Newspaper Page Text
? - - ,
THE JEFFERSONI AN
WcvoUb to politics, literature, mgrtculture, Science, jnoialtiu, aub encral Intelligence.
Published by Theodore ScIlOch. (man found herself with a caved bonnet,
.TERM3-Two dollars a year in ndvance-aml If no Sitting in the middle of a mud puddle,
fcKnibVcrg?df theyc,u'lw0 dolIa"andfiify and the horse was flying home in a cloud
N paper discontinued until all arrcatages are paid. ' of dust.
x&tiXitoJStr ceightimoor1 Beri7 lked the remainder of the dis
IiH, omor three insertions $t so. Each additional tance, and that night the horse was sent
Urti.n.SOcents. Longeroninpropo.Uun. JdoWQ tQ b;m fromb pinkhams MthQT jfc
JOop AIIKG, i 1J"o, Pinckham was greatly ela
SiateiU the highest style or the Art, and onthe! leCl Wltn ,us cow Which was a UCry hand
most icasoritbie terms. some animal, a deep red, with a white
A Pair Trade.
"Get a new beast there.
"Yes the best horse I ever owned."
"She ? - Don't look very remarkable,
'sposs you paid seventy or eighty dollars
for him ?"
"llumph 1 lo matter what I. paid.
But I wouldn't look at less than three
hundred and seventy-five for him !"
.i?;rl.i!ct;nL- ' nn th .n,nn tn 1,;
left hiiid leg, haiut he V
4. iw www w w w w . w k.'f'U 1 114 1U a 1 I w
'Not a spavin
Well, his left hip
lower than the
other by two inches."
"No, sir. That's all in your eye
tho best horse 1 ever owner
:d, that's sayimr
d perfectly safe
considerable. Spirited, but
l.nnr tlf will n tlinmrli imrl npffAtlv
for women folks to drive. My wife went
to Concord with him last week." ,'
"Indeed !" with an appearance of in-,
tcrcst. "Guess I'll get iu and try the '
Jake Piukham drew iu the reins over
the back of the showy looking grey, with
a ureat exhibition of strength, sundry 1
comuiauds to "whoa." and "be easy." and
Tom Berry sot into the bu" !
were notor ous horse
iockies. and each was continually tryinir :
to overreach the other.
The horse went well fmelv. in fact.
n .i ii i t i i
ecretiy, uerry was oetter pieasco witn t; ., " ? ,
i,. thJ nn,(l,i,r irti,o i-;,,,!' her with such effect that the cow,fled
he had seen for many a day, aud after a
trro.at dp.nl of IiH""!!!". ivhiph would f:il
to interest the reader, a bargain was : inu UI "JUU s"oltJ uuvei iuspeaiv to
struck. inny other woman as long as be lived.
Mr. Berry had a celebrated cow that ! Tlle C0Tr Provod tobe a confirmed "kick
he was desirous of selling, and Mr. i en" was utterly imposible to milk her,
Pinkham happened to want to buy, so aland PKliam s only consolation cousis
trade was concluded on these terms. j ted 1,1 the thought, that bad as she was,
Pinkham was to give Berry one hundred , that horse was full3' hcr quaI
n fiftr dollars for tliP pow. nnd IWrv A few da3s afterward, he was met by
- . c ' . .
was to give him three hundred and fifty
dollars for the horse. Berry took the
beast home with him, and Piukham's hired
man came down and drove up the cow. !
llotli prP hifrhlv deliirhted with their
exchange, and each thought himself the j
We sua see which was nearest 1
After tea, that evening, Mr. Berry who j
was quite a last young man, aud very
much of a beau, thought he would try
his horse. lie would ride down Hawlcy
street, and cross to Jefferson, for just
then he was deeply enamored of a fair
milliner's girl on the latter street, and
most of his peregrinations set that way.
The animal behaved splendidly. Perry
began to think himself the most fortunate
inau in existence. Just opposite the
milliner's window he reined up to speak
to a friend.
The horse pricked his ears, lifted his
fore feet, and commenced baclciug.
