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f '-utv. - !.. -H: -.. r- ..-..T" 7" , tr ZZZZZv lafc ,-, (J IP" '!. T; - - - - '' ! ' " " '.
0I. (JOMNER OF CENTKE ALLEY & MAPKET STREET.
aataa, ax. s aaaaaaaaaol aaaa niMi
NEW 8EU1KS VOL.: 1, NO.
I'UitM-. OF I lib S.IIKKIt'A.'V.
fIR AMRUIRAN la mihll.hol r ftilnnh. ! Til
XtOLLAitS per annum In be paul hulf yearly in advance.
No paper iliac ntinuMt until all arrennurm are mid.
AH c jmmunicatinna or lertera on tnini ik'W. relating to tbe
f- office, to insure aUcntion, mint be POST PAID.
TTireo copies to one address, tVSOO
Raven Be . l)o tUUU
riueen , no uo aiioo
rive aonare in advance will pay for three year'a subacrip.
liim Li the American. '
One Square of 10 linea, 3 times,
Kvery aabacquenl inaerUon,
. Me Square, 3 months,
1 One yeor,
Business Cards of Five linn, per annum,
Merchanta and othcra, advertising- by the
year, with the privilege ol'insertkg dif
ferent airvertisemetita weekly.
t7 Larger Advertiacruenta, aa per agreement.
' B. MASSE?,
'ATTORN R Y AT LAW,
Business ani'iiileil til ill lie )iililltlH 01 N
liun'l i rlnnJ, Unimi. Lvrominn ntl (Milumbit.
. lttftr to i
, , P. & A. ItuVIHMlT,
I Lowkii & Uaiino!.
HoMKhi Si WsunoHAan,
, ;., ., KRISOLna, MCl AKHKII Oi Ull
SpHi.e, 'Joou 6i Co.,
TUB CHEAP DOUR STORE.
;;: r A1TIELS & SMITH'S
. Chkap New & Skcond hand Book Sions.
iS'nrth 'la corner nf t'mtrlh and Arch Slreclt
Law Books. Theological nnrl Classical Books,
. MEDICAL BOOKS,
MOGRAPMCALSr HISTORICAL BOOKS,
Scientific and Mathematical Po ks
Juvenile Books, in great variety.
Hymn Books ind Praypf Books, Bibles, all sizes
Blank Books, Writing Paper, and Stationary,
II . ' e n' lltnli t
lTt'n prices nre much l iwer than the rkovi.aw pricea.
I tr Ijiniarica nun anmii perceia m q : purcilHaen.
I " H inks import to order from London.
PhilaiMphia, April I, 1848 y
PORTER & EWGLlSH,"
' VnROCERS roMMTSSION" MERCHANTS .
nwd Ieiipiaa in Seeda,
y. 3 il-cf PHILADELPHIA
'wi.laiiily on hati'l a ii"in-ial ortnipnf nf
tJRQCERIES, TEAS, WIXES, SEEDS,
To which Ihpy rtipt'tiilly mvile the attention
nl thi- public.
All kiiiil ofcomilry piodin-p iakpp. in exchange
(in (Jioi frina or lolil on Cotntniaainn.
I'hiliul April t. 1-48
JVn. 15 Svutt Sienml ureit En-it tide, duwn ttwra,
HEX 11 Y COULTER,
I'.SI E' TKUl.I.Y uiloima his fiiemlaand
the pub ic, lual he conalantly liui pa on
jiuiMi a larne aa.oittnent ot chi ilrciit vvilnw
(.'ouchPi, Cluira, CraJ ea, market and 1 1 n vei
ling baskett, and every variety of basket work
Country Vlerchanta and othera who wiah to
purchase such aiders, cood and cheap, would
do wen to call on him. aa they are nl manufac
tured by him inthe best manner.
I'hi ade'phia.'June 3, 1848. 1y
cTiRD aTseai. exgu vr IXG.
WM G MASON.
46 Chrsnut it. 3 rfnort abnitiiidt , Philadelphia
Kngravrr of BI SINESS It VISITINO CARDS,
Watch napera. Labela. Door plalej. Seals and
Flainps lr Odd Fellowa. S.ma of Temp-rance.
Ac. fcc Always on hand a general assortment
of Fine Fancy (Joods Gold pent of every quality
Dug Coders irt great variety. Engraveia tools
ml listeria Is.
Aaency tor the Manufacliirer of GlaiiersUia-
Orders per mail (post paid) will be punctually
attended to. ,
Philadelphia, April 1, t"48 y
clo U THY ?1 1 i l C HiV. T
Cun ve from 13 to 33 per Cent.
