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title: 'The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, November 15, 1897, Image 1',
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SCnANTON, PA.. MONDAY MOnNlNG, NOVEMBER 15. 1S97.
OF GEN. GARY
tfe Advocates Govern
ment Savings De
positories. A BOON TO THE PEOPLE
Would Put an End to Postal
Many Millions ol Dollars Secreted by
People Who llovol.itllc or No Con
fidence in Oriliimry Security nnd
.Monetary Institutions Organized
by Private Citizen, Would Doubt
less Find Their Way Into Channels
ofTritde iintl Commorcc--A Stimu
lont (u Pntiiotism Also.
Washington, Nov. 14. The first an
nual report of Postmaster General
James A. Gary to the president was
made public tonight. Its feature is the
strong advocacy of postal savings de
positories, a scheme over which Post
master General Gaiy has worked for
many months In the formulation of
plans to nroent to the president and
congress. He says the time Is ripe for
their establishment and that the udop
t!"n ol a well organized system would
. infer u great boon upon a Uirfw num
ber of people and ultimately In- of In
estimable benefit to the whole eountr'-.
The estimates of th revenues and ex
penditutes fur the tlsc-ul year ending
June so, 1 &!!', are: Total postal reve
nue for 1S97, .?S?.fiCo.4."2.T3: aid five per
cent. $4,1"3,27u.K!. Estimated revenue
for 1S0S, $S6,79S735.SG: add seven per
cent., JG,u7ii,911.r.l. Total estimated
revenue for 1809, $92,874,617.37; esti
mated expenditures for 1899, $a5,92:',760:
deficiency for 1S!M. estimated $C,04S,112.
(B. Following is an abstract of the re
port: The increas? of the postal de
ficit for 1S97 Is largely a relle:: of the
depressed business conditions which
prevailed all over the United States
during the first three-quai'teis of that
period. There has been no extrava
gance of expendltuie. save that obll- I
gated by law.
' Reiterating the injustice Inflicted
both upon the postal revenues and the
people by second-class mull matter car
riage regulations, the enactment by
congress of some measure to remedy
the wrong, similarly pointed out by
past postmasters general, is urged. As
to this the postmaster general says:
"If this were done there would be
an end to postal delleits, and the ser
vice could be enlarged and popularized
by a broad extension of free dellveiy
without Infringement upon the general
lesources of the government, and
evcntuall.v lesult in the much-desired I
reduction of letter posing" to one cent
No method of perfecting the organ
ization of the postal service has proved
more effective than the consolidation
of postottlces. Legislative lestrlctlons
"ii its development are to be regretted
anil a repeal of the five-mile limit con
solidation measure In the 1S9(! postal
appropriation bill Is recommended.
FREE DELIVERY EXPERIMENT.
The experimental rural free delivery
lias been generously appreciated: few
'Xpendltures linvn conferred greater
benefits In proportion, and It has un
questionably proved a potent factor In
attaining what should be a chief; aim
of government, the granting of the best
possible postal facilities to the farm
ing class. The report reviews in de
tail the operations of the various
branches of the department. The por
tion of the subject of postal savings, in
Many millions of dollars Is undoubt-
dly secreted by people who have little
r no confidence In ordinary securities
and monetary Institutions organized by
private citizens. It Is dead capital, hut
if its owners could be Inspired with
absolute confidence in the security of
an Investment It Is altogether probable
i hat the bulk of this fund would find
ts way into the channels of trade and
commerce. If the government under
took this task, the service would un
doubtedly be gladly accepted by the
people. Their faith In the government
Their little suvings, which separate
ly could hardly lie put out at Interest,
would amount In the aggregate to u
sum that could be Invested to their
advantage. It would tend to cultivate
thrift In a large class; realizing the
adantage of depositing with the gov
ernment Instead of wastefully and
uselessly expending; it would tend to
better citizenship, bringing Into closer
relationship the government and Its
citizens and developing practical and
enduring patriotism. This growth of
patriotic spntlment nnd good citizen
ship constitute a powerful appeal to
statesmanship to make a way fen- these
beneficent consequences. The propo
sition Is an accomplished fact In near
ly every country In Europe, In the
Ilrltlsh dependencies of both hemi
spheres, and even In Hawaii. In Great
Britain 7,00u,000 deposltots have up
ward of $550,000,000 In savings accumu
lated during thirty-live years, and In
ten years fewer than 10.000 Hawaiian
depositors saved nearly $1,000,000.
These vast arcumulatlons have been
made with the least possible loss to the
governments, which guarantee their
payment, and with a minimum of cost
to tho millions of depositors. More
than a third of the postal savings ac
counts In European offices are held by
minors and over two-thirds by tho
most humble callings. It Is essentially
the bank of this class. Postal savings
would not conflict with these savings
banks,, hut would encourage savings
rather than accumulations. The con
version of money order offices Into sav
ings depositories would soon afford In
finitely moro facility lor receiving In
terest-beating deposits than the Interest-paying
banks do now. The most
aggressive opponents arc among the
ptlvate Institutions engaged In some
what simitar enterprises, though asso
ciations of the larger cities recognize
In It a valuable feeder to the financial
currents of the country. Security and
not the rate of Interest Is tho primary
and essential condition of such a sys
tem; and bonds of states, counties nnd
municipalities nnd real estate furnish
nn Illimitable field.
