Newspaper Page Text
THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE-SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, 1890.
i The Stand
Julius UaRloy wns an Australian by
birth, and was to aggressively IlrltlBh
for any sot on thin continent vest of
Canada. It will readily Ik- seen,
therufotu, what u inlsluki. I'mvldeni'e
made In assigning lilm to San Frun
clsro. Why ho was not a popular man U
an rnlgmn. neer yet solved by friend
of his or enemy, for he was wonder
fully well read, clover and hospitable
He wan a clean man, too wonder
fully particular about his appearance
clean morally, we were grudgingly
obliged to admit, an well ua clean phy
sically. When It In announced thnt
h" was a trifle Ixdow tlvo feet live. In
holfiht. It Is finite unnecessary to add
that In older to make the most of his
Inches he ever stood npon end like a
bantam cock, uiid habitually wore a
pot hat In preference to anything
In happy moments he cited history
t.j prove that Intellect lodged from
choice In undersized men. Napoleon
was u favorite with him.
He belonged to the proper club down
town, and played cards, admirably, but
pmsessed such a vicious knowledge of
w hat was correct play that never .in
acquaintance of his breathed who
would be Ragley's partner of his own
Milltlon. He was unpleasant when he
liint, to be sure; but he was no par
ticularly disagreeable when he won
that those whom fate provided to bo
bis purl iters Invariably succumbed to
a reprehensible desire of lrwlnij the
game for hint.
Another vice of his was that he never
bee nine generally Intoxicated. Drink he
did. and sometimes hard, but Us effect
:is to render hltn more Itrltons-never-
lll-be-slavcs-y. and more anxious to
improve upon his height than "ver.
Moreover, nn extra glass was apt to
bring to his nbnormnlly good memory
some dead and buried rules of whist,
over which our games mostly broke up
in heated and unfriendly discussions.
Nor did he get on well with women.
He was so prone to construe every re
mark of thelra Into something personal
and derogatory to his dignity, and to
answer It sneerlngly ns such, that Ins
and they had 111 times of It together.
Poor devil I he tried to be amiable and
fascinating, that 1 knew, t sometimes,
f.-lt sorry for him. When ho had some
particularly hard dig, he would ease
bis tension by blowing off to us the
bad training of American women. They
ill'ln't know their place. They had too
much to pay In outside affairs stupid
suv, too. They were allowed to be Im
pudent from their youth up. Their
parents wore to blame, and their hus
"For heaven't- sake. Hag. whv don't
iu mairy. and show us what ought to
ie done'."' growled voting (iiosvenor
I intend to," answered Oauley. "t
Intend to marry a woman with no dash
ed notions of independence. If 1 can
liiid such a one In this free (dashed
fi"e) soil of yours. If she can't read
ii'-r write, so much the better, so many
less the chances of her wasting her
time and getting Into trouble. All u
woman wants to know is how to cook
well, and how to mind her own busi
ness, and keep things tidy."
'Fine ipialillcatlons for a house
l.eeper, but say. Bag, would you llud
sueh a woman the brightest of com
P.mlous?" Companions stuff! A man's com
panions should be men." he announced
blatantly, rearing his pompadour. He
wore it extra long, so u not to depend
ntlrely upon bis boot heels for addi
" 'Who drives fat oxen should him
self be fat.'" spouted Cirosvenor. pull
ioc himself out.
We wore uneasy lest thlu might pro
tnkii a squall, but Julius Uagley had
a grasp on the subject that Interested
him, and he was loath to let It go for
the common occupation of taking of-
"When a man provides a woman with
a homo and food anil clothes ho has
tv right to expect obedience from her."
he resumed stildentl. "Hut If nhe is
allowed several years' lllng, as' your
girls are, he aln'l going ro get It from
her. Worse than all. a man really nev
er can be sure of what he lias niar
iled. so schooled are women from In
fancy In keeping their bad traits from
cropping out. The safest lhliigs to do
is to pick out some neglected, modest
gill and train her. Teach her your
ways, so that there will be no clashing
of wills, no family jars. Jly wife shall
have had no 'experience' before 1 mar
"Hut you'll keep her bountifully sup-
A HELPLESS CHILD.
A weak anil rmnv child is
' almost ns much abandoned
to its fute as if it was
left alone on n cliim-
liev.ton. It isicmlnled
from the healthy enjoyments
of its little fellow-beings. It
cannot partake either o? their
piny or their bturdy work
and progress in the world ;
iw wiujc mi; is uinuuiercu oy
incapacity and weakness.