Berry exerted all his skill to subdue him,
but it was thrown away. The horse was
bound to go back. Down through the
gutter up over the pavement bang,
nm?ili and rattle 1 and the next thincr
The apothecary flew at him with uplifted
pestle, and the assistant pelted the horse
with jars and jugs, ad libitum but the
brute kept on with courage undismayed,
j. glass scicuu
Berry knew, be was living through the! m? conndencc s, and you shall not lose by
windows of an apothecary shop, scattering j11; ousccI traded with a neighbor
V,1,,p hotilns in everv rlin.pfjnn! of mine the other day, and got took in
the stove, dividing it from Mrs. Apothe-!Pie
cary's private parlor, where that lady was,
at that moment, engaged in the very iu -
tcrcsting employment of spanking a tow -
A crash, and "the buggy went throng
aud Mr. Berry was pitched headforc -
most into the lap of Mrs. Apothecary's
sister, who was making hor a call.
The cider lady sprang to her feet and i
t.: i - . i '
in-aummary vengeance on the unexpec-.
i-5 u.,f u ;fvrm,l
i ,'a ... Oo Afrc
.-rT.- ii..i v ir -a
nt.,nof hot wnter fc the. horse.
Wllicb so enraged the animal that he I , That .rn101on there cam e"P a ST
PlP3red h.mBelf from the buggy, andiower. Pinkham wen out to put his
Wpded away into the street. new horse in the stable ! and behold
. lnn.lppr1 ,mnur' there stood the identical grey "backer"
two dollars to catch him,
nmuu was ac-
pomplished after a smart run, and having
. . . i t it
pidden the young lady wno naa savea mm .
from fate, on affectionate good night,!
Berry got into his buggy and started ior
home, promising to call next day to set
They proceeded in fine style for a cou
ple of miles j and then upon a dreary
Heath the horse came to a stand still, and
refused to budge Not an iqch would
h.e go either backward or forward
taxing and whipping, alike.' availed
j&rin'ff. Berrv cot down and nulled
iipi by the bridle, stuck pins inhim,itbm- , , ,
pushed behina at thp wagon, but without The out,wltied "P pocketed thoir
An old woman came alopg with an
umbrella. Berry cot her to flourish thatj
at'him, but he was immovable.
"Yer bound to stand till yer take yer
feat, haint ye ?" and she let him have
the'whole contents of her snuff-box full
in the face.
TJie effect was astonishing ! Berry
f aa laid ou.t on a rock heap the old wo-
etnp in ner lace and of the Leicester
.f mi. i iiuvuani s wiic was a pretended
inynu, ana J'mkham had a very pretty
girl, who acted as a milk maid. Mrs.
i ink ham vas tearfully jealous of Jenny
inn I in !-ho tia ot-rA - i 1 1.
, . . , luuu 1,1 i iiorrur ui
his wife's anger, whir.li was more terrible
than an army with banners. So he very
rarely said anything to Jenny in the-
. nouse. ut when she wont to the cowyard
' to "i)k, he sometimes stole in. and talk-!
i . 1
cd over the "might have beens," provided'
! Mrs. Pinkliam never existed.
' ""c lrst t'mc JeQr)J went to milk the
Berry cow, Mr. Piukhm happened alon
just at the right moment, and as Jenny
fook sea,t ou a sto1 beside tho COflr. Pink-
1 t00 anotncr stool and sat down by
'lcr' nc, rs- Piukham was watching
UlB,n ,ron' behind ihe stone wall.
"0h ! Jenny!" cried Pinkhatu "If I
wasTulj single, we'd ily "
Up went the heels of the cow in the
air-over went the pail ; over went Jen-1
and ovcrwent Mr. Tinklum, trampled j
bcnc;jt the hoofs of the bellowing quad-'
vuped, who seemed to consider herself
the injured parly.
1 111 k bam was the firt to recover, and
4UB 1Ml,,:Jl "u um 3U uuw lo eunj.
. 4re 3'0UJlurt- i you
jthe death of that cow !"
! 31 rs- l'mKnam bounded over the wall
.TTlfll fl cfnnl In lior linnrl nml liirl oVirnf 1
from the yard Jenny hid in the hay -
mow, and 'Piukham, on his knees iu about
f p 1 I.