IN OTHER COUNTRIES.
Comparing other countries, the post
master general says nearly every coun
try permits Its most popular coin as the
minimum amount of deposit, varying
from five cents In India to $1 In Can
ada. Maximum deposits vary from
$282 in Franco to $2,433 In New 55en
and. Deposits over that amount are
non-Interest bearing and In several
cotintrlea the surplus Is by law In
vested In national bonds. Roth de
posits and accounts ure usually small.
France made a profit In ISO," of $170,
000 In handling 2,500,000 accounts, ag
gregating $143,000,000, after paying three
per cent. Interest. Great Rrttaln
earned a surplus of $S3,0000, nfter pay
ing 26 per cent interest on $4SO.OOO,000,
made up of 0,500,000 accounts. Tho
average commission paid to postmas
ters Is one cent per deposit. Any ac
count may be settled and withdrawn
from any depository In the country.
The telegraph Is coming Into use as a
means of withdrawal.
KING OF DUDES
.1. Wnldcrc Kirk Looked up on Charge
oT .Miirdcr-- lainis Sclf-Dcfensc.
A Woman in the Case.
New Yoik, Nov. 14. J. Waldcre
Kirk, known as the "King of Dudes,"
who came here recently from Chicago,
was today arraigned In the police court
on a charge of shooting Richard R.
Mnndelbaum last nlsht in the Hotel
Glrard, on Forty-fourth street, and
held in $2,500 ball for examination Nov.
23. Kirk was carefully dressed. He
woie n black frock coat, yellow waist
coat, striped black and white trousers,
red ascot tie with a peail pin ana pat
ent leather pointed gaiters with uppers
that matched his trousers. He stood
befoio the bar ungloved, holding hN
silk top hat In his right hand. Around
his head nnd chin was wound a nar
row bandage of white cotton to cover
n scalp wound on the top of his head.
His demeancr was calm. He was
brought to court by a police captain.
Mandelbaurr. was unable to appear and
a loundsman made tho formal charge
of felonious assault against Kirk.
Mandelbaum's physician sent u certifi
cate in which he stated thot he was
unable to determine at present whether
or not the wounds would result fatal
ly. "I am represented by M". Friend,"
said Kirk. "I will say nothing until I
Counsellor Friend appeared at this
Junctuio. There being no bondsman
present, Klik was locked up In the
prison attached to the court. None of
Ills friends were in court. Kirk de
clined to make any statement.
According to the police. Mandelbaum
failed to find his wife In her room when
he returned to the hotel Saturday, and
went to Klik's room and kicked In tho
door. Kirk is said to have tired tlve
times at the intruder. One entered his
breast. Just above the heart, and one
struck him in the groin. The other
shots went wild. Kirk said he shot In
self-defense, declaring that Mandel
buum struck lilm with a blunt Instru
ment. ,1. Vnldeiv Kirk Is well known In
Chicago and Denver. His novel Ideas
on dress have attracted wide attention.
NEW TURN IN THE COFFEE WAR.
A Point Won by the llnveinoycrs.
AihiicKlcv Repudiate n Contract.
Toledo, Ohio, Nov. 14. The Arbuckles
have repudiated the'r contract with the
Ohio Wholesale Grocers' association, and
acceded to the original proposition made
by the Woolson Spice company, or ratti
er tho American Sugar llctlnlng com
pany. Hereafter the state and national
associations of grocers will havo noth
ing to do with the coffee war, but tho
roasteis will deal direct with the job
bers. Private circulars to that effect were
received from both interests by Jobbers
today. This is regarded as a groat vic
tory for the Havemeyers. Ileglnnlng next
Monday, all contracts are cancelled, and
until further notice Jobbers are author
ized to deduct one cent n pound from
the Invoice on all coffees shipped Into
Ohio. Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Il
linois, Minnesota. Iowa, Missouri, North
Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and
Kansas. All former restrictions on Job
bers in New York. New Jersey and Penn
sylvania have also been revoked. The
factor plan tins been done away with,
but the equality plan will be maintained
TRIAL OF MEXICAN OFFICIALS
The .Mi'rilcrors of Arnulfo Airoyo
Will He Arraigned To-dny.
City of Mexico, Nov. 12. The trial of
Police Inspector Vlllavlncence and other
police olllclals implicated' In tho murder
ot Arnulfo Arroyo will begin tomorrow
and will probably last eight or nine days.
All the uccused havo counsel and the
trial will be a sensational one. throwing
much light on tho actions of the Inspec
tor general of police, Velasquez, who
committed milcldo when his share In the
crlmo was discovered, and ho becamo
convinced that tho government would af
ford lilm no protection. In fact, tho gov
ernment has been very vigorous in push
ing forwurd preparation for the prose
cution of the entire body of the accused.
