Newspaper Page Text
ARRITAli Of THB
ONS WEEJu LATER FROM Bt'ROPE. I
RUMORED REVOLUTION IN PARIS.
The steamship Caledonia arrived t New
York on Sunday,' the 9th inst., tbontli o'
clock. She bring news from Europe to the
S4th ult. If we except the news In the Post
script from Franco, the Intelligence ia not
very interesting. We condense the whole
' from the Sunday Herald.
Paris ia still agitated.
The resignation of Louis Napoleon post
pones trouble for the present
Six candidates for President are already in
' the field, viz: M. de Lamartine, Thiers,
Prince Louis Bonaparte, M. Marrast, Gen.
Cavaignae, and M. Caussidiere, ex-prefect of
police. The Orleans party will support M.
Thiers, and Berryer has declared hi his favor.
The legitimists are divided between Thiers
If the elections were soon to take place,
little doubt exists that Louis Bonaparte would
be the successful candidate. Ths feeling ex
hibited by the French people in his favor,
leaves no doubt that in the event of a Presi
dential election, he "would be returned in
almost every electoral college in France. Ac
cordingly, the constitution has already been
altered to meet this first difficulty in its work,
ing ; and the President, instead of being elect
ed directly by the people, unless he has an
absolute majority of votes given, is to be se
lected by the National Assembly from five
persons returned by the people.
A new pretender is spoken of in the person
of the Princo .of Leurhtctiberg, the son of
Prince Eugene, and a relation of tho Emperor
of Russia. :
The war in Denmark continues unnbatcd.
At Prngne, the King having refused to con
firm the provisional government, and Prince
Windschgralz having erected batteries round
the town, the mob flint the students rose en
masse and demanded arm.
A collision having ensued between the
Burgher Guard and the popubce, some assas
sin seized the opportunity to indulge his pri
vate malice by firing a riiie at the Princess
Windschgrat who was shot in the head.
The victim was the daughter of the celebra
ted Prince Schwartzcnbourg. One of the
Princess's sons was also mortally wounded.
In these exciting circumstances, Prince
Windschgratz, with great calmness and dig
nity, entreated the mob to disperse, but to no
effect. They endeavored to hang him up to
a lamp by a rope, which they procured, when
he was rescued by his grenadiers. At five
. o'clock, the people not having taken down
the barricades as he had required, he ordered
heavy guns to be brought into play, and he
continued firing until 10 o'clock at night.
The conflict lasted, almost without intermis
sion, during the next day, and by the latest
accounts, we hear that Prague was a heap of
ruins. In consequence of this bombardment,
Prince Windschgratz had retreated from the
city with tho garrison, and occupied the
heights commanding the town.
At Rome, the decree tor the separation of
the spiritual and temporal power of the Pope.
is in progress through the Cliambers, and has
given great satisfaction.
In Spain, bauds of Carlists still invest Arm
gon. In Portugal, affairs are quiet.
The Paris journals of Wednesday, state
the clubs are openly concerting means to
dismiss the Executive Government. Princo
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte is expected to be
elected commander of the Third Legion of
National Guards, and Prince Napoleon, son of
the Ex-King of Westphalia, was a candidate
for the command of the Second Legion.
The workmen of the Ateliers Nationaux,
still amounting to one hundred and ten thou
sand, are creating infinite alarm ; aud the in
crease of the taxes on the articles of tho first
necessity to the poorer classes in Paris was
pregnant with mischief; but it is in the pro
vinces where the greatest danger is brewing.
From north to south increasing . discontent
prevails. In the north, at Amiens, there
seems a determination to march on Paris and
put an end to the tyranny of the capital ;
whilst in the South, four departments have
already organized, and drilled seventy-two
thousand men for that purpose.
Groups of persons, in Paris assemble every
evening, and shout Vive VEmpereur. It is
reported that an English vessel has been de
tected ofT tho coast, lauding muskets in La
Vendee. About 3000 of these arms liave, it
is said, been seized.
Since the departure of tho Cambria, last
Saturday, I have to report a continuance of
most favorable weather last night, however,
at 9 o'clock, a change took plaee, and a deal
of rain fell.
Several vessels came into tho Mersey on
Thursday, the names oY which I shall furnish.
The accounts of the crops continue to be most
satisfactory J as regards potatoes, they cer
About the momerl of the "Cumbria's de
parture a dreadful oeciinonoe was takin?
place at th) Zoo'ogicat Gardens. As one of
the keepers was engaged in his usual office
of cleaning out tho den of the elephant
,:Rajah," ho struck tho animal a blow wiih
the broom to niako him move. The animal
took no notice, aed the blow 4was repeated
with severity, which so infuriated Rajah that
he forced lha keeper with his tusks against
the timbers which form the den, hurting him
o severely, that as the elephant retired, he
fell back o'i the ground. The elephant had
not done with him, but again approached,
and placing his great foot, which measures
four feet round it, upon his body crushed him
to death. The proprietor, who was in the
gardens at the time, determined upon having
the animal destroyed, and upon representing
the case at the barracks, obtained the servi
ce of thirty-six riflemen, and to prepare for
the worst, for it was alleged that the elephant
was mad; two field pieces, also, two captains
accompanying the men. A dose of two oun
ees of prussio aeid wa administered to the
animal, which scarcely produced any effect
at least he soon overcame it. Twelvo of
the soldiers then fired, but without effect ;
nJ upon twelve additional shots being dis
charged one out y effecl jt enterej .
