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In i .', , if1.! ! ,' " I
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' OFFICE, MARKET STREPS, OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE.
1 jramfla ilctospaptr-Dctotrti to 3JolMcs, fcftcraturc, uoralHfl, jorctjju ant Domestic ilctos, Stftncc ana the girts, aarlculturr, juarttrts. amusements, are
NKV WkuUCS ,'VOL. .7, NO. .
SUM5L11Y, NOli rilUMUKIM.AM) COlTY. A., RATI IJDAY, MAY S3. I8.9.
OLD SKIUliS VOL.
13, NO. 3.1
' ,; S--
" TERMS OF THE AMERICAN.
rX"Kt AMKrtlAN la piibliiilirit eyefy ftitnnlay nt
TWO JHI,LAI19 piif nimuin In hp ptiul halt eariv in
mlvnuce. N Mier dinronliuind until all iirrniruKvs' nrs
' All comrmtMicntions or letter, on hnsinc. rcVonip; to
Ihe office, to insure Mteilliiai, tnnst In- fliM' PAID.'
. nv . ' TO CI.VU3. !
J"hree copies to one acldress, PSim
eleven )u n ' 111 l HI
Fiiieen 1) ....Dn , aiini
Five dollar in nib-snci will pny for llnee yew's juh-w-rtptj.
to (he American. : . . . -
Jjlne Suumi n id Imps, S timet,' ' " "
r'very Rulmcquciit hiftertinti, ' i
Hie S(iinre, 3 iimntlis,
Pi inniiiht, ii.
HimiiiFM Cnnl nt Five linen, per nniiiim,
'Merchnntt nnd nfliem, nrlvertiKiiiir hv tire
vpiir, with Hip privilege! .f inncrtiiig
fHnrent iuU'crliSL'inull weekly.
' ty ImrgiT AilverliMrinnitft, n. per nprcenmil.
ATT O.U.N JS.Y A T .I. A W ,
crzsrEtrs-jr, r a.
' UtimnoK. nttrirlril r in the-Connlir nf Nrr
tliumbcilaml, Union, Lvrnmins; nd Cultiinliia..
P. A A. Kovniult, T
. . Lower V Pnrron,
Homor." & flini1 tusr, rhiLiil.
KoynoMH, MoFiirlaml & Co.,
Picring, GooJ &. Co., J
TAKKS J. NAILLI?;
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, ;
TTIIJ,! nftorul fniihfiillv Btitl promptly to nil
' .rirofrsiounl luiiiiPsA, in JSortliumlwriiind
ami Union ronrilios. lie in familinr with the
(irrinim IntniuiiffP. .
OFFICE :- Opposite tlio "I.nwrcnrc House,"
few doors from tlie Court llnuso.
' funliury, A115. 10, 18S1. ly.
Ti;hm.o and sciioi.T, s.wvixrs
SIIOI'. Wood Turiihiff in nil its lir;ni lies,
in erty -stylp nnd at rity prices, livery variety of
Ciiliinet nnd Carpenter work either on linnd or
turne.d to oriler.
Heil Posts, Unlusters, KosettB. Pint nnd Quar
tet Motildinsn, 'J'slilc Les, 1 Newe'd Posts, Pat
tern. Awniim Post., V?in Hoi"'. Columns,
Hound or Oetauon Chisel il-.indles. iVr.
Vv- Tliis sliop is in NTUAWIJKKKV AT.
.i;V, near Tliitd Mreet, and, ns wo inlend to
please nil our ensloiners who want no nl w.nrk
tlnne, it ill hoped tliut all the trade wil' !?ivfi s a
1 CfT Ten-Pins imd Ten-Pin Halls mude to or
iler iir ret timed.
' 'J'lin nttontiiin of Cnhinet MaV.ers and Carpen
ter is ealled to our new stvle of TWIsT
HKJl. I.DINCS. Printer's Uinlets at I per 100
feet. W. O. HICKOK.
Fehrnnrv 7, 1852. ly. -
HARDWARE, CUTLERY AND GUNS
Ton, 31 V 33 Market Slrcrl.
rSIHE snliwriliert would eall the attenli.in of
huyers to their slivk of Hardware, consisting
Vif TaMe nnd Porket Knives. Cuns, Chains,
l.oeks, lTollownre, &.C.. &c. "c would reeom
mend to all, our . , . '
landless Clisiiii Tumps.
a new nrtiele now petting into peiieral use which
ve enn furnish eonip'ete at aliotit one half tlie
priee paid fur tl e old style Pumpt, also a new ar
ticle of .limits Tat e IPnor l.nclit, each
l.ciek wilted either for riilit or left hand doors,
with mineral or white knobs.
Our stock of ;iiih is hire nnd well select
ed, eomprisinir single nnd douhle hnrrels, Fni;!is!i
and lierimin make. All rjonils enn lw returned
if not found to he as represented. (Country mer
chants wonld do well to call on us before pur
Wheelwrit'lils nnd earriaire makers supjilied
villi goods suited to their business, bv palling on
V. H. & (' W. AU.HN,
Nos. 31 & Co Market Street, Piiiladi lihia.
