H. B. MASSER, EtittOR AND PROPRIETOR.
OFFICE, CORNER OF CENTRE ALLEY & MARKET STREJT.
EEMe-EWEEBE, MMHB HHHMHMBMMMBMMMMMMMMB'
SI ama Jletospilpcr-Drtotrt to Holftfcs, llttcrnturr, JttoralHu, jF-mfott an Domestic Sictos, Scfcne an the arts, aorCculturr, Wnrltets, amusement, t.
NEW SERIES VOL. 1, NO. 8.
S UNBURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA., SATURDAY, MAY 20, 1 8 IS.
OLD SERIES VOL. 8, NO. tX
l 1 IV II II II II TV II II I t 1 1 I
1 1YJL JJJJ JL ll- JL V r&.
', TERMS OF THE AMERICA.
THE AMERICAN it publlahed r7 Saturday at TWO
DOLLARS pet annum to be paid half yearly in advance.
No paper diacontinued until AU. arrennira are paid.
Atteommnmeolionaor leMereon f dating to the
office, lo inaore attnitioii, muat lie POfel PAW.
in.... 1m tii nnn addrcu. 9800
F - k, 10 00
Fifteen Do Do BOW
, Five dollara in advance will pay for three year'a aubacrip
lioa to the American.
One Square of 16 linea, 3 time,
Every aubwqiient hwertion,
Jhie Square, 3 month.,
BadiiaaCarda of Five linea, per annum,
Marchanta and other.. Mlvertiaing by the
year, with the priviUf e of inaerticg dif
ferent advert incmmta weekly.
tr Larger Adverliaemcnta, a. per agreement.
E B. MASSES.,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Busineaa attended to in the Counties of Nor
thutrderland, Union, Lycoming and Columbia.
b J 1 Pnwntl TIT. 1
I .aw . Ar R.aaoK.
Rnaiaa &. 8onA., yPhilaJ.
Riikold., McFabiahd &. Co.
8pI!i,'3ood & Co.,
George J. Weaver,
BOP8 MAKER & SHIP CHANDLER.
No. 13 North Water Street, Philadelphia.
MAS eonstantl on hand, a ttenfml aseort
ment of Cordage, 8eine Twinee. ie, m :
Ropes, Fishing Ropea, White Rope. Maml.
ta Ropea, Tow Line for Canal Bnata. Also, a
complete aaaortmei.t of 8rine Twinea, Ac. .urh a
Hemp 8had and Herring Twine, Beat Patent Gill
Net Twine, Cotton 8had and Herrina. Twir.e, Sh.w
Thread.. &e. &e- Also, Bed Cord.. Plnaeh Linea.
II altera. Trace.. Cotton and Linen Carpet Chain..
Arc, all of which he will diapoee of on r.a.nn;.l.le
Philadelphia, rteVember 13.1B47. lj
Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills.
Henry M.ar. Sunhu'y.
15. A. J. Kauffman, Augusta lown.hip.
lohii H. Vine nl, Chilli.quaque.
Kaae & BfiR.itM.er. Ely-burg.
S.muel HVrb, Little Mahon.iy,
William Deppnn. Jack.-n.
IreNnd and tlayne. McEwrnsville.
William Heinrn & Brother, Milton.
I'm.ylhe, Wilartn & Co., Noithumberl.nd
Jamea Reed, PotKgrove.
O. W. 8cott, Raohville.
W. & R Frgely. Shamokinlown.
Rhode. & Farrow. Snyderatown.
AmoaT. Beieell, Turbut.ville.
Be nneville Hol.hue, Upper Mahonny.
J.hn O. Renn, do do.
E. L. Pi er, Watniown.
Wholesale, at the office and general depot, 169
Race at., Philadelphia. D c 18. 1847. ly
TUB CHEAP BOOK STORE.
D A1TIELS & SMITE'S
Cheap New tc Second iiakd Booe Sioite,
North Wctt earner nf fourth and Arch Streeti
Law Booka, Theological and Classical Book.,
BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORICAL BOOKS,
SciEKTiriC AKD MaTBEWATICAL BoiKE.
Juvenile Books, in great variety.
Hymn Booka nd Prayei Book., Bible., all aire.
Blank Books, Writing Paper. andStationary,
Wttml ot' a-it Httaii.
rr Oca twice, are much lower than the aioixia price.
LL. liberie, and amall parcel, of book, purchaaed.
iV Bo k. imported to outer irom Louaun.
rhiladelphi., April 1, lM8-y
POETEB. & E1TGLISE,
GROCERS COMMISSION MERCHANTS
and Dealer, ia Seeda,
No 3. Arch St PHILADELPHIA.
Con.lantly on band general ttortmeat oT
GROCERIES, TEAS, WINES, SEEDS.