BY purchasing their OIL CLOTHS direct
from the Manulaclurers
POTTER & CARWICHAEL
Have opened a Warehouse, No. 113 North Third
Street above Race, second door South of tbe Ea
vhete they willalways keey on band acomplete
xnittrienl of: Puleat E'antie CuTr.oge
Clnth "28. 36. 40, 48 and 84 inrhee wide. Fi
g il red, Painted, and Plain on tba inside, on Mus
lin Drilling an Linen. Table Oil Cto'ht nf the
most desirable patterns. 36, 40. 46 and 34 inches
wide ytiioe O'l Cfoihl. from 28 inches to 'i
feet wide. Well seasoned, and I be newest style
of patterns, alj pf their o mi tnanu acture Trans
parent Window Shades. Cat pets, etc All goods
Pbi'.g,. May 87, 1848 3m
arxRST phbmxxtm riANoroaiEs.
fa HE SUBSCRIBER has beeN appoint" agent
1 for thosaloof CONRAD MEYER'S CELE
BRATED PRE 1U ROSE WOOD PIANOS,
at this nlaca.i These Pianos havo plain, mas
live nd beautiful exterior finish, and. lor depth
ol ton, and elegance of workmar.ship, ara not
surpassed by any in the United State
These instruments are buchly approved or by
the most etnihent Professors and omposera ol
Music i this and other citiea. ' ' . .
Foe quahtiea of tone, touch and keeping in
tone upon Concert pitch, tbey cannot b sucpas
ted by aither American or Euiopean P'";
, Sulfic ft to say that Madame Caatellan. W. V
Wallacf. Vietjs Temps, and bil aiiter. Iha c'"
bratin .Piaaiat. and many olhera ol iba moat dia
tinqmsbwd a-rfwsnera. befe ren these instiu
ments pr.ferenc over l otbera r
Tbey have also r reived lb fiiat notice or tbe
three la.l Exhihiliona. and tbe last Silver Medal
by tbe Fianklin Institute in 1843. was awaiderl
to them, wbicb, wHh other premiums Irom the
lam source, may w.MMat tba Wara room No
63 south Fourth aV '4 ' " ;
arTAaoiher Slw M"'1"' ",wl
Meyer, by 'iheFrahklm lii.mule, Oct 1813 lur
the hol Pinna in lb rhibitioi ' '
. Ag.in atlh.eahib liononlM- Fianklia Jnali
)ut. Oct 1846 lb firal premium "' mUI
awarded ta II. Mever for his Pianos although it
had been awarded at (h hibtiou of yeai
before, on the ground that be had made still great
r imiu-evemenla in bit Instruments wilhm lh
paaM9 montba, - v-
i Again at the last rxhirrltiott of 1h Franklin
Institnte, 1147, another Premium was awarded
JaC. Meyer, for Ihebett Piaao in the eghibilion
. At bealan, at their last eihibilion. Sept. 1817
p. Meyer received the dial ailr Medal and I'i
for tbe beat square Piana in lb aghibitlon
. Tbe Piano still a sold at lb rr.annfsrtu
tr slaatesA ptiiladelphia prices, if not something
Ym' 1 Pmaaa ar requested ta calln4 am
taa for tbala, art tba ridae of the sub
SLrP 1 ?i 1 H MA8SIR.
GEMS OF PO.SEY.
. , AUTUMN.
I am Autumn, and I come
With a song of Harvest home;
Rich and splendid ia my ntate,
Many plnasurcs on me wait.
Come, my little child, and soe
What the Autumn brings to thee;
Wheat your daily bread to make,
Indian corn for Johnny cake,
Buckwheat for your nicest dish,
Rice and barley when you wish;
Willi every wholesome vegetable
For your Fall a.id W.uter table.
I am Autumn, and 1 come
Wilh the pear and with the plum
. Peaches for your choicest treat,
Giapes'ir, clusters, ripe and sweet
Apples, russ'Jt, red and white, :
For many a merry winter night.
1 am Autumn, and I bring
Grateful breezes on my wing;
I nhake the brown nuts from the tree;
The wood, the orchard, und the Held,
All to me their riches yield.
I send the ships to other climes,
For lemons, oranges and limes;
I bring the rich Weal Indian pine,
Th' produce of the Spui sh vine ;
Raisins, almonds, figs, I bring
Dales, pomegranates every thing.
From far Sumatra's fragrant shore,
1 waftdeliciou apices o'er
Nulrnfgs, cinnamon and mace,
Cassia, cloves and ginger-ruce ;
Cnffee I bring from Ari'by,
And, from thu farther Indies, tea.
I am Allium, and my bowers
Are planti-d round i h gorgeo'ts drivers
D hlias of th'' ris-h ".t de,
Atnarauih w, h i's troTJ-'it eye,
Coxt'ombs with their cri.nsoii fall",
Chrvsanlh -iims and ma ignlds.
1 am Autumn, and my crown
Is made of lei.ves, red, vi llow, b:ovn.
Purple, crimson, russet, green,
And every varied hue between:
Nought in splendor can compare
Wi'.h the irarments that I wear.