der the fore-houlder the animal reeled and
fell dead. Van Amburgh, who was present
at the execution, said that only that one ball
took. Rajah was a noble animal the lar
gest elephant in the kingdom, ' and oost the
pioprietor of the gardens 600, eleven years
ago. He was 39 years old, was ten feet high,
and weighed nearly four Ions ! This was the
second keeper he killed ; it was, neverthe
less, a pity to destroy so rare an animal.
According to accounts received from Mos
cow, the cholera is making dreadful progress.
The number of cases on the ' 29th of May
alone, were 89 the number of deaths being
42. ' During the 6 previous, days, 464 persons
were attacked, of whom 205 died.
Liverpool, June 24 t o'clock, P. M.
I open my letter to inform you, that news
has thin moment reached us by electric telo
graph, that the crisis has really commenced
in France, lesterday (Friday) the troops
and National Guards were fighting desper
ately with the people. The sacrifice of life
It is also reported that the mediation of
England will be accepted by Austria, as re
gards the Italian quarrel.
SATURDAY, JULY IS,
II. B. MAKSER, Kdlt.r anil Proprietor.
K. W. CARR. Sun buiktinir. N. V. Corner of !M and
D"rk street.. Philadelphia, larecnlarlriiuth'n'ized to receive
advertisements and subscriptions fur litis unner. and rcceint
I ' ", HIT Kllirc.
GEN. LEWIS CASS,
OEN. WW, O. BUTLER,
Far Canal Commissioner)
of Westmoreland County.
E7" The Supreme Court for tho Northern
District of Pennsylvania, commenced its ses
sion at this place on Monday last. The
Judges are all present and look well. -The
present term will continue only three weeks
There are ninety-one causes on the list, many
of which must be necessarily laid over. The
new rules m relation to the preparation of
taper books and restricting the argument of
counsel to one-hour will enable the court des
patch business more rapidly, These rules
aro not to be enforced until the next term
I nuteil copies of the rules, on Letter sheet,
can ue had at this olhee.
Our farmers have had u bad time for
harvesting. The heavy cold rains, which
continued nearly all last week prevented them
from cutting, as well as taking 'in that which
was cut. On Monday last, tho weather mod
erated, mid we were ngain blessed with a
little sunshine, but owing to the occasional
showers, during the week, our farmers were
not ublo to make much progress in securing
O A meeting of the Cass and Butler Club,
was held at the Court House on Wednesday
evening. The Hon. 1 tend rick B. Wright, of
VVilkesbarre addressed the meeting in a very
able and eloquent speech. Robert M. Barr,
Esq., of Reading was called for who prom
ised to address tho club at a future meeting.
GOV. IHlNfl RESIGNATION.
It appears that Gov. Shunk, had not deci
ded to resign until on Sunday morning, when
from excessive bleeding of tho lungs, he felt
lhat "the end of earth" to htm, was fast ap
proaching. The Harrisburg Keystone says :
"The painful illness by which Gov. Shukr
has been prostrated diiriii" several mnni. h.
occasioned much anxiety throughout the
commonwealth, aud been a subject of the
deepest solicitude with the entire communi
ty at nairisDurg. Hopes have been enter
tained of his recovery until within the last
few days, (liirini: which svmntoms wer i.
i lested lhat leave no room la evneet hi. re
storation. About one o'clock on Sunday morn
ing, hemorrhage of the lun-rs reduced very
much his remaining strength, and made the
fatal termination of his sufferings an event
not likely to happen at any hour. It was this
we believe which induced his resignation.
No one has urged him to take this step it was
his own act it was done under solemn con
victions of his duty to the public, upon feel
ing that hissojouru upon earth was about to
close, and that his health and strength were
unequal to the further discharge of his official
E7" The Sena has passed a bill giving to
the private soldiers three months pay on their
iiiscnarge. As reported by the military com-
miHa. il ii .i I ... 1 ... 1 . . 1 . . . I. a .
"'iii umjf iuu ojjicers. in its
amended lorm it will, no doubt become a
law. This is a well timed prov sion for the
gallant citizens, who at their country's call
volunteered in defence of her rights, many of
whom return destitute, disabled by wounds
and emaciated by the diseases of a sickly
E7" Congress is now near the close of the
session, and yet the members have commen
ced discussing tho Presidential question,
leaving much business, that must necessarily
be pissed over in consequence of the waste
of time consumed in discussing matters that
belong properly to the people. Mr. Niles, of
the Senate a few days siuce remarked, that
the Senate Chamber had in fact resolved it
self into a Ratification meeting te discuss the
merits of the nominees for President. Paying
members of Congress and Senators eight dol
lars per dayj to discuss the qualifications of
candidates, most generally with a view of ad
vancing their own interests, is not what the
constitution or the people contemplated.