To which they re.pectf-illy inite the attention
r tk. nuhlie.
All kind, of country produce taken in exchange
for Groceriea or.aoia on voiuniai
Philad. April 1. 1848
OLITffiE & XfiOL AIT,
Importers and Dealee. la
nmi WORSTED, cisnssBs, PATTERNS,
rnnnn. Needles, Pins, Sewing Silk,
. a n i- I. ('latin. Steel Tauele, Steel
8,P.. Ring.. Pur.V61a.pa. Plain and Shaded
Purae Twi.t, Trimming.,
Fancy Goods, &c
r whnlesule Dealers, at the
l. neap jot vua. v "
...u, Thread and Keedle Store,
No. . K A-Hi Cnut Street..
April 8, 1848
rtmtT PREMIUM rJ""""""
- - MawaL
niur KITHSCKlBttt naaoeen ,.. ......
'1 for.be of. CONRAD .MEYERS CLLL
auaTKI) PREMIUM ROSE WOUJJ rlAlvua,
at ibia nlaca. These Piano, have plain, ma.
.".".'nS beautiful e.t.rio, nni.h. and for depth
oi tone, and ele.anc.of workm.r .b.p, ... not
'U!d1-,rrnt. ar. hiahly appro.ed of by
-" . rt. i.-a unim
ta inoat eminent Prof.aaora aud Compo.er.
vj...;, i. ,w,m and ether citiee.
. Prnfaaaoia aud L'ompo.era of
is.. ....lit;.. r tone, touch and keeping I
ten. upon Concert pitch, they cai.it suepas
ed by either American or European Piano..
. i .. .. ... ik.t Madame Cattallan, W. V
and hie sitter, the cele-
i ....j d..;., .nd man others ol the mo.t die-
Dl.icu t - t,-am inatru
tincwi.hed performer., bare tten lEese in.tru
"J1" Pr.efe"n.e V"?"J 7... notice of the
..A. . c.tTiK.tiBna.aud the last Silver Medal
L- Th. p.anktiu loetitute in 1843. was awarded
to them, which. w'P'T,!"'
Mof source, may b. seen at tbt are room Kio.
Mr2 aZ, Silver Medal was awarded to C.
Mver bv toe r ranKiin ihb"i v--
the e.l l-iano "-- , .. . r-..t,i: i.,;
A..ii tho eKh.bition oi i
'""ft' . 'u'"!.-., W
' . .' . .. u.k.i. f Iha vaar
tir. f on tbe i Tundtbal be bad made still creat-
!!fr,0.".im.tu in bis loauument. w.th.o th.
h. l...n awarded ""'"" .
. j .1... u. k.ii rnici .tin Kraai
mat 13 saonths. . .... . Tr..Lii
,U. Meyer, .. .Uhili-n. Sent.
At Koatoe.St M.d.l and Di-
urea io m .""7- - ---.t. . .
Www, . . - " ...
b.war. roraeas are v . . , ,w h.
, 1 o 'l
r Mever race
I - r.. ik. Waal tauar Pisue i "
FitHlW lb. aS...f.e-
GEMS OF POESY.
The flowers are up the fields are green.
The sky is calm and clear,
And joyful leaps the limpid stream
To greet the summer here.
The birds are singing merrily,
Their hearts are blithe and gay,
And in their sweetest melody
We hear the song of May.
The leaves are op'ning on the trees,
The blossoms on her bough,
And every softly sighing breeze
Breathes sweetness o'er us now.
From the icy bounds the spring is free,
And as it trips along
To kiss tho flowrets on the lea,
We hear its gladsome song,
Oh, nature ! fair and bounteous dame,
How charming sweet thou art ;
Thy magic awakes the flame
Deep sleeping in the heart ;
And hopes that there have blighted lain,
Enshjined in mem'ry's urn,
Thou callest into life again,
And bid them fondly burn.
Thou cheerost with they placid smile,
And makest all things gay,
The spirit crushed in woe the while
Feels joy to gaze on thee.
Each leaf and flower that springuth up
Beneath thy watchful care,
Hath power to soothe affliction's cup,
And dry pale sorrow's tear.
For in the smallest works we trace
The promised joys, of man,
In realms where all is bliss and peace,
And sorrows all unknown.
Soul soothing thought, where grief and pain
Marks out our fated way,
To feel that we a home may gain,
Where it is always May.
We are indebted to a friend at Canton,
China, for the Singapore Times of the
14th January, containing the following in
teresting narrative of the sufferings of a part
of the crew of the American whale ship
Lawrence, wrecked on the coast of Japan :
Batavia, 28th December, 1847.