I am Autumn, and I bring
Pleasant days for visiting ;
Atints and coeaiim corar to SHPr
Time flies on wilh mirth and glee.
Every voice unites to praise ;
The cheerful, bright October days.
"But what else, but automata, has society
made ol women in general conventional,
ism their law, and their conscience only a
trembliiifr apprehension of the 'que dira-l-
OnP" ClIARM3 AND CoUXTERCIIARMS.
We give an extract from a series of ad
mirable articles now being published in the
"Southern Literary Gazette" under the
general title of "The Listener, not by Ca
roline Fry." The sketch whose name and
motto heads our article, is one of the most
truthful of these keen communications upon
men and manners, and is directed more par
ticularly at the vapid and o1ten mischiev
ous conversation. during fashionable morn
ing calls. Space will not permit our trans
ferring more than the conclusion to our
columns. The situations of the speakers is
thus explained. A lady just returned from
a round of visits, describes to her mother
the different prrsons she has met, evidently
sick of the heart Iessnes8 of conventional po
liteness. While we acknowledge the stric
tures of the daughter upon modern fashion
able sricteiy, we commend the mother's
wiser second thoughts toailtnose wno nave
influence for good or ill, in the circle im
mediately around them. "Woman's influ
ence," of which to much is daily said, may
thus be appropriately and beautifully exer
ted. Eds. Neal.
"At Mrs. Austen's, I was received by
that lady and her father, who happened to
be present, with great empressement : par
ticular enquiries were made about the well
doings of my child and husband. Now
it's my private opinion that neither the la
dy nor the gentleman care two strawsabout
any of us in fact, would not scruple to in
jure Charlie could they thereby pain any
thing for their own advantage. Mr. Aus
ten has always seemed to be a great friend
of Charlie's, and 1 presume is as much his
friend as he is anyone's who cannot ad
vance his interest in any way. Uut lie is
an ambition man, and therefore selfish, Ido
not know a living being who is gwayed by
ambition, but is intensely selfish, and friends
are soon sacrificed to his predominating
passion.- That person Is sure of sorrow
who is marked out for either the love or
friendship of such an one; bis friendship
is betrayed, and his love outraged by the
sacrifices selfish ambition requiret of them.
1 say all this simply to account for Mrs.
Austin' character. She ia wrapped up in
hiT h'iSaid'i glory, and as neither I nor
Chirlie cai contribute to it, we are useless
on her list. The family used to be very
cordial but not bein?a'le to make as much
out of ui at they hop-d to, th-ir cordiality
has waned considerably, How I honor
aur.h slnceritv as their.! I discern the hoi.
lowness of their every word arji deed
Moreover, 1 despise mvself, that with my
eyes open, I should become infected with
their insincerity, for I sail many thinis I
hardly felt. Yet I believe I still love Mrs.
Auste'n, and when under the immediate in
fluer.ee of her winning manner, and her
o-lnrious eves. I tnr. sincere in wishin our
intercouraa could be- u of old, when I trus
ted u well aa loved. ' ' -
called on our friend Mra. Carrol. She
is ehrittfin ymtn I linceielj believe;
.SUNBUItY, NOKTHUMBIiltUVND COUNTV. PA., SATUftDAY; UCTOREU u7Y
an J hat a mind vastly superior to most of
her sex, which rare gift has been well cul
tivated. On some subjects I love to hear
her converse, but to-day the vein she s truck
was an unfortunate one. She spoke harah
I v of the faults of some who think her their
true friend, and contemptuously of others
ri , .
j Know ineiauus ana weaknesses sne des
canted on are foreign to her nati re, but
she has so little charity, she speaks so cool
ly anq discriminatingly that she frightens
me, and 1 am made fully aware that she
will not spare me when I am away. So I
left her exceedingly amazed, in snite of the
irienanness wnicn sue considers it herdutv
f it.. , .'
to show to all who call On her. .
In pretty Mrs. Henderson's parlor, there
was an affectation of exquisitiveness in eve
ry arrangement which told mnch for its
mistress. As usual she commenced on lite
rary topics, because she knew I cared for
nothing else.' I wish you could have her
say with her hands clasped, and her ej'es
turned up 'Oh ! I should die if it were not
for poetry and music. My soul only breathes
in their atmosphere !'
