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H. B. MASSES, EDITOR AND PKOl'BIETOB.
OFFICE, CORNER OF CENTRE ALLEY &. MARKET STREET.
3 SFamUn ilctospaprr-artotrt to Dolftfcs, attcraturr, jworalftg, jFovtlgn an Bomcstfc jictog, Scfcitct anb the swa, acrfcttlturr, .fttarttcis, amusements, e.
SUNIIUJIY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA., S ATUR D A Y, ATR IL1 3,
NEW SERIES VOL. I, NO. 3.
OLD SERIES VOL. 8, NO. 39.
1 AL 1YJL JUJ.-JL-U; JL i iL
TERMS OF THE AMERICAN.
THE AMERICAN ia publialieil every Batimhr ut TWO
IKII.I.AItt per nmmm tu be paiil hall jrenrly III ailvnnre.
No naier diwaitinned until all arrrnroirra nrr iri.
All cimniiinieationa nr Icttera "n laieineea r.-taling 1 1 the
office, to iiuure attention, mum be POST l'All).
Three copies to one aiUlrcaa, eVIOU
K-vrn lo in mi
Fifteen 1 l)o 4000
Five rliUm-a In advance will pay for three year'i fubscrip
liun to the American.
One Stqunra of 10 linca, 3 timra,
Kverv auheeqnent inwnion,
One Square, 3 montha,
Httaiiiara Cunla ef Five line, rter annum,
Merrhantaeml others arivertiKina by the
year, with the privilege ofinaertiegilii-
i'errnt ailvertiacinetita weekly.
I f larger Ailvcrtiacinenle, a -er grreinenl.
H. B. MASSEF,.,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Ilusliieea aitcnilej to in the ttnuntiea of Nor
ihuiel erlaml, Union, Lycoming anil Columbia,
P. tt A. POTOCDT,
t.owtn & Biaao,
Koatas 4. SnonoBAX, PMlad.
IUtkoliii, McKALnn &. Co.
Ursatse, 'Joou ir. Co.,
(ieorgv J. Weaver,
ROPE MAKER & SHIP CHANDLER.
No. 13 North Water Street, Philadelphia.
TfAt cnnatanlly on hanJ. aenersl osairt.
(I ment of Cordage, 8cine Twines. Ac., izt
'I'arNJ liot.ee, Fishing Ropea, Whit K.a, Mantl
la Roi.ee, Tow Line for Canal B.iats. A No, a
a.irtinent of Seine rwines, etc. sumi
11... Kt,..l .-.I H-rrim Twine. Hurt Patent (Jill
Nat Twine. Cotton 8haJ and Herrint Twii:r,8h.ie
Threaila, ttr. Ac AIno, Bed Corel, i loimn i.ine.
Haltew, Trace., Cotton an.l l.inen irpet ,n nn.
Ac, all of which ho will disoi f on ri.a.n.il!
Philadelphia. Noremhoi 13, 1I7. ly
Wright') Indian Vegetable RMIIs.
Henrr Maaa.r. Sunt'U'V.
E. it J. Kiuflonn, Aoanati Inwntlii".
John H. Vine nt, Chil!iuqoe.
Kan St Ber(trriaert Elyl'iiri.
fitrnuel II. ill. Little Mahon .y,
William l)ep n. Jackaon.
Irelind and Haynea. MrEwinille.
William Hein.'n & Brother. Milt.n.
Kofaylhe, Wilaon & Co., Nuitliumlierland
Jamea Reed, Potnrove,
G. W. Scott, Rohville.
W. it R FVaely. Hhamokinto-vn.
Rhodea A Farrow. Snyderatnwn,
Amoa T. Beiaell, Turbotaville.
BrnneaiMe HoUhue, Upper Mahonny.
J..hn O. Benn. do ' Jo.
E. L. l'if, Wataontown.
Who!ele,- l the office ai d pener il di'pot, Ifi9
Rare a!., Philadelphia. U c. 18. 1847. 1
Watches & Jewellery
FultJtuxtlcd Gold Lever$fr 40, WartMttd
J AC OS LAD01CTJ3,
No. 246, Market tlrctt. PHILADELPHIA,
HAMconalan'ly on hand a lra naorunenl o(
Gold and Silver VVutchia, at the fullowi g
Full Jewelled Gold Lcvere,
Gold l.epinea, full Jewel ed,
(10 am 10 OU
With a lane aaanrlment nf Fikb JKWfi.LKltr.
anch a ear ring, finger ii"g hrnat pina, brace
tela f.il.t and ailver p.'iiril. eold chaina tec. Il
alao on hand a c mp. te aaoitmenl Lonette. paipnt
and plain Watch ulaaaea, Main 8prin. Veia.ee.
liaia and II m'l- of evury dcacriptinn ; anil in l .cl,
a eomple'e a rlm. it of Walchmnke a' lo U nipl
Watch Material , to which he w uld eill ihe at
tention of the counlry trade in general.
dj" Thoae wishing anything in the a!oe I'ne.
would find it to their advantage to ciH and ex i
mine bit atitck bifoie purchaaing clwhere.