Any woman who expects
to become u mother ought to
know what Dr. Tierce's Fa
vorite Prescription will do
lioth for her own health and
safety during her time of trial
and also to insure her in be
queathing a fair measure of
health and strength to the
jHI prospective little one.
-JlTI " Some months before my baby
--i5-IJ came I found niytelf in rapidly
f"l failing health." write Mr. W. .
l Kidder, of Hilt Dale I'arm (Knot
burg Center). Kuostmrg, Vt., in a Rrateful letter
to Dr. U. V. Pierce, of tluffalo. N. Y. " I lutfcred
dreadfully from tiloatloif and urinary difficulty.
1 wa growiug perceptibly weal.tr every day and
Buffered much sharp pain at times. I felt that
something must be done. I sought your advice
and received a prompt reply. I followed your
directions and took twelve bottles of Dr. l'lcrce's
and) also followed your
instruction:. I began
to Improve immedi
ately, my health be
and I could do
all my own work
(we live on a
food tiled farm),
rode all I could,
and enjoyed it.
1 had h short
eay confinement M.fcJ
aud have a healthy t-w
baby boy." '
There never ha een a remedy in the
history of medicine that has done what this
marvelous " Favorite 1'rescription " has
accomplished for weak, ailing women.
It's an insult to your intelligence for a
dealer to attempt to palm off upon you a
substitute for this world. famed medicine.
You kitoxv what you want. It's his business
to meet that want. When he urges some
substitute he's thinking of the larger profit
he'Utuake not of your welfare.
at Bagley's. 1
piled afterward, eh." drawled tiros
"What do you mean?" demanded
Hagley ferociously of nil of us, whom
he surprised grinning covertly ut each
Wo hastened to explain that nobody
meant anything In the least and stuck
to the lie till It saved us, but neverthe
less we held privately to the opinlin
that Uagley was Just the man to vent
upon a wife and family all those petty
brutalities of temper and speech that
good m miners obliged him to veneer In
That summer he spent a month In the
mountains at a thlid-rate hotel kept by
a miserable little Frenchman. Wo
couldn't discover any attractions about
the place, but Uagley assured us that
the llshlng was good. In the fall he
went up there again, and on his return
to the city he announced that he was
married. He married the Innkeeper's
daughter, brought her to the city, and
went promptly Into housekeeping.
If 1 confess that we were simply
wild to see what sort of u woman he
hud married, I state the case mildly.
Our fever of expectation was aggra
vated by a fear that she might be such
a dowdy Ignorant thnt very pride would
keep him from Inviting us to his house.
Hut we didn't know hltn. Matrimony,
the first month of It, brought all his
good points to the surfnee, and he one
day Invited OrcAVennr and me up to
dinner with such honest hospitality
nnd enjoyment tnat very shame
prompted us to refuse. Hut we went.
The house was a cozy little box, pret
tily furnished (Haglev was thrifty),
and Mis. Hagley fairly captivated us.
Not that she was ravlngly beautiful,
for she was not; but she was very
pwect-looklns. and slim, and shy, and
appallingly young. She couldn't have
been over seventeen Phe hardly spoke
a word of KngllFh, either, but she did
the honors of the house so charmingly,
and showed herself so Infatuated with
everything Julius said, or did. or
thought, that we went away that night
actually pleased with Julius ourselves.
Of course we called again and again;
but bit by bit, as always happens, we
began io see behind the scenes a great
deal. As the newness of the situation
wore off traoes of Julius' real self
showed through, and began to make af
For one thing, he shamefully took ad
vantage of her ignorance of Fugllsh to
badger her into making exciting mis
takes, at which he would roar loudlv.
and the pour little thine would laugh
too aud pretend to be as pleased as
pigs herself, In spite of the tell-tale
Hood of color that would rise up to her
Her name was Desiiee, but he said It
was too a big a mouthful and called her
Sarah "for short." She smilingly beg
ged hltn to call her Dalsv If he object
ed to Deslree, but Sarah he stuck to,
anil Saruh It was, except when an ex
tra stiess of bad tenipei piovolo,l him
Deslree (for so we got lo calling her
In defiance ,c Hagley) was Indeed Ig
norant. Shu scarcely could do more
than sign hor own name, but her Ig
norance bad been forced upon bei for
she was the most intelligent little lady
I ever met. The way she began to pick
up lufoi motion from the papers mid
the (lulckness with which she mastered
the language was simply marvelous.