Now, you know she has neither taste nor
science in her execution upon the piano,
and sinojs or rather squalls, till her reallv
excellent voice is horrible, while her whole
stock of consists in
Full of musk, gem?, and rosss, and called
and a small copy of d.iinty L. E. L
At Mrs. Loriivr's thv PhiIal.-Iohi.a-' red
young ladies were full of tin ir afleclatiivis.
ana expressions ot disgust for the vulgarity
and breaches of etiquette they were obli 'e'd
to put up with in the provincial circles to
which they Were now confined.
iMrs. Lincoln had the usual airs of dicta
torial authority and patronage which dis
tinguish an acknowledged belle. But for
n. r arls, her intolerable vanity and her ego
tism, she would really he quite a clever
woman, but now she is spoiled by the ex.
eessive admiration she received. lean
hardly blame her, the ordeal must be trv-
1 have said little of the attemntsat criti
cal lit- rary conversation, or the hints and
ntiemlots, incorri'He gossips could not
strain ; or the lack of delicacv which
characterized some of the remark's and d
tails I was forced, to listen to. Thin?s I
would blush to name to myself and in dark
ness, were onenlv alluded to and words fell
unlii-sita'.inrny-Avni. n a p. r-.uiru-cr woman
should not recognise in her vocabulary. .
How, I ask you, mother, am I to love
such people, respect themand believe their
profession ? (.an assomtinz with them be
of service to tne or aid me in becominj; th
sincere and meek Christian, the devoted
wife, and judicious mother, theaccomp'ih
ed scholar, the 'perfect woman?' Do you
blame me that I complain ot the enforced
conventionalities which require such asso
"What I a;d of you, Ellen, is that you
will not condemn so indiscriminately. It
is true that none of the straits you have
mentioned are desirable in a companion,
but can you see nothing but their faults in
these people? Might not one who had
just listened to your description of them,
say that Mrs. Eaton was very conceited, or
proud, or opinionated, or uncharitable ? 1
know, my child, you would only speak as
you have, before those in whom you have
confidence, but the consequence of indul
ging such feelings once, is, that they readi
ly rise a second time till they come togive
tone to their character. This is doubtless
the secret of Mrs. Carrol's characteristic
harshness with her clear, discriminating
eye she saw the iaults of all who approach
ed her, and the consciousness of her own
superiority to them was agreeable, so the
impulse was not checked as it should have
been, and thus she has lost the charm of
forbearance and charity which would en
sure to her love, as well as the respect she
commands. Let her case be a warning to
you Ellen, and remember however impor
tant intellectual cultivation may be unaffec
ted and single minded goodness is first to
be sought, and if our natures are not richly
gifted with this divine endowment, we are
to model ourselves with truth and earnest
ness to the example of him who scorned
not to associate with publicans and sinners,
so that he might benefit and bless them.
In Mrs. Charlton an J Mrs. Hall, you see
developed the blessing of a well regulated
mind and the evils of an ill regulated one.
I think the ladies equally amiable, but Mrs.
Hall lacks energy and sytsem, and exempli
fies the folly of a simply fashionable edu
cation. Some of the faults you condemn,
are faults of the heart as much as of the
head. All these ladies may be amiable ;
some of them possess fine domestic qualities
olheisnnly need 'd proper training to be.
coirte all you aspire to be..
Do not then indie others. Ellen, but if
their faults present themselves, be wirned
and teach only by unostentations example
.I.- L!.l ...l;l ...-..
iiie turner principles wtiicti actuate jrwi. ,
Truly there are, as you say, few in this (
world who live according to the dictates
of their better natures, or their Bibles.
Young girls are trained and taught to live
lor admiration and display, rather than love
and usefulness. Wives cannot unlearn this
teaching and -still seek the gay party, or the
round or morning visits lor amusement and
happiness. Mothers attend to the physical
nurture of their children and their minds
are left to the teacher, who is too often
negrlinrent in the discharge of her duties,
while hearts are forgotten by all, and can
we Wonder that such children become only
second editions of the careless, frivolous,
injudious parent t .
It is necessary that some intercourse
should be preserved among all persons con.
stitutin? society, Mijht not these morn,
ing visits be made, as they are at Mrs.
Charlton's tiroes" of improvement!'. Have
not vou, Ellen, the power to give a new
direction; it least for time, to the light
and superficial fancies of Mrs. Henderson;
Cju.'d you not tell tthe Miss Lorimrs of'tho
excellencies of thoso whose awkwardness
so snock thctrij and of your own respect for
th ir go jd hearts, even though they have
never been at Philadelphia, and acquired
the graces nature failed to bestow upon
them? Turn awav from gossip, and show
juu win not listen to inuendoes. Speak
ever truthfully, lovingly, and sensiblyj and
at the end of six months, trill me if 3'our
warm and sympathising heart still finds no
response. You my daughter have only too
truly described modern society, but have I
not shown you a remedy for its evils."
A MAN OVER NIAGARA FALLS A TIIRIL.
The BufFulo Advertiser, of Monday, gives
the following thrilling sketch of a scene at
Niagara Falls:. : .