JACOB LA DO VI U,
No. 546 Market atrcel, below 8th,
fh ladelphia, 8pt.2R. 1847. 6m
rpHE CHALLENGE .-We have ol aerv. d e
A. tj pallenlly for year paat ihe feverml at
tetnpta by aome of our fialrrnry. to force a repu
tation which their rofealonal skill alone muat fail
lo give them. And we would continue our ailent
clia. rvntion, tin 'er the conaci iuneaaof an unbol
a(red merit, were it not more than piohable that
thia apeciea of fanfironade may divrtt the public
eye from a candid etaminati.'O into the ineriia of
the multitude of ofeaora in the Daijneriean art.
We would ee merit arek an bonorah a publici
ty, and theiel.y win for itarlf aolden opiniona; but
we di pifO that miaerabla chicanery by which a
mere pretence game an ovation over genuine
wnrtS. It ia to make thia vaulting ambition tiver
ieip itarlf or withdra I'a apurioua elaimt. that we
Itnft ttrapaea vn i'a fancied aeruritv by throwing
(he g'oe foi an honorable leal of akill. Our tage
la fftOb that Ihe average of a given number f da
guerreotye eiecu d at the D.iguerfcan (Jalli'ry
,.( M P. ISIMONX. 179 Cbeanul atnet, v. ill exhi
bit a gre.ler amount of Hrfidion in the art than
any ainular average number (Mm ai y o h r galle
ry iu Ihe Ui.iud 8 ale. Thia i n idle bo.,al
we mean what we aay. We are driiou that ihe
p'ablic ahould giva their pairunaga lo un'iit not
We a-k invealiiation, free, rigid. ini;rii .1 in.
e ti(.tion. W have ll.ro n the glove. Wl o
willpirk it tip 1 M. P 8IMON8,
179 Cheanut t., nppoai'e 8iate llouar, Phiiad.
N. B. It will be undeMo. d by our country
fr'iemla, thai the above challina" haa never yet
hmrn accepted, and we al.o wiah it uinleit..o.l,
that a did nut intend to make by thia wager, aa
we have already rxpne'cd our I ileuiion to appro
uria'e the prixe to aome charitable purpo.
M. P. KIMOX8.
Philadelphia, F.b. 19, 1818. 3m.
rpUE hrireef John Yorum, dee'd., t fler tit aale
J. all that Farm of their attune in Sham kin
townehip, Northumberland county, mar BnulT.
town, and adikiinirig lha old Btamuach aland til
' eaid township. eouuTning about two hundred aerea
mora nf leaa, in a good atj'e pf rultiyjiion, Tbo
Hail R old from 8uubury to bliamoainliiwu paaaea
through ft. For particulira enquire nl
Hl'GU H.TBAT8. 8nuffioa,n,
w JOHN FARNSWOU TH, Bunbury,
Dec 1 1, 1847, or any nf lha t.eira.
A R aay daug
roc la I
Haiaelf, ail araa,
ughler CAROLINE haa thought
i Ireva any bnuaa and provide tor
I araoae are ben by notified not to Irual
ttM an aay eaeeamt front the data hereof, aa I am
tlMWitllng ta pry eoylbing of her contracting. un
aMCOaapcllrl4y Uw. JACOB Kit 12 US
Lower Augusta, March la, IStS at
Tin: irvnist hlet.
Rnali Etpreislnna and llnaty JuiljiiirntH.
''Hut Wii an, awful VViMum? which ina, er:a,
Uiwntn. cnmiuirc, weigha. aepnmtta, iiJVrs,
H,-iwa the rililit, unJ h' Itls it ti lite kil,
1 low rare ?"
With a little reflection, how ninny er
rors would lie avoided, how many difficul
ties escaped ! The rash and hasty ere con
stantly getting into trouble. They jndg-
harshly and abruptly, thev speak thought
lessly and indiscreetly. They form opin
ions in many cases, without having exami
ned all the facts ; they express these opin
ions to others, and thus do much harm, and
often unintentionally. Indiscretion is a
sad error. It causes mischief, produces un
kind feeling, severs many a tie of friend
ship, and leads to many a path of ruin.
And yet all are more or less indiscreet.