EThe greater portion of the survivors of
both Pennsylvania Regiments arrived at Pitts
burg, where they are to be paid and dischar
ged. Those from this purl of the Stale may
therefore be expected before the close of the
week. A hearty reception awaits them
SUNBURY AMERICAN AND SHAMOKIN
GOT. S HUNK'S RESIGNATION AND THE
ELECTION OF HIS SVC EMAOR.
We observe that the question is agitated
in Philadelphia as well as here, whether an
election can be held for Governor at the next
election'. The constitution provides that the
election shall be held "unless such death re
signation or removal shall occur within three
calander months immediately preceding such
next annual election." The election law en
acted under the constitution provides that the
writ for the election shall issue at least three
months previous to the election. Now the
resignation of Gov. Shunk took place three
months and one day previous to the election,
in which case the constitution requires his
successor to be chosen at the next annual
election. No act of the legislature can aHer
the constitution, which is the fundamental
law of the state. The requirements of the
election law in this case cannot be complied
with. They are inensistent with the provisions
of the constitution. Supposing the Governor
had suddenly and unexpectedly died on the
day he resigned, and that intelligence of the
fact could not be transmitted to Mr. Johnston
the speaker, for a week, would any lawyer
contend that an act of assembly, requiriug an
impossibility, should nullify the provisions of
Since the above was written we have re
ceived the Philadelphia Daily News, from
which we make the following extracts. Mr.
Sanderson, the principal editor, is a lawyer,
and a whig of the high pressure order, and
occupied a seat in the Senate with Mr. John
ston last winter:
"Doubts have been raised, by some of our
contemporaries, whether an election for Go
vernor can be held next fall.
The Constitution of Pennsylvania Art. 11.
Sect. xiv. provides
''In ease of the death or resignation of the Governor, or
hi. removal from office, the Speaker of the Senate shall ex
erciiie the office of Governor untilanother Governor alrall be
duty qualified ; but ill nieh cane another Governor .hall be
chosen at the next annual election of Representatives, Mi
les, such death, resignation or removal shall occur witnin
three calendar months immediately preceding such next an
nual election, in which case a Governor shall be chosen ut
the second succeeding annual election of Representatives,"
The General Election Law of July 2, 1839,
section XXXIV, in reference to tho part of the
Constitution first quoted, provides:
"In case any vacancy shall occur in the office of Gover
nor of this Commonwealth, more than three calender months
next preceediiig the second Tuesday in October, in any
year, it shall be the duty of the Speaker of the Senate, or
whoever shall be in the exercise of the office of Governor,
to issue his writs to the sheriff, of the several counties, re.
quiring them to give the. usual notice that an election to
supply such vacancy will take place on the second Tuesday
in October next thereafter ; and when such vacancy occur,
within three calendar monUis before the second Tuesday in
October, it sliall be the duty of tlie Speaker of the Senate,
or wh'iever shall be in the exercise of the office of Gover
nor, to issue his writs a. aforesaid, requiring notice of such
election on the second Tuesday iu October next after the
issuing of said writ, and in each ease anid writ shall issue
at least three calendar month before the election."
It is urged that inasmuch as the Governor
resigned at so late a day as to preclude nil
possibility of the information reaching Mr
Johnston in time to comply with the net of
Assembly, requiring the writs for an election
to be issued three calendar months before tho
second Tuesday in October next, that no elec
tion can take place. We cannot concur in
this opinion. We think it more thaii proba
ble that the intelligence of the resignation of
Gov. Shunk reached Mr. Johnston in due
time to issue the writs required by tho act of
Assembly. It is but fair to presume lhat
upon the resignation of the Governor being
filed, the Socretary of the Commonwealth
took immediate steps to apprize Mr. John
ston of it. By telegraphing a despatch to
Pittsburg on Sunday evening, (which we pre
sume was done,) and sending an express im
mediately from that place to Kittanning. Mr.
Johnston might have been informed, before
ten o'clock on Sunday night, of the step ta
ken by the Governor. If he was thus appri
zed of the fact, then there can be no doubt
but that he promptly issued the writs requir
ed to be issued by the act of Assembly.
But, in our humble judgment, it matters
not whether they were issued or not. The
mandate of the Constitution would still have
to be obeyed. The provisions of that instru
ment are of paramount force and obligation
to thnsoof the act of assembly, and the lat
ter must therefore give way to the former.
K7 On our last page will be found a lively
sketch of John Van Buren, son of Ex-President
Van Bnreiijwho has become somewhat fu
mous ol late, as the leader of the Barnburners
in New York. He is undoubtedly a young
man of fine talents, and has the reputation of
being one of the best stump speakers in
America. His handsome person and prepos
sessing appearance, made him highly popu
lar among the fashionables, in England, a
few years since. It is said that he will visit
VVilkesbarre and other places in the state
shortly, to address meetings in relation to the
Presidency. Robert Tyler son of Ex-Presi
dent Tyler will follow him and take the
stump in favor of Cass and Butler. Air. Ty
ler is art able and effective Bpeaker. We
should like to see and hear both gentleman,
and hope they will visit this place, or neigh
borhood. Seven days later from Europe.