Neither fieiion nor fact furnishes nil inci
dent of more thrilliiu in'.eresf than one which
occurred Inst evening at thn Falls, mid is de
tailed below by our corro-rondeiit. There is
something- terribly appalling, almost sublime,
in the struggles for life of a strong, sslf-pos-
sessed mutij when drawn intothe torrent that
wi!U tha speed of a race horse, sweeps him
onward to - certain des!.ruc:i e. A moment
scarcely elapses between entire safety and a
m-st fearful death, yet in that moment what
i wealth of life may be compressed. How
like liiilitnins must flash -through the mind
nil the pleasant recollections ordiiMlinod, the
firm res-itves of vigorons i win hood, the hepes
orth future, the endearments of homo ntid
I'ri 'ii Is, repentance for past errors, and pray-
ers for forgiveness iji that dread presence to
which he is so awfully summoned !
.Niacaba Falls, Oct. 2d, 1848.
About sundown last evening a man was
carried over "th Falls. , Who he was is not
known. From his management of the sail
boat in which he came down the river, 1
think he was not well acquainted with the
current or the rapids.' His dress and appear-
unce indicated respectability, and after he
L'o! into tbo in pids his self possession was
most extraordinary. His boat was a very
goa l one decked over in the bow, and I
sh"iu!d thi k would carry three or four tons.
Fiom wh'.t I learn of a sail boat having been
s -eii bt'luw Black R icl:, coming dowr, I think
j' is Ctjih .there or. J3aHala-:-Nd o:h,'c thanji .
p i.s'iii iiniif'ii'..ii ruid with th-. current above
lb - r.ipi-ls would ventures') near them.
1 was on th ' h-'itd iif Goat J-Oand wh-n I
fi-s! discovered the bjat -ilieii near half a
mile lieluu- 'h-' foot of VavvTs.'iiod and near-':
Iv t io mil.- ab:iv.'-tli'Tn!'.: Tlietn seewd''
'o b ' tun in ihelnnf. was lifeetej towards
h A v rie.au sho e the win I blowing from
from this nlur, and still ihn sail tvns Bland-
inir. B-nna well acquainted with th i river,
I regarded ire position nl' lho ' boat as extra
ordinary and hazardous, and watched it with
i itense anxiety. Soon 1 discovered the mo
tion of an our, and from the changing direc
tion of the boat, concluded it had but one.
Whilu constantly uppo cliing rearer and
nearer the rapids, I could discover it was
g lining the American shore, and by the time
it ha I got near ilia first fall in the rapids, a
bout h.ilfa mile uboveGoat Island; it wasdi:
redly above the Island. There it was turn
ed upllia river, and for some time the wind
kept it nearly stationary . The only hope
seemed to be to come directly to Goat Island,
and whether I should run half a mile to give
alarm, or remain to assist, in the event of the
boat attempting to mako the Island, was a
question of painful doubt. But soon the boat
was again turned towards the American sdiore
Then it was certain it must go down the A
nierican rapid s. I ran for the bridge saw
and informed a gentleman and lady justleav-'
ing the Island, but they seemed tinable to re
ply or move. I rallied a man at the toll gate'
we ran to the main bridg in time to see
the boat just before it had got to the first large
full in the rapids. Tnen I saw but one man
ha standing at the stern with hisoar, chang
ing tha course of the boat down the current
and as it plunged over, he sat down.
I was astonished to see ihe boat rise with
the mast and sail standing, and tbe man, a
gain erect, directing the boat tpwards shore.
As he came to the next and to each succeed
ing full he sat down, and then would rise and
apply his oar in the intermediate current.
Still there was hope that he would coirie
near enough to the pier to jump, but in a mo
ment it was gone. Another, that he might
jump upon the rock near, bridge, but tha cur
rent dashed him from it under the bridge,
breaking the mast. ' Again he arose on the
opposite side, Taking his oar and pointing
hi boat towards the main shore, he cried,
'bud I better jump from the boat?" ' Wa
could not answer, for either seemed certain
destruction'. " Within a few rods of the Fllsi
ths boat struck a rock turned over and lod
ged. - (la appeared to erawl from under It,
and swam wilh ihe oar in his hand till he
went over the precipice. ' ' ' .
Without ihe power to render any assistance
for half an hour watching a strong man
sirucjling with every nerve for life, yet
doomed with almost the certainty of destiny
to an immediate and awful death, still hoping
with every effort for his deliverance caused
an intensity of excitement I pray God never
a;raiii to experience.
I write to:i hurriedly for publication, but 1
have stated all we have seen or know res
pecting the man or boat, and from which I
hope yon will be able to glean so much for
publication as will lead to the discovery of
the men. : . ,- , .-. ' :
The potato prop of MassachuseUa is ft large
yield, and entirely free from the rot. v ; ,,
( TALLEVIIAM) AND ARNOLD. .