February, SI, 152 Cms.
Y7M. HcCARTY, Eoofcellcr,
nu:ifvTiY, sci:i'itv, pa.
MAS just received and for pale, Purdous Di
gest of the laws of Pennsylvania, edition of
1851. price only ijli.tlll.
Judge Heads edition of Iilaekstouet Commen.
tnries, in 3 vols. 8 vo. formerly sold at 310.00,
and now offered (in fresh binding) nt tlie low
price of ffi,0 J. , . ' "
A Treatise on the laws of Pennsylvania re
specting the estates of Decedent, hv Thomas F.
Gordon, prieo only $4-00.
- Kossuth nnd the Jluimarian war: comprising
a complete history of the lale strugjle for freedom
of that country, with notices of the leading chiefs
and statesmen, who disliimuished themselves in
council and in the field, containing S8 pagu uf
interesting matter with authentic portraits.
Kossuth's eddress to the people, of tlit I'nited
States, with a portrait, printed on broadcast, and
put on rollers after the manner of maps, price
only 50 centt. Washington's farewell address,
uniform stvle with the above.
February, SI, 1S5. It.
JO IX STOXK ft SONS,
, IMPOHTKliS AND l)l-.AU'.ltS IX
No. 45 South Second Street, Philadelphia.
RE now prepared to offer to their customers
and the trade a large and well sflecltd as
sortment of r
Mki, millions & Millinery r;nori.
Confining themselves exclusively to this branch
of the trado, and liitjtvrting the larger part of
their stock, enables them to oiler an assortment
unsurpassed in extent nnd variety, which will be
sold at llie lowest price and on the inojt favor
March 13, 1852. 5no. ? '
Alden'8 Contented Reports of Penua-
3LfT Published, and for sale by the mihscri-bor-the
iitcvuii lo.m of AldeiVs ('n
cleused Pennsylvuuia Jieports, eoutaiidng tlie
last three vuluines ul eules Jteports, irnd two
first volumes of Himiey's l'eports. The lirjt vol
ume of Alden, containing Dallas' KcporW, vol
umes ; sun leaies Reports, volume 1, is also on
hand, and for sale. The above two volumes are
rolnylett' within themselves, nnd cf.nlsinitH of
pailtu Ksports, 4 vulumea, and all of VeaW
Jvcports, .4 volumes, Utvuttea tho two first volumes
o Viuney'f licpurU. The third volume isriudy
autl will be put to prejn iuuuedLiUdv. ,
- U. UgMASi&li, Agent.
.3tiuburj-, Auj, 10, ltjSl .
Lycoming ' Mutual Insurance Company.
"I1R. J. 13, MASHER i thHocal auent for the
-1 abuve Insurance. Comnanv. in Norihnu,l-r.
and county, and is at all timet ready to ull'ci t
Insurances against fire oil real or personal pro.
erty, or renewing policies for the same,
.v SunUirv, A-itiiae, D15l.-r-tf. . .... ; . j
INK Bourcau's celebrub d ink, and also Con.
gres ink for wile, wholesale and retail bv -December
88, 18 50. H b MASSKR.
'fJie m thy blessinc, millier,
For 1 mirel now away, , . .
To iiii'i t my lionny Ayni's, millier,
lT jinn her bridal ilny
I'vp loved lur laiia Mini wrt'l, millier,
Aiiil ihou my I 'vp hast known ;
Th-ii lay llty hiinil upon tno, tnilher,
And Mfss thy kiipelmg sou." I
"All I Willie!, how my heart o'prdows,
When thus I hour llice speak )
My teats are glistening tin ihy ha i r,
And l ropping nn ihy' cIipi k
And nil ! Jiow irii'tnoiy calls tip now
Thp days of nuld lnna oyiu';
WIumi I u insouie lu ide liisl cnllM ,
Thy painted falhi-r, inim.
"Ve look mn likp hiin, Willin, dear,
W look ao like him now ;
V'p Inn llir same, dark, tender e'en,
The same broad noble) brow.
Ami sic.il a Hinjln was on his fuee,
When In ih it moiiiina; cnm
To biiug iuva! as ye niunii do,
A lassio tn his llame.
'Tnir I'liiKl. h"r In-art is bpaling now,
As it ne'er heat liolore ;
I'nii child, 1 ken her hael e'en
Wi' main are iiinniii' o'er.
Slip loves thee, Willie, but sho feuls
To wed's n solemn thing,
I weel remember lenv I frit,
Wliuii looking on the ring.
"I weel reinetnlipr," too. the hour
When i' n heavy sigh,
I lorii'd a wile sue yoniig nnd and,
To bid them n' iiiiod-by"-The
tears were pushing then, I know,
For 1 love I tnv kindred weel,
And though mv nin was by my side,
I could i;a' help but feel.