Incidentally tho mystery concerning
Father Rortolero. a Catholic priest whoso
death Vulesquez has been suspected of
procuring, will probably be cleared up
and possibly It may bo shown that Ar
royo knew enough of that crime to cause
Velasquez's desire to remove him.
New Yotk, Nov. 34. Arrived: Umbrla,
from Liverpool. Havre Arrived: La
Touralne, from Now York.
The Ilrriild'aWcnthcr l'nrrcnil.
Now York. Nov. 15. In tne Middle
States and New England toda. cleudy,
rainy weather and slowly rUtus temp
erature -will prevail with fresh to brisk
variable winds, becoming mostly north
easterly and southeasterly. On Tuesday,
In both of these sections, clocly to part
1$ cloudy, slightly warmer weather will
I 'I'vall, preceded by rain or snow, with
brisk variable winds, high on the coaatu
followed probably by cUurlns In ihlt tc-Uon,
EDICT OF THE NEW
Full Protection Will Be Extended lo
Cnbans Who Surrender.
CONCESSIONS TO PROPERTY OWNERS
They Mill Ho Allowed to l'rovldo
Themselves With .Means of De
fence nnd to Use Revolvers for Self
Protection Provided They JItivo
Previously Obtained n License.
Havana, Nov. 14. The Gazette will
publish tomorrow nn edict of the gov
ernor general with respect to the sup
ply of food to reconcentrados and the
treatment of those discharged as cured
from the hospitals. This will state that
It Is impossible to annul at once tho
edict of concentration, as most of those
affected by It are homeless and desti
tute of all means of livelihood, so that
their condition would be made worse
by nn Immediate annullment. It Is,
thereto! e, necessary, the edict will de
clare, "to proceed with great care."
Those having property will be at lib
erty to return to the country districts
after obtaining permits from the local
authoi Itlesi. Property owners will be
at liberty to provide themselves with
the means of defence and to use the
revolver and the machete to protect
themselves, provided they have pre
viously obtalnd a license.
Such reconcentrados us are absolute
ly destitute will remain In the towns,
under the protection of local bureaus
of charity, assisted by a state fund.
A Junta of assistance will be formed
at once, with branches in the princi
pal towns under the direction of promi
nent people; and "full protection will
be extended to Insurgents who sur
render." Madrid, Nov. 11. General Stewart L.
Woodford, the I'nlted States minister,
had a conference today with Senor
Moret, the minister for the colonies,
and discussed with lilm tho prohibi
tion of the export of tobacco from
According to a dispatch from Co
runna the partisans of Lieutenant Gen
eral Weyler have abandoned the Idea
of a demonstration In his favor on the
arrival of the Montserrat.
Jacksonville, Fla., Nov. 11. Three
passengers on the steamer Mascott,
Just In at Port Tampa from Cuba, re
port a successful landing of the last
filibustering expedition. They were of.
the filibustering party, but refuse to
give any details.
MR, PLATT'S PLAIN TALK
Ho Uiroa nn Estimate of the Vnin
Glorious, Cili.'.-us' Cnudiduto lor
JHuyor of Greater New Vorl;.
New York, Nov. 14. Senator Thomas
! C. Piatt tonight gave out a statement,
In which he says, in part:
"it Is the plain purpose of those Repub
lican factlonlsts, who, falling In every
effort repeatedly made to control the Re-
publican organlza.ion, projected Seth
Low Into the municipal campaign, thereby
dividing the anti-Tammany vote, to force
Into the public mind the Impression that
the responsibility for this elhlson attaches
not to them, but to the Rnpublcian organ
ization. And, just as during tlie campaign,
they stop at no act of treachery in order
to create dlbsension, so now they are hes
itating at no falsehood or calumny In or
der to promote, it and keep It alive.
"Tliu malicious misrepresentations of
these Incurable factlonlsts must not go
unchallenged. Fair-minded men will re
member that When Mr. Qlllgg assumed
the presidency of the county committee,
he made the offer of union distinctly and
in terms. They will remember that his
offer was as distinctly refused by those
to whom It was addressed.
"They found no fault with the candi
date whom the Citizens' union picked out
as the expression of Its purpose and Ideas.
They do not now deny that they regat ti
ed him as practically the sort of a man
he has turned out to be a vainglorious,
self-seeker, masque lading as a Republi
can, but willing at any time to wreck 'ho
Republican ship on the lodge of his own
CRUSHED BY AN ANACONDA.
Narrow' Escape ol a Museum Watch
man from Horrible Dcnlli,
Phllaelelphla, Nov, It. A huge anaconda,
em exhibition in a museum lure today se
verely injured Samuel Masher, the mus
eum watchman, and crushed to death a.
valuable trick pony. The pony was tied
to a feed box, alongside the anaconda's
cage. Masher saw that the reptile had
worked one of the boards of its cage loose
and had stretched its tall out a short dis
tance. He pushed the boaul to, believ
ing tho anaconda, would pull within the
cage again. Instead It wriggled out and
wrapt Itself several times about Masher.