BLOODY CONFLICT IN
The Steamship Niagara brings news of the
most bloody conflicts in Paris, ever known.
The loss of life is estimated from 8000 to 10,.
000. The fight commenced on Friday and
the insurrection was not put down until Tues.
day, when the Government, under Generals
Cavaignae and Lamoricieres, after terrible
slaughter on both sides, completely put down
the insurrection. Six Deputies and fourteen
general officers were among the killed. The
venerable Archbishop of Paris on Sunday
volunteered as a messenger of peace. At
tended by two Vice, he advanced towards
the barricades with an olive branch before
him, when he was ruthlessly shot in the
groin and shortly after expired.
The insurgents were headed by Socialists
and others, bent on pillage and plunder, and
numbered," it is said, 100,000. The Nation
al Guards numbered about 250,000. On Sa
turday, the Assembly resigned the Supreme
Power .into the hands of Cavaignaoy who da-
clured Paris in a state of siege. Anew member
is appointed with Gen. Cavaignae at the head.
The Republic is probably now stronger than
. jy E. W. Hotter Esq., chairman of the
Democratic State Central Committee, notified
the Committee to meet at the House of Henry
Buehler, in Hsrrisburg, on Thursday last, on
business of importance. The business, we
presume, is, the calling of a Convention for
the nomination of a Governor. The Conven
tion we think should meet about the 20th of
August. This would afford time to elect
delegates, and sufficient time to canvass the
election. ". . -. -
E7 American Law Journal. We
have received the July number of the Law
Journal, which contains the usual variety of
interesting legal information. Among the
contents we find an interesting trial for mur
der in France, fn which the celebrated Lola
Montes figures largely ns a witness. An
article on the Carlisle Slave Riot. Also Eng
lish decisions. Decisions of the Supreme
Court of Illinois, Ohio and Iowa. Abstracts
of decisions of the Supreme Court of Penn
sylvania. Medical Jurisprudence, and noti
ces of new publications. Published monthly
by Hamersly tt Co., Lancaster, Thomas, Cow
perthwaite & Co., and G. B. Zeiber, Phila
delphia. C7" Water-Cure Journal. We have re.
ceived the July number of this excellent pub
lication, which, with the present number,
commences a new volume, greatly enlarged
and improved. Published monthly by Wells
& Fowler. New York, at 81 per annum.
CASS AND BUTLER MEETING.
An adjourned meeting of the Cass and But
ler Club of Suubury, was held in the Court
House in Sunbury, on Wednesday evening
the 5th inst. The Committee appointed at
the last meeting, their chairman J. B. Packer,
Esq., reported the following person as officers
for the permanent organization of the Club,
'president JOHN FARNSVVORT1I.
Vice Presidents Edward Oyster, John
You Nr., John P. Pursel, Francis Buchkr,
Martin Irwin, Charles WeavkII, George
Lyon, J. 11. Zimmerman, Geo. Rohrbach,
John G. Youncman, Geo. Weiser, Esq.,
Geo. Mantz and Jacob Cable.
Secretaries G. M. Yorks, G. If .Youngman,
Dr. J. B. Mooter and D. W. Shin del.
Corresponding Sect'y. Geo. Martin, Esqr.
Treasurer Jesse M. Simpson.
From tho Democratic Union Extra.
RESIGNATION OF GOVERNOR MIUNK.
Harrisburg, July 10, 1848.
It becomes the painful duty to announce to
tho people of Pensylvania, that by an inscru
table Decree of Providence, our most excel
lent Governor has been laid on bed of sick
ness, from which there now seems to be no
hope of restoration ; and with that magnani
mity which has characterized all his acts, of
his own free will and accord, without a single
suggestion having been made to him by any
of his constitutional advisers, he has resigned
to the hands of the people the trust with
which they luul clothed him, iu order that
they may choose a successor at the election
to take place on tho second Tuesday of Octo
In all his public acts the good of the peo
ple lias been nearest the heart of the Gover
nor, aud this solemn duty in all human pro
bability the last public act of his life exhi
bits in its true light the character of Governor
Shunk, whoso dying prayer seems to be that
the will of the people of this Commonwealth
may be carried. Our pen fails us to speak
on this subject as we would desire ; we there
fore close with presenting to the public the
resignation of the Governor, witnessed by
Henry Buehler, Esq., and the Rev. Dr. De
Witt, Pastor ot the Presbyterian church of
To the People of Pennsylvania :
It having pleased Divine Providence to de
prive me of the strength necessary te the
further discharge of the duties of your Chief
Magistrate, and to lay me on my bed of sick
ness, from which 1 am admonished by my
phisicians, and my own increasing debility, I
may, in all human probability, never rise, I
have resolved, upon mature reflection, under
a conviction of duty, on this day, to restore
to you, the trust with which your suffrages
have clothed me, in order that you may avail
yourselves of the provision of the Constitu
tion, to choose a successor at the next Gener
al election. 1 therefore, hereby, resign the
office of Governor of the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, and direct this, my resignation
to be filed in the office of tho Secretary of
In taking leave of you, under circumstan
ces so solemn, accept my gratitude for the
confidence you have reposed in me. My
prayer is, that peace, virtue, intelligence and
religion, may pervade all your borders that
the free institutions you have inherited from
your ancestors, may remain unimpaired till
the latest posterity that the same kind Pro
vidence, which has already, so signally, bles
sed you, may conduct you to a still higher
state of individual ami social happiness And
when the world shall close upon you, as I
feel il is soon about to close upon me, that
you may enjoy the consolations of the chris
tian's faith, and be gathered, without a wan
derer lost, into the fold of tho Great Shepherd
above. FRS. R. SHUNK.