,lleriX' . Avho facetiously inquired how he
liked his cow, aud was lold that she was
attentnig for beef. And Berry informed ,
J. In : iam tnat ,,e ,,ad Put tue ll0rsc aaJ
!And both concluded to make
the best or;
h considering both had been -sold."
coupie 01 weews aucrwaras, a sty
lish looking stranger, riding a dark chest-
nu.1 horse, stopped at Pinkham's to in-
quire the distance to the
Pinkham's eye was on the horse
A conversation about the beast ensued,
and the stranger affirmed him to be the
; best nag in the State. Pinkham offered
to buy him. but the stranger indignantly
refused. It was his wife's horse and
nothing would tempt him to a sale. This
only made Pinkham the more anxious to
purchase, and he urged the man to name
"Three hundred dollars ! not a cent
less !" said the proprietor.
Pinkham considered a moment
"I'll give it," said he, "on one consider
ation. I see that you are an excellent
hand to crack up an article and get a
good price for it; and I want you to do
me a little favor. I must take you into
tremenuousiy -uougnc a cow oi mm ior
a a 7 aoimrs, ana tne oeasi
"u L """i 1 " , b"1' '1: w
changed from red to brown, and if you 11
sell hcr to JLom jierry dowu here a cou
01 IU"es ior a nunarcu aonars, i u
1 Slv-c 3'ou three hundred for your nag, and
jtcn hilars, for your trouble."
' TJ,C soger's eyes sparkled, and a
j curious expression shot across his face.
,Sut Pinkham was too eager to outwit
, Berr)' to Pa? rauch amotion to mere
I 'Iho Granger agreed to perfrom his
Par,1 01 "e hus ness-reccivea me money
took the cow before lnra, turned the
horf lnt0 1,.nK.n
trudged off. And
barn -yard, and
Berry was the owner of the cow he had
isold Pinkham. and his pocket was the
, l'ghter by a hundred dollars.
1 III, J10.il QUI VI fc-W w mm w I
, . , , , , r.
i previous ;
previous: he had Deen coioreo, ana tne
,rain had wasuea or me paint :
-. , , 1 1 l.L, ..!
And about the same time, Berry was
looking at his new cow, and had little
I difficulty in recognizing hcr us the same
quadruped he sold to Pinkham I
And that night each of the gentleman
I receivee a note which let the cat out of
the bag. They ran thus :
"I have sold the horse to Pinkham,
and the cow to Berry and am well paid
r doinS 'lt- The proceeds are in my
. pockets. Wouldut you like to hnger
! aged never to trade with each other
A Dutchman ..a Jew days.ago picked up
a ound volumeof public documents, on
the back of which was stamped "Pub,
Docs." "Tuyfel ." said he, what kinder
books will dey brint nexfe. As I lif,
here is one on gup togs."
GOVERNOR CURTXFS MESSAGE.
To the Senate and House of Represen
tatives :- During the past year the peo
ple oi tms commonwealth have had reas
on to be grateful to Almighty God for
many blessings. The earth has been
fruitful, industry has thriven, and, with
the exception of the injury suffered by
the citizens of some of our border coun
ties, through the disgraceful barbarity of
tno Jteoel torces which ravaged parts of
them, and burned the town of Chambers-
i 1 mm va bviru ui viuiuucia
rini-o- lio nn ki:-",:-ft.- i-
ment. The year closes with a train of
brilliant successes obtained by the armies
of the United States, inspiring hone in
j'eTery loyal mind that the accursed Re-
L t II! ii i . -.
oemon win soon he crushed, and peace
be restored to our country.
The balance in the Treasury
November 30, 3863, was 82.147,33170
Receipts during: the fiscal year -
ending- November 30. 1864 4.733 313 09,
- - j-w w w
Total in Treasury For fiscal
year ending Nov. 30, 1864 S6,880,644 72
payments tor the same
period haVe been
The operation of the Sinking Fund du-
ring the last year have been .shown by
my proclamation of the 27th day of Sep-
tember last, as follows :
Amount of debt of Common-
wealth, reduced '$268,569 50
As follows viz:
Five per cent loan
ui wic vyuiuiiiuii-
wealth 268,308 03 "
redeemed 261 47
r 268,569 50
The fiscal year accounted for in the
statement of the Treasury Denartment
,l,. v r t P t
embraces the time from the 1st of De-
cember, 1863, to the 30th of November,
r864, The slnkinS fuud year commenced
il. . C. 1 fl . t f -inin i
uie nrsi. monuay in ccptcmocr, 00,aua
closed the first Tuesday in September,
1SG 1. This will explain the discrepancy
between the statement of the Treasury
Department as to the reduction of the
public debt of the State, and the state
ment embodied in the proclamation rela
tive to the sinking fund.
