E ft I C A N
H. B. MASSER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
OFFICE, CORNER OF CENTRE ALLEY & MARKET STREET.
JTamlla fltogpapgr-artotrt to DoUtfcs, aftcrature, lttoraI, jFmt&n an aomwtfc Scfntcr an the arts, aorlculturr, iBarMis, (amusements, c.
NEW SERIES VOI 1, NO. 13.
SUNBURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COIJNTY, PA., SATURDAY, JUNE 34, 1845.
OLD SERIES VOL. 8, NO. 30.
TKBMS OF THE AMERICAN.
THK AMERICAN it paMishsa every Satnrdar t TWO
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No paper discontinued nntil all arrearoars are priid.
All communication, or Irtters on business relming to the
office, to inaure attcntioii, must be POST l'All).
. .. TO CU BS.
Thraf copies to one address, 500
Seven Do Do in 00
Fifteen Do Do 2000
Five dollars in advance will pay for lure year', subscrip
iioa to the American.
GEMS OF POESY.
One Square of 10 lines, 3 time,
Kvery subsequent iraertion,
One Square, 3 months, -Six.
Business Cards of Five lines, per annum,
Merchants and others, advertising by the
year, with the privilege of inscrticg dif
ferent advertisements weekly.
iy Larger Advertisements, as per agreement.
ATTORNEY AT I. AW,
SUITBTJRY, P A.
Business allrnilei to in the Counties of Nor
thurplerland, Union, Lycoming nml (Columbia.
P. Sc A. RovounT,
Lowed. & Barrow.
SoMins 6l ftajnnoHAgft, l'hitatl.
RiTiroLDt, McFahhnu & Co.
Srsaias, 'Joou 6t Co.,
FOB.TEB. & E1TGLISH,
GROCERS COMMISSION MERCHANTS
and Dealers In Seeds,
No. 3. Arch St. PHILADELPHIA.
, Cooitantly on band general assortment of
GROCERIES, TEAS, WINES, SEEDS,
To which they respectfully invite the attention
of the public.
All kinds of country produce taken in exchange
for Groceries or sold on Commission,
fhilad. April 1, 1848
THE CHEAP BOOK STORE.
DANIELS & SMITH'S
Cheap Nkw & Second hand Book Shirk,
North Wat corner of Fourth and Arch Street?
Lav Books. Theological and Classical Books,
BIOGRAPHICAL HISTOKICAL HOOKS,
Scientific and Mathematical Books.
Juvenile Books, in great variety.
Hymn Books and Prayer Books, Bibles, all sizes
Blank Books, Writing Paper, andStationary,
WViolt tile and Retail,
rP Otra prices are much lower thnn the KEGCt.m prices.
IT Libtaries and snuill pnrccls of bonks purcliuscil.
iy nooks imported to onU-r from London.
l'hiladetphin, April 1, ISIS y
CARD & SEAL. EXU.iVI.
WM. G. MA SOX.
46 Chctnut tt. 3 oWr alm-e Srf Vhihdilphia.
Engraver of HTS1.NESS A- VISITINU f 'AISI-S.
Watch papers, Labels, Door plates, S nls nnd
Stamp. '" - f ' ","' '"
tee he Always on hand a Rnneral nam. tm-nl
of Fine Fancy Goods, Gold pens of every unaloy.
Doe Collars in treat variety. Kngrave.s tools
and materials. . .
Agency for the Manufacturer of Glazu rs Uia-
" Orders per mail (post paid) will be punctually
attended to. .
. Philadelphia, April l.l48-y
Dear Kate, since a husband your' a choosing,
And ask my advice as a friend,
I will give you some hints for refusing,
Which all to safe guidance will tend.
Of course, in religious pretension
Your lover not wanting will be,
I proceed then to call your attention
To symptoms of second degree.
And however, to your penetration,
These "ifs'' vain or frivolous sound,
Let them cast more or less condemnation
On the suitor in whom they nro found.
If lie fire at affronts over-keenly ;
If you catch him but half in a lie ;
If he shirk due gratuities meauU ;
Is ho squint at your maid on the. sly ;
If he lay o'er his shoulder a fiddle.
And plays what he thinks very line ;
If inclined to a corpulent middle,
Yet loves to be asked out to dine ;
If he perfume, to save himself trouble ;
If he grease his long hair to excess;
If his motives appear to be double ;
If at home he's untidy in dress ;
If he's billious, yet can't refuse sauces ;
If his wine never stand in his glass ;
If his fame is hunting and horses ;
If he stare at each girl he may pass;
If a toothpick form part of his chatties;
If he finger his whiskers or hair ;
If of wealthy connections he rattles,
Or friends with ten thousand a year;
If nu fait of the opera gabble :
If frequently going to town ;
If in play ho is given to dabble ;
Or if at the races well known ;
If in bed on morning's he's soaking;
Or, ugh ! (though 'tis common enough)
If the beast is addicted to smoking,
Or a sneaking indulgence iu snuff.