July 9, 1848. J
The undersigned were present at the exe
cution of the above instrument of writing. . ,
W. R. DEWITT.
At the request of Gov. Shunk I have this
uay handed tnis paper to the Hon. Jesse Mil
ler. Secretary of the Commonwealth.
JOHN K. FINDLAY.
Harrisburg, July , 184S.
I hereby direct Henry Petriken, Esq., De.
puty Secretary of the Commonwealth, to file
this paper in accordance with the direction
contained in it, in the office of the Secretary
of the Commonwealth. .
JESSE MILLER, B. C.
Harrisburg, July 9, 1858. , .m
Jessb Miller, '
Secretary of th Cowummuxaltk.
lit obedience to your direction, I have filed
this instrument of writiuir. ihi. ttih, jaw .r
July, 1848, at 20 minutes six o'clock P. M.-
- De. 8tt- ot CommmuMJtk ' ,
Office ef the Secretarv . . . , - -.
From the New Orleans Delta.
LATE PROM VERA CRUZ.''
Resolution tn Guanajuato Paredet in the
Field Manifesto by the Latter- Counter
Manifesto by President Herrera Approach
ing BattleCompany of St. Patrick Com
missioners of Yucatan, fc, Ift.
By the arrival here yesterday of the steam
ship Portland, Capt. Place, fjom Vera Cm I
the 24th tit., we have, received letters and
files of the lr(0 Iris, up to that date inclu
sirewith Intelligence from the Capitol to
Revolution. The standard of revolution
has again been raised in that distracted
country.'" Gen Paiedes having' succeeded in
causing a defection of a portion of the Army,
has taken possession of the city of Guanajuato.
He is seconded by Padre Jarauta ; no other
name of note has yet appeared in the ramifi
cations of tho conspiracy. The Mexican Go
vernment had forworded to the scene of in
surrection all its disposable force under Gens.
Bustamente, Yanez, Minon and Cortazar. On
the 20th ult., despatches had been received
from those officers, intimating that they had
so disposed their forces as to compel Paredes
to risk a battle, which 'would bo definite in
its issue. But it is impossible to predicate on
the heterogeneous composition of the Mexi
can Army, and no one knows what sympathy
exists between Paredes and the Generals op
posed to him. The following is the Plan, or
Manifesto, of Paredes, on raising the standard
riaal at Parede..
Mexicans ! The wprk commenced in
iniquity and treason iu 1845, has just been
consummated : more than half the Republio
has been sold to the invading enemy, for a
contemptible sum : the remainder of our ter
ritory will be occupied by the same North
American soldiers, converted into the guards
of the traitor Pena, to sustain the most atro
cious crime the world has ever beheld. The
past recalls to mind Count Julian's betrayal
of his country, through personal resentment ;
but this horrid act bears no comparison with
that of Pena: the former miscreant, blind
with rage, brought the Moors into Spain, ex
posing himself to personal danger : but the
latter, to return to the luxuries and pleasures
of the Capitol, and to keep himself iu power,
sold his country, without tho smallest risk)
after having disarmed the nation extinguish
ed her public spirit, and persuaded her that
insult is advantage opprobrium, honor and
the humiliating state in which she lay pros
trate at the feet of her enemy was a brilliant
attitude and a fiatteringdistinction (prospect.)
It is possible, Mexicans, that yon will tran
quilly and uncomplainingly suffer thisaffront!
Will you coolly look on and see your breth
ren in California, New Mexico, and Chihua
hua, sold to the foe ? These, your brethren,
valient and true, who have constantly fought
in the vanguard, to sustain the religion, the
customs, and tho nationality of Mexico No t
No ! a thousand times No ! !
Few in number are those, who subscribe
this, but they are determined to perish in
sustaining such precious interests. We invite
you to follow our example, and take up arms
against the traitorous Government, raising the
banner of insurrection. We will call on Spain
and other nations to sustain the independence
of Mexico, and they will assist us. We now
give out the same, proclaiming the following
1st. The present Government i renounced
aud disavowed, for having betrayed the na
tion. 2d. The States, consequently, resume their
3d. The same shall consult on the means
of replacing the deposed Government.
4th. The Governors of the States will de
signate the person or persons who shall com
mand the forces in each.
5th. The troops of tho standing army who
give in their adhesion to the present plan
will, conformably to usage, the orders of the
General of the highest rank who may fol.
low their example.
Lagos, June 1, 1848. C. D. Jarauta, Com
mandant ; Juan Ortiz, Colouel of Cavalry ; J.