There was a day when Talleyrand arriv.
nn in IT.,.-.. t,. r t
- ... ..u.,i , hul loot lrom rans. n was
in the darkest hour of the French Revolu
tion. Pursued by the bloodhounds of the
ueign ot i error, stripped of every wreck
v. jJiuperiy or power, Talleyrand secured I
passage to America in n nhin nhnnl tn anil
He was going a beggar and a wanderer to a
strange land, td eatil liis bread bt daily la
bor., ; ,: J
"Is there an American staying at your
uuuse r- ne asuea tne landlord dl the hotel
"I am bound to cross the water, and would
like a letter to some person of influence in
me :mcw worm.''
ihe landlord hesitated a moment then
replied : ' .
"There is a gentleman up stairs, either
from America or Britain, hut whether an
American or Englishman, I cannot tell."
lie pointed the wav, and Talleyrand-
who in his life was JJishop, Prince, anr!
I'ritne Minister ascended the stairs. A mi
serablo supplicant, he stood before the strati
ger's door, knocked and entered.
In the fiir comer of a dimly lighted room
sat a gentleman of some fifty years, his
arms folded, and his head bowed on .his
breast. From a window directly opposite,
a flood of light poured over his forehead.
His eyes looking from beneath the down,
cast brows gazed on Talleyrand's face witn
a p-'cii!iar and search expression. His face
was striking in its outline; the moulh and
chin indicative of an iron will. His form,
vigorous, even wilh the shows of fifty win
ters was clad in a dark,- but rich - find dis
Talleyrand advanced stated that he was
a fugitive and under the impression that
the gentleman before him was an American
he poured forth his history in eloquent
French and broken English
"I am a wanderer an exile. I am for
ced to fly to the New World, without a
friend or home. You" aire an American !
Give me then, I beseech you a letter of
yours, so that I may Le able to earn" my
bread. Iam willing to toil in any manner
the scenes of Paris have filled me with
such horror, that a life of labor would be
paradise to a career of luxury in France.
You will give me a letter to one of yonr
friends. A gentleman like you have doubt
less many friends." "
The strange gentleman rose. With a
treated1 "towards4 fne'tloor' of the next cham
ber, his head still downcast, his eyes looking
Still from beneath his darkened brow. He
sptke a he retreated backward ; his voice
was full of meaning. ,
"I am the only man born in the New
World who can raise his hand to God and
say I have not a friend not one in all
Talleyrand never forgot the overwhelm
ing sadness of that look which accompanied
these' words. i I . . . :
"Who are you!" he.cried as the Btrauge
man retreated towards tne next room.
"Your name ?"
"My name" wilh a smile that had more
of mockery than joy in its convulsive ex
pression "my name is Benedict Arnold."
He was gone, Talleyrand sank in a chair
gasping the words
"Arndld; the traitor:"
Thus you see he wandered over the earth
another Cain, with a wanderer's mark upon
his brow. Even in that secluded room at
that Inn Of Havre, his crimes found him out
and forced him to tell his name that name
the synonyme of infamy.
The last twenty years ot his lue are co
vered with a cloud, from whose darkness
but a few gleams of light flash out upon the
page of history. (
I he manner ot his death is not exactly
known. But we cannot dqubt that he died
utterly friendless that his cold brow was
not moistened by one farewell teat that
remorse pursued him to the grave, whis
pering John Andre ! in his cars, and that
the memory of his course of glory gnawed
like a canker at his heart, murmuring tor
ever. - ' - ' '"'
"True to your country, what might you
not have been. O A mold the Traitor!"
THE SEASON. ,
BV THOMAS HOOD.
Summer's gone and over!
Fogs are falling down .'
And wilh the russet tinges,
Autumn's doing brown.
Houghs are daily rifled
' By the busy thieve,
And the Book of Nature
Getteth short of leaves.
Round a tops of houses,
Swallows as they flit,
Give, like yearly tenants, -;
Notices to quit. r 1
, t Skies pf fickle temper,' 'iS , i:
' : Weep by -turns and laugh--;
Night and day together, . , , "j
Taking half-and-half., . , . . ;
So September endelh -j r ... i.
' Cold and most per"8"
: But the months that follow, .. ; i ,
Sure will pinch us worse !
Count for Coal Burning Chimneys.-
In the chimneys of houses where anthracite
or bituminous coal burutj there is a rapid
destruction- of the cement or mortar, especi
ally at the tops of the chimneys. Tha ele
ment of destruction is eulphurous acid, gene
rated by the combustion of the sulphur con.
tained ui the eoal. The mortar ia a hydrate
of lime, "which, by chemically combining
with the sulphurous acid 1 'rendered soluble
and adhesive. Now Plaster of Paris is i"
phate of lime, and is not attached by the cid
consequently, we have it id cement uii
bl for eonatruotiag that part of the chimney
which is raqioved from ta. nre.
VALUE OF THE POTATO.