They are few who think twice before they
speak once, who have a constant watch
upon their passions, their prejudices, their
minds, their hearts and their tongues. A
few days since, a gentleman visited a friend,
and in the course of conversation, seized
the occasion to contrast the dispositions of
large and small persons, physically speak
in j. He was himself of fine proportions,
and while adverting to some individual who
was very diminutive in figure, he proceed
ed to launch forth in a tirade against small
people generally, said they were waspish,
spiteful, proud, mean, conceited, and inca
pable of cherishing a generous sentiment or
a noble impulse. Nature, he said, had
dwarfed Ihem, not only in person, hut in
mi rul and in heart, and he cited several in
stances by way of illustration. Hut just at
that moment, he chanced to turn in another
direction, and observed the flashing eye and
flowing cheek of a lady of very small sta
ture who happened to be present ; and see
ing his awkward and almost unpardonable
blunder, he attempted to stammer out an
apology, but he was so confused and abash
ed, that every effort only made the matter
On another occasion, not long since, an
individual, who, by the way, had anything
but aristocratic blood in his vains but who,
in consequence of the fortunate speculations
of his father, had inherited a large estate,
was indulging in a strain of great omp and
pride, as lo the high character of his ances
trv, and sneering at what he called "the
mere mechanics and storekeepers of the pre
sent day." His language was addressed to
a beauty and an heiress ; but one whose po
sition and prospects, nevertheless, had not
neutralized her common sense, nor deaden
ed the innate nobility of her heart. She
listened, but with evident impatience in her
manner, and cooly remarked at the close ;
'I presume, sir, that you are a wan that
my father was a mechanic." I lad a thun
derbolt fallen at the feet of the miserable
pretender, he could not have been more
But indiscretions of language and remark
occur every day. There are some people
who seldom fet a story right. They are so
impatient or exciteable, that ther do not
listen with suliicient attention to gather all
the facts; their imaginations are so vivid,
or their habit of exaggeration so bad, that
the real truth is lost sight of ia a world of
misrepresentation. There are others again,
whose prejudices are so strong, that they
color almost every opinion or action of life.
Who has not formed a hasty judgment of
some subject or individual, and found in af
ter years, that thev had committed a fright
ful error i Who has not drawn a portrait
of character upon the mirror of his mind,
added tint upon tint and shade upon shade,
and then discovered, on becoming really
acquainted with the original, that the !,kctvii
htv.l been made by Prejudice and Passion,
and not by Candor and Truth. Pa, lnq.
AFFECT I NO VTOHYOF A.N (IITLHV,
BY JOHN' SEAL.
There was a man bv the name of Haves
who, in consequence of I know not what
violation of the law, had betaken himself to
the region along our frontier, which the
King ol the Netherlands thought proper to
recommend the abandonment of not long
azo. Haves had been well educated, and
was a fiery, intrepid fellow.
"sir," said he to ine one dav, l- am a
sad fellow very childish, very wicked,
arid of course very wretched. J am a fool,
I know, but I can't help it. I never see
a fur cap of that color, pointing to his own,
which lay steaming on a settee, before a
huje roaring fire on the head of a boy I
without feeling as if I could cry my eyes out.
I have been, what you told nie you oace
were a husband aud lather, a proud lather
and a happy husband. You remember the
hres we had in ltH ! m-ii, 1 had cairi'L.
ed out that fall, and was making a fortune,
how and with what view, is nobody's husi.
niss. on netd'nt stare I saw the ques
tion rising to your throat. Well, I had left
my wife; no matter why ; incompatibility
of temper, if you like. All I have to say,
is, that she was altogether too good for me.
Had she been more of a woman and less of
an angel, I should not have been what I am
now an outcast a wanderer a hunted
outlaw. Oh, you need'nt stirc. I've told
you about all that I mean to tell you on
Well, we separated. In plain English,
1 ran away and left niv wife; taking with
me only one child, my poor dear Jerry
the only child I was sure of; for between
ourselves, my good sir, the devil had put it
into my head to bejoulous of my poor wile
and so I left her all the children with
grey and blue eyes, and took with me the
omy one mat resembled me. Ah, il you
could have aeen that boy's eyes ! They
were iiwe sunsnine, though black as death
well, Jerry and I got along pretty well for
nearly throe years, when one. day I recei
ved a letter from my wife, saying that Lu
ther, my eldest boy," and the two blue eyed
babies were in their. gr.iw4wu Wi-re
drowned in each other's urm he. other
died of a br-iken heart u mor,. luhv, but it
pilled itself to death after I disappeared -she
told me so, and I believed her asking
tmfarler, poorfarlcr a hundred times a day,
and whenever it nwoke in the night, and
dying, literally dying, with that word upon
his lips. My wife added, that she was co
ming hom What could I say I knew
thnt I had wronged; that I was a fool- and
a madman ; but what could I say.
Well, our arrangements were made, nnd
I set off to meet her leaving mv poor lit
tle boy at home, with a hired pirl to take
care of him, until I got back. To be sure
that he would not go astray, I had tied a
young iNewloundland puppy, of which he
was very fond, to the post" of his trundle
bed telling him to stay there until I retur
ned with his mother, which might be in
the course of that afternoon or night-fall."
Here he stopped, and his breathing chan
ged ; but after a few minutes, began anew,
in a lower and steadier, though much alter
"Well, sir, we met once more, and she
forgave me : and we were happy. And
so 1 took her into my arms, lifted her into
the saddle, and we started together two
as happy creatures as there were on the
face of the earth notwithstanding the self
reproach and heaviness I felt, on hearing
the particulars of what I cannot bear to
speuk of yet, or even to think of the death
of Luther and his two elder sisters. Poor
Luther poor baby ! Well, we were already
more than halfway back to the place where
she was prepared to se.e her little nestling
asleep, and dreaming of its mother his
dear new mother, as he called, and persist
ed in calling her from the moment I told
him that she was coming to live with us.