Amount of public debt
of Pennsylvania, as
it stood on the 1st
day of Dec. 1863
-Deduct amount re
deemed at the
During the fiscal
year ending with
Five per cent stocks $104,722 73 '
Four and a halt per
cent stocks 10,000 00
Interest certificates 2.270 11
Public debt Dec. 1, 1864 $39,379,603 94
Funded debt, viz :
Six per cent loans
Five per cent -
loans ordi- ': ' '
nary 35,605,263 72m .; '
Four and a half
per cent loans
ordinary 258,2WG0 ir
. : 36,264,093 72
Unfunded debt viz:
Relief notes in
i - ' .'
cates . 724 32
Military loan, per act 15th
Total public Dec. 1, 1864 30,379,603 94
ed from the sale of Public Works amoun-'
j-w vvuiiuvuH uuiiu wuiuu ww.. www.
ting to ten million three hundred thous-!
nd dollars (810,300,000),. as follows : i
. J i
ennsylvania Railroad Com-
pany bonus J5,touuuuu uu .
These bonds are in the Sinking Fund
and reduce the public debt to $29,079,-
The tax on tonnago imposed by the
acts of 30th April and 25th August 1864,
has yielded something less than 200,000
a much less sum than was anticipated.
I recommend a revision of these acts for
the purpose of rendering the source of
revenue more productive, and amending
other defects in those bills.
The revenue derived from the tax on
banks during the year amounted to 539,
606 67, but under the enabling act of the
State so many of our banks have become
National banks, under thp act of Congress,
that this source of revenue may be con
sidered as substantially extinguished, and
it will be necessary in some way to make
up the deficiency from other sources.
The National taxation is heavier, and
the local taxes authorized by unwise le
gislation, and paid by our people, are ex
cessive. In view of these circumstances,
we should endeavor to avoid increasing
their burdens by making undue appropri
ations for any purpose. '
The act of Congress authorizes the tax
ation by the State bfithe stock in the Na:
COUNTY, PA. JANUARY 12, 1365.
tionil banks in the hands of the holders
u"u wcuiuS nic mtoui iai.aiiuu liupuaeu
on other similar property, and part of the
deficiency may be thus provided for.
11. i0111 of debt extinguished by
the Sinking Fund during the year is un-
usually small, which is accounted for by
the extraordinary expenses which have
been incurred. Seven hundred and thir-
teen thousand dollars have been naid
to refund to the banks the money to say that the appropriation by Congress
advanced by them to pay the volun- was vigorously supported by all the mem-
teers in service during the invasion of the hers from this State in both branches.
State in 1863. One hundred thousand Having done everything in my power to
dollars (100,000) have been distributed procure the payment ofthe just claim of
among the inhabitants of Chambersburg the State. I now recommend that the
suffering by the Rebel destruction of their Legislature take the subject into consid
town. About two hundred thousand dol- cration, with a view to induce proper ac
lars ($200,000) have been expended un- tion by the President and Congress,
der the acts providing for the payment of By the act of 22d of August, 1864, 1
extra military claims, and in addition to was authorized to cause an immediate
those extraordinary outlays, the amount enrollment of the militia to be made, un
appropriated to charities was last year less that recently made by the United
larger than usual. States should be found sufficient, and to be
In my opinion this matter of donations raised, by volunteering or draft, a corps of
to charities is fast running into a great a- fifteen thousand men for the defense of
buse. Houses of Refuge and Insane, our Southern border. The United States
Blind and Deaf and Dumb Asylums ap- enrollment being found very defectvie, I
pear to be the proper subjects of State directed an enrollment to be made, which
bounty, because their objects are of pub- is now in progress under the charge of
lie importnee j and to be useful and well ( Colonel Lemuel Todd whom I appointed
and economically managed, it seems to bo j Inspector-General. A draft by the Uni-
. .1 1111 l . .
uucub&ary mac mey snouio oe more ex-
tensive than would be required for the
wants of a particular county. But in
our system ordinary local charities, and
to give the public money for their sup
port is really to tax the inhabitants of all
the couuties for the benefit of one.
