost 70,000,000. Since that time
tho wars of England have cost 65,000,
000, not Including the regular mainten
ance of tho army and navy.
The usual way of reducing the debt Is
by the apllcatton of the surplus reve
nues In tho purchase of what are
known as terminable annuities, and by
the sinking fund, which was created
many years ago. From tho regular re
ceipts ot the government $7,500,000 Is
added to this fund every year. Large
sums of monev have been bequeathed
to the government by wealthy patriots
to assist In meeting the public debt, but
It Is still very large and next to France
the largest ot any nation In the world.
The total expenses of the British gov
ernment last year were $507,383,340. This
left a balance of $12,366,0SO, which ap
plied to the public debt.
The total Interest-bearing debt of
Great Britain now amounts to 589,146,
878, or $2,945,734,300 in our money, which
Is equivalent to about $73 per capita of
the population. The Interest-bearing
debt of the United States Is $847,365,
320. or about $12 per capita.
Charles II. had the honor of founding
the national debt of Great Britain. Be
fore his time, when the king wanted
money he used to get It from gold
smiths or bankers by pledging his Jew
els or glvins mortgages upon tho here
ditary property of the crown, like any
other gentleman, or by squeezing his
barons. Tho "merry monarch" I have
named appropriated the property of
many of his nobles and gave them
notes of hand as security. Ills brother,
James II., who also needed funds, fol
lowed the same course, and when Wil
liam III. came to the throne In 1688 he
found great trouble in obtaining suffi
cient money to pay the necessary ex
penses of the court. Being a prudent
man, he "consolidated" or "funded"
the obligations Issued by his predeces
sors In order to conciliate the nobility
and strengthen his own position with
What was known ns the "king's
debt" was then incorporated, and It
was covered by Interest-bearing secur
ities to the amount of 664,264. Then
followed the wars with France, which
compelled William III. to extend hla
financial transactions considerably, He
found an easy way to borrow money,
and the revenues of his successors were
pledged to pay principal and Interest.
When he died the debt of England wu
Daredevil Urn very.
From tho Buffalo Express,
"Tho most daredevil piece of heroism
I ever saw was by some uegiops before
Fort Billow, when I was a prisoner In
side the fort and Gen. Payne was lying
in front of It with hla leg shot off," was
tho way Charles Cotton of Company C of
tho One Hundred and Blxty-ttrs't New
York Infantry began a story of valiant
rescuo that ho told to soma negro vet
erans. "Gen. Payne's leg had been Ehot oft In
tho Hist charge," he continued, "and he
was lying hidden behind some rocks in
front of the fort when his -troops were
forming plans to rescuo him. The scath
ing Are from the fort swept that spot,
and no officer dared to command any
of his men to go to certain death In
what looked llko a vain attempt to res
cue their chief. While the men wero
deliberating a negro stepped up and said,
'Wo might as well run our chances now
aa any other time, and I, for one, will
mako tho attempt. He was a handsome
fellow, and tho spirit ho displayed waB at
once equalled 'by. that of eleven other
negroes, who stepped out and volunteer
ed their services. A stretcher wa3
brought and four of them started, but
had only gone a few yards when every
ono was shot dead. A moment after
four others of tho volunteers rushed out,
and, picking up tho stretcher, carried it
a few yards further, when they, too,
wero killed. The four who were left
went ahead as If nothing had happened,
and two of thorn camo back allvo with
the general, .while the other two wero
left dead at tho pile of rocks where Gen.
Payne had been lying. Gen. Payne Is
still living, and, I am told, tho two noblo
fellows who rescued him ihave wanted for
nothing ever since."
Hot Air Furnaces,
Gas and Electric
ELECTRIC LIGHT WIRING.
t com co..
434 Lackawanna Ave.
We Make It.
We Warrant It.
We Wholesale It.
THE WESTON ILL CO.
Fine Line of
NEW STYLES STONE RINGS
Diamond anil Comblnalion Ring
Sterling Silver Ware and
Finest stock of Watches,
all the latest styles and sizes
at very close figures.
CUT GLASS, CLOCKS, Etc
The largest Jewelry House
in Northeastern Pennsylvania.
. 130 Wyoming Avj.
The Attractiveness of this
and all our advertisements
is in their Truthfulness and
And look at the windows the best ad.
of all the real thing itself. Here you see
a window full of underwear, there it's
boys' clothing, next it's ties and under
wear, then you come to overcoats and
pants some more underwear and gloves
between men's suits next. On the cor
ner hats and neckwear Lackawanna ave
nue side shirts first then men's suits
boys' clothing last. The show is ever
changing, ever new and best of all the price
on everything, prices that talk, that shout.
"After all it's simply a matter of fit,"
said a passer-by. "If I could be fitted I
would be in the biggest kind of luck, for
that $12.00 suit looks as good as this
$25.00 one I have on."
We do not make to order, but we make
to fit, and we shall fit you or you can't
'have the clothes.