BIOGRAPHY OF GENERAL CASS.
Since General Cass has become a candidate
for high political station, inquiry is naturally
made of his public services. The Albany
Argus gives a brief biography, from which
we gather the following fact ;
Lewis Cass was born in 1782, nt Exeter,
New Hampshire, the sou of a pillantyljj-
tinormhed soldier r
tmileil ... .t... Tf o
io the northwestern territory, which contain
ing response in the hearts of the American
people, who hailed him as the champion of
the freedom of the seas and of the rights of
the American citizens. On receiving the
news of the ratification of the Ashburton
Treaty in 1842, which indirectly concedes
the right of search assumed by the British,
Gen. Cass resigned and returned home. The
B'rongestevidence of his wide-spread popu
larity my be found in the fact, that without
any exertion on the part of him or his friends
and spontaneously, as it were, he received in
the Baltimore Convention of 1844, one hun
dred and tweiily-three votes, and but for the
compromise on Mr. Polk, would have roeiv
ed the nomination on that occasion.
On the 4th of March. 184.", Gen. Cass took
his seat iu iho United Stales Senate, ns Sena
te from Michigan. Ilis course nnd action
since that time are well known to the Amer
ican people. One of the leading spirits of
that distinguished body, prominent ns an ad
vocate and supporter of all the great measures
of the Democintic party of the Independent
Treasury, the tarill of 184fi, the vigorous pro
secution of the Mexican war in every in
stance ho has been found on the side of his
country and in the defence of its honor.
Since the French Republic has been pro
claimed, many have recorded these words :
"Before fifty years Europe will be Republi.
can or Cossack." It is said however that this
was only a part of the prophecy, ami that
M. de Las-Casas has not made public the
whole of Napoleon's predictions. A foreign
paper from which we translate, assures us of
Ihe authenticity of the following reflections
which the Emperor added to his predictions,
after having enumerated the causes which
had led to the fall of the cider branch of the
"Then, if my son lives, he will be called to
Ihe throne by the acclamation of the people.
If he dies, France will becoirm a Republic;
for no other hand will dare to seize a sceptre
that it cannot maintain.
The Orleans Branch, although it may be
popular, is too feeble ; it resembles the other
branch of the R.mrbons, and it will have the
same fate, unless the members of it prefer to
live as simple citizen, whatever changes
Wright' Indian Vegetable iMIIs.
Henry Mmser. SunWy.
E. ic J. KsutTmsn, August township,
lohii H. Vine nl. Chtlliqu.que.
Kase & Beigstiesser. Elybur.
K.muel Herb, Little Mshon.iy,
ii..i .nJ H.nes.McEsensille.
William Heinen & Brother, Milton.
Poi.ythe, Wilson & Co., Noithutnberlsnd
James Reed. Potlsgrove.
O. W. 8cott. Rushville.
W. 6l R. Fegely. Shsmnkintown.
Rhodes & Farrow, isnyderstown.
AmotT. Beisell, Turbutseille
Bcnnilla Holshue, Uppet Mshonoy.
J..hn O. Renn. do d
E. L. Piper. Watsonlnvrn.
Whole-.'., t th olnee and genersl depot, 109
Rsce St., Philadelphia. D.e.18. I847.-?1y
may take place iu France."
. .. . i i ' .i i
'". nr.. ; Tnenl. then raisimi III nana wini
t seventeen to , , :,.;.,. ,,
eves slioiie wiiii m" " "
siasin. he resinned iu a more nnimated tone
become n Uepui'
of what is now ttio most liounog wi-mm i m "
.i t-..:.... T.. Qnl t,n ...a .ilp1iil !i mem- ' evainnl
... i i i... i . t. i- onil l!iii:ins. will unite wuli
ber ol the Dliio Legislature, ami ui;iiieu u.- .
law which arrested the traitorous designs of J her in a crusade for liberty. I liny will arm
to Mr. Jef- themselves against llieir sovereigns,
..1...1K- in.il.-e concessions to them III oiler to
...I ol.oni 20.000 inhabitants. He was thus , p
. e .1.., ,.i;r,ct nloi.nr. Ill tlin S 1 1 leiliellt ', ' l.Cl Ff.lllCe OllCI! 1IHHT
.i . n ,,i ..I ii. iho :i l ie oilier colum n s m w
II1U II1IIM liuillill .. -
Germans, Prussians, roles, uaiu'i-.
VxaST PBBX6TITJM PIANO FO&TES.