The latter screamed for help and tne
pony, frlgntencd by tho big reptile, ne
gan Jumping about. This probably saved
.Masher's life for the reptile unwound It
self from him and completely encircled
tho pony. Masher fell to the floor un
conscious, while the big snako continued
to crush the pony until lite was extinct.
When a number of the employes reached
the scene the snako bad begun to unwind
Itself and appeared, to be getting ready
for more light. The men kepl aloof until
tv lnssoo had been obtained and the ana
conda finally made secure. All of Mush
er's ribs were broken and bn was re
moved to a hospital.
PETER MAIIER'S ADVERSARY.
"Tut" Uyan, ol Anstrnlin" Will Ap
pear in Now Orlt'niiK Next .Month,
New York, Nov. 11. "Tut" Rvar. or
Australia, who has been matched to light
Peter Maher for the heavyweight cham
pionship, will appear In the Tulano Ath
letic club arenn. New Orleans, on Dec.
1. in n ten-round bout with Gus Ituhlln,
of Akron, O. The bout between Rulilin
and Ryan will be watched wltn wide,
spiead Interest, as Malier Is matched
with Ryan, and will meet Ruhlln In
stead It tho latter Is declared the win
ner Information has Just reached here lo
the t-ffect that Ryan, uccomp.inieJ by
Jim Hall and Tom McCarthy, of Roches
ter. N. Y., his trainers, have Jinit uv
rivet' In New Orleans for tho purpiao of
ai ranging for the match.
Mail Carrier Robbed.
Warren, Idaho, Nov. 15 The mall carrier
wns held up hero by a lone highwayman
nnd ordered to dismount from his horse.
The carrier was then told to cut the mall
sack open, which he did and tho robber
took all of the registered mall and letters.
There was about WW In oash. Tho sher
iff's posse of ten men Immediately set out
Interesting Services Held, by the Or
der nt IlurrUburg.
Ilnrrlsburg, Nov. 11. The National
Grange of tho Patrons of Husbandry ob
served this as their memorial day by
holding commemorative services nt 3
o'clock this afternoon In the Supremo
court room. Worthy Master J. H. ltrlg
bam, of Washington, opened tho services
with appropriate remarks, after which
prnyer was offered by Chaplain O. II.
Hale and Scriptural passages read by tho
secretary. Rev. D. John Trimble, of
Washington. Music was rendered by the
grange choir. Mrs. Ireno I- Illllcary, of
Oregon, us chairwoman of tho commit
tee of condolence on the death of Mrs.
Sarah L. Hayes, wife' of the past master
of tho Oregon Stato Grange read tho re
port of that committee, which .was
Remarks were made by the treasurer,
Mrs. Lva S. MaoDowcll, of Ohio; Mrs.
Ida V. Hugh, of Washington; Mrs, Ireno
L. Illllcary, of Oregon, and W. M. Illl
lcary, of Oregon. The report of the com
mittee of condolence on tho death of
Past Master Isaac W. Nicholson, of New
Jersey, was read by Chairman John T.
Cox, of New Jersey. Remarks were made
by Leonard Rhone, of Pennsylvania; Na
tional Lecturer Alpha Mrsser, of Ver
mont: John T. Cox, of New Jersey; S,
H. Ellis, of Ohio; Henry O. Dcvrles, of
Maryland: J. J. Woodman, of Michi
gan; Overseer Aaron Jones, of Indiana,
and Mrs. J. J. Woodman, of Clchlgan.
The report was adopted by a rising vote.
The services closed at 4.30 o'clock.
Pennsylvania .Monuments Dedicated.
Governor Hustings and Stalf nnd
Commander-in-Chief Gobln Arc
Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 14. Gover
nor Daniel 11. Hastings of Pennsylva
nia and his staff, and Commander-in-Chief
J. P. S. Gobln, of the Grand Army
of the Republic, with his staff, arrived
here yesterday morning on a special
train and proceeded at once to Look
out Inn. Many special trains loaded
with Pennsylvnnlans arrived yesterday
with several thousand veterans. The
occurrences eif yesterday were the
regimental dedications uf monuments.
The survivors ot the legiments en
gaged In the Chlckamaugn battle gath
ered nreiund the monuments erected In
their honor nnd dedicated them with
appropriate exercises. These consisted
principally of addresses, music and un
veiling ceremonies. At 12 o'clock the
monument of the Seventh Pennsylva
nia Volunteer Cavalry, near Jay's saw
mill, was dedicated. The oration was
delivered by Major James G. Vale. The
Seventy-ninth regiment monument, on
Kelley's ileld.wus dedicated at 1 o'clock.
The oration was delivered by K. K.
.Martin. The Seventy-seventh and Fif-
p teenth Pennsylvania monuments were
dedicated at 2.30 o'clock.