It being alleged that the Atlantic and
Great "Ve3tern Railroad Company has not
in various particulars, obeyed the law by
wnicn it was incorporated, the Attorney
General (on the suggestion of parties
claiming to be thereby injured) has filed
an information in equity against that com
pany, seeding an injunction to prevent a
continuance of its past, and the persist
ence of its intended illegal course.
Since my last Annual Message, on the
report of John A. Wright, Esq., that the
Sunbury and Erie Railroad was finished,
I ordered the bonds remaining in the
Treasury to be delivered to the Company.
It is. a subject of just pride to the peo
ple of this Commonwealth that this great
work is completed, and whilst it opens a
large and wealthy part of the State to the
commerce of the seaboard, and unites
capital and enterprise within our borders
it secures to the Commonwealth the pay
ment of sums due her from the Company.
In my special message of the 30th of
April last, to which I refer, I communi
cated to the Legislature, in some detail,
the circumstances connected with the ad
vance by .banks and corporations of the
funds to pay the volunteerinilitia of 18G4.
It is not necessary here to recapitulatfc
them at length. The case was peculiar,
and it is believed uone quite like it has
occurred. The call for volunteers was
made by the authorities, of the United
States; but it being found that ineu could
not be got under that call, the form of a
call by the State authorities for the de
fense of the State was, with the assentof
the President, substituted. The United
States, agreed to furnish the arms, subsis
tence and supplies, but it was alleged that
j Congress had made no appropriation covcr
' ingthe pay. In this state of things, the
emergency being great, the Secretary of
War telegraphed me thus :
Washington, July 22, 1863. To His
Excellency, Governor A. G. Curtin :
Your telegrams respecting the pay of mi
litia, called out under your proclamation
ofthe 27th of June, have been referred
to the Presideut for instructions, and
have been under his consideration. He
directs me to say, that while no law or ap-
propnation authorizes the payment, by have reason to ocnevc mac many are sun
the General Government, of troops that ignorant of that fact, and are greatly ira
have not been mustered into the service posed upon by the exorbitant commis
of the United States, he will recommend sions charged by private claim agents,
to congress to make an appropriation for i Under the act ofthe 6th of May, 1864,
the payment of troops called into State I appointed Hon. Thomas H. Burrowes
service to repel an actual invasion,, iucl.u- to take charge of the arrangements for
ding those of the State of Pennsylvania the education of the orphans of soldiers.
t o a1 - j.: . :
,u U1B "'"""u. u -'au
necessary amount, as n uBu . u
0 ief ?calcrs' PP7 V'' j
plied to refund the advance to those who
raa(je it. Measures have been taken for
the -navment of troops mustered into the
. . . ? . . .
United. btates service as soon as the mus
I ter and pay rolls arc made out. The an-
swer ot this department, to you as uov-
n r t . . -lit l t
ernorot the estate, win oe given directly
to yourself, whenever the Department is
prepared to make answer.
(feigned) .EDWIN Jl. oi AiN JLUiN.
Secretary of War.
The banks. and other corporations re-
fused to loan the money unless I would
pledge myself to ask an appropriation
from the ' Legislature to refund it. It
will be noticed that the pledge of the
President is clear and distinct, but not-
withstanding the money was paid and the
accounts settled and placed in the hands
of the President before the meeting of
Congress, no such recommendation as
promised me was made, and for that reas-
F . mi 1 1 -
on the ni l introduced tor that purpose
failed, The men were raised and placed
under the command of Major-General
Couch and the other United States offi
cers in this Department. The troopswere
held in service longer than the emergen-
r.r- for whink ihftv wp.re called outreuuired
Several of the regiments were marched wer such purposes, they should be amend
immediately into the distant parts of the ed and perfected.
State by order of the officers of the army If auy company desires to be incorporated
stationed in Pennsylvania, against my to- with greater privileges than are conferred,
j : v "V ' . . .
niww.rprfitiiined. as was alUced. to
preserve - the ipeace and enforce the draft.