VaVi. and many other, of the most d
qufsW performers, have given these in.t.u
Burr, and introduced and address
ferson, which was unanimously adopted, ex
pressing the attachment of the people of Ohio
to the constitution of the United Slates, and
their confidence in that illustrious man. In
1807, ho was appointed by Mr. Jefferson,
marshal of Ohio. When the war of 1812
broke out, Mr. Cass was among the volunteers
who so enthusiastically rallied at Iho call of
their country from Ohio, and was elected to
the command of the third reuimcnt. Reach
ing Detroit on the 4th of July, 1812. the otfi- j
cial announcement of the declaration wns
then received. Of the army there assembled
I under Gen. Hull, Col. Cass was then the mas
ter spirit. He urged the invasion of Canada,
commanded the advaneed detachment, and
was the first to land in the enemy's country.
He drove the British troops from their posi
tion on the river Aux Canards, near Detroit
and here was shed the first blood of the war.
He participated in all the events of the war
on that frontier, and was a determined oppo
nent of the disgraceful surrender of Gen.
Hull nt Detroit. It occurred during a
absence on his part- On Col. Cass returning
When ordered to deliver up his sword on that
occasion, stung with mortification, h i indig
nantly threw it to the earth, refusing to sur
render it to the enemy. Ho was a Briga
dier General in the army with Gen. Harrison
RRATE0 TpREVHUM ROSE WOOD PIANOS,
at this Place. These Piano, have a plain, m.s
Bl mis i.i.vo. ,:., fin h. and. for depth
aiva anil Deauwiu. mi"" , ,
oMoJ. and eleg.nc. of wo,krn.r..b.p1 are ..ot
sWnassed by any in the U&Hed States.
lT.rinstrument. are highly approved of by
the m"t emihent Professor, and Composer, of
M.isit in this and other cities.
MVor qual.tie. of tone, touch and keeping , ,.
. upin Concert pitch, they I""
,ed by either American or Luropean Pianos.
Suffice it to say that Madam. ;"!eJlB",.W,.X.
.. ir:.. I'omM inu uw miw -
W Th' rh ve'alVo r.eeived the fir.t notice of the Thames, and was highly commended in the.
ihre. 1 Eahihition., and the last "warded
preserve somi! iarl even of their ancient au
thority; they will call themselves constitu
tional Kings, with n limited power. Thus
the feudal system will receive its death
blow ; like a' fog in the midst of the Ocean it
will disappear with the first rays of the sun
of liberty. But things will not stop there;
the wheel of the revolution will not cease
turning nt this point ; its impetuosity w ill in-five-fuld
nnd its rapidity in proportion.
When a people have recovered a part of its
rights, it becomes enthusiastic Dy victor ,
and having tasted the sweets of liberty, it
grows more daring, until it obtains every
thin.r. The Eniopean states will be kept du-
ring several years in a condition of continual
. i.i l ... n . .lm mmnoiit
agitation IIKO Hie eieui.-in "
preceding a volcanic, eruption ; bul the lava
will at last be expanded; and peace will fol
low the convulsion.
The Bankruptcy of England will be the
lava that will overwhelm the world, ilrrnnr-
brief I i-;,r. ,; ritlncracirs. but cementiim
I the interests of the democracy. Believe me
! Las-Casas, ns the vines planted in the asiies
I which cover the foot of F.tna and of Vesuvius
I hrmlncM the most delicious wines, so llv tree
of liberty will become immovable when
once lirinlv rooted in tills Revolutionary lax-
bore a leading and distinguished put iu iho j ,rj-c), ,, nave avtrflami nil the monarchies.
defeat of the British at the battle of the ; jtow. ;t WM flourish in future centuries
TRIAL OF MITCHELL Tlltf IRIftU PATRIOT.
After reading over in the British paper, all
the details of the trial, conviction and sen
tence of poor Mitchel, the convicted felon"
that is, the convicted republican of the
United Irish men, wo rise up confirmed, and
saddened, in our first impression, that his
case affords nu example of governmental
tyranny and cruelty nay, of monarchical
brutality shocking to every sense of right
and justice, an insult to the age, a dishonor
and humiliation to the British nnme. British
freedom, indeed! British freedom of speech
British freedom of Ihe press! We can now
understand what this sort of freedom menu,
in Ireland, at least. We have only to follow
Mitchel to the prison-hulks of Bermunda,
to see him balled and chained among felons,
in the dress, and enduring the treatment, of
a felon a galley-slave condemned to four
teen years of this horrible punishment for
words, spoken in a speech nnd printed iu a
newspaper, to understand what that "inesti
mable privilehe or British freedom really
There is no doubt that Mitchel was one of
the must ultra, daring and hot-headed of all
the leaders of Irish reform. He was r veil a
republican, an open and out-and-out republi
can; end there was the gist of his offence.