"Rut then how kind he look my hand,
And trenllv whispeM, 'Come!
solt s'nr shines o'er mv eot, '
biiii s above thy home !'
die. i I'umi since he's dead,
I've w.itclt.'d that
And 1 1 1 . 1 1 it H t I s ivv bis jrciitlu face
Stnila in il fiom afur. '
"We hived ilk i her weel, Willie,
We hived ilk ither lang ;
Ah, me how happy was t h heart :
That trill'-d Ihe even sanj; ! '
We hived i'.k ilher. Willie, right ;
And mny God grunt it so,
That ye triiiun hive as we twa luved
In d;ys lung, Uii! ngo.
"Oh ! fondly rlierish her, Willie,
SShe is s.ie young mid fair ;
She has not kuovn a singe cloud,
( r loll a siiitd care.'
Tle'ii it a canld world's storm should come
Thy way In ovetea-t, ' . ' . :
Oli 1 ever aiaiiil Miou ail a man,)
H 'tween' her and the blast. '
'Whi'u first f kne.w a niilhei'p iride, ,
'Tns wh-li I gazed oil lh";- - " '
And w hen my iiher llowers3 died, '"'
Thy snide was led In me.
And I can scarce believe il true,
So lale ihv lib began.
The pi. in fill bairn I fmitidled then,
S'.iiinls by me now u man ;
Then tell thy bnnnie, Willie,
She has mv (i'sl born son ;
I lak' the dai ling from my arms,
And gie hun to her own !
Oh ! (die will cherish thee, Willie,
For when I maun depart,
She, onlv tdio, will then be left
Tu liil thy lonely heart !
I di;ina tear to die, Willie,
I ever v i-hed to "ang ;
The sidt, green mould in yoti kiik-yard,
Has lonely been too king.
And I would lay me tliere, Willie,
And a death s tenors brave,
Reside the heart sao leal and true,
II 'Us within the grave.
' Then gang awa', my b!esrd bairn,
An I bring ihv gentle dove ;
And diiiua frown if a' should grieve,
To pari wi' her thev love.
But if a tear fills up her e'e.
Theu whisper as thev pari,
There's rnoin for I hen at niiiher hearth
'J'heie's room in milhei's heart. '
An I may the God that reigns above,
Ami sees v a' Ihe while,
Look down upon your plighted troth,
And bless ve hi Ins smile.
And tnnv'st thou ne'er forget, Willie,
In a' tbv tii'uie lite,
To serve tlm 1'nwer that gave lo thee
Thy kind and guileless wile."
CD i) cot itovy.
Mv Uncle Bealey, who commenced his
commercial career very early in the pre
sent century as a bagman, 'will' tell sto
ries. Anion-' them, he tells his single ghost
story so often, that I am heartily tired ol it.
In sell-defence, therelore, I publish the
lale in order that when next the good, kind
old gentleman oilers to bore us with it, eve
rybody may say they know it. I remem
ber every word ol it.
One line autumn evening, about forty
years ago, I was travelling on horseback
from Shrewsbury to Chester. I felt toler
ably tired, and was beginning to look out
lor some snug way side mn, where J. might j
pass the night, when a sudden and violent J
thunder storm came on. My horse, terri
fied by Ihe lightning, fairly took the bridlw
between his teeth, and started oft with me
at lull gallop through lanesand cross-roads,
until at length I managed to pull him up
just pear the door of a neat looking coun
try inn. . , .
'"Well," thought I,.. "there was wit in
your madness, old hoy, since it brought us
to this comfortable refuge." And alight
ing, I gave him in charge to a stout far.
mer'sTmy, who acted as ostler. ' The inn
kitchen, which was also the guest room,
was large, clean, neat, and comfortable,
very like. the pleasant hostelry described by
Iza'ak Walton. There were several travel
ler already in the roomprobably like
myself, driven there for shelter and they
were all warming themselves by the blaz
ing fire while waiting for supper. I join-
ed the party. Presently, being summoned
by the hostess, we nil sat ilnwn, twelve in
number, to a smoking repast of bacon and
eggs, corned beef and carrotts, and stewed
hoit. ....... . . . . , ,
The conversation naturally turned on
the mishaps occasioned by the storm, of
wtiicb every one seemed o have bis lull
share. One had been thrown oft" his horse ;
another, 'driving in a gig-, had been upset
into a dyke', all bad got a thorough wel
ling, and agrepd unanimously that it was
dreadful weather a regular witches' Mh
bath! "Witches and ghosts prefer for their sab
bitli a fine moonlight night to such wea
ther as this!"
These words were uttered in a solemn
tone and with strange emphasis, by one of,,neno,r ",e sum-ner-notise, ami loumi
the company, lie was a tall dark looking ! lhe s1u,,,'nl ,n r,"'v"l'i"1''3- A pfiper s,2ned
man, and I had set him down in my own j with the name "! rancis Villiers," was found
mind as a travelling merchant or pedlar. i on ,a!l'('
My next neighbor was a gay, well looking As soon as the student's senses were re
fashionably dressed young n,an, who, burst- I storotl, he asked vehemently where was the
ing into a peal of laughter, said:
"You must know the manners and cii?
toms of ghosts very well, to be able to tell
that they dislike getting wet or muddy."
