Newspaper Page Text
: THE JEFFERSONIAN. "
HJcuotcu ta JJolitfcB, literature, Agriculture, Science, iHaralit), aua eucral Intelligence.
STROUBSBURG, MONROE COUNTY, PA AUGUST 3, 1865.
Published by Theodore Schocli.
. TERMS T-o flnllnrsn year in advance and if no
aid before the end of the yeaj, l o dollars and fitfy
is. win tie cmirgeci.
No paper disc
except at the option of the Editor
!DAdverlisemeiitsoI one square of (cicKt lines) or.
Jen. oneor three insertions S I 50. Each additional
s 01 one squ.11
nsertions si at
(icrtion, 50 cents. Longer ones in propoition
l JOB PRINTING,
. Ut A li li JVlflUS, j
Bzeoated in the highest style of the Art, and on the
most rcuson-iuic terms.
'Tis well to have a merry heart
However short we stay
There's wisdom in a merry heart,
" Whatc'er the world may say
Philosophy may lift it's head,
And find out many a flaw ;
Uut give me the philosophy
That s happpy with a straw ! '.
If lifb but brings us happiness,
It brings us, we arc told,
What's hard to buy, though rich ones try,
With all their heaps of gold !
Then laugh away; let others say
Whate'cr they will of mirth,
Wio laughs the most may truly boast
He's got the wealth of earth.
There's beaut' in a merry laugh,
A moral beauty too;
It shows the heart's an honest heart,
That's paid each man his due,
And gave a share of what's to spare,
Despite of wisdom's fears ;
And makes the cheekless sorrow speal
The eye shed fewer tears.
The sun may shroud itself in cloud,
The tempest wrath begin ;
It finds a spark to cheer the dark,
It's sunlight is within !
Then laugh away let others say
Whate'cr the' will of mirth;
Who laughs the most may truly boast
lie's got tho wealth of Tearth !
The New Yorkers have taken up the sub
ject of the beef extortion, and a very active
movement is going on for the purpose of in
ducing a strike against the butchers. . These
cormorants still charge from thirty to forty
cents per pound for beef in this cit', at
which rates a steak sufficient for a poor mans
family costs him the product of two days,
The New Yorkers are adopting the sug
gestions we made to our readers some
weeks since, and a correspondent of the
Times writes to that journal as fellows:
Wc; that is a few families in Hobo
ken have formed an anti-meat club. There
tire seven of s.ich families. We have mu
tually pledged each other to totally abstain
from meat for two weeks from this day,
Thursday. Here is a beginning at least
Who will be nest. The process is simple.
The men folks talked it over on Wednesday
morning on the boat, settled the matter at
their homes at night, and wili honestly ad
lierc to their reso! ve. ONE OF T II EM
Combine aud conqucr, and let the watch
word be ''No more meet at present prices."
It will do us good to avoid eating meat at
this season of the vear.
Antidote for the Hydrophobia.
The following is said to be one of the most
successful antidotes for the bite of a mad
dog. It was for sixteen years an exclusive
secret with a Saxon foreater, but who. grow
ing old, unwilling to let it die with him,
and therefore procured its publication. lie
is said to have used it for fifty years, and
rescued many human beings and cattle from
the fearful death of hydrohobia.
"The Arddote. Take immediately, warm
vinegar or tepid water, wash the wound
clean therewith and then dry it ; then pour
upon the wound a few drops of hydrochloric
acid, because mineral acids destroy the poison
of the saliva, by which means the latter U
Receipts that Sever Pail. j
To destroy rats catch them one by one, and ' ing more effectually. Ihe exchange of
flatten there heads in a lemon squeezer. To'w00lea for cotton undershirts, in hot
iil cockroaches get a pair of heavy boots, j weather, is, therefore, an error,
then catch your roaches, put them in a bar-j fX'his is further proved by ice beiug
rel, then get in yourself and dance. To kill j preervca from melting when it is wrap-bed-bugs-chain
their hind legs to a trec d Ju blankets wllicb. retard, for a long
men rro round in iront ana mane mouuis. ,
X'ZZ S3 .rruieoosideratiops show the error of suppo-
u - -
open, ane when a mouse's whiskers ticKie,i"o i. ' , . i i T
t., ti..... 'p n.,nr,t ,Wc fmm mntp.rials of clothing. "Ihe thick cloaK
. . .