He delivered n fierce republican speech, and
he reported it in his journal, the, United Irish
man : nnd it was the delivery and the pub
lication which, technically, formed the body
of the felony, only made so by a recent act
of Parliament, framed almost avowedly for
the purpose of silencing Mitchel's pros, or
punishing him for his audacity in expressing
There were circumstances at lending the
sentence of Mitchell there were words spo
ken by him iu Court which cannot but strike
into the hearts of Irishmen, and strike like
red hot iron. When the Clerk of the Crown
asked Mr. Mitchel if he had any thing to
say why sentence should not be passed upon
him. he answered :
;I have to say that 1 have been found guil
ty by a packed jury by a jury of a parti an
sheritr by a jury not empanelled even ac
cording to the law of England. 1 have been
fou n 1 guilty by a packed jury obtained by n
jiiL'v.le a jury not empanelled by a sheriff,
l,t !..-.. : V " - "-; -
tioa of the Court ; and Baron Lefroy a kind
of mild and amiable modern Jell'ivy, mild
mi.! amiable i:i deportment, but resolute in
ill performance of all his linn 'lions as ihe
in lioiallool of t Tiiiiitv admonished ihe pri-J
,.;IKr, nnd nli'ectioiiately attempted to per
Mi.i l.i him of the faini-ss of ill' trial and
his own awful wHicducss: and after squab-
bling with the aged and venerable, but most
manly and intrepid Holme.-, his counsel, pro
. " . . ' .1... .l.,,,.i-iti .ton.
cee.ieil to pass upon nun no- mm. ....... -
tenee of fourteen years' transportation. 1 lie
following scene then occurred :
;Mr. Mitchel then spoke as follows: The
law has now done its part, and the Queen of
England, her Crown and Government in Ire
land are now secure, pursuant to Act of Par
liament. 1 have done my part also. Three
mouths ago 1 promised Lord Clarendon, and
hi Government in this country, that I would
provoke him into his courts of justice; as
places of this kind are called, and that 1
would force him publicly and notoriously to
pack a jury against mo to convict me, or else
iliot I would walk a free man out of this
court, and provoke him to a contest iu ano
ther field. My Lord, I knew I was setting
my life on that cast; but I knew that iu ci
ther event the victory would bu with me.
and it is with me. Neither the jury, nor the
judges nor any other man in this court, pre
sumes to imagine tliat it i3 a criminal who
stands iu this dock. (Murmur of applause
v hich the police endeavored to repress.) I
have shown what the law is made of iu lie
laud. I have shown that her Majesty' Gov
ernment sustains itself by picked join s, par
tisan judges, and prejured sheritls.
Baron Lefroy Ihe Court cannot sit here
to hear you arraign the jurors of the country,
the sheritls of the country, the administration
by tn. Franklin In.titute in 1843 wa. .wardeo
r' A .L:.u .:.k ftther nremiOms from the
llZry U : .een the Ware-room No.
Meyerl by th. Frahklin Institute, Oct. 1843 for
Ihe best Piano In the exhibition.
Vgaint th. Mhibitton or the Franklin , nrti
tut. Oet 1846. the first premium and medal was
U O. Meyer J kSJfthM
had been awarded at the exhibition of he je.
before, on the around that h. had ma. . st l great
er improvement, in hi. Instrument, within the
'PV M" KiKi.ion of the Franklin
II p.. ... - ; ...,lu.
Institute. 1847, another Premium was
KK for h. best Pi.n. .n the .ahibmon
At Boston, at their last exhibition Sept. 1817.
L. .i i-l IK. first at ver Medal and !
official reports of Gen. Harrison. This battle
terminated the war on the Northwestern fron
tier, and on the 9th of October, If 13, Gen.
Cass was appointed by President Madison,
Governor of Michigan. He was aeven tunes
nominated to the office by four successive
" ..f instieei the tenure bv which tlie l rown 01
these wow may seem i ... ,.., .- ..... cuimtlv
. .i. .. .. i i
haps in my mouth : but they express, how-
ever, my sincere convictions.
1 iras lorn u Republican, but destiny and
the opposition of Enroll have made me an
Emperor ! '. 1 wait now for the future."
We offer no cominouts on this propnecy oi
We cannot sit
here and suffer you to proceeil tuns, neeain.n
ever -" . uiuitinn
bloma for tb. best square riaiio in iue
. fhes. Piano, will be .old at the nr..nuf.r..i
rer'. lowe.t Philadelphia price., if not .ornetb.ng
w. P.r.o. ... requested . to call ,nd .,.n.
it. k.m..lves at the re.inenee of the lab-
' H B' MASSER
'suntary. April . W-- .