The first speaker giving him a dark fierce
look, said :
"Young man speak not so lightly of
things above your comprehension."
'Do you mean lo imply that there are
such things as ghosts ?"
"Perhaps there arp, if you had courage
lo look at them."
The young man stood up, flushed with
nnger. But presently resuming his seat, he
said, calmly :
"That taunt should cosl you dear, if it
were not such a foolish one."
"A foolish one!" exclaimed the mer
chant throwing on the table a heavy leath
ern purse. "There are fifty guineas. I
am content to lose them, if, before tin; hpur
is- ended, I do not succeed in showing vou,
who are so obstinately prejudiced, lhe form
of any ohp of your deceased friends; and
il, aller you have recojni'-'pd him, you al
low him to kiss your lips."
We nil looked nt each other, hut my
young neighbor, still in the same mocking
manner, replied :
"You will do lhat, will you 2"
"Yes," said the other "I will slake
these fifly guineas, on condition (bat you
will pay a similar sum, if you lose."
After a short silence, the young man
said gaily :
"Fifty guineas, my worthy sorcerer, are
more than a poor college sizar ever posses
sed ; but here are five, which, if you are
satisfied, 1 shall he most willing to wager."
The other took up his purse, saying, in
a contemptuous tone :
"Young gentleman, you wish to draw
"I draw back !" exclaimed the student.
"Well! if I had the fifty guineas, you
should see whether I wish to draw back !"
"Here," said I, "are four guineas, which
I will stake on your wager."
No sooner bad I made this proposition
than the rest of the company, attracted by
the singularity of the affair, came forward
to lay down their money ; and in a minute
or two the fifty guineas were subscribed.
The merchant appeared so sure of winning,
that he placed all the stakes in the student's
hands and prepared for his experiment.
We selected for the purpose a summer
house in the garden, perfectly isolated, and
having no means of exit but a window and
a door, which wp carefully fastened, after
placing the young man within.
We put writing materials on a small ta
ble, in the summer-house, and took away
the candles. We remained outside, with
the pedlar amongst us. In a low solemn
voice he began to cbaunt tho following
'Vhut rict!i sl w fr-'iil the ocean cavcl
And th .t'nny surf ?
Th phantom pale pel. hi. hlarkcactl foot
Oh thoiresli green tnrf.
Then raising his voice solemnly, he said :
"You asked to see your friend, Francis
Yilliers, who was drowned, three years
ago, oil the coast of South America what
do you 6ee "
"I see replied the student, 'a white light
arising near the window; but it has no
firm; it is like an uncertain cloud.'"
We the spectators -remained pro
"Are you afraid!" asked the merchant,
in a loud voice.
"I am not," replied the'student, firmly.
After a moment's silence, the pedlar
stamped three times on the ground, and
''Anil lhe ptuuiU'in wiite, whose clay ciM luce
Was once ao luir,
Dries with the hriud liis rlinimi; vest
Ancl hi. fim-loftst-d luiir.'
Once more the solemn question :
"You, who would see revealed the mys
teries of the tombf what do you see now V
The student answered, in a calm voice,
but like (but of a man describing things a
they pass before him :
"I see the cloud taking the formofa phan
tom ; lis bead is covered with a long veil it
stands still !"
"Are you afraid V
"I am" not !"
We looked nt each other in horror-stricken
silencp, while the merchant, raising his
arms above his head, chanted, in a sepul
chral voice ' ' " '
"And the phantom said, m be rose from the wave,
'' ' lie shall kn'iw ine Hi toolli !' -. 1 1 '"
1 will J lo my friend, ray, tuuluii;, ami f nd, '.
t As ill out tirtl youth Vt
"What do you see 1" said he,
"I see the phantom advance he bfls bis
yeil 'lis Francis Yilliers! he approaches
the table he writes! 'lis his signiture!"
"Are you afraid 1"
A fearful moment of silence endued ;
then the student replied, but in an tillered
"I am not,"
With strange and frantic gesture, the
merchant then sang.
"And the pliniittiiir oiit In the m irUioa:
I c-iiui' fr.'in tli.- s iinli ;
Put ihy IiiuhI on my lenul lliy lieait on my heart,
Thy in. .iilli on my inutllh ! '
'What do yon see?"
"He conies he approaches hp pursues
me he is strearhing out his arms he
will have me! ' Help! help! Save me!"
"Are you afraid 'now?'" asked thetner
chntit in a mocking voice. ' '
A piercing cry, and then a stifled groan,
were the only answer of the terrible ques
tion: "Help that rash youth !" said the mer
chant bitterly. "I have, I think, won the
wager ; hut it is sufficient for tne lo have
given him a lesson. Let him keep his
nioney'for the future;'
Me walked tapidlv nwav. AVe op"ned
vile sorcerer who had subjected him to such
a horrible ordeal he would kill him ! He
sought him throughout Ihe inn in vain ; then,
with the speed of a madman, be dashed
across the fields in pursuit ol him and we
never saw eilher of them again. That,
children, is mv Ghost Sloiy !