Poor little fellow! He had almost forjot
ten her. Suddenly, as we were descending
the top of the hill, our horses began lo snort
my wife cainht my arm, and as I turned
toward her, I saw the whole western sky in
preternatural glow. The woods were on
lire! Before I could sprak, a stranjo dark-
nesi swept by, and I felt as if the hand of
death were upon me. I tried to speak but
could not. I could only urge my wife to
follow, and clapping spurs to my horse, I
rode siraitway to the fire. Once only did
I tura and then only to look back and for
bid her to follow we further.
Well, I arrived at the place, and there I
found bear with me patiently first the
hired girl, frightened half out of her senses,
and hiding under a fence. I asked her for
my boy. She stood aghast at the inquiry.
Her only reply was a wandering of the
eyes as if in search of something. At last,
with great diliiculty, she recollected her
self enough to say, that she had seen the
tire in time to escape with my boy that
being dreadfully fatigued, though "she had
not run far, she sat down to rest herself,
looked toward the path by which we were
expected That some how or other she fell
asleep and that the last she remembered,
was something little Jerry had said about
flying back to untie poor Carlo. My heart
had died away within me. I knew that I
was childless 1 knew it -don't talk tome
I knew it. And it was so. When I ar
rived at my house, I found it nearly de
stroyed by fire aud a little way off lay my
poor boy, with Carlo watching over him.
The child was dead that is Carlo you see
there. My wife is in the mad-house at
Philadelphia and here am I, God forgive
The Woman who Kivsld X.umlf.jx. At
one of tl:s F.:nperor'ii public audieneei, nt
Soli riibrunn, a woman, respectable by her
ne and nr.::iuers. presented herself to him,
Siio paused directly in front of the Ktnperor,
mi I waited sJiae lima in silence. Napoleon,
teeing that the lady said notions to him,
uketl her why she name there 1 "Sire,''
siid she, ,:I dare not confess the object of my
vinit." ''Explain yourself fearlessly, madam,
I will b ir vou."' '-ire, I came to demand
iieitli jr f.Mld nor honors ; I came only to u.sk
permission to kiss your majesty, before I die."
Tin Emperor was quite surprised, and made
haste to grant, with tku best grace in the
world, n request so liltlo btirthensanio lo tho
treasury ; nnd casting a last took upon the
withered, but yet regular and majestic fea
tures of the old woman, he could not forbear
saying, in a half whisper, to Piince Berliner,
who happened lo ba neur him, '-Ifshe had
taken this idea forty years ago ." ''Sire,"
said th 3 old lady, iu a low voice, '-tweuty
years ago this idea haunted me wors-3 than
ut tin present time, but then it would have
been loo dangerous for me." Napoleon
smiled, mid extended a hand to the old lady,
up in which she pressed her lips more re
spectfully, pnihajv, than sho had upon tho
Mozaht'b Retcntive Memort When
Moart was at Rome, he went to the chapel
Sixtittn, to hear tho celebrated Miserere of
Allegri, of which every ono was forbidden,
under pain of excommunication, to take a
copy. Appris?d of this, the ingenious Ger
man placed himself in a retired corner of the
building, whero he could have his thoughts
to himself, aud gave his closest attention lo
every bar. When th performance was o
ver, he hurried home, his head charged with
what he had h"ard, and, by memory, wrote
down ih'J whole of tlutt elaborate composi
tion. Some days after, nt a concert, he sat
dow n to a harpsichord, and, accompanying
himself, sung a pnrt of Allegri'a Miserere.
The profound know ledge of music, and won-
deifrl power of retention, evinced by this ex-
i truurdiiwry cireumstaiice, drew upon Mozart
tho uttention of all Rome, His Holiness hea
rin" of it, caused the young musician to be
presentee!' to him ; w hui instead of repriman
ding his evasion of th? sacred prohibition, he
had lh) lilterulity to receive hint in tho most
craeiona munner, and to create hint a Cheva
I lier of ihe tio'd 'ii Fpnr
LATE FROM MEXICO.
Farther Proceedings of Ihe Court ef Inquiry la
Generate Scott, Worth and Pillow's Case,.
I nterrating Proceedlnga,
We published yesterday a part of Ihe pro
ceedings of th-3 Court of Inquiry appointed to
investigate the charges against Gen. Scott.
We have to-day further proceedings, nnd the
probable explanation of ths report th-it diffi
culties had occurred ngain between Genera's
Scott nnd Worth. The whole conduct of
Gen. Scott in this- investigation is character
ized by arrogance and supercilious bearing
towards both his superiors and his subordi
nates, and his language is nf an insulting des
cription in reference lo his government. He
insults his subordinates because I hey uppeul
cd to tho President which ho regards as an
act of insubordination, aud then turns round
and is guilty of jho same insubordination by
insulting A is superior, the President, for list
ening to the appeal. Gen. Scott's military
fame must be bright indeed, to render such
glaring faults and inconsistencies invisible.