Wo used to play cards up at Hagley's
until 12 and I o'clock and little Deslree
would get so sleepy that she would al
most tumble out of her chair, but Uag
ley would not let her go to bed. He
must have represented to her that It
would oe an Insult to her gueMs, or so
we Judged from a chance remark of
the little woman's, and we made up our
minds to clear out at 10. We did It
once, but on the occasion of our follow
ing visit she begged us to stay so pa
thetically and cast such Imploiing
glances toward her husband that we
felt sure he had blown her up for driv
ing us away. So, of course, we stayed.
After a few months Uagley got tired
of showing off his wife and began to
tialn her. The Hist public exhibition
of his method occurred on Independ
ence Day. (Jrosvenor and I had gone
up to Uagley's to take hlin and Mrs.
U. to an olllcew" dinner at Presldo.
Desiiee came into ibe room all smiles
aim blushes. She wore a brand new
dress, and her hair, which was ordin
arily combed straight back from her
! foiehead, was banged and banged pro-
! fusely. Sho looked radiantly pretty.
and knew It, and turned her glowing
face to Hagley for approbation. He
scowled, and replied:
"The next time you saw off your
hair consult me. When you have gone
Into that room nnd brushed that fuzz
off your face I'll take you out with
me, not before."
It was her llrst act of Independence,
In honor of the day perchance, and he
resolved to nip it at once.
The color that deserted Deslree's l'aco
must have crept Into mine, for I felt It
"Don't you like it Julius?" she asked,
with a catch In her voice, but smiling
bravely at us, as If she enjoyed her
lord's little eccentricities.
"No! I don't like it. Let me know It
you nro going to do as I ask or not,
because time presses."
"I am afraid eet will look valry funny
combed back. It ees so short. Just to
day Julius, please." Sho looked at him
anxiously, with a nervous dread of his
refusal, which made Qrosvenor and
me want to kick ourselves for seeing,
Hagley hung up his hat, sat down os
tentatiously, and opened a paper. The
courageous little woman stood ner
vously In the middle of the Hour and
tried It again.
"Will you not let mo go out wlz you
unless I comb it my hnlr back, Julius
"Either do as I tell you, or don't do
It!" answered ho angrily, turning upon
her fiercely, "but not a, too do you go
looking ns you do! Understand that."
A look of outraged dignity displaced
tho entreaty on her face, and I was
filled for a moment with unholy Joy.
expecting sho would rebel, but she did
the wisest thing, perhnps. in turning
to tiroxvenor and me, und saying
"Wnlt for men. moment, please; eet
will not tnko but n lit' whllo to malto
a, scalrrcrrow of myself!"
Uagley wisely wrapped himself In his
paper nnd never showed his noso above
It until Deslrco camo back looking
sweet and demure enough ,vlth her
pretty curls, but lacking overy tract of
her former radiance und coquetry.
This scene was the first nt many oth
ers, und In all of them Deslree showed
tho samo sweetness nnd extroardlnnry
submission. Uagley was wlso In marry
ing a Catholic; no Protestant would
have put up with his airs and graces
so uncomplainingly: but It was easy to
see that us times passed she bore with
him more nnd more front principle nnd
less and Icis from love.
For a while our visits censed, nnd
when wo resumed them Mrs. Hagley
had a wee bundle In her nrms, which
she crooned nnd cooed over with over
Increasing delight. Hagley grow more
barbaric, too, and showed off his son
and heir with a pride that nlmost re
Then n new set of persecution began.
The little bundle would be put to bed,
nnd Its mother would bo forced to leave
It nnd pit by her husband's side to
listen to how he was going to bring up
"My boy shall run In the streets ns
soon its he can stand. 1 won't have any
women molly-coddling hltn." Or "My
pon Is going to be a Man. I won't have
him fall Into tho clutches of the Cath
olic church, or of tho Kpiicopal church,
either. One psnlm-mumblor about the
house Is enough." And the poor womnn
would murmur "Yes. Julius," or "No,
Julius," and grow pale nnd nervous,
and smile nil of the time feebly, to
show what a perfect nnd loving under
standing existed between her husband
Once her baby cried, and she started
up to go to it, but Hagley made her
sit still, and hold forth on a new sub
ject. "Worst ninnagement in the world to
take a child up the minute It cries!
It puts a premium on fus and dis
turbance. Let Is cry."
"Hut Julius, liable Is valry yoong yet.
Oh, leesten to the poor Rweethonrt!
Julius, It hurts me to hear that liable
"Just stay where you are. No baby
Is too young to learn obedience. It
you begin to pamper It you'll never
leave off. I know what I'm about,
Sarah. Let it cry, I tell you.