. . '
liiiuai uilc xv jit tut
going mad cut their tails off just behind
A Philadelnhia merchant sent a cargo ot
goods to Constantinople. After the super-
goods to Constantinople. Alter uie fcupui-
cargo had seen the bales and boxes had been
safely landed, he inquired where they should
be stored. Leave them here, it won't ram
.n-$ ,was tl,e,reP J. ' cntnn
tflfi , 1 Vniy Ve oid uloper
rn mr. 'Pl. Sf.Umnilqn morrbant. lamrhed
""'CUi L uu wiiiiiuuiuuu a
as he replied:
n..! i i 3 i r:nr,A tlmrn if5 not
a Christian within a hundred miles of us.'V
10 Keep Butter in Warm weauiei.
A simple mode of keeping butter in warm
weather where ice is not handy. Invert a
common flower pot over the butter witu
some water in the disn in wiucu tlie nutter
i laM 'P.'ip. orifice at the bottom may be
corked or not. The porousness of the earth-
ern-w.are will Keep me uuuer uuui.
A t ...l.Ti-ficinnr bis frond P. rr"V(i
notice-that lie would take in payment all
l-mric r ,.nf rV nrndnct cxccut promise.
The rebellion was first kindled into a.
flame by petticoats; it was fanned through
its whole career by petticoats; and it had its
final fall in petticoats.
At what season were Adam and Eve
most unhappy in Eden ? In the fall.
FOR TUB JEFFERSONIAN.
i western Items.
Missouri is situated in the heart of our
T , L
. - . w . . wu.t,iu 140 t T J 1 no LtlU J
garucu 01 1110
world, the Mississippi Val-
.n tj , ,
juj juummuui, auvaiuages are :
iThc unsurpassed fertility of its soil; its
temperate and healthy climate ; its inex
haustible mineral wealth; (particularly
Iron, Lead and Coal,) and its commer
cial facilities. The nieanderiug, "father
of waters" for over 500 miles skirts its
Eastern bounds, and the turbid Missouri,
for equal distance, winds through the in-
tenor, inviting her surplus produce to
take an easy transit by water,-to supply
the markets of the world.
The Hannibal aud St. Joseph Railroad '
-passes through the Northern part of the .
?ffn .-.-..'. i nt- i . I
btatc, making the fine healthy and. active
star City of the North West, (the City of
jSt. Joseph) visible and accessible to Eas
tern Fogies, that once thought St. Joseph
was "out west" almost nni-. of tho. world. '
m i .i
jLtiuy vuu uuw tuu mat it is uie eumimm .
centre or mac great radius, Known as tne
North West. The Pacific Railroad pass
ing through the State, East and West.
Hie .Northern Missouri connects the Han
nibal and St. Joseph Railroad, and St.
Louis and the Iron Mountain Railroad
are among the fixed facts. The great in
cubus Slavery so long a curse to the
growth aud interests of the State, is among
the things that were, And her damna
ble first born rebellion has given up the
ghost, and Free Missouri to-day, invites
the energ' and capital of Christendom to
assist in developing the Agricultural and
mineral wealth of her broad aud fertile
plains. The State Emigration Society
recently established, has for its object,
the diffusion of intelligence to the reading
world, of the advantages Missouri offers to
the hardy pioneer aud the honest labor
ing man seeking a permanent home.
I know not, but I presume that officers
of the State and subordinate societies,
I will not overlook the great practical idea
of making arrangements with our leading
lines of travel at a reduced fare, to en-j
courage the emigrant. Our Icadiug cap- j
italists arc meu generally of enlarged j
views and can easily realize the result of
adding 100 per cent, to the producing en
ergy aud capital that will find its outlet
and communications over their lines . in
future time. A hint to the wise on this
subject is sufficient.
The people of Missouri are rather a
heterogeneous class, representing almost
every nation and State, and when we
hear in mind the fact that the most ener
getic people migrate, it accounts for the
superior tact, talent, and energy, of the
West above medjocraty. .
11. W. HINCKLEY,
Richfield, 111., July 21, 18G5.
It is not generally understood how
clothing keeps the body cool in hot
weather, and warm in cold weather.