M. M. Negrete, Commandant of Squadron; a
Lieutenant, three Ensigns of Cavalry, and a
Captain of Infantry.
Immediately after the news of the insur
rection reached Qneretary, the promptest
measures were adopted by the Government
to crush it. Troops were forwarded toward
Guanajuato, where the rebels had establish
themselves and Herrera published nu ad
dress to the nation :
The Monster Snare. Excitement among
the Showmen! The good ship Allen, Captain
Williams, recently arrived at Salem, Mass.i
from the coast of Africa, having on board a
living monster serpent of the Constrictor spe
cies, which verifies all the stories wlu'ch we
have read of their crushing and swallowing
a horse for a single meal. It is much larger
than any before taken, its length being thirty
feet. Of course the arrival ou our shores of
such a monster set all of our showman into
a wonderful fever. Van Ambuigh, and June
and Titus, despatched au agent for Salem via
New Haven one of the firm of Raymond &
Waring proceeded by way of Worcester, and
Barnum sent his major domo, Hitchcock, by
the steamer Bay Mate. The Yankee nrn.
prietor of the snake, seeing such an excite
ment, and feeling that it will be difficult to
run an opposition, has taken high ground
and a telegraphio despatch to Van Amburgh
K Co., announces that he will take no less
than 1 1,000 for it, and in case of not finding
a customer, be will turn '-showman" and ex
hibit it himself. Their agent offered $7,000
lor it, but Mr. Hitcbcack immediately bid
S500 more, and so the matter stands. Captain
Williams positively avers that it took 126
negroes seven hours to secure this monster.
They did it by means ol a' heavy rope, net
made for the purpose, and thrown over him
while coiled up. What a sarpint ! If. Y.
True Sun. '. "'
Nominations or Generals. The Nation
al Intelligencer says the President has sent
lute the Senate the nominations of Generals
Pillow and Cuahing, for confirmation, as regu
lars. "; t: : ...i ! .'!.-A,
Gen. Ctshimo has resigned his commission
An Amnesty to Deserters. Cutting or r
Moustaches. A general order (No. 85) from
the Adjutant General is published with the
President's Proclamation, dated July 6. It
concludes as follows : . ,
9. All deserters, enlisted for the period of
the war, in confinement or under sentence of
Courts Martial, will be dismissed the service
the word "honorably" being erased from the
face of the discharge. .
.10. The President directs it to be announced
in 'general orders" that deserters from the
army at large may peaceably return to their
homes without being subject to punishment
or trial on account of such desertion. No re
ward or expenses will be allowed for appre
hending any soldier who deserted prior to this
order ; nor will any deserter be allowed to
enter the army.
11. "That Aw to be short, or what is gener
ally t'.rmed cropped; the whiskers not to ex
tend below the lower tip of the car, and a
line thence with the curve of the mouth:
moustaches will not be worn except by cavalry
rtgimtnts) by officers or men on any pretence
whatever." Army Regulations, page 213.
The non-observance of the above regula
tion (tolerated during the war with Mexico)
is no longer permitted. It is enjoined upon
all officers to observe and enforce the regula
tion. By order of the Secretary of War.
The Convicts at Bermuda. A correspon
dent of the St. John Morning News furnishes
the following, relative to the Island of Ber
muda, where the Patriot Mitchell now is:
"About 1000 soldiers are garrisoned nt
three or four points on the island. There are
usually about 1400 convicts incarcerated in
four hulks thrree at the '-Dock Yard,' and
the other, the "Thames," ou board of w hich
Mitchell has been placed, nt "St. George's.'
These men, about one-half transported from
five to seven years, for the crime of poaching
are subject to tho laborious employments,
their usual occupation being building forts,
drawing loads of stone like cart horses, under
nn intensively burning sun, .with no vesligH
of tree or shrub for protection : other gangs
are employed at work for many hours in the
water cleaning our channels iu diving bells,
which soon puts a period to their miserable
General Taylor ordered to the Com
mand of the Western Division U.S. Ar
my. Orders have been received nt New
Orleans, says the Picayune of the 30lh ult.,
by which tho command of tho Western Divi
sion of the Army is assigned to Major Gener
al Taylor, and that of the First Department
of the Division to Brevet Brig. Gen. Brooke
Gen. Taylor will make his headquarters at
Baton Rouge, or such other point as he may
select, while Gen. Brooke's headquarters will
continue, as at present, at New Orleans.
The Cholera in Russia According tone
count received from Moscow, the cholera is
making dreadful progress. The number of
cases on the 29th of May alone wereS9; the
number of deaths being 42. During the six
previous days, 464 persons were atlaeked, of
whom 203 died ! This dreadful visitation is
likewise very prevalent at Uobiuski, Kalouza,
aud Jaroslau. It is, therefore, evidently tra
Longevity. Mrs. Mary Rucon, aped one
hundred and eight years, died in Providence,
It. I., on Monday afternoon last.
(t7 The Democratic candidates named
for Governor, are Wm. Bigler, Morris Long
streth, Judge Eldred and Gen. Keim. On
the part of the Whigs James Cooper, Wm. F.