So Deslree sat and listened to the
walls, and dug her hands Into each
other, and kept her strained face
turned toward the door until the feeble
Utile voice trailed off Into a melan
If ever woman was tortured In this
nineteenth century of progress and en
lightment that woman was little
Sarah Hagley: and we friends of hers
respected her as we did a martyr. Iler
courage was superb. Iler's was no fool's
submission. She had temper enough
Hashing In her dark eyes to give way
to If she felt It right to do so; but,
you see, she was very young, and con
scious to a certain Inferiority to her
husband and I supposo Hagley wan the
first man that had ever paid her any
attentions: so many causes combined
piompted her to a plan of subjection
and obedience as heroic as anything I
had ever seen.
If he had only treated her with actual
violence wo could have knocked him
down and bad It out with him; but
as matters went we were powerless to
Hagley was fond of his wife and
proud of her, especially of her clever
ness a eitiallty that he had formerly
under-ruted In women but he was
treating her like a dog, actually break
ing her In, as he would an animal.
The Lord knows how she stood It. lie
went his strongest when any of us
were nrouiid, Just to demonstrate that
he lived up to his precepts. Per
haps he felt safer when we were by,
for a wife will put up with loads for
We would have cut the man at tho
very start had we not felt that we
showed ourselves truer friends of De
slree's by sticking to hltn.
He was proud of his methods, and ho
never tired of ..oldlng forth on what ho
would have done In such and such circumstances.
lluiiDaru s a rooi: lie said one
evening at the club, when we llnlshed
telling him the last retort of Hubbard's
high-mopping better half. A fool! 1 1
wouldn't put up with a thing like that
for a moment." ,
"No?" I asked, sneerlngly. "Tell me I
what you would do?"
"Do I'd smash something. There's
nothing like hurling a cologne bottle i
through a looking glass for stopping;
any woman's tongue. I've elone It, and '
l'oor little Desiiee! We didn't doubt ,
It, not one of us.
"C'omo home to dinner with me," he !
continued, affably. "Sarah has been
wondering where you have been hiding
1 had been keeping away for a fact.
Tho truth Is I was fairly sick of the
scones up at Uagley's. and half angry
with DtHlree for putting up with them.
Hut hers was not the nature that rebels,
and I hud kept away for nearly thre'e
"Come along," urged Uagley.
"Hut, man." 1 expostulated, "it's 8
o'clock. They'll never keep dinner for
you all this time."
"Won't they? Come and see!" and
Hagley laughed an Ill-natured laugh,
which told me that his wife had been
trained In many unsuspected direc
tions. It was after 8 o'clock when we ar
rived at his house, und Deslree looked
as nearly angry as I ever saw her.
She looked very pretty, too, and wan
".Most slngulaire tlmo to come homo
for dinner," she remarked promptly.
"We were going to the t'enter, too; did
you forgotten It, tell me?"
"Well, you see, we are not going after
all," he nnswered sourly, for he was
particularly taken back at her recep
tion of him, since he had Invited me
up especially to show me that "din
ner time" was simply whenever he
chose to dine, not before nor after.
She honored me with a laughing w-fcl-cume
when she saw me, nnd then gave
an order to the Chinese servant to
bring In the dinner.
Hagley was In a rotten temper, and
carped at the position of every spoon
on the table. Falling to draw tears
or apologies from his wife ho began
In an overbearing way to make fun of
her appearance, sneered nt her theater
finery, donned for nothing, and oh
Jeeted to some roses In her dress. She
Ignored him with her usual gentle tact
tried to keep up a spirited banter with
me, althought her breast heaved and
her color deepened at his downright
Her calmness merely irritated Julliin
to a frenzy. When the soup came on,
it was naturally only lukewarm, and
llttlo circles of greuse floated on the
surfuco of each plate. The plates were
of fine china, and hand-painted by
Deslree. Shu had evidently had tht'.n
brought on for my benefit.
"Hah!" ejaculated Uagley In a brutal
fury. "I have told you again nnd
HAPPINESS VS, MISERY.
Dr. Charoota Tonlo Tablets, tliecrs.it Par
lsluu remedy, ts n guaranteed euro for t lie
Drink Habit; nlo nervousness and meluu
oboly cuused by over-ludnUouce.
It DfstroyA tfis Appetltj for Alcoholic aud
all lntoxlcutlne Deveraaai. und Ipuvhh mun
as lio uuould be. It cun bo administered V
without tue Knowledge or tue patleut whore
neceSKiirv. Send for Damnhlet.
Win. a Clark. Mb Penn Ave,. Scraaton.l'a. 1
IS IT CURABLE!1
A Question Ofton Asked by Thoso
Afflicted with Pilos.