Sir, Under the impression that it would
not be wholly uninteresting to you and
your readers, I take the liberty to send you
herewith for publication in your paper, if
you choose, a short account ol the loss ol
the American whaler Lawrence, and my
captivity, together with G of the crew, in
The ltwrence, under command ol cap
tain Baker, sailed from the port of Pough
kecpsie, N. Y., on the 10th July, 1845,
bound on a whaling voyage, un tne zan
May, 1846, in lat.44 30 N., long. 153 E.
in the vicinity of the Japan Islands we en
countered a heavy gale, at which time we
had a whale alongside, and kept the ship
drifting free. At about 10 or 1 1 o'clock at
night she struck on some rocks and imme
diately fell over on her starboard side and
bilged. Captain Baker then ordered his
boat to be lowered, and, taking some men
with him, got into the boat, saying as he
left the ship's side, "each man lor himselt,"
or other words to that effect. It was very
dark at the time, and after he left the ship
j .awnothlng more of him
1 he first mate,
Mr. Myers, then attempted to lower his
boat with eight men in her, in doing which
he accidentally slipped the bow tackle,
which plunged her bows under water, and
on the boat's coming up under the counter,
she was stove to pieces, and all, with the
exception of one man who I saved, must
have perished. I could hear their cries in
the water but could not see any one of
them, as it was so dark
I then got the remaining boat ready and
left the ship with 7 men, who I think were
all that were left of the crew. We
took with us a little bread and water
and some harpoons and cordage and steer
ed about S. W. On the second day all the
water and food we had were consumed and
from that day to our making the land, we
u.j . . .!,..:( t. ii
lldU IluillllijL lj ouuaioi un. .nun ru ail
the time and we had hardly any covering
i....r -tL. -
on our bodies to protect us lrom the pier
cing cold. One of the men named Hiram
Yates, who was sick when he left the ves
sel, died on the 3d day and we buried him
in the sea. At last, on the M June, wc
perceived land, for which we steered and
entered into a larse bav where we could
discover no marks of any living being.
We landed and caught a seal, the meat of
which we cooked and ate together with
some grass we found near the beach. It
was the only food We had tasfed since the
. . . va than atmllwl alnno- the
I , ot " T - v - - - o
leavinz one man to take care of the
boat, and striking inland for about a mile
we came to bamboo cottage with a river
runnjnz between it and us. We hailed
them repeatedly but nothing made its ap-
w (hen for an
hour expecting to see some body go in or
4,T t l, . i,: a j ,
uui oi mc iwuor, um ".
and it was setting dark we returned to the
r " " i. i a i ..u ...
I he man we naa leu in nenom u
that dun8 our absence he had been visited
I kv iwn men wlinm he invited to come and
) " . . " . . .
i ... .,;h h m h. thav roriioon in tin an.
iit witn hirn but they refused to
T. lhen :nquired'of him by .
many of us there were, and on hisiutima-
ling t. tamate th.y .Prrt
frightened and ran away
The next morning we got into the boat
and steered for the mouth of a river on one
aide of the ba"y as we approached 'A, we
caw what appeared to us to be a fort with
spears glistering in the sun above the walla,
but on coming nearer we found it was a
piece of cloth extended about three rjusr
ters of a mile and painted so to represent a not reply, then in French which we alio
fort with guns. Here as we landed about did not understand. He then spoke Eng
60 men armed with swords and spears ran lish and said "If there arc any John Bulls
towards us and motioned us to go away.
We however coutinued approaching them
until we got very near, when We all fell
on our knees before them. One of them the circumstances relative to our ship
came up to me and would have struck me wreck, &.c. &c. all which were interpreted
down with his sword hut his hand was held
back by an old man, who stood behind him.
I made signs to them that we were harm-
less people and wanted lood. After much
talking amongst themselves they brought
us some rice and fish which we ate. They
then again motioned to us so be off. I took
them to our boat and made signs to them
that it was impossible for us to go to sea in
such a small thing, and that if they would
p-ive us the materials for building a larger
one, we would go away in it. On this
there was another consultation amongst in ail ol close and strict conlmement, pn
them and one of them wrote something on vation, and ill-treatment, we were libera-
a piece of paper and sent a man away with
it. In about half an hour he returned with
a letter which was read aloud by one of
them, and we were then ordered to get into
our boat again after being searched and de-
prived of every thing about us. They
then got another boat to tow ours up the
river along which we proceeded in this
way until wc got into a lake, on one side
oi wnicn stood a house covered all round
with mats, which we were made to enter,
We remained in it until night, when
they came again with lanterns and ordered
us to follow them, motioning to us, that if
we endeavored to go in any other dircc
tion we would be killed. We followed
them on foot for 3 or 4 hours until we came
to a town where we were introduced into a
brick building that appeared to be the pris-
on of the town. They then locked us all
up in a small cell and kepta vigilant watch
over us the whole ot the night. In the
U' ""S "'I
wie nuuse ui tne jrut'riitjr, wnere we were i
,. , i " i , , i
nnestinnpn nnri pvntninorl nrwl ncL-n1 ,F wn 1
. r. , u n , " ,,
were i.niiMiiiieii, mier which mey leu us
again to our prison. Not a day passed
without our being examined and questioned
regarding our country, religion and every
other particular that could be thought of.