Johnston, and the Hon. Andrew Stewart.
Gov. Shunk is extremely low. It was sup
posed he would go off in a state of pulmona
COMMISSIONER i. the county seat.
Mr. Editor : I have heard it said that
some objected to having a commissiioiier re
siding in the county seat. I confess lhat I
was of the sumo opinion, for some time my
self. But upon reflection and upon reasoning
with a friend, I found that I was wrong. The
business in the commissioners office has in
creased very much in the last ten years, and
much of this busings can often be done by
one commissioner as well as by the board. If
a mutter of doubt arises, it can be postponed
until the board meets. Hut iu nine t;'ses out
of ten. it requires no such nctiun. Now st;?.
posing the commissioner iu town should have
twenty or thirty more days than the others,
is it not certain lhat the board will have to
meet less frequently and would not the
county save more days in this way than by
having the whole board together more fre
quently. Now these are facts that must
strike any one. Besides, if a man should
have urgent business with the commissioners
and should travel 15 or 20 miles to the office
and then find no one there, he must either
neglect his business and go home disappointed,
or make another trip to bring the commission
er to town, which has been tho case fre
quently. And why should persons having
business in this office, not have the same fa.
cilities that is afforded by the Prothonotary,
Register, Treasurer, kc. The Treasurer is
not required by law to live at the county scat,
yet the-public convenience requires that he
should do so, and none wish to make a
change. The same reasons apply to the
commissioners. Let us select a careful, hon
est and attentive man, and the county will
rather gain than loose, and persons, who come
to have business done, that cannot be delay,
ed, wont have to ride ten or fifteen miles to
hunt up a commissioner. Why should we
break down the good old rule of our fore
fathers to accommodate a few office hunters.
Foa the American.
Ma. Ebitob : I see that but little is said
in regard to our next member of Assembly.
This is, I presume, owing to the fact that the
nomination will be conceded to Mr. FRICK,
our late member, by general consent, and
that there will be no opposition. Mr. Frick
has served his constituents faithfully and im
partially, and according to the old rule is en
titled to another term. He was successful
in defeating the bill to divide the county and
attended to his duties generally in a faithful
Foa the American.
Ma. Editor : As the time is approaching
for the selection of good persons to fill the
various offices at the coming election, for the
county of Northumberland. Myself and
neighbors have come to the conclusion to of
fer the name of HENRY J. READER, as an
individual they think most worthy to discharge
the important duties belonging to the office
of Sheriff. We therefore recommend to the
consideration of the Democratic Electors of
Northumberland County.HENRY J. READER
of Delaware township, for that office.1 He"
understands the German well, and is a staunch
Democrat, and is well qualified for the office.
And in accordance with the usages of the
democratic party, the other side of the river
is entitled to the Sheriff. It has heretofore
been customary that this office particular be
given to the different sides of the river, al
ternately. We do hope , that this rule will
iu future bo adhered to. We in this section
of the County, understanding the justness of
the claims of the other side of the river, are
fully determined to go in heart and hand for
the nomination of HENRY J. READER, as
an act of justice to the Forks. Henry J. Rea
der is well known as an honest and intelli
gent German and is just such a man as we
unght to have in the office of Sheriff.
Ou the 25th ult., at Augusta, Noble county,
Indiana, by the Rev. C. H. Blanchard, Wm.
F. Engel, Esq., formerly of this place, to
Mrs. Jane White, of the former place. ,
""list or JURORS
OF Norihum'erlnd County, for August Term.
A. L). IMC.
Sunbury. Martin Hucher.
Upper Augusta. Chtrle. Eckman.
Ltiwer Augusta. Wrn j Iteits.
Ruth. Boiibsm K. Kise, Thos.VcMinc.DiviJ
SHanwkin. i l.riei)rinR, Gottritt Brjmira.
Coal. John I'l.yer, J icon Wagoner.
Juclunn.Cmrnti Otto, Abraham Kegel. John
Upper Mahonvy. John Brown, Philip Moyer.
Link Mahonoy.- -Samuel Troulman.
Lower Mahonoy. if.imurl l.ees
Delaware. (ito. Ojslei, Jacob Hoffman, Henry
Chiltitquagur.lieo. Houpt, Wm. Beikhsmer
Df ij imin Troxel.
Mdlon. Wm. Siiner.
Sunbury. H. Hupt, John LAndaw, John Ran
ilalls, Peler l.ssirus.
Lower .1uguita.m.e Kre-ser, David G it
h.li. John rV-hold.
Upper Auguita. Wm. Reed.
Rush Chailra Folk, Alex. Campbell.
Shamukin.Uto I'en.yi.EdwarJ Koclier. John
Ei en, Ab'. Aucbmuty, Samuel Ent, Atr.iq Sober,
Cval. Ptephrn Eisrnhart
Jjekson -Miri.ii. I l ieoii, W.n, (Jroh, Deiiji
inin Tir.in, Win. Kara., Wm. 8tro.ek.rr.
Upper Mahonoy. 8ul. Hain, Wm. Hherry.
Lower Mahonoy. Daniel I). Macs.