The Case or Major Gknkhal Pillow.
After the members had been qualified in
this case, Gen. Scott rose and read a paper
setting forth at length the nature of the char
ges brought against Gen. Pillow, complaining
of the "release before trial" of an officer ar
rested by him nnd finally giving his reasons
for withdrawing as he therein did, hiscliarges
ngniust Cen. Pillow.
Gen, Pillow look exceptions to tho spirit of
the paper, protested against tho withdrawal
of the charges, and signified his intention to
reply to the paper submitted by Gen. Scott
oa to morrow; to which the Court assented.
Gen. Worth then rose, and informed the
Court that ho should ask to place upon tho
record a paper relative to the one last read.
He could prepare it in an hour, or by to-morrow
Gen. Scott submitted to the Court the fol
lowing document :
"In reference to the construction put by
the Court on tho orders of the President of the
United States, under which it is assembled
that only tho conduct of Major Gen. Scott,
Maj. Gen. Pillow and Bv't Lieut. Col. Dun
can, as set forth in the written accusations
against them, respectively, is to be inqired
into, and not that of Bv't Maj. Gen. Worth,
against whom there was also a written charge
laid before th President of tho United States
And, in reference, also, to the letter of Bv:t
Maj. Gen. Worlh, to tho Co;;r', withdrawing
his appeal or accusation aggainst the said Scott,
but leaving its venom, mainly on jhe ground
I lent the President had done him, the said
Worth, full and ample justice' "
The said Scott several times essayed lo
address tho Court, but was as often stopped
and requested to reduce his rematl;s to wri
ting: with that decision or request of ihe
Court, he now succinctly complies as follows:
Mr. President and Gentlemen rif the Court.
Here, in tho Capital of Mexico, conquered
by the American arms under my command,
I find myself but a prisoner at large the
chief criminal before this Court. Deeply
wounded, my military pride is cast down in
to the dust not by the public enemy but
by the long arm of power from home. All
that could be done in that quarter, to injure,
to degrade and humble me, here and else
where, has bcenaceomplished. But, sustain
ed by the Almighty arm feeling mself
strong iu conscious rectitude strong in mind
and body strong in all tho means ol self-
defence, I bid defiance to my accusers. I
shall not plead the letter with-drawing tho
appeal ugainst me, in bar of trial. Nay, I
challenge the writer of that leiler to come
forward aud do his worst. But, no doubt, he
thinks aud with reason that Ac Au done
his worst. Here, in view of tho enemy, he
has caused me to be struck down from the
high and honorable command of a most "al-
laut and triumphant army. He has caused
me, First. To bo pre-judged and punished
at home, and then to bo brought forward and
tried again, whilu be, my junior, has been
pre-aequilled and rewarded. The President
has, we are exultiugly told, dono him 'full
and ample justice.' Yes, sir, in double mea
sure : justice to his pride, and justice to his
vengeance. Let him, Mr. President, go forth
rejoicing, in Ihe plenitude of Executive favor.
Without envying him his honors, I shall, at
tho end of this Court, havo dono with hiiu
forever.' Again, Mr. President, I repeat, my
attitude is that of defiance." .
Gen. Worth rose and begged eriuissiou
to make a few remarks, but was interrupted
by Gen. Scott, who stated that as he was not
before the Court he had no right w hutever to
The President remarked that such irregu
larities could not be permitted, uihui w hich,
(Jen. Scott desired the President not to ad
dress his remarks to him at the same time
looking towards Gen. Worth, as if they should
have been intended for him. (Gen. W)
Several letters were then read, which wo
have not room for, iu reference to the trial
and the reasons assigned by Gen. Scott for
withdrawing tho charges against Gen. Pillow.
The following note from Gen. Worth pretty
effectually replies to Gen. Scott's insulting
remarks. Il is cool and to the purpose.
Mr. Pr'ciident and Gtutlcmtn of tin Court :
Having without reservation, in my letter to
this Court, dated the 14th itistant,'and for rcn
sous therein stated, withdrawu lay charges
against Major General Scott, it is with feel
ings of deep' regret tliht I find myself called
upon again to allude to this subject J: but the
paper this' day preseuted,' and rrrnl to thia
Court, rnulers it my duty to do u I am
misunderstood or misrepresented, here or
elsewhere, in respect lo the course I have felt
it my duly to pursue, iris my misfortune
that course was the dictate of my own heart
its propriety confirmed by my own judg
ment. I shall say nothing in relation to tho ap
peal of Major General Scott to sympathy, or
the attitude of defiance ho has thought pro
per to assume before this Court this is, at
all times, a matter of taste, and is alike the
resort of ihe innocent and the guilty.