They made themselves understood to us by
sight and principally by drawing on paper,
at which they were very expert. In this
prison we continued for about eleven
months, and not once did we set a single
foot out of it during that time. Every (lay
we had an allowance of rice, fish and wa
ter, and once they gave us a sort of liquor
called sakie. We drank it, and it naturally
revived us and made us feel a little nior.'
cheerful ; they then again examined us and
took down our depositions in writing, think
ing perhaps that tinder the influence of the
liquor we would give them whatever in
formation we had before endeavored to su)
press. About this time all the men, to
gether with myself, fell sick, and what with
. i. ' l. .. . t ......1.1.. ..:.....!,... ......... In
11113, 111" IIUM-'I I1U1C MlUUUUJl H C 1U IC 111,
and the bad treatment we met with from
our guards, who frequently struck us and
insulted us in every possible way they
could, we gave up all hopes of ever getting
out ot our prisons alive.
Wc got better however, and were intorm-
ed that we had to go on to Jeddo, where
the Emperor lived. They put us on board
of a Junk and stowed us all in the hold a
dark, filthy place, and during the time we
were in her, some J or 4 months, not a
single moment Were allowed to step on
deck, to breathe the fresh air, or1 see the
light. One day we were made to wash
ourselves, and clean clothes were given us
& we were conducted into the cabin which
was beautifully fitted up with silk and gold
ornaments, they then gave us each a carpet
to sit upon, and made us understand that
we had arrived at a city called Mateamai
where the Emperors son lived and that he
was coming on board to see us. By and
by we heard a great stir out side, and all
the people about us fell on their faces to the
ground and we were made to do the same.
Shortl' after the prince entered the cabin
accompanied by a numerous suit. We
were then again examined before him, and
this time the questions were put to us by a
Japanese who spoke .Dutch and who com'
municated with us through one of our men,
Murphy ells, who also sixiku a little
Dutch. This lasted for about an hour, af-
er which the prince departed and in the
evening we received a box of sweat meats
which they said was from him. He was a the mass after that. The cloth is then taken gazinsr, fifty colored persons some of u horn
young man of handsome appearance, and , ,he room where it js made into an infinite were nearly as white as myself. A large ma
on the whole seemed kindly disposed tow- ie, of SUOl , which is adapted. The iority of the number were those who attempt-
ards us. The next day we continued on
day we continued on
our voyage, and were again left to the mer
cy of our jailors. We then arrived at anoth
er city when we were each put into a box
the lid of which was fastened down upon
us, and in this way we were carried to the
Hefc we underwent another examination,
the questions being put to us by the same in-
. t . I . l . - . a. .
icrpeier wno actea in mat capacity at lwai-
! aTL B,eA"Alll
satnai. i neir cniei omeci in mis as in an
uie examination we went mroiign was io
find out whether we were not really Eng-
imiiiicii auu a am ui ui'llliuil lllui uau wc
confessed ourselves of that nation, we would
I .hm... .n.t T . .r n,., l I ....
all have heen Ulln TK. ini.ri ilrl
us to beware how we tried to mislead them
as they would find out Who were when we
got to Nagaskie; They then brought a box
from which they took out a print of the
crucifixion, and told us to put our feet upon
it on our nesitating to do so, tne guards
drew out their swords and threatened to
kill us, and so compelled every one of us
. . ii . j .
to trampie on uie prim, ana spu upon it. -A
couple of epauletts was then shown to
us. one an tngtisn naval olhcer's and one
an American, and were t&ed wjiich of
them belonged to our country. After this !
were again conducted to prison. One day
we were again summoned to the town hall, j
when we were surprised to see a roan in
European dress sitting amongst our judges.
He took no notice of us at first, and sat
writing and talking in Japanese. At last
he addressed us in Dutch to which we did
amongst you, you had better not say any
thing about it." He then interrogated us
concerning our country, our religion, and
again to the Japanese and noted down in
writing by them. Ho then told us he had
some hopes we should all be set at liberty
The council then broke up and we were
taken again to prison. At this place one
of the men tried to escape from prison and
was immediately murdered by the Japan,
ese. He had made known his intentions
to us previously, and we did all we could
to dissuade him from it but to no purpose,
as he would rather die than suffer so much
any longer. At last after seventeen months
ted and sent to the Dutch Factory. Hero
we were received by the Director of the
Factory, Mr. Levyssohn, in whom wc re'
cognized the European who interrogated
us at the town hall, and to whose active
and humane exertions we were indebted
for our release not only for this but also
for the kind, generous and hospitable tr at-
ment we met with at his hands during the
rest ol our slay in Japan are we under
deep and lasting obligatioas to him
Ten days after we were put on board the
Dutch ship Ikrtoste.nbosch here we recei
ved the best possible treatment and atter
tion. until our arrival here when we were
handed over bv the authorities to the l S.