"And how is it Uncle, 'that after 'that,'
you don't believe in ghosts !" said 1, the
first time I heard il.
"Because, my boy," replied my Uncle,
"neither the student nor Ihe merchant ever
returned : ami the fortv-five guineas, be-
I longing to ine and the other traveller, con
I tinned equally invisible. Those two swin-
dlers carried them oil, alter having acted a
I farce, which we, like ninnies, believed to
I he real."
H Lr;n mod i- of fir.TTt.Mi a wife."
One little act of politeness will some
times'pave the way hi fortune and prefer
ment.' The following sketch ilh.strales
the fart :
A sailor, roughly garhed, was sauntering
through the i-irerts of Jew Orleans, then
in a rather damp condition, from recent
rain and the rise of lhe tide. Turning the
Corner of a- much frequented and narrow
alley, he observed si young lady standing
in perplexity, apparently measuring the
depth ol the muddy water bet ween her and
the opposite sidewalk, with no very satis
The sailor paused for he was a great
admirer ol'beauly (and certainly the fare
thai peeped out from under tlie little chip
hat, and the auburn curls hanging glossy
and niiconfiiieil, over her muslin dress,
i - - ...
migni tempt a curious or an admiring
glance.) Perplexed, the lauv nut (orthotic
little font, when the gallant sailor, with
characteristic impulsiveness, exclaimed :
"That little fool, lady, should not be soiled
with the filth of this lane. Wait fur a mo
ment, and I will make yon a path."
Ni, springing past her into a carpenter's
shop opposite, he bargained for a nlank
which stooil in the doorway, and, coming
back to the smiling girl, who was just co
quettish enough to accept the services of
the handsome sailor, he bridged the narrow
stream, and she tripped across with a merry
"Thank vou," and a roguish smile, makiiu
her eyes as dazzling as they could he.
Alas! our young sjilor was perfectly
charmed. What else could make him
catch up and shoulder the p'ank, and fol
low the little witch to her home, she twice
performing the ceremony of "walking the
plank," and each time thanking him with
one of her eloonent smiles. Presently, our
hero saw the young lady trip up the mar
ble steps of a palace of a bouse, and disap
pear within its rosewood entrance; for
full a miiinte he stood looking at the door.
and then, with a wonderful big sigh, turn
ed away, disposed of Ins drawbridge, and
wended bis path back to the ship.
Ihe next day he was astonished with an
order of promotion from the captain. Poor
Jack was speechless with amazement. He
had not dreamed of being exalted to the
dignity of a second mate's ollice on board
one of the most splendid vessels that sailed
out of the port of New Orleans. He knew
he was competent, (or instead of spending
his money in visiting theatres and bowling
eys, he bad purchased books and become
quite a student; but he expected years to
intervene belore his ambitious hopes could
His superior officers seemed to look upon
him with considerable leniency, and gave
him many a (air opportunity to frather
maritime knowledge; and in a year the
handsome, gentlemanly young mate, ac
quired unusual favor in the eyes of the
portly commander, Captain Hume, who
had first taken the smait little black eyed
fellow, with his tarpaulin and tidy bundle,,
as his cabin boy.
One night the young man, with all lhe
other officers, were invited to an entertain
ment at the captain's house. He went,
and to his astonishment mounted Ihe identi
cal steps that two years before the brightest
vision he had. ever seen pass over a vision
he had never forgotten. Thump, thump,
went his brave heart, as he was ushered
into the gceat parlor, and like a sledge-hammer
it beat again, when Captain Hume
brought forward his blue eyed daughter
and with a pleasant smile, mid :
"The young lady once indebted to your
politeness for a safe and dry wa!k home."
It wjs only a year from that time that
the second mate trod the quarterdeck part
owner with the captain, not only ol Ins ves
sel, but in lhe aflection-!nf his daughter,
gentle, Grace Hume,' who bid cherished
respect, to say nothing of Jove, fur the
bright eyed sailor.
The old man has retired from business.
Henry ' Wells is now Captain Wells, and
Grace Hume is, according to polite par
lance, "Mrs. Captain Wells.". In fjctvour
honest sailor is one of the richest men in
the Crescent City, and he owes perhapsthe
greatest part of his prosperity to his tact
und politeness in crossing the street.
HISTORICAL RKKTCII OF JAPAN
Til B EXTIRPATION OF CHRISTIANS.