Is a strained Joint curable? Is local
Inllammatlon curable' Of course, It
properly treated. So Is piles.
People often become nflltctcd with
Idles and ask some old 'chronic" who
hn always persisted In the wrong
treatment and naturally discourages
them by telling them that their ease
They In turn discourage others, nnd
thus a disease that can In every case be
cured by careful nnd skilful handling
Is allowed to snp the energy of thous
ands who might free themselves of the
trouble In a few day..
Pyramid Pile Cure will cure the most
aggravated case of hemorrhoids In an
astonishingly short time. It relieves
the conicsted parts, reduces the tumors
Instantly no matter how large, allays
the Inllnmtnntlon and stops the aching
or Itching nt once.
Thousands who had resorted to ex
pensive surgical operations have been
cured by Pyramid Pile Cure In a num
ber of instances persons who had rpent
months In a hospltnl under n specialist.
It Is u remedy that none need fear to
apply even to the most aggravated,
swollen and inilamed hemorrhoidal tu
mors. If you nro nmicted with this stub
born disease you can master It and
master It quickly.
This remedy Is no longer nn experi
ment, but a mcdlcnl certainty. It Is
manufactured by the Pyramid Drug
Co. of Marshall, Mich.
Druggists sell It at CO cents per box.
It Is becoming the most popular pile
cure this country hns ever known nnd
druggists everywhere nre ordering it
for their customers.
again that I won't drink swill; and I
won't Now, will you remember it?"
Crash! At the question ho had swept
the plate off the table to the lloor.where
It lay in twenty pieces, In a pool of
greasy soup that soaked rapidly into
the rich carpet.
I held my breath. Deslree held hers
also, and looked for one wild, dismayed
moment Into her husband's fiery eyes.
Then she recovered herself.
"You nre rrright," she said, with at
least three r's. "Perfectly rrright. It
ees swill. Dnh!" and without the quiver
of an eyelash alio swept her plate su
perbly into the middle of the room, and
the two greasy pools crept amicably
towards each other. Then she rang
the bell und calmly ordered the Joint to
be brought on.
I must say for Hagley that he knows
when he has gone far enough; he took
Ills cue from his wife, Ignored tho cha
otic messes on the carpet, nnd alloweel
the meal to proceed to a really pleasant
conclusion. Hut he wus simply dumb
struck with surprise. The conversa
tion, ns might be expected, was formal;
and I did most of It which wns nlso
to be expected. Uagley wan aware
that by going Into the crockery busi
ness herself his wife had spiked his
biggest gun. The man was dazed.
Deslree had n blazing color In her
face, and looked dangerous, but she
Invited us to the parlor after ehS3ert
with the suavity of a duchess, and
never weakened once, not even when
the distant tinkling of soup pla'o dem
onstrated that the work of reconstruc
tion was going on In the .lining room.
I was really afraid to leave the house:
so I swallowed my objections to him as
a man and a brother, and played chess
At 10 o'clock, as was his wont, young
Julius woke up and howled. After a
period of Irresolution his mother rose.
"Sarah," began Uagley. with an om
nlous polish of tone, "sit down. Let
him yell himself to sleep. It's good
This last argument destroyed tho
"Stuff!" said Deslree, with a line np
propilatlon of her husband's rnvorlte
ejaculation. "If it ees good for him to
yule. It ees bettr.Ir for him to be at
tended on," and she very decidedly
left the room.
It was but five minutes' work for me
lo I'heeltin.'ite after this, and, after the
achievement I made a frantic and suc
cessful attempt to get out of the house.
I was no longer afraid of tho madame.
In her young eyes was the strong dawn
of a rtsolve to defy church nnd state,
und get a finger In her own pie nt
last. Ami she did.
1 told the tale all over Sun Fran
cisco Vou can't Imagine how pleased
Uagley's friends were. Wo rallied
around little Saivih to a man. and.
Inking advantage of a month's absence
eif Uagley's Hie was sent oi, business
by his firm), we took her and on aunt
eif Julius' to many amusements, and
cheered her up, and did ome training
em our own accounts In two days'
time the bang renppcurtl double the
quantity of It, too.
That was several months ago. She
snubs Hagley now as often as he needs
It, and never turns a hair. She Isn't
half as sweet as sho used to be, but
Lord! who could expect It? We often
wonder where her shy submission hns
all gone to, and have como to tho con
clusion that in year and a half of quies
cence she was merely getting her
bearings, and allowing tho hind to Ho
fallow for u fine harvest later on.