Consul, who although in a very weak state
of health extended his protection towards us,
and furnished us with the few articles of
clothing, &c. we were so much in need of
for all which we feel extremely grateful
your obedient servant,
, . caii. ur
2nd mate of the late ship Lawrence
for self and lellow sufferers.
What a blessing is friendship! It is ad
mirably styled the medicine of life ; but
let us recollect it is religion that gives it
its most cxhilirating powers. It is this
that effectual lj' links heart to heart, and
holds our spirits in tree communion while
we are enduring separation. And how
docs the sense of distance die away, when
we meet at the feet of our heavenly r ather,
pour out our sorrows and enmp'aints in the
s;iine car, and seek comfort Irom the smile
of tho same eternal power and goodness?
1..l .1.., 1.: .1
mil un- lumin al luuuiiii ri'ii'zioii jiiM's IS
derived from immortality : th'1 uisinn she
forms lasts forever ; audit is a consolation
that will brighten even the purling hour of
those we love, when we see them leave
this world, their hopes fixed on a tirm foun
dation, and recollect that their lives have
been an evidence of those hopes: that
though possessed of many imperfections,
there is no unrepented, no unlorgiven sin,
to darken that horrizon which will soon
open upon their view, never, never more
to know a cloud !
At Harlem, near New York, there is an
India Rubber manufactory where about 150
women und 50 males are employed, and
where military equipments nre made in no
small qualities. The raw rubber is fut
cleanly washed, and after being diied, is
ground between two largo cylinders; under
an immense pressure, heated by steam and
so hot that the rubber looks as thorgh it weie
burning. While it is grinding, a preparation
of turpentine is mixed with it to dissolve the
rubber The rubber comes from the roller a
black mass, which is transferred to rollers
of still heavier pressure, where it is ground
again under a strong heat ; thence it goes to
fi third roller to be heated reedy to bo put
upon the cloth ; this is done l y a powerful
gct of rollers. The rubber thus prepared, is
put upon the rollers aud distributes itM-lf
evenly at any thickness doiivd ; the cluth is I J,,hn 1. Slingerlund gives the following ac
theu put upon another roller that passes under I count of thu disposition of the recaptured
thu rubber, which, under great pressure, isj j slaves :
forced into aud through the cloth ; no matter '-Last evenins', in passing the railroad de-
whether silk or tl stoutest sail duck, it goes
through. A coat is put on tho other side in
in the same way, and no power can generate
00jg are cut out by patterns, and after the
edges are covered by rubber cement they
are folded together and rubbed down closely
and soon become so firmly fixed that any parj
will sepcrato before the seams; there is in
fact iio seams, all is rubber, without a parti-
clo of other fastening. After they are all fas-
tened. the whole artcle is covered with now
I ' . " . .
dP eJ 8l,phr, and taken to be cured , this
u done by piaoin5 ,hPln upon an iron railroad
... .;,., i,.,..i:..i, ,.i,UP iI.pv
Ilia I J.aur.-.-D 1MV a luigv . J Uimv-i y a, .... -' J
are subjected to the action of team at a high
i , . , . i . ,l
temperature, which cures them and completes
an Brticle that is affected by no temperature
ailtl wWch oulvient iron itself. Tho
Eoods taken out of the heater are boiled in
strong potash lye and then washed, which
leaves them ready for sale. Tho sulphate of
lead and sulphlrie gases are also used to cure
or vulcanize the rubber. The goods made by
this machinery are elegant, and the opera
tion d making them is very simple und yet
complete. The invention is Yankee, and no
nation can approach us in the kmd of work
Favd ih Tbade- Some cases of opium
were sold in Boston on Monday, at three
cents per pound. The morphine had all been
extracted from the drug before exportation.
This fraudulent opinion was invoiced at a
lower price than that of the first quality, but
till greatly above it real value
From the American Partizan.
GEOLOGY FUn SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES.
BV JOSIAH HOLBROOK.
Geogruphy, geology, and geometry, all de
rived from the Greek word g, signifying
earth, or the wtirld. Graphd, meaning to write
or describing jho earth. Logos, meaning
word, or a discourse, added forms"geology, or
a discourse about tho earth. Mctron, mean
ing measure, addi'd. makes gemotry, or mea
suring the earth. These threi? sister sciences
then, describe, analyze, and measure the
earth. Geography tells the place, and geo
'ogy the ingredients of mountains, islands,
and continents. Thu one tells where the
Andes mountttfns are, the other what they
are. The one is, essential to a full knowledge
of the other.