The Portuguese who had setlled in great
numbers in Japan, intoxicated by the extent
of their rommeree nnd thp success of their
religion, became so obnoxious, to the na
tives by their avaricious nnd domineering
conduct, that the representalivps of the hea
then priesls became at lenglh sntliciently
powerful to procure a prohibition from the
Rmperor against the new religion. A vio
lent prosecution was commenced against the
Christians, of w hom 20,000 ore said to have
been put lo dealh in the year 1500. Still
tile number of proselytes continued to in
crease, and in 15!M nnd 1392 twelve thou
sand were converted nnd baptized. One
of llir Emperors wilh bis whole court
nnd nrmy embraced the Christian name,
and had the Porlnaese ncted with ordinary
prudence nnd gpntlt'iieos, their causo must
have triumphed, but the insolence of some
of their inflates to some piiuce of blood,
provoked, n new persecution in the year
159(5, which was carried on without inter
ruption for the space of 40 years, nnd ended
in lhe year lfi.lS, wilh tho extermination of
lhe Christian., and the banishment of the
I'orlnguese from the country.
IXTKRCOUllSE WITH TIIK PCTCII
Tn 1(500 n squadron of five ships, which
sailed from the Texel for Ihe East Indies
was lost in the Straits of Magellan, with the
exception of one Dutch ship steered by an
Englishman bv lhe name of William Adams
which reached the harbor of Banpo in Lat.
.IS'Si)'. Adams was foriunnte enough !u
ingratiate himself with the Empeior of Ja
pan who loaded him with present, but
would not consent to bis returning home.
The accounts he sent lo ISatavia with t lie
prospects be held out of a beneficial com
merce between the Iwo countries, induced
t'.i Patch East Indies Company to dispatch
a ship thiiher in lfiOP ; nnd thus, thioiigh
lhe iutei ventioe. of one individual, are the
Dutch indebted for iheir establishment at
Japan. They are the only people that have
contrived to retain the favor of Ihe Japanese
who, under humilialing restrictions, permit
them to carry on n trade, limited to the des
patch of two small ships annually fiom
fialavia lo Japan. Nearly nt lhe same time
the English also by means of Iheir country
man Adams, had permission to build a
factory on the island of Firando ; bid
though ihey were well received, and al
lowed to Iraiiic on advantageous terms, the
trade was abandoned for reasons hitherto
unexplained, ihe Dutch thus commenced,
nnd yet remain the only European Mer
chants in Japan.
Ties iinporis comprise raw silk, woollen,
cotton nnd linen cloths, sugar, dye-woods
seal skins, paper and other spices, mercury,
cinnabar, glass ware, v".e. The exports con
sist chiolly of copper in bars, and lo a small
amount camphor, silk, fubiics, lackered
ware, poicelian osC.
IIOCSES ASP MOPE OF LIVING.
Ill Japan the houses are of wood, never
exceeding two stories, tho upper one con
sisting chiclly of gatrets and lumber rooms.
Though the house is commodious, it consists
in general of one room, capable by move
able petitions ami screens, of being divided
into upaitmeuts. Neither tables nor chairs
are used, Ihe people) sitting squat on straw
mats, in which position they eat iheir
The diet of .ho Japanese is composed of a
greater vaiiety of articles than that of
any people in the world. Not content with
ihe many kinds of wholesome nnd nutritive
food supplied by lliu produce of iheir lands
and waters they contrive by their modes of
preparing iheir victuals, to render lhe less
valuable, and even the poisonous parts of an
imals and vegetable subslaiiccs useful, or at
least baiuiless articles of subsistence. At
meals the por'.ion for each person is ser
ved up In neat vessels of porcelain or japan
ned wood, which nro largo basins, fur
nished wilh litis. The gupstg salute each
oilier wilh a low bow before Ihey begin to
eat ; and like tho Chinese, take up food by
means of iwo small pieces of wood, held
between ihe fingers of the right baud, nnd
used wilh the greatest dexterity, go as to
pick Uj lb" smallest grain of rice. Ie
Iwcen each dish they drink waim Jacki, or
rice beer, out of shallow saucers, nnd at
ihe same time occasionally lake a bile uf a
hard boiled egg.
Some of the most common dishes are
fish boiled w ith onions nnd a kind of small
bean, or dressed in oil. Fowls slewed nnd
prepared ill vaiious modes, nnd boiled rice,
which supplies tlie place of bread for all
their provisions. Oils, mushrooms, carro'si
and various bulbous roots, me used in mak
ing up iheir dishes. It is customary to ent
three limes n day J nt eight o'clock jn the
nioiuiiig, Iwo in thu afternoon, and eight iu
lliu evening. The woiueu ejt by them
selves, apart from ihe men, The practice
of smoking tobacco, which is supposed to
have been introduced into Japan by the
Portuguese, is very commun with both
CHARACTERISTICS ANO PRESS OF TUB
The Japanese are a mixed race of Mon
gul und Malay origin. Their language is
pollysylabic, ahd has an alphabet of 47 let
ters, which , are written in live dillereut
forms, out of which is used exclusively by
the men, and another by the women. The
people of this nation are well made, active,
liee and easy in their motion, and stout
limbed. The men are middle sued, and in
general not corpulent, yellow complexions,
oblong black eyes which lire deeply sunk in
the head. Short nnd fiat noses, b:ond head
nnd black hair. They nre said to be nn in
telligent nnd provident people, inquisitive
and ingenious, frnnk nnd good humored, up
right nnd honest brave and unyielding, capa
ble of concealing nnd controling their feel
ings in nn extraotdinary degree, but distrust
ful, proud, unforgiving nnd revengeful
The usual dress of the Japanese is a short
upper garment, with wide sleeves, and a
complete gown underneath, fastened around
the neck, and reaching quite down lo the
The rich nre clothed in s!lk, the poor in
coarse woollen sniffs. The upper garment
is generally black, tho tinder dress is of mix
ed colors. Every one has his family arms,
about tbo size of a half dollar, wrought into
his clothes in different places. In winler
they wear five or six dresses over each
other. Instead of shoes, they have soles,
merely, of straw fastened to tho great toe
by n loop. They do not use parasols in sun
shine, nor umbrellas in rainy weather, but
in travelling, conical caps, fans and umbrel
las, nnd clonks made of oiled paper, are
commonly used. They pay great attention
o the ornamenting and dressing of their
hair, which is collected in a tuft on lhe
crown of their head, and they study great
cleanliness of person.