. . A : 1..
Presidents and seven times uu., of u u aW,y acuom.
confirmed by the &enate, w.mou, s.t.g.o re- ? - Wait for
presentation against h.m from 11... people ' y
over whom he presided. His connection ,UB lu,u' f r
with the Indians was one of great peril and tub House. The English
tesponsibility, and during that time he form- ferm !ml8lMlup js Jerived from the Anglo
ed twenty-one treaties with them, mid extin- snn word lt4 nnj ialUl which signify the
guished their title to nearly one hundred mib ; l!bond of tho house auj jt wa anciently
'i'0 li South SeemditreetEasl nfe,down$talri,
i " PHILADELPHIA.
. asr-sa FSPECTFULLY Informs bia friends and
11 th. pub'c. that h. constantly keep. o.
ffrTa "aree assortment of chi drens wil ow
Sh's, Chair.. Ctad'e... --Jji
ling basket., and every variety of b.skel wora
"trM.reb.nt. and other.
nureh.s. .oeh art cle.. good and cheap, wouio
So wetl" call on him. a. Ib.y ar.
tared by bins intH. ke.t WW.
Philadelphia, Juna 3, 1818. ly
lions of acres, and this upon terms so just and
satisfactory that no complaint was ever made
by the Indians upon the subject;
In 1831, Gen. Cass entered tho cabinet of
Gen. Jackson, as Secretary of War. With
the career and policy of that distinguished I
president, he was thoroughly identified. In
1836, he was appointed Minister to France.
On retiring from the war department, he re-
ceived a letter from Gen. Jackson; commend
ing Uia whole Conduct, and expressive of the
highest personal regard. His first act as
as MiuUter w as to secure the payment of the
balance of the French indemnity. His career
at the French Court was one of the most bril
liant and useful thai it has been the lot of
any American diplomatist to pursue. Hi
protest against the celebrated Quintuple Trea
ty, who object waa to guarantee the right
of search to the British navy, elicited a glow.
the trial is over. Everything you had to say
previous to the judgement, tho Court was
ready to hear, and did hear. e cannoi sin
fer you to stand at tliat bar to repeat, 1 must
say, very uea,rly a repetition ol the oll'eitco
for which vou have tieen senteuceu.
Mr. Mitchel I will not say any more of
that kind ; but 1 say this
Baron Lefroy Anything you wish to say
we will heaj ', but I trust you will keep your-
df within the limits which your own judg
ment will suirccst to you.
Mr. Mitchel I have acted all through tins
business, from the first, under a strong sense
.Nii. I .In not renent anything l mne
done; and I believe that the course) wuic.i
a eWM - Tt
have ortened is only commenced. i no
man trfco sat kit hand burning before the ty
rant, promised that 300 sfco.ild oou wtf fcu
enterprise. Can I not promise (lootting i
Wis friends who aurrounded ttja dock j jor one
into their chamber. The prisoner's friends,
of counsel, in their forensic costume, rushed
over tables and benches to bid farewell to the
prisoner, who was ultimately removed. Mean
while the Judges returned to the bench,
Judge Moore first, and Baron Lefroy shortly
after, and Mr. Mitchel having been conveyed
through the underground passage to his cell
in Newgate, the court began to resume some
what of its ordinary appearance."
Was there not something awful in those
words of the Irish Matins, and in the shout
tlint proclaimed the readiness of tho "three
hundred" confederates to answer tho appeal
of the self-devoted martyr 1 Has the Porsen
na of the Ministry no heart wise enough to
be struck by fear? To our mind, those
were words of fire ; and Ireland is n powder-magazine.
Those words were felt, at
least, in Court; and the judges rode home in
a carriage, preceded by the Sheriff and a po
lice guard, and siirruun.led by a troop of lan
cers. Tie; infamy of the day was concluded
by the seizure and couliscation of Ihe office
and all the property of Mitchel's paper.
THK I'VHAMII) OF B A VOLTS.
The oliicers as well as sub-oflicers of the
Russian horse-guards are subjected to the
most rigorous discipline, and are required to
execute on horseback, nil Iho niauunivresof a
One day an officer of thi Lancer-Guard
was going .hrough his exercise before the
Grand Duke. He had performed all the usual
evolutions in the most satisfactory way, until,
when nt full gallop, he was suddenly ordered
to turn his horse proved restive, and refused
to obey either bridle or spur.
Tin? command was repeated in a thunder
ing voice, and the officer renewed his efforts
to make llvs horse obey it ; but without ef
fect, for the fiery animal continued to prance
about in defiance of his rider ; who was,
nevertheless, an excellent horseman.