At 1 o'clock the survivors of the Seventy-eighth
Pennsylvania held a re
union on Lookout mountain. The re
ception at the Auditorium furnished
entertainment for all visitors. The
Fifth Regiment band, ordered to Chat
tanooga few the occasion, furnished
Uih music. Governor Hastings, Gen
eral Gobln and others delivered ad
dresses.' Goernor Hastings was ipdispose-d te
dav and was not able to attend Hie
two regimental dedications which oc
curred .it the National Chiekrimaugai
park this afternoon. The governor Is
not seriously ill, but had contracted a.
slight cohl, which it was feared might
be nggravatpd by ventuting viut into
the rather chilly atmosphere that pre
vailed this afternoon anil early evenlng.
The monument of the Seventy-eighth
I regiment Is a handsome one and Is lo
jcated near the Kelly house, at a point
'where the hottest flshting In the fa
I mous battle occurred. The monument
I was formally dedicated nt " o'clock this
, afternoon, Colonel HIukeK'y, president
t of the Pennsylvania battlefield com
! mission, pre sitting. The oration war de
i live-red by Colonel R. P. Scott, presi
dent of the Siventy-elghth regiment
Nearly two hundred' survivois of the
famous command were present. The
Twenty-sixth Pennsylvania battery
monument was also dedicated this af
teinoejn, Lieutenant RlU-hle, of Pitts
burg, being the orator of the occa
sion. The following regimental monuments
will be dedicated tomorrow between the
hours of 8 and 11 o'clock:
Twenty-seventh' and Forty-sixth, at
Orchard Knob, the Ninth, on Chlck
nmaug.i battlefield; Twenty-eighth,
One Hundred and Forty-seventh.Twen-ty-mlnth
and One Hundred and Elev
enth, on Lookout mountain.
The general dedication of all the
Pennsylvania monuments t.i be par
ticipated In by Governor Hastings nnd
the Pennsylvania commissioners will
occur tomorrow .afternoon. General II.
V. Hoynton, president of the Cliir-k-amauga
commission, will receive the
monuments on the part of the commit
tee nnd the secretary of war.
DR. M'VICKAR'S CALL.
Wilt Doubtless Hcooinn llisbop Co
adjutor of Rhode Island Diocese.
Philadelphia, Nov. U.-ltev. Dr. V. 1.
McVlckar, of Holy Trinity Kplsccpal
church, today announced his Intention of
accepting the call from the Rliod" Is
land diocese to become bishop coadjutor
of that elloces". Th announc -mc nt wns
made to Dr. McVLkai's cong.vgatio.. by
Rev. Hcnjamlli Wa'sor.. the- former l-rlrg
out of town. In .i lctt" from Dr. Mc
Vlckar he said it would hi weeks and
1 erliups months bcfo.' tin would be re
quired to enter upon hlJ nrw )Md.
He has been rector of Holy Trinity
for twenty-two years, and was tho suc
cessor to the late Phillips Rrooks, Ho was
educated In Columbia college, New York,
nnd his first pastorate wus Holy Trin
Utilising Gold (ro in Au-trnlin.
San Francisco, Nov. II. Advices re
ceived In this city nre that the steam
ship Murlposu, from Sydney and ASisk
land. due hero Nov. 18, carries SiW,lM
Ihigllsli sovereigns, eeiual to Jl.&OO.OOl,
consigned to two local banks. Tills is
the fourth shipment In tho last four
months, making the aggregate received
this fall from tho same source about
Osceola, Ark., Nov. 11, Henry Phillips,
alias "Doc." Jones, a negro, a self-confessed
murderer and moonshiner, wns
lynched In the. court yard hero ut mid
night last night by n mob composed ol
prominent citizens of this town and sur
rounding country. The direct cause of
the lynching was the murder of a mer
chant near here by Phillips a few dayj
WHITE'S BOOK ON
MONEY jVND BANKING
A Few Questions and Answers Bearing
Upon tbc Subject.
ADVOCATES AN ELASTIC CURRENCY
Outspoken In 1'avor of tho Retire
ment of Grccntincks-'ltccommciiels
tho Redemption, Retirement nnd
Cnnccllntion of All Legal Tender
Washington, Nov. 14. Mr. Horace
White, whose book upon "Money and
Hanking" has attracted so much at
tention, has submitted some clear-cut
answers to the Interrogatories of the
monetary commission, regarding Im
provements In the currency system ot
the United States. Mr. White is nn
outspoken advocate of the retirement
of the greenbacks und the adoption of
an elastic banking currency based up
on business assets. He declares that
the silver dollars should be redeemed
In gold and that In a financial sense
there Is no difference between tho sev
eral forms of government fiduciary
circulation of which silver dollars nre
a part. "The latter," he declares, "are
metallic greenbacks." He does not be
lieve that the amount of circulation
presented for redemption would be any
greater than ut present If silver were
redei'inable In gold. In answer to the
question regarding the maintenance of
the gold standard, Mr. White says:
"I would recommend the redemption,
retirement and cancellation of all legal
tender notes as a first step. Probably
the silver certificates and silver dollars
would thereafter remain nt par with
gold, like the outstanding' thalers of
Germany would not be presented for
redemption In any considerable
amount, being needed, like the smaller
silver coins, for circulation In retail
trade. After the retirement of the
legal tender notices we should be able
to see better what to do next."