finVEBNMK.NT, LAWS AND POPULATION.
The form of government in Japan is pure
despotism. The sovereignly was formerly
vested in Ihe Piari or spiritual monarch, but
in 1593 the Kubo or military commander
usurped the chief civil power nnd the Piari
has ever since been the tool in tho govern
ment, though he has: been left lhe entire su
perintendence of religion nnd education.
All public acts must have his sanction, nnd
lo him nlnne belongs the power of conferring
honorary distinctions. The general execu
tive government is confided to seven coun
cillors ; the supreme judicial council is com"
posed uT live daimios who assist the Kubo in
deciding mi political offences, nnd a senate
of fifteen daimios form tho ordinary court of
criminal nnd civil law. The laws nre se
vere and often sanguinary, and death by de
capitation nnd crucifixion are ordinary pun
ishments. Minor offences nre punished by
e.vile lo the penal settlement of Fa'sisio
banishment, imprisonment, loilinC, &c, und
it often happens lhat Ihe Courts visit wilh
punishment not only the delinquent, but his
relations nnd fiiends, or the stranger lhat
has happened to witness lhe crime. The
prisons are gloomy nnd frightful dungeons
and the police are extremely strict. The
whole Government is conducted under a
state of terrorism, ami no part of it is fiee
The public, revenues nre derived from
taxes, on lands and horses. The amount of
the population is entirely unknown, but has
been variously estimated. Ralbi, iu the as
sumption lhat Japan is equally populous
wilh China, rates il at 23,000,000 ; but ns
China rales double the number this geogra
pher has nssigned lo it, tho population of
Japan should, on this principle, amount to
50 or (50.000,000. All travellers who have
visited Japan, agree i.-i slatflig, that nn over
flowing population is seen moving nbont lhe
streets and highways. We must reckon Ja
pan one of the most populous countries, in
proportion lo the extent of surface in lhe
world. The army iu time of peace, is rated
at 120.000 infantry, nnd 20,000 cavalry.
There is no nrmed navy. The internal his
tory of Japan is litlle known, am! il is to be
hoped that the proposed naval expedition
will be llm means of procuring information
w hich will result in lhe publication of an
extended history of lhe country.
Professor Hannibal, the colored lecturer
in lhe New York Picayune, commenced bis
last discourse iu the following feeling man
' Feller Trablers Ef I bad bin a Patin
diied apples for n week, an den took to
drinkiu for a monf, I eon! lift feel more
swell'd up dan I am dis m inn it wid pride an
wanily at seein sich full lendence bar dis
ebeniu, an wen I retleck il.it it am lilo in d
wite wnshin seeson, wen de bieddren am
seen n gwaiu loun de tieels a lookin like ole
Gvpshuu mummies presarved in lime, nn de
sisters uni up to dar ankles in de skrubbin
time, my heart yarns towards you, like a
puece ob login rubber uiu a hot globe, nn 1
feel dat 1 hub nn ntilickshuii for you eta! no
ting can estrange, or syringe, 1 fmgit now
which ; but one urn jist de same as ludder."
A young Woman went into the store of P.
S. Doming, in Waukcgun, (Wis,) a few
days since, and tluew Iwo ounces of oil uf
vitriol in I lit, face ol the piopiiclor, w hom
she accused of slanderous repiesenlnlious
concerning her. Ho has lost eiyht of one,
and will probably lose lhe sight of both his
A Growisc. Bcsinkss.- -Ten years ngo
the business of Adams' Expiess, in New
Yoik, was performed by one man, u.sisied
by a porter and wheelbarrow. Recent lhe
linn of Adams & Co , purchased a building
iu Riuadway for the transaction of Iheir bu.
ainess, for tidily thousand duUurs.
The Piuduciiuii ami gales of CaUwba
wine, in the vicinity of Cincinnati, is getting
to be an extensive business. The Cincinnati
Gazette is inhumed lhat lhe value in mate
rial, land, and labor, at pieseul involved in
lhe cuhure w ithin a few n.ilei of that city
is full S.-iOOjOOO.