Clothes arc generally composed of some
li"-ht substances, which do not conduct
heat: but woolen substances are worse
conductors then those made of cotton or
linen. Thus a flannel shirt more effectu
ally intercepts or keeps out heat than alin
neu or cotton one : and whether in warm
or cold climates, attains the end of cloth-
- . nP . . . rvunco
I I III I' III '. lll II lilLll 111 11L.UU J VUV
" i 1 . - .. - . iir.i Hiti t li ,.-1 rim
o. liii tl 1
, which guards a Spaniard against the cold : he wept aloud.
i winter, is msu, m buujuh;i, uauu mui
ias a protection against the direct rays of
Un cun rind white flnnnnl is our warm-!
.ir;cip 0f dreFS. vet we cannot more
egt artjcje 0f (regSj yet we cannot more
, tf t n preserVe ice than by wrapping
j containing it in many folds of
the c scl conta J
I llLi 1JUU -----
the softest flannel-: Rlack clotnes
; unnwn fn un Vfirv warm in the sun : but
,1,ey ?ro far from b.iog so io the shade,
r:nOfin Uv in fiold weather, when the tern-
i' j ' rt . .
' perature of the air is below that of the
r ..f il, Wn iotr tlino truth.
lh Importance of attention to chil-
Idreu's clothing. It is au absurd idea.
;tiafcj t0 render young limbs Hearty, tne
k0(jy must be exposed to the undue influ -
' of Qur capricioug climate.
The whole number of Union troops
, Ti.vnR is stated at 14.000, being
now in Xexas
parts of the Thirteenth and Twenty-fifth
; Four years ago Oil City numbeicd one
lmndrpd inhabitants i now it contains
about ten thousand.
Sherman, of the famous bner.r
man oil well, who five years ago was a
nnnr man. is now rcDortcd to be W
to be worths
over five million of dollars.
soon to be rich !'
THE DAUGHTER'S STRATAOEIu.
Judge Rose lived in Dellvillo, on the
banks of a ereat river in the Wsfc. 13.
ry year ho went to Washington, and his
1 vviu iy. uiiuu nearu in tne nuns oi KjOu-
"Wlf. f.Tinmrli lm wnc nallnrl f.yn f
j he was not good, because he was fond of
annuiug wine, brandy ,.YC., and irequent
cd the gambling- rooms so numerous in
the city. These habits gained on him
.1 ..... R .. - .
daily, until they conquered all his moral
strength. His townsmen refused to send
' him as their delegate auy more.
T..J -. . I. l l -11 i
o uuge xvose naa an amiauie who ana
three pretty daughters. Mary the eldest
was his special pet. He thought more
, of her than of himself, and no wish of
hers went ungratified. She was of a
sweet disposition, and so obedient and
respectful to her parents, and kind to cv-
oue aboufc ber that sl,e was beloved
by everybody. Aud though her father's
iin:.,X .t . i . -,i
dwelling was the most elegant, and they
had beautif'ul'grounds, aud servants, and
horses, and carriages and fine clothes; she
never put on airs as many do, but was
modest and retiring. Mr. Rose aud his
'wife and daughters were all members of
i, f. i tt r.
a christian church. lie was often sus
pCnded from its fellowship, aud on prom
ise of repentence received again. , His
influential position in society aud the pi
ous conduct of his wife and daughters,
caused much pity for them, and elicited
i much patience. They hoped by love aud
forbearance to restore him wholly. Rut
all the lovo of his family and the church
could not stop this erring man in his
At last so low did he fall as to lose all
self-respect, and frequented the lowest
whiskey shops in the town. Daily he
went out unshaved, and unwashed, ragged
and almost naked, and when drunk would
sing some low song which would draw a
, round him a crowd of boys to jeer, and
laugh, aud scorn the once dignified and
respectful judge. Iu personal appearance
he was the lowest of the low.
It is not to be supposed that Christians
and temperance men allowed such a man
to ruin himself without efforts to save
him. Earnest and persevering efforts
were put forth ; prayers were offered up,
aud his family left no avenue to his
heart unentered. Rut all were a
like useless. nis wife and daughters
wept and prayed, but despaired entirely.