"Question For the purpose of facili
tating the use of existing silver cur
rency, what do you recommend as the
smallest denomination of United States
notes and bank notes which should be
put In circulation?"
Answer "Ten dollars at flist: but
this should be made a matter of ex
periment, the object being to deter
mine the dimensions of the field of cir
culation which will absorb the silver
currency, leaving the rest te bank
In regard to the legal tender notes,
Mr. White's responses are as follows:
(question On what grounds, if any,
woulel you favor the gradual but entire
withdrawal of the treasury -notes, ot ihW
and of the United States' notes V
Answer On the ground that there Is no
certainty, and can be no certainty, that
the government will always redeem thtm
in gold. Redemption or non-redemption
is a .political Lssuo to be fought over In
elections, ami inu.-t remain so as long
as this kind of paper is outstanding. Mere
uncertainty Is alwajs a drawback to business-
prospeilty. Failure eif redemption
would be bankruptcy, public ami private.
ejue-stton If it shall lit decided to retire
the United .State? notes, now can it be
done without uddiug to our bonded debt?
Answer By e-ancellng all that aro re
ceived at the treasury for taxes or pre
sented for redemption, or all so received
oxer and above the government's m-c-ersary
FOR A SlJPPL'V OK CASH.
Question How In that case can provis
ion bo made for maintaining an ade
quate amount ot currency available for
purposes of bi'slnoss'.'
Answer Provision will lie made auto
matically In various ways, viz.:
1 By ictainlng tho gold produced by
our own mines.
2 Uy Importing gold from aboard.
3 Ry the lssuo of national bank noti.
Prior to the civil war tho government
pave Itself no concern about providing
currency for purpot.es- of business, yet
tho supply was never deficient.
ijuestlon If It lie tnoughl inexpedient
to fund the United States notes, how ca-i
they be redeemed with an asuranco that
bank eurrenej will take their plae-c?
Answer The assurance Is fnuuil In the
fact that every case where a currency
vacuum has existed It has been tilled by
bank notes. Th's was the case in the
panic of 1893. Tho process of taking out
notes might bo made more oxpeditlo is.
That Is a matter of machinery and legal
regulation. It is perfectly certain that if
there is a profit in issuing bank circula
tion, it will be lSMiie-d. If there- Is no prollt
In It, we mut conclude either that the
law needs amendment, or that the ele
niand for currency Is slight.
Mr. White believes that In process of
time it will not be possible to rely up
on national bonds as security for bank
notes Issues, because of the extinction
of the public debt. In reply to the
question whether any safe und prac
ticable plan can be devised for using
other securities he says that he thinks
not. "I should not like to be charged
with the responsibility of selecting the
securities or choosing between the dif
ferent kinds offered."
He believes that fifty per cent, of the
paid up and unimpaired capital of the
bank should be the limit of tho note
Issues anil that n cash reserve should
lie held for tho redemption of notes,
"the same as now provided by law for
deposits, viz.: 25 per cent. In reserve
cities and 15 per cent, elsewhere, with
the right to keep three-fifths of said
15 per cent, in tho reserve cities. There
lsi no difference between deposit liabil
ities and note liabilities, so far as tho
bank Itself Is concerned and no reason
why the reserve should be greater or
less for tho one than the other. The
lesorve should consist of gold, and
should be In the vaults of the bank or
In a clearing house depository,"
Dr. Allen Deuel.
Philadelphia, Nov. l.-Harrison Allen,
M. D., emeritus professor of compara
tive anatomy In tho medical school of tho
University of Pennsylvania, died sudden
ly today of what It believed to havo been
heart disease. About 2 o'clock ho dined
with is family, and was In a cheerful
mood. Before tho meal was Ilnlshcd, how
ever, ho went to Ho down in another
room. Later he called for his wlfo and
was assisted up stutrs. A physician was
summoned, but Dr. Allen expired aoon
afterwards. About a year ago Dr. Allen
was operated on for nppondlcltls.
Patrolman in Jail.
New York, Nov. 14. Patrolman Joseph
T. Dermody is in Jail tonight charged with
stealing a watch from Moses Arbronsky,
a restaurant kee!er. The hitter declares
that Dermody. In full uniform, entered
the restaurant today and omanded CO
re-nts nnd on being rofusenl seized Arbron
Eky's watch and ran awuy,
BISHOP OP MAJORCA DEAD.
lie Excommunicated Honor J. Nav
Madrid, Nov. 14. Tho bishop of the
diocese of Majorca, Balearic Isles, who
last September excommunicated Sonor J.
Navarro Reverter, minister of finance In
tho cabinet of General Marcelo de Azcar
raga, for nn alleged conversion of church
property to governmental uses, Is dead,
Tho act of excommunication nbovo
mentioned, with tho friction It entailed
between tho ecclestlcal and political au
thorities was believed at the time to be
a prominent factor in hastening the fall
of theAzcarraga ministry, which resigned
on Sept. 23 Inst. The bishop of Mnjorca
Issued tho decree of excommunication In
dellanco of the order of the archbishop
to tho contrary, and It was read In all
tho churches of tho diocese on Sept. 19.