HEALTH INSIRAM E,
A thin, cadaverous looking German, nbouj
fifty years of agp, thieteil the office of a
Health Insurance Company in Indiana, a few
days ngo, says the Daily Courier and in'
"Hi te man in vot iiishnres de peeplci
The agent politely answered, "I attend
lo that business, sir."
"Veil, I vnnts mine helts inshured ; vot
you charge V
"Different prices," nnswered the ngent,
"from Ihree to ten dollars a year J pay ten
dollars a year nnd you get ten dollars a
week in cni'e' of sickness."
"Veil," said Mynheer, ' I vants ten dollaf
The ngent inquired his staletof health.
"Veil, I ish sick nil te limei l'se shusht
out te betl loo or tree hours a lay, unt te doc
tor says he can't do nothing more goot for
"If that's Ihe state of your health," re
turned the ngent "we can't insure it. We
only insure persons who are iu good health.
At Ibis Mynheer bristled up wilh angel,
"You mnst link I'm a fool ; vot you link I
come to pay you ten dollar for inshure my
belt, (:cn ' ros sec."
tT It IOIS tPITAPHS
The following was written on the death of
a tailor nnmed Button :
'Mere lies n mnn henven rpst his soul f
Whose irrnve is but a Ilutlon hole."
The following was taken from the same
church yard as fife firrt :
"Here lies tlie mnn Peter nnd Mary his wife ;
t inted ai death, 1I10115I1 divided in life."
The following derives its chief oddity
from the peculiarity of the rhyme, nnd the
substitution of the word "perpe'i'dicular" for
'Here lie, the Ii xly of Deacon David Auricular,
Who in the ways of Rod walked perpendicular."
The lady mentioned in the next epitaph
must have been a warm advocate of "wo
man's rights"--quile a Mrs. Caudle, in shott
nnd the lines were probably indited by
her husbtnd, painfully sensible to these
'Sneied lo lhe memory of Mr. Betsy Rhett,
Who was a wiioi.k tkam asd a horsk to ttr !"
iRELAxn as She Is. In Horace reely'
''Glances at Europe," published in New York
in 1S51, page 317, we find lhe following pas
sage. "Walking with a friend through one of the
waste streets of Galwny, (Ireland,) beside
lhe outlet of lhe lakes, I came where a girl
of leu years old was breaking up hard brook
pebbles into suitable fragments to mend
ruatts wilh; we halted, and M. asked how
much she received for lhat labor, she an
swered "Six pence a car load." "How long
will it take yon to break a car load V "About
a Fortnight." Further questions respecting
her family, &c., were answered wilh equal
correctness and propriety, and wilh manifest
trulh. Here was a mere child, who should
have been sent to school, delving from
morning till night nt an employment utterly
uusuited to her strength, and which I should
consider, dangerous to her eyesight, to
earn for her poor parents a half-penny per
Distinguished Foueicners in Paiiis.
The Garden of Plants has been enriched with
in the last month by successive arrivals from
nearly nil parts of the world such as a rhi
noceros from Morocco; a lion and two cubs,
mala and female, from the vicinity of Con
slant ine ; a genet, porcupines, monkeys,
dromedaries, gazelles, an ostrich, and sever
al eagles, from other parts of Algeire ; a Inm
a or two from South America ; a bull without
horns, and a wild bull from China, whose bel
ly drags upon the ground us he walks; and
lastly a merino sheep, whoso tail, in the most
bushy part, is fifteen inches through.
Preserving Hams. As the warm weather
is at hand, (we hope so ut least,) it is pru
dent (o prepare hams against flies, &e. Af
ter hams are properly smoked, they should
be packed down in boxes and well covered
with coarse rock suit and then kepi in a
clean, cool, and dry place. The salt will
answer for packing: meal in lhe tall.
We have for years put ours up in hickory
wood ashes. They are rubbed well wilh
the ashes, ihen stowed away iu barrels, cov
ered and a quantity of the ashes spread over
them. They have kept in the best order
and perfectly free from attacks of insect,
&e. Gtr, Telegraph.
Gapes in Chickens. Mix with their food
every day a small quantity of vinegar,
which has stood a few days in an iron ves
sel. Or, if you prefer il, vinegar in which
iron fillings have been dissolved This is a
certain preventive of a troublesome and
often fatal disease. Young chickens should
never be allowed to run out in damp or wet
weather. If Ihey are not kept dry ami
warm, many are almost sure lo die. Ger.
At the sale of Louis Phillippe's library,
romance of Chivalry, railed "Perreforesl,"
in six volumes, in vellum paper and ele.
gnmly bound, was bought for lhe Duke
d'Aumale foi S22I0. The rival bidder waa
an agent of the British Museum. A copy of
Jusephus, marked by a bayonet stioke, w.t
aUo bought by the Puke for f 600.
The greatest wealsh is cuii'tutment with