The rage of the Grand Duke had vented
itself iu furious imprecations, and all present
trembled for the consequences. "Halt !" he
exclaimed, and ordered a pyramid of twelve
muskets, with fixed bayonets, to be erected.
The order was instantly obeyed.
The officer who had by this sub lued the
restiveness of his horse, was ordered to leap
was commanded to repeat the fearful leap,
n..,l i.. the nmnonicnl of all present, the no
ble horse and his brave rider stood in safety
on the other side of the pyramid.
The Grand Duke, exasperated nt finding
himself thus thwarted in his barbarous pur
pose, repeated the order the third time. A
General, who happened to be present, now
stepped forward nnd interceded for the par
don of the ollieer; observing that the horse
was exhausted, and that the enforcement of
Ihe order would be to doom both horse and
rider to a horrible death.
This humane remonstrance was not only
disregarded, but was punished with tho im
mediate arrest of the General, who had thus
presumed to rebel.
The word of command was given, and
horse and rider for the third time cleared the
Rendered furious by these repealed disap
pointment, tho Grand Duke for the time
'To Ihe left about ! Forward !" The order
was obeyed, and for the fourth time the
horse leapt the pyramid, and then, with his
rider; dropped down exhausted, i ho olticer
extricated himself from the saddle, and rose
unhurt, but the horse had both of Ilis fore
The countenance of the ollieer was deadly
pale, his eyes stared wildly, nnd his knees
shook under him. - .
A deadly silence prevailed as he advanced
to the Grand Duke, and laying his sword at
his hi miiess'i feet, he thanked him iu a falt-
m!.i.r voiee for tho honor ho had enjoyed in
it... F.iimmrs service.
'I take back vour sword," said the Grand
Duke, gltlomilv, '-and are vciu mil aware' of
What may bo the ci)itequeuce of this unduti
r .i i..'... I.. .....
1111 l.UHIui mi.w ...w .
The ollieer was sent to the guard-house.
He subsennentlv disappeared, and no trace o
li i in could be discovered.
This scene took place at St. Petersbiirjrii
and the facts are proved by tho evidence o
ILLINOIS AND MICniOAtt CAHAL. i A MISTERIQtS AFFAIR.
This important work:, connecting Lake Mi- ' Mcn do no1 ofton ve away two hundred
chigan at Chicago with the Illinois river at , thousand dollars, first by way of a fancy but,
La Salle, was commenced in the year 183G,
but, owing to a deficiency of funds, was dis
continued in 1842. In August of 1845, most
of the holders of Illinois Canal bonds, having
agreed, under the large encouragement held
out by the State, to furnish the necessary
sum, the work was again resumed, and prose
cuted until its completion in April of the pre
sent year, at a cost of about $6,500,000.
It is a work of the first class, and both in
point of capacity nnd in the character of its
workmanship, will bear advantageous com
parison with any Canal of equal length in
the U. States. It is 60 feet wide nt the sur
face, 36 at the bottom, and 6 feel deep. The
locks are 17 in number, and of the same size
as those of tho "enlarged Erie" designed
for boats carrying from 100 lo 120 tons. The
locks, dams, piers mid abutments of the
ueqtieducts and bridges are of the best
description of liammere'd masonry.
The bridges over the Canal, of which there
are some 25 or 30, are of the kind known in
New England as "Home's patent," having
spans of 70 feet and upwards, and elevated
ten feet above the deck of ilia boats. The
trunks of the aqueducts tire supported by
trussed frames of oak. constructed upon the
same principle as the bridges. Tho water
is supplied from six different sources, the
principal one being the Calunlet River, from
which tho water is conducted by a navigable
feedej, 17 miles iu length.
In addition to theso -sources of supply,
there are two powerful pumping engines,
driven by steam to raise water directly from
the lake into the basin connected with the
summit level, in case the supply from the
feeder should become inadequate for a maxi
mum trade on the canal in n season of
drought. They arc of 160 horse power, pro
vided with six large boilers each, and calcu
lated to raise water lo a height of 7 to 9 feet,
according as the height of the water in the
lake fluctuates. Ojie of them drives four
lifting pumps, 54 inches in diameter and six
feet stroke; while the other given motion to
an immense wheel. , V(''',(:,t;.,.r.'."r.ul:kets.
scoop-wheel, provided v. .... -
can be filled in three minutes by cither the
four pumps or the
wheel. A circumstance
rather incidental is, that tile water raised by
these means will have a fall of 60 feet in a
distance of eight miles, and b distributed nt
four different locks, which, ii: a country where
water power is scarce, and where it is not
unusual for people to haul their grain 30 or
40 miles to mill, is a matter of considerable
The inexaustiblo coal beds in Illinois,
more than in the entire island of Great Nri-
tain. ns remarked bv Mr. Lyell in his Geolo-
irv of America, will d.iubtless liirnisli ono oi
spelt "house-bond," rind continued to De
fpelt thus in some editions of the English
Bible after the introduction of the art of priut
inir. A husband, then, is a house-bond the
bond of a house that which engirdles the
family into the union of oneness of love.