Influential prelates, however, approved
tho course of the bishop; und their atti
tude In the matter, being absolutely op
posed to that of all the members of tho
cabinet who appealed to the pope against
the decree through the papal nuncio at
Madrid, raised a complicated Issue. The
cabinet relied upon the dictum of tho
nuncio that tho bishop had no Jurisdic
tion over tho minister, and upon his fur
ther assurance that the pope would un
eloubtedly censuro the bishop. Tho fact
that the latter was a notorious sym
pathizer with tho Carllst movement
greatly aggravated the situation. Hvent
ually the Vatican Informed tho Spanish
government that the church would not
withdraw the excommunication until it
should be provtd that the property al
leged to have been confiscate!! did not
be-long to the church.
Tlio ot .Murderers Who Had Hecn
Granted Now Trials by the Su
premo Court Are Ilnngcil by u Mob.
nismxirck, N. D., Nov. 14. Alexander
Coudot, Indian half breed. Paul Holy
track und Philip Ireland, full blood
ed Indians, the llrst of whom was sent
enced to death for the murder of six
membeis of the Spicer family last Feb
ruary, and has Just been granted a
new trial by tho Supreme court, and
the latter two self-confessed accessor
ies In the murder, were taken from the
county Jail In Emmons county last
night nnd lynched by a mob. The
lynching had been apparently coolly
planned, anil was carried out without
a break In the programme. Sudden and
swift retribution wus ineted out by the
mob to the murderers,
Willlamsport, where the hanging took
place, Is about forty miles from this
e-ity and off the railroad. The news of
the hanging was received here this af
ternoon by a mounted messenger. The
sheriff of the county, Peter Shier, was
In this city at the lime the hanging
occurred, and It was to him that the
messenger brought word. The men hud
been under the custody of Deputy Sher
iff Tom Kelly, and they were taken
fiom under his control liy tho mob and
hanged to a beef windlass several hun
dred yards from the Jail, where their
bodies were still swinging to tho
breeze during the entire day, the cor
oner having rot yet arrived, and no
one else volunteered lo cut fhem down.
There were about forty men concerned
in the lynching. They rode into Wil
llamsport on horseback late at night
and tethered their horses a short dis
tance from the city, that they might
secure them again as speedily as neces
sary after the deed was done. The
jail in which the prisoners were con
lined is a substantial stone structure
and was In charge of Deputy Sheriff
Thomas Kelly. Since the confinement
of the prisoners so great has been the
fear that they might escape in some
way that one man has watched nil
night within the Jail and last night
Kelly was on watch. There was a
meeting of the lodge of Woodmen In a
mlldlng near the Jail, and us Kelly
was n member he expected to meet
Mome of the members of the lodge uf
ter the meeting had adjourned. To
while away the time during the night
hours he was playing solitaire In front
of the cells In which the niurdereis
THE HORSE SHOW.
.Vow York's Hig Society Hvcnl.
Thirteenth Annual I'xliibitiou.
Now York, Nov. It. The New York
hor-'o show will begin tomorrow In Madi
son S-quaro garden. This will bo the- thir
teenth of the ai.nual exhibitions held un
der the ausolcrs of the National Horse
Show association. As usual, It is ex
pected to lie the chief social event of tho
season In the metropolis. The standard of
horsotlesh exhibited will lie fully as good
as in past years. In fact, from a spec
tacular point of view the show promises
to be the best ever given, as tho entries
aro not only stronger In numbers, but arc
materially strengthened all the way
through by the quality of the exhibits
and the closeness with which they com
pjre. As usual, the thoroughbred classes
are light, but the trotting classes have
111 led well.
There are over l.BtO entries this year.
Last year there were only 1.3. There is
hardly a prominent horse owner who will
rot bo somewhere represented on the cat
alogue. The arena boxes havo been sold toe tho
week to leaders of fashion, anil the appli
cation for seats has been as heavy us
Karl Hnesftr Deuel.
Washington, Nov. H. Karl Roeser. a
well known German-American Journalist,
died hero today in the elghty-sevonth year
of his age. Mr. Roeser was one of tho
founders of the Republican party in Wis.
consin. He had spent tho later years of
his life in this city.
Sigunrn Verdi Dend.
Rome, Nov. 14. Slgnora Verdi, wdfe of
the composer, (iulscppl Verdi, now In her
eighty-fourth year, Is dead.
TJIli NEWS THIS 3L0HMNU.
Weather Indications Today!
General Postmaster General Gary's
Y. W. C. A.'s Two Ihisy Days.
Horace White an Money und Rank
ing. acneral Blanco's Edicts.
Foot Ball Games of a Day.
Local Rev. Dr. C. 13. Robinson's
Tenth Anntversay Sermon,
Comment of tho Press.