Prof. C. U. SHtFAftD, in his address before
the agricultural societies of Hampden and
Hamsliire counties, Mass., made the follow
ing excellent remarks in regard to the potato :
"The potato is a vegetable which the rich
man knows not how to forego; and one which
places the poor man above want. With a
shelter from the weather, and one or two
acres of ground to plant with this tuber, man
may subsist at almost any distance from
the miller, the baker, the butcher, and 1 may
almost add, the doctor. It suits all tastes,
flourishes in nearly all climates, and is emi
nently nutritious and healthful. Its cultiva
tion demands but little labor, and when the
earth has ripened the tuber, they are har
vested without trouble, and cooked without
expense. A few faggots in summer will boil
them, and in winter the necessary heat is
supplied without expense. There is no waste
of time in the process of milling, sifting,
kneading) baking, seasoning, jointing or carv
ing. - There is nothing deficient or aiipcrflu-
ous in a well boiled potato. As soon as the
potato is cooked, it opens by chinks, lets fall
its thin pallida upon Ilia platter, and with a
little salt, butter, or milk, is ready for the
unfastidious appetito of the hungry man.
Start not back with surprise at the idea of
subsisting upon the potato alone, ye who
think it necessary to load your tablos with all
the dainty viands of the market, with fish
flesh and fowl, seasoned with oils and spices,
and eaten perhaps, with wine, stai. not
back 1 say, with feigned disgust, until yon
are able to display in'' your own pampered
persons, a finer muscle, a more beau ideal
outline, and a healthier red than the potato
fed peasantry of Ireland and Scotland once
showed you, as you passed their cabin doors!
No ; the chemical physiologist will tell you,
that the well ripened potato when properly
conked, contains every element that man re
quires for nutrition ; and in the best propor-
ions in which they are found in any plant
whatever. There is the abounding supply of
starch for enabling him to maintain the pro
cess of breathing and for generating the
necessary wa:-m;h of bo.ly, tluieis th ) nitro
gen for contributing to the growth and renno-
vation of organs; the lime end tha puopho-
us for the bones ; and all the salts which. a
potato may well bo called the universal
plant ; and the disease under which it now
labars, is a universal calamity. If any agri
cultural institution should ever bo so fortuuate
as to make us acquainted with tha means of
controlling it, its name would quickly rank
by the side of tho proudest universities, and
f the gieat discovery should proceed from a
single individual, his name would live when
those of tbe greatest generals and conquerors
have become as uncouth and strange to hu
man utterance as their deeds were uufriendly
and opposed to human happiness."
A MODEL FARM.
About 12 miles from Philadelphia, on the
road leading to Be lilt-hem, Kaslou, Allen.
town, &c.,lhe eye of the traveller never fails
to be delighted with a truly magnificent farmj
lying on both sides of the turnpike, the bunti
ngs all on the West side, which is the very
embodiment of order and neatness. Here
the fences are always in the finest condition-
barns always groaning under the weight of
provender and here uie seenobout 100 head
of the finest Devonshire milch-cows that are
collected on any One farm in the Common
wealth. That furm, reader, is owned and
cultivated by Morois LoscsTRttH, the Dem
ocratic candidate for Governor.
The man who in the management of his
own affairs gives such striking evidences of
system, order,' and economy; may be safely
trusted with the management of public aftairs;
combining as he does, with these good quali
ties, the necessary qualifications and experi
ence. Private industry and integrity, united
to general intelligence and correct views of
public policy, are tho qualifications most to
be desired in a public officer In our opin
ion, no better man could have baon sslocted
to gll the Gpvemor's chair than Mouais Long
stretii, the Quaker Farmer - of Montgomery.
Woil Samuel Lawrence, a very large
dealer In wool, says that within 25 years we
shall produce a greater quantity that any
other nation in the world, and says further
that there ia not now euougu annually raised
in this country, by IUO',000,000 lbs., to meet
the demand of the manufacturers.
Potatoes. It is now very' generally con
ceded, we believe, that the crop of late pota
toes in this State, is almost entirely free from rot
and will give a large yield. The early pota
toes', on the contrary, were more or le lain,
led. The same may be said of Connecticut,
in reference to the wiuter potate'es. BosWn
tOn the contrary, the early planted potatoes
have done very well ia Coneoticul, while the
later olanted are inferior, bom in quality "u
quantity, in consequence of drought- At least
such is the fact iu the 5outueru iu .
State. U the Northern there tiwr nm
and the result may have been dillerent.j
Jour, of Commerce.
' ;M: Cocoauif baa arranged satisfactorily
the b)in Of tha loan which he went to
London for., A letter in tha Journal of Com-ir-erco
says; "Tbe house that have taken so
large a poriioa of this U. S. i have done no
fof investment principally." "(
la Croup, tnoet beneficial effect never fell
to follow tb giving a ubleavpoooful of lamp
Oil. . i-i
THE FIVE PEACHES. -
A Peasant returning from the city brought
home with him five peaches, the most beau,
tiful ones which he could find. It was the
first time that hia children hail ever seen this
fruit. Therefore they " admired them and
were delighted with their red cheeks and
delicate down. The father then divided
them among his four children, reserving one
for their mother. ' t
At evening, before the children Went into
their sleeping room, tbeir father asked them.