Nor sliall I remark upon tho violent de
nudations he has been pleased to level a
gainst his Government, whose commission
he bears, and whose lawful decisions he is
bound in my duty and in honor to respect ;
neither shall I allude to the origin of the
difficulty between General Scott and mysell
the facts of the case are before the public
and lam willing to abide the impartial judg
ment of my countrymen.
I merely propose to set Major General
Scott right in a few errors of fact, into which
an excess of feelings, or malign influences,
seem lo have hurried him.
General Scott says I havo caused him "to
be prejudged and punished at home, and
then to be brought forward to be tried again
which he, (meaning General Worth,) my
junior, has becu pre-acquilted and reward
ed." "If General Scott means to say that his
Government has "prejudged" and "punished"
him, ho cither mislates or misunderstands
It will be seen by reference to the facts al
ready before the public, that the General-in-chief
attempted to stifle, my accusations, by
shifting himself, by an exercise of power,
from the position of an accused, to that of a
prosecutor, which if permitted, would be to
establish a precedent of service most fatal to
the rights of every member of the profession
as guarantied to the humblest, by the rules
aud articles of war.
I appealed lo the Government for protee.
tion against what I conceived to be injustice
on the part of Major General Scott towards
myself as I had an unquestionable right to do
and for that 1 was arrested. This Court has
been ordered to investigate as to Ihe matter
of my appeal. Tho usages and interests of
tho service, as well as the rights of the par
ties concerned, required that Major General
Scott should bo suspended from command,
pending the investigation.
Where, then, is to be found tho "pre-judgment"
and "punishment" so bitterly com
plained of ( Certainly not in the action of
tho Coverr.ir.i nt and tven if found there!
wherein am I responsible for it 1 But, if Gen
Scott means that public opinion has "pre
judged" and "punished" him, still less can
I be held accountable for the decision of that
tribunal it judges mpn according to their
acts. Public opinion is a severe, but upright
judge, before whom "the innocent have no
thing to fear the guilty nothing to hope."
As regards my own case, I have not been
"preacquitted," nor have I been "rewarded."
The charges of Major General Scott against
me have not been dismissed, nor do I desire
that they should be. I am prepared to meet
not only the specific charge preferred against
me, but also that "other probable matter,"
wherew ith I havo been menaced. But, as
the charge preferred against mo by Major
General Scott was based upon my appeal to
the Government against the injustice of that
olficer towards myself, the Government, iu
accordance w ith law und justice, has suspen
ded the accusations against me, until those
previously preferred by me shall have been
In reference to the "reward" spoken of by
Major General Seott, ho can only mean my
assignment to command according to my
brevet of Major-Generu, by the President of
tho United Slates. If correct in this conjec
ture, the illusion is most unfortunate ; inas
much as the President, by this act, only did,
in accordance with law, what Gen. Scott liad
done, in violation of it nearly ono year be
fore the propriety of which act on thu part
of General Scott, I, at the time, repudiated.
General Scott has been pleased publicly to
announce that at the end of this Court he
shall "bo done with him (me) forever." Be
it so. I have the consolation of knowiug that
iho lies of friendship, formed from intimate
personal and professional association, and
strengthened, for thirty five years, by many
reciprocities of kindness and obligation have
not been broken asunder by any act of mine.
Very respectfully submitted,
W. J. Worth,
Bvt. Maj. Gen. U. S. A.
Mexico, March 17, 1848.
Subsequently, in consequence of Gen. Pil
low desiring lo meet the charges, they were
presented by General Scott, and occupy sev
eral columns of the Delta. They are known
to the public, however, to arise out of the au
thorship of the Leonidus letter.
Deafness If the auditory imrve has lost
its sensibility; deafness is incurable. To as
certain this, lot tho head be struck by a vi
brating string' or instrument ; tho scull i an
excellent transmitter of tho wave of vibration
luut henco if the nerve of hearing is 'not des
troyed it will appreciate the effect. . Any one
can readily apply the test
A very pioui Suitor, when requested to ship
ou board a brig very seriouaiy informed the
owners tliat he obeyed the) Scriptures, and
that they declared no man could honestly
servr rum wrar-vra.
j The Church of the Pilgrims at Brooklyn,
N. Y., has just been relieved of a debt of
1 $18,000, by subscription.
CAtSEJI A!D ANTIDOTE OF C GKM'MFTIOX.
Tho largnr the lungs ths more perfect their
development, the less I Ivy uro liable to pul
monary consumption. That thrj more they
are exercised the larger they will become ;
that as we take active or laborious exercise
our lungs will bo continually enlarging ; and
that ou the contrary indolence, want of exer
cise, &c, will render the lungs smaller, until
by absence of air the air cells will close up
and coilapsc their walls. ns a bird folds up its
plumage. By this we learn that pure air,
and even cold, air becomes more dense, is
tho best friend te tho lungs, and should be
resorted to w ilh the greatest confidence, both
to prevent and cure llteir diseases.