She has found her tongue at last, has
got a grip on tho language, and rattles
away with twice the volubility of nn
Kngllshwomnn, and with a liner stock
Hagley Is Just nowhere when he be
gins to nrguo with her, for she has a
Jilmblo wit, which invariably turns the
laugh on him, even when sho Is In the
Wrong and knows It.
When she gets tired now, sho goes to
bed. On cold nights, she thinks noth
ing of enjoying the warmth of the par
lor ns long as possiblo by putting up
her bangs in curl-papers under the
very eyes of thu Queen's subject. Once
or twice she has overturned our hnnds
at whist and ynwnlngly sent us home.
She Is really a little spitfire; but who
can blamo her? it sho hadn't been
curbed to tho kicking point, she'd bo
trotting along ns good as gold to this
We uphold her humid, as it were, and
egg her on, and the fun Is Immense.
Hut the trouble Is, this sort of thing
Is so npt to end In divorce. Marion
Hill, in Overland Monthly.
' i -
Dewoy at Manila Did Not Stop
uaitio to Get Breakfast.
From tho Syracuso Poht-Stanilard.
Joseph L. Stlckney, tho New York
Herald correspondent who was with
Dewey at Manila nnd who sent to
his newspaper tho story of the battle i
In which n cessation of tho fighting by i
the Amorlcnn ships wns ascribed to
Commodoro Dewey's orders to stop
twenty minutes for breakfast, gives
in ino current Harper's Magazine an
other version of tho story.
Mr. Stlcknov nnvn thnt whan ihn ne.
der to cease firing was given nobody
aboard tho Olympln, Dewey's flngshlp,
had any Idea of tho real situation. In
fact the impression there was that the
Americans had gained llttlo or no ad
vantage, and the ship was hauled out
Into tho eipcn bay nt the end of tho fifth
round to tnko stock of ammunition
and devise a new plan of attnek.
The newspaper correspondent acted
ns nn aid to Commodore Dewey during
the engagement, and, when asked by
an Impatient gunner why they were
hnullng off. replied that they were
merely stopping for breakfast. lie
also told Commodoro Dewey thnt ho
intended to attribute the withdrawal
to the samo reason In his dispatches,
which ho did, but now lots the cat out
of tho bag In his magazine article.
The excuse given to the Inquiring
gunner was, however, an actual Inci
dent, nnd, nlong with John Paul Jones
reply, "I havo not yet begun to light,"
when nsked it the Unnhommo Itlchnrd
had struck her colors, and the dying
Lawrence's "Don't give up the ship!"
will go down in history tho patriotic,
though slightly profane, protest of an
unnmed gun captain, "For God's sake
captain, don't let us stop now. To
h 1 with brenktast!"
An Instance of a story wrecked by
truth, It may also pass down the cor
ridors of time with the real I3thnn Al
len at Tlconelerogn. Fixed up in de
corous Kngllsh, tho old hero Is repre
sented to have said to the Urltlsh com
mander that ho demanded surrender
"In the name of the Great Jehovah and
tho Continental Congress." As a mat
ter of fact, tho American, when chal
lenged, said to his antagonist, "Come
out there, you old rat!"
HISTORY OF NEWSPAPERS
Had Tlioir Beginning in Rome Be
fore tho Christian Era Elizabeth
tho First Publisher in England.
From tho London Standard.
The germ of newspapers Is found In
ancient Home. That government, some
two centuries previous to the Christian
era, is known to have promulgated Its
edicts by means of written papers af
fixed to pillars. Nor was there much
difference between tho style of these
acta dlurnla, as they were termed, nnd
that which now prevails, further than
that the former wns more brief and
Hlmple, nnd deficient In Introductory
phrases and the editorial "we." They
generally gave the news or occurrence
In simply lndlcatle sentences without
introduction or comment of any kind.
Most of these ncta, which havo been
preserved, are found to mention but
one or two events. They nre headed
with the date In lloman fashion, and
the name of tho then consul, and para
graphs such as the following formed
the staple: "It thundered, and nn oak
was struck with lightning on that part
of Mount Palatine called Summa Vevia,
early In the afternoon." "Murenn, the
consul, sacrificed early In the morning
In the Temple of Castor and Pollux,
nnd afterward assembled the senate In
Pompey's senate house." "C. Caesar
set out for his government In farther
Spain, having long been detained by
his creditors." It will be observed, too,
that as these announcements were
made at a central part of the city, only
tliotie persons who had leisure to go
thither were able to avail themselves
of the Intelligence In Its nuthentlc
form: so that the utility of such papers
must have been very narrow nnd con
fined. LACK OF IN'FOHMATION.