Wife, and children, and "strangers within
the gates"' all their interests and their hap
.......... ... in l 11.11
piness are encircled m tne -nou.. . hundreds I
embrace the object, of hi. protection, and U shout of exultation here rang thro'
nis et.pec.in wie. . . usi J"
this of a husband', duty, and a family', pn
Kecpino Feesu Beer. 'n preserving beef,
the ribs will keep longest, o. hve or six day .
in summer ; the middle of the loin next j the
.,..., ttia rniuwl nt and the shortest
. l: ,v;V .mil .,,. bn lonuer laid hold of Mr. Mitchel
OI ail me urisaoi, iiki. "... - - o - ,
" .... Ti. .l.iHira nuittcd he bench, and
ik... ii,r riav in not weatner. -o .
the Court, accompanied by immense cheer-
ing, clapping of hands, and great majiiiesia
tion. of excitement.
Baron Lefroyi-Otricer! ofiicer 1 remove
The shouts were here increased, and the
clamor became terrific, when two turnkey.
A ToTiiii Story. In "'""U "'" powu
East, there lived a butcher who was jack ut all
tr...l..a. and more particularly noted tor Ins
its in animal MatruetiPm. A half
witled Hlow who lived entirely upon the
eharitv of the town, imagining oilo day that
he was anite ill, made application to the
butcher, for arem.ly tt relieve l.'im from his
. I . 1 .1 A.. I. tt H,t.I
pants, i lie mncuer uio.ig.ii no
ject for experiment, and accordingly mesme
rised Him into a profound sleep.
He then made and incision into h'is sto-
mach and took out tho inwards and washed
them, after which he laid them down, and
went into tHe house to get a needle and
thread in sew up the incifio'n. Bitt on re-
turning, to hi. antonishment he beheld an
old ww just leaving the place, having eaten
thein. In this dilerrftna, he sized a Sheep,
and removed h entral. to the body of the
man, then closing up the orifice, he awaken
ed the slumbering subject,' who was forth
with "discharged eured."
Meettng the same individual some day.
after, the butcher having some curiosity a.
to the success of the operation, aeu .u.
chap how he got along. "Oh, find rate," aaya
he, "only I have got tuck o infer kanker-
went ing for grass."
le great articles of trade "n this canal. The
steamboats prefer it, at 50 per ton, to two
cords of wood at the same price, because it
requires much less locm. is handled with
...., lnl.nr nn.l venerates as much steam.
.umber, corn, po't and beel, will also De
come ereat articles of trade, and all the sla
. t ii
pie productions of the country on tne Illinois
and Upper Mississippi win mm uu-.i "
through this canal.
Vroi.'ln boats are now running on the canal
continuiillv, and the business is increasing.
There lire two daily lines of packet boats al
ready established, leaving each end ot the
line morning nnd evening, carrying Irom lit i v
to one hundred passengers each, and making
the pa-sage in about f.Venly Hums. It fur
nishes an expeditious and coiiitortal'te routi.
from the Mississippi to the lake, and one
which will probably soon become a veiy
The Brigade Inspector of Chester, Ka iu-
. . . . f i -.-.ii:....
vited on training day t'V some ot his w.m.
to visit the jail, accompanied by his stall ol
iicers. They did so, and were induced to
look at nu unoccupied room, to see how it
would answer for mi armory. While iu the
room, some wag turned tlie key up on the
officials, and they were kept iu 'durance
vile' until 3 o'clock in the alteruot'ii. hen
they were released, tite 'nation's bulwark'
had returned to their homes, and the -pomp
Hiid circumstance of glorious war," which was
to have astonished the natives, was postponed
if we may credit a Boston paper, a gentle
man there has just done that wonderful
It seems that not many months since, a lady
who resided in Providence, encountered in
the railroad cars, ah old gentleman, who
seemed tti regard her with an air of unusual
interest. Finally, assuming Ihe privilege of
age, he. ventured to accost her and they en;
tered into conversation. Before parting, he
begged permission to call on lier at her house.
His deferential manner, his advanced nge
and his frank expression of interest, though a
a stranger, in her welfare were so many pleas
in his favor, nnd she replied to his request,
that she would be very glad to see him nnd
did not doubt that her husband would al'iobe..