Nearly, if not quite, one-half the money
was paid to troops thus held and alter the
emergency had expired. Finding that
the appropriation was likely to fail in
Congress, I laid the matter before the
Lesislature. inut nn'or fn th',r ,-nnm.
meut, in May last, and an Act of Assem-
ble was immediately passed to refund the
money out of the State Treasury, which,
as above stated hna han Annn V
j ted States was then m progress, and it
was noi mougnt aavisaoie to narrass our
people by a cotemporaneous State draft,
even if a draft had been practicable un
der the present law.
Yoluuteers could not be obtained, there
being no bounties, and the men not being
exempted by their enlistment in that
corps from draft by the United States.
Fortunately the United States placed an
army, under General Sheridan, between
us and the enemy, and thus provided
effectually for our defense. With such
adequate protection, as proved by the
brilliant campaign of that array, I did
not think it right to incur the expense to
the State of an independent army, and
the withdrawal of so many of pur people
from their homes and pursuits. Mean
while arrangements have been made with
the authorities at Washington for arming,
clothing, subsisting and supplying tho
corps at the expense of the United States,
and an order has been given by the au
thorities ofthe United States to furlough
such volunteers in the corps so privileged
not to exceed 5000 men. It is my inten
tion to raise 5000 men during the winter,
and I have already adopted measures to
that end. There may occur irruptions of
irregular bodies of the Rebels, and it is
well to be provided agaiust them.
The number proposed to be raised and
put into actual service will, in my judg
ment, be sufficient, aud a regard to due
economy require that no more than are
sufficient should be placed on pay. The
remanining 10,000 will be organized and
ready for service in case of necessity. I
invite your immeditate attcution to the
very able report of the Inspector-General,
which sets forth the defects in the law
which he has discovered in I113 prcpar-
1 . 1 II 1
tion for carrying it into practical effect.
1 he otatc agencies
at Washington and
in the Southwest are in active and suc
cessful operation. I communicate here
with the reports of Colonel Jordan, at
Washington, and Colonel Chamberlain,
agent for the Southwest. The provisions
of the law requiring agents to collect
moneys due by the United States to sold
iers, have been beneficent. A reference
to their reports will show tho magnitude
and usefulness of this branch of their
service. I disirc to invite the attention
of all our volunteers, officers, soldiers,
and their families, to the fact that the
State agents will collect all their claims
on the Government gratuitously, as I
t i :ii. x i
comuiuuuaie i.b.il.. oFy u, u ie-
po on cue auojecu uc nan u.scnargeu
US QU T commcruuauie zea, nae"
ity and (Smcicncy. I earnestly recom-
mend that a permanent and liberal ap-
nronriation be made to sunnort this iust
r . ... rr
and worthy scheme of beneficence
I recommend that an appropriation
De raade tor pensions to the volunteer
.... - ..... ..... 1
militiameu (or their lamihes), wno were
killed or hurt in service in the year 1862
and 1863. As soldiers sometimes arrive
here who are insane, and who should be
protected and cared for, I recommend that
provisiou be made for their being placed
iu the State Asylum for the Insane, at
this place, and kept until notice cau be
given to the authorities of their respec-
tive counties who should be required to
remove aud care for them. m
I feel it to be my duty to invite your
serious attention to the evils growing out
of the system of passing acts ot lncorpora-
tion for purposes which are provided for
by general laws, n e have passed aots
ii i tli.irtnra f n ha nnt'iniad witn
out special legislation. These
hpp.n ireneraly prepared with some care
and contain the provisions which the
Legislature thought necessary to protect
the Commonwealth aud hec citizens. If
these general laws are not fouud to aus-
or 10 oe renuvou uum
tions-imposed by these acts, it appears to
( me that it should be required ht
tain a charter under the general laws,
and then apply to the Legislature for an
act making the changes which are desi
red. The attention of the Legislature
will thus be drawn to the specific object,
and a judgment can be formed of its pro
priety. I would also observe that great
evil results from the habit of granting
privileges to corporation by a mere ro
ferenco to some former private act rela
ting to other corporations, sometimes,
without even giving the date of these
All these practices are bad, and al
though thcyvmay sometimes be pursued
by parties haviug no bad intentions, yet
they certainly originated in the design,
of surprising the Commonwealth into,
grants of privileges which it was know
could net be obtained if their extent were
understood, and they are often followed
now for the same fraudulent purpose, ,
Pstrongly recommend the repeal of
the act passed the 18th day of July, A.