It is hardly possiblo for us now, with
all the lights of science around, und
the shoals of newspapers with which
wo are supplied, to form a proper no
tion of the darkness which for want of
these Involved the masses of the people
for many centuries, after the fall of the
Hniuan empire, We are told that tho
crusaders wero so ignorant of geog
raphy that nt every town they ap
proached In central Europe they In
quired if It were Jerusalem. When
they nt length reached their destina
tion their exploits would have remained
unknown for years to their relatives
and friends at homo had not at times
some few straggling pllgrlmn found
their way back to the west. Kven bad
news In those days could not, contrary
to the proverb, travel fast. Kvery little
community must then have lived
much within itself. Their own town,
or nt most county, would be tho limit of
their llttlo world.
OHIGIN OF TIIK OAZETTA.
It was not until tho sixteenth century
that anything at all approaching even
to the Scanty Itoinan acta diurnia can
bo found to have revived in tho modern
world. The war which the Venetian
republic waged against the Turks g.ie
rise in lCCa to tho custom of communi
cating tho military aim commercial In
formation In Venice by written sheets,
notlzlc scrltee, to be read in u par
ticular plaeo to those desirous of hear
ing the news, who paid for this privi
lege with a coin no longer in use, called
gazzetta, a name which came in time
to be applied to tho nows-sheet Itself
both In Italy and France, and subse
eiuently In England, when this mode of
imparting news came Into use. The
Venetian government eventually gave
these announcements In n regular man
ner once a month, but they were too
Jealous to ullow them to be printed.
Only a few written copies were trans
mitted to such ns subscribed und paid
for them. Thirty volumes jf these
valuable manuscript newspapers exist
in the Maglla Hechlan library at Flor
ence. About tho same tlmo advertis
ing wants commenced, the father of
Montaigne, the celebrated essayist, be
ing credited with tho suggestion for
making tho wantw of Individuals
known to the public in France. These
were received at ofllces established for
the purpose, and were firstly posted on
the walls of publlo places, receiving tho
names of alllches. In tlmo this led to a
systematic and periodlo publication in
sheets. These wero termed afllches, In
consequence of their contents being
originally fixed up as placards, though
the word Itself Is French for advertise
ment. ELIZAUETH AS A PHHLISHEH.
It Is to England, as represented by
Queen Ellzaboth, that the honor of
commencing printed sheets of public
intelligence is to be ascribed. When
tho Spanish armada threatened nn in
vasion of this country that sage eiuecn,
remarking tho disadvantage of the
vaguo nnd alarming rumorn which cir
culated everywhoro, resolved to Inform
her people truly of the Impending dan
gers. She egan to publish from time
to tlmo a sheet bearing the following
title: "Tho English Merculro. pub
llshcel by authorltle, for the contradic
tion of false reports." Of this publica
tion three copies nro preserved In tho
HrltlBh Museum, tho earliest, No. r.O,
bearing dato the 23d of July, 1CSS, Tho
first article, dated from Whlteall, con
tains advices from Sir Francis Wal
Hlngham that tho armada was seen in
tho channel, making for tho. entrance.
Scranton Store 124
I For Friday and
A sale of women's jackets
A sale of men's furnishings
A sale of fine corsets
. If you need a jacket don't forget that HALF PRICE '
uii yi- u;m tji yuu, no matter now tine a garment you
mno,i t" ' .'' .".V"" !iv"v "":' s---.-yyu ,
V ...y .-..woe,- Hum our siock. for iTiday and Saturday .v
we promise some phenomenal trading here. ;
E $7, $8 and $9 cloth qo
jackets, newest goods, $Zo 70
; Ladies' $1.75 flannel
x waists, special at 98c
, $1.50, others reduced from $1.69
a and $1.7-5, All of them elabo -
X rately trimmed with braid and all
at one remarkable bargain price;
large sizes only. While -.0
7, they last yot
Men's furnishings at just
half the regular price
Our Men's Furnishing Goods Sale was a stunner.
Clearing out all odds and ends in addition to our sale of
regular goods at cut prices. Some prices are less than
one-third the former figure.
JICU'S Silk neckwear Not a lot of old styles or undesirable
patterns, but our entire stock of tecks, four-in-hand and string
ties that have been sold previously at 25c as a special bargain.