Local Teacher Institute Arrange
ments. Local West Hldo and Suburban,
Lackawanna County News,
Neighboring County Happenings,
Large Amount of Busi
ness Transacted by
TALK TO CITY WORKERS
Delivered by Mrs. James
Boyd of Harrisburg.
.Miss Hills, of This City. Spoke in nn
Interesting Wny of tho Necessity of
Physlcnl Kxcrelsc-OIrs, W. I).
Kennedy's Pnper on Educational
Clnsscs--,Miss iOlinboth Doersani
Gave n Delightful Address oh
"What Northfield Did lor .Mo and
Jly Associntioii"--Yctcrd!iy's Ser
vices. Special to the Scranton Tribune.
Wllkes-Harre, Nov. 14. Saturday
was the most Interesting day of
the Y. W. C. A. convention. Mrs.
Uucknian presided as usual. Miss
Florence Weir conducted the devo
tional service, nfter which reports of
associations were heard. These were
not only Interesting, but most encour
aging. Miss I-:. K. Price, of Chicago, then
spoke on the work of the international
committee. Miss Price Is one of the
favorites of the convention. Attractive
In personality, and charming In her
manner of speech, she Is heard with
much pleasure. She will be In Scran
ton next Sunday und will probably
speak In one of the churches, besides
giving a talk at the association rooms.
In her address of yesterday she gave
Interesting data regarding the com
mittee's work, the headquarters of
which are In Chicago, There are r,9
city and 2S0 college associations con
nected with It. She spoke of tho
"Evangel," the organ of the associa
tion, which has been discontinued, but
which will again be published at tho
beginning of the" year. A training In
stitute for secretaries and Bible stu
dents will be held In New York In
Mrs. Norvell gave her flnaL talk on
Blb'r study, which was characterized
by the eloquence and personal mag
netism always noticed In her dis
courses. AFTERNOON SESSION.
At the afternoon session In the col
lege conference. Miss Ina Hanna. of
Westminster college, rend an excellent
paper on the value of a Y. W. C. A.
room: How to secure It. Miss Price
spoke on personal work for Christ and
Mrs. G. K. Wilbur, of Illoomsburg.
read a paper, in which was earnestly
expressed the ideas of "Christ-like
Lives in Dally Work."
Mrs. James Royd, of Harrlsburg, ad
dressed the' city workers nn "The Mis
sion of a Iioaiel Manager." Sirs. K. J,
Salchell, eif Lancaster, gave u line pa
per on "The Mission of the Hoard
in the general meeting Miss Emma
Mooio, of Harrlsburg. lead a charm
ing paper on "Association Hospital
ity." The reports of the educational ih--partments
were, perhnps. the most In
teresting features of the convention.
It Is pleasing to state that three Scran
ton ladles, Mrs. W. D. Kennedy, MNs
Kntherlne Hills and Miss Margaret
Janileson, gave napers which came in
for rather more praise than the otheti.
excellent as they all were. Miss Hills,
of the physical department of tl-e
Scranton Y. W. C. A., spoke on "Tho
Necessity for Physical Exercise." She
spoke of the loss of will power and the
consequent detraction to personal ap
pearance; the wrong positions that be
came habitual and the need of taking
certain exercises to remedy these de
fects. ARE OMINOFS SIGNS.
The disease of 'Amerlcnultes," as
the nervous affections of our people
are often railed, may be obvlnteil by
this means. The thriving of insan
asylums and nervous prostration sani
tariums aie ominous signs In till"
country and should be given attention.
It is often heard "My daughter Is too
delicate or too nervous to take gym
nasium work," when that Is precisely
what she should take to overcome the
delicacy of constitution. Gymnasium
work Is a part of the school curriculum
In Germany, France and Mexico, and
It is well Indeed that school boards of
America nre beginning to consider the
matter of adopting a general system.
Mrs, W D. Kennedy gave an excel
lent paper on "Educational Classes."
In the course of which she said:
If the question should be asked by som
one not familiar with the work of the
Young Women's Christian association.
Why have educational classes?
Wet would ii'i'ly: To awaken and de
ve.cp the lnlcllcctiinl life of yemng wo
men, to meet their desires and needs, end
as In all other departments, to open an
avenue for spiritual work.
A carefully sele-cted odueationa! com
mittee must have a general supervision
of the work. On this committee there
should be some having experience) as ed
ucator. It is also well to have others
with time and willingness to visit thn
students nt their homes, thus by person
al acquaintance with them, becoming In
terested In and better understanding their
A special fitness Is required by the
chalrniau of this committee". She should
bo thoroughly In earnest, havo good ex
ecutive ability, and last, though not least,
a liberal supply of Christian grace) ami
SUCCESS OF CLASS WORK.
Tho success of tho class work will de
pent! very largely on tho superintendent
of tho classes nnd her teachers. Tho
superintendent will need not only Intel
lectual ability, but she should havo a
sympathetic nature and Christian tact.
Tho teachers should thoroughly know
and also be uble to teach their subjects.
(.Contlm-cd, on I'ajjQ 2.1 - .