D. 1863, entitled "an act relating to cor
porations for mechanical, manufacturing,
mining, and quarrying purposes'
Its provisions are found to be practi
cally so inconsistent with the due protec
tion of the citizens and with the just
policy of the Commonwealth, that it
ought not to be allowed to stand longer
on our statute books. I approved the
act in question with great reluctance, and
subsequent reflection and observation'
have satisfied me ofits mischievous char
acter. I also recommend the repeal of an act
passed the 22d day of July, A. D. 1863",r
entitled "A further supplement to an-act
to enable joint tenants and tenants in
common, and adjoining owners of miner?
lands in tlm Commonwealth, to manage
and develope the same."
This act allows foreign corporations" ttr
hold three hundred acres of land in this
Stato for mining purposes. It was passed
it is believed, for the purpose of enabling
companies near our border, engaged
in the manufacture of iron, to hold lands
aa ore banks.
But under the idea that the sinking of
an oil well is mining, it is believed that
companies have already been organized
under the laws of other States, and that
more will be, for the purpose of holding
land and carrying on the oil business in
this State. It would be better to remove
all doubt on this question by repealing
the act. These companies, being foreign'
corporations, are not within the control
of our laws to the exteut that they ought'
to be for purposes of taxation aud regula
tion. The immense development of wealth in
some of our western counties, by the dis
covery of oil, has added vastly to the re
sources of the Commonwealth.
I have made efforts to ascertain the
value of this product during the last
year, but have failed iu procuring infor
mation sufficiently accurate to justify me
in estimating its amount. It is already
vast, aud is rapidly increasing.
The productions and manufactures of
the State have become so diversified and
abundant that some measure should be
taken for accurate ascertainment of them,
so that their 'extent may be generally
known, and also that the necessary taxa
tion may be intelligently imposed. I re
commend for these purposes, the creation
of a Bureau, of which the Auditor-General
and State Treaurer shall be members,
and the head of which shall be a new.
officer, to be styled Commissioner -of
Statistics, or designated by any other ap
The act of 25th August, 1864, proyi
ding for the voting of soldiers, should be
carefully cxamiued with a view' to its a-,
mendment, and, indeed, a revision of our
whole election laws would seem to be de
sirable, with a view to the essential ob
jects of 1. The admission of legal and-,
exclusion of illegal votes at the polls'; and"
2d. Faithful aud correct returns of the
votes actually polled. I communicate
herewith the opiniou of the Attorney
General on the conflicting returns for the
Sixteenth Congressional District, which
will show some of the practical difficul
ties which arise under the existing sys
tem. Without undertaking to recommend the
adoption of any partiuular plan, I submit
the whole subject to your careful and'
earnest consideration in the hope
that in your wisdom you will be ableYto
devise some measure which will produce
the result so esseutial to the existence of
a free Government that votes shall be'
fairly taken in the first instance, and fair-
Jy counted aud returned aitenvurds.
I have endeavored siuce I came . into
offict to exercise as cautiously as possible
the power confided to the Executive. .and
avoid usurping any. 1 shall endeavor" to
persist in this course to the end.
A new call has been made by the
President for three hundred thousand
raea. This reuders it proper that I should'
invito your attention to the evils which'
have resUtted from abuses of the system
of local bounties which was beguu iu the
emergency, by the voluutary aud gener
ous loyalty of our citizens, before the pas
sage by Congress of the EurollmenLiact,
and has sineo been contiuued by suudry
acts of Assembly
The result lias been to the last degree
i( prussive to pur, citizens, and unpro
ductive of corresponding benefit to, , the'
Government. Iu some couutiesand town-'
ships it is believed that the bountyax'
during the last year exceeded tha average
.ncome derived from the land.. The bge
sums offered in some. places iu the epmpe- .
anion for uiuii have deaiyralieU uianj o "