It is found in the history of the American
Indians at ono time numbrrjng many mil
lions of people, nnd inhabiting from the most
extreme point north to Patagonia south ; em
bracing all varieties of climate and location ;
resting in tho frigid, temperate nnd torrid
zones ; occupying every variety of situation
on the sea-board, and on the boarders of the
lakes, on the tops of the hudiest lands, nnd in
the most secluded valleys on the widespread I
and open prairies, and in the most arid dc- GOOD SOCIETY,
serts; the countries of the greatest humidity, It should be the aim of young men to gti
and w here it rarely every rains, ns in Peru, into good society. We do not mean tho rich)
yet in all these countries, aud every where, the proud and fashionable, but the society of
such a thing as a case of puhnomary con- 'he wise, the intelligent and the good. Whera
sumption has never occurred, whilst these '011 ''"d men that know more than you do,
people remained iu their savage state. Bring ' nl,d from w hose conversation one can gather
them into our settlement, civilize them, und information, it is ahyay safe lo .bo found,
let them adopt our habits, nnd they become ! It has broken duwn many a man, by associa
as liable to consumption ns ourselves. By j ting with the low and vulgar whero the ri
what peculiarities is the Indian distinguished i h'l'd song was inculcated and the indecent
from the civilized American ! First, the A- story to excite laughter and influeneo tho
merican Indian is remarkable forlhesymme- j bad passions. Lord Clarendon has attributed
try of bis figure. "Stniii'ht as nn Indian" is ! hi success and happiness in life, to associa
an old proverb, whoso truth is instantly re. j big wilh persons more learned and virtuous
cognised by all who ever saw the wild Indian: j than himself. If you wish to be wise and
his chest is perfect symmetry; his shoulder respected if you desire happiness and not
blades are laid flat against his chest, and the ' misery, we advise you to associate with tho
whole weight of his nnns, shoulders and intelligent and the good. Strivo for mors!
shoulder blades is thrown behind the chest( excellence and strict integrity, and you never
thus expanding instead of contracting it. The will be found in the sinks of pollution, and
naked chest und the whole person is often on the benches of retailers and gamblers
exposed to the open pure air, n. ver stoop in , Once h ibituate yourself to a virtuous course
gait and walk, and pursue no avocation that onen secure a. love of good society, and no
contracts the chest, or prevents its free ex-! punishment would be greater than by acci
pansiou ; often wash themselves in pure cold j dent to be obliged for half a day to associate
water, exercise th? lur.gs freely by nthletic 1
exercise, running, racing, the chase, frequent,
ly dancing and shouting', &c, most vehe
mently nearly all day. The same ha'Js true
in regard to animals.
Animals in their w ild state never have the i
... . i
consumption, whilst animals domesticated j
have it as tho moukev, the rabbit, thu horse i
&c. Consumption is a child nf civilization! j
results chiefly from the loss of symmetry,
and from effeminacy induced by too much
clothing, too luxurious living, dissipation, tool.
little exercise, and debilitation, disease and
If there is any appellation that will apply
to us as a nation, it is round shouldered.
Tito lmVwf .if .ftnlpnr.!inrr flin iKnt liv s'iimty. f
iug is formed in muUidutcs at seluio1, or out
of school, by not holding themselves erect
either sitting or standing ; and it is a matter
of habit in a great degree ; tailors, shoema.
kers, merchants, clerks, students, seamstres
ses, in fact all whose occupation causes them
to stoop at their work, or Ht rest, or at plea
sure or amusements.
Practice will soon make sitting perfectly
13 1 J
prnet vnfitlv morn nereenhln nnd less fatimie-
ing thau a stooping posture. To persons pre- .
disposed to consumption, these hints us re-!
gards w riting or reading desks are of the
greatest importance. In walking the chest
should be carried proudly erect aud straight,
the top of it pointing ra.lu r backwards thati
The North American Indians) who never
had the consumption, are remarkable for
their perfectly ereel straight walk. Next to
this, it is of vast importance to tho consump
tive to breathe well. He should make a
practice of taking long Krcains, sucking in an
the air ho can, and h ld iu the chest as long
as possible, un going lino uie com air, m- p0Vt.,ty.stricken opinion of tho majority of
stead of shrinking from it, draw in a long I my They aw t,orruptej ,he misca!
breath of the pure cold uir. Do this a bun-1 leJ rt.fu,ements of the age, so inflated with
dred times a day if you have any symptoms , Jd m foojBd b rtlliuon & 0 the)
. , C-l 1 1 i '
of weak lungs, as it will cure you. Should
you have a slight cold, bo iu the habit of
drawing in a full chest of air.
Luxurious feathers or down beds should be
avoided, as they greatly tend to effeminate
the system and reduce tho strength, lor this
reason beds should be clastic, but rather firm
and hard ; straw beds, hair mattresses, these
on a feather bed are well ; a most excellent
mattress is made by combing out the husk or
shuck of Indian corn. 1 first met theso beds
in Italy they are delightful, Cold uleeping
rooms are generally the best especially for
persons, but all should bo comfortably warm
in bed. Dr. S. S. Fitrft on Con.ium;ion.