0V6rC0a.tS or a ne cover: cloths light and
medium shades full box back, $8.00,
$10.00, $12.00, $15.00
OverCOatS or Winter, fine blue, brown and black
kerseys, warm linings, exquistely finished,
$8.00, $10.00, $12.00, $15.00
StlltS Cheviots, in mixtures, plaids, checks, plain blue,
black and brown, rough faced fabrics fancy
worsteds and black clay worsteds perfectly finished and
cut to fit, at $8.00, $10.00, $12.03, $15.00, $18.00
BOVS Stilts ei fce 'ows for descriptions of
" cloth and trimmings cold type can't
s paint their beauty. Ages 3 to 16 years. $1.98, $2,50,
$3'0$3-5 H-00) S4-5 SS-oo
Clothiers, Hatters, Furnishers. -
SCRANTON PORI CO
(EUREKA OF THE PAST.)
IS LIKE BENDING A CHILD TO A GOOD
NURSE-HANDLED TENDERLY, RUT
FIRM, AND WHEN RETURNED TO YOUR
CARE THERE ISA PLEASANT, CLEAN
LY FEELING IN THE WEAR,
Try Us This Once.
Protector and Cleaner of Linen.
322 Wushtugton Ave. 323 Dlx Court.
Ring 'Phone 702. Call Wagon or Drop
Postal. Eureka Coupons Accepted.
The Eye Specialist
WHOSE office is at
TT 216 Laokawan
no avenue, In Will,
lams' White Front
Bhoe Store, examine
the eye free In the
moflt accurute way,
unit his prices (or spec
tacles ure cheaper
than elsewhere. A la
to tho proper, cure of
the eyes heenrto pos
ies most people until
the tlmo comes when
viBian.or oiner results
of such neglect giro warning that nature Is
rebelling against such treatment of one of
the most precious gifts. Normal vision Is a
blessing unappreciated until It has been lost
and restored; Its full value Is then realised,
Therefore, you should not lose a day before
having your eyes examined. This service we
gludly render tree of charge.
IjBMEMUER TUB PLACR,
215 Lackawanna Avenue
In the Whit Pront Shos Store.
PUT YOURSELF IN OUR PLACE
And you will realize how easy It is to fur
nish your home luxuriously with a trifling
outlay, a little at a time, and you don't
BARBOUR'S HOME CREDITHOUSE
423 LACKAWANNA AVE.
1111 POWDER CO.,
&001S I AND 2, COMITHNVfl
MINING AND BLASTING
HADE AT VJOOBIO AMD
IAPUN A RAHD POWDBR
ORANGE QUN POWDER
Eleotrto Batteries, Electric Exclilers, for
plodtug blasts, Bafety Fuse, and
Repanno Chemical Co. "s explosives.
By the use of my new local anaesthetic No
sleep-producing agent. It Is simply applied
to the gums and the tooth extracted without
a particle of pain.
All other dental operations porformed post
lively without pain.
18 fill HE
WARRANTED 5 YEARS.
These are the same teeth other dentists
charge from 915 to 825 a set fot
TEETH WITHOUT PLATES.
Gold and Porcelain Crowns; Gold, Silver
nud Cement Killings, at one-half the usual
cost. Examination free. Open evenings 7to
8. Sundays 0 to 11 a. ni.
316 Spruce Street.
Next Door tc Hotel Jermyn.
$100 Tojny Man.
WILL PAY $100 FOR ANY CASE
Of Weakness in Men Thoy Trent nud
Full to Cure.
An Omaha Company places for tho
first Ume before the publlo a MAGI
CAI. TREATMENT for the cure of
Lost Vitality, Nervous and Sexual
Weakness, and Restoration of Lira
Force in old and young men. No
worn-out French remedy; contains no
Phosphorous or other harmful drugs.
It is a WONDERFUL TREATMENT.
Magical In its effects postivo In its
cure. AH readers, who are suffering
from a weakness that blights thejr
life, causing that mental and physical
suffering peculiar to Lost Manhood,
should write to the STATE MEDICAL
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Omaha, Neb., and they will send you
absolutely FREE, a valuable paper on
these diseases, and postlve proofs of
their truly MAGICAL TREATMENT.
Thousands of men, who have lost all
hope of a cure aro being restored by
them to a perfect condition.
This MAGICAL TREATMENT may
be taken at homo under their direc
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and hotel bills to all who prefer to go
there for treatment, if they fall to
cure. They are perfectly reliable;
have no Freo Prescriptions, Free Cure,
Free Sample, or C. O. D. fake. They
have $250,000 capital, and guarantee to
cure every caBo they treat or refund
every dollar; or their charges may be
deposited In a bank to be paid to them
when a clire Is effected. Write them
TRIBUNE WANT ADS
BRING QUICK RETURNS.
EomsUttMneedi a rsllablt, Monthly, renlitlps inKlldns. 0n'r ksnaJtM BB4
the purest drugs rhosld bs umJ, II you vant tbo best, gel
Dr. Peal' Petmnvrcwafl Plflls
Thar are prompt, safe s4 certain In reislt. Tt malee ttr. real's) neTUdiais
noinl. pas say m, t i.w. Auaien rsvu, usoiviais w uctiuu,u.
For Sala by JOHN H- PHELPS, Pharmacist, c6r. Wvornlno avonu and