Lew: i I'hilip K.up. jr. Tho U.rr, Aaron II,
Arlman, Michael Rm-il.ir.
Turbut. Ainliew Fu' liner.
Delaware. (Jio. Mjst.ll r. Di.id Watson,
Jas. Oaks, Kobcrt II. W.iso i, I'hilip Dres.ler,
l.'h'istian Goah, Amir w UulTy.
.H ltim l.yn an Wilm, 'Win. C. W'll.nn.
fhiltruaqur la.ae Frederick. Tho. Kilter,
1- hu U. Mi (ire.
KortliU'uber.aml ' Geo. Aplry, Dintel Mai
h ll J. n l,e ii'inj.
I'o n'.--Auso.ii s lahou, Win. Vsukirk.
IT" HOST EXTRJORDISiRI WORKSn
PRIVATE MEDICAL COMPANION.
BY DR. A. M. MAUKICF.AU,
pnoravsoa or disk.ses or woman.
Sixth Editi-ai.- IHnio. pp. 450. Price ,!
"3,090 t'oplea sold In Three Months
Years of suffering, of physical and mental anguish xn
many an altrctionate n-ile, and pecuniary dilheuluee to the
huatuiid, might have lieni spared by a timely p sebion of
It is intended esiieeUllv f r the married, or th- e cmlem
. platinc marriage, as it disi-lwes iiuomtiuit seeret. which
: should be knotvn to them particularly,
j Truly, lui vllge is power. It i. health, Inppineaa, afllu
The revelations r. intoned in its page, have proved a
blessing to thousand, as the umumeralile letter, received
by th. author will nttrht.
Here, als, every female the wife, the mother, the 'ana
either budding into wiimanhood or the one in th. decline uf
years in whom nature contemplates an important change
can discover the causes, symptom., and lb. moat eAeicnt
remedies, and moat eertaiu male of cure, in every com
plaint to which her sex i. subject,
t .pie will ke sent wall tree of pes tag . te the perr
cheser. Over ten thousand eonie. have been sent by mail wilhia
three rrk mini, with perfect safety and certainty.
On the receipt of One Dollar, the Married Woman's
Private Medical Companion" will be sent (autue raxs)
to any part of the t inted States. Al letters must be aost
pid (except those eonlaiuing a remittance) and addreeasd
to Dr. A. M Maariceau, Box I2M. New-York City. Pee
lisliing Office, tag I jberty-st.. New York.
The '-Married Woman'. Private Medical CompeaiOBn ie
toM hy hooksrllers throughout the United Slates.
June 3, IHIS
BARGAINS! BARGAINS ! BARGAINS'.
YUM. H.THUMP8DN, will offer for ..,
' hi- Cheap 8iore in Sunbory, hi entire .lock
Jgo.l b-ing th-liiget ami mo.t varied aaort-.
mi'iu 'U Ihi. . i etion of country, al eoel sndundaw
ft ic-.u r produce, troin this data to the firet of
All peraona wishiM to l,u7 Cheap are ln.f.ii'4
Buiibuty, July 8, 1848 3t
Equitable Life ssirassoej, Aa?aet;-
md Trust (JmsBipSIBljr. , v..
OFFICE 74 WALNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA
Capital 4W,J0 Cmarxa PixrxTOAj..
rpHK Company .re now prepared to transact baeine.
L npon the moat liberal and advantageoa. varaxe, Taev
.re authorised by their charter (sect. 3) "to make an and
every insurance appertaining to life risk, of whatever kind
or nature, and to receive and execute trusts, make endow
ments, and to grant and purchase aunuuies." The OraaK
pany Mllaiuiuiiie. and endowment., aud act aa Trustee
fur nun. its and heir..
Table of Premiums required for the A aw ranee of (100 fop
the whole term of Life.
The premium, are leas than any
polKlee aSord .fmim rl.,,M
other eoaapeaar, as
aud quarterly prenuuma, kali eredu rate of prsnnm, short
form of Application (for which there ere blank
to b. bad on annlifla.ii.iii at iha oakoa. or he . la
.uM, juiim iivv MirviviKaaina ana nuowBsenta: also.
Rates roa wsvaiaa 8100 oa s auajt. LaV
For 1 year.
Example a poreoaeged a yea, next hank day, W
ra SIOU should he die ia one year : er for a a he ee
lo them StttO; or for SIU annually for aavea rear,
ere. k them SIOUI aaouJd ha dm in --
for ew.40 raM annually during Iu. ae axoarea SMxe) pi ke
said when a. diea. Tm wearer aacurin L k,.
by the diSerence in amount of premiums trota taoe
by ether odioea. For StV)6U t
aun ae aie m one year. .
Forms ufamainslion and
the oOW 1.1
Taaisuaia F Maris W. lUwuc
M. tt. lacaxet, ss.taiy.
OoiuaiTiae Phvbiciab- Jkj, 1. 1
i. a reaor, puauury. Aaent f
'V . er
ever. ... .. ,
of the Commonwealth. J
in the Army. . .,.,., ,.
manner. " s"' - SHAMOKIN.
..'en . - '
, July S,