A Bear Whipped. Tlw Miner's Prospee,
give an account of a regular sot-to in Potosi
Mo., tho other day, between a man named
Silvers, and a bear weighing 300 lbs. It was
a fist fight, rough and tumble. The bear
was placed in a room ami unchained, when
his daring antagonist, dressed from head to
foot in buckskin, met him, and after a severe
struggle in which tho man was slightly
woundod, Bruin fairly turned tail, though, by
"he way, he hadn't much left of that, and the
spectators acknowledged tho powerful ani
mal cohquerd. .Silvers has p hulletiged the
beat for a second UiaJ, aud Urg) beta Site al
ready ituulc. .
NaVj tell me not of each bright spo'f ,
here Home's proud eagle, fled
Tho martyr's pence of hopeless Grr ecj
Where blood like rain was shed !
For tnt m'ry light's fair Princeton's height;
Where freedom fought and wonj
And he who led to clory's bed,
Was our own Wathiugton.
I know that fame hath many a namo
That time cannot destroy, .
And vonth and ngn shall read the page,
That tells of fallen Troy. .
But proudly hung a banner flung
Out o'er "the walls ef Time
Thre shines ns bright in living light',
The nnino of Brandywiuo.
I oft hnvn rend nf England's dead
Who slept at Wutteiloo , . .
Of thnse w ho h 'm ath India's sky,
To king and country line,
But never word my heart has stirred,
.or can its fibres thrill,
As when I rend nf those who bled
And died at Bunker Hill.
The sons of Frauce tiave lain the lance)
Of haughty foeman low
On many a plain of haughty Spain
Still sleep the haughty foe,
And Greece mav boast of heroes lostj
Of her own Marathon,
But there is not another spot
Hath reared a Washington! '
' - '
with the low and vulgar.
Jefferson, in one his letters, gives tho fol
lowing daguerreotype sketch of the reigning
kings of Europe, as they appeared in his
! Louis XVI was a fool of my own know
j ledge, and in despite of the answers madn
j for him on his trial. Tho king of Spain waa
j a fool ;, and of Naples the same. They pas-
i -...I ii,,.:. i;..... : u...: J .1 ,-u.. i
, . . V . ,, ,, ....
I, , , .vn v. uw .nuq i.uui niiiu iiitrj- linn ti
led the preceding days. The king .of Sardi-
i uia was a fool. All these, were Bouibous.
The Q ieen of Portugal, a Braganza, was an
j idiot by nature, and so was the king of Den-
mark. Their sons, as Regents, exercised tho
' iui'iif nf imi'iirimipnl Tho kirnr nf PrilKAi.t.
., t " . iA.fC ....
t llio a'li'i'i.iiarir nt tho frost rroiiorir.K. wig tk
! mere hog in body as well ns in mind. Gus
j tavus of Sweden aud Joseph of Austria were
I really crazy, and George of England was ill
i a strait waistcoat. There remained then
I ....ca nl.l rntlinrinn nf Trilttiiin u ViA rmii
i, ,., .ij ,i ,.u.
I t.i.i,M i.ii lnti.lv Tiirlfiii im to hnve hmt nor
I . . i . "
commonsense. Iu misstate Bonaparte lound
Ei!rop-, and it was this state of its rulers
which lost it with scarce a struggle. These
animals lwd becomo without mind and powa
erless, nnd so will every hereditary monarch
be after a few generations.
A Sr.nMQS for Yocno Ladies. Dow, Jr.
in one of his late sermons, give the following
advice to young ladies :
"My young Maidens 1 know you all want
to get married as soon as you enter yout
leens; but it is better to remain single and
,iv(J upon ,he colJ of goijdo, than to
marry misery or Wld w0 , have but a
soil on which they live, s.) given to cultiva
ting whiskers and moustaches, while their
morals are in a most w retched state for w ant
of weeding, and so overgrown with hair, va
nity and laziness, that scarcely one iu twenty
is worth being entrusted with a wife."
An Important Isvestioh. An ingenious
man at Boonslxiro, Md., has invented a pro
cess for hulling wheat. The outer husk or
skin of the berry is removed very perfectly
beforu grinding. This prevents the great
loss of Farina, which now results from grind
ing both together, and so saves from forty lo
titty pounds of w heat in making a barrel of
Thf. Case of Mr. Nvt;:.NT andtiieTp.Ija
tv. The United States Court, oh Friday,
decided unanimously, that Mr. Nugent, wha
had been committed by the Senate for re
fusing to say from whom ho had received
the copy of the secret papers touching th
Mexican treaty, aud who had beeu brought
before the Court on a writ of habttn corm,
should be remaiuled into the custody of tbo
scrzeant-at-arms of the Senate
Goon ron Lawyers. The will of Ihe
late Peter Miller, bequeathing 3 or ? 400,
000, in Easton, Pa., is to b c Rtod
his nephww from Ohio.