''Well, how have tha peaches tasted ?"
"Deliriously, dear father," said the eldest
"They are fine fruit, so juicy and sweet. I
have carefully kept the stone, and 1 will plant
it and rear a tree."
"Good," replied tho father; "that is acting
prudently, and caring for the future as be
comes a farmer " .
"I ate mine up at once, and threw away
tha stoiie,".said the youngest, "and mother
gave me half of hers." . , .
"Well," said tha fjth-r, "you have not ac
ted very wis"ly, but still natural and like a
child. . Wis.lom will come by-and-by."
The second son then said "1 picked up
the stone which little brother threw away
and crocked il. There was a kernel in it just
like a nut. But I sold my peach, and receiv
ed for it money enough to buy twelve when
I go to the city."
Tho fathei shook his head, and said :'It
was wisely done, indeed, but it was not na
tural nor child-like. I think you are. destined
to b3 a inerchai t."
"And you, Edmund ?" asked .the father.
Edmund answered frankly and caielessly
"I carried my p -ach to our neighbor's son,
the sick George, who is ill of fever. He re
fused to take it. Then I laid it upon his
bed, and carne home."
"Well," said tha father, "and who has
made the best use of his peach ?"
Then nil thrco ciied cut "Brother Ed
mund !" .
But E.lmund was silent and li s mother
embraced him with tears in her ever,'-
A FioitT with Revolvers. On Tuesday
last, tho following incident occurred in Louis
ville, Ky. :
'Yesterday evening, . whilst the public r
by a great number of the boardors, a""young
approaching Mr. E. P. King, merchant, at
the corner of ilcin and Siicoiid streets, who
was seated at the back of tho room, presen
ted a revolver close to his (King's) head, and
discharged three balls. Mr. King, throwing
up his hand at the instant, saved his head
but lost two of his fingers. Wagner retrea
ted precipitately to the street, followed by
King, who, in turn, drew a revolver, and
madd two or three ineffectual Bhots at Wag
ner. Wagner pursued his way up Main to
Second street, and when opposite th9 Gate
House, turned upon his pursuer, and here
several shots were fired by each, without ta
king effect on either side. Wagner finally
sought the protection aiForded him by the
open door of Mr. Kessler, and as he passed
in Mr. King fired the ball passing within
a few inches of Mr. Kessler, who was attrac
ted to his door by the report of fire-arms in
tha street. It is truly surprising how so many
shots could have teen exchanged without ef
fect." Formation of Hail. Professor Stevelley,'
at a meeting of the British Association, read
a paper on meteorological phenomena, in
which he attempted to account for the firma
tion of hail, by supposing thai It must be
formed whan after tha fall of some rain, a
sudden and extensive vacuum being caused,
the quantity of caloric abstracted was so
large as to cause the ret of the drops to freeze
into ice balls as they formed. This princi
ple, he said, had been strangely overlooked
although, since the days of Sir John Leslie,
every person was familiar with experiments
on a small scale illustrative of it. He also
said that the interesting mine of Chemnitz,
Hugary, afforded an experimental exhibition
of the formation of hail on a magnificent scale
!n that mine the drainage of water is raised
by on engine, in which common air is vio
lently eoniprer-sed in a large cast iron vessel.
While the air is in a state of high com pres.
siont a workman desires a visiter to hold hi
hat before a cock which ho turns J the com
pressed air, ns it rushes out over the surface
of the water within, bring out somo with it,
which is fro;:en into ice bolts by the cold
"eiientted by the airas it expands J and these
shoot through the hat to the no small annoy
ance of one parly, but to the infinito amuse-niL-nt
of the other. ' '
.. Hocas of Labor. As decided upon by tho
French National Assembly on the 8th ult., a
day's labor ia limited to 12 hours in the man.
ufaotories. A former law, for 10 hours, gave
general diesutia-factior, wiU- won rejected by
616 to 67. Four workmen 'took part in the
debate. .; .' 7 '' '.
N. P. Willis is writing campaign songs in
favor of Taylor and Fillmore . . ' ,
; .' )
FaibiiTrcL A little boy, named King, re
cently fell down a precipice, a distanne of
sixty-five feet, near the railroad station in
Roxbury,' and 'felt pretty comfortable the
next rooming." , ,
6ttax. "What is the meaning of Syntax
mother V inquired a little girl.
'It is a tax on sin, and this Is th onK
thing put is -tot hued in Fenusylvan,"
the reply," !' :; ; - v
OLD SERIES VOL: 9,