Mary hi3 pet, often labored to save her
father from open disgrace, if not from
private sin. She became very sad and
refused to attend church or go into soci
ety. When her father was sober, he had
sense to perceive the sorrowful change in
his once happy Mary aud seemed to re
gret his course more for her own sake
than his own.
One morning he started as usual for the
driukiug shop. He was a horrible ob
ject, indecent to look at as well as filthy.
His wife, tried to hold him back, and get
him at least to put on some decent cloth
ing, but he would not yield. Mary made
her anncarance bv his side, clothed in
rags, low at the neck, bare armed and
bonnetless with an old whiskey-bottle iu
her hand. Taking her father's arm she
said : "Conic, father, I'm going too."
"Going where V said he, stairiug at
her as if horror struck.
''To the dram shop. What is good for
you is good for me."
Then" she began to flurish her bottle
aud sing one of the low songs she had
heard him sing in the street.
"Go back girl, you are crazy ; mother,
take her in."
"Rut I am going with you, father, to
ram my soul aud body. It is or no use
for me to be good while you are going to
the bad place. You'll be lonely there
without your Mary."
"Go away, girl, you'll drive me mad."
"Rut you have been mad for some time,
aud I am going mad too. What do I
care ? My father is only a poor old de
spised drunkard ; his daughter may as
as well drink aud lie in the gutter too."
So Mary pulled away at her father's
arm, and went out to open the gate. He
drew back ; still she dragged on and suug
louder. A few boys came toward them,
aud then her father broke from her hold,
and went into the house. There ho sat
down ; and putting his hands to his face,
What is the matter ?" said Mrs. Rose.
"Mary is crazy, and I have made her
I wish I was dead. Vo go out ana
get her in ; 1 won t go out to-day.
Mrs. Rose went out aud told
what her father had said, aud then she
went in. She sat down with her bottle
find nil dnv kent on her old rags. Mr.
j oso ms iu an awful state for want of
bis accustomed stimulous and lrequentiy
i , T j t
Went to the door, but Mary was ready at
, l.Ir. oMn nn nvorv nnnnsion. Ml'S. Rose
prepared his meals with extra care, and
0 her Husband cups or strong uuuuuuumm r""1'
aud tlie latter pare or uie uay c iuj,
: to sleep. When ho woke up, Mary was
still there iu her rags, aud her bottle by
With much shaking aud trembling he
put on a suit of clothes, and asked his
wife to send for a barber.. Then after
tea he -said, "I'm goiug out."
"Where ?" .
"To the Temperance nail. Go with
me aud see if I do not go there."
So Mrs. Rose went with him to the
iW of tho hall. Mary still saying : "I
!-,', ii t. r,.o!l lio will nn to
.muse iouow, ui x w a-
tnc ; wn swey ,,,u
iiut nis wile saw mm go up sum -u
tlw irmafiu'jr room, ai
ind the door
j closed' upon him. Then she and Mary
went home to rejoice with trembling at
the success of the strategem.
Surprise, joy, and some distrust perva
ded the minds of the assembly of temper
ance brothers when Mr. Rose walked in.
He was invited to walk forward and ask
ed to speak whatever he wished.
lie rose and told his tale of the day,
and then added, "When I saw how my
was transformed into a
! low Cltnv creature ; when I knew how
1. 1 i 111 -i t 'n
much lower she would have to descend if
, she went with me, I abhorred myself.
fane vowed to go every where I went, and
do everything I did.
Could I see her do that 1 Uer loveli
ness stained her character ruined she
pure as an atigel ? No sirs ! If it kill
me I will leave off, and never touch, taste
or handle from this night henceforward
and forever. And now gentlemen, help
me to be a man agaiu."
The building vibrated with the cheer
ing, stamping and clapping, and a gush
of song rose from those manly hearts
which might have been heard for miles.
Oh, "there is joy in heaven even over
one sinner that repenteth" and why
should there not be on earth ?
Wc hope no other daughter will have
to resort to so painful a remedy to save a
Execution of Women.
The Philadelphia Ledger has the fol
lowing from a correspondent;
"Has any woman been capitally punish
ed for crime in this country ?" has been
repeatedly asked since the finding of the
Military Commission in the case of Mrs.