After wilnes-sini; the great intcllignffae and
interest evinced iimong the small children in
the New Vurk Public Schools, the editor of
the Tribune enquire 'UTxif more rational or
appropriate .itartin-r point in the race after
knowledge ca'i he feinted than tin elements of
our gfofic." nt the same time adding, :that
every person in the world evidently outrlit to
know what tho woild is made of; especially
as the information fan be acquired at an ear
ly nge, with the greatest ease and delight.
Ten simple minora!?! are the elements of
nil mountains, rocks, and soils, and nre hence
called the "Gkoi.ocai. Alphabet.' These
minerals, variously combined, form about 25
different kinds of rocks. Both the minerals
and the rocks which they compose, can be
learned by any child of three years in a
week, if not in a day. The knowledge thus
obtained is of the most substantial, as well as
interestiuu, character ; and more substantial
and iulerosriiiL', because very young children,
not only may, but do, both learn ami prepare
this fundamental lesson of knowledge for
themselves. The tirst time a little child picks
up a pebble, he learns the most important
lesson that ever is or can be learned in this
very important science. Tho pebble is one,
rind the most important letter in the Geolo
gical Alphabet. It is called quartz, and is
tho only mineral found every where. It en
ters more largely into rocks, mountains, atld
soils than any other ; and also forms, nnder
different colors and textures, nearly all the
gems used as ornaments and articles of com
merce in all ages of the world. The twelve
precious stones placed in the breast-plate of
Aaron tho high priest, were varieties of
quartz as wero tbos.-! named in tho book of
tti volaiions, as forming the streets of the
New Jerusalem. Quartz is also essential in
the manufactory of g'.ass.
As quartz, the first and most important let
ter in the Geological Alphabet ; also one of
the most instructive and interesting things in
tho world, is found every where, we invite
every child in every school and family to look
for it, as he will most certainly lind it. It is
very hard and scratches glass. It also has a
great many colours, und is sometimes beauti.
fully crystalized, with six sides. Frequently
tho middle of the crystals, is a six3ided prism
and the two ends six-sided pyramids. Great
quantities of quart!! crystals are collected by
children at Little Falls, New York and sold
to travellers under the namo of 'Diamonds.'
Rod quartz with a flno texture is called Jas
per ; when purple, it is called Amithyst; if
clouded, Agate ; if yellow, Cornelian, or per
haps Topaz J when of a pearly lustre, it is
called Opal. Every child who gets a speci
men of quurz, or learns the first letter of the
Geological Alphabet, will be nearly certain
to procure and learn the whole, and in a short
time have a beautiful and instructive Family
i Museum,' for the entertainment of himself
; aiuj j,is f, jt.Uli,
SALE OF THE recaptured SLAVES.
In a letter from Washington, dated April
j 22d, to the Albany Evening Journal, Mr.
pot, I saw a largo number of colored peisons
j gathered round ono of the cars. I found in
, tho car toward which they were so eagerly
j ed to ir.iiii their liberty last week, in the
! schooner Pearl. About half of them were
1 females, a few of whom had but a slight
tinge of African blood in their veins; they
were finely formed und beautiful. The men
! were ironed together, and the wliolo group
looked sad and delected. At each end ol tne
cur stood a rullian-l)okiug guard, with large
canes in their hands. A clergyman, who
owned one of the fugitives, was one of the
first to strike, a bargain with tho slave dealer,
and make merchandise of God's image.
Some of the colored people outside, as well
as in the car, wero weeping most bitterly.
I learned that many families were separa
Poi'B Gregory. By the by, speaking of
St. Peter, that is a good anecdote of Pope
Gregory, which has been sent us by a friend:
"The late Pops Gregory XVI. was rather
fond of the bottle ; and after his decease,
when niailo his apperauce at Saint Peter's
gate the following colloquy took place : Saint
Peter, with his ear against the door asks
('who's there 1" "It is I, the late Pope Gre
gory." '-Well, come in, you have the key."
"1 know it, but it don't fit ; I have been fum
bling here for an hour er more at the key
hole." Saint Peter opening the door from
the inside, says, 'Let me see your key.
Pahaw! you have made a grand mistake
this i the key of yoiuj it'me cfflir .'"
SLPERB PRESENTS FOR OEMS. TAYLOR,
WORTH AND SMITH.