"What is your address?'' She gave it, and
He called on her the next day, Had an iu-
terview with her, in the presence of her hus
band, and asked the lady's permission to send
her his miniature. She turned to her "lord
and master," who ut once acquiesced in tho
stranger's proposal. Xot many days after
wards Ihe miniature was sent an admira
ble work of art, set round with costly dia
monds, and accompanied with a bracelet or
great value. Husband and wife were aston
ished, as may be supposed. Some weeks
elapsed before they lieaid again from the
A short lime since he called, and the inter
tei view was to thispffert.
"Have you an objection to moving to X.
York 1" he asked. '
None at all, if you could bettei our situa
tion. "What is your present income, Sir. Tl"
A very moderate sum was named. "Hump
I have a house in New York for which I want
occupants. I sail for Europe next week end
yon shall come and take possession."
"You are very kind, my venerable friend,')
said Mr. T., "bul we are very comfortable
here ;, I don't know that I could afford to en
ter into the arrangement vou propose." . . .
- p A.in i iitiii."
to vou the sum oi i ;f ,lin. h:lr
suspected they were dealing with a fugitive
from some insane asylum. Hut there was no
nsanity about it. The offer was made m
irood faiin was accepted and has been re-
leemed to the letter. Mr. and Mrs. T.have
removed to Now York, and taken possession
of a fine lionise in street.
Their benefactor lias gone to Europe. He
will probably make his newly made friends
the heir'st'His large wealth. Mrs. T. was
we leariuTormerly an instructress iu one . of
the public schools of a neighboring city. Tho
character of the parties and the history ot
the affair thus far preclude the imputation of
any irriprcrer motive, the cause of tho old
gentleman's conduct is as much a mystery to
to the lady herself as to her friends. He
seems to have taken a whim, and to have
carried it out. So much only is apparent.
But time may throw more light upon tlio
to a more convenient season.
Incosvknikkt ErwtKiiii Vi Boni the
etiquette of the court proves how despotic' it
has become. 'When I'atainanki.owe sits, all
sit ; when he rises, all rise. So far, things
are within reasonable bounds; Hut siwuu.
ride, and fall fw.n his hors, all about him
must fall from their horses likewise If he
bathe; all must bath too, and those passing
go into the water iu the Are, d or Dad.
they may chance to haveo,..-C.
Borneo mid Cehhes.
BEc.p.ro. lWav.No Tomatoes. -In
anawer to tlie h.quily in the April number of
the Cultivator a. to the best method of pre
serving the ton.atoei 1 subjonithe ollown.g
receipt, which I have tried aud found perfect-
ly successful :
The Calf's Tail and the Atct R Hole.
Tho North Carolina di gits tells tho following
capital story, for which it is indebted to the
stump speech of a Virginia member of CrJn
gress. We have read nothing tliat has called
our cachinatory mii-clei more violently into
play, for a long while :
The proprietor of a tan yard adjneent to a
certain town iu Virginia, concluded to build
a stand, or a sort of store, on one of the hjaiii
streets, fer tlie purpose of vending his leather;
buying raw hides, und the like. After com
pleting his building, he began to consider
what sort of a (sign it would be best to put up
for the purpose of attracting attention to his
new establishment i and for days and weeks'
he was sorely puzzled on this subject. Se
veral devicej were adopted, and on fiirtner
consideration, rejected. At last a happy idea
struck him. Ho bored an augur hole through
the door-post and stuck a calf's tail into itj
with the bu.-hv end flaunting out. After a
while he noticed a grave looking personage
Manding near tho door, with his spectacles,
.razing intently on the sign. And there ho
continued to stand, gazing and giug until
Ihe curiosity of tho tanner was greatly exci-
ed in turn. He steppe" oiu uuo uuu.i-b
"Good morning, ud he.
"Mornin",'' a"'1' ,liu 01,ier without moving
his eves from thV sign. ,,
"You want to buy leather t ' said ine sioru
"Do vou wish to sell hides! '
"Are vou a farmer V
"Are ycfl a merchant!''
"Are you a lawyer !''
"Are you a doctor ?"
"What are you, then !'
"I'm a philosophic. I have ee'n slaud-
nig here for an hour, trying to see 1 I could
... . . .. r aV.t tfirn.ifh that all-
ascertain now iuai . , .
gur bote, and I can't make out, to save my
Prpinra the Toniatdel ai for cooking (with
out seasoning, &c) boil them I hour, then
. tHam in. small atone jars, cork and boil
ihe jars for 2 hours" take them out and seal
them' air-tight; when opened, season, &c.
...,i v for half an hour. A SoascaiBEB in
Melt a little isinglas in spirit of wine ad
ding a fifth part of water, and using a gentle
heal ; when perfectly melted and inued, it
will form a transparent glue, which will unite
giant so fast that the fracture will be hardly4
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