Surratt and the other conspirators. We
find in -"Watson's Historical Annals of
Pennsylvania." that in 1820, "Edward
and Martha Hunt were sentenced to death
for making and passing counterfeit dol
lars , said to be the first case in which
death was inflicted" ; aud also in 1731,
in Newcastle, "Catharine Revan was or
dered to be burued alive for the murder
of her husband, aud Peter Murphy, her
servant, to be hanged. It was designed
to strangle her to beath by previous hang
ing over the fire and before it could reach
her : but the
fire broke out iu a stream
directly on the rope round her ucck, and
burnt it off instantly, so that she fell
alive into the flames and was seen to
struggle therein a shocking spectacle in
our country." Thus it seems, that our
nnnn..'.r. 4. i u i .1 :.i.
auuuatuiB iuij uuo liuuuiuu i itu Liiut (
spnsiVnUrir xvbioli nrm- nrnt riifli-c lfcnlP t
among certain classes of our community."
Hot and Cold.
Dan Marble was once strolling along tho
wharves in Boston, where he met a tall,
gaunt figure, a "digger" from California,
and got into conversation with him.
"Healthy climate,I suppose V
"Healthy ? it ain't anything else.
Why, stranger, there you can choose any
climate you like, hot or cold, and that
without travelling more than fifteen
minutes. Just think o' that the next
cold morning when you get out of bed.
There's a mountain there, with a valley
on each side of it, the one hot, and the
other cold. Well, get on top of the moun
tain, with a double barrelled gun, and
you can, without moving, kill either sum
mer or winter game, just as you will !"
"What, have you ever tried it ?"
"Tried it 1 often ; and should have done
pretty well but for one thing. I wanted
a dog that would staud both climates
The last dog I had froze off his tail while,
pintin' on the summer side. He didn't
get entirely out of the winter side, you
see trew as you live."
Last week Lieutenant Gen. Grant is
sued a general order to the various de
partment commanders, authorizing them
lo break up all the faro banks in the Uni
ted States. Maj. General Palmer, acting
uuder this authority, appointed Saturday
night for a grand raid on all the faro
hanks in Kentucky. Every bank in
Louisville was closed up and their stocks
confiscated. Most the men engaged in
them got wind of the movement and left
the city. One at Frankfort was seized,
and tho keeper and dealer arrested. All
others in the State have been shut up.
This descent on the gambling houses, we
understand to be in the interest of the
soldiers, who have been swiudlcd out of
thousands of dollars and left penniless by
A gentleman in New York has -offered
to give S500, in prizes of $200,6150,$100
and $50, to those soldiers who have either
lost their right arm, or have had it dis
abled, who will show tho best specimen
I F lr
j of lelt-
' lUg to
of left-hand penmanship the design be-
induce the men to become skillful
. penmen, in order to , fi themselves for
Tho duty of placing the manacles up
on Mrs. Surratt, escorting her to the
gallows, and supporting her until the trap
fell, devolved upon Lieut. Col. W. I1.
H. M'Call, of Lewisburg, Peuna. When
placing tho irons upon her wrists, sho
told him he was no gentleman, or he
would not do so. Colonel M'C. told her
that it was his unpleesant duty, in obedi
ence to orders, and not his choice. Her
parting salute to him was, 'You are a
scoundrel !" which were about the last
audible words she uttered. -
'Excuse the freedom of tho press," as the
itor said when he hugged his neighbored
Sick-headache is sicknessat the stomach
a tendency to vomit, combined with pain
in some parts of the head, generally at
the left side. Tt is caused by there be
ing two much bile iu the system, from
the fact that this bile is manufactured
too rapidly, or is not worked out of the
system fast enough by steady, active ex
ercise. Hence sedentary persons, those
who do not walk about a great deal, but
arc seated iu the house ncarlv all the
time, are almost exclusively the victims
of this distressing malady. It usually
begins soon after wakiug up iu the morn
ing, and lasts a day or two more. There
are many causes
flirt mnof i i'nn nnnf In
of the stomach by late
and hearty suppers ; by eating too soon
after a regular meal five hours should
at least interveue eating much of any
favorite dish ; eating without an appetite;
forcing food , eating after one is conscious
of having enough ; something which the
stomach cannot digest, or sour-stomach.