. Messrs. Baldwin and Co.; of Newark N. J.,
have just manufactured a golden medal and
two swords) to bo presented to theso distin.
guished men, by order of the Legislature, of
"The medal of course is of pure gold, 3
inches in diameter, and weighs about 400
pennyweights. On the obverse are the Arms
of the State of Louisiana, (the Pelican feed
ing her young, with the motto, "Justice, Uni
cn and Confidence, with the inscription,
"The State of Louisiana, to Major General
Zachary Tajor.n On the reverse, is a scene
in the tattle of Buena Vista, in relief, repre
senting the General dismounted, in the midst
of his staff", surveying the field with his glass.
while Bragg's battery is coming into the ac
tion to sustain the Ke.itucky and Indiana re
giments. In the background are the moun
tains, with the Mexican army defiling at tlieir
base : the whole surrounded with the names
of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey
and Bnena Vista the latter being enclosed
in a wreath.
The sword for General Worth is purely
classic in design, being of the exact form of
the Roman broadsword. The hilt is exqui
sitely modelled, representing Jupiter hurling
his thunder-bolts at the Titans, underhis feet.
The scabbard is in panels, and on the lower
end is twined a knotted cord, emblematic of
the Gordian knot.
The sword for General rersifer F. Smith,
who belongs to Louisiana, is by far the rich
est thing of tho sort we have ever seen, and
we are told that it is one of the richest spaci
mens of the art ever executed in this country.
The hilt represents Hercules destroying the
giant Antirus. As the fable runs, he threw
him three times but each time the monster
touched his motlicr earth, (being the son of
Neptune and Terra) he gained new strength,
so that Hercules could only master by raising
him from his feet and crush him to death
It would seem that Santa Anna recovered
fresh vigor, like the Grecian monster, after
each defeat, until the gallant Smith hugged
him nt Coutreras.
The scabbard is in nanels : the top panel
is ornamented in has relievo with the arms of
Louisiana; the middle one beam the descrip
tion, "The people and State of Louisiana to
Brigadier General Persifer F. Smith, the hero
of Contreras," and in tho lower panel are
pmhlemaiic devices, and the tip and bands
bear striking medallion heads of Achilles,
Medusa, &c. There beat i ful testimonials of
the public sense of rare public services are
valued at S3000.'
Bbaviuv or an Indian Woman One of
the Creeks, who was at Gull Lake, had been
tracked into the valley, along w ith his wife
and family, by five youths of a hostile tribe
On perceiving the odds that were against
him, the man gave himself tp tor lost, obser
ving to the woman that as they could die but
once, they had better make up their minds
to submit to their present fate without resist
ance. Tho wife, however, replied, that as
they had but one lose, they were the more
decidedly bound to defend it to the last, even
under the most desperate circumstances; ad
ding, that as they were young, and by no
means pitiful, they had an additional motive
for preventing their hearts from becoming
small. Then suiting the action to' tiie word,
the heroine brought the foremost warrior to
the earth with a bullet, while her husband
animated by a mixture of shame and hope.
disposed of two more of the enemy with his
arrows. The fourth, who had by this time
come to pretty close quarters, was ready to
take venrreance on the courageous woman
with the uplifted tomahawk, when he stnni
bled and fell, and the dagger of his intended
victim was buried in his heart. Dimnayeu
by the death of his four companions, the sole
survivor of tho assailing party saved himself
by flight, after wounding his male opponent
by a ball in the arm. Sir Simpsons Nar
Santa Ansa's Wife. Santa Anna's wife
is particularly beautiful and facinating in
. ... .... i
manner. She is nis secomi cnuice una nu
entering her twentieth year, though looking
much younger. His daughter by the hrst
marriage differs in every particOlar from her
stepmother. She is neither handsome in per-
son nor interesting lor accoiiiplisinneiiis.
Her ag is fourteen.
OfR Flao on PoPOCAT.VPr.TL. The Ameri
can Hag has been unfurled' to tho breeze on
tho highest pinnacle of, the North American
continent, and the glorious stars and stripes
have waved in triumphant folds over the e
ternal snows of the "smoking mountain "
Six of the parly which was reported a few
days since as having failed to ascend Pocala
petl, remained in camp two or three days af
ter the first unsuccessful effort, to await a
more favorable day for the enterprise ; fry
were soon gratifijd, and again made the at
empt, which was entirely successful, and
!he nartv arrived Bt the highest' peak, over-
looking the great crater, without accident.
Here the flag of the United State was raised
at an elevation of more than three miles and
a quarter above the level of the ocean, and
the party enjoyed a prospect of unsurpassed
magnificence and sublimity. The six persons
composing the party were Lieut. Stone, OrcN
nance ; Lieuts. Buckner and Kirkham, etli
Infantry; Lieut. Anderson, 3d Dragoons f Lt
Bomford, 8th Infantry ; and Mr. Bagley, an
English gentleman of this city.
Thus has the American flag waved, not
only over the Halls of the Montezuma, but
over the highest point of the . Land of the
Aztecs. American Star, April 16.