Equal values are sold everywhere at 39c. New patterns
and up-to-date colors. Special during this sale I OC
Men's Sl.Ol) colored ShlrlS One grand lot of Men's Col
ored Bosom Shirts, with separate cuffs, in reality our best one
dollat quality in the very newest patterns, all sizes. Cut .
price during this sale 49 C
Men's 50c working slilrls Of colored outing llannel
quite a liberal quantity and nearly all sizes. The clearance sale
price should warrant some extraordinary selling. Never
less than 50c before. Now j&DC
Men's i")0c negligee shirts Very good patterns, and by
all means a better shirt than you can customarily obtain at fifty
cents. Collars and cuffs attached, all sizes. Cut price
while thev last 29 C
Men's $1.50 all-wool drawers Best quality of goods,
never sold for less than $1.50 here or elsewhere. In sizes
50, 42, 44 and 46. A real bargain if you can be fitted.
Cut price 59C
Ladies' soc Satin Neckwear 15c
Boys' 25c Windsor Tics and Bows 15c
Men's 2Y-c Extra Heavy Seamless Sox 7c
Men's noc Silk Embroidered Sox 25c
75c quality H. & S.
corsets at 49c
You will recognize the value
when you see them. We
promise you that. All sizes
and in unlimited tiuan- .
$1.25 H. & S. sateen
corsets at 75c
Standard $1.25 value in black,
white and grey. The reason of
the lowness in price lies in the
vastness of the quantity bought.
Special price during this
A book bargain
35c cloth bound
The same series of which
and at the same great bargain price. Extra quality of paper, neat
cover design and first-class binding. Titles by Goldsmith,
Dickens, Stevens, Jerome, Barrie, Scott, Doyle and many others
equally well known. Popular titles only. Publisher's price Q
3sc While they last OC
'A ' 'A ' 'A 'A 'A 'A 'A U "A 'A 'A 'A 'A U 'A
with a favoruble pale. An account is
then Blvcn of her majesty's lloet.wliich
consisted of eighty sail, divided Into
four seiuadrons, commanded ly the
lord lilBli admiral, in the Ark Iloyal,
8lr Francis Drake, and Admirals Haw
kins nnd FrolilshiT. Under tho head,
London," there Is nn account uf an In
terview which tho mayor nnd corpora
tion hnd on tho previous day with her
majesty, for the purpose of assuring
her of their resolution to stand by her
with their lives und fortunes to the
last. Under the came head appears the
followliif? paragraph : "Yesterday tho
Scotch nmbnssador had a private uu
ellenco of her majestic and delivered a
lotter contnlnlneo tho most cordial as
surances of adherliiB to her masjestle'a
interests, nnd to those of tho Protest
ant religion, am . the -youno king,
James Vltli, said to her mttjestie'8
minister nt his court that nil tho fa
vour ho expected of tho Spaniards was
the courtesle of Polyphemus to Ulysses,
that ho should bo devoured to the laBt."
We wonder what would be thought of
ambassadors In theso days if they in
terlarded their oral communications
wltU such classical references!
- 126 Wyoming Ave.
price we offer some very
garments of Kersey, all this
goods, and worth positively
two ana tnree times our Clearance
Sale price. There is no time to be
lost if you want one of them. The
value of the garment is too evident.
Some of them are silk lined throughout.
7, $8 and $9 Jackets $2.98
Kin :inH sto :rUnrz A OR X
,. .., v,..., ..-u
,$15 Jackets 7.98
Ladies' $3 brilliantine
waists at only $1.98
tucked front and back, made ot X
1 the finest quality of black bril-
, liantine according to the newest
! styles, all sizes, price was never
less than $2.98. Spec- 0 &
, ial while they last .... 1 .y
Special sale of
men's $1 "Adler"
kid gloves at 69c
An excellent quality ot kid
and absolutely the best glove
on the market at one dollar.
Not even inferior to many
brands at $1.50. Every pair
warranted to be faultless. Spec
ial cut price during this sale
volumes at 8c
we have already sold thousands,
'A'A 'A 'A "A 'A 'A 'A 'A 'A "A A 'A A A 'A 'A A A X
A Chineso View.
From the St. Louis Globo Democrat.
A California newKpnper hns come into
tho pnHKexHlcn of a high casto Cblnamun'B
diary of travel In America and printed a
translation. The critic says the Amer
icans lake enormous quantities of whisky:
"thoy hurry with everything, Instead o(
resting like civilized persons; they never
enjoy themselves by sitting quietly on
their ancestors' graves." They kick balls
violently without pay, nnd even sit dewn
to tho samo table with women; whllu 'ho
American dancing consists of nplnnlng
around "to most discordant music." Fui
tliermore, In good weather Amerlcuns
wander In tho tlelds, waving long stlcki
KPiisulesly In tho air. It will bo noticed
that tliero are two sides to tho question
of natlonul oddity.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have Always Bough
r srst s