Any of these things may induce headache
of the most distressing character in. an
hour; it is caused by indulgence in spiri
tous liquors. When a person has sick
headache, there is no appetite ; the very
sight of food is hateful ; the tongue is
furred, the feet and hands arc cold, and
there is a feeling of universal discomfort,
with an utter indisposition to do any thing
whatever. A glass of warm water, into
which has been rapidly stirred a heaping
teaspoonful each of salt and kitchen mus
tard, by causing instantacous vomiting,
empties the stomach of the bile or undi
gested sour food, and a grcatful .relief is
often experienced on the spot ; and rest,
with a few hours of souud, refreshing
sleep, completes the cure, especially if
the principal part of the next day or two
is spent in mental diversion and out-door
activities, not eating an atom of food, but
driukiug freely of cold water and hot
teas until' you feel as if a piece of cold
bread and butter would really taste good.
Nine times in ten the cause of sick-headache
is the fact that the stomach is not
able to digest the food last introduced in
to it, cither from its having been unsui
table or excessive iu quantity. hen
the stomach is week, a spoonful of the !
mildest, plainest food will cause an at- !
tack of sick-headache, when ten times '
the amount might have been taken in
health, not only with impunity, but with ;
positive advantage. j
A diet of cold bread and butter, and ;
ripe fruits and berries, with moderate j
continuous exercise in the open air, suf- ;
ficient to keep up a very gentle perspira
tion, would, of themcslves, cure almost
every case within thirty-six hours. Two
tablespoonfuls of puftcrized charcoal,
stirred in half a glas3 of water, drank,
generally gives relief.
The Poverty of Statesnieri.
Statesmen who are worthy of the ap
pellation given them, generally fail to se
cure fortunes. They devote themselves
to pursuits, which, if honestly adhered to
rarely yield rich rewards.
Jefferson died comparatively poor." In
deed, if Congrcps had not purchased his
library and given him, five times its
value, he would, with difficulty, have
kept the wolf from his door.
Madisou saved money, and compara
tively rich. To add- to his fortune, how
ever, or rather to that of his widow, Con
gress purchased his manuscript papers,
and paid thirty thousand dollars for them.
James Monroe, the sixth President of
the United States, died in New York, so
poor that his remains found a resting
place through the charity of one of his
friends. They remain in a cemetery in
School street, but no monument marks
the spot where they repose.
John Ouincv Adams left some hund
red and fifty thousand dollars, the result
of industry, prudence and lunentancc.
lie was a man ot mctuod economy.
Martin Van Ruren died very rich.
Throughout his political life he studious
ly looked out for his own interest. It is
is not-believed that he ever spent thirty
shillings in politics, nis party shook
the bush and he caught the bird.
Daniel Webster squandered some mil
lions in his life ftnic, the product of his
professional and political speculations.
lie died, leaving his property to his chil
dren, and his friends. The lormer sold
for less than twenty tuousanu aonars.
the latter exceeded two huudrcd and fifty
nenry Clay left a very handsome es
tate. It probably exceded one hundred
and fifty thousaud dollars. He was a
prudent manager, aud a scrupulously
James K. Polk left about oue hund
red and fifty thousand dollars fifty thous
aud of which he saved from his Presidency
of four years.
John Tyler left thirty thousand dollars.
Reforo he reached the Presidency he watf
a baukrupt- In office lie husbanded his
means, and then married a very wealthy
Zachary Taylor left ouo hundred and
fifty thousand dollars.
Millard" Filmore is a wealthy .wan and
keeps his money in a vory strong and
safe box. It will never be wasted iu
speculation, or squandered in vice.
Ex-President Pierce saved some fifty
thousaud dollars ' from his term of ser-
The value of the estate left by the late:
President Liuclou is estimated at 80,-000.
A Hew Dodge of the Mew York Beggars.'
A newspaper correspondent writes
from New York as follows :
The beggars have lately created a
scusation by a dodge which is as amus
ing as cunning. Fulton Ferry is a great
gate of the city. Hundreds of thousands,
of people pass to and from the city daily
by that route, and as a natural conse-.
quence beggars who go early where thero
is a surplus of wealth to be given away,
congregate on the Fulton ferry-boats. ,
The latest trick is performed bv a man
and small child, the latter in rags and the'
former in a well .worn uniform of blue,"
with oue sleeve empty, the missing arm
being carefully hidden away under tho.
coat. I he plan of the operators is for
the man personating the soldiers to sit in
the ladies cabin of the boat in such a
way that the child, in its tour of begg
ing, approaches him first, soliciting alms..