ANECDOTE OF JACK HAYS, TH ttfUl
Among the many incidents in the RUf
tion of which the usually taciturn young Ra
gar wbs accustomed to begui'e the long and
laborious night rides of Gen. Lane In pursuit
of tho guerrillas, I recollect the following)
which may not be uninlerestiug to your rea
ders. . . ,
"Did I ever tell you," said lie one night ai
we were riding toward Matamoras, in a driz
zling rain, "about my being appointed com
mander of the forces for our frontier, by the
Texan Congress 1?'
"No how was it"'
"Well, when I was about fourteen years
old, I got in a habit of going with our spies'
nd following trails to find the camps arid
illages of the Camanchcs. In a short time, I
used to go alone, when tho spies wpuld go
no farthor, and sometimes succeeded in find
ing the enemy and leading our Rangers to
their camp. Very soon the oftilers employ-
l nte as a regular trailer, and from that lime
was always in the woods in pursuit of the
Camanches; and for a whole year l.have
not slept in a bed, and but twice in a house.
Things went on in this way till I got to bo
lxmt 18 or ltf years old., One day, after an
absence of several months, I came into the
settlement, llad'nt had on a pair of panta
loons for six mouths. '' ... " v
"No pantaloons what did you wearl"
"Oh, moccasins' said he. "A hander-
hief was tied round my head I'd lost my
hat three months before -"
'Lost your hat how'd you lose it 1"
"Why, six Camanches liappencd to see me
one day, and chased me so close my nai
come off" in the race when they stop pursuit
went back, but they found it. Well, when
got into t!J.e settlements they gathered
around and begun to tell me I had been ap
pointed to command all the forces to be rain
ed for the protection of the frontier. Of course
I supposed they were poking fun at my looks
and dress, and I was getting mad fast, wherl
some one handed me a letter containing offi
cial notice of the appointment."
"I should'nt have been more surprised,"
lie modesty added, "if ld been chosen Pre
sident of Texas."
A poor jolly weaver in this city, not many
vi.nra nrrn. h.-ul a fortune left him bv a distant
and wealthy relative, wiio "weht bfTthe han
dle" in England rather unexpectedly. When
the news came to the poor fellow, as he sat
click-te-clack at his loom, he stopped still and
'Well, 1 suppose I mWt spend this money
The fortune, some twenty odd thousand
dollars was duly realized and duly spent.
For two brief years did the poor weaver (ra
vel, make merry, and riot upon the luxuries
of the land. But two years did the job, and
he returned to his loom as poor a a church!
mouse, but merry as a cricket, and worked
again for His daily bread, perfectly satisfied
with the "good time" he had while his for
tune lasted. His friends called him green,
but he laughed at their gibes and worked
tho harder. In a twelve month's time, off
popped another relative, and the news, post
haste, came to the jolly weaver,' tat he was
again the possessor of a handsome fortune.
Stopping has loom, and looking sorrowfully
on the letter, he despondingly said : "Good
Heavens ! is it possible I must go through all
that again !" Boston Ravibler.
Gin. Taylor's Personal ArrcABANCB.
A correspondent of the Inquirer gives the
following admirable sketch of the perfo'naf
appearance of Gen. Taylor :
St word of the General himself. And firjt,
there is no likeness 1 ever saw of him in Phi
ladelphia, that at all strikingly resembles'
him. Do not think I do injustice to our ar-'
tists. I would not on any account, but it is
my decided judgment that they have gener
ally signally failed. The high cheek bones
and heavy underlip that appear in some of
tlm portraits I have seen of him, are ferfect
caricatures. These portraits generally repre
sent l.'iiri us a plain some of them even as
an ugly looking man. On the contrary, he
is a good looking remarkably good looking
man. Ho is no longer young, but he, has an
open, pleasant countenance, to which a fine
eye gives lh most lively aud varied expres
sion. Nor is ho an old looking man. If you
expect to see "old" General Taylor, you wilt"
be very, much disappointed. Hi's carriage is
erect his step firm and quick. He does
not look older than many of your citizens I
could name to you, w ho are now engaged in
active pursuits of business, or the professions,'
and whom we would never think of calling
Sad Fats or Amebic lotd'iiV A'
letter from the Picayune correspondent at
Vera Cruz mentions that an American soldier1
who accompanied the last train from the city
of Mexico, from indisposition ragfed behind,
and beinr overhauled by the diligence, he
obtained a passage. The stage was soon al
ter attacked by robbers, who, after plunder.
iTerlng the passengers of their valuables, took
out the American soldier and shot him.
The correspondent could n'dt learn his name.
No Respect roa Dignitt Some rascal,
who was no respector of dignrfiesY strrf""
softly into the bed-room of Gov. Owslie,
Frankfort, (Ky.,) on Sunday week, a"
ed off with his spectacles, watch W free,
without disturbing either the Gem his'
nnbury, April .
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