The false soldier listens to the brief tale
told in an uudertonc by the child, ques
tioning him or her very loudly, and at
last, pulling a well-worn and well-filled
pocket-book from his pocket, hands it to
his nearest neighbor, and asks him (be
ing himself unabe to haudle the pocket-,
book with his single handY to give the
child ten or twenty-five cents. The beg
gars know enough of human nature to'
now that this scene invariably excites.
the sympathy of the spectators, who are
ashamed not to give after seeing the
'poor soldier" do so, and the child gen
erally manages to get quite a respectable
sum of postal currency. This repeated'
once or twice a day at each ferry about
the city gives to the rascally pair a very,
nice iucome. Some of these people make
from eight to ten dollars per da'. Tho
newsboys and bootblacks, of the streets
think they are doing badly if they do.
not make from three to four dollars ef
day; and often their receipts on Sunday
ruu up as high as five dollars.
The manner in which Secretary SeV-
ard came to know of the death of Presi
dent Lincoln was singularly touching.
A corrcspondeut of the Philadelphia Sul
Idtiu says i
He had bceu kept in fgnorancc of the
attack on the President, his physicians
fearing that the shock would, be too great'
for him to bear, and all newspapers were
rigidly excluded from his room. On the
Sunday following the assassination, the
Secretary had his bed wheeled ajouud so
that he could sec the tops of the trees in
the park opposite, just putting on tho'
Spring foliage, when his eye caught tho,
stars and stripes at half mast on the War
Department, on which he gazed awhile,
then turuing to his attendaut, said :
"The President is dead." The attend
ant stammered and changed color as ho
tried to say nay, but the sagacious old
man said : "If he had been alive, he
would have been the first to call on me ;
but he has not been here, nor has he sent
to know how I am, and there's the flajr at
half-mast. The old statesman's inductive'
reasoning had told the truth, and he lay'
in silence,, the great tears coursing down
his gashed cheeks, and the dreadful truth:
sunk into his mind.
John S. Wallace, a merchant of Chi
cago, was arrested recently for using rev
enue stamps two or three times over on
his warehouse receipts. nis manner of
doing it was to put a stamp on a receipt,
and after it had been passed tear it off
and use it again on another receipt.
Numbers of receipts were fouud in his
desk with the stamps off, and the stamps
in an envelope. In this way he confess-'
es to having saved about $35, which will'
probably cost him about $35,000, the pen
alty for each offence being $1,000, with'
the addition of imprisonment. Wallace,
offered 5,000 to the man who arrested'
him if, he would let him off.
A country parish iu Connecticut raised
their parson's salary from 3300 to $4001
per aunuru. The good wan objected for
three reasons : "First," said he, "be
cause you cannot afford to pay more than!
300 ; second because my preaching is.
not worth more than that ; third, becauso
I have to collect my salary, which hereto
fore has been the hardest part of my la-j
bors among-you. If I have to collect an'
additional' hundred dollars it will kill mo."
In one of his terrible menaces Jeff Davis'
declared that when all the men of the
South were put to death in battle, the women.'
would seize their w.capons and beat back'
tho Northern vandals. When captured, the.
"President" evidently thought that the timo".
had come when tho women must maintain.
Southern chivalry. He would himself lead'
them iu petticoats.
An employee in tlie Surgeon Generals of
fice at Washington has discovered a new,
use for petroleum. His invention consists
of a simple process of adhering tho debris of!
dust of coal mines, of yards with petroleum
and in lumps or blacked masses, which ig
nite readily without use of soft' coals or kind-,
llnrrq lncts lnnrror nml rrlveS OUt a mom in-
-"b-l .w.w., o - -. ,
tense heat than ordinary anthracites, anor
costs about half as much.
Dysentery prcyils to' a considerable .ex
tent iu Westchester and Chester county,
Pa., both among adults and children?
Many cases have proved fatal.
An American physican says that the'
human pulse has quickened from seVep..
to ton throbs a minuto during tho last5
fifty years. ."-
Gov. Curtin's'daughter has eloped wittf
aril married a gay soldier boy.